Idaho History Dec 6, 2020

Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic

Part 34

Idaho Newspaper clippings February 18-21, 1919

Photos courtesy: the Mike Fritz Collection, History of Idaho
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February 18

Evening Capital News., February 18, 1919, Page 4

19190218ECN119190218ECN2Pneumonia and “The Flu” Now Almost Entirely Preventable
By Dr. Leonard Keen Hirshberg
A. B., M. A., M. D. (Johns Hopkins University)

What facts have you for your buoyant, optimistic convictions that you will not fall a victim to the “flu,” pneumonia, or smallpox? I’ll answer for you – none!

It is human nature not to look unpleasant facts in the face. It is human nature to feel that your wife or your neighbor or some one else may catch cold or have pneumonia. You delude yourself into the belief that the other person gets sick because there’s something weaker or wrong with him.

It is just such absurdities that are largely responsible for pneumonia, influenza, typhoid, tuberculosis and other maladies, which could be driven from the face of the earth if your indifference, your disinclination to put words into deeds were changed.

How can you think that the mere fact that you’re alive and feel so well will ward off pneumonia?

In 60 days recently many thousands of hearty Americans in the prime of life were stricken dead as if by a breath by the germs of pneumonia-influenza.

The Wise Procedure.

Most of them felt and thought as you do now – that it will not strike you, but someone else.

Nevertheless, by the administration of vaccines*, composed of fats and killed pneumonia bacteria, you can feel even safer and with more certainty than your human nature makes you feel now without grounds for it.

These pneumonia vaccines by order of the United States army and departments of public health have been given to our men in France and Germany as well as in camps on this side.

You should follow the same plan and request your doctor to obtain vials of pneumonia vaccine and to learn the methods of Lt. E. A Fennel of the Untied States army, Washington, D. C. Don’t merely read this, acquire the facts, approve of them, and then do nothing. That is what most persons do. That is why many diseases have not been exterminated.

Pneumonia, it appears now, is almost absolutely a preventable disease.

Pneumo-vaccines made in the army medical department in Washington and in the Rockefeller Institute, New York, and at the Druid Hospital, Baltimore, are composed of the several different races of pneumo-cocci – the sources of much pneumonia. These vaccines are safe, harmless and easily obtained. The sources are unquestionable.

Easy to Obtain.

When injected into the flesh and muscles of any one the vaccine gives the person a successful state of immunity to the common forms of pneumonia. Furthermore, it wards off the danger for an extended period of time.

These useful vaccines can now be added to the vaccines against smallpox, against typhoid, against whooping cough, hydrophobia, and against lockjaw – all infectious, microbic diseases, easily preventable, yet not curable.

The United States army vaccine against pneumonia used in the last two months has prevented tens of thousands of young men from having pneumonia and perhaps dying.

Several reliable commercials firms are now engaged in making pneumonia, typhoid and other vaccines under the wise supervision of trained army officers recently mustered out. Supervision by the United States government gives you added security against defective vaccines.

Go now to your doctor and insist upon the administration of the vaccine. It will save you money, health and happiness.

source: Evening Capital News. (Boise, Idaho), 18 Feb. 1919. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.

[*Note: the above article presents the hypothesis that influenza was a bacteria, before the discovery it was a virus in the early 1930s. See below for more info on early vaccines.]
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Evening Capital News., February 18, 1919, Page 7

House Bills, Memorials and Resolutions

House bill No. 245, by Monson – Pertaining to the apportionment of state and county school funds for school districts where schools were close because of influenza epidemic.

Senate bill No. 181 by committee on education – Unifying and simplifying the school code of Idaho in respect to organization, classification of districts, administration and election.

(ibid, page 7)
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Evening Capital News., February 18, 1919, Page 9

Around Boise Valley Loop

Nampa

Mrs. J. H. Graybill is reported quite ill.
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Meridian

Three or four new cases of the influenza are reported near town.

A. L. Hancock, who has been quite ill the past month, is reported to be slightly improved.
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Star

Mrs. Taylor, wife of Mr. Taylor, professor of Star schools arrived here yesterday from Colorado.
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High School Building Bonds.

Caldwell, Feb 18. – At an election to be held here tomorrow the citizens will determine whether they will issue bonds in the sum of $15,000 for the construction of an annex to the high school building. Bonds in the sum of $[?] were issued some two years ago for this purpose, but the work was delayed because of war activities and it is held that additional bonds to the amount proposed will be necessary to complete such an addition as is desired.

(ibid, page 9)
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The Idaho Republican. February 18, 1919, Page 2

19190218TIR1

Wicks

Mrs. Matilda Merrill was called to her home at Smithfield on Monday on account of the serious illness of her grandson. Mrs. Merrill was here visiting with her daughters Mrs. George Dunn of this district and Mrs. Henry Dunn of Blackfoot.
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Sterling

Zehn Nelson has recovered from his recent attack of influenza.

Thomas Furniss is improving from his recent attack of blood poisoning.

The L. D. S. Church held Sunday school and church Sunday for the first time in several months owing to the influenza quarantine.

the school children had a quarter holiday Friday, which was their reward for having no tardiness during the month. This is the first holiday they have won and they were much elated over it.

A dance has been advertised for Wednesday evening in the auditorium. This is the first dance to be held here since September on account of the strict observance of the flu ban.

source: The Idaho Republican. (Blackfoot, Idaho), 18 Feb. 1919. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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The Idaho Republican. February 18, 1919, Page 3

Upper Presto

Church services were held in the Goshen ward Sunday, this was the first meeting held since the outbreak of the influenza.

Bishop Monson and wife are on the sick list with a severe cold.

Will Peterson is helping Bishop Monson with his potatoes.

(ibid, page 3)
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The Idaho Republican. February 18, 1919, Page 4

C. F. Hendrie Still Ill

C. F. Hendrie, who has been suffering with the influenza-pneumonia for several weeks is not improving very rapidly. His good days are intermingled with bad days so that it seems hard for him to regain his strength.
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Brother and Sister Ill

J. I. Watson and been in Pocatello for some time caring for his son and daughter, who are at the Lynn Brothers’ hospital. The son Arthur has been suffering with pneumonia following influenza, but is getting along nicely at this time.

The daughter Fern, was taken to the hospital to undergo an operation for a very severe case of appendicitis. She also is doing nicely.

(ibid, page 4)
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The Idaho Republican. February 18, 1919, Page 5

Local News

Mrs. F. C. Christ and little daughter left Monday morning for Colefax, Wash., where they will visit Mrs. Christ’s mother, who is ill.

A number of high school students of Blackfoot attended the senior ball at Pocatello Friday evening.
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Young Wife Departs

Mrs. Wilford Chapman and little daughter and mother Mrs. W. H. Ludington left for Ogden Friday morning, where Mrs. Chapman will make her home. Her husband who passed away a few weeks ago from influenza is buried there.

Mr. Ludington left Friday afternoon for the same place, after attending to several matters of business for his daughter.

