Idaho History Oct 25, 2020

Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic

Part 28

Idaho Newspaper clippings January 19-23, 1919

School Photos courtesy: the Mike Fritz Collection, History of Idaho
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January 19

Evening Capital News., January 19, 1919, Page 1

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8000 Yankees Arrive; 150 Flu Cases Aboard
Cruisers South Dakota and Montana and the Transport President Grant Carry Men; Three Men Die on Voyage.

New York, Jan. 18. – Nearly 8000 troops arrived here today on the cruisers South Dakota, Montana and the transport President Grant. All showed evidence of tempestuous weather prevailing on their trip across.

There were 150 influenza cases on the President Grant. Three men died on the voyage. Their bodies will be sent to their homes. …
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Mary’s Well Again.

Los Angeles, Jan. 18 – Mary Pickford, who has been suffering from influenza, was virtually recovered tonight, it was announced from her home here.

source: Evening Capital News. (Boise, Idaho), 19 Jan. 1919. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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Evening Capital News., January 19, 1919, Page 3

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City Health Board Finds Influenza Is Not Crowd Disease
Investigation of Four Days Proves That Most Victims Did Not Contract It at Any Public Gathering.
Closing Ban At An End
Will Continue to Investigate Source of Disease and Recommend Those Feeling Badly to Stay Away From Crowds.

The city board of health will no longer enforce the closing ban in Boise. Its members are of the opinion that influenza is not contracted in crowds, and they base their conclusions upon an investigation of cases to ascertain how the victims caught the disease. Finding that but a few of them had been out in crowds, and that a vast majority contracted the disease from members of the family having it, the city board of health will take no further action in closing public places as a preventative measure.

Mayor Hays Saturday night issued the following statement concerning the investigations and gives a report from Rev. Willsie Martin, chairman of the home service department of the Red Cross:

“The City board of health has been much subject to criticism. The manner in which influenza should be prevented has not been thoroughly worked out by the medical profession. Heretofore in all cases the board acted on medical advice. When called on by the Red Cross committee, and closing of the pool halls and picture shows was urged, we did not do so, but acted under the belief in closing them that that was what the people wanted, although our investigation had led us to believe that this was a wrong method.

“There are stores into which a larger number of people enter than any other institutions in Boise. Three Main street stores in the height of the epidemic employed 166 clerks, only six of them had the disease. The picture shows employ seven people who constantly come in touch with the public; none of them had the disease. If the disease was primarily spread in crowds, the clerks and the picture show employees should all have had it.

Investigation Made.

“The board determined to find out how the people who had the disease thought they contracted it. They made an investigation in the last four days of 138 cases. They found that only one of these persons had been at a dance, only one in a pool hall and two at a picture show. Ten got it visiting, 21 did not know how they got it, and 14 got it from various causes, such as delivering at houses not quarantined and other like causes and 92 cases were contracted from other members of the family. Quarantine of churches, lodge meetings, or picture shows on this showing is not warranted. Family visiting was responsible altogether for 30 cases out of 138, a large enough percentage to justify a quarantine against visiting and to authorize its continuance. We had previously requested the Red Cross to investigate this question through their nurses.

Spreads Rapidly In Families.

“The spread in the families of the persons originally taking the disease is very great. It amounted to 92 cases out of the 138. This must be prevented as much as possible. The board is studying the problem. While we say the ban against public gatherings is not justified, but the facts should not be understood that we recommend them. We say keep away from crowds unless you are feeling perfectly well.”

Rev. Willsie Martin, head of the home service section of the Red Cross, reports as follows:

“Many are uncertain were they contracted the ‘flu,’ most are suspicious of crowds. But in the large majority of cases the parties having the ‘flu’ feel they got it from some neighboring family or individual who had the ‘flu’ prior to their contracting it. The answers indicate that in many instances the family from whom contagion came was not quarantined and that in many instances there was no fumigating of the home or clothes or bedding in the family that spread the contagion.”
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Payette.

Dr. McDonald returned from training camp and has reopened his office in the old location.

Dr. Crouch of the medical department, now in France, has been promoted to the rank of captain. His commission dates from September, 1918.
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Pneumonia Causes The Death Of Prominent Emmett Woman

(Capital News Special Service.)

Emmett, Jan. 18 – Mrs. Ellen Boone Bostetter, wife of Emery O. Bostetter, died Saturday morning at the family home on the bench. Pneumonia following influenza caused her death. With her husband she came to Emmett 11 years ago and since been active in affairs of the community and was a devoted, Cristian woman and had been a member of the Congregational church for 30 years. Besides her husband she leaves three children, Harold aged 14, Ruth 12 and Richard 11, two brothers, H. K. Boone of Boise; Ray Boone of Iowa; four sisters, Mrs. Robert McClure of Emmett; Mrs. W. B. Anderson, Toledo, Ia.; Mrs. George Beyton, Rawley, Ia.; Mrs. Howard Antlers of Cedar Rapids, Ia. The funeral will be held Monday afternoon at 2 o’clock at the Bucknum chapel. Rev. A. C. Lanthrop will officiate and burial will be in the Emmett cemetery.

source: Evening Capital News. (Boise, Idaho), 19 Jan. 1919. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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Evening Capital News., January 19, 1919, Page 4

[News from University of Idaho]

Influenza still puts the glimmer on college social activities at Moscow. Churches and theaters operate on the alternate row basis, but public or private dancing is still taboo. Several all college dances have been announced, but the city health officer fails to see the light of the dancing bug, and the danceless spend their spare evenings otherwise, probably studying.

source: Evening Capital News. (Boise, Idaho), 19 Jan. 1919. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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Evening Capital News., January 19, 1919, Page 10

Meridian.

Charles Harris is reported seriously ill with the Spanish influenza.

Mrs. L. A. Songer is reported quite Ill.
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Eagle.

James Morrison and family, who have been quite ill with influenza, are able to be out among their friends again.

K. Fujikawi returned home today from a Boise hospital, where he has been the past few weeks.
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Caldwell.

Judge H. H. Richards of Boise transacted legal business in the city today.

Judge J. M. Thompson transacted legal business in Boise today.
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Nampa.

Miss Lillian Moore, of the faculty of the University of California, left this afternoon to resume her work in that institution after having spent the holidays in the city with her parents, Judge and Mrs. G. T. Moore.

G. N. Conyers is spending the week in Boise with his wife, who is under medical treatment in a hospital in that city. Mrs. Conyers is reported to be progressing nicely.
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Infant Lockwood Funeral.

Caldwell, Jan. 18. – Funeral services were held from the family residence this afternoon at 2:30 o’clock for Laura, the infant daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Frank Lockwood, who died yesterday from the influenza. Interment was in Canyon Hill cemetery.
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Ustick.

The schools here will open at 8:30 Monday morning.
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State’s Quota for Armenians in Sight
Headquarters Reports Twelve Counties Have Raised Proportionate Share – Others Coming Fast.

Twelve Idaho counties have raised their quota of funds for the relief of starving Armenians and Syrians and the state will come across with its quota of $75,000, is practically assured. The drive has been on during the past week in most of the counties of the state. Several, including Ada and Canyon, are held up for the present by the influenza epidemic and organization is just being completed. …

source: Evening Capital News. (Boise, Idaho), 19 Jan. 1919. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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Evening Capital News., January 19, 1919, Page 11

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Noble Sacrifice Made By Nurse
Mrs. Zubala Nurses Brother Through Crisis, Then Contracts Influenza and Dies Saturday Night.

There is sadness today among the sisters and nurses at St. Alphonsus’ hospital. Another of the nurses, who graduated from the hospital training school has sacrificed her life on the altar of love and duty – Mrs. Narcissa Gestel Zubala, who died Saturday night at 8:30 of pneumonia following influenza.

Mrs. Zubala, who was married a year ago and has since made her home at Brigham, Utah, came to Boise a short time ago to nurse her brother, Manuel Gestel, who was stricken with influenza. For three days and nights during the critical period of his illness, his faithful sister stayed at his bedside. She was then stricken with the disease in its worst form, pneumonia followed which caused her demise.

