Idaho History Aug 9, 2020

Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic

Part 17

Idaho Newspaper clippings December 6-9, 1918

Idaho Hospital photo post cards courtesy of the Mike Fritz Collection at History of Idaho source

Hospital, Moscow, Idaho ca. 1922


courtesy: The Mike Fritz Collection, History of Idaho
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December 6

The Rathdrum Tribune., December 06, 1918, Page 1


Idaho State News Items.

Parents in Boise have been officially assured that “no child or teacher will be permitted to attend school who has any symptoms of influenza. A cold, sore throat, a cough or indications of fever, will be sufficient to demand that the child or teacher remain out until well, or all danger of contagion is passed.”
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From Over The County

Post Falls

There are still a few cases of influenza.

Miss Bessie A. Green, age 23, died of influenza at Post Falls, Sunday. She taught school at Cataldo.
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Several new cases of influenza appeared last week.
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Spirit Lake

Burton Kennedy, seriously ill for a month, had to be taken to a hospital in Spokane.
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Coeur D’Alene

The federal court convenes December 9, Judge Deitrich presiding. A grand jury has been called.

source: The Rathdrum Tribune. (Rathdrum, Idaho), 06 Dec. 1918. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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The Rathdrum Tribune., December 06, 1918, Page 2

The people must not relax their efforts to suppress the “flu.” Watch for the slightest warning and play safe.
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Stricter Flu Regulations.

At a special meeting Wednesday evening the village trustees adopted a resolution to quarantine houses in which influenza cases are found to exist, by taking up a large card and requiring the inmates to remain at home until given written permission by the health officer to leave the premises. —
— —

Woods Worker Flu Victim.

Verne McKinley, a laborer employed in a logging camp at the head of Twin lakes, about ten miles from Rathdrum, died there last Friday from influenza. He was about 30 years of age. The body was brought to Rathdrum Sunday and held at O. W. Stone’s undertaking rooms pending arrival of the father from South Dakota. …

A number of cases of influenza have been reported at the camp since two weeks ago.
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Death of Kenneth Crabtree.

The first death in Rathdrum due to influenza, during the present epidemic, occurred last Saturday, Nov. 30, when Kenneth W., the little son of Mr. and Mrs. James D. Crabtree, succumbed to the disease. The child was two years, 10 months, 17 days old. Interment was made Sunday. Both parents were reported ill with the influenza at the time death entered their home, but both are now convalescent.

source: The Rathdrum Tribune. (Rathdrum, Idaho), 06 Dec. 1918. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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The Rathdrum Tribune., December 06, 1918, Page 3

Personal Mention.

S. T. Farr is home from Spokane, ill with influenza.

Miss Julia Steele reports the Hauser Lake school still closed on account of the influenza.

L. P. Trueblood was in from the Rimrock yesterday. He reports there have been a few cases of flue in that vicinity.

Miss Dorothea Wenz, who had resumed teaching at Spirit Lake recently, came home this week on account of influenza.
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Local Paragraphs.

There will be no school next week in Rathdrum, according to the local school board. It is possible that the school will start Dec. 16.

After one week of freedom from restrictions, the influenza emergency ordinance in Rathdrum was put back into force again last Saturday evening, restoring the ban on church services, lodge meetings and public gatherings in general. The action was taken because of the sudden appearance of eight or ten new cases of influenza in the neighborhood.

source: The Rathdrum Tribune. (Rathdrum, Idaho), 06 Dec. 1918. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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The Rathdrum Tribune., December 06, 1918, Page 4

The alarming increase of influenza in Spokane since Thanksgiving is believed to be due largely to the three-day peace celebration which closed last Saturday.
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source: The Rathdrum Tribune. (Rathdrum, Idaho), 06 Dec. 1918. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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New Hospital, Wardner, Idaho ca. 1908


courtesy: The Mike Fritz Collection, History of Idaho
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The Daily Star-Mirror., December 06, 1918, Page 1


Close School Till Dec. 30

There will be no school in Moscow before December 30. The public schools will open on that date, if conditions are favorable and there will be no holiday for New Year’s day. This is the decision of the school board reached at a special meeting this afternoon. The action was taken on the advice of physicians who deem it inadvisable and unsafe to open the schools before that time.

At this meeting it was disclosed that 11 new cases of influenza have developed in Moscow this week, although but six of them had been reported to Dr. Adair, city health officer, and that most of these are in families whose children would be in school if there were school. With deaths in the United States from influenza having passed the 300,000 mark, it was thought best to keep the schools closed. Another meeting of the board will be held tomorrow to try to arrange a correspondence course for senior students of the high school during the quarantine.
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Influenza Costs United States More Than The War

A report just issued by the government shows that between 300,000 and 350,000 deaths have occurred in the United States as a direct result of pneumonia. This is between six and seven times as many deaths as were reported among the great army of more than three and a half million men, the total death list in the army, from disease, wounds, accident and battle was 53,169. The following reports show the seriousness of the epidemic:

Washington. — (By Associated Press.) — Between 300,000 and 350,000 deaths from influenza and pneumonia have occurred among the civilian population of the United States since September 15, according to estimates today of the public health service. These calculations were base on reports from cities and states keeping accurate records and health officials believe they are conservative.

The epidemic persists, but deaths are much less numerous, according to reports reaching here.

Insurance companies have been hard hit by the epidemic, government reports indicate, although there are no figures available to show total losses sustained by the companies. The government incurred liabilities of more than $170,000,000 in connection with life insurance carried by soldiers in army camps, not including those in Europe. About 20,000 deaths occurred in the camps in the United States, war department records show.

Military Reserves Quarantined.

San Francisco. — Four military reservations were placed under quarantine tonight as the result of an increase in the number of new cases of influenza. The increase, according to medical authorities, is due to the recent arrival of large bodies of troops.

Spokane. — Three hundred and sixty-two new cases of Spanish influenza, fourteen new pneumonia cases and eight deaths were reported here tonight. The health authorities tomorrow morning will discuss the advisability of replacing the ban which prevailed for six wees until it was lifted two weeks ago.

Seattle Must Lay Quarantine.

Seattle. — Spanish influenza was today made a quarantinable disease when the city council passed an emergency measure asked by the health authorities. Today there were 422 new cases of influenza reported, and seven deaths.

Revival in Chicago.

Chicago. — Four hundred and four new cases of influenza and 89 of pneumonia, with 39 deaths from both diseases, were reported in Chicago today. This was nearly double the number reported yesterday.

State University Closes.

Columbia, Mo. — The University of Missouri tomorrow will close until the first part of January on account of the influenza epidemic. Dr. James Jones of the university faculty announced tonight.
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Flu is Bad in Samoa Islands

London. – Six thousand deaths from Spanish influenza have occurred at Samoa, according to a Melbourne, (Australia) dispatch to the Exchange Telegraph company.

source: The Daily Star-Mirror. (Moscow, Idaho), 06 Dec. 1918. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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The Daily Star-Mirror., December 06, 1918, Page 2


The Influenza Epidemic.

We have read and shuddered at the death list from the battlefields of Europe, and have regarded war as the most horrible things that could afflict any country. In 18 months the United States lost, in killed, died of wounds, died of accident and died of disease, about 53,000 men. The loss seems appalling and we shudder at the thought.

Yet this loss is very insignificant when compared with that caused by the influenza in a few short weeks. Within the borders of the United States alone between 300,00 and 350,000 persons have already died and the scourge is still raging, being worse now than ever, in many localities. There is grave danger that half a million lives will have been lost by the time the epidemic is wiped out in the United States.

Up to this time the losses in dead, alone, from this disease is much greater than the entire loss to our great armies in killed, wounded, missing and died of disease. The total for these casualties is placed at 262,700, and the death list from influenza now exceeds 300,000.

In South Africa, alone, a thinly populated district, more than 50,000 persons have died from influenza, or almost as many as were lost by the American armies in the great world war, and the “end is not yet” in that country, where the disease has not been placed under control up to this time.

We rebel when asked to take precautions. If an invading army were about to attack Moscow with shot and shell the people would not rebel if a messenger were to come with a warning and advise them to seek shelter from the dangers that were about to overtake them. Yet we are confronted with a greater danger today and we are prone to treat it as of no consequence and to regard the warning of health officers and the restrictions placed up on our little pleasures, as not necessary or as interfering with our “personal liberty.”

