Idaho History Oct 4, 2020

Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic

Part 25

Idaho Newspaper clippings January 10-14, 1919

School Photos courtesy: the Mike Fritz Collection, History of Idaho
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January 10 (continued)

Cottonwood Chronicle. January 10, 1919, Page 3


19190110CC2U.S. Health Service Issues Warning
Increase in All Respiratory Diseases After the Influenza Epidemic Probable.
Influenza Expected to Lurk for Months.
How to Guard Against Pneumonia.
Common Colds Highly Catching – Importance of Suitable Clothing – Could Save 100,000 Lives.

Washington, D. C. – With the subsidence of the epidemic of influenza the attention of health officers is directed to pneumonia, bronchitis and other diseases of the respiratory system which regularly cause a large number of deaths, especially during the winter season. According to Rupert Blue, Surgeon General of the Untied States Public Health Service, these diseases will be especially prevalent this winter unless the people are particularly careful to obey health instructions.

“The present epidemic,” said Surgeon General Blue, “has taught by bitter experience how readily a condition beginning apparently as a slight cold may go on to pneumonia and death. Although the worst of the epidemic is over, there will continue to be a large number of scattered cases, many of them mild and unrecognized, which will be danger spots to be guarded against.” The Surgeon Genera likened the present situation to that after a great fire, saying, “No fire chief who understands his business stops playing the hose on the charred debris as soon as the flames and visible fire have disappeared. On the contrary, he continues the water for hours and even days, for he knows that there is danger of the fire rekindling from smoldering embers.”

“Then you fear another outbreak of influenza?” he was asked. “Not necessarily another large epidemic,” said the Surgeon General, “but unless the people learn to realize the seriousness of the danger they will be compelled to pay a heavy death toll from pneumonia and other respiratory diseases.”

Common Colds Highly Catching.

“It is encouraging to observe that people are beginning to learn that ordinary coughs and colds are highly catching and are spread from person to person by means of droplets of germ laden mucus. Such droplets are sprayed into the air when careless or ignorant people cough or sneeze without covering their mouth and nose. It is also good to know that people have learned something about the value of fresh air. In summer, when people are largely out of doors, the respiratory diseases (coughs, colds, pneumonia, etc.) are infrequent; in the fall, as people begin to remain indoors, the respiratory diseases increase; in the winter, when people are prone to stay in badly ventilated, overheated rooms, the respiratory diseases become very prevalent.”

Suitable Clothing Important.

“Still another factor in the production of colds, pneumonia and other respiratory diseases is carelessness or ignorance of the people regarding suitable clothing during the seasons when the weather suddenly changes, sitting in warm rooms too heavily dressed or, what is even more common, especially among women, dressing so lightly that windows are kept closed in order to be comfortably warm. this is a very injurious practice.”

Could Save 100,000 Lives.

“I believe we could easily save one hundred thousand lives annually in the United States if all the people would adopt the system of fresh air living followed, for example, in tuberculosis sanataria. There is nothing mysterious about it – no specific medicine, no vaccine. The important thing is right living, good food and plenty of fresh air.”

Droplet Infections Explained in Pictures.

“The bureau of Public Health, Treasury Department, has just issued a striking poster drawn by Berryman, the well-known Washington cartoonist. The poster exemplifies the modern method of health education. A few years ago, under similar circumstances, the health authorities would have issued an official dry but scientifically accurate bulletin teaching the role of droplet infection in the spread of respiratory diseases. The only ones who would have understood the bulletin would have been those who already know all about the subject. The man in the street, the plain citizen and the many millions who toil for their living would have had no time and no desire to wade through the technical phraseology.”

Copies of this poster can be obtained free of charge by writing to the Surgeon General, U. S. Public Health Service, Washington, D. C.

source: Cottonwood Chronicle. (Cottonwood, Idaho), 10 Jan. 1919. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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Cottonwood Chronicle. January 10, 1919, Page 7

Touching Scenes

Every day we meet touching scenes which reach the tender feelings of the most unsympathetic. The influenza plague has visited many homes and removed therefrom the loved ones, old and young. Wives, with little children, yet in the cradle, have suffered the loss of their husbands and we believe this is the most pitiful of them all, the wife and mother in mourning with the little babe innocent, presents a most pathetic case.

Such scenes are common and are to be see in every City and Hamlet in the country. Right in our own town three of such scenes were noticeable on our streets in a single day. Though they are seemingly alone in their sorrow, yet everyone who are cognizant of the facts deeply sympathize with them.
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source: Cottonwood Chronicle. (Cottonwood, Idaho), 10 Jan. 1919. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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Cottonwood Chronicle. January 10, 1919, Page 8

Unusually Quiet After Holiday Season Passes

As usual after the Yuletide season passes there is a lull for a time in business activities in nearly all lines which however does not continue for any great period. People lay off and take stock for a while. Merchants get busy taking their invoices and the farmers generally take advantage of the slack season and make preparation for the spring work. For the most part their work is finished or there is an enforced idleness occasioned by winter weather and frozen ground, but this winter influenza conditions has had a lot to do with business activity. Many there are who are deferring operations of one kind or another because of prevalence of the disease everywhere. At present in the immediate vicinity of Cottonwood the epidemic has abated to such an extent that the ban has been raised but nevertheless many people will not care to take any great chances and will not do many things they otherwise would.

During the ban period the lot of the newspaper is a hard one. Every available source of local news is shut off. If there are no meetings, gatherings, social or other happenings of interest going on it is certain to show up on the pages of the local paper by its conspicuous absence.
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Cottonwood and Vicinity
Personal Mention and Local Happenings of the Week

Mrs. Harrison who has been ill with influenza is able to be out of bed and around the house at her home.

Chester Hendrickson who has been confined with influenza is up and out of danger. His case was not severe.

The family of Agust Von Bargen are all afflicted with influenza at their home five miles east of town. Miss Bernice Edwards is helping at nursing the family.

Pete Hermes was discharged from the emergency hospital this week entirely recovered from his severe attack of influenza. He left for Greencreek Wednesday.

Miss Marie Ikeum, trained nurse of Lewiston is here to wait on Mrs. Kathryn Fitzgerald who has been ill for some time.
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Howard Red Elk Dead

Howard Red Elk, youngest son of Elijah and Mrs. Red Elk, died at his home in Ferdinand Sunday, after a lingering illness of pneumonia, following influenza. The young man was aged 14, and had been a student at the public school prior to his illness, and had a host of friends.

source: Cottonwood Chronicle. (Cottonwood, Idaho), 10 Jan. 1919. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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The Kendrick Gazette. January 10, 1919, Page 1


Judge Adjourned Court

Judge Steele convened court Monday morning, in accordance with an order issued several weeks ago, but owing to the influenza quarantine he immediately adjourned for an indefinite period. The Moscow health officer had forbidden public meeting and the action of the judge was taken to comply with the rules laid down by them.

source: The Kendrick Gazette. (Kendrick, Idaho), 10 Jan. 1919. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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The Kendrick Gazette. January 10, 1919, Page 2

Linden Items

There have been 34 cases of influenza reported on this ridge up to this writing.

Mrs. DeNyor of Moscow is nursing at the Foster home. Mrs. and Mrs. Foster have been sick for a week and their condition is considered serious yet. The four children are getting along nicely.

Mrs. Edgar John is gradually growing weaker. Mrs. Bohn from Elk river came Tuesday to help care for her.

Mrs. M. E. Newhall is nursing at the Fry home. There are eight influenza patients there.
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Juliaetta Items

There are 36 cases of flu on Fix ridge and some of them pretty bad ones.

Everybody is cutting and hauling ice, which is about eight inches thick and of excellent quality.
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Death of Otho Hall

Otho Hall, son of Mrs. and Mrs. Robert Hall of Fix ridge died at his home of influenza and other complications. He died January 6, 1919, and was eight years of age at the time of his death. The funeral was held January 8.
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Fairview Notes

School is going on but with a meager attendance.

Mrs. frank Palmer, Mrs. and Mrs. Loyd Palmer and George are all ill with the flu.
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Leland News

School is in session again, and it is to be hoped will be able to continue till the end of the school year without interruption.

The flu and smallpox have subsided very materially, in fact at present there is no flu in or about Leland, and only one smallpox patient, and she has almost entirely recovered.

Death has once more entered our community. This time, claiming the eldest daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Henry Peters, who was stricken with influenza on Christmas day, lingering between hope and fear for the past two weeks when pneumonia set in a very grave form. At a little before 10 o’clock on Wednesday, January 8th death relived her of her suffering and her sweet spirit took its flight from the body to enter upon that life immortal within the Heavenly city of God. …

A watch meeting was held at the parsonage to observe the passing of the old year into the new.

source: The Kendrick Gazette. (Kendrick, Idaho), 10 Jan. 1919. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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The Kendrick Gazette. January 10, 1919, Page 4

Idaho News Paragraphs
Recent Happenings in This State Given in Brief Items for Busy Readers

Spanish influenza, which was practically eradicated at Wallace, has shown a decided increase.

Moscow is threatened with open rebellion to the quarantine regulations. The board of health announces that the quarantine will be continued for another week.

source: The Kendrick Gazette. (Kendrick, Idaho), 10 Jan. 1919. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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The Kendrick Gazette. January 10, 1919, Page 6


There will be no school next week as there are still four or five cases of flu in town.

F. B. Smith, assistant cashier at the Farmers Bank and Loyd Strong, book-keeper at the Kendrick Store, are keeping “bachelors’ hall” in one of the Collins’ brick houses. Mrs. Smith rented the house some time ago with the expectation that his family would soon move her from Reardon, Wash., but owing to the fact that there is still some influenza here he is not expecting them for some time.

Born to Mr. and Mrs. Newt Heath of Texas ridge, Sunday, a boy. The members of the Heath family are all ill with influenza.

Mrs. A. E. Wilcox returned from Lewiston Monday, where she has been ill at the hospital there. She is somewhat improved in health.

During the illness of Axel Swanson, night miller at the Kendrick Flour mill, Oscar Raby has had charge of the mill at night, while his father keeps it running during the day time. This is a very responsible position for a boy as young as Oscar, but he is getting away with it in good shape.

The Kendrick Rochdale Co., held its semi-annual meeting at the office in Kendrick Thursday morning. The attendance was small on account of the flu epidemic throughout the country. The routine of business was dispersed with.
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Big Bear Ridge

Ring out the old
Ring in the new;
Ring out pneumonia
And the “flu”!
Ring out the ban, Ring in some glee –
The “flu” is fleeting,
Let it flee.
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The many friends of Mrs. Logan Barclay who known here as Miss Maggie McBride, were sorry to hear of the death of her husband, Dec. 5th of influenza at Nampa, Idaho.

source: The Kendrick Gazette. (Kendrick, Idaho), 10 Jan. 1919. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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The Daily Star-Mirror., January 10, 1919, Page 1


Registration Of Students Delayed
College of Letters and Science Shows Greatest Enrollment For Quarter

Registration for the winter quarter at the university has been greatly delayed by influenza, according to statements made by instructors and officers of the institution. The total number of students enrolled for this quarter is 389. This number is far short of the actual total when the registration is complete. When all students have registered, the number will approximate 450. Of the present registration, 162, or nearly half are girls. Twenty-one new students have registered this quarter, thirteen of whom are girls.