Mrs. Zubala was born and reared in Boise. Her parents were among the oldest inhabitants of the city and were at one time owners of a portion of the Union block on Idaho street. Mr. Gestel built and operated the first greenhouse in Boise. He died some three years ago. Mrs. Gestel graduated from St. Alphonsus training school some five years ago and followed her chosen profession until her marriage. She was regarded as an exceptional nurse, having many patients in southern Idaho and eastern Oregon.
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19190118ECN5Little News of Boise

Examinations This Week.

The regular eighth grade examination for students will be held throughout the county Wednesday, Thursday and Friday of this week. Owing to health conditions, the examinations will be held in the schoolhouses instead of the capitol building.

Kelly – C. J. Kelly, aged 50 years, died of pneumonia at a Boise hospital Saturday. He leaves no known relatives in this state. Mr. Kelly came to Idaho years ago from Pennsylvania and has since made this his home. The funeral will leave the Schreiber & Sidenfaden chapel Monday morning at 8:45. Services will be held at St. John’s cathedral at 9 o’clock and burial will be in St. John’s cemetery.

Council of Women Voters.

Members of the Idaho legislature will address the Council of Women Voters Tuesday night at its regular session on pending bills before the legislature. The addresses will follow a business meeting of the council.
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(ibid, page 19)

source: Evening Capital News. (Boise, Idaho), 19 Jan. 1919. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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Southwick School during Construction, Southwick, Idaho ca. 1909

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courtesy: the Mike Fritz Collection, History of Idaho
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January 20

The Daily Star-Mirror., January 20, 1919, Page 1

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Ban Both Public and Private Dances
Health Officer Adair Put Stamp of Disapproval on Dances During Epidemic

The first case of influenza to be reported to Moscow authorities for twelve days was that of Cecil Ryan, son of Mrs. G. C. Ryan, 106 S. Polk St. Physicians state that the case is not serious.

A ban on all dancing, public and private has been issued by Dr. W. A. Adair as an additional precautionary measures against the disease. Persons who are reported as violating this order will be quarantined for a period of four days.

Dr. Adair wishes it made clear that private dances are included in the ban. City health authorities have prohibited public dancing for some time, but despite this ruling several informal dances have been held. These must be discontinued, says Dr. Adair until all danger from the epidemic is past.
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Former Moscovite Dies in Norway.

Myklebust brothers and their sister Anna, all residents of this city until recently, when they removed to Troy, were advised by cablegram from Norway Wednesday of last week of the death of their brother, Albert. Deceased formerly resided here and was employed in the department store of N. Williamson until he returned to Norway in the fall of 1913. The cablegram did not state the cause of his death, but his relatives here believe it was due to influenza, which they learned he had contracted early last fall and which left him in a weakened condition. During the past five years he was employed as a missionary for the Chinese Mission stationed in Norway. The young man had a number of friends in Moscow who will regret to learn of his untimely death.

source: The Daily Star-Mirror. (Moscow, Idaho), 20 Jan. 1919. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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The Daily Star-Mirror., January 20, 1919, Page 3

Three Deaths From Influenza.

The death from influenza of Mrs. George Davidson of American ridge last Friday has been reported. Death from the dread disease has also invaded the home of the Whybark family on Big Bear ridge, where one child died Thursday morning and another Friday morning. While nursing the children the mother also contracted the disease, but is reported to be recovering. A number of cases are reported on that ridge and the situation on Texas ridge was reported much worse last week, there being altogether about 33 cases reported.

source: The Daily Star-Mirror. (Moscow, Idaho), 20 Jan. 1919. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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The Daily Star-Mirror., January 20, 1919, Page 4

Young Nurse Has Novel Experience

Sandpoint. – Sunday night, through the nonarrival of an expected extra helper, the Red Cross hospital was left in charge of one nurse, and she a mere girl. Before morning this heroic young helper was called on to minister at a death and a birth besides giving regular care to 10 or 12 influenza cases.

Mrs. Davis, head nurse at the red Cross hospital, has broken down under the strain of caring for influenza patients is now herself a patient in the City hospital. Mrs. Davis’ condition is not considered at all serious, and she has not contracted the influenza; but the doctor through it imperative that she should be removed from the atmosphere of the disease. On Monday a call to Spokane for help brought the answer that not a nurse could be spared from that city.
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Clinton News Items

It has been decided to open the Hunt school on Monday, Jan. 20th.

The little son of Mr. and Mrs. Clinton Havens has been seriously ill but is now improving.

Miss Ruby Helland is confined to her home with a bad cold.
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source: The Daily Star-Mirror. (Moscow, Idaho), 20 Jan. 1919. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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Evening Capital News., January 20, 1919, Page 6

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19190118ECN5Little News of Boise

“Flu” Improving

The spread of “flu” at the penitentiary has been stopped, apparently, for no new cases have developed, and those who are sick are on the road to convalescence. The quarantine on the “pen” will be removed shortly if no new cases are found.

No New Cases

Dr. Pond, city physician, reports that no new cases of influenza have been reported as needing his services, and but six new cases reported to Health Officer Pfirman Saturday. Doctors agree that the mild weather of the past few days is having a great deal to do with the cessation of the disease.

Editor and Wife Improving.

Mr. and Mrs. Guy Flenner, who were taken ill with influenza, are much better. Mr. Flenner was able to sit up a short time Sunday. Their daughter, Mrs. George Graff, and the latter’s son, have also recovered. The quarantine may be lifted from the home today.

No Serum Yet.

The serum that was supposed to have been received by the city a few days ago has been delayed on account of the Mayo brothers not getting the order, it going through a mistake to some other establishment. It was received finally by the Mayos, and they wired the city today that a shipment would come forward at an early date.

Recuperating.

Mrs. A. Tyler and her daughters, Monica and Anna, have recovered sufficiently from their attacks of influenza to be able to be out.
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Kuna.

The school board has decided on Jan. 27 as the date on which school will reopen unless there is a recurrence of the influenza epidemic.

The Baptist church resumed its regular services Sunday after several weeks’ vacation due to the illness of the pastor and his flock.

source: Evening Capital News. (Boise, Idaho), 20 Jan. 1919. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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Goodrich School, Goodrich, Idaho

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courtesy: the Mike Fritz Collection, History of Idaho
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January 21

The Idaho Republican. January 21, 1919, Page 1

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Martha Winkler Victim of Influenza
End Comes Sunday Morning After Hard Suffering. Died at Kirk Home in Groveland
Parents were at Bedside

Miss Martha Winkler, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. F. Winkler of Taber, passed away at the home of George Kirk Sunday morning, Jan. 19 at 9 o’clock, from pneumonia and brain fever, following influenza.

Miss Winkler had been working at the Kirk home since early last fall and was with them at the time the dread disease compelled her to go to bed. Her parents were sent for as soon as her condition became serious and were at the bedside since Friday. All that could be done to restore the young woman to health was done, but the grim reaper made a strong fight and conquered.

The sociable, happy disposition and warm heart of Miss Winkler made for her many friends who will not forget her. She is survived by a mother and father, five brothers and two sisters.

Rev. Colver of the Baptist church, of which Miss Winkler was a member and for which she worked ardently, will conduct the funeral services at the grave in the Grove City cemetery, at 2 o’clock this Tuesday afternoon.
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19190121TIR3
Howe Boy Dies at Blackfoot
Fred Rogers Jr. Succumbs to Influenza at Home of Grandparents Sunday
Will be Buried at Howe

Earl Rogers Jr., nineteen years of age, son of Mr. and Mrs. Joseph Rogers of Howe, Idaho and eldest grandson of John R. Rogers of this city, passed away at the home of his grandparents Sunday morning, Jan. 19, at 1:30 o’clock.

The young man had suffered hard for two weeks with influenza-pneumonia and all that skilled care and loving hands could do was done to save the precious life, but in vain. His home was in Howe, Idaho, but the fatal sickness came upon him while visiting in Blackfoot and he was immediately taken to the home of his grandparents where he remained until the end came.

