Idaho History Dec 13, 2020

Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic

Part 35

Idaho Newspaper clippings February 22-27, 1919

Photos courtesy: the Mike Fritz Collection, History of Idaho
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February 22

Evening Capital News., February 22, 1919, Page 2


Ships Making Port
Two Transports, Delayed by Heavy Storms at Sea, Reach New York Port.

New York, Feb. 22. — Transports which have been delayed by heavy Atlantic storms were coming safely into port today.

The Orizba, which sailed February 12 from Bordeaux, brought 2931 men, including headquarters supply companies, ordnance medical detachments and batteries A, B, C, D, E and F of the 334th field artillery: headquarters of the 162nd field artillery and a number of casual companies.

The Henderson, which left Bordeaux February 3, had 1212 men, mostly wounded and casuals. She put into the Bermudas on the voyage.

When the Manchuria from St. Nazaire, with 4447 men, was inspected at quarantine she was found to have 104 cases of influenza, 24 of pneumonia, 3 of mumps and 1 of measles. Four influenza victims died on the way over. The Manchuria carried the 70th and 71st coast artillery regiments and 867 sick and wounded, as well as several casual companies. Quarantine officers did not delay her, as the army is prepared to care for the sick men.
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[Excerpts from “Camp at Brest” (France) by Lowell Mellett, United Press.]

Health of Inmates Carefully Supervised by Best of Army Doctors; Hospital Declared Finest Equipped of A. E. F.

Brest, Feb. 22 – Camp Pontanezen, where most of the homeward American troops are stationed while awaiting transportation, is a big institution. …

Best in the A. E. F.

“It is the best equipped hospital in the A. E. F.,” according to Major George H. Burke, who is in charge of it, and who might be expected to protest if he were inadequately supplied with essentials. On the other hand, he maintains it has everything that can be expected in a camp hospital. The hospital consists of a big stone barracks building which contains the operating rooms and dozens of frame ward buildings. The staff includes 104 Red Cross nurses. It was different in the days of pneumonia and influenza epidemic when there were only 37 nurses.

“The war cleaned out the American supply of nurses. We got all we could. In addition we combed out the men in camp, finding many for temporary duty.”

The major spoke glowingly of the way the nurses worked during the epidemic, saying, “they never thought of sleeping and some times worked 24 to 36 hours straight.”

Blanche Jones, head nurse, whom Major Burke described as “the greatest woman in the A. E. F.” has been recommended for congressional recognition.

source: Evening Capital News. (Boise, Idaho), 22 Feb. 1919. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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Evening Capital News., February 22, 1919, Page 5

Around Boise Valley Loop


Mrs. William Shepard is reported quite ill.

S. E. Parsons, local agent of the American Express company, has been called to Spokane by the illness of his father.
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Mrs. John Keith is on the sick list.

Mrs. Ellen Rogers who has been quite ill is able to be out again.

The Seniors of Star high school entertained the faculty, freshmen, sophomores and juniors at a “kids party” Saturday evening in Dr. O. W. Hall’s building.
— —


Mrs. James Mead of Appleton City, Mo., is critically ill at the J. S. Smith home.

The ladies of the Baptist church cleared about 35 dollars at their chicken supper Friday evening.
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School Bills Will Clear Present Laws
Measures Pending in Legislature Seek to Remove Existing Deficiencies – Both Import Measures.

Two measures before the legislature, senate bill No. 142 by McMurray and house bill No. 248 by Monson, which are of considerable interest to the school districts and school teachers of the state and which, it is evident, are introduced for the purpose of removing the deficiencies of the present statues as pointed out in one of the first opinions issued by the attorney general’s office, under Attorney General Black.

This opinion was published by the department of education in the educational bulletin and widely disseminated over the state and created considerable discussion and surprise at the state of the law at the time. It pointed out that while a common school district could not discharge a teacher without cause and reasonable notice, that an independent district could discharge its teachers at any time without hearing or notice, irrespective of the terms of the written contract.

The second point was that under the statutes, as they stand at present, a school closed during the present school year by reason of the influenza epidemic to such an extend that the minimum term required by law was not held, the school could not receive its apportionment of the public school funds unless its closing had been ordered by the health authorities.

