Idaho History Nov 1, 2020

Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic

Part 29

Idaho Newspaper clippings January 24-27, 1919

Photos courtesy: the Mike Fritz Collection, History of Idaho
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January 24

American Falls Press. January 24, 1919, Page 1

19190124AFP1

19190124AFP2
Deaths From Flu.

Four deaths and several new cases in American Falls and near vicinity during the week from flu, serve to emphasize the necessity for care on the part of those afflicted.

Chris Gruenich, a farmer of Pleasant Valley, died at the Bethany Deaconess Hospital last Friday morning, following an illness of about two weeks. His life had been despaired of for several days. Mr. Gruenich had been a resident of the county for about ten years, and was an energetic and highly respected citizen. He leaves a wife and several children to mourn his loss.

Miss Mattie Stanger, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Charles Stanger, died at the family home Saturday. The immediate cause of death was pneumonia following an attack of influenza, although the young woman had been a sufferer from rheumatism for some time, which doubtless weakened her powers of resistance. Miss Sanger was fifteen years of age. Five other children of the family were ill at the time.

Mrs. August Stulz, aged 58[?] years, died Saturday from pneumonia following influenza, after an illness of a week, at her home in American Falls. Mr. Stulz is employed at the Nibley Channel Lumber Company. The husband and two little girls, aged 9 and 3, survive the mother. Edith, the older girl, will make her temporary home with Mr. and Mrs. Jack Brandt. The younger child will live with her uncle, Andrew Miller. Mrs. Stulz was a native of South Dakota, coming to American Falls with her husband several years ago.

Mrs. E. E. Geesey died at the family home in Fairview Saturday morning after a brief illness, and was buried in the Odd Fellows cemetery at American Falls Sunday. Mrs. Geesey was a leader in her community and was particularly active in the war work. During the flu epidemic she had been a ministering angel in the homes of her neighbors in caring for the sick. Probably while so engaged she contracted the disease which resulted in her death. All the members of the family, with the exception of her husband, were ill at the time and unable to attend the funeral. Mrs. Geesey is survived by her husband and several children, one of whom, Guy L. Geesey, is with the American forces in France. Mr. and Mrs. Geesey located in Fairview about ten years ago, being among the pioneers of that locality. Mrs. Geesey was particularly loved because of her fine motherly qualities and is sincerely mourned by the entire neighborhood where her influences were most felt and appreciated.

source: American Falls Press. (American Falls, Idaho), 24 Jan. 1919. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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American Falls Press. January 24, 1919, Page 7

19190124AFP3
People and Events.

The family of Charles Schroeder have the flu.

Harold Green has recovered from a light attack of the flu.

Assessor Crowley’s family are again all able to be about after a siege of the flu.

Mrs. C. F. Schiltz returned home from the hospital the first of the week, recovered from a mild attack of the flu.

Mrs. H. C. Wones is ill at home with a mild case of the flu. Her temperature has been low and she promises to recover rapidly.

Joe DeWitt, foreman of the Press, spend Sunday with his family at Rupert. He reports the flu situation there as somewhat improved.

Mr. and Mrs. W. R. Griswold and babe are at the hospital. Mr. and Mrs. Griswold both came down the first of the week with the flu. Mr. Griswold has developed pneumonia and is quite sick. Mrs. Griswold is getting along nicely.

Miss Virginia Nunnelly came up from Salt Lake Sunday. She is a recent convalescent from a severe case of flu. She escaped contracting the epidemic while nursing Dr. Noth, and was just ready to leave for an army camp in Texas when she came down.
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[“Bunk”] Serum. *

“Miss Julia Brown appeared in the best of health, visited our town for the purpose of attending a social function, a patriotic event known as the “Degree of Honor” and incidentally to consult with a physician before she returned to her home. She arrived on the train at 3:05 p.m., and went to the office of the most prominent physician in town who administered a hypodermic injection of serum and in less than five minutes she was dead. Inasmuch as the young lady was in apparently good health and was laughing when she entered the office, it certainly looks as though the remedy was infinitely worse than the cure.”

– Bismarck Daily Tribune, Bismarck, S. D., Jan. 11, 1918.

Sir William Bell also reports that the “Bunk Serum” supposed to have been discovered by Prof. Flexner, formerly of the John Hopkins University, was injected into fifteen children at the City Hospital, Cincinnati, Ohio, with the result that fourteen of them die within five minutes.

– Cincinnati Enquirer, March 18, 1914.

George A. Wilson, Chiropractor.

(ibid, page 7)
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The Idaho Recorder. January 24, 1919, Page 1

19190124IR1

The Puzzle of Influenza.

Mrs. Waugh and her soldier son William, recently returned from Camp Fremont, were in Salmon yesterday on business. The Waugh family home is at Junction where there has been no appearance of the epidemic though no quarantine was maintained there at all, while at Leadore, where strict regulations were enforced to keep out the disease, there are numbers of cases now reported. These are mild in form, however. Surely the cause of influenza is past finding out.
— —

The Salmon physicians report no more flu.
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Prolonged Hiccoughs

Al Smith has recovered from a five-day spell of hiccoughing, which game him a good deal of trouble and anxiety.

source: The Idaho Recorder. (Salmon City, Idaho), 24 Jan. 1919. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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The Idaho Recorder. January 24, 1919, Page 3

Northwest Notes

Hiram C. Gill, former mayor of Seattle, died last week, a victim of influenza.

(ibid, page 3)
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The Idaho Recorder. January 24, 1919, Page 4

Schools Will Start Again.

Superintendent Rand Authorizes the statement that the city schools will start again after the long closing on account of flu on Monday, January 27.
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Flu Sufferer a Suicide

Rexburg, Jan. 21. – John Jarvis, the 19-year-old son of Mr. and Mrs. J. W. Jarvis of Rexburg, took his own life Monday afternoon while suffering from a temporary fit of insanity. The young man had suffered a severe attack of influenza and it was thought that this was the cause of his going temporarily insane.

A few days previous to the time he took his own life he shot at his brother but the shot went wild and did no damage. Monday afternoon he chased all the occupants from the house with an axe handle and returning took his own life with a .32 caliber pistol.

(ibid, page 4)
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The Idaho Recorder. January 24, 1919, Page 5

Salmon Locals

Mrs. P. J. Dempsey of Salmon an early flu sufferer, is still invalided by after effects of the malady.

Mrs. Ashton, whose afflicted family lost one member from the flu epidemic and then to have smallpox take its course in the home, is now fully recovered as have all her children.

John Michelson has gone to Bromide, Okla., for a good health visit for three months. His folks will remain here. He is recovering from a severe attack of flu, which left him enfeebled. Mr. Michelson is one of the leading stock men of Lemhi county. He went out on Tuesday’s train.

D. W. Herrall and wife came to Salmon on Monday from Meridian, Idaho, to look after the estate of their son-in-law, the late Jack O’Quinn. They got there too late even to obtain possession of their little grandson, who was taken to Missouri the same day by another grandparent, the father of the deceased forester.

The Grand Theatre will open Monday evening, January 27, with a good program and a house thoroughly fumigated.
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Mrs. Nellie Carlson.

A message from I. R. Wilson from Salt Lake states that he has the flu. Mr. Wilson and family were recently called there owing to the death of their daughter. Mrs. Nellie Carlson, who leaves her husband and twin boys several weeks old.
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“Black Plague.”

The “Black Death,” or “Black Plague,” was also known as the “bubonic plague,” and was a scourge in Europe and Asia in the years between 1334-1351, when millions were swept away for the scourge. It has recurred from time to time since then, but never so severely.

(ibid, page 5)
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The Idaho Recorder. January 24, 1919, Page 8

May

May continues to grow and improve. …

An impression seems to be prevalent in Salmon that our quarantine against the flu in May has not been effective, but we have had no flu in the valley except at two homes at the extreme ends where some one got past the guards, and then the cases were confined to the families where it was brought. The first was early in December when some one came in over the mountains and was taken sick soon after reaching home at Patterson and the other was later when the Hamilton family, eight miles below May, contracted the disease and the family were all sick. They were immediately quarantined and it went no further. The business houses were closed for four days at this time for fear that some one might have been exposed, but May has been fortunate in escaping the epidemic and we trust we may continue so. Our schools have been in session since January 6.

Harry White was here from Salmon Saturday to bring up some cattle buyers. He was quite put out when he couldn’t find a place to eat. The hotel has been closed for a month on account of the flu and any one coming from a flu district is not welcome here.
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Leadore

Leadore schools are closed on account of the influenza.

This town had been about the most thoroughly quarantined place in all the intermountain country and yet the flu appeared here. Happily its form is mild and promises soon to be stamped out and disappear. Nobody knows how the disease could have gotten in, for the entrances to Leadore were well guarded. Perhaps like Topsy the flu has no origin at all but “jest grows.”

(ibid, page 8)
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Montpelier Examiner. January 24, 1919, Page 1

19190124ME1

19190124ME2Experiments Demonstrate Flu Is Disease Of Mystery
Investigations by Medical Scientists and Health Authorities Bring no Definite Results Fixing Status of Contagion in Epidemic.

Washington, D. C., Jan. 19. — An experiment which makes the transmission of influenza a more baffling mystery than every, and which at the same time places on record an act of self-sacrificing heroism by about one hundred naval volunteers, has just been completed by officers of the United States public health service co-operating with medical officers of the United States Navy at Boston and San Francisco.