Mrs. Chapman is well known and highly respected in Blackfoot, having lived here for over three years. Before her marriage two years ago, she was employed at the Brown-Hart company.
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Basalt Family Mourn

Lloyd Beam, the eleven-year old son of Mr. and Mrs. M. J. Beam of Basalt, passed away at Riverside, Friday morning, after suffering a hard siege of typhoid fever and other complications. …

(ibid, page 5)
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The Idaho Republican. February 18, 1919, Page 7

Taber

School continues to progress nicely under the able management of Miss Mary King.

The Fred Winkler family has been very ill with influenza.

Fred Serr has been very sick for the past week with the flu. He is on the improve now.

Dr. Patrie was called to the Oberfelt home Monday to attend the flu cases in the family.

Will King, who enlisted in the merchant marines in December, is home on a sick furlough. He was training at Mare’s Island, Cal. when taken ill with influenza. He was given a leave to come home to recuperate. Will has a brother with the A. E. F. in France. Floyd has seen much strenuous fighting in France.
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In The Gem State

A large number of people of Pocatello and many from the county attended the opening of the Pocatello General hospital on February 8, when that institution was formally opened, after undergoing extensive improvement and additions at a cost aggregating $80,000.

An eastern paper tells of the selling of a carload of clothing sent from Idaho for Belgian relief work. The car while being shipped east was damaged in a wreck and part of the clothing being unfit to be sent on was turned over to a salvage shop.

(ibid, page 7)
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The Idaho Republican. February 18, 1919, Page 8

School Notes

No Quarter Day Holidays

In former years it has been customary to award each room with a quarter-day holiday, who had a record of no tardiness during the month. This, however, has been dispensed with for the remainder of the year on account of the time being so manipulated due to the long vacation.
— —

Thomas School Trouble

Last Saturday the principal of the Thomas school was dismissed, and the other teachers then resigned or quit.

Other persons were employed temporarily while permanent engagement are being made, and school is still being conducted.

(ibid, page 8)
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Bonners Ferry Herald. February 18, 1919, Page 1

19190218BFH1

Red Cross Dance Saturday
In Honor of the Returned Soldiers and Sailors of Boundary County

The members of the Red Cross are going to make every effort to give one of the best dances ever held in this city on Saturday night, February 22, in honor of the returned soldier and sailors of Boundary county. All returned soldiers and sailors will be guests of the evening and a special invitation is extended to the soldiers and sailors who reside outside of Bonners Ferry. As announced before the dance will be held at the I. O. O. F. hall.

Civilians will be charged $1.00 admission and 25 cents for extra ladies. …
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Junior Red Cross Benefit Friday

The pupils of the Northside school have arranged to give a program, followed by a basket supper and dancing at the Northside school house on Friday evening for the benefit of the Junior Red Cross. The program will be interesting and a general good time is assured for all and the public is cordially invited to attend. The benefit is being arranged under the supervision of Miss Winship, principal of the Northside schools.
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Five Nights’ Entertainment

… The reason that the local lyceum association was able to secure this series of entertainments at this time at the low price is on account of the fact that in many places where the “Chautauqua Festival” has been contracted it was impossible to keep dates on account of Spanish influenza epidemics. The epidemics made it necessary to change all plans and schedules of the Ellison-White Lyceum course and now the company has a few unfilled dates. It is a case of one town’s loss being another’s gain. …

source: Bonners Ferry Herald. (Bonners Ferry, Idaho), 18 Feb. 1919. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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Bonners Ferry Herald. February 18, 1919, Page 2

Idaho News Paragraphs
Recent Happenings in This State Given in Brief Items for Busy Readers

Influenza is raging on Potlatch ridge, in the southeastern part of Latah county.

The house of representatives gave its approval recently to the Cowles bill providing that in the schools the English language and no other shall be the vehicle of instruction. The vote was unanimous.
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Deaths From Battle Exceed Disease Toll
Excellent Health of Men in the Army Shown in Report by General March.

Washington, D. C. — Battle death rates in the American army during the great war exceeded the death rates from disease, according to statistics prepared by the general staff. In past wars disease killed many more than lost their lives under fire.

The battle death rate for the entire American army in this war was 20 per thousand per year. In the expeditionary forces it was 57 per thousand per year. The disease rate was 17 per thousand per year, in the expeditionary forces, and 16 in the army at home.

The British expeditionary forces is given at 110 per thousand per year.

But for the influenza epidemic among our boys the disease rate would have been cut in half.
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Summary of the World’s Events

Army discharges in demobilization in the United States reached a total Saturday of 1,174,545 men.
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19190218BFH2

(ibid, page 2)
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Bonners Ferry Herald. February 18, 1919, Page 4

Local Pick-ups

Betty, the three months old daughter of Mr. and Mrs. C. W. King, has been seriously ill the past week with pneumonia. She is now improved but not out of danger.

County Treasurer James is on the sick list with a severe cold.

Dr. Stone, who has been here for several months in hopes of benefiting his health, plans to leave soon for Troy, Mont., where he will take up the practice of medicine.

(ibid, page 4)
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Main Street, Blackfoot, Idaho ca. 1909

Blackfoot1909Fritz-a

courtesy: the Mike Fritz Collection, History of Idaho
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February 19

Evening Capital News., February 19, 1919, Page 5

19190219ECN1

Around Boise Valley Loop

Ustick

Mrs. F. A. Swanson is convalescing from influenza.

Mrs. E. M. Dahlberg is convalescing from a severe attack of grip.
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Nampa

Dr. F. H. Hostettler spent yesterday in Boise.
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M’Dermott

The Meridian high school pupils have been out of school this week on account of repair work being done but resumed work today.

Mrs. C. S. Ayers was a visitor at St. Luke’s hospital today.
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Star

Miss Edna Elmore is reported very ill.

F. A. Wardel and family are confined to their home with the flu.

source: Evening Capital News. (Boise, Idaho), 19 Feb. 1919. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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Evening Capital News., February 19, 1919, Page 7

Deaths – Funerals

Cushman – Mrs. Edit O. Cushman died this morning at a Boise hospital, cause of death resulting from a complication of diseases following influenza. She was 44 years old and had been a resident of Boise for the past year. She is survived by her husband, one son and four daughters. The funeral will be held Thursday at 3 p.m. at the fry & Summers chapel, Rev. Wilsie Martin will officiate. Burial will be in Morris Hill cemetery. The funeral will be by automobile.

(ibid, page 7)
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The Challis Messenger., February 19, 1919, Page 3

19190219CM1

[Excerpted from an advertisement for Vick’s Vaporub]

Spanish Influenza

Spanish Influenza, which appeared in Spain in May, has all the appearances of grip or la grippe, which has swept over the world in numerous epidemics as far back as history runs. Hippocrates refers to an epidemic in 412 B. C. which is regarded by many to have been influenza. Every century has had its attacks. Beginning with 1831, this country has had five epidemics, the last in 1889-1890.

The Symptoms

Grippe, or influenza, as it is now called, usually begins with a chill, followed by aching, feverishness and sometimes nausea and dizziness, and a general feeling of weakness and depression. The temperature is from 100 to 104, and the fever usually lasts from three to five days. The germs attack the mucous membrane, or lining of the air passages – noise, throat and bronchial tubes; there is usually a hard cough, especially bad at night, and frequently all the appearances of a severe head cold.