The new senate bill amends the law to read that independent districts may not discharge teachers except for neglect of duty or some cause that in their opinion renders the service of the teachers unprofitable to the district and that no teacher shall be discharged before the end of his or her term without a reasonable hearing.

The house bill, in substance, provides that no school shall be deprived of its apportionment of state or county school funds by reason of its failure to hold the minimum term required by law during the current school year if, the school was closed on account of judgement of the county superintendent, the prevalence of influenza or other disease, whether it was ordered closed by the school trustees, the health authorities, or otherwise, provided that it has held and continues to hold school at all other regular times during the term. And a further provision is made that no school shall be required to continue in session beyond the time when it would otherwise have regularly closed for the year, to make up the time lost by reason of the influenza epidemic.

(ibid, page 5)
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Evening on Bonanza Lake, Blanchard, Idaho


courtesy: the Mike Fritz Collection, History of Idaho
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February 23

Evening Capital News., February 23, 1919, Page 5



A movement has been started to build a new high school building to be known as the Memorial High school, honoring Payette soldiers.

Miss Vivian Schutt leaves for Boise next week, where she will enter St. Luke’s hospital to take the nurses training.
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Mountain Home

Mrs. Wills Calloway is quite ill this week at her home.

Miss Addie Epperson was able to be out Friday after an illness of several weeks.

Robert Ernest Latimore, who has been quite ill for the past week, is improving rapidly.

source: Evening Capital News. (Boise, Idaho), 23 Feb. 1919. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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Evening Capital News., February 23, 1919, Page 8

Mrs. Enoch Whitcomb, of Salmon, Wife of Senator Whitcomb of Lemhi County.

Mrs. Whitcomb, who attended the session of of two years ago with her husband, who was in the senate at the time, has many many friends in the city, formed during her visit that year. Mrs. Whitcomb is a member of the Woman’s Club of Salmon and head of the Junior Red Cross, and Guardian of the Camp Fire Girls. Mrs. Whitcomb opened her house for the Junior Red Cross and takes great pleasure and interest in their activities. Although born and reared on the Atlantic coast, Mrs. Whitcomb has adapted herself very easily to her western environment. That she is devoted to young girls is exceedingly fortunate for her charges, for they could scarcely have a wiser counselor or a better friend. During the recent influenza epidemic, the necessity for nurses called Mrs. Whitcomb from the safety of her home and she joined the ranks of noble nurses who volunteered their services in the cause of humanity.

(ibid, page 8)
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Evening Capital News., February 23, 1919, Page 9

Week’s Chronology in the Legislature


Feb 18 – Passed eight hour day bill for women and Kirby measure reimbursing bounty claim holders; bills introduced to repeal penalty clause in statute prohibiting the creation of deficiencies and to protect schools forced to close because of influenza epidemic. Special investigation committee takes up Moody probe behind closed doors. …


Feb. 21 – Killed by indefinite postponement bill for 8-hour work day for women. …

(ibid, page 9)
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Street Scene, Bliss, Idaho


courtesy: the Mike Fritz Collection, History of Idaho
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February 24

Evening Capital News., February 24, 1919, Page 1


Brest Camps Settings For Triumph And Tragedy Also
Records were smashed Daily for Cargo and Troop Discharge; Hundreds Die From Disease at French Port.
976,146 Troops Passed Through French Gate
Unforgettable Hours When Men Died by the Hundreds from Influenza; Wonder Still Shown by U. S. Soldiers.

By Lowell Mellett.
(Copyright 1919, by United Press.)

Brest, Feb. 24 — While every effort is being strained here to get the boys home as fast as possible, it is not a race. The reason is that Brest, having outdistanced all other ports in the great “race for Berlin,” has no serious competitors in the “race for home.”

The “race for Berlin,” was between Brest, Bordeaux, St. Nazaire, Havre, Marseillaise, Boulogne and Calais. It began in November, 1917, and was designed to show which port organization was the most efficient. Brest accomplished eight weeks theoretical work in forwarding troops and materials in six weeks and two days.