As nearly everyone knows, scientists all over the world, in combating the spread of influenza, which is still going on, have proceeded on the assumption that it is transmitted chiefly by coughing and spitting. The theory has been that the diseased mucus thrown out by these acts is filled with the germs of influenza, which thus finds lodgement in healthy tissue. All the experiments heretofore made seem to indicate strongly that influenza is transmitted in this way, and it is well accepted that most other respiratory diseases are carried.

This latest experiment consisted in submitting the hundred men who volunteered for the purpose to every possible method of infection with influenza germs through the nose and throat. These men risked their lives for the general good, and for the advancement of science. They went through a singularly trying and repulsive ordeal. They, and everyone else, believed that they were being inoculated with the dread disease which is destroying millions of lives all over the world. Their heroism is fully equal to that displayed some years ago by the men of the army medical corps who exposed themselves in Cuba to the bites of mosquitoes in order to determine finally whether yellow fever was transmitted by that insect. The only difference in the two experiments was in the result. some of the officers who exposed themselves to the bite of the mosquito contracted yellow fever, and one of them died, thereby establishing the soundness of their theory. The volunteers who submitted themselves to inoculation with the germs of influenza were fully expected to take the disease, and were prepared to die. But not one of them developed any symptoms of influenza.

Theory Is Upset.

This astonishing negative result, which is the sensation of the day in scientific circles, should not tempt anyone to be careless in the matter of coughing and spitting or in exposing himself to the infection by those acts. As officials of the public health service point out, it may be that the germs of the disease disappear as soon as, or immediately after, the symptoms appear. Something like this is true of other diseases. In measles, for example, it has been found that the germs which cause the disease are all gone within five or six days after the appearance of the rash, and the case is no longer contagious. The discovery of this fact, which was made by Anderson and Goldberger of the public health service only a few years ago, has led to shortening the quarantine period for measles by more than half.

“These new experiments in the transmission of influenza,” said Surgeon General Blue, “show how difficult is the influenza problem. They by no means indicate that we can afford to disregard coughing, sneezing and spitting as common means of spreading disease, and even in the case of influenza this source of infection should always be born in mind. I believe, however, that we have not paid sufficient attention to other paths of infection, especially to the lips, mouth and hands. The fact that the disease was much less common in army camps, where the sterilization of all eating utensils and dishes was rigidly enforced, shows the importance of the mouth as an avenue of infection.”

The first experiment consisted in thoroughly infecting the noses of about ten of the men with cultures of Pfeiffer’s influenza bacillus – a virulent germ commonly found in influenza. None of the men developed any symptoms. The next form of the experiment was to take the secretions from the noses and throats of influenza patients and place them in the noses and throats of the volunteers by means of swabs and sprays. The time occupied in removing the diseased mucus from a sick man and putting it into the nose or throat of a well man was reduced to as little as thirty seconds. Yet none of the men so infected developed any symptoms of the disease.

Determined that the tests should be exhaustive, the doctors next submitted a group of volunteers to infection by actual coughing and spitting. For this purpose ten volunteers were selected, and ten bed patients who had recently come down with the severe attacks of influenza. Each of the volunteers leaned over the bed of each of the ten sick men, conversed with him for a few minutes and allowed the patient to cough directly in his face, so that there should be no doubt of a transmission of diseased tissue. Each volunteer was thus exposed to ten different cases of influenza, and was in close proximity with them for not less than three-quarters of an hour. Yet not one of these volunteers developed any symptoms of influenza.

The results of this experiment have left the medical world completely bewildered.

The theory which has apparently been upset by these experiments was originated by a famous French physician, Nicolle, who claimed to have produced influenza with a material obtained from mucous excretions. His produced the disease with this material after filtering it through a fine porcelain filter, showing that a germ was present which was not only too small to be detected, with the microscope, but too small even to be held back by the fine pores of unglazed porcelain. Foster, and American army surgeon, showed that common colds were produced by an equally minute germ. The work of Foster bore so directly on the problems presented by influenza that it may be said to have led to the experiments here described.

The only thing which can be considered proved about influenza so far is that it is still a mystery, both as to the nature of its causative germ and as to its means of transmission, and therefore especially dangerous.
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Influenza Epidemic Seems About Broken

So far as can be learned it seems the influenza epidemic has about run its course in Nampa. In the city there has been no death from that cause for some weeks. The new cases have been light and there have been few of them. Most of the cases under quarantine last week have been released and but very few cases have been put under quarantine. Opening the schools, churches and picture shows have not increased the disease and the idea is gaining ground that the disease is not communicated by people mingling.

The schools have now been open two weeks and not a single case of influenza has developed.

— Nampa Leader-Herald.

source: Montpelier Examiner. (Montpelier, Idaho), 24 Jan. 1919. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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Montpelier Examiner. January 24, 1919, Page 4

[Editorial]

Why Not Open Up?

As the days go by evidence continues to accumulate which prove conclusively that the ban against holding of public gatherings, and the opening of schools and the opera house does not prevent the spread of influenza in Montpelier. There are more cases in the city today than there were two weeks ago, and the disease is on the increase in Paris [Idaho], where every precaution possible has been taken to prevent its appearance. The situation in this county further corroborates the statement made by leading medical men of the nation that the “flu disease is a mystery.” That being true, every precaution possible should be taken to prevent its spread, but the closing of schools, theatres and public gatherings generally seems to be a precaution that does not prevent the disease from spreading.

The health authorities in many towns, not only in Idaho, but thruout [sic] the nation, have come to this conclusion and have thrown their towns open. Montpelier and Paris are, we believe, the only towns in Southeastern Idaho which are closed. In Pocatello, Blackfoot, Idaho Falls, Rexburg, St. Anthony, American Falls and Twin Falls the schools and picture shows are running and all public gatherings are permitted. Last Friday, after the Twin Falls schools had been running two weeks, the superintendent stated that out of an enrollment of 2200 pupils only eleven had contracted the flu.

Every one of the towns mentioned above had the flu in as bad form as Montpelier, yet after it had passed the epidemic stage the health officers felt that it was no longer necessary to keep their towns closed down tight. So far as we have been able to learn, their action has not resulted seriously. A traveling salesman, whose territory includes all of Southeastern Idaho, informed us last Tuesday evening that Montpelier was the only town in his territory is which the picture show was not running.

Experience is said to be the most valuable teacher and it seems to us that Montpelier should be guided by the experience of other towns. If not, why not? Are atmospheric or sanitary conditions so different here from what they are in our sister towns that we can not do as they do? Or are we living in the backwoods, where superstition overrides common sense? If we are let’s get out and do as our neighbors do. We have “lived in a shell” long enough.

(ibid, page 4)
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Montpelier Examiner. January 24, 1919, Page 5

Local News

J. R. Shepherd returned to Logan yesterday, having spent several days in Paris [Idaho] attending to business. His friends will be pleased to learn that his health is much improved.

John Lantry and family have abandoned their trip to California. John says they were “skeered out” by the reported prevalence of the flu in Southern California. He will continue to hold down his run on the “Montpelier-Paris limited.”

James L. Dunford and family went to Logan yesterday, where they will remain for several months. They are taking their son, J. Logan, there in the hope that the lower altitude will be beneficial to his health. The young man has never recovered from the illness contracted while at Camp Lewis.

A. E. Goodman has been here from Evanston the past week looking after the business of the Goodman & Christman jewelry firm while Mr. Christman was ill with the flu. Mr. Goodman says the schools have been running in Evanston for some time. In fact, they were closed only five week, and he says that his town had the flu in about as bad form as any towns in the inter-mountain country.

The state superintendent of public instruction apportioned the semi-annual payment of state school money among the counties the first of the week. Bear Lake county is credited with 3,163 persons of school age and its share of the money is $3,904.34.

(ibid, page 5)
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Evening Capital News., January 24, 1919, Page 2

19190124ECN1

Harry Harkness, Auto Race Enthusiast, Dies

New York, Jan. 24. – Harry S. Harkness, automobile speed enthusiast and donor of the Harkness cup, is dead here today, a victim of pneumonia following an attack of influenza. Besides his enthusiasm of automobile racing, Harkness was a well known amateur athlete and aviator. He was president of the corporation operating the Sheepshead Bay speedway here.
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Hospital Ship in Port After Rough Journey; 390 Casualties on Her

New York, Jan. 24. – More than seven days overdue because of rough seas, the United States hospital ship Mercy arrived here today with 390 sick and wounded American troops on board.

The Mercy pass through some of the most stormy weather in history and was badly battered. At one time fear was felt for her safety.

The Mercy sailed from St. Nazaire on January 7.

source: Evening Capital News. (Boise, Idaho), 24 Jan. 1919. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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Evening Capital News., January 24, 1919, Page 6

19190118ECN5Little News of Boise

Red Cross Busy.

Red Cross workers will, since the let-up of the influenza, turn their talents toward making refugee garments of every description to relieve foreign sufferers. Plenty of material is on hand but more workers could be used.

Wife Missing.

J. C. Linton, employed near Bliss at camp No. 4, United States reclamation service, is seeking to locate his wife, having heard from her last in Jordan valley, where she was nursing. At the time, she stated that she was going 90 miles further away from Boise when her patient recovered.

Another Quiet Day.

There was absolutely nothing doing yesterday or last night in the way of fires or arrests – not a single “cop” bringing in a brother loaded to the guards with juice of the grape, and not a single alarm being rung in. So far, the month is remarkable for the small number of arrests that have been made – the only man on the force doing any business at all for the Hays Inn being “Harve” Sandy, the motorcycle man, who gathered in something like six of his brothers who stepped on the tail of the old benzine buggies and got going a trifle too fast for safety and the law’s mandates.