Go to bed at the first symptoms, not only for your own sake, but to avoid spreading the disease to others … But there is no cure or specific for influenza – the disease much run its course. … The chief danger lies in the complications which may arise. Influenza so weakens the bodily resistance that there is danger of pneumonia or bronchitis developing and sometimes inflammation of the middle ear, or heart affections. For these reasons, it is very important that the patient remain in bed until his strength returns – stay in bed at least two days or more after the fever has left you, or if you are over 50 or not strong, stay in bed four days or more according to the severity of the attack. …

How to Avoid the Disease

Evidence seems to prove that this is a germ disease, spread principally by human contact, chiefly through coughing, sneezing or spitting. So avoid persons having colds – which means avoiding crowds – common drinking cups, roller towels, etc. Keep up your bodily strength by plenty of exercise in the open air and good food. …

source: The Challis Messenger. (Challis, Idaho), 19 Feb. 1919. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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The Challis Messenger., February 19, 1919, Page 5

Items About People You Know

A Big Success — The children’s masquerade at the Dodge Hall, last Friday night, drew out one of the largest crowds ever assembled in Challis for recreation purposes. Buddie Vogler carried off first prize for best character, representing Rip Van Winkle; Marion Keyser, as Charlie Chapman, took the prize for best boy costume and Beulah Boyd, as Red Riding Hood’s Grandmother took the prize for best girl costume. The grownups enjoyed a good time at the dance which followed the masquerade.

Wilsons Pass Through — Mrs. I. R. Wilson and family passed through town the latter part of last week on their way to their home in Pahsamaroi from Salt Lake. Several members of the family contracted the flu during their stay in Salt Lake.

Income Tax — Don’t forget your income tax statement which must be filed by March 1st to avoid a penalty.
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Purely Personal

Mrs. F. A. Reed has been on the sick list the past week.

Mrs. Thos. Jose, Sr., is able to be about the house again after quite a severe illness.

Jim Kerr was on the sick list the latter part of last week but is now able to be out and around again.

Another snowfall visited this section the fore part of the week.

(ibid, page 5)
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1918Atlantic28-a

Soldiers gargle with salt water to prevent influenza on September 24, 1918, at Camp Dix, New Jersey. Everett Historical / Shutterstock

source: Alan Taylor April 10, 2018 “30 Photos of the 1918 Flu Pandemic” The Atlantic
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February 20

Evening Capital News., February 20, 1919, Page 1

19190220ECN1

19190220ECN2
Pershing cites Data on Brest Conditions
Figures Show Sick Rate at U. S. Camps Lower Than A. E. F. Average; Yankee Generals Deny Ill-Health Reports.

Washington, Feb. 20. — The hospital admission rate at Brest for November, December and January ran lower than the sick rate for the whole A. E. F. according to reports from General Pershing today. Total deaths were 1311 between Nov. 12, 1917, and Feb. 7, 1919, among the transient and permanent garrisons at Brest. This is General Pershing’s answer to charges of bad conditions there.

The hospital admission rate per 1000 for Brest and vicinity ran:

November, 2.11; December, 1.2; January, 1.63, and February to date, 1.45.

In The A. E. F.

In the A. E. F., exclusive of men wounded in action, the sick rate was: November, 2.2; December, 2.14, and January, 2.04, while the average daily death rate per 100,000 in Brest and vicinity ran, November, 5.15; December, 2.08; January, 3.15; December, 2.08; January, 3.15; February to date, 3.63.

“More than 985,000 men entered France via Brest and 165,000 left Brest,” Pershing cabled.

“Total deaths among all these transients and among the permanent garrisons from Nov. 12, 1917, to Feb. 7, 1919, were 1311. Deaths on incoming boats or by the time the patients reach hospitals at Brest, 2191; of these, 1817 burials occurred. In September, October and November, 1918, influenza and pneumonia cases were arriving on transports from the United States and were in no way due to any health conditions existing at Brest.

“Health Conditions at Brest and general conditions of camp and method of handling troops through there have received high praise from all who have inspected since the first formative day.

“General Pershing, General Harbord, the chief surgeon and the inspector general have all personally inspected this place during the past month.”
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Says Brest Camp Far From Worst; Mud Hardest Foe
U. P. Investigator Finds Reports of Unsanitation and Many Deaths Overdrawn, Not so Bad, Men Declare.

By Lowell Mellett. (Copyright 1919: By United Press.)

Brest, Feb. 20. — Brest may not be the best military base in the world, but is far from the worst, in the opinion of officers and men permanently stationed here.

An investigation, conducted under such circumstances as the situation will permit, failed to substantiate the charges that Brest is a “pest hole” or that the men are victims of mismanagement. It is true that, in common with much of western France, there is a super-abundance of mud, but this is due to climatic and geological conditions. This could not be avoided, as Brest was selected as a base because of strategic and geographical reasons. Reports of shocking food and sanitary conditions are unfounded, according to the inhabitants of the camp themselves.

1211 Deaths All Told.

Rumors are understood to have been circulated in the United States that 3000 American soldiers died in Brest during September and October of the last year. The facts are, according to figures given the correspondent, that from November, 1917, when Camp Pontanezzen — where soldiers are congregated to await transportation home — was established, up to the first of the present month there were 1211 deaths from all causes. This includes the victims of the pneumonia and influenza epidemic during October and September, most of whom are said to have become infected either enroute here or before they left the United States. It also includes 510 who died aboard ship while coming over. These figures were authorized by General Eli Helmick, the commander; General Smedley Butler, commandant at Camp Pontanezzen, and Colonel Guy Edie, base surgeon. These officers claim that the sick and death rate in Brest, which handles more American troops than any other port, is the lowest of any camp in France.

Best Camp in France.

A private from California admitted that Camp Pontanezzen is less attractive than Camp Lewis, that it probably is less comfortable and that certainly the streets are infinitely muddier, but declared that it is the “best camp in France.”

He was asked why.

“Because,” he replied, “they feed you right here.”

“What do you mean by ‘right’?”

“Well, there’s lots of it, it’s good and you don’t have to wait for it. Why, they had hot chocolate and things for us when we got off the train and a hot dinner ready when we got to camp, although it was in the middle of the night. Don’t let ’em kid you. This is a white man’s camp.”

Afterwards, the correspondent talked with many other men in the ranks and

(Continued on Page Two)

Says Brest

(Continued from Page One.)

the opinion of the Californian regarding the camp, received unanimous endorsement. Personal investigation showed that the food was better than served in many American, British and French caps, which the correspondent had visited.

When Brest was first taken over as an American base there was a terrific struggle under frightful difficulties to get a million men through this ancient, unmodernized port at a time when the only thing intolerable was delay. The problem now is that of getting even a greater number of men home again – with spirits intact, while tolerance for delay is not much greater than it was before.