Records Smashed

When the armistice was signed 976,146 troops had passed through this port. The first boat arriving in November 1917, required 17 days to discharge its cargo. On May 24, 1918, 16 boats arrived with 42,152 troops and all were discharged within 24 hours. On July 15, 32,000 troops were discharged in 12 hours. The Leviathan on its first trip to Liverpool – the world’s greatest harbor – spent 42 days there before its return to America. On its second trip to Liverpool it spent 30 days. She arrived in Brest on May 2 with 8842 troops discharged them, recoaled and departed in 81 hours. The next day a British official arrived in Brest to see if it were possible for the Americans to better Liverpool’s record. He found the ship gone. Admiral Sims receiving a message relating to the performance, thought there was a mistake and asked for verification.

Sims Ruins Hat

The confirmatory message was received while he was in the office of a British admiral. He kicked his hat to the ceiling and shouted. On its next trip the Leviathan discharged 20,888 troops in 29 hours and re-coaled in 49 1/2 hours.

This is the pleasanter side of Brest’s activities during the trying months when there was just one motive actuating the American army and the American people – to get the men to the front. These records were achieved with totally inadequate facilities, insufficient lighters, tugs, trucks, cars and lumber, and with roads in deplorable shape.

In August, the city of Brest suffered an influenza epidemic. There were many deaths among the French inhabitants, but the army’s precautions prevented the disease from spreading to the troops working on the docks and at Camp Pontanezan.

Unforgettable Night

The same was true when transports began arriving from America bringing victims of influenza and pneumonia. The first of these ships were the Van Stuben and the Louisville, which reached here September 4, 1918, with a hundred dead and hundreds of sick aboard. One unforgettable night was that of October 12, when the Leviathan arrived with hundreds ill and many dead. Brigadier General Butler, former colonel of the Thirteenth Marines, had just been given command.

That night as he sent a thousand Marines down to the docks. They carried 500[?] sick men in their arms four miles to Camp Pontanezan through rain and mud because there were not enough stretchers. The general himself walked with the Marines carrying the packs of three sick men. Today, he related how he met two Marines in the dark, heard a sob, turned on his flashlight and found both weeping as they carried a limp body. He asked what the trouble was. One replied.

“One man died on us.”

Storm Razes Tents

A terrible storm blew down many tents the night of January 6, this year, unhousing 1800 men. General Butler ordered all kitchens fired up and dinner served. Bonfires were started and bands played. A disagreeable incident was thus turned into a lively midnight picnic, while accommodations were being restored.

The spirit displayed in these various situations described is responsible for the present efficient organization, which led Chairman Schwab a few days ago to write a personal note of commendation on conditions in the camp. Likewise, it has led dozens of men to volunteer to remain for permanent garrison duty, though they were scheduled to sail for home.
— —


source: Evening Capital News. (Boise, Idaho), 24 Feb. 1919. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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Evening Capital News., February 24, 1919, Page 4

Here’s to Their Health

The Tahitians and dwellers on adjacent islands died by the thousand from influenza. Their sunny skies, their out-of-door life could not save them.

In icy Alaska the native Indians and the Esquimaux [sic] perished, whole villages together. Maddened with fever they rushed out into the freezing air and died before they could be brought back.

The Indians in northern Canada have gone the same way, victims of one of the great epidemics of history.

As a rule these simple folk of the out of doors are fairly healthy until the civilized trader arrives at their homes and brings to them not only his goods but his diseases. Unaccustomed to illness, with no doctor for perhaps a hundred miles, only the most primitive knowledge of nursing or appliances for it, they stand little chance before the inroads of the white man’s plagues.

Nobody knows just where the influenza started, but one thing is certain, upon the shoulders of the civilized world lies the culpability for its spread. Every individual or group of individuals, public or private, who know even the simplest laws of sanitation and quarantine and failed to observe them is guilty.

The great nations are to assume a beautiful guardianship over the small; under the shadow of our wings the little people are to wax strong.

And we inaugurate the era with one of the worst epidemics in history.