The suggestion has been made (and we believe it is a good one) that every home where the influenza is known to be should be placarded with a warning sign. It is believed that the disease has been spread in Moscow and lives have been sacrificed because of the lack of this. Men have gone into homes where the disease was located without knowing it. They went there on business, were exposed, carried the disease home to their families and death has resulted.

Members of families with the disease have gone to public meetings, have gone direct from the sick rooms to stores, theaters and others places and mingled with crowds and there is little doubt the disease has spread in this way. When we stop to think that this disease has already cost the United States in lives almost seven times as much as the war, we ought to begin to regard the matter as of enough importance to take precautions against its further spread.

source: The Daily Star-Mirror. (Moscow, Idaho), 06 Dec. 1918. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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The Daily Star-Mirror., December 06, 1918, Page 3

City News

Mrs. C. A. Watkins, who is spending the winter with her daughter, Mrs. Robert Pfeil at Wallace, is just recovering from a severe attack of influenza. Mr. Pfeil is also a victim of the influenza.

Mrs. W. H. Connor has returned from Colfax, where she left her daughter, Mrs. Smithson, slowly recovering from the influenza.

Frank Clark is very seriously ill with a complication of diseases at his home on Lewis street.

J. A. Sudderth is ill again at his home. The disease is influenza.

Hans Miller, night clerk at the Pastime, is sick with influenza.

Mrs. Lizzie Ainsley was called to Spokane today to care for her daughter, Miss Ellen, who is ill with influenza. Miss Ellen has been attending business college in Spokane.

Miss Anna Youngs, one of the Moscow teachers, is able to be out again, since having an attack of influenza.
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Six New Influenza Cases.

Only six new cases of influenza this week are reported by Dr. W. A. Adair. None were reported Monday or Tuesday, four were reported Wednesday and two were reported Thursday. All are mild. Dr. Adair feels greatly encouraged over the situation but insists that vigilance be not relaxed and that all of the suggestions of the health board be closely followed.
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The schools of Grangeville had expected to open last Monday but on account of new cases of influenza the opening will be postponed at least two weeks.
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Flu Bad at Uniontown.

It is reported that there are a large number of influenza cases at Uniontown, and the ban is on again. School has been closed, moving picture shows closed and private homes, where there is illness from this cause, are practically being quarantined. The spread is said to be due to the opening of public places and probably as much as any other to the fast that many persons visited other towns, Lewiston and Spokane to attend peace celebrations.
— Genessee News

source: The Daily Star-Mirror. (Moscow, Idaho), 06 Dec. 1918. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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Shoshone County Hospital, near Wallace, Silverton, Idaho


courtesy: The Mike Fritz Collection, History of Idaho
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The Oakley Herald. December 06, 1918, Page 1


Locals and Personals.

Burley schools reopened Monday with a fair attendance.

Mrs. S. A. Pickett, who is visiting at the home of her daughter, Mrs. Walter Southworth, is able to be out again after an attack of influenza.

All the Cassia Academy students are back to school again after the influenza quarantine. School will be held Saturdays in order to make up the work. The students are taking great interest in military drilling – the boys drill every Tuesday and Thursday and the girls drill every Wednesday and Friday.
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Local Schools Reopen

The public school is again in session after six weeks’ intermission caused by the epidemic of influenza passing through the country, and the students are taking hold of their work with a determination to make up for lost time. There is a good attendance except in the lower departments, where about 50 percent are present.

Judging from the energy manifested in their work the students are glad to get back in school.
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School opened here last week.
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Elmer Read is sick with the “flu.”

Wm. Read, Jr. is recovering from an attack of “flu.”

The people of Boulder are indeed very fortunate in securing Miss Elma Barber, a talented and efficient teacher, for their school which opened Nov. 27.

Mrs. Fannie Tolman, who was up from Twin Falls taking care of her brother’s family during their sickness, returned home. Mrs. Darlene Drussell from Burley is now taking care of the sick.

source: The Oakley Herald. (Oakley, Idaho), 06 Dec. 1918. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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Twin Falls Hospital, Twin Falls, Idaho ca. 1912


courtesy: The Mike Fritz Collection, History of Idaho
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American Falls Press. December 06, 1918, Page 1


Lid Is On Tight In American Falls
Business Houses Placed Under Strict Regulations for Ten Day Period in Effort to Overcome the Spread of Influenza.

The lid is on real tight in American Falls until December 16, in an attempt to stamp out the flu. If a strict observance of the regulations fails to accomplish the purpose, or to show material benefits, the other extreme is likely to be employed and everything thrown open.

This is the opinion reflected at the meeting of the city council Wednesday night when the ordinances were passed to put strict regulations into effect.

All business houses are required to close early, and none are to permit more patrons in their establishments at any one time than there are clerks to wait on them.

During the present week there has been a large increase in the number of flu victims. Just how many cases there are is not known, but the situation is believed to be as bad as it has been at any time since the epidemic first made its appearance. Several are sick who show symptoms of the flu, but the cases have not developed far enough to make it certain whether they have the disease or not. The bad cases, as a rule, are being taken to the hospital, and there are four serious cases there now.

It has been decided to postpone the opening of the schools until after the holidays. Churches may be permitted to open earlier, but for the present all indoor and outdoor meetings are under the ban.

The city ordinances were ordered published in both papers, circulars and placards were printed and distributed, and the public is asked to conform to the regulations imposed as strictly as possible.
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Nearly Every Roy Home Has Its Flu Case

Maurice R. Myers and H. R. Wallis, who visited Roy Wednesday, brought back the report that nearly every home in the vicinity of Roy had one or more flue cases. Some entire families are down. Fortunately, there are very few cases that are considered dangerous. R. Keisson is reported to be quite seriously ill, and Mrs. J. D. Lower and daughter, Hazel, are recovering from serious illness.

The situation is as bad, in the opinion of Mr. Myers and Mr. Wallis, so far as the number of cases is concerned, as it was at Rockland when the epidemic was at its height there. But there are fewer who are in a serious condition.

All the Reimans, the families of Mrs. Daniel Reiman, John Reiman and August Reiman, are down, and are being looked after by neighbors. One or two nurses would be very useful there at this time if they can be secured.
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Big Land Sale Cancelled On Account Of The Flu
Board of Health Intervenes at Last Minute – Some Disappointed, Others Pleased, Because Sale was Not Allowed to Be Held.

The sale of approximately eleven thousand acres of state land within Power county, which was advertised for yesterday, was cancelled by order of the city board of health, on account of the danger of spreading the flu. Action was not taken until Wednesday evening, when the city council met and passed ordinances closing everything as tight as possible without shutting up places of business. This action was taken because of the new strangle hold which the flu had gained during the past few days.

W. C. Wiffen, of the state land department, was here ready to hold the sale, and was much disappointed at the action taken. Postponement of the sale will run it over into the next administration, probably until next spring or summer.

There is both joy and dissatisfaction locally, because of the postponement. Some who had come to the sale prepared to bid, are disappointed. Others who were interested, who were unable to attend because of sickness, are very glad of the postponement, and of the latter there were not a few. This is especially true of the upper Rockland Valley, where there are from forty to sixty cases of the flu.

The lands advertised are scattered throughout the county, with the largest acreage in the Rockland Valley. Some of the tracts advertised are well improved wheat farms, and among the best in the county. Some of them have good buildings, wells and other expensive improvements, and comparatively little of the land is unimproved.
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How They Treat Flu In The Army

Something of the experiences of the sanitary detachment of the 145th field artillery (First Utah) in dealing with the influenza is contained in a letter received by Mr. and Mrs. W. H. Wilkinson, 1374 South Tenth East Street, from their son, Mark C. Wilkinson, a member of that organization. A record for the handling of the disease was made by the regiment, there having been only fourteen deaths out of a total of 1600 cases. The methods used by the sanitary detachment in the care of the boys and the prescriptions of the army doctors are contained in the letter. In part the letter reads:

“If you only knew what a time we have had with it (influenza) you will all be on the lookout for it. Take lots of laxative and keep the nose and throat washed out with hot salt water. Do it five or six times a day.

“If any of you get the symptoms of it start taking calomel in one-half grain doses every half hour for five doses and then two hours after the last dose take epsom salts. Later begin taking five grains of aspirin and five grains of quinine as one dose. Take this every three hours until five doses have been taken and in the meantime keep in the open as much as possible and away from a hot room. Go to bed outside if possible, the main thing being to keep dry and warm, with lots of fresh air.