This is being accomplished despite hopelessly inadequate facilities – unless the figures given above are disputed.

source: Evening Capital News. (Boise, Idaho), 20 Feb. 1919. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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U.S. Navy Base Hospital Cemetery, Brest, France, circa WWI

CemeteryBrest-a

80-HAG-5Q-14: U.S. Navy Base Hospital, No. 5, Cemetery, Brest, France, circa WWI. U.S. Navy photograph, now in the collections of the National Archives. (2014/8/13).

source: Naval History and Heritage Command
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Evening Capital News., February 20, 1919, Page 5

Greenleaf

Mrs. Charles Law is quite sick in influenza.

Wendall Mills, who has been quite sick, is reported better.

Miss Myrtle Mills, who is teaching at Fargo, spent the week-end at her home in Greenleaf.
— —

Kuna

The four-year-old daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Allen is very ill.

Blanche Whitaker is on the sick list.

Miss Hattie Burnett is ill with mumps.

The funeral of K. A. Cleaves was held Saturday afternoon at the Baptist church. Rev. J. H. Ross conducted the services.

source: Evening Capital News. (Boise, Idaho), 20 Feb. 1919. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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Evening Capital News., February 20, 1919, Page 7

Bills Passed.

The following bills were passed without debate:

House bill No. 83 by Gough — Authorizing quarantine for Spanish influenza.

House concurrent resolution No. 5 — Memorializing Idaho’s congressional delegation to secure cannon captured from Germans in battles in which Idaho troops took part to be used for casting honor medals for honorably discharged Idaho soldiers.
— —

To Celebrate Birthday

Washington’s birthday, Feb. 22, will be appropriately celebrated by the members of the Grand Army of the Republic and Women’s Relief Corps at the G. A. R. hall at 7:30 p.m. A splendid program will be rendered, after which refreshments will be served. All are invited.

(ibid, page 7)
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Payette Enterprise., February 20, 1919, Page 1

19190220PE1

Personal and Local Mention

The friends of Mrs. J. E. Turner will be pleased to learn that she is now improving after a long siege of illness. She has a trained nurse with her and while she still is confined to her bed, it is hoped she will soon be restored to normal health.

Mrs. Opal Nichols, who for the last three weeks has had charge of Mrs. A. Wells during her illness, spent Sunday with her parents near Crystal station.

Mrs. J. F. Whalen is now recovering nicely after quite a siege of lagrippe.

Mrs. A. Wells is improving nicely from the effects of erysipelas and neuralgia from which she has been suffering with for the last two months.

Mr. Dave Ham has been bedfast with lumbago this week.

Miss Vivian Schutt expects to leave for Boise the latter of this week where she will enter St. Lukes Hospital for special training for nurse. We believe Miss Schutt is well adapted for that kind of work and predict she will make good.

Bruce Shafer who has been in four different training camps since leaving Payette, arrived home Tuesday morning. He is home this time to stay and will take up the work of his profession, that of a Pharmaceutist [sic].

The county jail is rather a quiet place these days, the only occupant for some time was a young man who was sick and without means asked lodging until he was able to get work and he is now gone. We guess the crooks don’t like the looks of Sheriff Jefferies and are giving him a wide birth [sic].

source: Payette Enterprise. (Payette, Canyon Co., Idaho), 20 Feb. 1919. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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Payette Enterprise., February 20, 1919, Page 5

Fruitland Department
Mrs. R. G. Wilson

Mrs. F. Northrup is teaching the seventh grade while the regular teacher, Mr. Bollinger is quarantined with the smallpox.

Last Wednesday Dr. Avey came out from Payette and vaccinated a hundred students with small pox vaccine. This week Dr. Drusdale was [here] and vaccinated a large number of other boys and girls who where not in it last week.

(ibid, page 5)
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The Emmett Index. February 20, 1919, Page 5

19190220EI1

Society, Church and Lodge Notes

With health conditions assuming a more natural aspect, Emmett Social life is undergoing an awakening from its long period of hibernation. Churches and lodges are resuming their various activities with accelerated vigor, and social gatherings take on a new attraction. A busy week is new in progress, with promise of many function for the next week.

The freshman class of the High school enjoyed its first party of the year last Friday evening, when about 35 young people gathered at Rebekah hall for an evening of fun and frolic. The hall was decorated in colors and symbols suitable to a valentine party, hearts and arrows of red and ropes of red crepe paper carrying out the scheme. The youngsters spend a jolly evening with music and games, and not the least of the pleasure was a delightful lunch which followed. Miss Stovel and Mr. Wise chaperoned the party.
— —

Emmett News

There were 800,000 deaths from influenza-pneumonia in the United States during the year 1918. The world figures for the disease was six million.

Harry Carmichael, who was absent from his desk at the court house several days with a slight relapse from flu, is again at his duties.

B. C. Davidson, who has been very ill with influenza in Seattle for a month past, arrived home Friday. He is still quite weak and will be confined to his home for several weeks. He lost 25 pounds during his illness.

S. J. Rees was called to Ontario this week by the serious illness of his mother.

Lactic acid found in pure Buttermilk is known as a destroyer of disease germs. Many convalescents practically live on Buttermilk. Received daily for sale by Mutual Creamery Co., Belle Boren, Agent.

Nearly one-half of the young men of military age, men in the very prime of life, proved physically unfit to serve in the army, the provost marshal general reports. The bulk of those unfit for army service must be under a handicap in the Nation’s industrial life. A baseball club with three men of the nine physically unfit to play the game wouldn’t get very far. A nation cannot afford to cut down its productive capacity by permitting its men to be only 70 per cent efficient. A very large proportion of the physical defects could be got rid of it they should be taken in hand early in life. Tuberculosis was one of the chief sources of physical unfitness in the sources of physical unfitness in the army, and tuberculosis is a preventable disease. Bad teeth, bad eyes, and other defects could be corrected if taken in time.

source: The Emmett Index. (Emmett, Idaho), 20 Feb. 1919. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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The Emmett Index. February 20, 1919, Page 8

News of Gem County
By The Index’s Correspondents

South Slope
By Mrs. C. W. Cook

J. L. Jensen is just getting over a very bad case of the flu.

Mrs. Hartley’s driving horse is under the care of Dr. Prestel in Emmett, suffering from some infection of the knee.
— —

Haw Creek
By Mrs. E. Tennyson.

Mrs. S. T. Johnson is quite ill with the spotted fever, but is getting along nicely.
— —

Ola

Miss Helen Smith, the teacher from Timber Flat, was in Ola Saturday.
— —

Bramwell
By E. F. Wells

Most of the friends and neighbors of Dave Tappan attended the funeral in Emmett Tuesday.
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Central Mesa
Regina Conrad

The members of the P. T. A. decided that all the men of the district should meet at the schoolhouse Saturday morning with wagons and shovels to haul sand for the school ground and the women are to bring the dinner. A short program will be given in the afternoon.
— —

Letha

Mrs. Al Wilson has been quite a sufferer with pains in her ears, an after-effect of the flu. She is some better at this writing, but is annoyed by intense itching of the affected members.