(ibid, page 6)
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The Caldwell Tribune. January 24, 1919, Page 1

19190124CT1

Mrs. Alice White is very sick at the home of her daughter Mrs. Fred Erickson. She has pneumonia. Mr. and Mrs. Erickson and children were sick with the influenza but are now fully recovered.
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Death of Mrs. Prestel.

Mrs. Gertrude Prestel, wife of Stanley C. Prestel, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. T. M. Nichol, died at the home of her parents in this city Monday evening. Death resulted from tuberculosis. Mrs. Prestel had been sick for the past year. Her husband is in France…

source: The Caldwell Tribune. (Caldwell, Idaho), 24 Jan. 1919. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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The Caldwell Tribune. January 24, 1919, Page 2

19190124CT2Items of Interest From Surrounding Territory

Deer Flat

The churches were opened for regular services last Sunday with a very good attendance at all three churches.

The new store built to replace the one burned down in Huston last fall is completed and Mr. Nicols opened for business the first of the week.
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Marble Front Items

Owing to the need of red cross sewing the Marble Front neighborhood have decided to have an all day meeting at the home of Mrs. T. C. Pearson, Thursday, January 30. Every lady is urgently requested to come and bring a half dozen sandwiches.
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Fairview

W. D. Spencer is recovering from an attack of the Flu.

Mrs. Noah Palmer was taken to Caldwell Saturday for medical treatment.

(ibid, page 2)
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The Caldwell Tribune. January 24, 1919, Page 5

19190124CT3Local and Personal

The family of Mayor Fred L. Lilly has about recovered from an attack of the Flu.

Mrs. Frank Lockwood, who has been quite sick with the Flu, is now greatly improved.

Funeral services were held from the residence Saturday afternoon for Laura, the infant daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Frank L. Lockwood. The child died Friday of Spanish influenza. Interment was at Canyon Hill cemetery.

E. M. Hendon left Tuesday for Birmingham, Alabama, where he was called by the death of his brother who was a victim of influenza.
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Midway News

Midway friends of Mr. and Mrs. C. A. Harris of Meridian extend the deepest sympathy on the loss of their 18 year old son, Charles, who died at the family home, Saturday, January 18, from pneumonia following influenza. The Harris’ were residents of this community when the U. S. R. S. had a camp at Midway, Mr. Harris being an electrician. Interment was in Kohlerlawn, Nampa, Monday afternoon, Rev. J. S. Colvin being in charge of the services.

After a week’s rest at her home, Miss Gracia Robinson returned to Boise Tuesday to resume nursing influenza patients.

Mrs. Bertha Hoffman and little son are so much improved from their recent illness that the nurse, Mrs. Schmidt, has returned home to Caldwell.
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Card of Thanks.

We wish to thank our friends for their kindness and sympathy during the recent illness and death of our little daughter.

Mr. and Mrs. F. L. Lockwood.

(ibid, page 5)
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The Caldwell Tribune. January 24, 1919, Page 7

19190124CT2Items of Interest From Surrounding Territory

Franklin News

The Franklin Home Service workers are helping care for the sick in the way of preparing cooked foods and making pneumonia jackets.

R. T. McClenahan, who has been very sick with influenza, is quite well again, and able to be out.

Miss Hazel Edwards, who has been teaching near Burley, is home again, her school being closed on account of sickness.

Silas Monroe, who formerly resided here, died from influenza, at his home in Walla Walla Wash. Mrs. Monroe was a niece of Mrs. J. C. Justice.

Clarence Allen is just recovering from the Flu.

Mrs. Ben Hoagensen is improving nicely, her mother, Mrs. Dickens from Caldwell, is with her.

The community was saddened last Friday morning on learning of the death of Orville Edwards. Death was due to pneumonia following an attack of influenza. Funeral services were held from the Robinson chapel Sunday afternoon, and the body was laid to rest in the Kohlerlawn cemetery. He leaves to mourn his loss, father, mother, three sisters and three brothers.

Mr. and Mrs. Trims are caring for Mr. Edwards’ family who have been very sick with influenza.

Int and Laura Edwards are gaining very slowly after being very sick with pneumonia.

Clarence Alley is able to be out after being confined to his home several weeks with influenza.

Sunday school and church were held Sunday morning, with a small attendance. Services next Sunday morning as usual.
— —

Middleton

Mrs. S. P. Baker is recovering from an attack of the Flu.
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Pleasant Ridge

Mrs. A. F. Talcott is quite sick with influenza.

Mr. and Mrs. Fred Brown and their children are recovering from the Flu.

Mrs. Geo. Springer is still unable to be about.

The A. G. Street family is having a serious tussle with the influenza. Mr. Street is up and caring for the rest of the family.

Mrs. Ora Sallee Kroug, formerly a resident of Pleasant Ridge, died at her home in Emmett, January 5, of Spanish influenza.

Ira Tish, who has been very ill from a relapse following influenza, is slowing improving.

Esther Kelsey is recovering from a light attack of smallpox. The family is quarantined and no more cases have developed.
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Greenleaf

The regular church services were held at the church Sunday with a large attendance. Emmett Gulley had charge of the morning meeting.

Mrs. Phebe Dimmitt is staying at the Isaac Street home helping them while the Arthur Street family has the influenza.
— —

Roswell

The public schools opened Wednesday.

Mrs. E. T. Rice and son, Paul, who have been ill with influenza, are coalescent.

Mrs. F. E. Scott was taken to Boise Friday for an operation for appendicitis. Mr. Scott accompanied her and was taken with influenza and was unable to return home.
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Wilder

About 75 pupils are served hot lunches every day by the domestic science department of the Wilder school.

Mrs. Earnest Walker, who has been very ill with the flu, is very much better.
— —

Arena Valley Items

The school was closed Monday that Miss Trotter the teacher, and the students might be vaccinated.

A “breaking cut” which has proved to be smallpox has been prevalent in the valley for some time. Most of the cases have been so light that a doctor was not consulted until last week when Dr. Mitchell of Parma was called to visit O. F. Packwood who was quite ill. He at once pronounced the case smallpox. Mr. Packwood is now convalescing.

Burrnard Barker is improving after a case of smallpox.
— —

Brier Rose

Mrs. Krezeek is recovering from the influenza. She contracted the disease on her return trip home from Iowa last week.
— —

Obituary.

Idaho lost another of her pioneers in the passing of Lewis F. Cook at the age of 84 years, 3 months and 27 days, who died at the family home fore miles east of Caldwell, January 12, after a short illness of pneumonia. …

(ibid, page 7)
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The Meridian Times., January 24, 1919, Page 1

19190124MT1

Death of Charley Harris One of Our Best Young Men

Charles Harris, who died at the home of his parents in Meridian Saturday, Jan. 18, 1919, was a young man of a very winsome disposition and fine character. The esteem in which he was held in this community was testified to by the large number of young people who attended the funeral services on Monday afternoon. Anyone who really knew Charley could not help admiring and loving him.

Charlie was born at Dufur, Oregon, October 11, 1900. … Constitutionally Charlie was not strong. It was thought that he was safely recovering from the attack of influenza he suffered, but because of heart trouble he failed to rally from the relapse that came. The death of Charlie was a very hard blow to the mother whose heart was bound up in her noble boy and who for some weeks has been seriously ill. Besides his parents, a sister and little brother mourn his loss from their home. …

source: The Meridian Times. (Meridian, Idaho), 24 Jan. 1919. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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The Meridian Times., January 24, 1919, Page 2

19190124MT2Preaches From His Cell
Clergyman Refuses to Obey Order to Close Church During “Flu” Epidemic and Is Arrested.

Harrison, O. — Because the city authorities would not order the saloons to close, Rev. George Cocks would not close his church, although the board of health had prohibited public meetings because of the epidemic of influenza. Sixteen members agreed with him and all 17 were arrested.

Undaunted, the minister sent word to the other members of his congregation and held his evening services in his cell, preaching through its open window to about 500 assembled outside the city jail.

(ibid, page 2)
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The Meridian Times., January 24, 1919, Page 3

19190124MT3
Legislative Notes

Free vaccination against influenza, cholera, smallpox and other contagious diseases is proposed in a bill offered by Danills of Camas county.

County commissioners will be empowered to employ a graduate trained nurse under a bill prepared by the Idaho Mothers congress for early introduction into the Idaho legislature.
— —

In The Gem State

The Blackfoot schools opened with an average attendance of 65 per cent. In the high school practically the normal attendance was noted with an increase of 28 in the enrollment.

Charles E. Struthers, United Sates district employment agent for the five northern counties of Idaho died at Wallace, of pneumonia following influenza. He was a member of the 1917 legislature.

Robert S. Stringer, who died recently at Tacoma from influenza was a former resident of Boise, and was for more than twenty years manager for Columbian and Pinney theatres, having acted in that capacity at the old Columbian theatre for 15 years, and for the Pinney until two years ago, when he left Boise for Tacoma.

On a charge that he was practicing medicine without a license Allen Mills, doctor of chiropractic, was arrested at Nampa.

The gist of an opinion by the attorney general is that teachers in common school districts can collect their salaries for time lost during the influenza epidemic, but independent school district teachers cannot collect if the trustees choose to terminate the teachers’ contracts and discharge them permanently by reason of the epidemic.

Warrens, a little mining camp of 53 souls, claims the banner for Red Cross and Liberty Loan work among all the communities of equal size in the United States. The gross total of proceeds for the Red Cross to date are $1547.88.

