Idaho History July 5, 2020

Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic

Part 12

Idaho Newspaper clippings November 9-14

Boundary County serviceman pictured in downtown Bonners Ferry in 1918 Photo courtesy Boundary County Museum

source: Boundary County, Idaho News
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Nov 9

The Daily Star-Mirror., November 09, 1918, Page 1

Tells How Conrad L. Ostroot Died
Was Taken Ill With Influenza on Shipboard – Had Best of Care

Mr. and Mrs. E. E. Ostroot, whose son, Conrad, a bright young man well known in Moscow, died some time ago, are just in receipt of the following letter giving detailed information about his last illness. The letter follows:

“London, Oct. 20, 1918.

“Mrs. E. E. Ostroot, Moscow, Idaho.

Dear Madam: It is with great regret that I have to confirm the news of the death of your son, Conrad L. Ostroot, at sea on Oct 10th, 1918.

“He sailed early in October for Europe for important duty under my direction.

“Shortly after leaving port he developed Spanish influenza which later turned into pneumonia. He received the best of care from the ship’s doctor and it looked for a long time as if his strong constitution would pull him through, but it was not to be. Other deaths occurred but I saw to it that he had better treatment than most.

“You may feel that you son died in line of duty just as much as if he had fallen in battle. He was an excellent man who did his full duty – evidenced by his selection from a considerable number for duty of special importance.

“Very truly yours, N. H. Heck, Lieutenant U. S. N. R. F.”

source: The Daily Star-Mirror. (Moscow, Idaho), 09 Nov. 1918. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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The Daily Star-Mirror., November 09, 1918, Page 3

City News

The Cornwall Red Cross sent a nice lot of fruit for the Moscow soldiers today. The fruit goes to the hospitals and convalescent wards.

Mrs. Frank Mix sent to the soldier hospitals today a lot of cream, fruit, cookies and puddings which were thankfully received by those well enough to eat them.

Homer and Howard David have now fully recovered from the attacks of influenza for which they have been housed for the past two weeks. Howard David is able to be down town. Mrs. Homer David has also recovered from a similar attack.

W. T. Wilkins left for his home today at Blackfoot, Idaho. Mr. Wilkins will return to Moscow in a few days, as his son is still ill of influenza.

Mrs. Chas. Thomas of Champion, Alberta, arrived in Moscow, called by the illness of her daughter, Miss Ona Thomas, of influenza. Miss Thomas had been working at Plummer’s cafeteria and now at the home of Mrs. O. W. Beardsley.

Miss Joy Newman, typist at the university, has a slight attack of influenza and was taken today to the home of Mrs. Roberts.

Mrs. Cyrus Roberts returned to her home in Kendrick, her son Cecil having recovered from the influenza.

Mrs. F. I. Lindgren went to her home at Orofino today, leaving her son Paul, of the S. A. T. C., practically well of influenza.

Arlie Decker, Dean of Forestry at Pullman College, has recovered from his attack of influenza and arrived in Moscow today to visit his parents, Mr. and Mrs. J. H. Decker.

Mrs. Geo. Daugherty of Estes is in Moscow today. Mrs. Daugherty has been assisting in collecting fruit for the soldiers, having brought in last week an automobile load of canned and fresh fruit.
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Influenza Situation in Moscow is Better

The influenza situation still shows improvement in Moscow, both in the city and in the university and the S. A. T. C. There were eight new cases among Class A men of the S. A. T. C. admitted to the hospital today and nine were released as cured. There have been no more deaths, but one case is regarded as almost hopeless. Otherwise the situation is regarded as much better than it has been for some time. Nearly all new cases are very mild.

source: The Daily Star-Mirror. (Moscow, Idaho), 09 Nov. 1918. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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The Daily Star-Mirror., November 09, 1918, Page 4

W. E. Wallace Tells Of The Influenza
Moscow Man Returned From San Francisco Says Epidemic Terrible There

W. E. Wallace returned last evening from San Francisco where Wallace and Cooper have the jobbing rights of California and Nevada for the I. L. C. automobile lens. Mr. Wallace says the Inland Empire has escaped wonderfully easy from the dread epidemic. In San Francisco there are 20,000 cases of influenza with about an average of one hundred deaths a day. The terrible disease is no respecter of persons, taking the rich and poor, the old and young; occasionally a victim drops dead on the street, and in instances entire families.

Several of the prominent physicians and nurses of San Francisco have been victims of influenza. The ambiances are going day and night. It is compulsory for every one to wear masks except in the privacy of one’s own home or hotel room. Business is at a stand still, having fallen off from 60 to 70 per cent in many cases, and yet they cannot secure the necessary help. Of course no crowds are allowed to congregate; even war bulletins being removed from the windows; the mass of some churches is given on the church steps; no courts are are permitted; no music is allowed in restaurants.

Coast cities are conserving on lights; no lights are allowed in show windows except at certain times; cluster lights are reduced to one late in the evening; no electric signs as usual, except on certain nights; in fact, it is a gloomy city where it was once bright and gay.

Mr. Wallace come home by way of Portland and Seattle, where stores are closed all day Saturday and open other days from 10 to 3 p.j. All along the way the sad sights of caskets and boxes were exhibited at most stations.

Sixteen bodies were on the train as they pulled out of Oakland, that city being badly stricken also. So Moscow can well be thankful that her population has so far suffered so few tragedies.

Mr. Wallace will remain with his family until about the first of January.

source: The Daily Star-Mirror. (Moscow, Idaho), 09 Nov. 1918. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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(click image for larger size)
A naval unit in Pullman, Washington, on Nov. 11, 1918, celebrating the end of World War I. Courtesy of the Franks Collection, Northwest Museum of Arts and Culture

source: Northwest Public Broadcasting
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Nov 11

The Daily Star-Mirror., November 11, 1918, Page 1

World War Is Over

(click image for larger size)
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Moscow Holds Greatest Celebration In History

The greatest celebration in the history of Moscow was held today. The celebration began at 2 o’clock this morning when word came over the telephone that the armistice had been signed. It started with the ringing of church bells and the sounding of whistles, with shrieks by the few who were up at that unseemly hour.

Early this morning special bulletins began to reach the office of The Star-Mirror telling of the signing of the armistice and that the was is over. As the bulletins were posted great crowds gathered around the bulletin boards and read with deep interest.

When it became known that is was not a hoax – that Germany had actually surrendered and that the war was actually over a celebration that would do honor to the occasion was arranged. It was decided to close all stores at noon and devote the afternoon to celebrating.

At 2 o’clock the parade, the largest, best and most thrilling ever seen here, started. Let by the band, President Lindley and the army officers, the S. A. T. C. men from the university, 500 strong, nearly all in uniform, and singing “‘Twill not be over till it’s over over there,” led the great parade. Then came the university cannon. Then the vocational training corps, a sturdy bunch of real soldiers commanded by real army officers and looking like a young army, Company C, Idaho National Guards, the Boy Scouts, the Red Cross, old soldiers, members of various lodges, the fire department and civilians afoot, on horseback, in carriages and automobiles, formed a parade that would have been an honor to a city 10 times as large as Moscow. The streets were thronged with a glad, happy, cheering mob of men, women and children.

It was a “perfect end of a perfect day.” It was an event long to be remembered in Moscow. The influenza was forgotten and everyone seemed joyously, almost hilariously happy.

Miss Isabelle Richards was the Goddess of Liberty and Little Vern Sturm represented “Uncle Sam and the Allied Nations” on the fire truck.

George Creighton took Mayor Truitt, Judge Steele of the district court, and George G. Pickett, city attorney, in his car, which carried the American and the Allied flags, and made a fine showing in the parade.
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American Casualty List Nearly Seventy Thousand

Almost 70,000 American soldiers have been killed, wounded, taken prisoner or died from accident, disease or other causes, since the United States began war with Germany. The total up to this morning, was 68,451, and 969 were added in today’s list. This does not include causalities in the marine corps. …
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Influenza Causes Two More Deaths In Moscow

Two more deaths, due to influenza, have occurred here, bringing the total since the influenza epidemic struck Moscow up to 12.

Earl S. John, whose wife died just one week ago, followed her today. Mr. and Mrs. St. John were stricken two weeks ago and both were critically ill from the start. Her death occurred just one week before that of her husband. Mr. St. John was 22 years of age and had been employed as a window decorator in David’s department store. Mr. and Mrs. St. John had no children. …

Leland Eddy, of Sandpoint, a member of the S. A. T. C., class B, the vocational training corps, died this morning after an illness of two weeks. His condition has been critical for more than a week and hope of his recovery was abandoned several days ago. His mother arrived in Moscow before his death, reaching here Saturday evening. …

source: The Daily Star-Mirror. (Moscow, Idaho), 11 Nov. 1918. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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The Daily Star-Mirror., November 11, 1918, Page 2

City News

Mrs. C. A. Christenson of route 5, gave a sack of apples and four quarts of cherries to the soldiers’ mess fun.