The registration in the college of letters and science greatly exceeds that of any other college. The number totals 255 at the present. This includes all students in home economics, all pre-medic and pre-legal students, as well as other science and art students.

The number of students registered in the other colleges and schools is not so great. There are at present 43 in the college of engineering, 40 in the college of agriculture, 9 in the college of law, 15 in the school of forestry and 10 in the school of mines.

In addition to the 40 regular students in the college of agriculture, there are 17 students registered for the short course in agriculture, which covers a period of twelve weeks.

The registration, according to houses on the campus, is approximately the same as the last quarter. in some instances there has been a decrease in the number, but in most cases this has been more than compensated by the return of old students.

source: The Daily Star-Mirror. (Moscow, Idaho), 10 Jan. 1919. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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The Daily Star-Mirror., January 10, 1919, Page 3

City News

Miss Amanda Hagstrom returned last evening from Kendrick, where she has been nursing cases of influenza.

Miss Peninah Newlin of Boise, has arrived in Moscow to teach in our high school. Miss Newlin takes the place of our newly-elected county superintendent, Miss Lillian Skattaboe, who taught the subjects of English and algebra. Miss Newlin is a graduate of the university and has many friends in Moscow.
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Says Cold Weather Brings Return Of Influenza
Public Must Be Careful To Avoid a Second Epidemic. Easier to Prevent Than Cure. What to Do.

“Encouraging reports of the fewer cases of Influenza in this vicinity should not allow us to relax our vigilance or to become careless in the belief that the danger is over,” says a well known authority. With the coming of cold weather there is apt to be a return of this frightful epidemic and its seriousness will depend on the extent of the precautions, taken by the public, to prevent infection.

When the air is full of Influenza germs, you may be constantly breathing them into your nose and throat. …

[Note: the rest of this article is an ad for a dubious claim of prevention – “Oil of Hyomei” – that, once inhaled, promised to “absolutely destroy the germs of influenza.” It was composed of alcohol, liquid paraffin and a lot of oil of eucalyptus.]
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Examination Of Students
City Health Officers Will Conduct Examination Tomorrow at University.

A physical examination of all students in the university will be made tomorrow by city health officers assigned to that duty by the mayor and university authorities. The young women will be examined at Ridenbaugh hall and the men students at Morrill hall. The student body will be divided into small groups so that there will be no crowding.

source: The Daily Star-Mirror. (Moscow, Idaho), 10 Jan. 1919. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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The Idaho Recorder. January 10, 1919, Page 3


Judge Frees Man With Flu
Court Joins in Rush for Doors When Prisoner’s Condition is Discovered.

Pittsburgh, Pa. – Walter Sanowski went into the criminal court recently as a prisoner and came out scot free and without the regular process of law.

Sanowski was sitting in the prisoner’s dock when attention was called to his physical condition. A doctor was called.

“What’s his ailment?” asked the judge.

“Influenza,” replied the medical man.

Immediately there was a rush for the doors, in which the court joined. His case was dismissed and Sanowski was taken to a hospital.
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Many a man who inquires after your health doesn’t care a rap whether it is good, bad or indifferent.

source: The Idaho Recorder. (Salmon City, Idaho), 10 Jan. 1919. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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The Idaho Recorder. January 10, 1919, Page 5


The May people are fighting to keep the influenza out of the [?] because they realize what the [?] here would be with only [?] doctor. There has been some [?] but it probably wasn’t the [?].

School reopened last Monday, the [?] after a vacation of two weeks. Attendance before vacation was [?] only 15. The approaching epidemic is the cause of so many [absences.]

Roscoe Hamilton is getting [along] very nicely now after a serious [case?] of influenza. Mr. Hamilton [and] three children, Mrs. Harry [H?] and a young fellow staying [?] were all attacked at the same [time?]. Dr. Kirtley was there Wednesday and lifted the quarantine.
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Salmon Locals

Victor Staudaher returned from Boise this week from the sad mission of burying his brother and sister, who were victims of the epidemic in Salmon.

Edmund Crist came to Salmon last week to arrange to move the family of his deceased son, Edmund Dow Crist, to the old home near Gooding. They are to go out by Saturday’s train.

Mr. and Mrs. C. B. Graves left their Patterson canyon farm for the winter and are now located at Rochester, Nevada, where they have been sufferers from the flu. Mr. Graves writes to The Recorder renewing their subscription and says Mrs. Graves was in the hospital 15 days and himself for a period as long except a day. The hospital was conducted by the Red Cross of San Francisco. “That institution,” Mr. Graves says, “from now on has won our everlasting gratitude.” Mr. and Mrs. graves are very highly esteemed by many Salmon friends.

No less than 11 cases of frozen water pipes in as many dwellings are reported on the Brooklyn side of Salmon.

A little trouble for all of us was caused this week by ice interference with the operation of the power plant.

source: The Idaho Recorder. (Salmon City, Idaho), 10 Jan. 1919. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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The Idaho Recorder. January 10, 1919, Page 7

Northwest Notes

Following the destruction of the Elko, Nev., grammar school building by fire Christmas day, the problem of housing the students of these grades when school reopens after more than two months’ influenza ban, has been attacked by the officials and temporary quarters will be provided.

Students at the University of Montana who left school to enter the army and either already have been or will be discharged shortly, will be enabled to graduate with their classes, through courses that ill be offered them during the summer months.

source: The Idaho Recorder. (Salmon City, Idaho), 10 Jan. 1919. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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Montpelier Examiner. January 10, 1919, Page 1


Pneumonia Claims Two Star Valley Sisters

During the past week the Grim Reaper has entered the home of Mr. and Mrs. Nelson C. Allred and called Home their two oldest daughters, Mrs. Charlotte Ashdown and Miss Jennie Allred. No sadder affair has taken place in the annals of Star Valley than the death of these two young ladies, says the Afton Independent.

Mrs. Perry Ashdown died at her home in Big Piney, Monday, December 30th, from pneumonia. Shortly before her death a babe was born which lived only three hours. The bodies of both mother and child have been brought to Star Valley for Burial. … Mrs. Ashdown had been married less than a year and was 20 years of age on the 11th of December.

The second death to take place at the Allred home came New Year’s day, when pneumonia claimed Miss Jennie Allred. She was ill but a few days with Spanish Influenza, when pneumonia developed, death ending her sufferings New Year’s morning. She was 21 years of age last March.

Both Mrs. Ashdown and Miss Jennie Allred were born in Fairview. Here they played, developed into beautiful womanhood, here their busy lives were spent, their battles fought and their faithful service rendered to the world.

source: Montpelier Examiner. (Montpelier, Idaho), 10 Jan. 1919. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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Montpelier Examiner. January 10, 1919, Page 2

Canning Club Champion 1918.

Clara Hoff of Georgetown.

Arvilla Hymas of Liberty stands second.

The record of Miss Clara Hoff of Georgetown, in Canning work scores higher than any other member in the county. She has been awarded the Championship of Bear Lake County for 1918. Miss Arvilla Hymas of Liberty, stands second in the county.

As an award to these two girls the county has offered train fare to and from the Twin Falls Club convention which was to have been held during the week beginning Jan. 13th. The state has offered to pay all necessary expenses of the girls during the week. Hover, Mr. Sargent has just received word that the Conference will not be held because of the seriousness of the influenza epidemic.

source: Montpelier Examiner. (Montpelier, Idaho), 10 Jan. 1919. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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Montpelier Examiner. January 10, 1919, Page 5

Will Discuss Question of Opening the Schools

A public meeting will be held at the city hall Monday night, Jan. 13, at 7:30 o’clock for the purpose of discussing the question as to whether or not the public schools should be opened. The doctors of the city and the board of health will be present and the patrons of the schools are urged to attend the meeting and express themselves freely on the question.
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Only Four Homes in City Under Quarantine

There are only four homes under quarantine in Montpelier this morning. Yesterday two or three cases of flu developed among the railroad men and they were taken to the hospital. Charlie Hager is also a flu patient there. All of the patients have it in mild form. Conditions in the county are also improving, not a death having occurred either in the city or county during the past ten days.

It seems to us that conditions in the city are such that the board of health would be justified in raising the ban on the picture show and the churches. If it is the intention to keep these places closed until there is not a case of flu in town, they will be closed for the balance of the winter, if not for the next six months.
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Local News

Mrs. Mose Lewis left for Salt Lake this morning upon receipt of a message that her husband was under quarantine, having contracted the flu since leaving here for Logan and Salt Lake on a business trip.
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Fish Haven Notes.

Fish Haven, Jan. 8. – The flu situation is clearing up here in fine shape. Every home will be released from quarantine today, except one and it is not yet certain that the members of this family have the disease. There has been a good deal of excitement in the neighboring towns over the influenza situation here. Some of the towns have gone so far as to forbid any one from here going into their villages, even to get a load of hay. Others have called over the phone to ask when certain parties died and when they would be buried. Still others state they were told that there were 35 families quarantined and each family had an average of four down with the dread disease.

Now the facts of the matter are, we never had but eight families under quarantine with 21 cases of colds and influenza. There were only four or five of this number who were at all bad. While we think that people cannot be too careful about exposing themselves to the influenza, still we do not see the use of throwing the whole county into a panic “just for the fun there is in it,” and it would be a good idea for other towns to call up someone in Fish Haven and ask for a statement of the facts before they fly up in the air over nothing.

source: Montpelier Examiner. (Montpelier, Idaho), 10 Jan. 1919. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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Montpelier Examiner. January 10, 1919, Page 8


The year just closed has been one the like of which this nation never before experienced. The war brought on unusual conditions in every line of business. Just as the war clouds were beginning to break and everybody was looking forward to a Merry and prosperous Yuletide, the epidemic of influenza swept ever the country and checked business from one end of the land to the other.

The result is that merchants generally now find their shelves overstocked with winter merchandise, much of which will be out of date next season. There is yet two months of winter and people are actually in need of Heavy Wearing apparel.

In order to recude our unusually heavy stock at this season of the year, we are offering Men’s Suits, Overcoats, Underwear, Ladies’ Coats and Dresses, in fact everything in winter merchandise at prices much lower than you would expect to buy them. Don’t hesitate, but come and purchase the goods you need at Greatly Reduced Prices.

source: Montpelier Examiner. (Montpelier, Idaho), 10 Jan. 1919. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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Public School, Shelley, Idaho


courtesy: the Mike Fritz Collection, History of Idaho
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The Idaho Republican. January 10, 1919, Page 2



The schools were not closed here on New Years day as it was thought that the students have had enough vacation.