(ibid, page 3)
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The Meridian Times., January 24, 1919, Page 6

19190124MT4

(ibid, page 6)
— — — —

The Meridian Times., January 24, 1919, Page 8

Meridian News Notes

The flu situation continues to improve in fine shape. But few new cases are reported. The warm weather seems to have had a good effect.

Otis Starr is a sufferer with the flu.

A. V. Tallman, who has been ill with influenza is improving.

The young son of Mr. and Mrs. Rex Caster is quite ill.

A. L. Hancock is very ill at the home of his daughter, Mrs. Earl Gilbert, in Meridian.

Henry Taylor, manager of the Boise Payette Lumber yard at this place is able to resume his office work, after a siege with the influenza.

Mrs. Clyde Matthews, formerly of Meridian, died of influenza at her home near Boise, January 10th. She is survived by her husband and several small children.

Eighth grade examinations are being held at the grade school this week.

Rev. C. A. Quinn was unable to reside as chaplain in the house of representatives at Boise the first of this week, on account of illness. Rev. Willsie Martin kindly substituted for him during the three days Rev. Quinn was ill.

Last Monday Milton La Follette received a telegram from Washington, D. C., stating that his daughter Georgia was in a hospital there with an attack of pneumonia. She went to Washington a few weeks ago to take a government position and was making a good record, when stricken by illness. The telegram stated that she was having good care, and that Senator La Follette, her cousin, was giving attention to her case, and that she would not lack for proper nursing at one of the best institutions in the city.

(ibid, page 8)
— — — — — — — — — —

Building Irrigation Canal, Aberdeen, Idaho, 1907

Aberdeen1907Fritz-a

courtesy: the Mike Fritz Collection, History of Idaho
— — — — — — — — — —

The Idaho Republican. January 24, 1919, Page 1

19190124TIR1

Claire Chamberlain Called to Final Rest

Miss Claire Chamberlain, age twenty-nine years, daughter of H. Chamberlain, a local painter, succumbed to influenza at 11:15 a.m. Thursday, Jan. 23. Miss Chamberlain took sick a week ago Tuesday and seemed to be getting along nicely until the first of the week a change for the worse came about, and the delicate spark of life grew dimmer and less hopeful until the agent of death summoned the precious soul from this earthly home. …
— —

Influenza Victims

F. C. Parkinson received word Wednesday that his brother William of Logan lost a grown daughter Miss Marie, the first of this week from influenza. A son from same family was called a few weeks ago. He had been in training at the agricultural college when he contracted influenza. The deceased are brother and sister of Mrs. Luthire Allred of this city.
— —

Peterson Family Have Flu

The Hans P. Peterson family of Thomas have all been confined to the home with influenza. Mrs. Peterson reported Thursday morning that they are all recovering nicely, tho somewhat slowly.
— —

Influenza At Preston

The influenza epidemic is raging hard and fast at Preston, Idaho, there being 575 cases there at the present time; some of them very serious and others in a lighter form.

source: The Idaho Republican. (Blackfoot, Idaho), 24 Jan. 1919. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
— — — —

The Idaho Republican. January 24, 1919, Page 3

Watson Family Improving

The family of J. I. Watson are suffering with influenza at this writing. Dr. Hampton and a trained nurse are attending Mrs. Watson and children while Mr. Watson is at the bedside of his two sons that were attending the Idaho Technical Institute at Pocatello.

One son Arthur has been very ill with pneumonia, but at last word received by the mother he is improving.
— —

Young People Make Merry

The Baptist young people enjoyed a very pleasant social affair at the church Friday evening.

This is the first social in many months due to the influenza ban, consequently a goodly number were present and spent several hours of real fun and merry-making.

Refreshments served at a late hour brought the evening to a most successful climax.

(ibid, page 3)
— — — —

The Idaho Republican. January 24, 1919, Page 4

Moreland

Lee Farnsworth of Rupert is spending a few days here. Mr. Farnsworth reports the influenza very serious. Mr. Farnsworth was a former resident of that place.
— —

Upper Presto

Mrs. James Sessions who has been in Ogden since the early fall, was called to the bed-side of her son-in-law Chris Olsen, who is ill with the flu. The Olsens live at Goshen.

Dr. Cutler was called to the Irwin Jolley home Tuesday on account of the illness of their little daughter.

Roy the Jap has returned from Pocatello, where he has been attending the Jap family, who were ill with the influenza. Mr. and Mrs. K. and their little boy died and were buried in Pocatello. The many friends extend their deepest sympathy to the two small children and Roy who cared for them during their illness.
— —

Shelley

John Jorgensen has practically recovered from a light case of the flu.

J. L. Moore has recovered from a severe case of the flu.

Mrs. A. C. Quigg died last Friday morning at 10 o’clock after an attack of the flu and complications setting in. Mrs. Quigg had been ill for some time, and the last report was that she was improving, then news came of her death, which was a great surprise and sorrow to the many friends of the Quigg family. Mrs. Quigg leaves a devoted husband, three boys and two girls to mourn her loss.

George Monson died of pneumonia last Thursday morning at the Monson home in Goshen. Mr. Monson was well known in Shelley and vicinity and liked. he leaves several brothers and a father and mother to mourn his loss. The son Herbert died several weeks previous of pneumonia.

Mrs. O. W. Ellingson has recovered from a slight case of the flu.

Miss Rachael Dye of Basalt has nursed numerous cases of the flu around Shelley during the last few weeks.
— —

Grandview

L. A. Carbridge and family are greatly improved after a severe attack of the flu.

James Shaw and family are slowly improving after a severe attack of influenza-pneumonia.

The William Patten family are suffering from the flu, but the reports are they are all doing nicely.

Zehn Nelson returned from Camp Fremont, Cal. only a few hours before the death of his brother Keith, who has been suffering with influenza-pneumonia for the past two weeks. Their brother Park is also very low with a bad attack of the influenza-pneumonia. The sympathy of this vicinity goes out to the bereaved family.

R. H. Chappell the O. S. L. agent died at 10 o’clock Wednesday evening, after suffering with influenza-pneumonia. He leaves a devoted wife and little son to mourn his loss.

(ibid, page 4)
— — — —

The Idaho Republican. January 24, 1919, Page 5

Local News

Miss Bernice Wood is on the sick list this week.

Mrs. Frank Rossiter, who lives in the Younie addition is quite ill and under the doctor’s care at present.

Miss Vera Benzley deputy county clerk is ill and unable to attend to her duties at the court house.

N. M. Austin is on the sick list this week and unable to attend to his duties as expressman. The vacancy is being filled by Earl Clark.

William Plant and son Clifford of Porterville were transacting business in this city early Monday morning. Clifford had just recently recovered from a light attack of influenza.

Mr. and Mrs. O. Campbell left Monday afternoon for Chester, Idaho, where they will care for influenza patients. Mr. Campbell spent last week with his mother who is very ill at that place.
— —

Funeral Services

Funeral services for the late Miss Martha Winkler were conducted at the gave in the Grove City cemetery Tuesday afternoon.

Miss Winkler passed away Sunday morning, after suffering from influenza for only a short time.
— —

Father and Son Called

George Monson of Goshen and one of the most progressive citizens of that community, departed this life at his home at Goshen Friday, Jan. 17, after suffering from pneumonia following influenza. His son Hubert preceded the father to the final resting place just one week. …

(ibid, page 5)
— — — — — — — — — —

Shoshone Journal. January 24, 1919, Page 1

19190124SJ1

Dietrich

School opens again next Monday, with the same corps of teachers that started in last fall. The board has employed a trained nurse who will look after the physical well-being of the pupils.

As Miss Mary Harris assumes her former position as teacher, her sister, Miss Susie Harris succeeds her as an employee of the Borden Mercantile Co.

Word from Mr. and Mrs. L. H. Joy from Portland, is to the effect that they have adopted a little girl whose father [?] with the flu.

Harry Reed came here from Salt Lake City about two weeks ago to attend the funeral of his son James. Yesterday a message called him home on the account of the dangerous illness of his daughter with the flu. As he boarded the train another message noted her death.

J. P. Kelly has been called to the old home in Missouri on account of the serious illness of his only sister.
— —

Influenza Serum Here

The influenza serum* secured from the famous Mayo Brothers, of Rochester, Minn., has arrived and any one wishing the treatment may secure it free of cost any day from 2 to 5 p.m. at the Dill hospital.

source: Shoshone Journal. (Shoshone, Idaho), 24 Jan. 1919. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
— — — —

Shoshone Journal. January 24, 1919, Page 2

Idaho State News

A total of 222 homes have been visited by the trained nurses working for the home service section of the Boise chapter of the American Red Cross since it started the influenza relief work two weeks ago.

The Twin Falls county board of health has adopted a resolution prohibiting public and private dances until further orders. The action was taken as a means of coping more successfully with the influenza epidemic and at the same time of permitting public schools to remain open.

(ibid, page 2)
— — — —

Shoshone Journal. January 24, 1919, Page 4

19190124SJ2Board of Health Meeting.
Shoshone, Idaho January 15, 1919.
The Lincoln County Board of Health.

The Board of health, of Lincoln Co., Idaho, convened this day with Anders Anderson, Chairman; John W. McFall and T. W. Patterson, members. C. W. Dill having been appointed Secretary, All Members being present.

Notice of Quarantine.

Notice is hereby given that owing to the serious conditions now existing in Lincoln county, Idaho, the Board of Health, in consideration of the fact that Spanish Influenza and other contagious diseases prevail in said county for the purpose of declaring a quarantine does hereby ORDER that all public and private dances, of any nature or description, be prohibited. That homes or buildings in which is situated persons suffering from Spanish Influenza, or other contagious diseases, shall be strictly quarantined, and no person shall be permitted to go to or from said buildings, except physicians, or nurses or persons authorized by a competent physician, and only then after being properly fumigated.