Robert Cozier of the S. A. T. C., who is a victim of the influenza at his mother’s home, is improving.

Miss Grace Ball, commercial teacher of the university, has received news of the serious illness of her father and sister.

Mrs. Geo. W. Shepherd, who has been visiting her parents, Mr. and Mrs. W. H. Hill, was called to Great Falls, Mont., by the illness of her husband, who had taken a relapse from an attack of influenza.

Miss Helen Savage, who has been in Pullman for the past year, has been quite ill of influenza and pneumonia, but is now recovered. Her mother, Mrs. Savage, of Moscow, is with her and both expect to return to Moscow the latter part of the week.
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Troy Has Monster Celebration Today

More than 2,000 persons joined in the wildest celebration the town of Troy has ever known today. All business was suspended and the afternoon given over to celebrating the close of the war. The finest parade ever seen in Troy was headed by “uncle Sam” with “General Pershing” dragging the kaiser through the streets and the effigy was burned later wile 2,000 enthusiastic people yelled themselves hoarse. Although business is closed the merchants and citizen are feeding everybody who will accept, popcorn, peanuts and other confections and every man who wants to smoke has a free cigar. Troy never does anything in a half-hearted way and the celebration today is a record breaker. The Star-Mirror furnished the people of Troy with the terms of the armistice which were read at a great meeting where patriotic speeches were delivered and patriotic music played and patriotic songs were sung.

source: The Daily Star-Mirror. (Moscow, Idaho), 11 Nov. 1918. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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(click image for larger size)
1918 Armistice Day Parade. Troy, Idaho. Donor Clyde Spencer

source: Photo Group 5 University of Idaho Library Special Collections & Archives
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Nov 12

The Idaho Republican. November 12, 1918, Page 2


The influenza has not started on the decline in Shelley yet, but instead many new cases are being reported. There has been only one death in Shelley from the flu that of Mrs. Frank Hiatt. The cases seem to be much lighter because people are now taking better care of themselves when they have the disease. A stranger at the sugar factory succumbed to an attack of the flu. The people of Shelley should consider themselves lucky for not having conditions more serious The main thing is to take care of yourself when you get this dreaded disease, go to bed when you feel ill and call the family physician.

The Dean Drug store and Roger’s Cafe are the only business houses open here at the present time after 6 o’clock. The drug store is open after 6 for the sale of medicine only. Roger’s Cafe stays open until 9 p.m. Other business houses will not open again at nights until notified that they may do so by the board of health.

Edley Hampton is recovering from a slight attack of the flu.

Election day was much quieter here this year than the last congressional election; due partly to the flu and partly to the war conditions, but the big majority of citizens here turned out to vote.

Miss Clara Dolder is up and around again, after having recovered from a severe case of influenza.

Edgar Thornton has returned from an attack of the flu, as has Guy Mallory also.
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The flu has reached Firth. A. G. Robbins, Mrs. M. D. Andrus and several of the family and possibly others not reported are or have been afflicted, but all seem to be convalescing nicely.

On October 22 at four o’clock in the afternoon, occurred the death of Emil J. Ekedahl of Firth. He had been stationed at Camp Fremont and became ill with pneumonia. Within ten days he passed away and was brought home for burial. He was only twenty-one years and eight months at the time of his demise. …

The Mentor club which was to have met with Mrs. L. F. Ramsey has post poned its meetings spending the abatement of the flu.
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Upper Presto

Mrs. Ila Grover passed away Sunday morning, after suffering from an attack of influenza. …
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Miss Elda Fielding, who has been very ill with the influenza is improving.

Word has been received that Glen Andrew, who has been ill with the influenza at Camp Sherman, Ohio, is improving.

Use plenty of camphor as a preventative for the flu. A little bag of camphor tied around the neck is very good.

Election day was very quiet in Jameston.
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Death of George Bailey

George Bailey, age eight years, son of George Bailey of Groveland, died Thursday night, after suffering an attack of influenza and pneumonia for the past four weeks.

His mother and brother Glenn proceeded him, both dying from the same disease. …
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Idaho Budget

Citizens of Jerome are aroused over the treatment accorded Boyd Kelly Frazer, 19 years old, at the S. A. T. C school at Moscow and an investigation into circumstances attending his discharge when suffering from Spanish influenza and his death three days after his arrival home, has been started.

Last week an order was issued at Idaho Falls that every person must wear a mask while anywhere associated with other persons, and that all business houses except drug stores and restaurants and hotels should close at 6 o’clock p.m.

Dick Donovan, deputy director of the state farm markets bureau, who has been sick for almost a month in a Pittsburgh, Pa., hospital with Spanish influenza, has entirely recovered.

Because of the influenza epidemic the state board of agriculture announced last week that the Lewiston livestock show, scheduled for November 7 to 13, will be postponed until the latter part of November or some time during December.
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Back on the Job

P. H. Whitiger, head mechanic at the Service garage, resumed his work Saturday morning, after being confined to his home for several days, on account of sickness.
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Able to be at Work

Charles Kinney who has been confined to his bed for several weeks past is much improved and now able to be around. Mr. Kinney has accepted a position with the Smith Bakery company.
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Influenza Reaches Alaska.

Nome, Alaska – Nome has been stricken with influenza. About 300 white residents are reported suffering, and Eskimos in near-by villages are said to be dying by scores. The weather has been below zero for several days.

source: The Idaho Republican. (Blackfoot, Idaho), 12 Nov. 1918. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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The Idaho Republican. November 12, 1918, Page 4


Two Grandview citizens, victims of influenza, Mrs. Will watts, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. A,. J. Satterfield passed away at the hospital in Pocatello early Tuesday morning. She had been called to Pocatello two weeks before to help care for the sick in her brother’s family. A few days later she contracted the disease, follow by pneumonia, which resulted in her death. She was very sick from the first. Her mother had been with her constantly for ten days. Her husband, to who she was married just a year ago, was called to the colors several moths ago, and she had been expecting to visit him. They were unable to reach him with a message, as word reached them from Washington D. C. that he had sailed for France three days before. …

Ralph Quigley, a young man about twenty year of age died November 5, after an attack of influenza-pneumonia. He had been working in Blackfoot, but came home, after contracting the influenza. … Several other members of the family are still sick.

Mrs. Patton is reported very ill with influenza.
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source: The Idaho Republican. (Blackfoot, Idaho), 12 Nov. 1918. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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The Idaho Republican. November 12, 1918, Page 5

Local News

J. W. Ezell, who has been very ill, is now improving.

Miss Lyn Thompson is much improved from her recent illness.

Miss Eula Palmer was on the sick list the last of the week.

Mrs. E. J. Benson was on the sick list the last of the week.

Mrs. Roy Clifford is very ill at her home.

C. C. Hayes of Idaho Falls was in Blackfoot Thursday and purchased twelve caskets from D. H. Biethan.

Fred Weber, who has been ill with the influenza, is now somewhat improved.

Miss Nell Crenshaw has fully recovered from a few days’ illness.

Miss Clara Schofield resumed her work at the Blackfoot Mercantile Friday, after a week’s illness.

Miss Delphia Montgomery has recovered from a severe attack of the influenza.

Miss Milbury Pew resumed her work at the Racket store Friday having fully recovered from her illness.

R. W. Adair was on the sick list the last of the week, but is doing nicely at present.

Word has been received that Mrs. Guy Priest, who is in Bainebridge, Ind., is ill with the influenza.

Mrs. L. C. Rockwood was on the sick list a few days the last of the week.

Mrs. Carilone Warren went to Pocatello Saturday to stay with her daughter who is ill.

Gordon Thompson has fully recovered from a severe attack of the flu.

Miss Meria Weise resumed her duties at the Pearson grocery, after being confined to her home with sickness.

Mrs. W. C. Sollenberger went to Pocatello Friday to visit with her daughter Mrs. Drollinger, who is ill at the present time.

Mr. Clifford arrived in Blackfoot the last of the week from Moscow, where he has been taking military training. He was called home on account of the illness of his wife.
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Dr. Simmons Leaves

Dr. and Mrs. Simmons left Friday for Pocatello, from there Dr. Simmons left for Fort Riley, Kan., where he will be in the service.

Mrs. Simmons returned to Blackfoot Saturday morning to remain some time before joining her husband.

source: The Idaho Republican. (Blackfoot, Idaho), 12 Nov. 1918. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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American Falls Press. November 12, 1918, Page 1

(click image for larger size)
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Death of Mrs. Nathan Perry.