Parents are further urged to send their children to school as the danger from the influenza is at its lowest ebb at the present time in this community. There is no more danger in coming in contact with the influenza in the school room than there is with picture shows and the dances.

The doctors report very few new cases of the influenza. This is very incouraging [sic] after being under the flu ban for several months.

All business houses except picture shows, pool halls, drug stores and restaurants closed here on New Years Day.

The Virginia theatre opened here again New Years day.

There was a fair crowd at the New Years dance, which was the first dance here since the flu ban was lifted.

New Years day was a quiet one here.

Several Shelley boys went to Idaho Falls to the dance in the Odean hall New Years night.

Many of Shelley’s young people go to other towns for recreation. Can’t they have just as good a time at home?
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School started Monday morning with a fairly good attendance.

The Frank Grimmit family have the flu.

The Richard Farnsworth family have the flu.

Lester Belnap’s little girl is sick, but it is not known whether she had the flu or not.

Joseph Lyons little boy is very ill at the present time.

Mrs. Dovilla Farnsworth of Rupert is here visiting with her folks. Since coming here the baby is suffering from a severe cold.

John Wray, principal of the Basalt school, who has been home with his family during the epidemic, resumed his duties at the school.

Miss Blanche Robbins entertained a few of her friends New Years eve at a candy pull. … They went over to the school house after the party and rang the old year out, after which they enjoyed dancing at the dance hall.
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Owning to the great number of influenza cases, school will not open here for at least another week.

There are at least a dozen families in Thomas suffering from the influenza. It is reported that Joe Peterson and George T. Webster are very ill.

Olaf Larson’s family are ill with the influenza, but none are reported to be seriously ill.

source: The Idaho Republican. (Blackfoot, Idaho), 10 Jan. 1919. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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The Idaho Republican. January 10, 1919, Page 5

Local News

Groveland school opened Monday with a small enrollment, about fifty pupils in the five rooms.

The school wagon drivers of Blackfoot district report that very few pupils are taking advantage of their services this week.

The Misses Grace Weiser and Mulvaney returned to Blackfoot Sunday from their home in Greeley, Colo. and will take up their work teaching school.

Mrs. Basil Rich has been suffering from influenza the past week.

Mrs. Henry Giles, who has been suffering with influenza, is improving.

Martin Dolan was suffering with a bad cold the last of the week, but is greatly improved at this time.

Mr. Andren of the Andren garage as on the sick list the last of the week.

Miss Maggie McKie went to Pocatello Monday to nurse some sick folks at the J. W. Fox home.

Mrs. H. R. Roice, who was on the sick list last week, is much improved at this writing.

Miss Leona Gertch was ill the last of the week, but resumed her work at the Bingham County News office Monday morning.

J. H. Rich of Rich made a business trip to Blackfoot Saturday. His two daughters Libby and Nancy are just recovering from the influenza.

There is sickness at the home of W. C. Cannon at Riverside and the daughter Crystal came up from St. Mark’s hospital to care for them.

A. Miller of the Blackfoot Meat Market, who has been ill with the influenza, is now able to be about his work again.

C. G. Anderson, cashier of the Blackfoot City bank, who has been confined to his bed with influenza for several weeks, was able to sit up Monday for the first time.

Miss Lauretta Hurley, who is taking nurses training at the St. Anthony hospital in Pocatello attended the dance here Saturday returning to Pocatello Sunday.

Mrs. M. V. Scott of Wapello returned home from Montpelier Tuesday, where she went to the funeral of her brother Edward Weaver who died of the influenza.

The J. E. Estensen family, who have been ill several days with the influenza are much improved and Mr. Estensen expects to be at the store the last of the week.

Miss Milbury Pew, who has been very ill with the influenza in Pocatello, is on the high road to recovery and will resume her duties at the Racket store.

George Kirk is reported ill and confined to his bed.

(continued on page eight)

source: The Idaho Republican. (Blackfoot, Idaho), 10 Jan. 1919. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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The Idaho Republican. January 10, 1919, Page 6


Mrs. Leo Gushwa and son Neil have recovered, after a few days illness with the influenza.

Carlyle Merkley is still ill with the influenza.

S. A. Judd and son Ried are both on the sick list this week.

Ray Gushwa is slowly improving from a severe attack of the influenza.

George Mason is able to be up and around again.
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The Sterling school board have [met?] and decided to have no more school this year, providing the state board of education will permit.

There are no new cases of influenza here at the present time.

The Ward family have all recovered from their recent attack of influenza.

C. G. Loveless has resumed his work at the beet dump, after a short absence due to an attack of the flu.

Mr. and Mrs. Vince Marriot [and] children are recovering from a serious attack of the flu.

Mrs. M. A. Driscoll went to American Falls to see her sister-in-law Mrs. Herman Tiechert and baby who are both very ill with the flu.

source: The Idaho Republican. (Blackfoot, Idaho), 10 Jan. 1919. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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The Idaho Republican. January 10, 1919, Page 8

Local News

(Continued from page five)

Thomas W. Findlay of McDonaldville was a Blackfoot visitor Friday. Mr. Findley reported that owing to the prevalence of influenza in their community the school will remain closed for a while longer.

Thomas Findlay and family of McDonaldville are down with influenza. We are glad to report that none of them are seriously ill at the present writing.

John Wray, principal of Basalt school, passed thru Blackfoot Friday evening enroute to Moreland, where he spent the week-end with his wife and family. The Basalt school reopened Thursday with only a fair attendance.

Miss B. May Harden, who has been visiting her mother and other relatives in Lincoln, Nebr. arrived in Blackfoot Sunday. She left Monday morning to resume her work in Jameston school of which she is principal.

Miss Elvera Steffens of Taber is visiting with friends in Blackfoot this week. Miss Steffens is employed as intermediate teacher at Pingree and expects to be called there soon to again take up her school work.

Miss Anna Carruth of Coleville, Utah is visiting at the home of her brother Mr. and Mrs. J. T. Carruth. Miss Carruth has been teaching school at Driggs, but on account of the influenza the schools have not as yet been reopened.

Miss Crystal Cannon, who has been here nursing the members of her family, who have been suffering from the influenza, returned to Salt Lake Thursday, where she is taking nurses training at the St. Marks hospital.

source: The Idaho Republican. (Blackfoot, Idaho), 10 Jan. 1919. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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The Meridian Times., January 10, 1919, Page 5



Epidemics of influenza have visited this country since 1647. It is interesting to know that this first epidemic was brought here from Valencia, Spain. Since that time there have been numerous epidemics of the disease. In 1889 and 1890 an epidemic of influenza, starting somewhere in the Orient, spread first to Russia and thence over practically the entire civilized world. Three years later there was another flare-of of the disease. Both times the epidemic spread widely over the United States.

“Although the present epidemic called ‘Spanish influenza,’ there is no reason to believe that it originated in Spain. Some writers who have studied the question believe that the epidemic came from the Orient and they call attention to the fact that the Germans mention the disease as occurring along the eastern front in the summer and fall of 1917.”

How can “Spanish influenza” be recognized?

There is as yet no certain way in which a single case of “Spanish influenza” can he recognized; on the other hand, recognition is easy where there is a group of cases. In contrast to the outbreaks of ordinary coughs and colds, which usually occur in the cold months, epidemics of influenza may occur at any season of the year, thus the present epidemic raged most intensely in Europe in May, June and July. Moreover, in the case of ordinary colds, the general symptoms. (fever, pain, depression) are by no means as severe or as sudden in their onset as they are in influenza. Finally, ordinary colds do not spread through the community so rapidly or so extensively as does influenza.

In most cases a person taken sick with influenza feels sick rather suddenly. He feels weak, has pains in the eyes, ears, head or back, and may be sore all over. Many patients feel dizzy, some vomit. Most of the patients complain of feeling chilly, and with this comes a fever in which the temperature rises to 100 to 104. In most eases the pulse remains relatively slow.

In appearance one is struck by the fact that the patient looks sick. His eyes and the inner side of his eyelids may be slightly “bloodshot,” or “congested,” as the doctors say. There may be running from the nose, or there may be some cough. These signs of a cold may not be marked; nevertheless the patient looks and feels very sick.

“In addition to the appearance and the symptoms as already described, examination of the patient’s blood may aid the physician in recognizing ‘Spanish influenza,’ for it has been found that in this disease the number of white corpuscles shows little or no increase above the normal. It is possible that the laboratory investigations now being made through the national Research Council and the United States Hygienic Laboratory will furnish a more certain way in which individual cases of this disease can be recognized.”

What is the course of the disease? Do people die of it?

“Ordinarily, the fever lasts from three to four days and the patient recovers. But while the proportion of deaths in the present epidemic has generally been low, in some places the outbreak has been severe and deaths have been numerous. When death occurs it is usually the result of a complication.”

What Causes the Disease and How it Is Spread?

“Bacteriologists who have studied influenza epidemics in the past have found in many of the cases a very small rod-shaped germ called, after its discoverer, Pfeiffer’s bacillus. In other cases of apparently the same kind of disease there were found pneumococci, the germs of lobar pneumonia. Still others have been caused by streptococci, and by other germs with long names.

“No matter what particular kind of germ causes the epidemic, it is now believed that influenza is always spread from person to person, the germs being carried with the air along with the very small droplets of mucus, expelled by coughing or by sneezing, forceful talking, and the like, by one who already has the germs of the disease. They may also be carried about in the air in the form of dust coming from dried mucus, from coughing and sneezing, or from careless people who spit on the floor and on the sidewalk. As in most other catching diseases, a person who has only a mild attack of the disease himself may give a very severe attack to others.

What Should Be Done by Those Who Catch the Disease

It in very important that every person who becomes sick with influenza should go home at once and go to bed. This will help keep away dangerous complications and will, at the same time, keep the patient from scattering the disease far and wide. It is highly desirable that no one be allowed to sleep In the same room with the patient. In fact, no one but the nurse should he allowed in the room.

If there is cough and sputum or running of the eyes and nose, care should be taken that all such discharges are collected on bits of gauze or rag or paper napkins and burned. If the patient complains of fever and headache, he should be given water to drink. a cold compress to the forehead and a light sponge. Only such medicine should be given as Is prescribed by the doctor. It is foolish to ask the druggist to prescribe and may be dangerous to take the so-called ‘safe, sure and harmless’ remedies advertised by patent medicine manufacturers.

“If the patient is so situated that he can be attended only by some one who must also look after others in the family, it is advisable that such attendant wear a wrapper, apron or gown over the ordinary house clothes while in the sick room and slip this off when leaving to look after the others.

“Nurses and attendants will do well to guard against breathing in dangerous disease germs by wearing a simple fold of gauze or mask while near the patient.”