Further, that the quarantine ban only be raised upon a place wherein exists Spanish Influenza, except by a member of the Board of Health of the county or a physician.

It is further ordered that no casket containing the corpse of any person who died of Spanish Influenza, shall be opened at the funeral of said person except upon an order of a member of the said Board of Health or a physician.

It is further ordered that it is the duty of any person ill, to notify, or cause to be notified a physician of such illness and if such physician does not attend said ill person than he shall notify the local health officer of the same.

This order shall remain in full force and effect until further ordered by this Board.

Whereupon the Board adjourned until further notice.

Anders Anderson, Chairman
Attest: C. W. Dill, Secretary
— —

Junior Red Cross Activities.

(Continued from page 1)

Owing to the influenza epidemic actual work has been much hampered. The rural schools of the county have been unable to take any active part so far, but there is plenty of work for them when they are ready to begin.

The boys allotment of bed-side tables had to be cancelled but they have made all shipping boxes for the senior Red Cross, eight in all. The boys especially those who are Scouts, are still offering their services to the Senior Red Cross and perform all tasks with much credit.

The seventh grade girls of the Shoshone school have completed since January, the allotment of twenty five bed side bags. The found them a very interesting problem and tried to do work that will give pleasure to the soldiers who will use them.

(ibid, page 4)
— — — — — — — — — —

Clearwater Republican. January 24, 1919, Page 1

19190124CR1

Local News

Miss Ruth Altender returned from Spokane this week to assist in nursing the influenza patients at the homes of H. L. Smith and Mrs. Olive Shite.
— —

The “flu” has again broken out in Orofino. The families of H. L. Henager are afflicted with the epidemic. It is also reported that the Gilbert school has been closed on account of the disease.

source: Clearwater Republican. (Orofino, Idaho), 24 Jan. 1919. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
— — — — — — — — — —

Cottonwood Chronicle. January 24, 1919, Page 1

19190124CC1

19190124CC2
School Notes
(By Wm. A. Lustie)

… The school attendance is much better this week.

1st and 2nd grades about 75 percent; 3rd and 4th, 67 percent; 5th and 6th, 90 percent; 7th and 8th, 91 percent; high school 89 percent.

Some of the rooms have more pupils than they had before the “flu” owning to new students who have just entered school.

In the twice a month “National School Service” issued by the Bureau of Education, Franklin K. Lane, secretary of the Interior says among other things in an article headed “The Need for Americanization.”

“There can be neither unity in ideals nor in propose unless there is some common method of communication through which may be conveyed the thought of the nation. All Americans must be taught to read, write and think in one language.”

In the article the following significant facts are mentioned:

10 percent of our adult population can not read the laws which they are presumed to know.

200,000 men out of the first 2,000,000 men drafted could not read their orders or understand them when delivered, or read the letters sent them from home. 18 percent of the coming citizens of this democracy do not go to school.

source: Cottonwood Chronicle. (Cottonwood, Idaho), 24 Jan. 1919. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
— — — —

Cottonwood Chronicle. January 24, 1919, Page 6

Cottonwood and Vicinity
Personal Mention and Local Happenings of the Week

Mrs. Martha Frost arrived from Salmon river Saturday and left for Lewiston, being called there by the serious illness of her son Fred who has pneumonia.

Wilber Box of Rice Creek who has been very ill with typhoid-pneumonia for the past four weeks is recovering slowly and is now able to sit up.

L. M. Asker, one of Cottonwood’s well known farmers has gone to Clarkston, Wash., where he will be under the care of a physician at that place for some time.

C. A. Johnston, proprietor of Cottonwood Hotel, and who has just recovered from a severe attack of the flue [sic] is a Grangeville visitor this week.
— —

Mrs. Frank Theyring

Elizabeth Sonnen was born at Buffalo Grove, Cook county Ill. on Sept. 19, 1867 where she spent her childhood years. She came with her parents to Idaho in 1886 and located at Keuterville, being one of the earliest settlers of that section. She was married to Frank Theyring Nov. 24, 1886 at the Indian mission at Lapwai and then settled on a homestead near Keuterville where they lived almost continuously until her recent death. She was a kind and faithful wife and loving mother always sacrificing her own comfort for that of her family. She was a true Christian neighbor always helping those who were in need and her life was one of sunshine to those of her family and friends. Death was due to influenza and heart trouble.

She leaves to mourn a grief stricken husband and five grown children …

(ibid, page 6)
— — — — — — — — — —

The Kendrick Gazette. January 24, 1919, Page 1

19190124KG1

19190124KG2
School Notes

As only one new case of influenza was reported in Kendrick for the past week school was again opened on Monday, January 20. Altho [sic] at present only thirty-two are enrolled in the high school, we look for an increase soon.

Miss Abrahamson reported eight in her room; Miss Long, ten; Miss Byrnes, eleven.

During the vacation the entire school building was wired for electric lights.
— —

School Started Monday

The Kendrick public school started Monday morning, resuming work where it was left off nearly three months ago. A very light attendance so far this week has been recorded but it is believed that if conditions remain favorable the first of the week, the attendance will be steadily increased. Nearly all of the neighboring towns have been holding school since their epidemic of the flu and most of them have regained practically normal attendance at the classes.

Dr. Kelly provided each teacher with a thermometer and any child who has a cold or shows any symptoms of being ill will be examined at school by the teacher. Good ventilation is also furnished and everything done to safeguard the health of the children. The class rooms are thoroughly fumigated.
— —

Death of Ralph Boehl

Ralph Boehl, who spent his boyhood days in Kendrick, died at the home of his parents, Mr. and Mrs. C. A. Boehl, of Lewiston. His death was caused by pneumonia following influenza. Mr. Boehl was about 26 years of age and had been employed for the past two years by the Lewiston Mercantile Co., being in charge of the mechanical equipment used in the bean cleaning department.

He was ill with influenza several weeks prior to his death, having contracted the disease the latter part of December. …
— —

Mrs. George Davidson

Fern Carlton was born on American ridge near Kendrick, Idaho August 13, 1884. She received her education in the public schools of Latah county and the high school of Kendrick, fitting herself for teaching, which vocation she followed until her marriage.

On June 15th 1908 she was united in marriage to George F. Davidson. To this union four children were born two daughters and two sons. …

She had the influenza, and when apparently recovering, complications developed which skill and friends could not combat, and after great suffering the end was peace. The devoted wife, the loving indulgent mother, died January 17, 1919, aged 34 years, 5 months and 4 days. … She leaves her mother, a sister and the devoted husband with her four little darlings to care for. …
— —

Juliaetta Items

Not a case of flu in town at this time

J. D. Hampton’s father and brother, Earl, from Kendrick visited with him last week. We are glad to see Earl improving in health and hope he may continue to improve.

W. S. Cox and family are all ill with the flu on Potlatch ridge. Mrs. James Bolon is taking care of them.
— —

19190124KG3
Six Million Deaths From Flu

From the London Times: The estimates of deaths over the whole world from any single epidemic are very hard to form, there seem to be reasonable grounds for believing that some six million have perished of influenza and pneumonia during the past twelve weeks. Business has been interfered with by the epidemic in every country in the world, and enormous losses both in the earning power and in trade have been suffered. The cost of the “influenza war” cannot be reckoned, but that it is colossal does not admit of doubt.

This plague is, it would seem, five times more deadly than war. It has been estimated that the war caused the death of 20 million persons in four years. In the same period at its epidemic rate, influenza would have killed 108 million.

Never since the Black Death has such a plague swept over the world; never, perhaps, has a plague been more stoically accepted. In India alone more than 3 million deaths occurred.

When we come to the geographical course of the epidemic we find what seems like confirmation of this view of augmenting virulence.

The epidemic began in Spain during last summer. It was then mild and there were comparatively few deaths. In that form it spread across Europe, visiting London about June. It was treated by the public rather as a joke and the victims soon recovered. The epidemic then reached America, and in August and September we began to hear very disquieting accounts of it. In these months it has practically disappeared from London. October saw the beginning of the return journey and the beginning of the present plague. As might have been expected the ports were first involved, Glasgow and Liverpool in particular suffering very heavily for a considerable time before other centers were affected. Next the disease reached London, to which no doubt it was brought by travelers in the thru trains.

source: The Kendrick Gazette. (Kendrick, Idaho), 24 Jan. 1919. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
— — — —

The Kendrick Gazette. January 24, 1919, Page 2

19190124KG4
To School Patrons

The prevalence of Influenza and the closing of the schools have resulted in a condition that must be faced and solved.

The loss of time has been so great that special effort must be put forth to make continuation of school for the remainder of the year worth while. Half year classes are not practical in a small school system. Consequently a plan has been decided upon which will make it possible to cover the greater part of a years’ work and grant full credit.

The school day will be gradually lengthened, as conditions warrant (the health of the children to be considered), and the term may be lengthened two weeks. Intensive work will be done and there will be no slacking up for laggards and late arrivals. No beginning classes will be formed. From 80 to 90 percent of the work will be covered, and those who do the work satisfactorily will be given full credit.

Pupils who wish to avail themselves of these opportunities are requested to keep away from crowds both in Kendrick and out of Kendrick. Members of their families are requested to do the same. If a contagious disease should appear in a family no pupil may return to school from that family without a permit from a physician.