“Look out for the setback. That is what gets ’em. They feel fine for two or three days and then the fever jumps to 102 or 103 degrees.

“To build up after an attack take some tonic after each meal in water. Nine cases out of ten suffer from cough and of lame back after having had an attack. Take aspirin for three or four days and it usually relieves it.

“We have been in quarantine ever since we hit the camp, but it will not be long now before we are out. Only three cases in the regiment today (October 30).

“Tell all the mothers not to worry, as the little old sanitary detachment is taking the best care of their boys and that they will be all right from now on. We still hold the wonderful record of fourteen cases lost out of 1600.

“Am writing this with my gas mask on, as we have just had a gas alarm. The damn things are sure a nuisance, but they are our best friends.”
– Salt Lake Tribune.
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Flu Causes 300,000 Deaths In Three Months.

Between 300,000 and 350,000 deaths from influenza and pneumonia have occurred among the civilian population of the United States since September 15, according to estimates Wednesday of the public health service. These calculations were based on reports from cities and states keeping accurate records, and public health officials believe they are conservative.

The epidemic still persists, but deaths are much less numerous, according to reports reaching Washington. …

source: American Falls Press. (American Falls, Idaho), 06 Dec. 1918. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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American Falls Press. December 06, 1918, Page 3

Quarantine Ordinance
And Proclamation Putting It Info Effect

An Ordinance Placing a Quarantine on all Buildings, Public and Private in which there is housed Human Beings who have the Influenza or who have been exposed thereto, and defining the time for lifting of the said quarantine and directing the Chief of Police or such other persons as may be directed by the Mayor, to enforce the same and the declaring of an emergency therefor, by the Mayor and Council of the City of American Falls, Idaho.

Section 1. That there is hereby established in the City of American Falls the right to quarantine all buildings, public and private in which there is housed, or in which there are human beings who have the influenza or who have been exposed thereto.

Section 2. That the City Physician is hereby directed to quarantining all human beings withing a building or buildings, either public or private, that any human beings are found who have influenza or who have been directly exposed thereto. Said City Physician to quarantine the said premises until such time as the persons have the said influenza have recovered, therefor plus such time as it would be required for all other persons therein, after having been exposed to have taken the influenza.

Section 3. That as soon as any premises are quarantined by the said City Physician, it shall be unlawful for any person to enter the said premises or to come out from the said premises without the authority of the said City Physician, unless said person be a duly licensed physician, or to give aid under his direction.

Section 4. That the Chief of Police of the City or such persons as may be directed by the Mayor is hereby directed to act in conjunction with the said City Physician and to enforce said quarantine.

Section 5. That all persons who are ill or show symptoms of any disease, are hereby required to report the same to the City Physician.

Section 6. That all physicians, chiropractors, osteopaths, practicing in said City are hereby required to make a report daily to said City Physician as to any cases of sickness, which he may be called to attend to, or have notice of.

Section 7. That any person violating any part or provisions of said ordinance shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor and subject to a fine of not less that Fifty ($50.00) Dollars, and not more than Seventy-five ($75.00) Dollars, and in addition thereto to suffer quarantine for such length of time as is deemed advisable by the City Physician.

Section 8. An emergency existing this order shall be in full force and effect from and after its approval, passage, and its issuance thereof by a proclamation by the said Mayor.

Dated this 5th day of December, A. D., 1918
Attest: Wm. J. Hanson, Mayor.
O. F. Crowley, City Clerk.

Whereas, an emergency exists, I, Wm. J. Hanson, do hereby declare the above Ordinance in full force and effect from, this, the 5th day of December, 1918, at the hour of nine o’clock A. M.
Wm. J. Hanson, Mayor.
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The Other Fellow, Not You

You haven’t had the flu, of course not. You haven’t spread it among your neighbors, of course not. It’s the other fellow – your neighbor – who has been thoughtless and careless, and between you and I we feel like roasting him just a little, although he’s a mighty fine fellow.

But he don’t know much, especially about the flu. He was sure he didn’t have it – just a cold, or a little headache, that would pass in the night; and he thoughtlessly moved about among the people, coughing a little now and then – just a tiny little, insignificant cough, and sneezing once in a while. And sometimes he talked right in people’s faces – and in a little while many people had the flu.

The “other fellow” is proverbially thoughtless. With so much flu around he ought not to have been around. When he began to feel the least little bit out of sorts he ought to have gone home and stayed there until he knew for sure that nothing was wrong with him.

This flu comes so quickly and gives so little notice of its coming, that the “other fellow” should take unusual precautions.

He ought to sleep with the windows wide open every night.

He ought to avoid crowds or small gatherings until the flue epidemic is over.

He ought not to get within five feet of anyone to whom he is talking, and [a] good five feet at that.

He ought to avoid heated rooms and stay out of doors as much as possible.

He ought to make himself a committee of one to preserve and promote the health of the general community.

You and I, we do differently. We don’t spread the disease. We don’t congregate. We avoid crowds, and if either of us ever feels the least bit out of sorts, it’s to bed for us, and send for the doctor. We won’t take any chances with our own health or that of others.

We know that it’s the “mild cases,” where there is “nothing really the matter,” that gives the doctors sleepless nights and our friends and families great concern. We know the mild case of today may be the tragedy of tomorrow. We won’t stay up […] can just take a little vacation while we regain our health or make sure there is nothing ailing us.

But “our neighbor!” He’s the careless fellow that quarantines have to be established for. He is the limit – never knows he’s sick until his temperature is 101 and still climbing. He’s such a pronounced optimist that you and I have got to set him an example by strictly observing every known precaution, just to give him a hint. And when he takes it, and does as we do, the flu epidemic will be over.

You and I have a personal responsibility in this matter as leading citizens of our community, to set the right kind of an example first, and do our criticizing afterward.

Let’s do it.

Let’s go “over the top” in this “safety first” business – you and I.

source: American Falls Press. (American Falls, Idaho), 06 Dec. 1918. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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American Falls Press. December 06, 1918, Page 4

Tracy Fudge and Mrs. Fudge are both ill with the flu.

There is nothing quite so sure as the fellow who “hasn’t got the flu.”

Mrs. W. J. Hanson developed the flu yesterday, making three in the family.

J. S. Miller joined the flu casualty list this week after Mrs. Miller left for California.

Mrs. Whittemore and two children, from Ashton, who were visiting A. A. Whittemore and family, came down with the flu Wednesday and were taken to Bethany Deaconess Hospital.

John Bristol, of the Press force, went to the hospital yesterday with the flu. He has a light case, and was dead sure he had nothing but a headache until the doctor told him otherwise.

There were eleven flu cases at the hospital last night, and increases of three since Tuesday. Three of the cases are not serious, Henry Horst, John Miller and Mr. Peterson, whose home is in Shoshone.

Mayor Hanson signed the influenza quarantine ordinance Wednesday night and was quarantined Thursday morning. He was the first victim of the ordinance, and started in to enforce it against himself.

Dr. MacKinnon was in from Aberdeen last night, and reports the flu situation worse in Aberdeen and above. He sent one case to the hospital here today, a Mr. Sandro, who is in a serious condition.

It usually takes a doctor to convince a fellow that he has the flu.

Miss Hanson, sister of Mrs. Fred Walworth, is a flu victim.

Mrs. John Christianson has suffered a relapse from influenza, and has developed a severe case of pneumonia.
— —


source: American Falls Press. (American Falls, Idaho), 06 Dec. 1918. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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General Hospital, Pocatello, Idaho, ca. 1913 (1)


courtesy: The Mike Fritz Collection, History of Idaho
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The Idaho Recorder. December 06, 1918, Page 1


In Flanders Fields.

In Flanders fields the poppies blow
Between the crosses, row on row,
That mark our place; and in the sky
The larks, still bravely singing, fly
Scarce heard amid the guns below.

We are the Dead. Short days ago
We lived, felt dawn, saw sunset glow,
Loved and were loved, and now we lie
In Flanders fields.

Take up our quarrel with the foe:
To you from failing hands we throw
The torch; be yours to hold it high.
If ye break faith with us who die
We shall not sleep, though poppies grow
In Flanders fields.

– Lieutenant-Colonel John McCrae
— —

Jerry Bohannon was down from the bar on Tuesday and reported much sickness still prevailing there, with J. G. England, Lee Stills and others as a among the afflicted.

source: The Idaho Recorder. (Salmon City, Idaho), 06 Dec. 1918. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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The Idaho Recorder. December 06, 1918, Page 2

Idaho State News

There has never been a time in the history of the state when there was such a dearth of help, this being due in measure to the influenza epidemic.