Will a person who has had influenza before catch the disease again?

“It is well known that an attack of measles or scarlet fever or smallpox usually protects a person against another attack of the same disease. This appears not to be true of ‘Spanish influenza.’ According to newspaper reports the King of Spain suffered an attack of influenza during the epidemic thirty years ago, and was again stricken during the recent outbreak in Spain.”

How can one guard against Influenza?

“In guarding against disease of all kinds, it is important that the body be kept strong and able to fight off disease germs. This can be done by having a proper proportion of work, play and rest, by keeping the body well clothed, and by eating sufficient wholesome and properly selected food. In connection with diet, it is well to remember that milk is one of the best all-around foods obtainable for adults as well as children. So far as a disease like influenza is concerned, health authorities everywhere recognize the very close relation between its spread and overcrowded homes. While it is not always possible, especially in times like the present, to avoid such overcrowding, people should consider the health danger and make every effort to reduce the home overcrowding to a minimum. The value of fresh air through open windows cannot be over emphasized.

“When crowding is unavoidable, as in street cars, care should be taken to keep the face so turned as not to inhale directly the air breathed out by another person.

“It is especially important to beware of the person who coughs or sneezes without covering his mouth and nose. It also follows that one should keep out of crowds and stuffy places as much as possible, keep homes, offices and workshops well aired, spend some time out of doors each day, walk to work if at all practicable — in short, make every possible effort to breathe as much pure air as possible.

“In all health matters follow the advice of your doctor and obey the regulations of your local and state health officers.”

“Cover up each cough and sneeze, If you don’t you’ll spread disease.”
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— —

[Advice to “Flu” Convalescents]

Washington, D. C. (Special.) – According to a report made to the United States Public Health Service, the epidemic of influenza in Spain has already caused an increase in the prevalence and deaths from pulmonary tuberculosis. A similar association between influenza and tuberculosis was recently made by Sir Arthur Newsholme, the chief medical officer of the English public health service, in his analysis of the tuberculosis death rate in England.

In order that the people of the United States may profit by the experience of other countries Surgeon General Rupert Blue of the United States Public Health Service has just issued a warning emphasizing the need of special precautions at the present time. “Experience seems to indicate,” says the Surgeon General, “that persons whose resistance has been weakened by an attack of influenza are peculiarly susceptible to tuberculosis. With millions of its people recently affected with influenza this country now offers conditions favoring the spread of tuberculosis.”

One Million Consumptives in the United States.

“Then you consider this a serious menace?” was asked. “In my opinion it is, though I hasten to add it is distinctly one against which the people can guard. So far as one can estimate there are about one million cases of tuberculosis in the United States. There is unfortunately no complete census available to show exactly the number of tuberculous persons in each state despite the fact that most of the states have made the disease reportable. In New York city, where reporting has been in force for many years, over 35,000 cases of tuberculosis are registered with the Department of Health. Those familiar with the situation believe that the addition of unrecognized and unreported cases would make the number nearer 50,000. The very careful health survey conducted during the past two years in Framingham Mass., revealed 200 cases of tuberculosis in a population of approximately 15,000. If these proportions hold true for the United States as a whole they would indicate that about one in every hundred persons is tuberculous. Each of these constitutes a source of danger to be guarded against.”

What to Do.

In his statement to the public Surgeon General Blue points out how those who have had influenza should protect themselves against tuberculosis. “Any who have recovered from influenza,” says the Surgeon General, “should have their lungs carefully examined by a competent physician. In fact, it is desirable to have several examinations made a month apart. Such examinations cannot be made through the clothing nor can they be carried out in two or three minutes. If the lungs are found to be free from tuberculosis every effort should be made to keep them so. This can be done by right living, good food and plenty of fresh air.”

source: The Meridian Times. (Meridian, Idaho), 10 Jan. 1919. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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The Caldwell Tribune. January 10, 1919, Page 1


Gem State Academy Formally Opened
Dr. W. J. Boone Delivered Address – Seventh Day Adventists of Prominence Spoke.

Idaho’s newest educational institution, the Gem State Academy, was formally opened Tuesday afternoon. Dr. W. J. Boone, president of the College of Idaho of this city, delivered the principal address which was a most brilliant effort. Dr. Boone dwelt up on his experiences in founding and keeping alive the institution with which he is still connected. Dr. Boone’s address was deeply sympathetic as well as brilliant.

The Gen State Academy is a Seventh Day Adventist institution. It was located in Caldwell less than a year ago. Today sees it formally opened and ready for school. …

The school opens with an attendance between 50 and 60 which Dr. Boone in his address contrasted with the opening of the College of Idaho years ago when they started out with two students and a faculty of five. …

source: The Caldwell Tribune. (Caldwell, Idaho), 10 Jan. 1919. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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The Caldwell Tribune. January 10, 1919, Page 5

Items of Interest From Surrounding Territory

Marble Front Items

School opened in this district Monday after the enforced vacation caused by the influenza.

Sterling Bowman, son of Mr. and Mrs. Henry Bowman, is reported sick with the Flu, but is getting along nicely at this writing.

William Christ died Saturday noon of influenza at the home of his parents Rev. and Mrs. W. W. Christ. Interment was made in the Middleton cemetery Sunday afternoon, Rev. Masters of Boise, conducted the funeral services. The Christ family have the sympathy of the entire community in their bereavement.

Mrs. W. W. Christ and son Henry are quite ill with influenza.

Mrs. Geo. Milliner and son, Robert, have been ill with influenza but are reported as improving.

John Thomas, father of Lee and Walter Thomas, is very ill with pneumonia at the home of his daughter, Mrs. Fred Chaney of Middleton.

L. F. Cook as been on the sick list, but is reported better.

Doran and Emory Corn are recovering from the influenza.

Elmer Hodges, son of Mr. and Mrs. Tom Hodges, is reported sick.

Miss Ethel Fugate returned to Caldwell Monday to attend the high school and will stay at the home of her grand father, J. M. Summers.
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The public schools did not open Monday but the six upper grades are doing school work at home under the direction of the faculty.

Influenza is in five families in this neighborhood.

Among the teachers leaving Roswell for the re-opening of school Monday were Misses Vinnie and Olive McCormick who teach at Sunny Slope and Mrs. Gilbert McCormick who teachers in the Caldwell high school.

Louise McCormick returned to Caldwell Sunday to be present at the reopening of the College of Idaho.
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The Wilder public schools opened Monday, having been closed since the closing order enacted by the state board of health first went into effect at the beginning of the influenza epidemic.

Mrs. Ritsema received word Monday from Holland that her brother had died of influenza there.
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Midway News

Frank Hoffman died Monday morning, January 6, from influenza after an illness of a few days. He leaves a wife and little child who are sick from the same disease. Interment was in Kohlerlawn cemetery Wednesday forenoon.

H.  J. Davis, who has been suffering several days from influenza, was taken to St. Alphonsus hospital, Boise, Monday.

Miss Mary Becker, who has been nursing flu patients in Nampa and surround country, left for Midvale Sunday to reopen her school at that place.

Miss Mildred Robinson is suffering from an attack of the Flu.

Miss Gracia Robinson has returned home from Boise, where she has been nursing Flu patients.

Mrs. and Mrs. J. J. Becker received word from their daughter, Anna, who is teaching at Garfield, Wash., that she is seriously ill with the Flu.

Miss Marguerite Bumgarner was on the sick list several days last week.

Mrs. G. W. Bright is suffering from influenza.
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Brier Rose

Dr. Weymouth of Caldwell made a professional visit in the neighborhood on Friday.

Jennett Runciman went to Eagle the first of the week to begin her school work again after a few weeks vacation.

Chicken thieves have been in the neighborhood the past week. Look out for your hen roosts.
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Canyon Hill

The Canyon Hill school has not started yet, but may start the 13th.

The Short Family are recovering from their illness.

A. B. received a letter Monday from Mrs. Lewis at Salt Lake, stating that her daughter and grand child were slowly recovering from the Flu, and had left the hospital. Mrs. Lewis will be home the last of the week.
— —

Harold Johnston, who has been at a Boise hospital for some time suffering from complications arising from influenza, is now well on the road to recovery. He will be brought home within a few days.

source: The Caldwell Tribune. (Caldwell, Idaho), 10 Jan. 1919. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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The Caldwell Tribune. January 10, 1919, Page 6

19190110CT3City and County Intelligence

Judge S. Ben Dunlap was down Monday for the first time since he suffered an attack of the influenza. Judge Dunlap had a severe attack. Mrs. Dunlap and children had the disease but in a much lighter form.

Judge Ed. L. Bryan announced Monday that the opening of the district court should be postponed two or three weeks on advice of health officers. It is thought better to postpone court until the influenza is more thoroughly under control.

The funeral of William A. Crist was held Sunday afternoon at Canyon Hill cemetery. He was 19 years of age and died January 4th from pneumonia following influenza.

R. B. Scatterday is in Pontiac, Ill. where he was called by the death of his brother of Spanish influenza.

Miss Lalia Bissitt was quite sick this week. She suffered a severe attack of pleurisy.

A small fire was caused at the residence of Mr. and Mrs. Glenn Beatty, Friday, by using hot ashes to thaw out frozen water pipes. The fire was quickly extinguished without material damage to the premises.

source: The Caldwell Tribune. (Caldwell, Idaho), 10 Jan. 1919. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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Shoshone Journal. January 10, 1919, Page 1


City Schools Returning to Normal Conditions

At the opening of the schools Dec. 30th the attendance was only 50% of our enrollment, however as the work has progressed the attendance has increased until at the present we have near 75% of our normal attendance. The work of the High Schools has been rearranged to meet the emergency, and the remainder of the year will be divided into two semesters, one of 10 weeks and one of 11 weeks. As nearly as possible all unnecessary and nonessential work and all waste motion has been eliminated. To enable the students to easily accomplish the increased amount of work necessary, to receive credit, the High School Faculty has adopted a home study plan. This requires that the student will spend at least one hour each day in study out of school hours. To make this work really worth while we will issue home study cards; these will be for the purpose of recording each days’ time spent in study, to be signed at the end of the week by the parent or guardian and returned to the principal’s office.

We are sure that no parent desires to have his child advanced to another grade unless prepared for the work of that grade. To ensure the child the greatest amount of good from this years’ work it will require the combined efforts of the teachers, parents and students. To this end we hope all parents will insist upon a regular home study period of at least one hour and will provide, as nearly as possible, a quiet well lighted and ventilated place for study. Too much heat will make the child sleepy and drowsy, therefore the temperature of the room for the best study should not exceed 70 degrees Fahrenheit.

There will also be issued weekly reports to both the students and parents should the work of the student fall below passing. By this we mean that at the end of each week, all students whose work for that week has been unsatisfactory, will be given a report signed by the teacher of that subject in which his grade is low, one of these reports will also be sent to the parents.