Mr. Rogers was born at Howe, December 12, 1899 and he made his home at that place continuously. The associates and friends that will mourn his loss are many. The body will be taken to the home at Howe, and interment made in the cemetery at that place Wednesday.
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[Mr. Yandell]

… He has his workshop where he makes all manner of repairs of farming implements, both in wood and iron, and when his family had influenza last fall, he took care of them himself without the aid of a physician. He kept records of temperature and respiration, and went about it as methodically as a physician. His records of temperature were not at all slipshod, for they were kept in fractions of a degree. …

source: The Idaho Republican. (Blackfoot, Idaho), 21 Jan. 1919. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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The Idaho Republican. January 21, 1919, Page 2

Idaho Budget

The triplets of Mrs. Thomas Moran of Boise, which have caused so much attention on the part of Idaho people ever since their birth, are all sick with influenza. Mrs. Moran’s husband is serving with the army in France.

Influenza conditions are so serious at Kellogg that all public gatherings and schools have been put under the ban by order of the board of health. No gatherings of any nature in excess of six adults at any one place is permitted under penalty of arrest.

There have been a total of 24 fatalities in Lemhi county from influenza, 18 of which occurred at Salmon City. This is a result of several hundred cases which have been reported in the county since the first outbreak of the disease, about the middle of October.

The ushering in of the Greek new year at Pocatello was the cause of wholesale arrests by the police in Greek quarters on gambling charges. A general roundup by members of the police and sheriff’s forces resulted in thirty-seven arrests, and in each case the participants of the “poker” games were caught redhanded.

source: The Idaho Republican. (Blackfoot, Idaho), 21 Jan. 1919. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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The Idaho Republican. January 21, 1919, Page 3

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School Notes

All work at the schools is progressing very nicely at the present time. The school nurse turned in a report Friday that indicated a much better condition all thru the schools the last of the week than the first. The attendance has scarcely attained the normal condition as yet, but most absentees are traced to colds or other ailments than influenza. In the entire school enrollment there are just two cases of flu.

At the high school there is an actual attendance of 297 pupils which means an enrollment of over 300. In order to seat all in the assembly it was necessary to move the seats together in rows of two and thereby make room for a few additional rows of seats. An audience of 600 can be comfortably seated by placing chairs in the aisles.

The honorable school board have about concluded to permit the various classes to conduct properly chaperoned dances in the new building. If the students will co-operate with the authorities for a short time and refrain from attending dances during the influenza epidemic they will soon be tripping the light fantastic to their hearts’ content. The room is scarely [sic] large enough to make room for the entire school to conduct a dance at one time, so each class will have their turn.

The entire building is heated with one pound of steam under the plan in operation. Under former plans fifteen to twenty-five pounds of steam would be necessary to heat the same number of cubic feet of air. At the base of each radiator is a little trap door that can be opened for ventilation. When the little shutter or trap door is opened the cold air from out of doors passes in and rises thru the radiator, thereby cooling the radiator and slightly warming the air before it is distributed thru the room.

source: The Idaho Republican. (Blackfoot, Idaho), 21 Jan. 1919. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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The Idaho Republican. January 21, 1919, Page 5

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Local News

Miss Marie Dore is on the sick list this week.

Al Miller is recovering nicely from his recent illness.

George Kirk who has been suffering with a severe attack of influenza is much improved.

W. F. Martin, who has been ill most of the winter, is able to be around at the present.

Rev. J. E. Gooding of Gooding conducted services at the Methodist church Sunday evening.

Miss Margaret Lyons, who has been nursing influenza patients at Aberdeen for the past week has returned.

Mrs. Sarah Snyder of Ogden, who is visiting with her daughter Mrs. F. A. Sloan, is recovering nicely from her recent illness.

Mrs. Lewis Robbins was called to Idaho Falls Saturday on account of the seriousness illness of her mother at that place.

Miss Clara Chamberlain was on the sick last the latter part of the week and unable to attend to her duties at the Hassing Studio.

Frank Spanbauer Sr., who has had a hard segie [sic] of sickness, was in town Friday for the first time in several months.

Mr. and Mrs. Wilford Chapman are suffering with influenza at this writing.

F. C. Parkinson returned Friday night from Preston, where he was called on account of the illness of his father, who at this writing is much improved. Mr. Parkinson says they are having a very pleasant winter in Cache Valley with no snow as yet.
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Quarantine Notice

Pursuant to law the board of county commissioners consisting of R. G. Bills, M. A. Fugate, James Christensen, W. E. Patrie M. D., the last named having been appointed by said commissioners January 15, 1919 met as a county board of health; proceedings as follows:

Whereas, this board in regular meeting on January 13, 1919 adopted a certain resolution or regulation wherein all churches and theaters were ordered closed and all meetings and public assemblages of every kind absolutely prohibited thruout [sic] Bingham county until further order of the board.

Now, said matter coming on for rehearing after the appointment of a new county physician, Dr. W. E. Patrie, and upon consultation with said officer, and a more thoro [sic] examination into said matter and the board being fully advised in the premises.

It is hereby ordered that the said regulations of January 13, 1919 be modified, so that same shall remain in full force and effect as to the territory lying south of Pingree, embraced Independent school districts Nos. 54 and 58 and common school districts Nos. 1, 56, 57 and 60 and thruout [sic] the balance of Bingham county, picture shows, churches, lodges and other public assemblages, may be opened and held, with the exception of dances both public and private which are positively prohibited.

It is further ordered, that all picture shows shall only be permitted to operate on conditions, as follows:

Exclusion of known, apparent or doubtful persons who may have, or are recently recovering from influenza or other contagious diseases.

Free ventilation, a clean place of business, strict enforcement of the laws of sanitation as defined by the state and city, and a willing compliance with suggestion of this board including instructions to public which may be given on slides and state of the show instructing public.

Every second row of seats to remain vacated.

All persons are positively prohibited from expectorating or spitting upon any sidewalk, or upon the floors or walls of any store, hotel, depot, picture show, theater, pool hall, office, stairs or hall in any public or private place, and any persons violating the provisions of this order will be proceeded against under the penal laws of the state.

Dated January 16, 1919, 12 m.
By County Board of Health,
R. G. Bills, Chairman.
Attest: W. E. Patrie Secretary.
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Death At County Hospital

Joe Lopez, age forty years, died at the county hospital Thursday afternoon, Jan. 16.

Six weeks ago he contracted influenza and soon developed tuberculosis. He was taken to the county hospital for care about three weeks ago and suffered very severely while he lived.

He was a brother to the famous Lopez bandit, but of a respectable character and all who know him held him in high esteem. He has lived in this community for the past few years.
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Succumbs to Pneumonia

Mr. Chappel, age twenty-eight died at his home in Sterling, Thursday morning from pneumonia following influenza. Mr. Chappel was depot agent for the railroad company at that place. He is survived by a wife and one child besides several brothers and sisters.

Funeral services were conducted Friday afternoon by Rev. Peterson and the body was laid to rest in the Sterling cemetery. …

source: The Idaho Republican. (Blackfoot, Idaho), 21 Jan. 1919. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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The Idaho Republican. January 21, 1919, Page 6

Kimball

The Wright family is suffering with influenza at present.
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Moreland

Mrs. Matilda Benson and Mrs. England are on the sick list.
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Springfield

The community was deeply grieved to learn of the death of Keith Nelson of Sterling. The father John Nelson and a younger brother Park, are very low with the influenza. John Nelson is one of the earliest settlers in this country and Keith was well known thruout [sic] the valley. Many friends extend their sympathy to the bereaved family.
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Sterling

The sheriff came down Friday and ordered all influenza cases quarantined. Ezra Wheeler was busy Saturday and Sunday quarantining all the new cases.

Mrs. Ed Chappel of Pocatello is here nursing the H. R. Chappel family, who are ill with the flu.

Miss Hazel Quigley and Marie Verbick of Grandview have been assisting at the H. R. Chapple home this week.

H. R. Chappel is very seriously ill with the flu and is not improving as fast as his friends would like to see him. Mrs. Chappel and Lee are convalescing.

The Greenwood family are ill with the flu.

Charles Thompson and family are all ill with the flu.

Frank Herr is ill with the flu, but is getting along nicely.

The Patten family are ill with the flu. Lila is very seriously ill.