If another epidemic should close school again, an arrangement will be made, with the consent of the health authorities, whereby those earnest pupils desiring to complete their work may obtain help from their teachers.

Those who wish to take advantage of the above arrangement should report for duty at once or not later than next week. Those returning later will be given review work.

It should be understood that school expense is the same whether we have school or not, salaries having to be paid, by a ruling of the attorney-general. Teachers and trustees are anxious that the school year shall not be lost to earnest pupils and tax payers.

A. Wilmont,
John F. Waide,
G. G. Porter, Trustees.
Approved by J. H. Kelly, M.D.
D. R. White, Supt.
— —

Leland News

New cases of flu continue to develop. The family of William Hamilton is the most recent. Their daughter, Marie, is quite sick but is reported as getting along reasonably well. As all cases about Leland are now under strict quarantine, we hope the malady will be checked before it becomes an epidemic. Others who have it at their home are Roy Skeels and Samuel Craig.

Since the above it is learned that several members of Herman Koepp’s family are down with the flu, but none of them serious as yet, and we hope they may come long with no serious results.

Mrs. Arthur Locke is again able to be out after being confined to the house for some time with quinsy.

(ibid, page 2)
— — — —

The Kendrick Gazette. January 24, 1919, Page 6

Idaho News Paragraphs
Recent Happenings in This State Given in Brief Items for Busy Readers.

Kendrick is free from influenza.

The influenza situation in Moscow is improving, there being but few cases of the disease.

Peter Probach, age 40, well known throughout the Coeur d’Alenes, died recently from pneumonia following influenza. He had resided in the district for 20 years.

Influenza is raging throughout Bonner county unabated, though not many cases are fatal. Only three deaths are reported for the week. Owing to the illness of a number of the teachers two of the schools of Sandpoint have closed. The health officers are tightening the quarantines, though schools, churches and theaters are still permitted open.

The health officer at Kellogg, has issued the following regulations during the influenza quarantine: Public schools to open Monday under supervision of school nurses, three to be employed. Churches may resume services, only every other pew to be occupied and buildings to be disinfected before and after each service; pool halls and cigar stores may open and also the moving picture shows, the latter to use only every other seat in every other row; no person under 21 to be allowed in pool halls, cigar stores, theaters, or other public places; all dances, social gatherings, public meetings and lodge meetings are prohibited.

(ibid, page 6)
— — — —

The Kendrick Gazette. January 24, 1919, Page 7

Big Bear Ridge

The Whybark and Eacker families are recovering nicely from a severe attack of influenza. Mrs. Emerson, who has nursed them returned to Moscow Tuesday.

Dr. Faust of Deary has been giving the serum vaccination* treatments to a large number on the upper part of the ridge.

James Huffman is reported to be much improved since he has been at Lewiston Hospital.

(ibid, page 7)
— — — —

The Kendrick Gazette. January 24, 1919, Page 8

Gleanings

Mr. and Mrs. E. R. Porter and little son had rather an unpleasant experience soon after reaching the home of Mr. Porter’s folks at Waterville. All three of them became ill with the flu as soon as they were convalescent the rest of the household also contracted the disease. Rud was sick in bed for thirteen days but has recovered.

The Grand Theatre will open tomorrow night after having been closed for several months on account of the flu.

Sylvester Stevens arrived last week on the night train from Portland. He was ill when he reached Kendrick and the doctor pronounced it flu. He went direct from the train to his home so there was no opportunity for anyone becoming exposed. His case is the only flu in town and as every precaution is being taken it is not likely any other cases will develop from them.

Thomas McDowell, who has had quite a serious time since he became ill with the flu, is beginning to improve considerably. His friends will be glad to see him back at the old stand.

The local preachers have decided to postpone church services for a least another week.

One of the Green boys has a vehicle that makes a Ford look like thirty cents from the standpoint of efficiency. He has a kid’s wagon in which he spends most of his time. He also has a dog, one of the Ven Wert bull pups. When young Green is seated in the wagon he motions to the pup to get behind. The pup puts his front feet on the back of the wagon and pushes it along the side walk for blocks at a time and seems to enjoy it.

(ibid, page 8)
— — — — — — — — — —

The Rathdrum Tribune., January 24, 1919, Page 1

19190124RT1

19190124RT2
From Over The County

Spirit Lake

The flu situation is improving.

Dr. E. W. White made several trips to Blanchard to attend the influenza patients who are employed in the ice fields, upon request of the health officer of Bonner county.
— —

Coeur D’Alene

Sheriff Quarles returned Saturday from Seattle with Charles Reuben Whitby, wanted for the theft of Dr. Busby’s automobile. Whitby made a full confession and was sentenced to one to 14 years in the penitentiary. Sheriff Quarles brought back one of Dr. Busby’s medical kits.
— —

Post Falls

Nolan Farthing, 8-year-old son of Mr. and Mrs. N. Farthing, was so badly injured recently in a fight with two of his school companions that it was thought he would not recover, but he is slowly improving. The boys used their dinner pails as weapons.
— —

Idaho State News Items.

Senate bills introduced in the legislature …

Jan. 13 – … Providing free vaccination. …

House bills introduced:

Jan. 14 – To destroy squirrels, gophers, etc. Abolish capital punishment. Supply vaccines and serums free. …

Jan. 20 – … Give independent school districts power until Sept. 1, 1919, to issue funding bonds to take up outstanding indebtedness. To support common schools by a state tax levy.

source: The Rathdrum Tribune. (Rathdrum, Idaho), 24 Jan. 1919. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
— — — —

The Rathdrum Tribune., January 24, 1919, Page 2

The son, age 18, of Mr. and Mrs. A. W. Low, well known citizens of Athol, died of influenza, and was buried at Athol yesterday.

(ibid, page 2)
— — — —

The Rathdrum Tribune., January 24, 1919, Page 3

Personal Mention.

Frank Mitchel is meat cutter for the Rathdrum Meat market while Jacob Biemond, the proprietor, is absent on account of illness.

Rev. J. G. Carrick drove the ail auto on route one a few days during the serious illness of Mr. Lanthrop’s family.
— —

Local Paragraphs.

Since last Thursday, influenza has been officially reported in the families of D. R. Adams and Louis Monaco. All the patients are reported doing well.

The Morgan home was again quarantined on account of varioloid appearing among the children.

The ground has been bare since a week ago, due to the chinook. Practically all the frost went out, also, and the roads are muddy, making it difficult for the R. F. D. carriers.
— —

Death From Influenza.

Florence, eldest daughter of Mr. and Mrs. C. F. Lathrop, died Sunday night, Jan. 19, of pneumonia following influenza. The funeral was held Wednesday afternoon, …

Florence Hope Lathrop was born in Iowa, Aug. 27, 1901, and died at her home in Rathdrum Jan. 19, 1919, age 17 years, 4 months, 23 days. She was a junior in the Rathdrum high school, and was a teacher in the Sunday school of the M. E. church …
— —

The Twin Lakes school was closed Monday on account of the epidemic appearing among the families in that neighborhood.

(ibid, page 3)
— — — — — — — — — —

The Daily Star-Mirror., January 24, 1919, Page 1

19190124DSM1

19190124DSM2Death Rate Higher Than 1917
Increase of 2.14 Per 1000 at Spokane During year 1918.

Spokane. — Spokane’s death rate for 1918, even with the large number of fatalities due to the influenza epidemic, was but 2.14 per thousand population greater than in 1917, according to health department statistics. The 1917 deaths numbered 1164, a rate of 8.09 per thousand. In 1918, with 1538 deaths, of which 424 were from influenza, the rate was 10.23 per thousand.
— —

19190124DSM3

source: The Daily Star-Mirror. (Moscow, Idaho), 24 Jan. 1919. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
— — — —

The Daily Star-Mirror., January 24, 1919, Page 2

Five Die At Ellensburg
Influenza Takes Heavy Toll – Many Serious Cases Reported.

Ellensburg, Wash. — Five deaths occurred in Ellensburg and vicinity in the last week from influenza. Many serious cases are reported in and around the city. Miss Ada Hendricks, age 23; Mrs. Guy Cook, age 22; Mrs. Jessie Dunbar, Mrs. John Angerman, age 28, and Miss Amy Skone, were the victims.
— —

Entomologists of the Department of Agriculture, working in cooperation with the war department, have found that the modern laundry, as now adopted for army camps, affords a [practical] methods of disinfection and disinsection*. In an article soon to be published by a scientific society they describe experiments that established their conclusions and point out how laundry methods may be adapted to suit special cases.

(ibid, page 2)

* disinsection: “to control or kill the insect vectors of human diseases”
— — — —

The Daily Star-Mirror., January 24, 1919, Page 3

19181202DSM3
City News

Miss June Cole is visiting her sister, Mrs. T. E. Gehrett. Miss Cole teachers in Potlatch, which schools will reopen January 27th.

Mrs. Emil Johnson went to Spokane today, called by the illness of her daughter of influenza.

Elmer Peterson, son of Claus Peterson, is very seriously ill at the hospital. Over a week ago Mr. Peterson underwent an operation for appendicitis and now his serious condition is caused by plural pneumonia.
— —

New County Physician.

The county commissioners have made a new appointment in the person of Dr. J. W. Stevenson as county physician. Dr. Stevenson is successor to Dr. Carithers in that office. Dr. Rae having served during the absence of Dr. Carithers.
— —

Miss Smith Has Influenza.

One new case of influenza in this city was reported to the heath authorities yesterday. Miss Ella Smith, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. H. D. Smith, residing on West A street, is the victim. The case is reported to be mild.