Three unsatisfactory reports in the same subject in any one term will be regarded as failure in that subject for the term. In addition to these blanks the regular report cards will be issued every five weeks.

The work in the grades has not suffered as has the high school work. In the grades considerable time is given to the review of the preceding work, therefore, this work will be handled in a series of reviews in connection with the daily work. Much of the hand work on the intermediate grades has given way to the essential subjects and the children are thoroughly covering their work to be prepared for promotion. Promotion, however, is not our aim in the school work. Of primary importance is the amount of knowledge that the child obtains, if this amount is sufficient then promotion follows, not as a reward but as a natural result and an ability to do more advanced work. Promotion without this ability to do advanced work is an injury to the child and the school.

The schools here will not close at least for the present, but we hope that all parents will co-operate with us in the prevention of disease and sickness. Do not keep the children out if they are well for they will profit from the work being given, but if the child has a cold, sore throat, temperature or a more serious sickness please keep him at home until fully recovered. We ask this not only for the good of that child but for the good of his playmates as well. Do not feel that we are doing wrong when we send your child home, should he have any symptoms of sickness, for we are doing it for the good of the schools.

We will appreciate your most needed assistance in all of these matters.

Supt. J. E. Wesson.
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Can You Help A Student?

There are several boys and girls in our community who wish a place to work for board and lodging while attending high school. If you can use a student in that manner please call on Superintendent J. E. Wesson.
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19190110SJ2The Relief Committee
The Shoshone Red Cross Wishes to Announce That It Hereby Tenders Its Services to All Citizens in Its Territory for Any Form of Assistance Needed to Assist in the Influenza Situation. If You or Your Neighbor Need Assistance Don’t Hesitate to Call the Chairman of the Flu Committee, Mrs. W. W. Custer Phone 100.

The Local Flu Situation

The local flu situation is serious and getting worse rather than better. The epidemic seems to be worse in the country than in town. It is reported that on the Dietrich tract there are not enough well people to properly care for the sick and do the farm chores. It would seem that the situation is serious enough to call for quick and vigorous actions of the officials to relieve the suffering. The Red Cross of Shoshone has appointed a committee headed by Mrs. W. W. Custer with a view of rendering all aid within its power.
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Mrs. Carrie Anna Smith, wife of Church Smith, of Dietrich, died last Monday, Jan., 6th at her home, of pneumonia induced by the influenza.

Mrs. Smith was born in Tennessee 24 years ago and moved to Idaho in 1912 with her parents, Mr. and Mrs. Dooley. She was married to Church Smith at Shoshone July 24, 1916.

… she leaves her husband and a five day old son, her father and mother and two brothers at Dietrich…
— —

Big Wood River News

The flu is raging again in our midst.

Several of C. B. Sparks family are sick with the flu.

Mrs. A. L. Horne is numbered with the sick on Big Wood.

The infant daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Earl Burdette is quite ill.

Harry Jones family is having its turn with the flu.

Every table should be spread and every meal should be eaten with the wants of the world in mind.

Not until shell torn battle fields of Europe are turned into wheat fields will the people of those countries cease to look to us for food.
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Red Cross Sewing.

Owing to the severity of the flu epidemic in the country districts the task of completing the sewing assignment of the local Red Cross Chapter in time it will be necessary that more of the sewing be done by the women of the town. The committee in charge of the sewing hereby urgently requests every woman in Shoshone to contribute her utmost effort. Sewing every afternoon from Tuesday to Friday. The call is very urgent.
— —

Armenian Relief Fund.

In spite of our own small misfortunes we must not forget that in Armenia the only thing between several million people and death by starvation is the help they received from the United States.

Through our County Council of Defense we are asked here in Shoshone to contribute $250.00 to this fund. The call will be made January 12. Don’t forget the date or your small share of the contribution necessary to save at least some of these warm victims until peace conditions make them again a self supporting nation.

source: Shoshone Journal. (Shoshone, Idaho), 10 Jan. 1919. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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Shoshone Journal. January 10, 1919, Page 4

Quarantining Influenza

To Quarantine or not to quarantine is the great question today before the public and the Medical profession. From the best information todate the disease is as baffling to the most learned doctor as to the most ignorant citizen. Sheepherders in isolated camps who have seen no other human for weeks are found dead in their beds. In this county the disease seems worse in the country districts than in the towns.

Recently a ship sailed from Vancouver for Sidney, Australia. Before sailing every person to sail on the vessel was shut up in a twenty day quarantine where they were treated as thoroughly as modern science knew best. The vessel was thoroughly fumigated and disinfected, yet on the 18th day of the voyage six cases of the flu developed out in the mid-Pacific after all the possible precautions had been taken.

The most successful prevention so far developed seems to be individual isolation of the afflicted. A quarantine of public places and on business is but half a measure. Household isolation breaks down probably because [it is] never thoroughly enforced. Individual isolation with a strong vigorous hand to enforce it seems to be the best specific yet used in preventing the spread of the contagion.

source: Shoshone Journal. (Shoshone, Idaho), 10 Jan. 1919. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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Shoshone Journal. January 10, 1919, Page 5

Local and Personal News

W. W. Gwin, of the Stockgrowers, has had his round with the flu bugs the past week. He is again able to attend to business.

Mr. Pinney is reported as seriously ill at Ontario, Oregon where Mrs. Pinney went last week to care for him.

It is reported in Shoshone that a sister of Henry Hall, of Jerome, has been a victim of the influenza epidemic.

Frank Millsaps has been on the sick list for the past week.

Lyon LeMunion has been on the sick list.

Dr. Zeller was over from Jerome Wed.

The School Board held a special meeting Wed. night.

Miss McMahon, 1st and 2nd grade teacher on the North side is still quite ill with the flu.

Miss Lena Judy, one of the teachers at Kimama is quite ill with the flu.

Mr. and Mrs. H. G. Avery have moved into the Whittington residence, next to the Episcopal church. Miss Sanderson one of the High School teachers has taken a room with them.

Miss Eleanor Anderson has returned to her school work at Caldwell.

The Ladies Aid met last Wednesday at the home of Mrs. Harry Anderson.

The ladies Aid society expects to have a sure enough hot time at the M. E. Church next Wednesday. They will give a Chili-Con-Carni supper.

source: Shoshone Journal. (Shoshone, Idaho), 10 Jan. 1919. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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Culdesac High School, Culdesac, Idaho ca. 1910 (1)


courtesy: the Mike Fritz Collection, History of Idaho
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January 11

The Daily Star-Mirror., January 11, 1919, Page 1


City Officials Authorize Lifting Quarantine Monday

“It should be clearly understood that the reason we are lifting or modifying the quarantine,” stated City Health Officer Dr. W. A. Adair, “is the improved condition of the community with respect to influenza. During the past week only three families have been reported as having it. Of these the patients in two are now entirely well again.

“The cautions observed by the public should not be diminished in any degree. Unless people are careful we shall have a return of the plague in a worse form than ever, as Portland and many other cities are having it right now.”

Moscow will be an open town tomorrow.

The influenza ban except with slight modifications, has been lifted by the city officials.

Tomorrow morning for the first time in several weeks, the wishes of the local ministers will be granted, and they will hold services at the usual hours.

On Monday the school board will open the seventh and eighth grades, and, if no spread of the disease occurs through this move, other grades will be opened the following week.

The change in the quarantine regulations was decided upon at a meeting held last night in the rooms of the county council of defense, which was attended by Chairman Parsons of the defense council, Mayor Truitt, the city and county health officers, and Dr. Boyd, representing the city council health committee.

A careful survey of the influenza situation was made by those present. Only three cases had been reported for the week, one of them being from Pullman. It was decided that as the experiment in opening the high school had been entirely satisfactory, and as the opening of the university with the return of many students from all over the state had been effected without the appearance of a single case of influenza, the city could safely allow the churches the privilege of public worship, provided only adults attended the services for church and Sunday school.

The university quarantine which has confined students to the campus was lifted this noon, and the students were permitted to come down town to the various stores, to do their delayed shopping.

To the delight of their many patrons who have felt deprived of their chief source of entertainment, the picture shows will be opened Monday night. Certain restrictions as to seating will be in force. Billiard halls will also be open next week.

No student of the 7th or 8th grade or of the high school is permitted to go to any public gatherings. Dances are still under the ban.

“The influenza quarantine has cost the city school district of Moscow,” stated President of the Board L. F. Parons, “not less than $20,000, considering the wages paid and the overhead expense. If we are able to do so, we shall keep the schools open until July 1, in order to make up at least some of the time lost. We hope that the opening of the seventh and eighth grades will be so little attended by an outbreak of the disease that we may go ahead and gradually open other grades week by week.”
— —

Health Tests Show Splendid Condition
Students Make Remarkable Record in Examination By Doctors

The results of the physical examination of students in the university are gratifying in the extreme. Only one student, a girls who came from Spokane last night, shows any trace of temperature enough above normal to be regarded as a suspect.

The foregoing is the statement of City Health Officer Dr. W. A. Adair, who says that a splendid system for conducting the examination was evolved by Mr. Wodsedalek, which resulted in their disposing of more than 400 students in a single half day.

The physicians who participated in the examinations were Dr. Adair, Dr. Clarke, Dr. Rae, and Dr. Stevenson. They were assisted by Mr. Wodsedalek, Miss Blomquist, Miss Bernadine Adair, and a number of pre-medic students.

In view of the fact that the student body is comprised of persons who have come here recently from surrounding towns where influenza prevails, the records of the physical test are regarded as little short of astounding.
— —

Farmers’ Week Now Abandoned
Western States United Is Surrendering Programs For Current Year

It will occasion disappointment to a good many people over the country when they learn that, owing to the danger of spreading influenza there will be no sessions of the Farmers’ and Home-makers’ week scheduled for next month.

This decision was reached last evening by the faculty of the college of agriculture which was assembled to consider the text of a message of Dean Iddings on the subject. Dean Iddings, who is now in Washington, wired the department that, due to influenza, Minnesota, Iowa, Montana, Oregon and Utah had all decided that it would not pay to take the risk involved in assembling the pubic at this time.

He stated that President Lindley and Director Fluharty shared his opinion that it would be well for the state of Idaho to follow the example of these states. The government will not send out the famous men who had been announced for various programs, and it would have been impossible, in that case, to make the session as attractive to the pubic as they would have been had all the noted speakers been on the platform.

In commenting upon the matter, county agent leader Kjosness said that he still hoped that it would be possible to hold in Moscow some time toward the end of this month, the annual conference of county agents and extension workers from over the state.