Spanish influenza in the state of Idaho gives its victim a gamble with death on the basis of about 25 chances that the patient will die to 1000 chances that he will get well, a study of the epidemic reports filed at the office of the state board of health shows.

source: The Idaho Recorder. (Salmon City, Idaho), 06 Dec. 1918. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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The Idaho Recorder. December 06, 1918, Page 5

Salmon Locals

Wiley Rose and L. D. Miler are over in Salmon this week from Blackbird creek. Mr. Rose recently recovered from an attack of flu, while Mr. Miller is still suffering from his attack or rather the after effects thereof. He may conclude to extend his visit to include a stay with relatives in Boise for a month or two.

School in the Iron creek district was resumed after the lifting of the quarantine last Monday with a very good attendance. Miss Hazel Thompson is the teacher. There were but two cases of the flu in that neighborhood and those in mild form.

The reappearance of the influenza epidemic in many parts of the country where the restrictions had been removed is not reassuring for the safety of communities that may be in […] by no means stamped out. In Butte and Pocatello, among scores of other cities and in small towns, the reappearance of the disease after the reopening has been appalling in fatalities from the malady.

source: The Idaho Recorder. (Salmon City, Idaho), 06 Dec. 1918. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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The Idaho Recorder. December 06, 1918, Page 7

Northwest Notes

Influenza is reported to be spreading again all over the state of Wyoming. Eighty deaths from the disease have been reported to the state health board within two days.

Owing to an alarming revival of the influenza epidemic, Cheyenne health authorities have ordered back into force the drastic closing rules which had been lifted when the first epidemic ran its course.

While definite plans are not announced, it is thought the schools of Montana will be conducted six days each week after general resumption, in order to make up time lost through the influenza epidemic.

An appeal to every man and women in California, Nevada and Arizona who knows anything about nursing to register with the Red Cross has been issued from the organization’s Pacific division headquarters at San Francisco.

The president of the state public utilities commission has announced that the sectional convention of such commissions, which was to have been held at Salt Lake November 25, has been indefinitely deferred on account of the influenza epidemic. The convention was to have embraced representatives from Utah, Wyoming, Montana, Idaho, Colorado, Nevada, Arizona, New Mexico and Texas.

source: The Idaho Recorder. (Salmon City, Idaho), 06 Dec. 1918. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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Lake View Hospital, Harrison, Idaho ca. 1919 (1)


courtesy: The Mike Fritz Collection, History of Idaho
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Clearwater Republican. December 06, 1918, Page 1


Influenza Improving Few Cases in Hospital

The influenza situation is improving in Orofino, and with ordinary precautions there need be little fear of further spread of the epidemic to an alarming extent. There are at present only six cases in the hospital, nearly all of the sufferers having been discharged.

Harry White is the only patient in a critical condition and he is said to be dangerously ill with the pneumonia.

By taking proper care of yourself, as far as possible keeping away from all gatherings of people and avoiding exposure, there will be small danger from now on. Thus far Orofino has been very fortunate, considering the number of cases that developed.
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Harry White Passes Away.

After the Republican was ready for the press Friday evening word was passed quickly through the community that Harry White is dead. He was about 30 years of age and leaves a wife and two children, his mother, Mrs. Mahala White, and three sisters, all living in Orofino but the sisters.
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Local News.

Judge Steele postponed the Clearwater term of court to Monday, Dec. 9, on account of the influenza epidemic.

Elk River has been afflicted with a large number of cases of influenza, but fortunately no death were reported and the ban was lifted last week.

Cashier C. H. Ede of the Bank of Orofino, who had been on the sick list for several days, was able to return to his duties Wednesday. Prof. Richmond assisted Assistant Cashier Randall during Mr. Ede’s absence.

Mrs. P. W. Richerzhagen left Tuesday morning for her home at Yakima, Wash., having recovered from an attack of the influenza. She desires to thank the people of Orofino who so kindly assisted during the sickness of her brother, Andy Lee Williams, who died recently at the influenza hospital.

H. W. Haywood, of the Weippe section, came to Orofino yesterday morning. He said that there has been no “flu” in that neighborhood – unless those indisposed have it and are out of fashion and think they had an old fashioned cold or the grippe.

Mrs. Rettig has been at home nursing a case of the “flu,” and last Saturday the doctor ordered Marion out of the Republican office and told him to go home and stay with his mother. The boy remarked “there is nothing the matter with me.”

J. H. Harlan returned to Orofino Wednesday evening, packing a light case of the “flu.” He had been doing federal court jury duty at Moscow, and says that several members of the jury were taken sick with the prevailing malady.

Later – Mr. Harlan went to the hospital Thursday afternoon, not deeming it wise to take a chance of going home and exposing the family.
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The rainy, foggy weather of late has not been the most desirable for preventing the spread of influenza. There has been a fresh outbreak of the epidemic in nearly all the large cities, Spokane Daily reporting the largest number of new cases and deaths since the beginning of the contagion.
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Between 300,000 and 350,000 deaths from influenza and pneumonia have occurred among the civilian population of the United States since September 15, according to estimates of the public health service.

source: Clearwater Republican. (Orofino, Idaho), 06 Dec. 1918. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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Josephine Hospital, Weiser, Idaho


courtesy: The Mike Fritz Collection, History of Idaho
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The Kendrick Gazette. December 06, 1918, Page 1


Flu Still Hangs On

The flu situation in Kendrick shows no improvement over last week as there are a number of cases to be added to last week’s list. While it is not believed to be more than half as bad as reported, there are still in the neighborhood of thirty cases in town. They are all getting along as well as could be expected and but few cases are serious. …

source: The Kendrick Gazette. (Kendrick, Idaho), 06 Dec. 1918. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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The Kendrick Gazette. December 06, 1918, Page 2


The local ministers are to be congratulated upon their good sense in continuing to “keep the ban on.” In some other towns where schools have not been opened because it was thought best to take no chances of prolonging the influenza epidemic, the churches and Sunday schools have been opened and morning and evening services held. If the authorities consider it dangerous to open school on account of the flu, it surely is equally dangerous to resume church services.
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Leland Items

At the disappearance of the “flu” from our community, school work was resumed on the 25th with but a meager attendance. With the malady increasing at most points near by the patrons in most part are inclined to keep theirs at home.

Smallpox is still prevalent about Leland. It would seem that a more vigilant watch would be maintained about so malignant disease, but until subjects of the malady are by force kept under strict quarantine, we can have no assurance of it being stamped out.

A report received here states that Otis Fleshman, a former resident of this place but later of somewhere in Canada died of influenza at his home recently.

source: The Kendrick Gazette. (Kendrick, Idaho), 06 Dec. 1918. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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The Kendrick Gazette. December 06, 1918, Page 5

U.S. Health Service Issues Warning

Increase in All Respiratory Diseases After the Influenza Epidemic Probable.
Influenza Expected to Lurk for Months.
How to Guard Against Pneumonia.
Common Colds Highly Catching – Importance of Suitable Clothing – Could Save 100,000 Lives.

Washington, D. C. – With the subsidence of the epidemic of influenza the attention of health officers is directed to pneumonia, bronchitis and other diseases of the respiratory system which regularly cause a large number of deaths, especially during the winter season. According to Rupert Blue, Surgeon General of the Untied States Public Health Service, these diseases will be especially prevalent this winter unless the people are particularly careful to obey health instructions.

“The present epidemic,” said Surgeon General Blue, “has taught by bitter experience how readily a condition beginning apparently as a slight cold may go on to pneumonia and death. Although the worst of the epidemic is over, there will continue to be a large number of scattered cases, many of them mild and unrecognized, which will be danger spots to be guarded against.” The Surgeon Genera likened the present situation to that after a great fire, saying, “No fire chief who understands his business stops playing the hose on the charred debris as soon as the flames and visible fire have disappeared. On the contrary, he continues the water for hours and even days, for he knows that there is danger of the fire rekindling from smoldering embers.”

“Then you fear another outbreak of influenza?” he was asked. “Not necessarily another large epidemic,” said the Surgeon General, “but unless the people learn to realize the seriousness of the danger they will be compelled to pay a heavy death toll from pneumonia and other respiratory diseases.”

Common Colds Highly Catching.