Mrs. Nathan Perry died at Rockland last night, of influenza. A husband and two small children survive her. At her bedside when death came were Mr. and Mrs. McCulloch of Rigby, father and mother of the deceased.

source: American Falls Press. (American Falls, Idaho), 12 Nov. 1918. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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American Falls Press. November 12, 1918, Page 4

People and Events.

The family of P. A. Friesen, who live just over the line in Bingham county from Cedar creek, are reported to be down with influenza.

Charles Johnson and family are ill with influenza. The children of Mrs. Muehien [?] came down first, and had barely began to get well before other members began coming down.

Dr. Noth is gaining very fast and will soon be able to go on a vacation which he has earned several times over during the past ten years. He began learning to walk again Saturday, and made fair progress.

Mrs. Webb, mother of Mrs. Frank Barnard, who is seriously ill is reported slightly improved.

M. J. Unger and Bob Elisberry made a trip to Aberdeen Saturday. They found the “no admittance without a mask” sign up and working. The flu is getting a good start in Aberdeen.

James Frodsham was a visitor from Rockland yesterday, bring news of the death of Mrs. Nathan Perry, from influenza. Mr. Frodsham reports the situation much better than it has been for a month past.

Mrs. A. B. Altree is recovering from an attack of pneumonia, contracted while she was taking care of sufferers from influenza in Rockland and American Falls. Mrs. Altree has without doubt done her part since the epidemic began, and her friends will be glad to hear that she is recovering her health.

Elmer Drummond died at the hospital Monday morning at 2 o’clock, after suffering with influenza for a week. Deceased is survived by his wife and three children, aged four months, four years and six years. …

Miss Gweenty, the nurse who came from Burley to assist in caring for the influenza victims at Rockland when the epidemic was at its height there and who fell a victim to the disease herself within a few days, returned to her home yesterday. Miss Gweenty left realizing that she had fallen among friends during her illness and is profuse in her tans for the way she was cared for. Miss Gweenty is the only one of nine nurses who were headed for Power county who ever reached their destination. What became of the others is one of the mysteries. They may have been taken off the train before they reached here to assist in other localities, or may themselves have fallen ill.
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Arbon News

Raldo Woods, 14-year-old son of Mr. and Mrs. Heber Woods, died Tuesday of pneumonia induced by influenza. The young man had been ill only 11 days. The remains were laid to rest at Valley View cemetery.

Newell Leishman and Frank Turner are both recovering from a serious siege of pneumonia. Both had to be operated on to better their condition.

Richard Bandy is now able to sit up a little after several weeks illness with pneumonia.

Flu conditions locally are on the mend. All cases are very light now and only a case now and then breaking out.

Mrs. John Lusk came over from Malad Monday to help care for her son, Dave Lusk, who was quite ill with influenza, but is improving. Dr. Epson of Malad was the attending physician.

Election day was quiet here, due to the flu situation and cold weather, many losing their votes on account of illness.

source: American Falls Press. [volume] (American Falls, Idaho), 12 Nov. 1918. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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Bonners Ferry Herald. November 12, 1918, Page 1

19181112BFH1Several New “Flu” Cases
Everybody Getting It – Serious Cases Are Rapidly Improving

County Assessor W. C. Reid is confined to his home with Spanish influenza as is also County Clerk Elder, Prosecuting Attorney Frank Bottum, and Deputy County Clerks, Miss Peterson and Miss Bruce. Consequently the court house is not the scene of many activities. E. M. Flood is acting county clerk in the absence of Mr. Elder and Miss Reid is taking her father’s place in the assessor’s office.

Yesterday morning, the First National bank was unable to take care of its customary business as Cashier Shultis, Assistant Cashier MacNamara, and Teller Thomsen are all “flu” victims. Many of the stores of the city are seriously handicapped by the illness of employees with the Spanish influenza and the disease seems to be claiming new victims every day although there are few serious cases and all the old cases are improving rapidly. Drs. Fry and Keller are on the go day and night but have found it almost impossible to attend to each and every call as promptly as usual.

In the Porthill and Copeland districts there are many “flu” cases but all are reported to be getting along nicely.

It is not likely that the schools will be allowed to start again for another week or two. The opening of the schools will be ordered by the state health board upon the recommendations of County Health Officer Fry.

Dr. Fry states that he has reported 79 new cases of the influenza this week to the state health department; last week he reported 84 cases and the week before that 88 cases. He has reported a total of 355 cases but of course there are many mild cases that the physicians have not heard of and Dr. Fry estimates that in this county there have been, counting the present cases, about 700 Spanish influenza victims. There have been a total of nine deaths from the disease.
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Mrs. Van Etten Passes Away
Victim of Pneumonia – Funeral Services Held Sunday Afternoon

Mary Josephine Van Etten died at the Bonners Ferry hospital Saturday morning of pneumonia following and attack of Spanish influenza. Interment was had Sunday afternoon in the local cemetery, funeral services being conducted by the Rev. E. R. Henderson. …She is survived by her husband, a day and a half old son, her father and mother and sisters and brothers.
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Little Bernice McGarvey Dies

Bernice, the little four and a half year old daughter of Mr. and Mrs. J. R. McGarvey, of Naples, died at her home Thursday night of Spanish influenza. Funeral services were conducted at the local cemetery Saturday afternoon at two o’clock. Rev. Fr. Kelly officiating. …
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Postpone Supreme Court

Attorneys of this city were notified last week that the term of the supreme court which should have convened in Coeur d Alene yesterday, would be indefinitely postponed on account of the Spanish influenza epidemic.

source: Bonners Ferry Herald. (Bonners Ferry, Idaho), 12 Nov. 1918. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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Bonners Ferry Herald. November 12, 1918, Page 2

Idaho News Paragraphs
Recent Happenings in This State Given in Brief Items for Busy Readers.

The epidemic of influenza is on the increase at Elk River.

Miss Catherine Lansing, age 42, died recently at Lewiston from the “Flu.” Miss Lansing was among the most devoted of the Red Cross workers, and for the last year had given practically all of her time to this work.

The influenza epidemic has run its course in Lewis county, no new cases having been reported for nearly two weeks. In all 23 deaths occurred in Lewis county from the epidemic, 15 being at Nez Perce and eight at Ilo-Vollmer.

One doctor in Kellogg reported 400 cases of Spanish influenza. In some families six and seven members are in bed from the disease – all regulations are closely followed, but it seems to be on the increase. Eight have died Friday and Saturday.

If no furthers cases of influenza develop the Sandpoint schools may resume Nov. 18. The ban on picture houses and public gatherings will probably be removed at the same time.

source: Bonners Ferry Herald. (Bonners Ferry, Idaho), 12 Nov. 1918. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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Bonners Ferry Herald. November 12, 1918, Page 6

Local Pick-ups

Tom Martin, of the Kootenai Valley Times, is seriously ill with Spanish influenza.

R. McPherson is confined to his home with an attack of Spanish influenza.

Mrs. and Mrs. O. F. Howe are confined to their beds this week with Spanish influenza. Mrs. Gray, mother of Mrs. Howe, is taking care of the sick folks.

Mrs. J. Bert Cowen and two children are sick with the Spanish influenza.

J. L. Leach, proprietor of the Golden Rule Transfer, is sick this week with the Spanish influenza.

The H. B. Carratt family have all been victims of the Spanish influenza. At last reports the family were on the road to good health again.

Bryon N. Hawks, proprietor of the Brody Drug Store, who has been seriously ill with Spanish influenza, is on the road to recovery and will be able to attend to his business duties in a day or so.

Miss Verna Bruce, nurse at the St. Luke’s hospital in Spokane, arrived here Saturday to spend a few days visiting with her parents, Mr. and Mrs. Malcolm Bruce. Miss Bruce has just recovered from a severe attack of the Spanish influenza and Sunday, her sister, Miss Dollie, was taken ill with the same disease. Mrs. Lillian Smith, a cousin of Miss Bruce, accompanied her here from Spokane, but returned home Sunday on account of the sickness of Miss Dollie Bruce.

source: Bonners Ferry Herald. (Bonners Ferry, Idaho), 12 Nov. 1918. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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Bonners Ferry Herald. November 12, 1918, Page 8

H. B. Wilson of Bacon & Wilson, Plummer druggists, died last week of influenza.

source: Bonners Ferry Herald. (Bonners Ferry, Idaho), 12 Nov. 1918. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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The Daily Star-Mirror., November 12, 1918, Page 1

Only One New Case Of Influenza Here

The influenza situation in Moscow is better today than at any time since the epidemic stuck Moscow. There have been no deaths since Sunday night and in the report issued today but one new case had been admitted to the hospital while eight had been discharged as cured. The new case is very mild. The patient belongs to class A of the S. A. T. C. Of the men released four are class A and four are class B men. The general situation in Moscow is regarded as very favorable. It is hoped that schools may be reopened in the near future if the situation continues to show improvement.

source: The Daily Star-Mirror. (Moscow, Idaho), 12 Nov. 1918. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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The Daily Star-Mirror., November 12, 1918, Page 5

City News

Mrs. T. A. Meeker is improving nicely since having the influenza.