Alvin Partridge was on the sick list the first of the week.

The John Grouch family are reported ill with the flu.

Mr. and Mrs. John Nelson and two sons are ill with the flu, Mrs. Nelson is much improved, but Mr. Nelson and the boys are very seriously ill. A trained nurse from Pocatello is in attendance.

Dr. Patrie of Blackfoot has been a frequent visitor here this week on professional business.

Miss Nazzie Bowling and Miss Rosa Hale came down on Saturday to take up their duties as teachers.

source: The Idaho Republican. (Blackfoot, Idaho), 21 Jan. 1919. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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Evening Capital News., January 21, 1919, Page 2

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Claims Masks Bar To Justice; Want Make-Ups Removed

San Francisco, Jan. 21. – The wearing of influenza masks may hamper justice, it was declared in Judge Graham’s court today.

Attorney Walter L. Lindforth, representing one of the litigants in a will contest before Judge Graham, asked that witnesses be instructed by the court to remove their masks, declaring that the statute entitles him to see the faces of the witnesses. He also declared that the facial expression of the witnesses during testimony was often as significant as their words.

Judge Graham refused to lift his order that masks be worn continually in court. He suggested that Attorney Lindforth establish authority for his claim and determine whether the mask ordinance conflicts with the statute.

source: Evening Capital News. (Boise, Idaho), 21 Jan. 1919. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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Evening Capital News., January 21, 1919, Page 6

19190118ECN5Little News of Boise

Good School Attendance.

An attendance ranging from 90 per cent in the high school to from 70 to 85 per cent in grade schools was reported Monday evening on the first day of the reopening of the schools since they were closed prior to Christmas. Seven children were sent home because of illness by the nurse, but the number is regarded very small for the enrollment.

Five Influenza Victims.

Five members of the family of Frank Johns, formerly of Boise, died in Portland last week of influenza, the deaths occurring within 24 hours. Frank Johns,, aged 63, died Thursday and his four grand children died Friday morning. The dead children are Joel Baldwin aged 12, Maude age 6, Frances aged 6, and Robert aged 10. They were the children of Mr. and Mrs. Robert Baldwin and their deaths leave them childless. Mr. John has been in Portland for a year, having moved there from Boise.
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Auditor Back at Desk.

E. H. Gallett, state auditor, who has been ill for several days with influenza, is back at his desk again prepared to take up his work.

source: Evening Capital News. (Boise, Idaho), 21 Jan. 1919. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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Evening Capital News., January 21, 1919, Page 9

Star.

Richard Wing, who has had the flu, is able to be out again.
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Meridian.

A bronze service tablet has been received by the rural high school. On it are inscribed the names of the following members of the 1918 graduating class who entered the military service of their country: James Fuller, Alvin Hashbarger and Lawrence Hosford. Of these young men Hashbarger made the supreme sacrifice and Hosford has been decorated for gallant service.

Mrs. Ed. Eartman and children are recovering from the influenza.

L. V. Barber is reported seriously ill with pneumonia.

source: Evening Capital News. (Boise, Idaho), 21 Jan. 1919. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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Bonners Ferry Herald. January 21, 1919, Page 1

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Boundary County’s Legislators Write From The State Capitol

… letter to the editor, dated January 18th, Senator Walker writes in part:

“The influenza plague is letting up to some extent so that the schools here are to resume Monday. There are 12 beds vacant in the Alphonsus hospital – the first time for two months that that or all other like institutions were not overflowing. …”
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W. W. Nelson Dead

Miss Anna Nelson was called to Ronan, Mont. last Wednesday by the illness of her brother, W. W. Nelson, with Spanish influenza. Pneumonia developed and Mr. Nelson died Saturday morning according to a telegram sent to J. W. Reid by Miss Nelson.

The deceased formerly lived here and was head of the grocery department of Brown’s Department Store for two years.

source: Bonners Ferry Herald. (Bonners Ferry, Idaho), 21 Jan. 1919. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
— — — —

Bonners Ferry Herald. January 21, 1919, Page 6

19190121BFH2
Local News

Eighth grade state examinations will be conducted in the various schools of the county on Wednesday, Thursday and Friday. The examinations will be in charge of the teachers of the various districts as the county superintendent of schools, Mrs. C. W. Flood did not think it advisable to call the students to the county seat for the midwinter examinations as there are but few to take these examinations.

Mrs. Earl Tomlinson and young son are recovering from an attack of the influenza.

Mrs. Perry Wilson, who became seriously ill the first of the week with Spanish influenza, is reported to be improving now.

Mrs. Sarah Hardesty, of Lewiston, has accepted a position as teacher of the seventh grade of the Bonners Ferry schools and assumed her duties yesterday. The vacancy was caused by the death of Mrs. Agnes Crocker.

C. A. Friend, a business man of Whitefish, Mont., arrived here Sunday to join his wife in a few days visit at the home of Mrs. Friend’s brother, J. A. Jacoby. Mrs. friend is a trained nurse and came here about ten days ago to take care of Mrs. Jacoby who, for a while, was seriously ill with Spanish influenza. Mrs. Jacoby is improving but is not out of danger.

source: Bonners Ferry Herald. (Bonners Ferry, Idaho), 21 Jan. 1919. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
— — — —

Bonners Ferry Herald. January 21, 1919, Page 8

19190121BFH3
Idaho News Paragraphs
Recent Happenings in This State Given in Brief Items for Busy Readers.

Kendrick is free from influenza.

The influenza situation in Moscow is improving, there being but few cases of the disease.

Influenza is raging throughout Bonner county unabated, though not many cases are fatal. Only three deaths are reported for the week. Owing to the illness of a number of the teachers two of the schools of the city have closed. The health officers are tightening the quarantines, though schools, churches and theaters are still permitted open.

The health officer at Kellogg, has issued the following regulations during the influenza quarantine: Public schools to open Monday under supervision of school nurses, three to be employed. Churches may resume services, only every other pew to be occupied and buildings to be disinfected before and after each service; pool halls and cigar stores may open and also the moving picture shows, the latter to use only every other seat in every other row; no person under 21 to be allowed in pool halls, cigar stores, theaters, or other public places; all dances, social gatherings, public meetings and lodge meetings are prohibited.

Peter Probach, age 40, well known throughout the Coeur d’Alenes, died recently from pneumonia following influenza. He had resided in the district for 20 years.

source: Bonners Ferry Herald. (Bonners Ferry, Idaho), 21 Jan. 1919. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
— — — —

Bonners Ferry Herald. January 21, 1919, Page 10

Influenza at Sandpoint

The Spanish influenza epidemic in Sandpoint has gained alarming proportions, according to reports at hand.

Two of the city schools were closed last week because of illness with the influenza and exposure. The Civic Relief organization, the Red Cross and other institutions are working together to stamp out the plague. Last Friday there were 17 cases at the Red Cross influenza hospital. There have been many deaths in Bonner county from the disease.
— —

Local Pick-ups

A “Hard Times” dance will be given for the benefit of the school at the Northside schoolhouse on Friday evening, January 24th. Good music has been secured, refreshment will be served and the general public is invited to come and join in the good time assured.
— —

Pre-Nursing Course

The pre-nursing course at the Lewiston State Normal school will open on February 3rd. The course was organized at the urgent request of the government and it is desired to interest all graduates of secondary schools and colleges, who are not actively engaged in other fields of useful service.

Text books required for the various courses are furnished by the normal school. Room and board may be obtained for $5.50 a week and students should, with reasonable economy, be able to complete the twelve weeks course for from $75.00 to $80.00.

source: Bonners Ferry Herald. (Bonners Ferry, Idaho), 21 Jan. 1919. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
— — — — — — — — — —

The Daily Star-Mirror., January 21, 1919, Page 1

19190121DSM1

19190121DSM2
Public Schools Again Running Normally
For The First Time Since October All Grades Are Again At Work

As announced in The Star-Mirror Saturday all of the grade public schools in Moscow opened for work this morning. The grades that were opened to the children of the district this morning are the first to the fifth, inclusive. All other grades, including the High school, had previously resumed. This is the first time since last October that the public schools of Moscow are again running normally.