(ibid, page 3)
— — — — — — — — — —

Adair, Idaho ca. 1911 (1)

Adair1911Fritz-a

courtesy: the Mike Fritz Collection, History of Idaho
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January 25

Evening Capital News., January 25, 1919, Page 2

19190125ECN1

Flu In Frisco Decreases.

San Francisco, Jan. 25. — Influenza cases reported yesterday totaled 85, showing a steady decrease in the epidemic here. Deaths reported numbered 20. Thirty-three arrests were made for violation of the masking ordinance.

Despite the evident benefits of the masks, the anti-mask league, wearing masks, will meet tonight.

source: Evening Capital News. (Boise, Idaho), 25 Jan. 1919. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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Evening Capital News., January 25, 1919, Page 5

Middleton

Now that the “flu” ban is raised there will be Sunday school and church at the three churches Sunday.

The local schools will open again Monday morning, the first since the holidays.

Mrs. Gus Dahlberg is recovering from a siege of influenza.

Mrs. A. B. Lewis has returned from the east, where she was called to care for relations during a siege of influenza.
— —

Nampa

Mrs. J. P. Marks has been called to Glenns Ferry by the illness of her daughter, Mrs. George McAnnulty.

Miss May Pierce of the high school faculty has been called to Aletha, Kan., by the serious illness of a brother.
— —

M’Dermott

The meetings at Fairview church were resumed Thursday night and will continue until further notice.
— —

Caldwell.

The Methodist Sunday school will be opened again tomorrow, the hour of opening having been designated at 10 o’clock in the morning.

Mrs. C. S. Ayers assisted with the examination at Roosevelt school Wednesday.

(ibid, page 5)
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Evening Capital News., January 25, 1919, Page 8

19190118ECN5Little News of Boise

The serum* ordered by Mayor S. H. Hays during the recent “flu” epidemic in this city, from the Mayo pathological laboratories in Rochester, Minn., arrived this morning by express. The serum was left in the office of the city clerk, and will be disposed of later.

After Filthy Yards.

Fire Chief W. A. Foster and Health Officer Pfirman are making daily inspections of the city in order to investigate dirty houses and back yards, and those found to have such will be summarily punished according to the sections 1009 and 1010 of the health ordinances of the city which forbid the throwing of manure or ashes in back yards, or to allow garbage, swill, offal or foul vegetable matter to be any other place other than in a box, barrel or garbage can.

Dragging Streets.

The city street department, under superintendent Jack Sharp, is busily engaged in dragging the streets of the city that are not paved, and making them fit of spring and summer. The ravages of winter leave them in bad condition in some places, and it is the practice of Superintendent Sharp to put them in shape at the very first opportunity.

(ibid, page 8)
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The Daily Star-Mirror., January 25, 1919, Page 1

19190125DSM1

19190125DSM3
Conditions are Good Under Circumstances
Reopening of Schools Brings Good Per Cent of Attendance

Superintendent Rich of the Moscow public schools made the following statement to a Star-Mirror reporter relative to the conditions existing at the end of four days’ resumption of the entire school system.

“At the close of the first week of school for the entire system there were only seven pupils in attendance who were being held under advisement by the school nurse, and not one of these pupils had any other symptom but a slight temperature.

“The attendance for the whole system was close to 90 per cent for the past week which is considered very good under the circumstances.

“No change was made in the noon hour as was announced in The Star-Mirror as a shorter noon hour means many more pupils to bring their lunch and the lunch room at the Whitworth building is too small to accommodate so many pupils at a time when influenza is so prevalent.”
— —

May Attend Sunday School.

City Health Officer Dr. W. A. Adair, has authorized the Star-Mirror to announce that high school pupils will be permitted to attend Sunday school tomorrow. Make no mistake, because this order does not apply to the pupils in the grades. The doctor stated further that if conditions continued to improve as at present, he would be ready to raise the ban against high school pupils attending the moving picture shows about Wednesday of next week. Further announcement regarding this will be made when that date arrives.
— —

Taught by Telephone.

Montrose, Col. — The closing of public schools because of the epidemic of Spanish influenza did not prevent the school children of the Maple Grove school, near here, from continuing their education. The teacher, seated in her room in the boarding house, assigned lessons and heard recitations over the telephone and the plan worked nicely. The only objection was that it interfered with morning visits of neighbor women.
— —

19190125DSM2

source: The Daily Star-Mirror. (Moscow, Idaho), 25 Jan. 1919. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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The Daily Star-Mirror., January 25, 1919, Page 2

[Editorial]

The influenza epidemic has apparently not yet run its full course. This is indicated by reports from many sections of the country, and some not so very far from Moscow. The conditions here are most excellent compared with some of these other points. But we must be careful. Regardless of private or other interests the health of a community should be safeguarded in a time like the present, and the authorities upon whom rests the responsibility for such safe guarding should be given every support that the situation demands.

(ibid, page 2)
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The Daily Star-Mirror., January 25, 1919, Page 3

19181202DSM3
City News

Miss Agnes Peterson of Orofino, and Miss Jannie Peterson of Ritzville, Wash., returned home today from the schools, called by the illness of their brother, Elmer.

Miss Ethel Jones, teacher in the Moscow high school, went to her home at Juliaetta for the week end.

Miss Tessie Keane, who teaches at Troy, came home today for the week end.

(ibid, page 3)
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Store at Agatha, Idaho

AgathaFritz-a

courtesy: the Mike Fritz Collection, History of Idaho
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January 26

Evening Capital News., January 26, 1919, Page 4

19190126ECN1

19190126ECN2
High school Notes

Friday afternoon the student body of Boise high school was treated to its first assembly since the breaking out of the influenza epidemic, when Major Booth of Twin Falls gave a most interesting talk. Major Booth is a prominent attorney of Twin Falls, who enlisted at the beginning of the war as a private, and won his advancement up to his present rank of major. His subject was “The American Army,” and what is has done for the men, and what results could be accomplished by a compulsory training course of from six to nine months for all the young manhood of the nation.

Student Council Meets.

The newly elected student council of Boise high school held its first meeting Friday afternoon at 4 o’clock. It was decided at the meeting that the usual customs of issuing four numbers of the Courier, the school paper, during the school year could not be carried out this year because of the shortened term caused by the influenza closing. The Annual, however, will be issued as in the past. It was decided to elect the editor, assistant editor, and manager of the Courier next Wednesday, and to allow the editor to choose the reminder of the staff. …
— —

“Flu” Rapidly Leaving.

The influenza epidemic took a decided turn for the better during the past week. Only 25 new cases have been reported. The week previous there were about 100, and two weeks ago several hundred. No deaths have been reported for an entire week. Only three patients are left in the emergency hospital and they are convalescing as rapidly as could be expected.
— —

Postpone Court One Week

The January term of the district court will not open until Monday, February 3, the influenza epidemic making necessary the postponement for one week. An unusually heavy docket is a feature of the coming session.
— —

Rev. Felix A. Byrne of Dubuque, Iowa, has taken charge of the services in the Catholic churches of this city and of Wendell, Jerome, Glenns Ferry and Mountain Home, during the absence of Rev. Lobel. The latter is spending several months at San Diego, Cal., recovering from the after effects of the influenza.
— —

J. S. Crowe, popular barber, has just recovered from a four days’ attack of the hiccoughs. The attack was unusually severe.

source: Evening Capital News. (Boise, Idaho), 26 Jan. 1919. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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Evening Capital News., January 26, 1919, Page 8

Mountain Home

Miss Irene Breiglib who has been quite ill with the Spanish influenza is improving rapidly.

Mrs. Earl Whitson and little daughter who have been seriously ill with influenza are improving rapidly.

Miss Sophia Rhorer, a nurse who is in training at St. Alphonsus hospital is spending several days at the home of her mother, Mrs. Rhorer.

(ibid, page 8)
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Evening Capital News., January 26, 1919, Page 10

19190118ECN5Little News of Boise

Children Did Not Die.

Fields Caldwell of Boise reported Saturday night that he was in receipt of a letter from Mr. Baldwin of Portland, which stated that his four children, reported to have died from influenza, were well and did not even have the disease, although the grandfather died as reported.

Attendance Improving.

Miss Lura V. Paine, superintendent of schools of Ada county, reports that the attendance in the rural schools is picking up and now averages approximately 60 per cent of the normal. In some schools the attendance is as high as 80 per cent and with influenza subsiding in the country it is soon expected it will be normal.

Theatre To Open

Manager Herman J. Brown of the Inland Amusement company is authority for the statement that the Isis theatre on Tenth street, which has been closed for some months, will re-open on Feb. 1 with a fine line of motion picture attractions.

(ibid, page 10)
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Evening Capital News., January 26, 1919, Page 11

19190126ECN3
Influenza Serum Arrives For Use In Capital City

Serum* enough to inoculate 2500 persons which was ordered by Mayor Samuel H. Hays during the recent influenza epidemic from the Mayo brothers in Rochester, Minn., arrived by express this morning, and was immediately sent over to the office of the city physician, Dr. Pond.

Dr. Pond will distribute the serum personally and arrange to have inoculations given to the people who desire them by various physicians in this city.
— —

South Boise

A meeting was held Tuesday evening at Community hall by the South Boise sector of the Ada county council of defense, for the purpose of organizing the workers to assist in the Red Cross work in the campaign of stamping out the flu.

It was voted to resume the south side community meetings, which have been suspended on account of the prevailing epidemic.
— —

Pierce Park – Collister

The sessions of Collister school are held all day every other Saturday. This is done to make up for lost time necessitated by the flu scourge.