Winnifred Edmundson has been very sick with the influenza for over two weeks at Grangeville, where she is teaching in the city schools. She is now able to be up.

Roy Handlin of the S. A. T. C. is just recovering from an attack of influenza and is now at the Elks’ temple.

Frank Neely is ill of influenza and pneumonia, but is improved today.

Frank Griffith, who lives near Moscow, has received word that his son Elza Griffith at the camp at Eustic, Va., died of influenza.

Emer Keiber of Wallace came home Sunday to assist in the care of his father, Geo. Keiber, and two sisters, who are ill of influenza.

Prof. H. B. Reed of the psychology department at the university received word yesterday that his brother A. A. Reed, died of influenza last week in Saskatchewan.

Judge and Mrs. W. M. Morgan arrived at noon today from Coeur d’Alene where the judge had expected to hold a term of court, but on account of the epidemic of influenza, the session was postponed. Judge and Mrs. Morgan expect to return to Boise tomorrow.
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Yesterday Was A Legal Holiday In Idaho

Few people knew that yesterday was a legal holiday in Idaho. Governor Alexander issued a proclamation declaring it such, as soon as he learned that the armistice had been signed and the war was over, but the telegram announcing the proclamation did not reach Moscow until late yesterday evening after The Star_mirror had gone to press and it was not made known until today. But Moscow people made it a holiday, whether legal or illegal, and they certainly enjoyed it, even though they had only half a holiday when they might have had a full day. But they had part of a holiday last week when the United Press fake report of the signing of the armistice was received, and are not complaining.
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Juliaetta Celebrated Signing of Armistice

Juliaetta. – The people of Juliaetta gave vent to their joy in the new of peace yesterday, by a most enthusiastic demonstration. All the bells of the town rang continuously for six hours. Business houses were closed. A parade was formed, and speeches were made by prominent citizens. All day the people were finding new ways to express their patriotism and joy. In the evening a huge bonfire was built, around which gathered several hundred citizens and people from the surrounding country. Under the flags of the allied nations, an impromptu program was rendered. The Reverend Mt. Nelson, Mr. Columbus Clark, Mr. Earl Crum, and Mr. E. W. Porter were the principal speakers. The crowd joined in singing patriotic songs. The demonstration lasted far into the night.
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Oscar Roos Died at Lewiston Today.

A. Langdon was called to Lewiston today by the announcement that his son-in-law, Oscar Roos, had died of pneumonia, following influenza. Mr. Roos married Myrtle Langdon, oldest daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Langdon, and was well known in Lewiston where he was engaged in railroad work. He had recovered from influenza enough to be up and around when he took a relapse and died today. Mrs. Langdon was with her daughter when death came to her husband. …

source: The Daily Star-Mirror. (Moscow, Idaho), 12 Nov. 1918. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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(click image for larger size)
Members of the St. Louis Red Cross Motor Corps on duty on five ambulances during the 1918 flu pandemic. Via Library of Congress

source: PBS
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Nov 13

The Challis Messenger., November 13, 1918, Page 1

Citizens Maintain Quarantine

Wednesday evening, word reached town that District Judge F. J. Cowen, together with T. R. Jones, Clay Vance and an attorney from Idaho Falls had passed the quarantine guards on Willow creek summit and were on their way to Challis.

At about seven o’clock a large number of our citizens met and proceeded down the road to a point about 100 yards below the school house and erected a barricade to stop the entrance of the car carrying the party named above into town.

An offer was made the visitors to the effect that if they would go to the Challis Hot Springs for the night the Council of Defense would meet with them the following morning. Judge Cowen said he would consent to this arrangement provided he was guaranteed an entrance to town the next morning. This could not be assured him and after some further parleying, the Judge and his party returned to Mackay.

There was no violence offered nor disrespect shown to the party. The assemblage was simply a body of determined men and women to enforce a quarantine which our health officers deem is necessary to protect the lives of our citizens against a disease that proves fatal in many cases.

Should Spanish Influenza enter our town it would be a serious blow to the community and there is no question but that some of our citizens would lose their lives as a result. We have but one physician and no nurses here and our situation would be extremely dangerous.

The State Board of Health and the Governor have given us all assurances of their support in maintaining the quarantine. The people therefore, believe they are standing on their rights as American citizens and have resolved to back our health officers in maintaining the quarantine.
— —

To Maintain Quarantine
“The ‘Flu’ Will be Mild in Comparison to What We Will Get if We Do Not Change Our Ways”

On the 11th or November, 1919, Judge F. J. Cowen called E. J. Michael, Clerk of the District Court on the ‘phone and asked hint to call a meeting of the citizens and see if they would not make some changes in regard to the quarantine situation here. The meeting was called and the following message was ordered ‘phoned to Judge Cowen:

“The County Board of Health, consisting of a majority of the Board of County Commissioners have established quarantine but not prohibited travel along the public highways, and only require people coming from infected districts to submit to reasonable regulations so as not to spread the disease. If any person will submit to these reasonable regulations they can freely enter the quarantined district and travel unrestricted to any place therein.

We are supporting the law and our quarantine regulations and protecting as best we can our people against the affliction of Spanish Influenza. We have no desire to violate your orders and believe the facts have been misrepresented to you. We have always had the greatest respect for you and your orders as to judge and believe when you get all the facts you will appreciate our stand and until then we ask you to withhold judgment and stand with us in protecting the lives of our people and to not issue further Court Orders until our side is represented.”

Upon receiving the above message the Judge replied that the people were not receding from their position in maintaining the quarantine and that if we did not change our methods we would get into a worse condition than Spanish Influenza could possibly put us.

Citizens of Custer County and Idaho, what do you think of this?

Is torture and punishment in store for the law abiding citizens of this district, just because they are trying to protect their wives, their children, themselves and all that is dear to them from this terrible disease?

Judge Cowen has threatened to call on the Governor to establish martial law in this section, but the Chairman of the State Board of Health has ‘phoned that if martial law is established it will be to enforce our quarantine, not to break it.
— —

People of Pahsamaroi Enforce the Quarantine

In the early days of Idaho when the people reached a point where they could no longer tolerate unprovoked law breaking they took matters into their own hands and made a community a safe place in which to live.

Perhaps the pioneers who hanged law breakers to trees in those days were hotter headed than their decendants [sic] of today at any rate the SPIRIT OF SELF DEFENSE is not dead in the Pahsamaroi valley.

If the Citizens wished to have their lives protected and the quarantine enforced they must, they decided, act themselves: The Custer County Health Officers were doing their utmost to make the quarantine effective, but attempts were made by certain attorneys to make the quaranntine [sic] a legal farce by blocking every effort of our officers; as a result a number of people met together and formed a ‘Safety First Unit’ they decided the issue, found the solution required drastic action that they themselves must take that action, The Village of Mackay had set that example by refusing political organizers a hearing and drove their speakers from their community.

When parties who came to Pahsamaroi Valley were put under quarantine and then refused to live up to the requirements of the law, were going through the valley at will with the possible chance of spreading the contagious desease [sic] with a total disregard for Officials the law and the lives of their fellow citizens, the residents took prompt action, and the quarantine breakers were required to go into quarantine or leave the valley, they decided on the latter couse [sic] and the citizens accompanied them to see that this was done, this should be a warning to other transgressors generally.
— —

Pete Fourcade and wife are visiting friends here and enjoying the security of our quarantine.
— —

Bologna Bill Stretched Again

source: The Challis Messenger. (Challis, Idaho), 13 Nov. 1918. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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The Challis Messenger., November 13, 1918, Page 2

Idaho Budget

Dr. J. D. Irwin of Caldwell was seriously injured when his automobile was struck by an interurban car.

source: The Challis Messenger. (Challis, Idaho), 13 Nov. 1918. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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The Challis Messenger., November 13, 1918, Page 5

Items About People You Know

Peter McKinney, of Salmon, after going into quarantine for four days, transacted business here the fore part of the week.

Floyd Carpenter returned to Challis the latter part of last week. He was quarantined for four days at the quarantine station.

Allan Williams returned from Idaho Falls last week. He went through quarantine before coming into town.

Mrs. M. A. Dillingham and children who have been ‘Flu’ sufferers at Salmon are almost completely over the disease and will return home in the course of a couple of weeks.

D. B. Drake has received word from his folks who are in California to the effect that they had had the ‘Flu’ with the exception of little Dorothy, who escaped the disease.

M. A. Brown has been on the sick list the past week.
— —

Sheriff Macbeth of Butte county, was here a short time Tuesday afternoon, serving an injunction on our quarantine officers, restraining them from interfering with or stopping C. V. Hansen from entering the quarantine.