There has certainly been a serious break in the public school work of the year in Moscow on account of the flu epidemic, and it is the sincere hope of every one interested in them that no more interruptions will occur. To this end all connected with the schools should work harmoniously, and parents of children should observe strictly the rules and orders promulgated by the school board. One of these orders, a most merited precautionary measure, was given out by the board this morning. It is to the effect that parents should keep their children at home as long as possible between school hours, allowing for only ample time for the children to reach the school rooms at 9 o’clock in the morning and at 1 o’clock in the afternoon. By observing this rule children will be prevented from congregating in large numbers in the halls of the buildings, which would obviously be bad in times of an epidemic like the present. To make this rule more simple of observance by the parents and children the noon recess has been reduced to one hour, the sessions resuming work promptly at 1 o’clock instead of 1:15 as heretofore.
— —

Examinations Be Held This Week
Eighth Graders of County Will Take The Test This Week

County Superintendent Lillian Skattaboe with the assistance of other teachers, will conduct the state eighth grade examinations Wednesday, Thursday and Friday, at different centers throughout Latah county.

In Moscow Miss Skattaboe will be assisted by Miss Clarice Moody, and about 18 students expected.

Miss Myra Moody will conduct the examination at Genesee, where 50 students will take the test.

Other centers are Potlatch, superintended by Mrs. H. W. Chatterton; Juliaetta, by Mrs. Mary Adams; Deary, by Mrs. A. Holdeck; Bovill, by Oakey Hall; Princeton, by Miss Etta Brown and Harvard by Miss Margaret Terry.

Troy was to have been a central point for the examination but on account of the prevalence of influenza, no tests will be taken there.

From all schools of Latah county about 150 pupils have been reported as ready to take the tests. This number is far below what it would have been, and the influenza not so hindered the progress of the schools.

source: The Daily Star-Mirror. (Moscow, Idaho), 21 Jan. 1919. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
— — — —

The Daily Star-Mirror., January 21, 1919, Page 3

19181202DSM3
City News

The Steele school on Big Bear ridge has closed its term of school for the winter, on account of influenza. Miss Maud Loy of Lewiston was the teacher.

Mrs. John Prophet of Garfield arrived in Moscow last evening to do nursing.

Mrs. H. P. Hull of Kendrick is in Moscow to remain at the hospital a week.

source: The Daily Star-Mirror. (Moscow, Idaho), 21 Jan. 1919. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
— — — — — — — — — —

Public School Clarks Fork, Idaho (1)

SchoolPublicSchoolClarksForkFritz-a

courtesy: the Mike Fritz Collection, History of Idaho
— — — — — — — — — —

January 22

Evening Capital News., January 22, 1919, Page 2

19190122ECN1

19190122ECN2source: Evening Capital News. (Boise, Idaho), 22 Jan. 1919. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
— — — —

Evening Capital News., January 22, 1919, Page 8

19190122ECN3First Idaho “Millionaire Legislature” Was Center Of A Severe La Grippe Attack in 1891

Influenza new to Boise? Not at all. Only “la grippe” camouflaging under a new name. The same maddening plague of 1889-1890 which, instead of coming by way of Spain, as it has this time, chose to travel from Russia through France and across the seas, where it found a temporary home in the great ports of the east. From these it spread north, west and south, and at last in the two first winter months of 1891, it reached Idaho, seriously interfering with the duties of the members of the first state legislature, which important body was in Boise, the capital of the new state.

State But Six Months Old.

Idaho had entered the Union only six months before, on the fourth of July, 1890. Some thought the young state had emerged too soon from its territorial chrysalis, and, had “la grippe” made its appearance a year earlier, the brain stupefying effect of the epidemic might have influenced some of the sponsors of statehood to yield. But the “millionaire legislature,” composed largely of mining men, was made up of sturdy material, and came to the capital well equipped with health.

Made Senators Victims.

Terrible Madame “La Grippe” christened with this feminine title as it raced through France, presumably because it resembled the Furies, chose the senate at its principal place of strewing germs. Like the “poison maidens” of India, whose slightest breath blew out the lamp of life, the vampire’s noisome caress sent icy chills through the shivering frames of its victims, and the dignified senators succumbed to the inevitable and those who escaped a week’s Liberation in their rooms wandered listlessly through the mazes of legislative work attired in sackcloth or its equivalent, wrapped in voluminous folds about their necks, a modification of the senatorial toga.

Captain Joseph De Lamar (of the sea), Idaho’s Monte Christo, multimillionaire and man of mystery to the day he died very recently in New York, escaped in spite of his French title, which some declared to be assumed and only adopted by its owner as a facetious reminder of his former vocation. Senator Finch of Spokane failed to sufficiently protected by a wonderful fur lined and fur collared overcoat, which was the joy of every attaché of the legislature, and which enveloped him like the rumor of his great wealth, the latter a substantial fact to this day.

Senatorial Fight Stayed.

It was during that historical first session of Idaho’s legislature the great battle for the United States senatorship was staged between Claggett of the “panhandle” and Dubois of Bingham. The balloting continued for days. The “gray eagle of the north” swept down upon his southern opponent with not only his own grim force of keen political acumen and long experience in maneuvering human chessmen, but was loyally aided by the additional power of youth and beauty in the form of two of the sweetest, loveliest girls that ever adorned a drawing room. One was his own daughter and the other his niece from the society circles of Washington, D. C.

Dubois, young, alert, with the inherited French tendencies which make for victory, fenced admirably. Both were too intent upon the political game they were playing so dramatically to leave even a brain cell open for a germ to nest in. Every atom of vitality was concentrated upon the contest they waged so cleverly. The galleries and lobbies were thronged each day with members of the third house, using their persuasive powers to influence personal friends in favor of one or the other long before the balloting commenced.

Dubois The Victor.

W. E. Borah, now United States senator, watched quietly, learning his lessons from the daily fight as it went on and the minor skirmishing on the outposts. He was a student and his time was coming. Then suddenly one day the balloting was ended and Fred T. Dubois entered the arena of Washington congressional contests to do battle for Idaho.

Whether that French Apache, “La Grippe,” followed him there and was again foiled is not recorded. But it is certain it caught him this winter, under its new name, “influenza,” and thus revenged itself for having had to wait such a length of time.

source: Evening Capital News. (Boise, Idaho), 22 Jan. 1919. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
— — — —

Evening Capital News., January 22, 1919, Page 3

19190122ECN4
School Bill In House To Cause Lively Debate
Proposes to Change Present System of Providing Funds for Support of Public Schools in Idaho.

It is anticipated that the Hunt-Nielson-Monson bill introduced in the house of representatives, providing for a complete change in the present system of providing funds for the support of the schools, making a direct state tax, will cause a lively discussion before the present legislature. This is not the first time the change has been proposed. For the last several sessions similar bills have been introduced but were not passed.

The real object of the bill, it is said, is to provide for a fairer and more equitable distribution of school funds, so that all may be treated alike. It is claimed that under the present system school districts fortunate in having heavy assessed valuations, such as railroad mileage, raise a surplus for the support of their schools, in proportion to their valuation, while other districts having no public utilities on which to assess, but with large school populations are badly handicapped for want of funds.

The new bill changes this by substituting the following system as outlined in its provisions:

“The state board of equalization shall levy annually upon all the taxable property within the state an amount which, when added to the income derived from the common school fund, will produce a fund sufficient to provide $20 per capita for all the children of school age in the state.

“The state board of education shall annually certify on or before the fourth Monday of August, to the state board of equalization, the school census of the state, showing the total number of children of school age, and the income from the state school fund for the preceding 12 months, together with an estimate of the income from said school fund for the ensuing 12 months.”

Four years ago the state board of education recommended the passage of a similar act, but it did not survive both houses.
— —

Minimum School Terms Necessary
This Construction placed on Law if Districts Expect to Share in State and County Funds – Trustees Given Implied Power.

If school trustees are responsible for closing schools in their districts and fail to hold the minimum terms of nine and seven months they are not entitled to participate in either state or county funds, but if their schools are closed by order of the health authorities so they cannot hold the minimum terms then they may participate in both funds. An opinion to this effect was handed to Miss Ethel E. Redfield, state superintendent of public instruction by the attorney general’s department late Tuesday afternoon.