“If we do arrange for this very important meeting,” said Mr. Kjosness, “we shall, of course, observe every precaution. We will admit no one to the meetings except the agents and extension workers.”

source: The Daily Star-Mirror. (Moscow, Idaho), 11 Jan. 1919. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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The Daily Star-Mirror., January 11, 1919, Page 2

Carelessness and Influenza

The authorities have put the influenza situation squarely up to the people of Moscow; and whether this city remains open or again has to undergo the very expensive and annoying experience of being closed down will rest entirely with our citizens. The intelligence with which the privileges due to the lifting of the quarantine are enjoyed, will determine whether there will be an outbreak of new cases or whether the number will be kept down to so few that the general public need not be penalized on account of them.

How shall this care be exercised, and from what practices shall the people refrain? The self-restrain required by the application of a few principles of common sense ought not to be too severe a burden for any one.

First and foremost, the mingling of people in even fairly large groups should be minimized. Pleasant as it is to renew social relations with our friends, all gathering of an unnecessary nature should be cut down to a very few. And in this connection, it may be mentioned that is nothing short of a crime for a person who feels even slightly indisposed to accept an invitation and thrust his company upon persons who may suffer serious consequences from the association. There could be nothing more selfish than for persons with headache and other symptoms of influenza to refuse to exercise the small amount of self-denial which will keep them at home with their own symptoms.

In the second place it is the duty of every citizen to see that his system is in good condition, that he lives upon a diet calculated to build up resistance to germs; and that he does not overwork, or overplay. Fatigue and the consequent reduction in vitality have had a very dangerous part in the fatalities recorded in this epidemic. Preserving with scrupulous care both internal and external cleanliness, sleeping in well ventilated rooms or on porches, and taking daily adequate exercise in the open air are some of the practices which have become a duty to ourselves and our neighbors.
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Public Statement

Editor Star-Mirror:

Referring to my proclamation in this issue of your paper, which modifies the orders, rules and regulations promulgated in my other proclamation published in the Daily Star-Mirror, January 8th, 1919, I wish to state that owing to the difficulty of prescribing in detail the necessary restrictions that are still deemed advisable to control and prevent the spread of influenza in the city, I have by the terms of said proclamation delegated full authority and power to Dr. Adair, city health officer, to make all rules which he may deem necessary to control and prevent the spread of said disease. And I hope with the assistance of all our citizens we may soon free our city from the dangerous scourge. In this connection I wish to say to all of our citizens whose privileges have been interfered with, whose business has been injured, and in fact to all who have been inconvenienced in any way by the quarantine, that I wish to extend my thanks to them for the patience they have generally shown under the quarantine restrictions and for the promptness with which they have complied with such restrictions. I wish to especially thank the physicians of the city for their valuable aid so freely given to the city authorities in preventing the spread of this disease; and I also thank the university authorities, and the school board of this city for their generous assistance and efficient help in this matter. And to those who have opposed the city authorities in enforcing quarantine order and regulations, I trust that they will forget the troubles and deprivations caused thereby, that they may soon get back to their normal feelings and be happy in the joy of that peace of soul that “passeth understanding.”

Warren Truitt, Mayor.
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Almost Free From Flu.

Kendrick now has but very few cases of flu, as nearly all of those who were taken ill about two weeks ago have recovered. The prospects now look very encouraging in the town itself. It seems that the ridges tributary to Kendrick are experiencing rather a severe epidemic this week. American ridge has over thirty cases, Fix ridge about the same number and Texas ridge and Cedar Creek ridge also have a considerable number, with a few on Potlatch ridge. It is to be hoped that the end of the week will see improved conditions in the community. – Kendrick Gazette.
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source: The Daily Star-Mirror. (Moscow, Idaho), 11 Jan. 1919. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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The Daily Star-Mirror., January 11, 1919, Page 5


Referring to my proclamation published in the Daily Star-Mirror, of this city, January 8th, 1919, under the advice of the city health officer and other physicians of the city, I do now hereby modify the restrictions therein named upon any public, or quasi-public meeting, assemblage, or gathering of people, or persons, and that all public or private places of business, or businesses within the corporate limits of the city of Moscow, Idaho, or within five miles of the corporate limits of said city, to the extent that the quarantine order, rules and regulations as to meetings, assemblages and places of business now in force under said proclamation are hereby changed and modified to the extent only that they may be opened and conducted under orders, rules and regulations made by the city health officer; and all of such orders, rules and regulations as are given by him shall have the full force and legal effect as if promulgated by proclamation of the mayor of this city. Provided, however, that this proclamation does not remove, or change the present prohibitory quarantine orders, and rules as to houses where the disease is found, nor as to persons domiciled in, or visiting such houses; and the prohibitory quarantine is still in force as to public or private dances, and as to card playing in any public place in the city, or within five miles of its corporate limits.

This proclamation is made, filed and published under and by virtue of the power in me vested by Ordinance Number 485 of the city of Moscow, Idaho.

Dated at Moscow, Idaho, this 11th day of January, 1919.
Warren Truitt, Mayor of the city of Moscow, Idaho
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City News

Mrs. I. A. Hawley and Mrs. Mary Mewhinney, teachers of Viola, are spending the week end in Moscow.

Miss Esther Christenson went to open her school Monday on Little Bear Ridge, after an enforced vacation on account of influenza.

Miss Elsie Nelson, who has just recovered from a severe attack of influenza, went to her school at Winchester today. Miss Pearl Martin of the university has been substituting for Miss Nelson.

Miss Amanda Hagstrom went to Palouse this morning to nurse influenza cases.
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Frank L. Moore was today appointed administrator of the estate of Otis D. and Dora H. Bradley, who both recently died from influenza. Mrs. Bradley was a daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Harry Rawson of the community.
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The First Christian Church.

We rejoice like the Pilgrims of old, because we can again have our liberty, and worship God when and where we please according to our consciences and in obedience to God’s word: “Neglect not the assembling of yourselves together as the custom of some is.”

source: The Daily Star-Mirror. (Moscow, Idaho), 11 Jan. 1919. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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High School Priest River, Idaho


courtesy: the Mike Fritz Collection, History of Idaho
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January 13

The Daily Star-Mirror., January 13, 1919, Page 1


Influenza Much Worse In Places
Much Better in Moscow, But Worse at Other Points – Potlatch is Bad

There has been a fresh outbreak of influenza in many places and the ban has been put back on tighter than ever. This is true of Portland, Wallace, Kellogg and Potlatch, where the ban had been lifted and things were “wide open” as before the first appearance of the epidemic. California is considering postponing the legislature and Oregon is considering the same move. Dr. Adair, city health officer, says the ban has been put on all public meetings at Wallace and Kellogg and at Potlatch. He says there were 58 new cases at Kellogg last week.

Dr. Adair has issued the following statement of conditions here:

“Some seem to misunderstand the quarantine modification or regulation now in force. I would state that the quarantine is still on to the extent stated in the mayor’s proclamation, that is, that dances, private or public, grouping around tables for cards or other games in pool halls and lodges or club rooms and church or lodge banquets are prohibited.

“Pupils of the public schools are prohibited from attending moving picture shows. This to some seems a harsh restriction. They contend that it is no more dangerous to allow them to attend the shows than to go to school. In school every one is examined, both in the forenoon and afternoon by a trained nurse, and all suspects are sent home, but the crowds at the theatres are not so examined.

“Churches still observe the restriction of seating in every other row. The special police still remain on duty to carry out the instructions given the first of last week to business houses, of not allowing more than fifteen people to one floor or department.”
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Influenza Is Bad On The Ridges
Family Loses Two Children in One Day – Frank Brokey is a Victim

The epidemic of influenza on the ridges near Kendrick is of a very serious nature at present. Frank Brockey [?], a farmer of American ridge, died Sunday of pneumonia following influenza.

Saturday, two children of Wm. Whybart of Little Bear ridge died from the disease.

Mrs. George Davidson of American ridge is seriously ill of pneumonia following influenza.

Yesterday 36 cases of influenza were reported on the lower end of American ridge.

The disease seems to be sweeping the county in waves, and great care is needed to be taken by all to prevent the further spread of the epidemic.
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Wear Masks at Portland.

Portland, Jan. 12. – Wearing of gauze masks as a preventative against Spanish influenza and other drastic measures will become effective in Portland Monday, by order of Dr. E. A. Sommer, director of the anti-influenza campaign. The mask order is not as yet backed by law, but people are asked voluntarily to wear masks when in public places. Street cars are to be allowed to carry only their seating capacity of passengers, and theatres will not be allowed to crowd, Dr. Sommer has announced. Fifty government nurses have been ordered here from Camp Lewis to aid in caring for influenza patients.
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Jacob A. Hoke Is Influenza Victim
Well Known Young Man Called By Death – Wife is Critically Ill

The people of Moscow are saddened to learn of the death of Jacob A. Hoke at 7:30 this morning at his home at 517 S. Jackson street. Mr. Hoke had been ill about two weeks with influenza followed by pneumonia. His wife is seriously ill of the same disease.

Mr. Hoke was 25 years of age… He was married in 1916 to Miss May Campbell of Sprague, Wash. …

source: The Daily Star-Mirror. (Moscow, Idaho), 13 Jan. 1919. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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The Daily Star-Mirror., January 13, 1919, Page 3

City News

The installation of officers of the Rebekah Lodge will not be held as was planned on account of the influenza.

Mrs. Marcus, one of our eighth grade teachers, is ill in Spokane. Miss Margaretta Costello substitutes for her until her recovery.

Miss Ruth Hall, teacher of the Potlatch schools, was in Moscow Saturday.
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Contribution Box

I wish to state in answer to the criticism that some people are making about the merchants having such great freedom in their sales. Will admit that there was apparently quite a large crowd collected in front of one of our stores this week; there is no objection to crowds in the open. There was not fifty people as stated by some of the critics; but there was about 30 admitted. Myself and deputy went in with the crowd and did not allow grouping at any place in the store and have been trying to follow our instructions and not allow more than fifteen to one floor or department, and go the round of the stores about every twenty minutes. Some of the business houses have their own special police to assist in this order.

J. C. Stillinger, Chief of Police

source: The Daily Star-Mirror. (Moscow, Idaho), 13 Jan. 1919. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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Wallace, Idaho, High School


courtesy: the Mike Fritz Collection, History of Idaho
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January 14

The Idaho Republican. January 14, 1919, Page 1



19190114TIR3Controversy Over Flu Quarantine Results in Ousting County Officials
Officials Too Hasty and Unreasonable in Making Arrests
Disregard Court Orders to Release Imprisoned Men. Hostile Mob Keep Judge out of Town

Sheriff W. K. Huntington of Custer county has been ousted from office and Dr. C. L. Kirtley has resigned his position as county health officer, after a controversy of several weeks over quarantine regulations.

Hunters Got Hunted

As stated in this paper some time ago, six Mackay men went out into the mountains to hunt deer in the Loon creek country, and in passing thru the uninhabited part of the county that was quarantined, were considered by the officers as having violated the quarantine and Sheriff Huntington went out and arrested them and brought them into Challis, the town which the officials were trying to keep outsiders out of so that influenza might not be brought in. They were placed in jail and held there over night notwithstanding a court order commanding that the men should be given their liberty.