Harry Holden of Idaho Falls, was in conference with a committee of Challis citizens Thursday afternoon. He has been employed as counsel by the local board of health.

Commissioner Hansen came up as far as the Harry Waters ranch this morning. Mr. Hansen stated that he was not intending to come into town and that a quarantine will be established at Mackay.

Clay Vance a representative of the department of justice was allowed to enter town this morning upon permission of the local board of health. Mr. Vance’s official duty was to be present at the canvass of the vote which is taking place today and had nothing whatever to do with the quarantine.

We are fortunate in having an established quarantine for we believe that it alone is responsible for no “Flu” cases in this district.

source: The Challis Messenger. (Challis, Idaho), 13 Nov. 1918. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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The Challis Messenger., November 13, 1918, Page 7

The prevalence of influenza was responsible for a much lighter vote than would have been cast had health conditions throughout the state been normal. Many did not vote because they were confined to their homes with the disease, while others doubtless did not go to the polls because they desired to avoid coming in contact with some who were probably afflicted with the disease.
— —

Bankers’ Meeting Postponed.

New York. – Indefinite postponement on account of influenza in St. Louis of the convention of the Investment Bankers’ Association of America, which was to have been held there this month is announced.

source: The Challis Messenger. (Challis, Idaho), 13 Nov. 1918. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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The Daily Star-Mirror., November 13, 1918, Page 3

City News

Tom Armstrong and wife and three children, who live east of Moscow about six miles, are all ill of influenza.

Mrs. Ethridge, of Viola, formerly Miss Fanny Murphy, is ill of influenza. Her husband and his mother, are also ill of he same disease.

Mrs. Jerry Gelwick and mother, Mrs. E. R. Dewey returned today from Seattle. Mrs. Gelwick has recovered from an attack of influenza. Mr. Gelwick will remain on the coast for the present.

Guy Penwell, whose eyes were badly burned by a premature explosion of gunpowder during Monday’s celebration, is rested easily today. Dr. Carol Smith of Spokane, has stated that unless infection sets in, the sight will be restored.

Elza Griffith, at Camp Eustis, Virginia, is ill of influenza but has not died as was printed by error in yesterday’s paper.

Dr. Carol Smith, who left for Spokane this morning, states that the masks for prevention of influenza are not required now in Spokane.

In order to reduce the stock to a minimum before the quarantine is raised, the Post Exchange at the assay building of the university, will immediately reduce prices on all goods now on hand. …
— —

19181113DSM1-headlineHead of University On Educational Work
President Lindley Makes Statement Concerning S. A. T. C. Status

The question of perhaps greatest importance just now with the S. A. T. C. and the vocational men is the possible effect of the forthcoming peace upon students here in military work.

In an interview with an Argonaut representative, President Lindley says:

“From the first I have believed the plan of vocational training for soldiers was designed by the government to meet the needs of the period of reconstruction as well as the demands of the war. This country has had an insufficient number of men trained in these crafts. The increasing role of machinery in modern life places an increasing premium on such knowledge and skill. What better knowledge could there be for a farmer than a course in general mechanics?

“As to the Collegiate Section, there is much evidence that the United States plans to provide for the education of young soldiers whose school work has been interrupted by the war. It is rumored that the S. A. T. C. is to be established in the American Army in France during the period of further service there and will continue until demobilization.

“It will be remembered that Senator Reed proposed an amendment to the Manpower Bill providing for two years training for all returning soldiers who desire it. Judging from the telegram above quoted, the government realizes a similar obligation to the members of the S. A. T. C. who are now in college. These students entered upon a course of collegiate training for government service. It is hoped and believed that they will be permitted to remain in school long enough to derive a real benefit from the experience.

“Courses of study may be modified to fit the new conditions, but the educational program, I trust, will be carried forward. The man who expects to compete successfully in the new era now dawning will find need for all the training possible. In other words, the man who expects to succeed without scientific training will find himself on the scrap heap.

“This program will not appeal to the men who have no ambition, but those who desire to win promotion and success in the world will appreciate this as a golden opportunity to get ready without expense to themselves for the strenuous days just ahead.”
— —

19181113DSM2Flu Situation Still Demands Caution
Guild Hall No Longer Needed as Hospital – Classes Resume Work

The influenza situations while not quite so encouraging this week as last, is not at present causing undue alarm here. One more death, that of Leland Eddy, of Sandpoint, occurred at 3 o’clock Monday morning.

The admissions for the last few days has shown an increase especially the admissions Friday and Saturday. But the discharges continue, and the hospitals are being emptied of influenza patients.

The guild Hall, which was used for a convalescent hospital, is no longer been closed. [sic]

Classes continue as per schedules. Girls from town are meeting the quarantine restrictions and are moving on to the campus so that they may take up their regular class work.
— —

Princeton Pickings
Many Have Influenza

Mr. Shook’s family are sick with the influenza. Dr. Thompson was called Monday to see Mrs. Shook.

John Lienhart family are all improving, John being the worst.

Mrs. Jock Graves was called to Bovill to see her son, Friday, who has influenza at Dr. Gipson’s hospital. He is improving.

Mrs. C. R. Hawkins has been on the sick list for several weeks, is improving.

source: The Daily Star-Mirror. (Moscow, Idaho), 13 Nov. 1918. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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In Sydney, Australia, nurses leave Blackfriars Depot in Chippenedale during the flu epidemic in April of 1919. NSW State Archives / Tara Majoor

source: Alan Taylor April 10, 2018 “30 Photos of the 1918 Flu Pandemic” The Atlantic
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Nov 14

The Grangeville Globe. November 14, 1918, Page 1

19181114GG1Death Called Mrs. Soltman.
Young Matron Taken by Grim Reaper After Short Illness.

Mrs. William Soltman, aged 25 years and 21 days, passed away at the family residence last Saturday evening after a short illness from pneumonia which followed influenza. Funeral services were conducted in the open air at the residence Monday afternoon at 2 o’clock interment being made at Prairie view cemetery.

Clara Anna Knorr was born October 19, 1893, in Idaho county, Idaho. … On March 16, 1916, she was united in marriage with William J. Soltman. In addition to her husband and two children, Donald Jack, aged twenty months and Christine Clara, aged five months, she is survived by her aged grandfather, D. A. Borcherding, her father, C. B. Knorr, three brothers, Ben, Ed and Walter and five sisters…
— —

News of Close of World War Greeted With Enthusiasm.

On receipt of authentic information that the war had been brought to a close the citizens of Grangeville took a half-holiday and celebrated the event in appropriate style. All business ceased in the afternoon of Monday, the Cowboy band turned out and in addition to rendering patriotic music lead a hastily formed parade around the principal streets. American flags were profusely in evidence and as were also the allied flags.
— —

Influenza About Over.

Very few cases of the “Flu” have come to light since our last publication, and it is confidently believed here that the quarantine can soon safely be lifted. A few cases are confined to the emergency hospital, and all the real serious victims are on the road to recovery.

source: The Grangeville Globe. (Grangeville, Idaho), 14 Nov. 1918. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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The Grangeville Globe. November 14, 1918, Page 3

Nine enlisted men of the navy who volunteered to be inoculated with the serum of Spanish influenza to help medical officers gather specific facts regarding the disease and discover the means of combating it, have been commended by Secretary Daniels. The experiment was conducted during the prevalence of the epidemic in the first naval district, Boston, and the volunteers understood the danger to which they exposed themselves for the benefit of others.

The test indicated that the disease is not due to a filtrated virus, as the results were negative. None of the men inoculated contracted the disease. They were isolated for tend days after their inoculation.
— —

As a measure against the further spread of influenza, war workers in Washington, D. C., are taken to their duty every morning by automobile instead of in crowded street cars. The division of transportation of the governmental emergency commission worked out the plan which, it is estimated, provides for the accommodation of 25,000 of these workers every day in privately owned automobiles that volunteer to “give a life” to the man and women – especially the latter. The danger of traveling in crowded street cars is thus removed for them.
— —

Distribution of 20,000,000 food cards among American housewives will be made by the United States food administration on December 1, instead of October 27, as was originally planned. The spread of influenza and the consequent ban on all manner of public gatherings and activities, including patriotic work, prompted the postponement of the campaign.

The new card will contain no regulations regarding either “wheatless” or “meatless” days, but will urge as a whole the careful saving of all edibles, particularly wheat, meat, fats and sugar. It will be necessary for the United States to send 5,750,000 tons more of foodstuffs to the allies this year than last with an almost staggering total of 17,500,000 tones in the coming year in order that 120,000 000 people of these allied nations sitting at a “common table” with America may have stamina to bring th war to a conclusion if peace is not meantime obtained by Germany’s surrender.

source: The Grangeville Globe. (Grangeville, Idaho), 14 Nov. 1918. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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The Grangeville Globe. November 14, 1918, Page 8

Dr. W. G. Law, D. C., of Vollmer, who has been in the city for the pat two weeks assisting with the influenza cases, will return to his home on tomorrow morning’s train. The doctor assisted in some of the most stubborn cases in this community.