Here is food for thought. It will profit the small nations but little if we destroy them physically while we build them politically. We offer them a fine healthy government. It is just as incumbent upon us to perfect ourselves in the laws of health and the prevention of disease, so that we may offer them also the example of a fine, clean, physical life.

(ibid, page 4)
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Evening Capital News., February 24, 1919, Page 5

Around Boise Valley Loop


Miss Margaret Knowlton, county superintendent of schools, spent several days last week visiting the local schools. She was also one of the speakers at the parent-teachers’ meeting Friday afternoon.

The local W. C. T. U. have their service flag finished. It embraces the soldier boys from the entire community.
— —


Dr. Hansem and wife were McDermott visitors Sunday.

Mrs. O. V. Sebern visited her son Glen at St. Luke’s hospital Saturday.

The Red Cross will meet Thursday with Mrs. C. S. Ayers. All who can are requested to be present as there is work to do.
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A. L. Hancock, who has been quite ill the past month, is reported to be much improved.

J. M Anderson, who has been quite ill the last several weeks, is reported to be much improved.
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B. F. Swalley who has been very ill is reported much improved.

The burial of John Hall, who died at his home near Eagle, took place at the Star cemetery Sunday afternoon.

(ibid, page 5)
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Evening Capital News., February 24, 1919, Page 7


(ibid, page 7)
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The Daily Star-Mirror., February 24, 1919, Page 1


Extension Work To Improve Homes
Campaign For Better Home Conveniences and Surroundings Started Here

What the home economics workers are doing in Idaho to help the women and improve home conditions and make the home life, especially on the farms, brighter and easier was shown during the extension workers’ conference held here last week. The university, the agricultural college and their branches, including the home economics and extension workers forces are trying to improve conditions in every line, especially in the rural districts, and great success has been met throughout the districts where the greatest amount of work has been done. An explanation of the work that has been accomplished and the plans that are being made for future work is given in a statement prepared by the department. It follows:

“During the past week the home demonstration agents here have been discussing the plans of work for the coming year. There has been much discussion among outsiders as to whether the home demonstration agent was in close enough touch with the women to actually know their problems, but as the women belong to the farm bureau and they themselves state their problems, the home demonstration agent is only a leader directing the work. Consequently the problems given the most attention this week have been those brought in from the field.

“Since the epidemic of influenza there has been a great demand from the women to know more about the home care of the sick. Arrangements have been made to give this work in communities under the direction of a trained nurse. Actual demonstrations will be given in taking care of a sick patient. Along with the work will be carried the child welfare program.

“Because of the scarcity of wool and its high price during the war much of the clothing on the market is inferior quality. It is hoped with the aid of the clothing specialist, women who have not been accustomed to make over clothing will utilize the garments on hand in making clothes for the children till both the quality and the price become normal.

“In many sections of Idaho the homes are new and much interest has been shown in the planting of trees and shrubs and thus beautifying their grounds. Out of this has grown the project, “Beautify the Home.” Along with this project improving the exterior of the home is a project to provide more conveniences for the home and to install some kind of water system in every home.

“Much interest has been shown in poultry throughout the state and many women are interested in making the farm flock pay. So with the help of the poultry specialist many communities are working for better breeds of poultry and for better egg production. These four projects are being carried on in Bonneville, Twin Falls, Gooding and Canyon counties. The women of these counties are much interested in these projects and the home demonstration agent is endeavoring this week to work out plans that will help the women much along these lines of work.”
— —


source: The Daily Star-Mirror. (Moscow, Idaho), 24 Feb. 1919. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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The Daily Star-Mirror., February 24, 1919, Page 3

City News

The Past Noble Gran club will be entertained Wednesday afternoon at the regular meeting by Mrs. Lindol Smith and Mrs. D. Holman at the home of Mrs. J. W. Lieuallen. All members please take notice and be in attendance, this being the first meeting since the influenza ban.

The Rebekah lodge will meet Tuesday evening at 7:30 and after the lodge service, a social hour has been arranged. All members will please be on time and any visiting Rebekahs in the city are cordially invited.