Amputated the Telephone

When District Judge J. E. Cowen attempted to present his orders by telephone, the receiver was hung up and the instrument disconnected. When he tried going into Challis to personally get things straightened out, a mob gathered at the edge of town and declared their intention of forcibly preventing his entrance into the town, the sheriff being present and not interfering with the stand taken by the mob. On the strength of the quarantine, the judge was prevented from entering the town, and when it appeared to the officials that they needed the advice of a lawyer, they sent for W. H. Holden of Idaho Falls and had him brought to the quarantine limits by a Mackay man, T. R. Jones, and he was met there by an auto from Challis and taken into the town that was quarantine notwithstanding they barred the judge from similar entry, pleading enforcement of the regulations for public health.

Mortification Set In

In the course of the consultations it was found that there was no legal quarantine, Dr. Kirtley, county commissioner and county health officer appointed by the board of which he was a member, having labored under a mistaken idea. He had merely met one of the commissioners in the road and talked over the matter of establishing a quarantine and decided to do it. The other member of the board merely said to go ahead and do whatever he thought best, and he would stand by the doctor. There was no meeting, no records or minutes and no legal steps to create a quarantine for the county or any part of it.

Question of Right of Way

At a gathering of citizens of Challis, resolutions were adopted and signed by a number of persons including two practicing attorneys, W. W. Adamson and M. H. Brown the county attorney, advising against obeying the court order or anything conflicting with the quarantine.

Flocks of Short Circuits

When these two attorneys went on record against obedience to court orders and Huntington and Kirtley disregarded the court orders that had already been delivered to him, and threatened to imprison the officer who delivered the order, then Judge Cowen cited those four gentlemen to appear in court at Mackay and answer for contempt of court. Ouster proceedings had also been brought against the sheriff and commissioner for failure to perform their duties according to law, and the board were accused, among other things, of allowing a bill for $265 to Dr. Kirtley as health officer and allowed by himself as commissioner; also a bill for legal advice by W. H. Holden for $1000 when there was no occasion for it. Both bills were protested by citizens and payment stopped.

Left in Outer Darkness

In the course of the row, C. V. Hansen, the Mackay member of the board wanted to go to Challis, the county seat and participate in the deliberations of the board, but they would not let him go because of the quarantine. Hansen it seems, was in sympathy with the Mackay men who were unlawfully thrown in jail, but Holden the lawyer for the erring officials, was allowed to enter Challis and remain over night.

Found Who Was Wrong

At the end of the trial of Dr. Kirtley, he plead guilty of contempt of court, resigned his position as health officer, withdrew his bill of $265, and is now awaiting sentence at the hands of Judge Cowen.

W. K. Huntington plead guilty of contempt and was removed from office and required to pay a fine of $500 to the men had had unlawfully placed in jail. This was handled by Judge Terrel of Pocatello who presided at the trial, Judge Cowen considering himself disqualified.

Attorney W. W. Adamson plead guilty of contempt of court and is now awaiting sentence at the hands of Judge Cowen.

Then Came Influenza

Mr. Adamson was taken ill at the trial or immediately afterwards and went home and went to bed with influenza.

W. H. Holden went home and went to bed with a severe attack of influenza.

D. E. Rathbun, another attorney from Idaho Falls who accompanied Judge Cowen when he tried to get into Challis, went home and had influenza.

The town of Challis having been so completely and effectively quarantined, decided to have a grand ball during the holidays and about half of them went home from the dance and had influenza.

The town of Mackay, having been pretty well quarantined and having had only a few cases, decided to have a holiday ball and after the ball many of the dancers had influenza. Also a large number of other people who did not go to the dance and who were not exposed so far as they knew, staid [sic] at home and had influenza.

We omitted saying that the bill of W. H. Holden for advice was killed in court, while Holden was at home with influenza.

T. R. Jones who drove the car that hauled these various officials and lawyers back and forth in their trouble is reported to have escaped having influenza.

Some fellow was found to have come into Challis while the dance

(Continued on Page Eight.)

Controversy Over Flu

(Continued from page one)

was in progress and to have taken to his bed with all the symptoms, and nearly died and he was declared to have been in the dance hall for a while and to have given all of them influenza. A movement was started to mob him, but when they found how weak he was they desisted, whatever that means, saying he was too weak to stand the operation.

We Give You Timely Warning

We have been requested to pronounce a warning to all travelers going into the Challis country for the next two or three years, not to utter a word about quarantine or influenza.

The Cause and Effect

Down in the Mackay country it is whispered quite out loud that the whole rumpus grew out of a county seat contention, Mackay having been a candidate for the county seat honors and a compromise was about to go into effect to divide the county and make Mackay the capital of Copper county or something. But when the Mackay people learned that some of their favorite sons were languishing in the new Bastille at Challis, charged with having gone out thru the mountains where nobody lived and where a bogus quarantine was very much in effect, they waxed wroth and said to one another, “Be damned! We will wait two more years and then take their county seat away from them and leave them nothing but the Bastille, and we will place wire entanglement around it and leave it there to mock them. Selah!”

source: The Idaho Republican. (Blackfoot, Idaho), 14 Jan. 1919. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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The Idaho Republican. January 14, 1919, Page 2

Influenza In Shelley Families

Mrs. W. P. Henry of Shelley writes that the J. W. McMillan family of eight members were stricken with influenza on November 28. The ten year old son, Paul, developed pneumonia at once and lay in a critical condition for many days, but thru the skilled efforts of Dr. F. E. Roberts and good nursing they all pulled thru safely. Also the E. L. Mastin family have been suffering but are recovering nicely.
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School has commenced again with quite a large attendance.

Bishop Taylor, who has been suffering with influenza is able to be around again. No other members of the family have taken the disease.

J. Sparks and Albert Anthony made a trip to Ririe. Owing to the influenza which is prevalent in that place they soon returned home.

The Mecham family who have been suffering with the influenza are much improved at present.
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There is no more flu in our town.

School opened Monday with a good attendance under the able management of Miss King.

The family of W. L. Kluesners of American Falls, but formerly of this place, are all reported to have the flu.

Taber is in great need of a school or correction or some strict officers to stamp out the petty larceny that is going on, as stealing traps, breaking in locked houses and tearing up furniture and wasting the contents therein. And stealing chickens. Some of the families have lost as high as several dozen chickens in one week.

source: The Idaho Republican. (Blackfoot, Idaho), 14 Jan. 1919. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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The Idaho Republican. January 14, 1919, Page 3


Owing to the fact that the influenza is still prevalent in this community many of the children have not started to school.

The Jacobson family is improving from the influenza.

Stanley Richardson is ill which is reported to be influenza.

source: The Idaho Republican. (Blackfoot, Idaho), 14 Jan. 1919. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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The Idaho Republican. January 14, 1919, Page 5

Local News

George Kirk of Centerville is reported quite ill at present.

George Kirk who has been quite ill at his home in Centerville is very much improved.

E. J. Norton of the Seeger-Bundlie store is confined to his home with influenza.

Miss Milbrey Pew will resume her duties at the Racket store the last of this week. She is recovering nicely from an attack of influenza.

Miss Elva Cherrington, who is teaching at Keever spent Sunday with home folks.

Miss Lillian Stoll, a teacher in the Pocatello Tech, spent the week-end here with Miss Josephine Hendrie.

Miss Carrie Lowe of Arco stopped over in Blackfoot the last of the week on her way to Firth, where she will take up her duties as teacher.

Mrs. Lalah Lint and Miss Affie Fisher teachers at Kimball spent the week-end visiting relatives in this city.

Miss May Harden, principal of the Jameston school, near Shelley, spent Saturday and Sunday in Blackfoot the guest of her sister Mrs. Weldon Robbins and family.

Miss Frances Carlson went to Thomas Sunday evening preparatory to opening her school there Monday. The Thomas schools have been closed since the epidemic.

source: The Idaho Republican. (Blackfoot, Idaho), 14 Jan. 1919. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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The Idaho Republican. January 14, 1919, Page 6


Hester Thompson has recovered from the influenza and the Sims family are also on the road to recovery.

source: The Idaho Republican. (Blackfoot, Idaho), 14 Jan. 1919. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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The Idaho Republican. January 14, 1919, Page 7

Upper Presto

Several families are still quite ill with the influenza.

The Higley family are all ill with the flu and Dr. Roberts and Mrs. Robert Quinn are attending them.

Mrs. R. H. Teeples and son Morris are both on the high road to recovery. They are suffering with the influenza-pneumonia. The rest of the family are all able to be around.

There are five of the Stoddard children down with the flu. Dave Dye and wife are taking care of them.

Mrs. Grace Jones from Pocatello is visiting with her parents Mr. and Mrs. Albert Davis. She has received word that her husband, who is in the army is quite ill with the influenza.

The Frank Wilson family and the Whithworth families are ill with the flu.

Rafel Larsen and family and Ervin Jolly and family are taking the vaxine [sic] for the influenza.

Chris Olsen of Goshen, who has been very ill with the influenza is slowly recovering. His mother-in-law Mrs. Sissions, who has been living in Ogden returned to her home Saturday.

The R. H. Teeples family have been sick with the influenza. Mrs. Teeples suffered pneumonia following influenza, but is now improving.

The Christofferson family have been ill with the influenza since before Christmas. Their little two year old daughter contracted the pneumonia and died New Years night. The community extend their deepest sympathy to the bereaved parents.

Mrs. J. W. Stoddard, who want to Idaho Falls to nurse her two daughters’ families and while there contracted the disease herself. She is slowly gaining her strength and her son Willie is now sick at their home.

Chris Olsen is dangerously ill with influenza-pneumonia.

Mrs. E. W. Hansen received a telephone message Thursday from Ted Radford saying that Joseph Teeples and family were there to visit them and they all contracted the flu. Mr. Teeples was dangerously ill, but is now improving.

Will Humphrey is ill and it is reported to be the flu.

E. W. Hansen motored to Blackfoot Thursday to get things for the burial of the little baby of Mr. and Mrs. Christofferson who died of pneumonia as Mr. and Mrs. Christofferson as just able to be out of bed.

The family of J. W. Hess are just recovering from a severe attack of the flu.
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There is a much better attendance at the high school now than when the schools were opened. There will not be a very big graduating class this year, but the freshman, sophomore, and junior classes are as large as last year and the freshman is in fact much larger.

Very few new cases of the influenza are now being reported by our local doctors.

N. N. Holm has been confined to his bed several days with a bad cold.
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Mr. and Mrs. H. R. Chapell and son Lee are ill with the influenza.

Charles Underwood is ill with the influenza at the home of Mr. and Mrs. Gobe Holmquist.

The John Nelson family are ill with the influenza.

Leslie Corbridge and family are ill with the influenza.

Mrs. George Andrews was on the sick list this week.