Word came to Earl Kiser Sunday of the serious illness of his wife at the home of her uncle, D. Duree, at Council, where she was visiting. He left immediately for her bedside. Later, the news was received that she had passed away Monday night. The home folks did not go up as it was understood that the flu, or a relapse from it, caused her demise. She came to Letha about a year ago as a bride and had endeared herself to many by her pleasant disposition and fine character. The sympathy of the community goes out to her husband and relatives.

Roy Fishback had an attack of heart trouble last Tuesday. A physician was called and treated him, but told him to be careful and not exert himself much for a time.
— —

Montour
By Mrs. R. E. Noland

Mrs. Vaughn, whose father was very ill at Minidoka, received word recently that he was much improved.

Walter Volkmer and Howard Jones have been the sick ones this week. Lloyd Cox is well and busy again.

February 28 will be observed as Community Day by the people of Montour and surrounding country. The idea is to have as many present with teams and wagons as can come to haul sand and gravel to fill and build walks for the school yards, plow and level and sow grass seed, fix the grounds nicely and tint the inner walls of the building. The ladies will serve a good substantial dinner.

(ibid, page 8)
— — — — — — — — — —

The Daily Star-Mirror., February 20, 1919, Page 1

19190220DSM1

Joseph F. Davidson Died in Seattle Friday

Word has been received that Joseph F. Davidson traveling freight and passenger agent of the Alaska Steamship company, died last Friday in Seattle of influenza. Mr. Davidson was a former agent of the O. W. R. & N. in Moscow.

Mrs. Davidson was formerly Miss Myra Cummings, who was a pioneer resident of Moscow. He leaves besides his wife, four children, the oldest being 14 years of age.

source: The Daily Star-Mirror. (Moscow, Idaho), 20 Feb. 1919. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
— — — —

The Daily Star-Mirror., February 20, 1919, Page 2

[Editorial]

The warning sounded by Dr. Adair to the people of Moscow against taking any chances of spreading influenza should be heeded. This town has won an enviable record in the handling of influenza cases and has escaped with fewer fatalities and less inconvenience than any town its size in the Inland Empire. We cannot be too careful now. The danger is not over by any means. A number of southern states report a marked increase in influenza cases during the past few weeks. The experience of Leland, in this county, shows that there is still much danger.

(ibid, page 2)
— — — —

The Daily Star-Mirror., February 20, 1919, Page 3

City News

Mrs. O. W. Beardsley received word that Mrs. Pear Brannon died last night in Spokane of pneumonia following influenza. Mrs. Brannon had lived some time in Moscow, leaving here January 12, and a number of years in Colfax, where her father resides.

Miss Margaret Yangall is ill in Spokane with a mild attack of influenza.

(ibid, page 3)
— — — —

The Daily Star-Mirror., February 20, 1919, Page 4

Influenza Closes Juliaetta Schools

Juliaetta. — There are a number of mild cases of flu in Juliaetta. One high school pupil went home sick with it last Monday and as a result the school has been closed for the remainder of this week.

Mrs. Percy Mitchel of Nez Perce, who has just returned from Hot Lake sanitarium, where she went about four weeks ago for medical treatment, is visiting her mother this week.

(ibid, page 4)
— — — — — — — — — —

The Nezperce Herald., February 20, 1919, Page 1

19190220NH1

Six Counties To Join In Institute.

County Superintendent of Schools Miss Norma Wilson went to Lewiston Tuesday to be present at a conference of county superintendents which convened to consider arrangements for a joint teachers’ institute.

As a result of the conference which was also attended by the school superintendents of Nez Perce, Idaho, Latah and Clearwater counties, a joint institute will be held in Lewiston next fall with a program measuring up to, if not surpassing, the institute planned for last fall, but which was postponed on account of the influenza epidemic, said the Tribune. Asotin county will be the sixth to participate in the big educational event.

Tuesday’s conference was held upon invitation issued by Mrs., Minnie Faust, superintendent of Nez Perce county. This conference showed a most enthusiastic interest in the plan adopted and decision was unanimous that the institute should be held the first week in October, while a third conclusion reached was to invite F. W. Simmonds, superintendent of the Lewiston public schools, to assume the responsibility of director.

With the decision reached this early to arrange the institute it will be possible to immediately take up the matter of securing for the program, leading educators of the country, before their plans have been made, and it is felt that through this fact the presence here of an exceptionally strong list of speakers and lecturers can be secured.

The superintendents also took up consideration of the matter of the annual inter-county spelling match and decided to waive the match this year, due to conditions arising from the influenza epidemic which closed for long periods many of the schools and thus making it impossible for a number of such schools to participate.

At the conclusion of the conference, Miss Sweet and Miss Wilson were guests of Mrs. Faust on a visit to Miss McDonald at the training school east of Lewiston.

source: The Nezperce Herald. (Nezperce, Idaho), 20 Feb. 1919. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
— — — —

The Nezperce Herald., February 20, 1919, Page 7

Local and Personal News Notes

Mrs. P. C. Jensen, who was nursing in the family of Jacob Boyer, in the Mohler section, during their siege of influenza, left Monday for her home at Ilo, and reports the young son; whose condition was desperate, as being well on the way to recovery.

Jacob Becker has leased his ranch in the Russell section and is preparing to have a big auction sale of his farming equipment on Feb. 27 – the sale he intended to have last fall, but the flu epidemic prevented. He plans to go to Wyoming to join the colony from this county in and around Savageton, Wyo.

Lieutenant Chas. May Anderson, son of Col. and Mrs. J. W. Anderson of this city, recently received his discharge as a surgeon in the army, with special commendation from the Surgeon General for the services he had rendered while in the service. Lieutenant Anderson was some time ago tendered the position of second assistant surgeon in the Long Island Hospital at Brooklyn, N. Y., and this he accepted on leaving the army.

(ibid, page 7)
— — — — — — — — — —

Blaine, Idaho

BlaineFritz-a

courtesy: the Mike Fritz Collection, History of Idaho
— — — — — — — — — —

February 21

The Rathdrum Tribune., February 21, 1919, Page 1

19190221RT1

From Over the County

Spirit Lake

The ban on dances has been lifted.
— —

Idaho State News Items

The war department has complied figures showing that Idaho sent 19,016 men into the army and naval service during the war.

The Sandpoint school district has an outstanding warrant indebtedness of $30,000 costing 7 per cent interest. It is proposed to vote a refunding bond issue bearing 5 percent, thus saving the district $600 a year in interest.

source: The Rathdrum Tribune. (Rathdrum, Idaho), 21 Feb. 1919. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
— — — —

The Rathdrum Tribune., February 21, 1919, Page 2

Edward Nunnally Dead

Edward Nunnally of Coorbin Ct. died of pneumonia at his home there Wednesday, age 18 years, 8 months, 6 days. The body was brought to Rathdrum and the funeral is to be held today from O. W. Stone’s chapel. He was the son of William Nunnally, who is a pioneer rancher of the Corbin section.

(ibid, page 2)
— — — —

The Rathdrum Tribune., February 21, 1919, Page 3

Local Paragraphs

Two cases of influenza were officially reported Monday morning, Mrs. L. A. Larsen and sister, Miss Clara Tautenhahn. The home is quarantined.