“It is encouraging to observe that people are beginning to learn that ordinary coughs and colds are highly catching and are spread from person to person by means of droplets of germ laden mucus. Such droplets are sprayed into the air when careless or ignorant people cough or sneeze without covering their mouth and nose. It is also good to know that people have learned something about the value of fresh air. In summer, when people are largely out of doors, the respiratory diseases (coughs, colds, pneumonia, etc.) are infrequent; in the fall, as people begin to remain indoors, the respiratory diseases increase; in the winter, when people are prone to stay in badly ventilated, overheated rooms, the respiratory diseases become very prevalent.”

Suitable Clothing Important.

“Still another factor in the production of colds, pneumonia and other respiratory diseases is carelessness or ignorance of the people regarding suitable clothing during the seasons when the weather suddenly changes, sitting in warm rooms too heavily dressed or, what is even more common, especially among women, dressing so lightly that windows are kept closed in order to e comfortably warm. this is a very injurious practice.”

Could Save 100,000 Lives.

“I believe we could easily save one hundred thousand lives annually in the United States if all the people would adopt the system of fresh air living followed, for example, in tuberculosis sanataria. There is nothing mysterious about it – no specific medicine, no vaccine. The important thing is right living, good food and plenty of fresh air.”

Droplet Infections Explained in Pictures.

“The bureau of Public Health, Treasury Department, has just issued a striking poster drawn by Berryman, the well-known Washington cartoonist. The poster exemplifies the modern method of health education. A few years ago, under similar circumstances, the health authorities would have issued an official dry but scientifically accurate bulletin teaching the role of droplet infection in the spread of respiratory diseases. The only ones who would have understood the bulletin would have been those who already know all about the subject. The man in the street, the plain citizen and the many millions who toil for their living would have had no time and no desire to wade through the technical phraseology.”


Copies of this poster can be obtained free of charge by writing to the Surgeon General, U. S. Public Health Service, Washington, D. C.

source: The Kendrick Gazette. (Kendrick, Idaho), 06 Dec. 1918. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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The Kendrick Gazette. December 06, 1918, Page 8

No School Next Week

It is been decided, by the powers that be, that school will not open next week and that it will continue to remain closed until the influenza situation shows a decided improvement.
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Donald McCrea writes from France that at their barracks they sleep with all the windows and doors wide open to prevent contracting influenza. Fresh air is considered the best preventive for the disease.

Dr. Rothwell was taken ill last Saturday with influenza. A trained nurse was secured from Moscow Sunday night to care for him and he is reported to be getting along very well. His work for the past two months has been exceedingly heavy and for two or three weeks prior to his illness he was going day and night in order to look after the unusually large amount of sickness in this community.

Dr. J. J. Herrington of Moscow is looking after Dr. Rothwell’s practice during the latter’s illness. Dr. Herrington came here in answer to a summons by Mayor Peterson and arrived Saturday night. He has been very busy looking after the influenza cases here and in Juliaetta. He practiced medicine for a number of years at Gifford, moving from there to Moscow last summer.

The Camp Fire Girls have organized to furnish meals to the nurses and give any attentions possible to the sick during the influenza epidemic. Anyone needing assistance should call up Miss Anna Long or Miss Bernadine Moser.

E. H. Drammarel, food administrator for Kendrick precinct, received notice Tuesday from County Food Administrator Martin, to lift the ban on sugar. Sugar may now be purchased in any quantity according to these instructions.

Warney May and family and Mrs,. Cain and son of American ridge have been ill with influenza.

Miss Elsie Thomas has been doing excellent work as a nurse during the flu epidemic here. She has so far escaped contracting the disease.

source: The Kendrick Gazette. (Kendrick, Idaho), 06 Dec. 1918. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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Kellogg Hospital, Kellogg, Idaho ca. 1908


courtesy: The Mike Fritz Collection, History of Idaho
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Montpelier Examiner. December 06, 1918, Page 1


Miss Hillier Home From Extended Stay In Canada

Miss Nettie Hillier returned last Sunday from Canada, where she had been for the past five months, and has taken her old position as head nurse in the Montpelier hospital. When Miss Hillier left here last July she intended visiting with relatives for a short time at Magrath and other points in Canada and then enter as a nurse in the navy. She filled out the application, but some additional information was required, which necessitated the papers being sent back to her and from Canada back to Montpelier and then to her again. Owing to some delay in the transmission of the papers, by the time they reached her the influenza had made its appearance in Canada and she was called upon to render services there. In the meantime the war ended, and when she learned that her brother, John, was down with the “flu” here she left for home. She says the flu has been very mild here as compared to what it was in Magrath, Lethbridge and the other towns in that section of Canada.
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Husband and Wife Succumb to Influenza

Mr. and Mrs. Jessee W. Minson, former residents of Paris, died from influenza at their home in Magna Utah, on Nov. 28. Mrs. Minson died at one a.m. and her husband followed her one hour later. … Mr. Minson was born at Paris 28 years ago. He was the son of Mr. and Mrs. Thomas Minson of this county. …

Mrs. Minson was the daughter of L. H. Long of this city. She was 25 years of age. Two children survive them – a daughter three years of age and a son of sixteen months. …
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Joseph Denio Succumbs to Influenza at Blackfoot

Joseph Denio, one of Bear Lake county’s well known and highly esteemed citizens, died from the influenza at Blackfoot last Wednesday morning. …

About two weeks ago he left home on a trip in the interest of the firm he was representing. He had a severe cold at the time, and upon arriving at Blackfoot he fell a victim of the influenza, which developed into pneumonia. Mrs. Denio was called to his bedside last week.

Besides his wife, he is survived by two daughters and four sons, one of whom is an officer at Camp Grast, Ill. …

source: Montpelier Examiner. (Montpelier, Idaho), 06 Dec. 1918. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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Montpelier Examiner. December 06, 1918, Page 5

Local News

J. A. Hess, who came up from Salt Lake several days ago, is now under temporary quarantine at Georgetown.

Miss Annie and Master Louis Lauridsen are practically recovered from their illness with the “flu” and the Lauridsen home, including the sheep camp, will be released from quarantine tomorrow. This will be good news to the legion of friends of the family.

Manager Norris of the Three Rule store, who had a hard attack of the flu, is doing nicely. The quarantine will be removed from the home tomorrow.

James Crouch went to Salt Lake Tuesday in response to a telegram stating that his brother-in-law had died from the influenza and that his sister was also down with the dread disease.

Miss Mable Foss, who was among the critically ill victims of the “flu” and whose life for several days was despaired of, is on the rapid road to recovery and will recuperate her strength and health at the Erickson home, where she was taken today.

Frank Davis came in from his run as freight brakeman last week much indisposed, in fact so much so that he wore a “grouch” in anticipation of being taken as a victim of the “flu.” No danger of Frank being caught by the epidemic; he is too quick for even a race horse speed of the epidemic. He answered, “present” when the call boy knocked at his door the following morning.

Jim Smeath is back on his job after an absence of a couple of months on his ranch, near Bancroft. He remained there longer than he intended on account of members of his family having the flu.

Hilda, the two-year-old daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Allen Koford, died last Saturday morning. Death was caused from pneumonia following the influenza. She was ill but a few days. …

The friends of Mr. and Mrs. Jack Hillier will be pleased to know that they are now convalescing from a severe attack of the flu. The home was released from quarantine yesterday, but it will be a few days yet before Jack ventures out.
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Situation Improving.
Only Ten Homes in Montpelier Now Under Quarantine.

I am pleased to state that the health situation in Montpelier is now better than it has been at any time since the beginning of the influenza epidemic. There are only ten homes in the city under quarantine and several of these will be released tomorrow. All patients have been discharged from the emergency hospital, and those at their homes have the disease in a mild form. If the people will continue to observe the health regulations that have prevailed during the quarantine, for a few days more, I am satisfied that the city will be practically free from the disease.

The situation is now so well cleared up that I feel free to state that the people throughout the county need no longer hesitate to come to Montpelier to do their necessary buying. It is not advisable, however, for crowds to congregate in the stores. But people can come to town, do their shopping and return home without fear of contracting the influenza.

The ban against the holding of public meetings in the city will not be removed until all danger of a further outbreak of the “flu” is past.

While we all feel that Montpelier has been “hit pretty hard” by this dreadful scourge, the conditions here has been nowhere near as serious as it has in many towns of this size throughout the United States. I attribute this largely to the rules that were promulgated by the city board of health at the first appearance of the influenza in the city. Other towns in Idaho that at first scoffed at the danger of the disease are now suffering sorely from the consequences.