(ibid, page 3)
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Idaho Soldiers Home, Boise, Idaho ca. 1918 (1)


courtesy: the Mike Fritz Collection, History of Idaho
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February 25

Evening Capital News., February 25, 1919, Page 5


Around Boise Valley Loop


Mrs. Elmer Reasnor of Appleton City, Mo., arrived Sunday evening to be with her mother, Mrs. James Mead, who is quite ill at the J. S. Smith home.

A. H. Pelton is confined to his room with a severe attack of bronchitis.
— —


M. I. Burkholder who has had the influenza, has recovered.

source: Evening Capital News. (Boise, Idaho), 25 Feb. 1919. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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The Idaho Republican. February 25, 1919, Page 2



The flu is again in our midst, several families across the canal are quite sick with it.

The dinner that was to be given by the farm bureau at the Pingree Hotel February 18, was postponed on account of the renewal of the flu.

Mrs. E. N. Day is on the sick list at this writing.

Charey Ropp is suffering with mumps.
— —


The dance in the Ensign hall last Saturday night was a failure. Only three or four couples were on the floor at 11:30, so the orchestra was dismissed.

The dance last Friday evening was well attended, and this probably was the reason for the poor crowd Saturday evening the following night.

Quite a number of Shelley boys attended the dance at Firth last Tuesday evening.

Jessie Armstrong entertained the school teachers at a dinner party last Tuesday evening. All present enjoyed themselves greatly.

source: The Idaho Republican. (Blackfoot, Idaho), 25 Feb. 1919. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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The Idaho Republican. February 25, 1919, Page 3


Paul H. Allred and family have been suffering a month with the flu. Mrs. Allred, correspondent for the Republican has been very sick with the disease and tho still weak she seems to now be on the safe side. Just as she was beginning to recover from the flu, her soldier brother Ellis Zunz of Victor, Idaho then on his way home from Washington, D. C., where he had been stationed for some time, called her up from Pocatello intending to stop off for a visit. Her disappointment was very great on that occasion since the quarantine rules forbade the visit.
— —


It is reported that Charles Kirk’s health is not much improved.
— —


Mrs. L. Lint gave a party at the school house Thursday evening for the older school children. Dancing and games were enjoyed by all, after which ice cream and cake were served.
— —


Thursday afternoon, Feb. 13 a school election was held for the purpose of voting for an independent school district, 215 votes were cast, 135 for and eighty against. Saturday the commissioners ordered it made independent.

(ibid, page 3)
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The Idaho Republican. February 25, 1919, Page 5

Local News

Mrs. O. E. Snyder and little daughter Margaret left for Logan Tuesday morning, where they will visit with Mrs. Snyder’s mother who is ill with influenza.
— —

Last Week of School Semester

Examination Week

The final examinations for this semester will be given on Friday of this week in the grades and high school. In place of spreading the examination period out over a week, everything will be cleaned up in one day, Friday.

New Semester

The second semester will open Monday, March 4 and an increase is expected in the enrollment. It is thought that the enrollment will be such that it will necessitate the addition of two or possibly four more teachers, as everything is crowded to the capacity now.

Fire at Irving School

Thursday evening about 5 o’clock a few was discovered on the roof of the Irving school building, caused from a damaged flue. The fire department was called but the blaze was extinguished with the liquid fire extinguisher, which is kept at the school building.
— —

Death of Dr. Mote

Dr. J. O. Mote passed away at his Springfield home Wednesday evening after suffering long and hard with tuberculosis. Kind and loving hands did all in their power to restore the stricken man to health, but all in vain.

The remains were laid to rest Friday afternoon in the Springfield cemetery.

(ibid, page 5)
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The Idaho Republican. February 25, 1919, Page 6

Upper Presto

Berkley Larsen’s family are ill with the flu. They are under the care of Dr. Cutler.

Peter Hansen visited at the Lyon home Sunday. Mr. Hansen is just recovering from a siege of influenza.

Mrs. Nancy Singleton departed this life at her home in Basalt Sunday morning, death was caused by pneumonia following the influenza. Mrs. Singleton came here about three years ago from St. Anthony. She leaves eight children to mourn her loss, three of which are ill with the influenza at this writing. The sympathy of the entire community is with the children.
— —


Mrs. J. B. Rich, who has been on the sick list for some time is improving.