Some Rathdrum citizens, who were at the N. P. depot last Saturday evening, got a glimpse of Ex-president Taft as he passed through on No. 3, enroute to Spokane and coast cities.

(ibid, page 3)
— — — —

The Rathdrum Tribune., February 21, 1919, Page 4

Idaho State News Items

(Continued from Page One)

Influenza is raging on Potlatch ridge, in the southeastern part of Latah county, having broken out recently and spread to the entire region. It was reported that there were 40 cases Feb. 15 but none serious. The neighborhood had been almost entirely free from it when other neighborhoods were suffering, but now it is more general there than it has been in any other part of the county.
— —

World News In Brief

Up to Feb. 14, the United States had demobilized 1,174,545 soldiers, 300,000 of whom were returned from overseas.

Former President W. H. Taft, head of the league to Enforce Peace organized in 1915, is touring the country with other speakers, advocating for the movement to form a league of nations in the interest of world peace. They urge the people to demand that the U. S. senate ratify the plan adopted at Versailles.

The Victory Loan coming in April is the last Liberty Loan. Then the war is over for you. It will be still going on for 1,000,000 Americans in France.

(ibid, page 4)
— — — — — — — — — —

The Oakley Herald. February 21, 1919, Page 1

19190221OH1

19190221OH2
Academy Not to Open This Season

The Cassia Academy which has been closed for two months on account of influenza, will not re-open again this season. The C. A. Board of Education met last Thursday evening and decided that on account of it being so near spring and so many of the students needed on the farm it would be advisable to remain closed until next fall. Entrance Fees paid this year may apply on the Fees next year.
— —

Basin News

Neil L. Sagers is slowly recovering from his illness.

Mrs. Polly Bedke has been quite ill, but is able to sit up today.

Mrs. John H. Fairchild is able to be around the community now. She and Mr. Fairchild were guests of Mrs. Rome Thomas Wednesday night.

source: The Oakley Herald. (Oakley, Idaho), 21 Feb. 1919. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
— — — —

The Oakley Herald. February 21, 1919, Page 3

Locals and Personals

Miss Ella Jack has recovered from influenza and is back at work in the post office.

Charles L. Haight is back in the Co-op store after a siege of influenza.

Miss Clora Mills returned to Malta Monday to resume her duties as teacher in the public school at that place.

(ibid, page 3)
— — — — — — — — — —

American Falls Press. February 21, 1919, Page 4

19190221AFP1

19190221AFP2
About Our Veils
Face Covering Abandoned by the Women of Paris.
Curious Arrangement, Imitation of the “Flu” Mask, is Being Worn by American Women.

The story comes from Paris that women have abandoned the veil. They are tired of it. They have taken to cartwheel hats and do not wish to destroy the outline of the brim by the folds of a face covering.

There are women over here, however, writes a fashion correspondent, recently returned from Paris, who are wearing the most curious veil America has seen. It is attached to a turban; it is as thick as the heaviest coarse net can be woven, and it is drawn tight around the eyes and the top of the nose, leaving the neck and lower part of the face bare. It is the best imitation of a masque that we have had so far, and it is intimated that it was taken from the influenza mask which was worn over the lower part of the face. One of our own designers of eccentricities has produced a genuine influenza mask of dyed lace which is drawn upwards over the chin and nose to the back of the head. The French one is more seductive and coquettish.

In America we are addicted to veils. We wear them at all seasons, whether or not we know how to adjust them. The reason for their diminished fashion during the last year is due to the war activities of the great mass of women. First, a veil takes a long time to adjust; it should be done well, or not at all; and, secondly, it is not a good addition to uniform caps. So the veil dropped out, except among a certain segment of fashionables who would feel ashamed of their nakedness, as they say, if they went without it. The hurry and flurry of life has not allowed much time for leisurely dressing and although the veil was insisted upon by the shops during the influenza epidemic, the doctors thought it was extremely harmful and injurious. They know what the shops evidently did not know, that an influenza mask must be washed every three hours in a disinfectant. The extreme danger in the veil rested in the fact that it was not washed for days at a time, if ever.

For those who wear the veil, the milliners and jewelers have united in introducing a trifle which has gained much prestige. It is an arrow, and aviator’s wings, a dagger or the fleur-de-lis done in jewels. This catches the veil at the extreme upper tilt of the hat in front.

It has been the jewel of the war. Women have turned their brooches into these veil pins; they have had other jewelry reset to possess the luxury of the moment, and they have bought them in real or imitation stones, in order to be in the procession of fashionables.

source: American Falls Press. (American Falls, Idaho), 21 Feb. 1919. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
— — — —

American Falls Press. February 21, 1919, Page 7

People and Events

Mr. Crawford, an employee of the Falls Pharmacy, is confined to his home with a probable case of the flu.

Mrs. Herman Noth is quite seriously ill at the home of her brother-in-law, Dr. R. H. Noth, and there is thought to be very little chance for her recovery.

O. H. Barber put in a rather serious time last night, his fever remaining at a high temperature most of the night, and Dr. Noth now names his ailment as a genuine case of flu. Mr. Barber was able to enjoy a hearty meal this morning and indications point to his early recovery.

Joe H. DeWitt, of the Press, returned Saturday evening from a visit with his children at Rupert. He reports everything running wide there again, the flu having subsided. He also reports that the Rupert High school received a big surprise when they succeeded in putting it over on the American Fall High in their basketball game last Saturday.

Judge Oliver is laid up this week as the result of a fall on a slippery sidewalk. At last reports the sidewalk had not been damaged to any great extent and there was some chance for the Judge’s recovery.

(ibid, page 7)
— — — — — — — — — —

Clearwater Republican. February 21, 1919, Page 2

19190221CR1

More Ships to Bring Boys

Twenty-five vessels are being fitted out at New York to join the American cruiser and transport force engaged in bringing troops back home.

source: Clearwater Republican. (Orofino, Idaho), 21 Feb. 1919. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
— — — —

Clearwater Republican. February 21, 1919, Page 3

19190221CR2

(ibid, page 3)
— — — — — — — — — —

The Kendrick Gazette. February 21, 1919, Page 1

19190221KG1

School Notes

Clifford Emmel is back in school this week. He has just recovered from an attack of influenza.

Friday afternoon in the assembly room of the high school the contents of a Valentine box were distributed to joyous receivers. Delicious heart shaped candy was made by the teachers and passed to each student of the high school. Two teachers made characteristic illustrated valentines with appropriate verses for the individuals of the senior division.

The girls of the second year cooking class made bread Wednesday, and the boys of the manual training class sampled the product.

source: The Kendrick Gazette. (Kendrick, Idaho), 21 Feb. 1919. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
— — — —

The Kendrick Gazette. February 21, 1919, Page 8

Gleanings

There is only one case of flu in Kendrick at present. Those who had it have recovered except Mrs. G. M. Lewis who was the last one to become ill.

Both churches will be opened and services conducted Sunday if the flu conditions continue favorable.