The holding is in substance that the trustees of both common and independent school districts have implied power to suspend school temporarily any time, subject only to the absolute requirement that not less than the minimum term of seven or nine months, as the case may be, be held during the year.

Trustees of neither class of districts have any power to suspend school for such a length of time as would invade the minimum term for the year. The minimum term is seven months in school districts having less than 75 pupils and nine months in districts having more than that number. On the other hand, the local health authorities have express power to close the schools at any time and for any length of time.

If the schools are closed by order of the health authorities, as distinguished from the district trustees, the school receives its share of both county and state funds, but, on the other hand, if the district trustees themselves keep the school closed to such an extent that the minimum term is not held, the district is entitled to participate in neither the state or county funds.
— —

Kuna.

The Kuna schools plan to reopen Monday, Jan. 27.

W. H. Beckdolt is out again after an attack of influenza. Mrs. J. Beckdolt is improving as are all other flu patients in town except Wayne Bell whose condition is unchanged.

Mrs. Thomas Green died Monday afternoon from influenza and complications.

A daughter was born Sunday morning to Mr. and Mrs. James Arnett. The baby died immediately and was buried Monday in the Kuna cemetery. The mother, Anna Reynolds Arnett, is seriously ill at her parents’ home. The father was in France when last heard from.

source: Evening Capital News. (Boise, Idaho), 22 Jan. 1919. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
— — — — — — — — — —

School House, Hayden Lake, Idaho

SchoolHouseHaydenLakeFritz-a

courtesy: the Mike Fritz Collection, History of Idaho
— — — — — — — — — —

January 23

Evening Capital News., January 23, 1919, Page 5

19190123ECN1

Fruitland.

Mrs. E. L. Davis has been called to Seattle, Wash., by illness in her son Frank’s home.
— —

Mountain Home

Miss Wilkerson, one of the teachers in the high school who has been at the hospital for the past two weeks with influenza, is able to take up her duties again.

Frank R. McWilliams who has been quite ill with influenza is on the road to recovery.

Mrs. Effie Quinn who is working in the recorders office has been confined to her home the past few days on account of illness.

Mrs. Joseph E. Sullaway was called to Portland, Ore., by the serious illness of her daughter, Mrs. E. P. Habel, who has since passed away. Mrs. Sullaway was accompanied by Mrs. Elvira Guay, a daughter who is here visiting her from Salt Lake. Mrs. E. P. Habel was formerly Miss Gladys Sullaway of this city.

James H. Whitson of Chicago, was called to Mountain Home to attend the funeral of his brother, Earl Whitson.

source: Evening Capital News. (Boise, Idaho), 23 Jan. 1919. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
— — — —

Evening Capital News., January 23, 1919, Page 6

Kuna.

The funeral of Mrs. Tom Green, who died of influenza, was held Tuesday, interment being in the Kuna cemetery.

Mrs. Arnette and daughter, of Boise came out Monday to attend the funeral of Mrs. Arnette’s grandchild.

Mr. and Mrs. John Pethtel returned to Kuna this week after several months absence. Mr. Pethtel has been with the spruce division and after his work with it was completed they took a trip to California. Mr. Pethtel was stricken with influenza at San Francisco.

source: Evening Capital News. (Boise, Idaho), 23 Jan. 1919. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
— — — —

Evening Capital News., January 23, 1919, Page 8

19190118ECN5Little News of Boise

To Open Franklin School.

The board of trustees announces that it considers it safe to open the Franklin school Monday, Jan. 27.

“Flu” Subsiding.

According to Mayor S. H. Hays, the “flu” epidemic has reached its peak and is subsiding; there being only three cases reported Wednesday, and none up to noon today. The break of the plague he attributes to the sudden change in temperature, and the strict quarantine on families visiting each other. The serum has not arrived, but it is expected on any train. It is a question now as to whether the serum will be of any use with the strength of the malady almost gone.

Fine Eats

The Red Cross shop packed and dispatched to the domestic science department of the local high school Wednesday, two boxes filled with preserves and jellies, which will be distributed among the 14 influenza convalescents in the school.
— —

Deaths – Funerals

Omar – The body of Thomas Omar arrived in Boise Wednesday evening from Emmett and the funeral will leave the Schrieber & Sidenfaden chapel Friday morning at 8:45. Services will be conducted at St. John’s cathedral at 9 o’clock and the burial will be in St. John’s cemetery.

Hanley – Jean J., 5 months old son of Mr. and Mrs. A. H. Hanley of Barber, died at the home Wednesday afternoon after an illness of but a few days. The funeral will be held at the Fry & Summers chapel Saturday afternoon at 2 o’clock. Rev. H. J. Reynolds will officiate and burial will be in Morris Hill cemetery. The funeral will be by automobile.
— —

Announcements

Will all teachers, parents and pupils of the Bible school of the First Baptist church take notice that all departments of the school will be opened next Sunday morning at 10 o’clock? Everyone is urged to be on hand.

source: Evening Capital News. (Boise, Idaho), 23 Jan. 1919. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
— — — — — — — — — —

Lincoln County Times., January 23, 1919, Page 1

19190123LCT1

The Influenza

Influenza, labeled Spanish, came and beat me to my knees; seven doctors couldn’t banish from my form that punk disease; for it’s not among the quitter; vainly doctors pour their bitters into ailing human critters; they just sneeze and swear and sneeze.

Said my doctor, “I have tackled every sort of ill there is; I have cured up people shackled with the gout and rheumatiz; with the itch and mumps I’ve battled, and my triumphs have been tattled, but this ‘flu’ stuff has me rattled, so I pause to say G Whiz.”

I am burning, I am freezing, in my little truckle bed; I am cussing, I am sneezing, with a poultice on my head; and the doctors and the nurses say the patient growing worse is, and they hint around of hearses, and of folks who should be dead.

Doom has often held the cleaver pretty near my swan-like neck; I have had the chills and fever till my system was a wreck; I have had the yaller janders, foot and mouth disease and glanders, and a plague they brought from Flanders on an old windjammer’s deck.

But this measly influenzy has all other ills outclassed; it has put me in a frenzy, like a soldier who’s been gassed, if the villainous inventor this my lodge of pain should enter I would use the voice of Stentor till he had been roundly sassed.

May the influenza vanish! Of all the ailments it’s the worst; but I don’t believe it’s Spanish – haven’t thought so from the first; on my couch of anguish squirmin’, I’ve had leisure to determine that the blamed disease is German, which is why it is acurst.

– Walt Mason.
— —

Helpful Advice Given For Treating Flu In The Home

The following instructions for nurses caring for influenza patients have been issued by the state board of health of North Carolina:

“The normal pulse rate is 72 to 80 beats per minute for adults; more rapid for children. Pulse can best be felt on the front of arm just above the wrist on the thumb side. (The nurse need not feel disturbed if the pulse remains well below 80.)

“The normal temperature is about 98 1/2 degrees. In taking the temperature place the thermometer under the patient’s tongue and have the lips closed. Be sure to shake the thermometer down before using. After using the thermometer should be dipped in an antiseptic solution and then washed in clean, cold water. Never use hot water for this purpose. In children take the temperature by placing thermometer well under the arm. (A 5 per cent solution of carbolic acid is good to keep the thermometer in or to dip it in as a disinfectant. The nurse need not be disturbed if the patient’s temperature records 97 1/2 to 98 1/2 on the thermometer.) If the patient has temperature of 102 degrees or more put ice cap to head and rub back and limbs occasionally with camphor or witch hazel, keeping the body covered during the process. Bathe face and hands with cold water. If patient gets chilly put hot water bottle or hot brick or iron to feet and limbs.

“Make patient drink freely of water.

“See that bowels do not become constipated. If necessary use enema, oil or salts.

“As long as fever lasts give only liquid diet – fruit juice, broths, soups and meat juice.

“Have patient spit in paper or old cloths. Keep soiled paper or cloths in a paper bag. Burn these soiled articles.

“Keep patient in bed until there is no longer danger in permitting him to get up. Err on the side of safety.