Al White of the Bradbury Cigar store, is able to be about his room in the Imperial hotel since he received a setback after combating the “Flu.” He has been a very sick man for quite a spell and his friends will be pleased to see him about again.

Dr. Scallon is still confined to his home from the effects of his recent attack of influenza. An abscess formed in the doctor’s ear and he has been having considerable trouble with that member. He expects to be able to attend to his practice shortly, however.

source: The Grangeville Globe. (Grangeville, Idaho), 14 Nov. 1918. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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The Wallace Miner. November 14, 1918, Page 1

Big Zinc Producer To Increase Output

Men are being put on at the Interstate-Callahan mine as rapidly as they can be obtained, and mine production has been resumed after a suspension of several months, during which period development work was continued steadily, resulting in large additions to the known ore reserves. It will of course require considerable time to secure an adequate force underground, the difficulty due to the general labor shortages being intensified by the epidemic of influenza. …

source: The Wallace Miner. (Wallace, Idaho), 14 Nov. 1918. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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Lincoln County Times., November 14, 1918, Page 1

Now that the fighting is over, the election is over, and the influenza is fast spending its force, we shall have time to give our earnest thought to bettering our farming here on the North Side. We have got to do it to maintain the value of our properties. …
— —

J. F. Sorrels Passes Away.

On last Friday night, in the temporary hospital established in the Eagles Hall, occurred the death of J. F. Sorrels from pneumonia following an attack of influenza. The unfortunate gentleman was sick but a few days and although all possible was done for his recovery, it was not so to be and he answered the call of the grim reaper.

Mr. Sorrels was among the early settlers in Jerome, coming here with his family at an early date to establish his home, and was quite well known over the tract.

The deceased leaves a wife and three sons, the youngest being only 18 months old, who will morning the loss of an affectionate father and husband.

The funeral was held Saturday with interment at Jerome cemetery.

source: Lincoln County Times. (Jerome, Idaho), 14 Nov. 1918. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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Lincoln County Times., November 14, 1918, Page 4


The Humphrey homes have been under quarantine the past week. C. H. Humphrey has nearly recovered from influenza, but L. C. Humphrey is still quite sick.

Election passed off with little excitement. A good many voters stayed at home. Booths were placed outside the school house and votes passed in to the judges through the windows. L. C. Humphrey was elected justice of peace and C. H. Smith constable for the third term.

Wm. Sparks’ children were sick last week and placed under quarantine which was lifted Friday.
— —

Eldorado Heights

The Stevens and Fuliner families have all been sick with grippe, but are improving at present.

Reginald Bingham has been ill with Spanish influenza for the past three weeks in the hospital at Vancouver, B. C. The latest report is to the effect that he is able to be around again.

The two Lovingood families have ha a siege of influenza. All are improving.

D. Oliver Brown and family are also on the influenza list. They are much improved at present.
— —

Gooding College Notes.

According to the report of President Charles Wesley Tenney, Gooding College will start a number of practical courses for the benefit of those who have not been able to begin school before on account of sickness or of work at home. These courses will commence about Dec. 1 or as soon as the quarantine is raised and will include bookkeeping, shorthand, typewriting, spelling, penmanship, practical English and commercial arithmetic – just the subjects and just the methods for the young men and young women who are somewhat out of touch with regular school conditions and who wish to do as much as possible during the winter months.

source: Lincoln County Times. (Jerome, Idaho), 14 Nov. 1918. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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Lincoln County Times., November 14, 1918, Page 5

Teachers’ Examination Postponed

By order of the State Superintendent of Public Instruction, the teachers’ examination set for Nov. 21, 22 and 23 has been indefinitely postponed. Notice of new dates for holding the examinations will be published later.

Stella Cook, County Superintendent.
— —

Rolland McGuire.

On last Sunday evening at the home of his sister, Mrs. A. Newell in Arcadia Valley, occurred the death of Rolland McGuire, who was a victim of pneumonia. The young man was only 17 years of age and had made his home with his sister since coming to Jerome. The funeral was held Monday with services and interment at Jerome cemetery.
— —

Death of Wm. F. Crowder

On last Monday morning, at the local hospital established in the Eagles Hall occurred the death of William F. Crowder of Boise Ida., from the effect of Spanish influenza, which rapidly developed into pneumonia.

The young man was only 32 years of age and came to Jerome a short time ago where he was engaged with one of the ditch crews on the canal work. …
— —

Mrs. A. Newell.

The little community of Arcadia Valley was saddened on last Monday evening, when the death of Mrs. A. Newell was announced from her home on that day.

This little family have all been the victims of the flu, seven of them being down at one time, resulting in the death of Mrs. Newell and her brother, Rolland McGuire.

The deceased leaves five children, the youngest being only five days old, and the sympathy of the community is extended to these children who are called upon to our the death of a dear parent and one to guide their little footsteps through the pathways of their young life. …
— —

A Promising Career Ended.

On last Sunday morning deep gloom was again cast over our little community when the word was passed out that H. D. Maclear had passed to the great beyond.

Little Mac, as he was more familiarly known among his friends, was stricken about two weeks ago with influenza, which rapidly developed into pneumonia, and although the brave young man put up a most remarkable fight he was unable to withstand the ravages of the disease and answered the final call at noon on Sunday last. …

Harold D,. Maclear was born at Evanston, Ill., on Nov 13th. 1888, making him 30 years of age at the time of his death lacking 3 days. He as untied in marriage about four years ago to Miss Violet Boone of Twin Falls, who , with a little son, Billie of three tender year, is left to mourn the passing of an affectionate father and husband. …
— —

The Local Flu Situation.

Several new cases of flu have developed in Jerome and vicinity during the past week, none of a serious nature, however, and with another doctor in the field temporarily, and some of the nurses relieved from other cases, it is to be hoped that the disease can be brought under control in our midst.

Due precaution is urged on everyone to assist the local officers in their endeavor to stop the epidemic by keeping a strict quarantine and to avoid congregating in any great numbers.
— —


In Memory of Mrs. Stella M. Lawshe

That dread disease,
Sweeping o’er our land,
Has stopped in Jerome
And laid a hand
On one of our young folk, so dear.

A girl in our midst
For over ten years;
We learned to love her,
To comfort her fears
And to share her joys and sorrows.

Though ’tis hard to give
A chum of so long,
Friendly at all times;
We part with a song
In our heart and a tear in our eye.

The tear is there for sorrow,
Yet, through the heart’s pain,
Comes a thought of “Tomorrow”
Fore we’ll meet again
Beyond those Shining Gates.

There is little more to say,
And not much else to do,
But give our lives to God
‘Till He summons us too,
To dwell in the land
Where we live anew.

– By a Friend and Schoolmate, H. A. R.

source: Lincoln County Times. (Jerome, Idaho), 14 Nov. 1918. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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Payette Enterprise., November 14, 1918, Page 1

Personal and Local Mention

Dr. J. C. Woodward was called to Nyssa Sunday evening to attend several cases of Spanish influenza, and on Monday was called to Council to administer to a family who were al very bad with the same disease.

The local Draft Board has received word from the war department to discontinue inducting men for service, but to continue classifying and examining until further notice. men who were enroute to training camps were returned to their homes.

Grace Bowman, who recently came from Crane, Oregon, where she has been rendering valuable service in caring for the sick after the closing of the schools, has received her transportation and will leave today for New York city and from there will go to France where she will act as reconstruction nurse.

Mrs. and Mrs. T. O Mead arrived in Payette a few days ago from La Grande where they are employed as operators of a picture show which closed on account of influenza. After remaining in quarantine four days at the Blair home they received a telegram to return to La Grande as the quarantine had been lifted and the show allowed to run. This would indicate the epidemic had been stamped out at that place.

source: Payette Enterprise. (Payette, Canyon Co., Idaho), 14 Nov. 1918. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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Payette Enterprise., November 14, 1918, Page 5

North Payette

The United War Work Campaign is on this week and every one is eager to give to the limit to help our boys in the Camps here and over there.

Word came last Saturday that Denver Nichols was critically ill with influenza. Before the night the news of his death arrived. Denver had been in Camp Rosecrans about two weeks. He leaves a wife to mourn his loss.

source: Payette Enterprise. (Payette, Canyon Co., Idaho), 14 Nov. 1918. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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The Emmett Index. November 14, 1918, Page 1

Victory Celebrated With Glee
Emmett Citizens Turn Out En Masse to Rejoice in Allied Triumph.