Lenore Brown is ill at this writing.

H. C. C. Rich was called to Paris, Idaho, his brother having died there.

Joel Rich has been on the sick list for the last few days.
— —


Mrs. Hazel Von Lostawicks and son spent the week-end in Blackfoot visiting her husband.
— —


Park Nelson’s many friends are glad to hear that he has recovered from the flu and is able to be out and around again.

Theodore Herbert’s many friends are glad to hear that he is back among them again.

A crowd of young folks of this vicinity enjoyed themselves at the dance given in Sterling Wednesday night.

(ibid, page 6)
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The Idaho Republican. February 25, 1919, Page 7


The infant daughter of Mr. and Mrs. John Criddle is recovering from a serious attack of tonsillitis.

The school children spent Valentine day at school. In the afternoon the children in the lower grades played games and generally enjoyed themselves. A valentine box added to the pleasure. In the evening the older pupils enjoyed a social time at the school house under the direction of Mr. and Mrs. Robins. Dancing was enjoyed during the evening, delicious refreshment were served.

Arthur Snyder fell at school while playing games on Valentine day and cut his lip badly.

Merle Chandler has returned to Logan, Utah, where she will resume her school duties.

Lane Shelman writes that he has left the hospital and is with the occupation army in Germany. Dewey Blackburn thought he might be sent to Russia. Raymond Stephens says it looks as tho their hospital unit would be moved into Germany. No Springfield boys have returned home from France yet.

(ibid, page 7)
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Bonners Ferry Herald. February 25, 1919, Page 3


Commissioners’ proceedings

Bonners Ferry, Idaho, January 22, 1919:

Board of County Commissioners met in regular session at 10:00 a.m. for the purpose of opening bids on Fish Creek bridge and act on such business as might come before it. …

5th. — A Mr. Kirby, an influenza convalescent, appeared before the Board at this time and asked for assistance for he and family and for financial aid for them to reach Spokane, which was granted to the extent of $26.02.

10th. — At this time the county charges now being attended by Mrs. P. Batway, were visited. It was found that only two charges were being cared for at this time at the rate of $25.00 per month each. These patients, it was found, were being cared for in a very satisfactory manner.

source: Bonners Ferry Herald. (Bonners Ferry, Idaho), 25 Feb. 1919. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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Bonners Ferry Herald. February 25, 1919, Page 4

Local Pick-ups

Mrs. J. A. Transean has been seriously ill the past week with bronchia pneumonia and at last reports was improving slightly.

Miss Vera Jones has accepted the position as teacher of the Smith Hill school at Porthill. She taught this school last year.

Beginning last night the barber shops of the city closed at seven o’clock the action being in anticipation of the early passage of a state law to this effect. The local shops will remain open until 10 o’clock on Saturday nights. The new closing hours are being welcomed by the barbers who have felt for a long time that their working hours were too long.

(ibid, page 4)
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Bonners Ferry Herald. February 25, 1919, Page 5

Local News

Mrs. Edgar Charles received word yesterday of the serious illness of her sister at Centralia, Wash. and left today for her sister’s bedside.

The members of the W. C. T. U. at their meeting Friday, appointed a committee to see what could be done towards providing a space for young men under 20 years, to congregate and spend their evenings. As such ab undertaking would involve considerable expense and the winter is well gone it is probably that no great effort will be made along this line just now.

(ibid, page 5)
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The Daily Star-Mirror., February 25, 1919, Page 1


News Of District And Probate Courts
Many Matters of Interest in Both Divisions at County Court House

In the probate court Judge Nelson appointed Julia R. Brocke as administratrix of the estate of her deceased husband, Frank N. Brocke, who succumbed to influenza. The real estate consists of an 80-acre farm near Kendrick.

source: The Daily Star-Mirror. (Moscow, Idaho), 25 Feb. 1919. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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The Daily Star-Mirror., February 25, 1919, Page 3

City News

Miss Margaret Yangle came home today from Spokane, where she is taking training as a nurse. Miss Yangle is just recovering from an attack of influenza.