“Keep the sheets clean and see that there is enough cover for comfort.

“Make a record of everything done and every happening and of every observation that it is thought likely may be of use to the attending physician.

“The sick room should be sunny and well ventilated. It should be aired several times a day.

“All unnecessary furniture should be removed from the room.

“The room should be kept quiet. (A skillful nurse can give as much relief by the proper use of pillows and by the proper care of the bed as can an unskilled nurse with sedatives.”

The following precautions are advised for nursing influenza patients. They apply to the nursing of other forms of contagion as well:

“The nurse should wear a face mask when waiting on the patient. The mask should consist of four thicknesses of fine mesh gauze and it should cover the mouth and nose. The mask should be sterilized by boiling daily.

“The hands should be washed each time after touching patient or bedclothes. It is safer to dip hands in 1000 to 2000 bichloride solution.”

source: Lincoln County Times. (Jerome, Idaho), 23 Jan. 1919. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
— — — —

Lincoln County Times., January 23, 1919, Page 5

The local Red Cross has leased the room over the Racket store from the Masonic lodge and have opened an emergency hospital for the treatment of those suffering from the flu. The expenses of maintaining the hospital will be shared by the village, county and local red Cross chapter. Mrs. Stuhlsatz, a competent trained nurse will be in charge, and it has been announced that any time from Friday on any one wishing to take the serum treatment, may call at the hospital and have it administered free of charge.

Mrs. C. W. Young was called to Boise Tuesday on account of the serious illness of her daughter, who is residing there.

John Rummell, a returned soldier who has been assisting at the Jerome Drug company, left for his home in Salt Lake after spending only a few days in Jerome. He is called to his home by the illness of his parents.
— —

[Red Cross]

… On account of the influenza epidemic we are behind in our allotments and are again asking for more help.
— —

Says Poison Gasses Used Is Responsible For Flu

Dr. Croft of Chicago recently in an address before the Chicago Medical society stated that the present epidemic of influenza was, in his opinion, caused by an “irritated atmosphere.” Poison gas used on the battlefields of Europe are supposed to have started all this trouble.

His theory is that the disease is caused by inhaling small amounts of depressing, highly irritated, high density gas, especially at night, when the air is charged with moisture.

He says further in support of his contention, that its spread is far too rapid to be caused by bodily contact and too erratic for germ transmission.

source: Lincoln County Times. (Jerome, Idaho), 23 Jan. 1919. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
— — — — — — — — — —

Payette Enterprise., January 23, 1919, Page 5

19190123PE1

Fruitland Department
Mrs. R. G. Wilson
“As ‘Twas Told To Me”.

Mr. H. Solterbeck has been sick the past week but is better now.

The quarantine was lifted at the Reimer home last Thursday.

Lou Ramsey, Mr. and Mrs. Roy Sparks and Miss Goldie Wells are quarantined at Maneman’s place with the flu. They are all getting along very nicely.

D. D. Hunter, who was recently sick with pneumonia, took a cold last week which caused a relapse.

Sunday Mr. Harry Beckwith telephoned up here from Weiser saying that his little daughter, Vera, had the flu and that he wanted a teacher to take his place while he was quarantined.
— —

Little Willow

Word was received that Mrs. Ellis Hartley passed away at her home at Council, from pneumonia following the flu. The kindest of sympathy from a host of friends goes out to Ellis Hartley and the children in this their sad hour. There are three little ones left with the father and her parents, Mr. and Mrs. Hanson and brother and sister at Council.

Milam Davis has his neat little bungalow nearly completed. Mr. Walters was called home to Fruitland by the illness of his wife. As soon as weather conditions will permit the family will move into the new house on the Davis ranch.
— —

North Payette

Mrs. Whittier-Thresher and children have been seriously ill with pneumonia but are now improving.

Mrs. Press Jimmerson is expecting her sister and niece from North Dakota. They come to Idaho seeking health.

source: Payette Enterprise. (Payette, Canyon Co., Idaho), 23 Jan. 1919. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
— — — —

Payette Enterprise., January 23, 1919, Page 6

Yep! I’ve Had the Flu.

The “Garlic” grip I’ve heard about
Has finally put my health to rout.
It leaped upon me unawares
And now I’m forced to stay up stairs;
Also in bed.

I ache and pain in every place,
I’ve had four spasms in my face,
My ears are quite convulsive too,
I guess with life I’m almost through.
I’m nearly dead.

The doctor poked and pummeled me;
I moan and groan in agony.
I have to live on malted hay;
Can’t go the cabaret.
Life’s a blank.

Fever four hundred and two;
My head feels like an oyster stew.
A barrel of water is one good drink
But it nearly put me on the blink.
Must be a tank.

One minute I’m in Heaven’s vale,
The next, my guide has a forked tail,
Along the banks of the brimstone sea
Where other imps are awaiting me
In numbers without end.

I am nearly ready for harp and rings,
Or hoofs and horns and sundry things
I cannot tell just where I’ll go;
Perhaps above, perhaps below;
My future life to spend.

No other ailment that I know
With this blamed thing would stand a show.
It is a cheat, darned hard to beat.
I’ve had small pox, and the mumps,
Boils and bunions and sundry bumps,
But this thin’s got my Nanny.

My eyes are filled with pearly dew,
Around my gills I’m deepest blue.
My hair has turned from brown to gray;
My nose is wearing fast away,
By process quite erosive.

Whene’re I am compelled to sneeze
I nearly bust my B.V.D.’s
Compared with it, naught else is fit
To be a high explosive.

I’ve weathered all these aches and chills
By taking forty different kinds of pills.
Now I must take a “shot” of netrocarbolenza.
‘Twill leave me stiff and lame and sore
But nothing can “faze” me any more,
For I’ve had the dog gone Spanish influenza.

– Ed. C. Shellworth

Dedicated to my fellow sufferers.

source: Payette Enterprise. (Payette, Canyon Co., Idaho), 23 Jan. 1919. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
— — — — — — — — — —

The Emmett Index. January 23, 1919, Page 3

19190123EI1

19190123EI2News of Gem County
By The Index’s Correspondents

Montour
By Mrs. R. E. Noland

The friends of Mrs. Lew Idle are pleased to hear that she is improving and will soon be able to come home.

Sam Bostic went back to Twin Falls, after a pleasant visit with his brother’s family. While here Mr. Bostic was very ill for several days with the flu, but was fully recovered before returning to his work. Miss Bostic remained to finish her visit.

The son of Mr. Henry, who was ill last week, had only a derangement of the stomach and not the influenza, as was first feared. So far as we know there is not a single case of the flu in or around this place.

Mrs. M. A. Vaughn was a dinner guest at Montour Heights Sunday. Mr. Vaughn, who has not been strong since an attack of the influenza, is much better now.

We are pleased to report the return of Mrs. McSparran from the Emmett Slope and glad to know she did not contract the dread disease. Miss McSparran came home with her mother to be nursed back to her real self again before taking up her school duties.
— —

South Slope
By Mrs. C. W. Cook

The ice in Squaw creek did considerable damage to the flume in the Canyon canal that spans the creek.
— —

Bramwell
By E. F. Wells

School was started again here Monday and it is hoped that the flu will not interfere again.

The Vanderdasson school, after being closed three weeks, in which time everybody in the district had the flu, opened up again Monday.
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Bissell Creek
by Mrs. Ward M. Fuller

James Stephens and Little Phillip Fuller have recovered from the influenza. Mr. and Mrs. Fuller were fortunate enough to escape having it.
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Ola

R. H. Baldwin had a very severe sick spell Friday and went to Boise Saturday to consult a physician.

The Baldwin family are able to be out again.

We are having our annual January thaw and the Saturday’s mail did not reach Ola until Sunday morning.

source: The Emmett Index. (Emmett, Idaho), 23 Jan. 1919. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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The Emmett Index. January 23, 1919, Page 4

Emmett News

George Trgaskis, who was reported seriously ill last week, is recovering nicely.

The E. C,. Rundstrom family have all recovered from the influenza and Mr. and Mrs. Rundstrom were able to make a business trip to Boise on Tuesday.