The anxiously awaited news, officially confirmed, of the armistice, was announced to this community about 2 o’clock Monday morning, by the continuous blowing of the Mill whistle, and many a sleeping citizen wakened more readily than ever before in his life. Many sprang from their beds and with hasty and abbreviated preparations hurried to join in an impromptu celebration. Guns were fired and several energetic autoists honked out their elation. One car, bearing a bugler, made the rounds, sounding out the reveille, beautiful in the crisp morning air. Those in authority, however thought best to defer the real celebration until 2 p. m. that no one might miss the opportunity of arranging affairs to spend the rest of the day care-free.

Accordingly, in the meantime, floats were being prepared, flags and bunting flamed out from every available place and at 2 o’clock crowds of joyous people lined the streets eager to help celebrate the gladdest hour the modern world has experienced. The weather was ideal and the procession of gala cars, encircling a space of about nine blocks in the center of town emanated a deeper and keener appreciation of the good news than before, and the joyous mingling of band, honking and screaming of autos, shouting, ringing of bells and beating of any noisy instrument available, sent gladdest echoes sounding through out the valley and re-echoing from the hills. …
— —

The “Flu” Claims Four.
Ralph Vanderdasson and Baby Succumb – Also Son of Dan Nielson

On Tuesday, James Vanderdasson received a message stating that the family of his son Ralph, whose home is on Smiths Prairie, had been stricken with influenza while en route to Emmett. Mr. and Mrs. Vanderdasson and Tom Davidson, a brother of Mrs. Ralph Vanderdasson, left at once to attend them. This message was soon followed by another urging them to make haste; that the baby had died and the father was steadily growing worse, with almost no hope of recovery. Ralph lived, however, until after the arrival of his parents, but soon passed away. The father and babe were buried there yesterday, and the mother is reported better. We are informed that they are being cared for at a ranger’s station where they had been forced by illness to discontinue their journey. The sympathy of the community will go out to the family and the young woman so sadly bereaved.
— —

Theodore Neilson.

Theodore Neilson, who suffered a relapse and pneumonia following influenza, passed away Wednesday morning. He leaves a wife and child about two years of age, and other relatives. His father, Dan Neilson, brother-in-law, Ray Castle from Boise and family came down from Sweet, and uncle Andrew Neilson from Nampa were here to attend the funeral which was held this afternoon.
— —

Thomas Hayes.

Thomas Hayes, the young man who was reported seriously ill last week, died Saturday evening of influenza. He was 17 years old. Undertaker Bucknum took the body overland to Jordan Valley, Ore., to the home of an uncle with whom the young man had made his home for several years. Interment was made Tuesday.
— —

Two Kessler Boys.

Word has been received by friends of the death of William Kessler, Oct. 21, and Nickolas Kessler, Oct. 23 from influenza at their home in Spaulding, Neb. They were sons of the late Peter Kessler and residents of Emmett until about three years ago.
— —

Calls Are Cancelled.

Judge Sutton has received instructions from the War Department to stop the classification of all men over 36 years, and proceed with the classification of all others. All calls have been cancelled.

source: The Emmett Index. (Emmett, Idaho), 14 Nov. 1918. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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The Emmett Index. November 14, 1918, Page 2

Tales of Town

The influenza mask is a good tobacco cure, if it is worth nothing else.

According to our calculation, the proper amount of sugar to use is just not so much as you want.
— —

The War Is Won!

The kaiser wore a worried frown,
His under lip he bit.
And moaned: “Mine Gott in Himmel!
Do your women always knit?
No matter what, in rain or storm,
Your boys are always fit,
Because they’re warm in garments
Your women folk have knit;
Mine Gott, Yanks, I quit;
I can’t compete with armies
Whose women always knit.”

source: The Emmett Index. (Emmett, Idaho), 14 Nov. 1918. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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The Emmett Index. November 14, 1918, Page 4

News Of Soldiers

Mrs. Frank Knox this week received word from Portland that her son, Arnold Thommen, engaged in shipbuilding there, is quite ill with appendicitis and the Flu.

Word received this week from Joe Middleton and Ralph Skinner, who are in the special service branch of the army at Moscow, says that the former has been dismissed from the hospital and the latter is in the convalescent ward. Ralph was a very sick boy for three weeks, but though weak, is on the road to recovery. Both of them had influenza. Marion Knox, who accompanied them from here, has been so fortunate as to escape the epidemic.

source: The Emmett Index. (Emmett, Idaho), 14 Nov. 1918. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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The Emmett Index. November 14, 1918, Page 8


Mrs Pell Johnson was sick in bed with what appeared to be grip last week. She has fully recovered now.

Ralph Vanderdassen lost his baby the other day from Spanish influenza and his wife is very ill. They started out of Smith’s Prairie and were obliged to stop at a ranger station where the baby died.

source: The Emmett Index. (Emmett, Idaho), 14 Nov. 1918. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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Idaho County Free Press. November 14, 1918, Page 1

Grangeville In Celebration Over Signing of Armistice

Grangeville on Monday celebrated Germany’s signing of the armistice by a half-holiday in the afternoon. Stores were closed and business generally was adjourned, while townspeople congregated on Main street. After the Cowboy band had rendered several patriotic selections from the pavilion at the foot of the flag pole, a parade was formed, and headed by the band and followed by men, women and children in serpentine style passed up one side of the street and down the other. Later anvils were placed in the street and powder blasts set off.

The crowd, however was not nearly so enthusiastic in its demonstrations as it was two weeks previous, when word was received that Germany had accepted President Wilson’s peace principles, recognized as the beginning of the end. It seems that most of the crowd’s enthusiasm was spent at that time.

Grangeville did not celebrate the premature armistice report, circulated over the country Thursday of last week.
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Girl Dies At Cottonwood
Miss Myrtle Rhett, Aged 18, Succumbs to Influenza.

Miss Myrtle Rhett, 18 years old, died Sunday morning in her home in Cottonwood from Spanish influenza. She was teaching school in Clearwater when taken ill, and later was removed to her home. Surviving her are her mother, Mrs. Olive Rhett and two brothers, Chester, in the U. S. navy, and Wallace, at home. Funeral services were held Monday in Cottonwood, with burial in the cemetery there. A. J. Maugg of Grangeville was called to Cottonwood to assist.
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Edw. Steinbach Is Laid Away With Honors
Grangeville Soldier Who Died From Spanish Influenza Buried.
Services at the Grave
Rev. Fr. Phelan Delivers Funeral Sermon in Prairie View Cemetery.

A military funeral was held in Grangeville Wednesday afternoon for Edward Steinbach, Grangeville soldier, who died on November 5, from Spanish influenza, at Camp Rosencrans, Cal. The body arrived in Grangeville Tuesday evening.

The funeral procession, headed by the Grangeville Cowboy band, which played a funeral march, left the Maugg parlor and passed through Main street to Prairie view cemetery. The soldier’s coffin was draped by a large American flag. While the procession passed, and until burial was completed, the municipal flag was flown at half mast. …

source: Idaho County Free Press. (Grangeville, Idaho Territory), 14 Nov. 1918. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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Idaho County Free Press. November 14, 1918, Page 8

Local News In Brief

Gay Eimers to Return

Gaylord Eimers, son of Mr. and Mrs. John P. Eimers, will shortly be given an honorable discharge from the army, because of physical disability, it is said. Gaylord enlisted last spring, and recently has been in camp in Kentucky. He suffered an attack of Spanish influenza, followed by complications from which he has not recovered.

Dr. P. J. Scallon, who has been confined to his home for the last three weeks by [influenza and] and abscess in the inner left ear, has sufficiently recovered that he is dressed and able to be about the house, but he has not yet ventured outdoors. Dr. Scallon, while in bed, prescribed to a number of patients over the telephone.
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Miss Florence Murray is again at work in the county auditor’s office, after having been ill with influenza.

The Rev. Fr. Phelan is able to be out, following a severe attack of Spanish influenza.

W. A. Lidquist, claim agent for the Camas Prairie Railroad company is suffering from Spanish influenza. He is in the Grangeville hospital.

Miss Dorothy Barker has recovered from an attack of Spanish influenza, and again is at her post as manager of the local Western Union office.
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Word was received here Tuesday of death of Earnest Gunter in Montana from influenza. The body will be sent here for burial. Mr. and Mrs. Ike Gunter, parents of the young man, will come from Lewiston to attend the funeral.
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Epidemic Now Is Subsiding
Only One Death During Week, and Few New Cases.

The epidemic of Spanish influenza, which has held Grangeville and vicinity in its grip for almost a month, is rapidly subsiding. But one death occurred here during the week, that of Mrs. William Soltman. Some new cases have developed, but none is pronounced to be serious. No definite action has as yet been taken towards opening schools, churches and theaters and other places of public gathering.
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Miss Hazel Calhoun Ill.