Byron Hall, the motorman, has had a slight touch of influenza but is at work again.

Miss Edith Heller has accepted the position of primary teacher in Valleyview school, and will begin work Monday, Feb. 2. Miss Heller has been ill for two weeks, but is improving in health rapidly.

The T. H. Heller family, who have been under quarantine for the flu for several days, are out again. They have recently sold their home but are planning to locate in the vicinity of Boise, Mr. Williams, the purchaser of the Heller home, has arrived from Nebraska.

Edward L. Plant was called to Emmett Friday by the severe illness of one of his twin sons, Edward L. Plant, jr.

M. R. Atkinson who has been ill for several months has slightly improved in health though he is confined to the house.

Preaching and Sunday school at Pierce Park Sunday morning at the usual hours.
— —

Announcements

Maple Grove school will reopen Monday, January 27.

The Girl Scouts and the high school clubs of the Y. W. C. A., directed by Miss Helen Brown will resume activities beginning Monday.

(ibid, page 11)
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Junction of North Fork With Clearwater River at Ahsanka, Idaho

AhsankaFritz-a

courtesy: the Mike Fritz Collection, History of Idaho
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January 27

The Daily Star-Mirror., January 27, 1919, Page 1

19190127DSM1

19190127DSM2
Last Influenza Flag Hauled Down
City of Moscow Now Free From Disease But Public Meetings Are Banned

The last two flags denoting influenza quarantine of homes in Moscow were hauled down today. For the first time since early last October it is believed the town is free from the dread disease which has cost more than a score of lives here and more than six million lives in the world.

But the ban has not been lifted. In fact the regulations are to be enforced more rigidly than ever for a time. Churches and theaters must observe the rule providing that every alternate seat be vacant, and lodges and other organizations will not be permitted to hold banquets. Dancing is positively forbidden either in public halls or private homes and any one going from Moscow to other points to attend dances or other public gatherings or entertainments will be quarantined in their homes as soon as the facts become known.

Dr. Adair, city health officer, announces that there will be no “let up” in the regulations and that the rules will be rigidly enforced until all danger is past. He calls attention to the fact that the disease is very bad in other towns and some places have had a third recurrence of the disease which was worse than the first and second.
— —

Council Wants Reports of All Idaho Soldiers

County chairmen are urged again to keep all clippings from their local papers or any other papers regarding the young men who have given their services, and send in with the slips that are filled in. Some counties are sending the lists in quite promptly. Mrs. White of Payette county has sent her complete record filled on the slips sent.

The force at the state council office have begun to copy the record sent in on permanent cards for the final filing. Any additional information may be sent in at any time. It is to be hoped as soon as the influenza abates in any given locality that the war history work will be speedily brought to a finish.

source: The Daily Star-Mirror. (Moscow, Idaho), 27 Jan. 1919. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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The Daily Star-Mirror., January 27, 1919, Page 5

19181202DSM3
City News

Mrs. C. W. Featherstone of Viola is in Moscow to visit her husband who is ill at the hospital.

Oscar Howell of Princeton come to Moscow today to take treatment at the hospital.

(ibid, page 5)
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The Daily Star-Mirror., January 27, 1919, Page 6

19190127DSM3
Graduate Nurses For Idaho Schools
Bill Introduced in Legislature Provides Protection For Children

Boise. — The following is the copy of an act introduced in the Idaho legislature known as house bill No. 15 by Representative Tyler of Ada county seeking to give better care to children in the schools:

“Be it enacted by the legislature of the state of Idaho:

“Section 1. The board of county commissioners of any county is authorized and empowered to employ a graduate trained nurse or nurses whose duties shall be as follows: To act and consulting expert on hygiene for all schools not already having medical inspection either by physician or visiting nurse; to assist in the care of the poor in the county who are in need of such services; to give instruction to tuberculosis patients and others relative to hygiene measures to be observed in preventing the spread of tuberculosis; to aid in making a report of existing cases of tuberculosis; to act as a visiting nurse throughout the county; to hold clinics; in cooperation with the juvenile court to look after child welfare work in the county and to perform such other duties as nurse and hygienic expert as may be assigned by the county board. Every such visiting nurse shall at the end of each month make a report in writing to the county commissioners, which report shall show the visits made during the month then ending, clinics held, assistance rendered and the requests made for such services and such other information as the county board may from time to time require.

“Sec. 2. The salary of any such nurse or nurses shall be fixed by said board of county commissioners, who may make appropriation for the same out of the general tax fund of the county or out of other available funds not otherwise appropriated.”
— —

Misses Viola McCartor, Louie Poke and Eunice Miller, teachers of the Potlatch schools, left Moscow Saturday for Potlatch, as the schools open Monday.

(ibid, page 6)
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Evening Capital News., January 27, 1919, Page 1

19190127ECN1

19190127ECN2
Over 200 Red Cross Nurses Dead Of Flu

Washington, Jan. 27 — Over 200 American Red Cross nurses died of influenza contracted while administering to “flu” stricken soldiers both here and abroad, the Red Cross revealed today.

source: Evening Capital News. (Boise, Idaho), 27 Jan. 1919. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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Evening Capital News., January 27, 1919, Page 3

Garbage Collection By City Is Proposed
Movement on Foot to Have Refuse of City Municipally Gathered and Reduced in City Incinerator at Profit.

A movement is on foot in the city at this time to urge the installation of a regular city garbage collection system, and the building of an incinerator to work over the refuse of the city into the many byproducts to be derived from such reduction processing.

It is argued that the cost of the present system whereby each house owner is required to dispose of his or her own piles of garbage and refuse is prohibitive, and has a great tendency to wards creating a spirit of carelessness in allowing piles of refuse to accumulate in back yards and thus breed many kinds of disease. …

It is a matter of record that the accumulation of garbage and refuse in back yards not only has a bad effect on the health of the city, but also leaves a bad impression in the minds of those who visit Boise for the purpose of locating permanently.

According to Deputy Health Officer Pfirman and Fire Chief Foster, who have been inspecting the back yards of the city the past few days, a deplorable condition of many homes and yards has been found; something that could not exist with the installation of a city collection system, as every day would find the garbage and refuse of the house removed. Such conditions, it is understood, have had a great tendency towards the spread of influenza and other diseases, and are a constant menace to the health of the community. …

(ibid, page 3)
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Evening Capital News., January 27, 1919, Page 5

M’Dermott

Mrs. C. E. Clapp and Mrs. H. G. Williams visited Grandma Snell at St. Luke’s hospital Saturday.
— —

Ustick

The attendance at school here last week was 70 percent, and since no cases of influenza have developed thus far, no doubt that attendance will be normal soon.

(ibid, page 5)
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Evening Capital News., January 27, 1919, Page 7

19190118ECN5Little News of Boise

Has Pneumonia.

Many friends and acquaintances of James Floyd, reporter for the Capital News, popularly known in the city as “Jim” Floyd, will be sorry to learn that he was taken ill Saturday night with pneumonia. He is doing as well as could be expected under the circumstances.

Infantile Paralysis.

A three-year-old child of Bruce Crawford, 605 South Thirteenth street, has developed what appears to be infantile paralysis. The home has been quarantined and another infant child isolated.
— —

Deaths – Funerals

Treffry – A well known citizen of this city, Robert F. Treffry, 911 Franklin street, passed away at 7:30 Sunday morning from pneumonia following influenza. At the time of his death, he was 36 years of age, and is survived by his wife and two children, his father, George Treffry, and five brothers, …

Van Hover – Pneumonia claimed Mrs. Eda Van Hover, niece of George W. McPherson, six miles northeast of Star, Sunday morning. She was 30 years of age, and is survived by her father in South Dakota, and three children.

(ibid, page 7)
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Packing Influenza Vaccine 1919

1919Vaccine-a
Commonwealth Serum Laboratories
— — — —

Serum* 1918-1919

Many vaccines were developed and used during the 1918–1919 pandemic. The medical literature was full of contradictory claims of their success; there was apparently no consensus on how to judge the reported results of these vaccine trials. … The most widely used, and historically the most interesting, was the vaccine produced by Edward C. Rosenow of the Mayo Clinic’s Division of Experimental Bacteriology. Rosenow argued that the exact composition of a vaccine intended to prevent pneumonia had to match the distribution of the lung-infecting microbes then in circulation. For that reason, he insisted that the composition of his vaccine had to be frequently readjusted. His initial vaccine consisted of killed bacteria in these proportions: … He later dropped Pfeiffer’s bacillus entirely. The Mayo Clinic distributed Rosenow’s vaccine widely to physicians in the upper Midwest. … McCoy arranged his own trial of the Rosenow vaccine produced by the Laboratories of the Chicago Health Department. He and his associates worked in a mental asylum in California where they could keep all subjects under close observation. They immunized alternate patients younger than age 41 on every ward, completing the last immunization 11 days before the local outbreak began. Under these more controlled conditions, Rosenow’s vaccine offered no protection whatsoever. McCoy’s article appeared as a one-column report in the December 14, 1918, edition of the Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA)…

source: The State of Science, Microbiology, and Vaccines Circa 1918
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See also:

A good paper from Stanford University

“The Medical and Scientific Conceptions of Influenza” on the search for the cause and vaccine.
source:
https://virus.stanford.edu/uda/fluscimed.html
——————

Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 1)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 2)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 3)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 4)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 5)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 6)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 7)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 8)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 9)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 10)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 11)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 12)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 13)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 14)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 15)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 16)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 17)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 18)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 19)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 20)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 21)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 22)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 23)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 24)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 25)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 26)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 27)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 28)