Mrs. M. A. Driscoll returned Sunday from American Falls, where she was called by the severe illness of Mrs. Herman Tiechert and baby. Mrs. Tiechert was placed on a bed in an auto and brought to the Driscoll home, where she would have more careful nursing. She is now slowly improving.

The dance here Tuesday evening was not very well attended.

source: The Idaho Republican. (Blackfoot, Idaho), 14 Jan. 1919. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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The Idaho Republican. January 14, 1919, Page 8

Died At Goshen

A son of Mr. and Mrs. George Munson of Goshen died of influenza Sunday.

Mr. Munson is said to have been very low, but is improving.
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Local News

Mrs. Hazel VonLastiwicks the principal of the Sterling school is ill and unable to attend to her school duties. Mrs. Marguerite Chapman Wheeler of this city is acting as substitute in her stead this week.
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The K. P. Lodge

The K. P. Lodge held a fine social meeting at their lodge rooms last Tuesday evening.

They will meet This Tuesday and enjoy a banquet.

source: The Idaho Republican. (Blackfoot, Idaho), 14 Jan. 1919. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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Bonners Ferry Herald. January 14, 1919, Page 1


Mrs. Agnes M. Crocker Dead
Victim of Spanish Influenza – Funeral Held Saturday Afternoon

Mrs. Agnes M. Crocker, wife of Geo. E. Crocker, died Thursday morning of pneumonia contracted from Spanish influenza. The funeral services were held at the grave Saturday afternoon and were conducted by Rev. E. W. Burleson, rector of the Episcopal church. The Bonners ferry schools closed at noon Saturday out of respect for the deceased who for several years had been a teacher of the primary grades and who at the time of her death was principal of the grade work. …

Mrs. Crocker was sick just a week, having contracted the influenza Friday a week ago. When pneumonia set in she lost strength quickly and soon passed away. …

Mr. and Mrs. Crocker came to Bonners Ferry in 1908. The deceased is survived by her husband, two daughters and a son. …
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Miss Bachman Acting Principal

At the meeting of the school board of Independent School District No. 4, held last evening, Miss Ruth Buchanan, teacher of the fourth grade, was elected acting principal of the grade school in the place of the late Mrs. Crocker.

The school trustees have elected Miss Maude Brooks, of Red Wing Minn., as teacher of the seventh grade but have not yet received her acceptance.

Supt. Kerr reports that the new practice of serving hot soup to the students who bring lunches to school, is most satisfactory and is greatly enjoyed by the students. Between 60 and 70 pupils are being served each day under the direction of Miss Spurling, head of the domestic science department.

source: Bonners Ferry Herald. (Bonners Ferry, Idaho), 14 Jan. 1919. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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Bonners Ferry Herald. January 14, 1919, Page 2

Idaho News Paragraphs
Recent Happenings in This State Given in Brief Items for Busy Readers.

Charles E. Struthers, United States district employment agent for the five northern counties of Idaho, died at Wallace Saturday of pneumonia following influenza. he was a member of the 1917 legislature. His widow is very low with the disease.

Eleven new cases of influenza were reported to city health officer at Wallace Saturday. This is less than the number reported during the preceding days. It is thought that the crest of the epidemic has been reached, but the ban is to remain until conditions improve.

Influenza conditions have again become such that all public gatherings and the schools have been put under the ban at Kellogg. By order of the board of health no gathering of any nature in excess of six adults at any one place is permitted under penalty of arrest. Children of school age are not permitted to leave their homes, and parents are held responsible for the enforcement of this rule. Influenza cases are being strictly quarantined. About 150 cases of influenza are reported together with several cases of smallpox.
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Mining Notes

The coal production of British Columbia … production has been much reduced during the past six weeks by the influenza epidemic. …
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The Associations.

The annual convention of the National wool Growers’ association, which was to have taken place in Salt Lake City January 16, 17 and 18, has been indefinitely postponed, owing to influenza conditions. Dr. S. W. McClure, secretary, said the wood growers may convene in April, during the stock show to be held there that month.

source: Bonners Ferry Herald. (Bonners Ferry, Idaho), 14 Jan. 1919. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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Bonners Ferry Herald. January 14, 1919, Page 7

Local Pick-ups

According to a letter received this week from W. J. McGlocklin, his whole family is down with Spanish influenza and Mrs. McGlocklin is seriously ill.
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Page 8


source: Bonners Ferry Herald. (Bonners Ferry, Idaho), 14 Jan. 1919. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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The Daily Star-Mirror., January 14, 1919, Page 1


Influenza Rages At Other Points
Pullman Closes Schools The Third Time – Colfax is Worse – Many Deaths

The influenza situation in the Palouse country is growing worse. Pullman closed her schools yesterday for the third time. There have been many deaths in Whitman county, five occurring at Colfax, where an effort is being made to keep the schools going, but they may have to close. Colfax had escaped with fewer cases and deaths than any town in the Palouse country until recently, when the disease made its appearance and there were 10 new cases Sunday and five to noon Monday.

Pullman Schools Closed.

Pullman. – For the third time this term the city schools yesterday afternoon were ordered closed for an indefinite period on account of influenza. Two teachers and over a score of students have been stricken with the disease in the last three days. The closing order followed a conference between the school board and the health department. The higher grades will follow the system of home study by assignment employed during the quarantine.

The order has not yet been extended to pool rooms, theaters, lodes and other assembles [sic], but students are forbidden to take part in any public activities.

The influenza situation in the Snake river district at Wawawai, 15 miles southwest of Pullman, is said to be serious, with the epidemic spreading at an alarming rate. One death was already occurred there.

S. W. Batty, age 27, a well-known fruit raiser of Wawawai, 15 miles southwest of Pullman, succumbed to influenza after an illness of four days. He is survived by his widow, one child, his parents, Mr. and Mrs. William Batty, pioneer Wawawai fruit farmers, and several brothers and sisters.

Much Worse at Colfax.

Colfax, Wash. – Influenza seems to be increasing in Colfax and vicinity. Dr. John Benson reports 10 new cases for Sunday and five up to noon yesterday. The disease is proving more fatal than formerly. There have been five deaths in the last week.

Lou Schiblin has been appointed assistant to Dr. Benson to check pupils absent from school each morning. All new cases found are put under strict quarantine and it is hoped to keep the schools open.

Loran M. Barnet [?], age 29, proprietor of the Model grocery, died Sunday at St. Ignatius hospital of pneumonia following influenza. The firm of Barett & Crossler took charge of the Model grocery last fall. Mr. Crossler was killed in an automobile accident in October when on his way to Pullman to visit a soldier brother who was ill with influenza. Mr. Barnett is survived by his widow and one child, his parents and several brothers. The body will be taken to Spokane for interment.
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Influenza Raging Near Mexico City

Mexico City. – Ravages of Spanish influenza among the poor charcoal burners who live in the mountains surrounding the capital are said to be responsible for the unprecedented price which that commodity is bringing. In the last month charcoal which is generally used for cooking purposes, has increased about 300 percent in cost. The municipality has made arrangements to buy this product in quantities and retail it at reduced figures. One paper in the capital states that almost 90 per cent of the Indians who supplied Mexico City with the fuel were victims of the scourge.
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Sending Relief To Far Off Siberia
Inhabitants of Villages Dying With The Flu For Lack of Medicines

Archangel. — (Correspondence of the Associated Press.) – A trawler loaded with American food has just poked its way through the dangerous reef-dotted waters of the White Sea along the shores of the Kola peninsula and brought relief to the inhabitants who were, in many instances, actually starving. In one village the residents had had no sugar for two years. …

“The entire coast line has been swept by influenza, which has taken terrible toll because they were absolutely without medicine. At Ponoi, where our ship had to leave quickly to escape the ice, thirty persons died in a week out of a total population of three hundred. They also have had much scurvy.

“All along the coast we were hailed as ‘Saviors of Russia.’ The people here think just that – that America will save Russia from all its troubles.”

source: The Daily Star-Mirror. (Moscow, Idaho), 14 Jan. 1919. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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The Daily Star-Mirror., January 14, 1919, Page 2

“Flu” May Halt Lawmakers.

Sacramento, Cal. – Early adjournment, possibly at the end of this week, of the California legislature for the constitutional recess on account of influenza was being discussed by members here last night. The constitution provides for a 30-day recess during the session.

The Sacramento city influenza ordinance became effective at noon today. While authority to enforce the ordinance on state property was questioned, it was expected virtually all the legislators would wear masks.

source: The Daily Star-Mirror. (Moscow, Idaho), 14 Jan. 1919. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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The Daily Star-Mirror., January 14, 1919, Page 3

House Members Ill.

George L. McGowan, Custer county, and C. O. Greenwood, Minidoka county, members of the house of representatives of the state legislature, are both sick with Spanish influenza, and have been excused indefinitely from attendance at the house sessions. Mr. McGowan took sick soon after his arrival in the city the first of the week. Mr. Greenwood sent word from his home at Hazelton of his illness. H. A. Pugh, Gem county, has sent word that because of sickness in his family he will be unable to attend the legislature for some time.
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Spanish Influenza More Deadly Than War
Said That Epidemic Cost More Lives Than American Loss in Battle.
Danger Not Over. great Care Necessary to prevent Further Outbreak.

The appalling ravages of Spanish influenza in this country are perhaps best realized by the statement recently made, that more deaths have resulted in little more than a month from this disease than through our whole eighteen months participation in the battles of the European War.

Our greatest danger now, declare authorities, is the great American tendency to forget easily and to believe the peril is over Competent authorities claim the coming of cold weather is very apt to bring a return of this disease and there should be no let-up throughout the winter months of the … easily observed precautions, remembering that Influenza is far easier to prevent than cure.

Influenza is a crowd disease. Influenza germs spread when ignorant or careless persons sneeze of cough without using a handkerchief. Cover up each cough or sneeze. Do not spit on the floor, sidewalk, in street cars or public places. Avoid the use of common drinking cups and roller towels in public places. … [Rest of story is an add for “Oil of Hyomei” – see above.]

source: The Daily Star-Mirror. (Moscow, Idaho), 14 Jan. 1919. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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The Daily Star-Mirror., January 14, 1919, Page 5

City News

Fred Jones, who has been very sick with influenza at Pullman, is back in Moscow, where he is convalescing.

Dr. W. H. Carithers returned Saturday from Boise, and will now remain in Moscow.

Judge E. C. Steele leaves tomorrow for Lewiston to hear some cases for Judge Scales, who is ill at Grangeville of influenza.

source: The Daily Star-Mirror. (Moscow, Idaho), 14 Jan. 1919. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.

Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 1)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 2)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 3)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 4)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 5)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 6)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 7)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 8)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 9)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 10)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 11)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 12)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 13)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 14)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 15)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 16)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 17)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 18)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 19)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 20)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 21)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 22)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 23)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 24)