I urge the people of Montpelier to continue to use due precaution against coming in contact with those who have had the influenza, until the homes of the later have been fumigated and the victims released from quarantine. I also earnestly request persons developing the slightest symptoms of the disease, to remain at home and call a physician at once. By so doing the sooner will Montpelier be entirely free from the influenza.

Dr. G. F. Ashley, Chairman City Board of Health

source: Montpelier Examiner. (Montpelier, Idaho), 06 Dec. 1918. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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Carethers Hospital, Moscow, Idaho


courtesy: The Mike Fritz Collection, History of Idaho
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The Idaho Republican. December 06, 1918, Page 1


Guarding Against Spanish Influenza
Prevent Over-Exertion at First for Safety; Lack of Trained Nurses; Neglect in Carrying Out Physician’s Orders Serious.

A few days ago when some of the business men got together to consider the matter of opening a hospital or converting some building into a hospital for temporary use for influenza cases, physicians were consulted as to the advisability of such a plan and the matter was dropped.

The Blackfoot hospital is not large enough to accommodate many patients and the suggestion of using a school building or church for this purpose seemed good at first glance but physicians advised that there was not sufficient privacy or opportunity to segregate the patients. If a number of patients were assembled in the same room and one of them should die with all attending suffering, the coughing, moaning and suffocation attending death by influenza, it would made a deep impression upon all the others and would leave them much depressed to say the least. Physicians advise that most people having a case of influenza in the home would prefer to keep the patient there, even tho it exposed the other members of the family.

In the case of persons who are in hotels or rooming houses or among strangers, the hospital or central station for caring for them would be an advantage provided there was room to segregate the severe cases from others.

Dr. Mitchell spoke at considerable length on the subject of caring for influenza cases, and said that he had been thru many epidemics but none that were so trying as this present one of the Spanish influenza. He said a person should go to bed as soon as possible and that it reduced the chances of recovery very much to make any exertion after the first attack. The person who tries to keep up and ward it off, or who tries to get to some distant place or home before going to bed is making the case very much worse and multiplying the chances of death.

Vaccination Helps Prevent Disease.

A serum is being used for combating the disease and they are vaccinating with it to prevent it. Those who are vaccinated seldom take the disease and if they do take it they have it in a mild form. If a person has not been vaccinated and takes the disease the serum is injected into the system to break up the malady. Very careful treatment is needed to insure recovery and what the community needs most is trained nurses, persons who are accustomed to receiving orders and following them to the letter. The average person who cares for the sick is not sufficiently prompt and particular about carrying out the physician’s orders in every detail.

There are some things about the work that the law requires must be done by a physician or a graduate nurse. For instance, injecting the serum into the blood must be done by the physician or nurse. Anyone else attempting such a delicate and dangerous operation is liable to prosecution under the state law. A slight mistake in the amount of the serum injected might cause the death of the patient, but administered in the right amount and at the right time will save his life.

Dr. Mitchell says that death from influenza cases is accompanied by much suffering for ten or twelve hours. The lungs swell and expand and cause great distress and difficulty in breathing. The lungs bleed and a fluid fills the air spaces in the lungs. The patient may cough up this blood and fluid and recover, or it may keep gaining and filling the air spaces until the person dies from suffocation or drowning. The process is the same as if a person were in water and the lungs filled with fluid from the outside.

[Note: the serum was ineffective. See this link for more info.]
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Influenza Over The State

J. H. Jacobson returned Tuesday from an extensive business trip over Idaho and adjacent states in the interest of the government crop estimates. Wherever he went he found the influenza improving greatly. In some towns it was serious, others not so bad. Nez Perce in Lewis county has had its share of the malady, but conditions were improving right along. Everything in Spokane, Wash., is from under the ban now and the disease has run its course there.

In Butte, Mont., the influenza has broken out in some strength and everything, including saloons, barber shops and cigar stores are tightly closed. At all places all household orders are delivered by grocers to avoid crowds in business places and on the streets.

The compulsory wearing of masks is not in force at any place Mr. Jacobson visited, and he was surprised on reaching Blackfoot to find all citizens wearing masks.

source: The Idaho Republican. (Blackfoot, Idaho), 06 Dec. 1918. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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The Idaho Republican. December 06, 1918, Page 2


All cases of influenza in Springfield are much improved.
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Miss Carlos Partridge is still very ill with pneumonia, following influenza.

Mrs. Nell Gravatt and daughters, Louise, Doris and Mrs. Ray Wells, are all down with the “flu.” Vera Jones is looking after the post office during Mrs. Gravatt’s illness, while Ray Wells is carrying the mail on the rural route during his wife’s illness.
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Mrs. Alvin Gardner who has been seriously ill with the influenza is better now. Mrs. H. A. Gardner has been caring for her.
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Miss Bertha Fielding is staying with Mr. and Mrs. Glen Wadsworth of Taylor, who are both ill with the flu.

Word has been received from Zella Clark saying that their trip to California was a very pleasant one. She stated that the influenza band had been lifted for all those over fifteen, but not for those under that age, because it seemed to be more serious among the children.

Mrs. Jim Fielding is nursing Mrs. Pearl Anderson, who has the flu.

Why not use sulphur as a preventative of the flu, by sprinkling a little in your shoes every morning. It kills the germs.
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The Dial family, who have been suffering severely with the influenza are now able to be about again. J. C. Heaton’s family are also well.
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Schools Reopening in The Gem State

Pocatello, Ida., Dec. 2. – This morning the schools opened in many parts of the state, after a long enforced vacation, during the intensity of the “flu” epidemic, which is now rapidly making its disappearance from the state. The schools of the state have lost practically two months of work, and it will be fully two months by the time the schools in this city will again open, the date set being December 16, provided the situation justifies.

There will be no making up for “lost time,” says the state board of education, at least there will be no specific rules set forth to that effect by the state board. This matter will be left to the counties and various school units of the state. It may be impossible to extend the time in any county owing to the budget owing to the fact that teachers’ salaries are going on just the same as if they were teaching during the close down.

If the time of keeping the schools open were extended it would require additional funds for salaries, so it is quite likely that the schools will work harder than usual during the time they are open and close down at the usual time in the spring.
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Will Give Winter Term

Gooding, Idaho. – Now that the war and the epidemic are both over, Gooding college will begin a winter term right away for the benefit of the boys and girls, who did not get to go to the front, or who were not able to start to school last September on account of sickness or of work at home. The list of courses offered includes bookkeeping, commercial arithmetic, practical English, spelling, penmanship, shorthand and typewriting; the very subjects and just the methods that will do the most for the young man and woman who are somewhat out of touch with the regular situation.

source: The Idaho Republican. (Blackfoot, Idaho), 06 Dec. 1918. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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The Idaho Republican. December 06, 1918, Page 5

Local News

George Sprague, who has been ill with the influenza, is doing nicely.

Mrs. W. F. Knowlden, who has been ill for the past few days is improving.

Miss Ida Chapman is on the sick list. Miss Herma Albertson is working at the Brown-Hart company during her absence.

Miss Jessie Drew is ill with the influenza at the present writing.

Miss Irene Lock, who has been very ill with the influenza, is at her home in Rockford and is much improved.

John Exster is ill with the influenza at this writing.

Guy Stevens, who has been ill with the influenza, is now able to be out and around again.

Barton Lowder resumed his duties at the Kinney Mercantile company the first of the week, after being confined to his home with the influenza.

Harry Kinney is about to be out again, after suffering an attack of the influenza.

Mrs. C. Partridge, the proprietress of the Sterling hotel, has been very ill for the past two weeks with pneumonia, following influenza. The hotel was closed during her illness but reopened the middle of the week, Mr. Partridge returned to Blackfoot Wednesday to resume his work at the sugar factory.

source: The Idaho Republican. (Blackfoot, Idaho), 06 Dec. 1918. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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The Idaho Republican. December 06, 1918, Page 8

Contracts Pneumonia After Caring For Influenza Patients.

Mrs. Anderson, formerly Miss Sylvia Yancey, who is a trained nurse, came up from Salt Lake a few weeks ago to care for her brother Emeron, while he had influenza. It was a very severe case and Dr. Mitchell says that his recovery was due entirely to the good care given him by his sister. She later returned to Salt Lake and took care of a number of influenza cases and the first of this week was taken with pneumonia herself. Her mother Mrs. Adam Yancey, left Tuesday afternoon for Salt Lake to be with the daughter. Mr. Anderson was in New York with his regiment returning from Europe and they telegraphed for him to come directly to Salt Lake if he could secure release.
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Council Meeting Postponed.