Miss Hazel Calhoun, trained nurse, is reported to be seriously ill with Spanish influenza. She is in Cottonwood. Miss Calhoun formerly resided in Grangeville.

source: Idaho County Free Press. (Grangeville, Idaho Territory), 14 Nov. 1918. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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The Daily Star-Mirror., November 14, 1918, Page 3

City News

O. A. Giles of Elk River is ill of influenza at Eureka, Mont.

Mr. and Mrs. W. L. Rambo went to Lewiston last evening to take care of their son, Lawrence, 16 years of age, who is a recent victim of influenza.

Miss Inez Graham, who has been ill of influenza, is improving rapidly.

Mr. and Mrs. Sam L. Silvey have received the sad news of the death of their daughter, Mrs. Mae Platz, of influenza, at Bigger, Canada. Mrs. Platz was well known here having been born 28 years ago near Viola, and living in Latah county most of her life. She leaves a husband and two small children.

Miss Judith Olsen and Miss Anna Sund, students of the university, returned today from their homes at Sandpoint, where they have been during the quarantine.

Mrs. Geo. H. Savage returned last evening from Pullman, leaving her daughter Helen improving slowly. Mrs. Savage was called home by the sickness of little Margery Griffith, who makes her home with Mrs. Savage.

Miss La Vern Savage went to Pullman to take care of her sister, Miss Helen Savage, who is ill of influenza.

Miss Alice Johnson, who is a nurse of the Sacred Heart hospital of Spokane, is home, while convalescing from an attack of influenza, to visit her parents, Mr. and Mrs. S. J. Johnson, who live near the university. A son, S. E. Johnson, who is also recovering from a similar attack, returned today from Portland, where he haws been working in the shipyards.

Mr. and Mrs. F. A. Clark have returned to Moscow after two weeks spent at the home of their son, Clyde who, with his wife, has been very sick with influenza, following by pneumonia. Clyde’s condition was so bad that for three days it was feared he would not recover. Both of the young people are doing much better and are regarded as out of danger. They are living on F. A. Clark’s farm in Clinton precinct, west of Moscow, on the Washington side of the state line.
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Moscow Ministers Hold A Meeting
Decide to Make No Protest Against Quarantine Rules of Health Board

The ministerial association discussed the quarantine question on Tuesday. Some restlessness was evident but the association resolved to abide by the regulations resolved to abide by the regulations without protest, feeling that the state authorities might be trusted to raise the quarantine at the earliest moment. The question at issue was, wither the state would be dealt with en masse and those places which had stamped the epidemic out by careful and self-sacrificive efforts be obliged to wait until more careless or less fortunate places had reached the safety line. A resolution was forwarded to the state authorities asking that whenever the quarantine be lifted, they would consider the week as commencing with Sunday rather than Monday and so enable the churches, whose week commences on Sunday, to hold services at the earliest possible moment. Sympathy was expressed for these businesses upon which the burden of the quarantine was falling very heavily. Special mention was made of the Creekmur College which has been put out of business and it was questioned whether the holding of its classes could be considered more dangerous than the holding of store sales.

And admirable paper was read by Rev. H. O. Perry on the “Theology of the Social Consciousness,” and the discussion following showed that the ministers were vitally interested in the social aspects of religion.

Mr. Chancy, the new “Y” secretary met with the ministers and arrangements were made for the co-operation of the Y. M. C. A. and the churches. As soon as quarantine is lifted classes for bible and religious study will be opened under the direction of the leading men in town and university and in connection with each church.

Details of the union Thanksgiving service will be published next week.
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Heart Failure Not Influenza Caused Death

It was heart failure, not influenza that caused the death of William Howe, S. A. T. C. man from Laramie, Wyoming, yesterday. The young man had been in usual health the day prior to his death and was working with the other men. He complained of partial blindness and trouble with his heart Tuesday evening and was taken to the hospital and died Wednesday morning. This reduced the number of deaths from influenza in the S. A. T. C. ranks, by one, from the published report.

source: The Daily Star-Mirror. (Moscow, Idaho), 14 Nov. 1918. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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The Nezperce Herald., November 14, 1918, Page 5

Local and Personal News Notes

Lost – from Nezperce hospital, heavy plush lap robe; borrowed to bring a sick person to the hospital. please return to Henry Sullivan.

Paul Frank, janitor at the Union State Bank building, went to Lewiston yesterday to take a treatment for the after effects of a severe influenza attack.

Borrowed from Nezperce Hotel during flue epidemic, tray and dishes. Any one finding surplus in their equipment will confer a favor by returning it.

John Conger, received a message Monday that the Washington University at Seattle had lifted its flu quarantine and would reopen Wednesday. He departed Tuesday to renew his studies there.

Among the other donations of food to the hospital during the influenza epidemic here, were several consignments of bread from our erstwhile big hearted bakeryman, Bert Lomax, who is new successfully engaged in the bakery business at Orofino. Nezperce thanks you very much, Bert.

In a letter, with remittance for another year’s subscription, “Jimmy” Kennedy says he will not move to his ranch near Nezperce till spring on account of so much sickness (presumably referring to flu epidemic here), but he will put in a crop here in the spring. In the meantime he is hold down a job at Morton, Idaho.

Adjutant General C. C. Moody departed last night for Boise. He was accompanied by Mrs. E. A. Chaney, clerk in the adjutant’s office at Boise, who has been at Nezperce adjusting records of the war registration there, which during the illness of County Auditor White, and influenza epidemic, had not been kept up to date.

– Lewiston Tribune.
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source: The Nezperce Herald. (Nezperce, Idaho), 14 Nov. 1918. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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Further Reading:

It Came Without Warning

By Shelley Kuther Nov 21, 2018

It Came Without Warning is the title of a new book researched and compiled by the Ilo-Vollmer Historical Society in Craigmont. It details the 1918 Spanish flu epidemic and how it touched the lives of those in Lewis County, Idaho, resulting in 65 flu deaths in six months.

This book was undertaken as a 100-year remembrance of the 1918 Spanish flu pandemic, which is said to have killed more people in the United States than died fighting during World War I.

It left a giant footprint in Lewis County, with Nezperce having the highest death toll followed by the Ilo and Vollmer areas.

Using newspaper accounts, death certificates, and documented recollections, the book follows the virus through the months of October 1918 till the end of March 1919, as it sickened a rural population caught unaware with no good means to fight it.

Records indicate that people didn’t necessarily die from influenza but rather from the pneumonia which followed. It was mostly the young, healthy adults who contracted the flu, possibly because they had jobs, chores, or family obligations that kept them from heeding the advice of the medical profession to “go to bed and stay there.”

Thinking about an illness with the power to cause so many people to become ill and many of those stricken to die led to thoughts of how this disease affected the people of this region.

Who were the victims beyond a statistic in the count? What effects, other than the loss of life, did this widespread event have in our small communities and rural areas?

The members of the historical society have compiled information that provides some answers to those questions. Copies of the book may be ordered from The Ilo-Vollmer Historical Society, Box 61, Craigmont, Idaho 83523. For information contact emleachman @ 208-924-5498.

source: Clearwater Tribune

[h/t Constance Reed Pentzer]
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Alaska Native children from the remote village of Nushagak survived the 1918–1919 influenza pandemic. Most of their parents and grandparents died of the virus, likely because they had not been exposed to an earlier H1-like influenza virus as a result of their geographic isolation. Photo courtesy of Alaska State Library

source: PBS
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Have Americans forgotten the history of this deadly flu?

Nov 16, 2018 PBS

In autumn of 1918, the largest military offensive in American history was raging on Europe’s Western Front. The battle concluded on Nov. 11, 1918, when the Armistice with Germany was signed, ending what was known as the Great War.

But more U.S. soldiers died of disease (63,114), primarily from the Spanish flu, than in combat (53,402).

Overall, 675,000 Americans were killed by the Spanish flu. This number surpasses the total of U.S. soldiers killed in World War I, World War II, the Korean War and Vietnam War combined. Current day estimates put the death toll from the 1918-1919 outbreak of the Spanish flu between 80 to 100 million worldwide.

This “twin catastrophe” was not coincidental, author Kenneth C. Davis writes in his book, “More Deadly Than War: The Hidden History of the Spanish Flu and the First World War.

“Refugees crowding cities, malnutrition, and shortages of doctors, nurses, and effective medications all contributed to the pandemic’s rapid spread and high rates of death,” Davis writes. “But it was the movement of troops — with men crowded together in barracks, tents, and trenches and jammed onto railroad trains and ocean-going troop transports — that was most responsible for the spread of the Spanish flu.”

continued: PBS

Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 1)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 2)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 3)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 4)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 5)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 6)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 7)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 8)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 9)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 10)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 11)