Loyd Stanton returned from Honolulu Wednesday. He has been stationed there ever since he entered the service. He is home to stay, having received his honorable discharge. While the civilians in Honolulu suffered from the flu epidemic, his company escaped without any of the boys contracting the disease. Loyd lost twelve pounds while in the service but he is tanned from living in the tropical climate of Honolulu and looks well.
— —

Big Bear Ridge

Mrs. Leon Ingle left for Spokane last week, to be under the doctor’s care for some time. Mrs. Ida Comstock is caring for her children.

The first social event of the season occurred Friday evening, when Miss Mayme Slind entertained about thirty at a St. Valentine’s party.
— —

Fairview Notes

Mr. and Mrs. Roy Morgan are recovering from the flu.

Charlie Walker is on the sick list.

The . L. Glenn and Walker Helton families are out again after an attack of the flu.

(ibid, page 8)
— — — — — — — — — —

Montpelier Examiner. February 21, 1919, Page 1

19190221ME1

High School Notes

(By Georgia Crouch)

High school is running with its usual heavy enrollment of very nearly one hundred students. The ninth and tenth grade English classes are at present finishing some classic work – the last three months will in all probability be given over to the writing of themes. The senior commercial English class is trying to overcome “the glaring faults of the average high school graduate.” In this class two business letters are written every day, and perfect copies are demanded. They are making a review of grammar and will later make a review of the main principles on composition, punctuation and spelling.

English, as termed by some of our modern dietists, is the “staff of life.” Without an efficient knowledge of the English language the student is seriously handicapped in his perusal of other subjects. Important as this is to the student now, it is still more so in later life when he comes to make his way in the world. Not to be able to speak and write forcibly and correctly puts one at a disadvantage without any good excuse on his part. The ability to speak and write is not so much a gift as it is the result of intelligent and painstaking practice, rightly directed. One who expects to rise at all above his fellow must know how to talk, speak and write acceptably.

(By Jean Groo.)

An effort is being made to take up the various activities, some of these being debating, music and dramatic. Each department is under the supervision of a member of the faculty, and each teacher is doing his or her best to encourage and promote these activities among the students.

The general health of the students is splendid. There have been no cases of flu in the school, and as far as we know, no case can be traced back to the schools.

The initiation party was held last Friday evening, and the Freshmen are now full fledged members of the Montpelier High School. The initiation was, as usual, mostly camouflage, but we succeeded in frightening some of the students a great deal. All of them carried home an odor that would not “come out in the wash.”

source: Montpelier Examiner. (Montpelier, Idaho), 21 Feb. 1919. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
— — — —

Montpelier Examiner. February 21, 1919, Page 4

Ovid News Notes

The Ovid schools have continued for two weeks with the attendance exceptionally good, considering the recent epidemic. The near-by schools have also begun work. The Bern school opened Feb. 10; Liberty and Lanark Feb. 17. If precaution is used they will no doubt be able to continue to the close of the school year.

The home of Mrs. Ellen Peterson is quarantined on account of the flu. Her two sons and a daughter are afflicted, but in a mild form, and are doing nicely.

(ibid, page 4)
— — — — — — — — — —

The Caldwell Tribune. February 21, 1919, Page 3

19190221CT1

Items of Interest From Surrounding Territory

Middleton

The Parent-Teachers association will hold a meeting at the school house Friday, February 21st, at 2 p.m.

Mrs. F. H. Lenaghen is confined to her home because of illness.

Miss Nellie Myers is clerking at Haines’ grocery store during the absence of Mrs. S. P. Baker.

Otis Kurtz has returned from Colorado, where he went to visit his brother, who is ill.
— —

Arena Valley Items

The smallpox seems to be about over. The Moore and McConnel children are again in school.
— —

Wilder

J. W. Moore is suffering from an attack of influenza, the only case to be reported for some time.
— —

Pleasant Ridge

Mrs. J. T. McLain is on the sick list.

Ira Tish does not improve in health as fast as his friends would wish.

Mr. Humphrey, who has been quite sick, is able to be around again.
— —

Lake Lowell

Mrs. G. L. Coon has gone to her son’s Frank, south of Caldwell to keep care for the daughter and babe who have the flu.
— —

Roswell

Mr. Ferrill in east Roswell was ill last week with influenza.

Miss Lettie Weymouth is ill at the home of Mrs. Edna Stark. Miss Mable Robins is teaching in her place in the primary grades.

Paul Rice was out of school last week because of illness.

Mrs. Reavis was ill Friday and unable to attend school.

An extra month of school has been decided upon by the school board and teachers in order that the pupils may more nearly complete the year’s work.

The social at Lake Lowell school house planned for the 21st has been postponed.

Many Roswell people and some in nearby communities were ill Thursday with ptomaine poisoning caused from some article of food served Wednesday evening at a dance supper given by the Yoemen. Fortunately all recovered.
— —

Ten Davis News

Dorotha Gahley has been ill with a slight attack of appendicitis the past week.
— —

Franklin News

Mrs. Dr. Payne, who has been having a siege of the influenza for several weeks, is able to be up and about the house.

Mr. and Mrs. Orville Miller are both sick with the flu.

Mrs. E. S. Chaffee left for Mitchel, South Dakota, Monday morning, called there by a telegram stating the death of her father. Mr. Lyman died of bronchial pneumonia.

F. E. Parke was on the sick list last week.

source: The Caldwell Tribune. (Caldwell, Idaho), 21 Feb. 1919. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
— — — —

The Caldwell Tribune. February 21, 1919, Page 5

Items of Interest From Surrounding Territory

Midway News

H. O. Smith returned from Parma Saturday, where he had been several days taking care of sick relatives.

Miss Shirley Jewett of Cabool, Mo., who stopped off here for a few days visit with her aunt, Mrs. Sutton, and was sick with scarlet fever for several days, has fully recovered and on Friday she, with her aunt, Mrs. O. G. Bissinger, resumed their journey to the latter’s home at Pendleton, Ore.
— —

Canyon Hill

A. D. Roberton was confined to his bed last week but at this writing is up and around.

(ibid, page 5)
— — — —

The Caldwell Tribune. February 21, 1919, Page 7

Marble Front

The infant son of Mr. and Mrs. Monroe Dille is just recovering from an attack of measles.

(ibid, page 7)
— — — — — — — — — —

The Idaho Republican. February 21, 1919, Page 6

19190221TIR1

Goshen

Schools opened here February 10, after being closed since October.

Churches opened February 9, after having been closed since October.

Lovina Monson spent a few days last week at the Wren home, as Mrs. Wren was on the sick list.
— —

Upper Presto

Mr. and Mrs. R. P. Hansen, Orson Landon and wife and George Hansen spent Wednesday in Blackfoot visiting J. M. Lee who is ill with the influenza.

Mrs. Bishop Monson is still confined to the house with a severe cold.

Tressie Sibbett is ill at the home of her sister Mrs. Dave Landon. It is feared she has pneumonia.
— —

Centerville

George Kirk, who has been ill, was a Blackfoot visitor Saturday.