Miss Helen Hand is spending some time at the home of her uncle, H. T. Davis, recuperating her strength from a recent siege of flu. Miss Helen is attending St. Margaret’s school for girls in Boise this year.

Ed Plant is a recent influenza sufferer.

Mrs. Casper, who has been nursing in Emmett during the flu epidemic, returned to her home beyond Freezeout.

News of Senator Tyler’s condition is encouraging. Mr. Tyler hopes to be able to assume his duties as a law maker very soon.

Dr. Ia Wood accompanied Dr. Steward to Boise last Thursday to consult a specialist regarding the condition of his ear. Dr. Wood has experienced a partial deafness since his recent tussle with flu. He returned Friday.

Ad M. Simon, local manager of Alexander’s clothing store here, went to Boise on Sunday to visit his brother and Governor Alexander. He was drafted to assist in invoicing the big Boise store and didn’t return until Tuesday. Today he is confined to his rooms by sickness.

source: The Emmett Index. (Emmett, Idaho), 23 Jan. 1919. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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The Emmett Index. January 23, 1919, Page 8

19190123EI2News of Gem County
By The Index’s Correspondents

Central Mesa

More youngsters are going to school since the flu has about run its course.

Chas. Whitsell was on the sick list for a few days last week, but not with the flu.
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Upper Mesa

A number of families on the upper Mesa have been having a siege of the flu, but all are getting better.

The Eighth grade class are taking final examinations in some of their studies this week.
— —

Letha

Saturday, the point of interest and excitement was the Anderson school, where a special election was held to determine whether the site of the school in District 21 should be the present one or on the Letha townsite. Letha lost by a few votes.

Mrs. Cook, a sister of Mrs. Cummings, received word that her folks in Portland had the flu, this being the second time this year.
— —

Haw Creek
By Mrs. E. Tennyson.

Miss Marie Hanthorn is home from her school at Weiser, visiting her parents. She expects to return when the flu epidemic is better.

Little Wayne Smith is reported ill with the flu, although not seriously.

The Henry Meier family have now fully recovered from the flu and are able to be out again.
— —

Central Mesa
Regina Conrad

Mrs. Ellis Walters returned home Sunday, after assisting the Howards a week taking care of the sick.

Mrs. Crozer was on the sick list several days last week.
— —

Mrs. Ellen L. Boone Bosteder, died at the Bosteder home near Hanna Saturday morning from Pneumonia following Flu. … She leaves besides her husband three children Harold, aged 14, Ruth, aged 12, and Richard, aged 11. …

source: The Emmett Index. (Emmett, Idaho), 23 Jan. 1919. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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The Daily Star-Mirror., January 23, 1919, Page 1

19190123DSM1

Ravages of Influenza in South Africa.

Cape Town. — It is authoritatively stated here that the epidemic of influenza in South Africa has resulted in a financial loss to the leading insurance companies of approximately $7,500,000. One insurance manager said it was a startling fact that in the course of a few weeks the epidemic had cost the companies more than they had been called upon to pay for all of their war risks.
— —

Minors Fined for Frequenting Pool Halls.

Two young men of minor age, Ted Kitley and Eugene O’Conner were taken before Police Judge Strong, charged with frequenting billiard halls, contrary to the law regarding such cases. They were fined $10 and costs, which amounted to $15 each.

source: The Daily Star-Mirror. (Moscow, Idaho), 23 Jan. 1919. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
— — — —

The Daily Star-Mirror., January 23, 1919, Page 3

19181202DSM3
City News

Mrs. A. M. McInturff and two children, who live southeast of Moscow, left today for Johnson, Wash., called by illness of influenza of Mrs. McInturff’s mother and sisters.

The tractor school which was to have begun January 27th, at the University will be postponed until a later date. It will be announced in The Star-Mirror when it will open.
— —

Potlatch News Items

The flu situation is much improved again there being but five cases on the list. Miss Mabel Egan, who has been seriously ill at her home, is improving. All other cases are reported doing nicely.
— —

Idaho Industrial Notes

Total expenditures for Idaho’s educational institutions for past biennium $1, 791,557.

Idaho metal output dropped $19,011,542 in 1918. Due to labor shortage caused by war says state mine inspector.

New Meadows to have new sawmill. Boilers, engines and machinery arrive.

source: The Daily Star-Mirror. (Moscow, Idaho), 23 Jan. 1919. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
— — — — — — — — — —

The Nezperce Herald., January 23, 1919, Page 1

19190123NH1

News Of Our Neighbors.

The flu ban was lifted in Kamiah Sunday.

Emmet Webb, for eighteen years a popular resident of the Reubens community, died of influenza complications on the 16th instant at Portland, where he and his wife had made their home the past six months. The remains were shipped to Reubens and interment made there Saturday.
— —

Miss Wilson Assumes Duties of County Superintendent.

Miss Norma P. Wilson, county superintendent of schools-elect, who was prevented from taking up her official duties with the other county officers on Monday of last week by an attack [of] influenza, had sufficiently recovered to take over the work the first of this week, and the necessary formalities of clothing her with the powers of the office will be transacted at an adjourned meeting of the county commissioners tomorrow.
— —

Harry A. Billow Succumbs to Influenza.

Harry A. Billow died early Friday morning, Jan. 17, at the White hospital in Lewiston, where he had been taken for treatment for pneumonia resulting from an attack of influenza. The deceased had recently arrived with his family in Clarkston, from Canada, and had stopped over there for a visit with his wife’s folks before they came on to Nezperce to again take up their residence after an absence of six years. He had suffered an attack of influenza before leaving Canada, and shortly after reaching Clarkston a relapse overcame him, and after pneumonia developed he was taken to the hospital, where heroic efforts were continued to save him. … He married Miss Rena Huffman near Greencreek nine years ago, and she and a son and two daughters and his aged parents survive him, and to these, on whom the blow of his untimely death falls with the most crushing force, this community extends its sincere sympathy.

source: The Nezperce Herald. (Nezperce, Idaho), 23 Jan. 1919. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
— — — —

The Nezperce Herald., January 23, 1919, Page 2

[Editorial]

The selfish ambition of an unprincipled ruler has made itself felt from one end of the world to the other, and has produced results far beyond any intention or expectation. For instance, Dr. Robertson, the head of the Chicago health department, estimates that of the 400,000 deaths from influenza and pneumonia in this country, one-half could have been prevented if the sufferers had had skilled nursing. This it was impossible to supply, for the army had required 20,000 trained nurses to meet its needs. This left at home barely enough experienced nurses for ordinary times, and when the epidemic arrived the scarcity of nurses was immediately felt. The people who died on account of insufficient care in their sickness were as truly victims of the Prussian military system as if they had died on the field of battle.

source: The Nezperce Herald. (Nezperce, Idaho), 23 Jan. 1919. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
— — — —

The Nezperce Herald., January 23, 1919, Page 7

Local and Personal News Notes

The rainy weather is said to be dispelling the flu in many sections.

Miss Blanche Sweet returned Thursday evening from Ilo, where she was nursing influenza patients.

Mr. and Mrs. Roy Thompson attended the funeral of Frank Brocke in Kendrick on Wednesday of last week. Roy returning immediately thereafter and Mrs. Thompson returning last Monday evening.

Auctioneer Harry C. Cranke on Monday received a message stating that the San Francisco live stock show, to have been held Feb. 8-15 and at which he was to handle the pure bred shorthorn sales, had been annulled on account of the influenza epidemic.
— —

Frank Brocke Flu Victim.

Frank Brocke, a cousin of Mrs. Gay Miller and Mrs. Roy Thompson of this city, died at his home in the Kendrick section on the 12th instant, from pneumonia following an attack of influenza. The deceased was ill but a few days. … He was 39 years of age and leaves a wife and five children. …
— —

19190123NH2

(ibid, page 5)

source: The Nezperce Herald. (Nezperce, Idaho), 23 Jan. 1919. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 1)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 2)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 3)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 4)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 5)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 6)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 7)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 8)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 9)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 10)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 11)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 12)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 13)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 14)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 15)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 16)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 17)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 18)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 19)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 20)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 21)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 22)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 23)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 24)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 25)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 26)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 27)