The regular meeting of the city council was to be held Tuesday evening, but on account of the influenza epidemic, the meeting was postponed.
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No School Next Week

Professor Vincent advises that school will not be reopened during the week of December 9, as influenza is not sufficiently under control to make the opening of school advisable.

We will endeavor to keep the public informed and notify them of the opening date.
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Paris Man Died Here

Joseph Denio of Paris, Idaho, died at the Cottage Hotel Wednesday morning, after suffering intensely for several days from pneumonia. Mrs. Denio came to Blackfoot to be with her husband.
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Death of E. G. Jones

E. G. Jones, age twenty-three years died at the home of Russell Sewell, Wednesday afternoon, after suffering for the past two weeks with influenza-pneumonia.

Deceased is survived by his wife, and two children, who are residents of Utah. …
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Death of Tory Fox

Tory Fox, age fifteen, son of James Fox, died at the county hospital Wednesday afternoon, following an attack of influenza. …
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The flu has left us.
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Jed Robinson will have charge of the dances in the Ensign hall as soon as the flu ban is lifted. Improvements have been made in the appearance of the hall and it will be a better place to spend a pleasant evening dancing.

More influenza cases than ever have been reported within the city limits during the last week.

The Flu Situation.

About twenty business men of this city held a meeting at the Dean Drug Store and talked over the influenza situation here, in view of determining whether or not all business houses would resume their general routine of business. After considerable discussion, both pro and con, the following committee was appointed to meet with the village trustees on last Tuesday, December 3, at which time some definite action was taken: John I. Dean, J. L. Moore, R. B. Waller, W. S. Wright, L. Ivan Jensen and F. M. Davis.

Pool halls opened up here for a short time one day last week, but received word from Blackfoot to close up immediately, and they did so.

Myrtle Wilson is ill with the flu.

Gould Porter is recovering from pneumonia, following a severe case of the flu.

Thanksgiving Day was quiet here as everybody stayed at home most of the day.

Alta Waller, the young daughter of R. B. Waller, has been ill for some time with a slight case of the influenza.

source: The Idaho Republican. (Blackfoot, Idaho), 06 Dec. 1918. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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St. Alphonsus Hospital, Boise, Idaho


courtesy: The Mike Fritz Collection, History of Idaho
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The Meridian Times., December 06, 1918, Page 1


The Flu Has Flown!
Take It From Us – The Ban Is Surely Lifted This Time.

There are no influenza cases now in Meridian, with one or two exceptions, and the doctors and others in authority have agreed that all public places may open beginning with this Saturday night. Public schools will open Monday.

(This about the ‘steenth [sic] time the Times has made this solemn announcement, but we now promise that if the opening is delayed this time we will make no further comment.)
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Editorial Mention

Now that the flu is over and all restrictions removed, a Meridian man may kiss the wife good bye when he leaves for work – without danger of any kind. It is especially stipulated, however, that the wife must be his own.

source: The Meridian Times. (Meridian, Idaho), 06 Dec. 1918. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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The Meridian Times., December 06, 1918, Page 8

Meridian News Notes

Mrs. Feen Ball is ill at her home with Spanish influenza.

Mrs. Alice Frazier who had had the influenza is much improved and able to be out for a short walk each day.

Mrs. Elias Marsters who has been dangerously ill at her home north of town, is improving.

Among those who are recovering from the influenza are Charles Ayers, Clarence Walt, Mr. and Mrs. A. L. Cunze and German Williams.

Thomas McClure has returned from Seattle where he was called by sickness in his family. Mrs. McClure and two children were ill with the influenza but are better. They have been visiting with her mother Mrs. Humhanour. They will return later to Meridian.
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The Meridian Theatre, under the management of John Hedges, will reopen this Saturday night. With the picture show going the town will put on the evening activity as of old. Everything is in readiness and Mr. Hedges promises a good show. Come out, and forget all about the flu.
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Christian Church

We are now authorized by the local authorities that the churches may open again Sunday if no further developments of influenza are noted. Accordingly the regular services will be held Sunday.

This will be the first meeting of the congregation with the new pastor and it is urged that all the members be present. …
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Services Sunday At The Methodist Church.

The ban on public meetings being lifted we will resume our regular services next Sunday morning. …
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Funeral Last Friday of Rubin Howry.

Mention was made in the Times last week of the death of Rubin Howry, son of Rolly Howry. Death resulted from Spanish influenza and pneumonia, the young man being sick but a few days. … (22 years, 6 months and 16 days old.) …

source: The Meridian Times. (Meridian, Idaho), 06 Dec. 1918. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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St. Lukes Hospital, Boise, Idaho (2)


courtesy: The Mike Fritz Collection, History of Idaho
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Shoshone Journal. December 06, 1918, Page 1


Wood River Center Grange

School district 29 started Monday with about one-half the usual attendance.

Frank Alvin Cannon has been on the sick list this week.

The Ivies cat is suffering from a bad attack of the Flu.

Mrs. A. L. Butler’s bones have been aching the last week. She says we are going to have some storms.
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Big Wood River News.

Earl Burdett is sick with the flu.

Little Opal Sparks is quite ill at this writing.

School began Monday after several weeks’ vacation.

The ladies of the North Shoshone auxiliary hope to resume their work soon, but under the present conditions of the flu it is impossible now.
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Red Cross Column.

After several weeks’ recess on account of influenza, the regular meeting of the Executive Committee of the Red Cross took place at the library Monday evening. Reports of committees show that the workers have not been inactive because of the restrictions on public gatherings. The Influenza Committee, of which Mrs. W. W. Custer is chairman, has made and distributed six dozen masks and rendered assistance to one family where there was illness from the disease. …
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Paul Jones is back home again after a week’s attendance at Zeller’s hospital in Shoshone, wrestling with a first-class case of the flu.

School commenced again last Monday with the usual attendance of bright pupils. From the still large numbers of flu victims among the farmers of the tract, it is questionable whether or not the school should have been opened so soon.

Louis Nelson and J. P. Kelly, each with a car of cattle went to Denver this week. Louis fell by the wayside with a hard case of the flu and was compelled to lay up at Laramie, but joined Kelly on the return trip and is safe home again.
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Flu Danger Not Over.

Owing to fresh outbreaks of the flu our city schools were closed Wednesday after having been opened for three days. Supt. Wessen and several of the other teachers are entertaining flu bugs in their systems and conditions seemed to justify re-closing the schools for an indefinite period.

source: Shoshone Journal. (Shoshone, Idaho), 06 Dec. 1918. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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Shoshone Journal. December 06, 1918, Page 5

Local And Personal News

Mr. Kurtz, of the Shoshone Laundry is again at work after being in bed several days with a severe attack of the flu which reduced his weight by several pounds.

J. E. Wesson, Supt. of Schools was taken ill with Spanish influenza Wed.

Louise, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Will Keefer has recovered from the flu.

Gilbert J. White is out again after entertaining the flu.

Miss Mildred Beaman and Miss Sanderson, teachers in our schools, have taken a room at the George Anderson home.

The school board met together Tues. evening. The object of the meeting was to join forces in trying to stamp out the flu.

Miss Florence Taylor is another flu patient.

Mr. A. I. McMahon is on the sick list.

Mrs. Will Sinclair and son Bobby are on the sick list.

Mrs. J. Grewell and young son are recovering from the flu.

source: Shoshone Journal. (Shoshone, Idaho), 06 Dec. 1918. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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Dill Hospital, Shoshone, Idaho


courtesy: The Mike Fritz Collection, History of Idaho
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December 7

The Daily Star-Mirror., December 07, 1918, Page 1


School Board Takes Action On Influenza Situation

The school board met again this morning for further consideration of the matter of opening the schools. At a short session yesterday it was voted to keep the schools closed until December 30th.

The time lost and the possibility of further loss is creating a serious problem for the school authorities. If the school can not be opened on the above date it will practically be impossible for the students to complete the customary two semesters work, and the work will have to be confined to the completion of half a year’s course of study, a loss of a half year’s time on the part of approximately 1200 students; it will prevent the senior class of 45 from graduating; and it will also mean a large financial loss to the tax payers of the district. The cost of operating the schools of the district is about $50,000 per year. The loss of one-half of this year will mean approximately a $25,000 loss to the taxpayers.