Mrs. Henry Farnsworth, who has been ill, is improving and able to be up and around again.

Howard Bishop is reported very ill with influenza, his wife who is ill with the same disease is reported improving.

Earl and Homer Ferrel and Mrs. Cecil Ferrel are all ill with the flu.

Mrs. Mary Askey is home again, after several months nursing flu patients.
— —

Sterling

Park Nelson is able to be out again after a long and serious illness of influenza-pneumonia and its complications.

A dance was given in the auditorium Wednesday evening. This is the first social affair given for months on account of the influenza quarantine. A large crowd was present. Local talents furnished the music.

source: The Idaho Republican. (Blackfoot, Idaho), 21 Feb. 1919. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
— — — — — — — — — —

The Meridian Times., February 21, 1919, Page 8

19190221MT1

Meridian Local News

Carl Gish, residing 2 1/2 miles north of Meridian, is ill with influenza.

Joe Marcum residing north of Meridian, is seriously ill with influenza.

J. M. Anderson is gradually recovering his health after a severe sick spell.

Mrs. M. T. List, wife of the proprietor of the Meridian meat market, is seriously ill at her home with pneumonia.

Revival meetings are being held this week at the Nazarene church in Meridian. On account of illness in the family, Mrs. Wines, the evangelist, has remained with her daughter in Nampa, but is expected here Sunday.

source: The Meridian Times. (Meridian, Idaho), 21 Feb. 1919. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
— — — — — — — — — —

Shoshone Journal. February 21, 1919, Page 5

19190221SJ1

Local and Personal News

Theo. Baldwin the well known mine and mineral expert is slowly recovering from the third case of the flu bugs.

Hall Horne is about his business again looking rather the worse for the spell of flu which had him in bed for a couple of weeks.

Mrs. Jones, mother of Miss Jones, teacher in the North Side school returned to her home at Boulder Colorado Monday. Mrs. Jones came to Shoshone a week or two ago on account of the serious illness of her daughter with the flu. Miss Jones is now fully recovered her health and is rapidly regaining her former strength.

source: Shoshone Journal. (Shoshone, Idaho), 21 Feb. 1919. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
— — — — — — — — — —

The Daily Star-Mirror., February 21, 1919, Page 1

19190221DSM1

Measures Passed By Senate

The following measures were passed by the senate:

H. B. 93, by Gough — Authorizing quarantine for Spanish influenza.
— —

Banks Close Saturday

Next Saturday, Feb. 22, Washington’s birthday, being a legal holiday the banks of Moscow will be closed all day. The county offices will also be closed as will the post office. This is a legal holiday in Idaho and in most of the states of the Union.

source: The Daily Star-Mirror. (Moscow, Idaho), 21 Feb. 1919. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
— — — —

The Daily Star-Mirror., February 21, 1919, Page 2

Will Hold a Joint Teachers’ Institute

County Superintendent of Schools Lillian Skattaboe announces that the counties of Latah, Nez Perce, Clearwater, Lewis and Idaho in the state of Idaho and Asotin county, Wash., will hold a joint institute for teachers next fall in the city of Lewiston.

The date has not yet been set. The place of holding the institute will be changed each year so each county may have the honor.

No institute for teachers was held last fall on account of the epidemic of influenza. It was to have been held at Lewiston then and therefore it goes to that place this year.

Miss Skattaboe left today to visit school on the various ridges near Troy.
— —

Colfax Decides to Keep Sunday Shows

Colfax. — according to the report of Dr. John Benson, Colfax has not a case of any contagious disease or the first time since September. The council approved his recommendation that the moving picture shows remain closed for two more weeks and dances are indefinitely banned.

The ordinance the council had instructed the city attorney to prepare closing the moving picture shows on Sunday was not introduced. A remonstrance signed by a great number of the citizens against such a move was red, and approved by unanimous vote of the council.

(ibid, page 2)
— — — —

The Daily Star-Mirror., February 21, 1919, Page 4

Mrs. Herington Entertained

The Mokepahreca club met Thursday afternoon with Mrs. W. L. Herington. This was the first meeting since the influenza ban and was greatly enjoyed by all. …

(ibid, page 4)
— — — — — — — — — —

Evening Capital News., February 21, 1919, Page 5

19190221ECN1

Middleton

Lester Lovejoy suffered a stroke of paralysis Saturday. He had influenza several weeks ago and has never fully recovered from that. Though quite seriously ill he is some improved now.

Mrs. F. H. Lanagher is quite ill this week.

Mrs. Samuel Egger has been confined to her bed several days because of illness.

Mrs. O. C. Robinson, of Boise, is at the home of her parents, Mr. and Mrs. G. A. Nickerson. Mr. and Mrs. Robinson expect to go to California in a few days for the benefit of Mrs. Robinson’s health.

The Parent-Teachers’ association will meet at the school house today at 2 p.m. Two special speakers will be there. Several musical selections have been planned. All of the patrons of the school are urged to be present at this meeting.

source: Evening Capital News. (Boise, Idaho), 21 Feb. 1919. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
— — — —

Evening Capital News., February 21, 1919, Page 6

Maple Grove

Mrs. Lucy Koger resumed her duties as teacher in the Maple Grove school after an absence of several weeks caused by sickness in the family.
— —

19190221ECN2

(ibid, page 6)
— — — — — — — — — —

Science Further Reading:

“The Medical and Scientific Conceptions of Influenza”

The search for the cause of “Spanish Influenza” and vaccine.

source: Stanford University
— —

* Vaccines

Many vaccines were developed and used during the 1918–1919 pandemic. The medical literature was full of contradictory claims of their success; there was apparently no consensus on how to judge the reported results of these vaccine trials. … The most widely used, and historically the most interesting, was the vaccine produced by Edward C. Rosenow of the Mayo Clinic’s Division of Experimental Bacteriology. Rosenow argued that the exact composition of a vaccine intended to prevent pneumonia had to match the distribution of the lung-infecting microbes then in circulation. For that reason, he insisted that the composition of his vaccine had to be frequently readjusted. His initial vaccine consisted of killed bacteria … He later dropped Pfeiffer’s bacillus entirely. The Mayo Clinic distributed Rosenow’s vaccine widely to physicians in the upper Midwest. … McCoy arranged his own trial of the Rosenow vaccine produced by the Laboratories of the Chicago Health Department. He and his associates worked in a mental asylum in California where they could keep all subjects under close observation. They immunized alternate patients younger than age 41 on every ward, completing the last immunization 11 days before the local outbreak began. Under these more controlled conditions, Rosenow’s vaccine offered no protection whatsoever. McCoy’s article appeared as a one-column report in the December 14, 1918, edition of the Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA)

source: The State of Science, Microbiology, and Vaccines Circa 1918
——————

Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 1)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 2)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 3)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 4)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 5)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 6)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 7)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 8)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 9)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 10)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 11)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 12)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 13)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 14)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 15)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 16)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 17)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 18)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 19)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 20)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 21)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 22)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 23)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 24)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 25)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 26)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 27)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 28)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 29)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 30)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 31)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 32)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 33)