Superintendent Rich has a plan worked out whereby if the schools can open on December 30th and operate continuously throughout the remainder of the regular school year and for three weeks thereafter, or until about June 20th it will be possible to complete the usual year’s work.

This plan will mean an additional expense for the year of about $4000. No action was taken by the board in reference to this matter, but the plan was looked upon with favor by the board. The ability to carry it out is dependent upon whether the epidemic will permit the schools to be opened on December 30th.

It was the unanimous opinion of the board that every endeavor should be made to stamp out the influenza between now and the time set for opening of the schools. It was shown that conditions had gradually improved during the past two weeks, irrespective of the fact that the quarantine had been lifted to some extent. It was the belief of the of the board that if concerted action could be had on the part of all the people toward stamping out the disease for the next three weeks, the town could be practically freed from the menace, except from an occasional sparodic [sic] case. It was felt by the board that the possible serious loss on the part of the students and tax payers warranted it in asking the assistance of the people in preventing same, and the following resolutions were unanimously passed:

“Whereas, there has been a considerable loss of time in the schools of this district caused by an epidemic of influenza, and

“Whereas, any further loss of time after December 30th, will mean a loss of practically a one-half year of schooling on the part of all the students; the liability of the forty-five members of the senior class to graduate this year, and a considerable financial loss on the part of the tax payers of the district, and,

“Whereas, as the ability of the board to open the schools is dependent on the prevalence of influenza on December 30th, and,

“Whereas, it has been determined that the influenza is spread very largely by personal contact and close personal association, now therefore

“Be it resolved, that this board for and on behalf of the patrons and taxpayers of the district ask the concerted action of all the people in an endeavor to stamp out the menace now in our midst by:

“1st. Refraining from attending any unnecessary gatherings of any kind and character.

“2nd. Taking all precautions possible that will minimize the possibility of their own infection and that of others.

“3rd. Reporting any and all suspicious cases of illness that may develop in their immediate household to the city health officer.

“4th. Complying conscientiously with any and all rules of regulations that may be promulgated by the city and county health officers.

“Board of Trustees, Moscow Independent School District No. 5. Dated Dec. 7th, 1918.”

source: The Daily Star-Mirror. (Moscow, Idaho), 07 Dec. 1918. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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The Daily Star-Mirror., December 07, 1918, Page 2

Health Officer Does Duty.

The Star-Mirror must commend the work of Dr. W. A. Adair, city health officer, for the work he has done in handling the influenza situation. His is certainly an unpleasant task, but he is handling it well. Probably no one in Moscow is in closer touch with the influenza situation or understands it better than Dr. E. H. Lindley, president of the University of Idaho, and Dr. Lindley said to the writer “I think Dr. Adair should be highly commended for the splendid work he has done. I only wish the people of Moscow could know all of the facts and realize how hard his position is and how faithfully and well he had performed his duties. I think Dr. Adair’s work is largely responsible for the improvement in local conditions.”

There is the opinion of one who knows. Dr. Lindley has been thrown in closer touch with the influenza situation that any person in Moscow, owing to his position as president of the university where 1300 students were under his direct care. He knows “whereof he speaks” and his commendation of Dr. Adair’s work ought to go a long way towards offsetting the criticism that comes from people not nearly so well informed and Dr. Lindley as to what has been done, what is being done and the conditions that have prevailed here.

At the school board meeting Dr. Adair was criticized for not closing the churches and the picture shows. The statement was made that “the school district is losing large sums by keeping the schools closed and the teachers idle.” Closing the picture shows and the churches would not pay this money back to the school district.

Dr. Adair has made careful study of conditions. Eleven new cases have been reported this week and only one of these new patients had attended the moving picture show and not one had attended church, so the facts are that the picture shows and the church are not responsible for the new cases that have been reported since both were reopened.

Let us all try to help the health officers and all physicians and every one else who is helping to stamp out the disease and not harass them and make their work harder and more unpleasant by needless criticism.
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source: The Daily Star-Mirror. (Moscow, Idaho), 07 Dec. 1918. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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The Daily Star-Mirror., December 07, 1918, Page 3

City News

Miss Zoe Harris, who works at the telephone, is sick with influenza.

Mrs. and Mrs. Eli Hopkins and little daughter, Mary Ann, left for their home at Kent, Wash. Mr. Hopkins has gone through a siege of influenza but is now convalescent.

Mrs. Harry Rawson went to Farmington yesterday to take care of her daughter and son-in-law, Mr. and Mrs. Otis D. Bradley, who are very ill with influenza.

source: The Daily Star-Mirror. (Moscow, Idaho), 07 Dec. 1918. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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Indian Hospital, Fort Lapwai, Idaho


courtesy: The Mike Fritz Collection, History of Idaho
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December 9

The Daily Star-Mirror., December 09, 1918, Page 1


Mrs. Frank Geisler who is a teacher in the grade school, has recovered from a recent attack of influenza and pneumonia and will resume her classes today. Miss Fretha Swedland, a teacher in the Bovill school, has been substituting. The Bovill schools have not yet been opened on account of the epidemic still raging there. Miss Ruth Pederson, sister of Mrs. Geisler, has also recovered from an attack of the “flu.”
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Travel on all railroads running to and through Moscow is very light, being lighter then ever known at this season of the year. It is believed that fear of influenza is one cause of the light travel.
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Farmers’ Union Convention At Spokane Is Postponed

The convention of the Farmers’ Union and other farmer organizations and of farmers not members of any organization which was to have been held at Spokane beginning tomorrow, has been indefinitely postponed on account of the influenza situation. All public meetings have been forbidden in Spokane, where there has been a new outbreak of the disease due, it is thought, to the big crowds gathered there for the peace celebration. Fourteen deaths were reported in Spokane as a direct result of influenza, Saturday, the largest record for one day since the epidemic began. People from outside towns are requested to remain away from Spokane until the situation clears up. It is known that several cases of influenza in Moscow now were contracted at the peace celebration in Spokane 10 days ago.
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10,091,832 Soldiers Were Killed In The World War

In this table showing the men in arms, the lives lost, and the total casualties of the leading nations involved in the war, the list of killed follows in general figures gathered by the New York Evening Post. The other lists follow the compilation of a writer in the New York Tribune, and both lists have been corrected by official reports issued since the original estimates were made. All of the totals, except those of the United State, Great Britain, Italy, and Germany, are unofficial.

(click image to enlarge)

source: The Daily Star-Mirror. (Moscow, Idaho), 09 Dec. 1918. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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The Daily Star-Mirror., December 09, 1918, Page 2

No Lunches Tomorrow.

The chamber of commerce will not hold its luncheon tomorrow (Tuesday) on account of the influenza situation, but if conditions continue to improve the weekly luncheon will be held a week from tomorrow in the chamber’s dining room, opposite the Moscow hotel.
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If it becomes necessary to close the churches and the picture shows and stop every public meeting in Moscow in order to stamp out the influenza and save precious lives, there should not be a murmur of complaint. One life is worth more than all of the church services, lodge meeting or entertainments that can be given in Moscow. It is to be hoped this step will not be necessary, but if it proves to be necessary, it should be accepted and obeyed religiously and without complaint.
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Judge Dietrich, of the federal court, as shown himself to be thoroughly human and humane. He refused to continue court at Moscow because of the possibility of danger from influenza and he refused to open court at Coeur d’Alene for the same reason. He adjourned the last term of court held here last May for several hours in order that the court attendants, himself included, could attend the funeral of the late B. T. Byrns. Judge Dietrich is a man first and an officer second.

source: The Daily Star-Mirror. (Moscow, Idaho), 09 Dec. 1918. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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The Daily Star-Mirror., December 09, 1918, Page 3

City News

Miss Winifred Edmundson arrived this afternoon from Grangeville, where she is teaching, the schools being closed.

Scout Master J. H. Jonte announces that there will be no meeting of the boy scouts on account of the influenza situation.

Mrs. R. B. Knepper, county school superintendent, is visiting schools in the rural districts this week.

The influenza cases at Kendrick number about 30, with six seriously ill.

Dr. J. J. Herrington of Moscow, who is helping at Kendrick, is planning on returning home Tuesday.
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source: The Daily Star-Mirror. (Moscow, Idaho), 09 Dec. 1918. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.

Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 1)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 2)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 3)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 4)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 5)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 6)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 7)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 8)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 9)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 10)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 11)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 12)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 13)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 14)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 15)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 16)