(ibid, page 3)
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The Daily Star-Mirror., February 25, 1919, Page 4

Gives Lecture on Health of Child
Mrs. E. R. Bennett of Extension Department, Entertains the Mothers

Despite bad weather and the difficulty of traveling through the deep snow, Mrs. E. R. Bennett, field nurse of the extension department of the University of Idaho, talked interestingly to more than 50 women, most of them mothers, of Moscow and vicinity, Monday afternoon at the “”Y” hut. Mrs. Bennett, who is an interesting and instructive speaker, making her points plain and using only plain language, dwelt upon modern health conditions and the necessity of greater consideration to the health of the child. “With a child mortality of 300,000 per year in the United States it is vital that the women give more attention to the government of health conditions,” she said.

Mrs. Bennett emphasized the great advantage to a community of a public health nurse and more extensive physical training in the schools. The responsibility of obtaining these things for a community rests largely with the people of that community, she declared. Mrs. Bennett told some interesting stories of her experience as a field nurse. In two counties in southern Idaho where she examined 100 and 180 children, respectively, each child being carefully examined, weighed and given the usual tests for ascertaining its physical conditions, she only found 4 per cent and 6 per cent, respectively, were free from any defect. “We lay fine plans for improving our stock,” said Mrs. Bennett, “Why not improve our humans?”

The lecture was followed by a discussion by the women present, of their own problems. Mrs. Bennett being a graduate nurse with wide experience in actual work, covering a large field and all varieties of cases, is well qualified to answer questions regarding the health of children and their care. She is ready and anxious to render any assistance desired when called upon. The lecture was spoken of in the highest terms by those who heard it and many stated they had learned much that would be of assistance to them in caring for their children.

(ibid, page 4)
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Main Street, Bonners Ferry, Idaho (8)


courtesy: the Mike Fritz Collection, History of Idaho
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February 26

Evening Capital News., February 26, 1919, Page 5


Around Boise Valley Loop


Word was received Sunday evening saying a number of the local boys with the 116th engineers landed in New York Sunday morning.

Mr. and Mrs. O. C. Robinson left Saturday evening for California for the benefit of Mrs. Robinson’s health.

Mr. and Mrs. Lee Thomas have returned from Hot Lake where they had been for Mr. Thomas’ health.

Rev. W. M. Ewing, district superintendent, preached at the M. E. church Sunday for Rev. Wharton, who is ill.
— —


The funeral of Mrs. C. Emerson was held at the Mission church yesterday afternoon.

Charles Johnson who has been ill, is able to be out again.

Dr. Spencer of Boise made a professional trip here Tuesday.
— —


O. V. Sebern visited his son Glen at St. Luke’s hospital Tuesday.

Mrs. H. G. Williams visited Grandma Snell at St. Luke’s hospital Tuesday.

There will be a reception held at Victory Friday evening for the returned soldiers, after which a box social will be held for the Armenian relief fund.

source: Evening Capital News. (Boise, Idaho), 26 Feb. 1919. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
— — — —

Evening Capital News., February 26, 1919, Page 7


Robert C. Cole, ticket agent of the Short Line, returned from Birmingham, Ala., Tuesday and resumed his duties at the station. He was called to the iron city in the south by the death of his brother.
— —

Deaths – Funerals

Desig — John R. Desig died at Tacoma, Wash., Tuesday Feb. 21 after an illness of one week with pneumonia following Spanish influenza. He was the father of Will E. Desig of Barber, was 65 years of age and is survived by four children, two brothers and two sisters; all living in this vicinity. His remains were brought to Weiser and buried by the side of his wife.

(ibid, page 7)
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The Challis Messenger., February 26, 1919, Page 1



source: The Challis Messenger. (Challis, Idaho), 26 Feb. 1919. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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The Challis Messenger., February 26, 1919, Page 5

Items About People You Know

Epidemic – An epidemic of colds prevails throughout the valley. The trouble is not serious but “dud’-d idcodvediet, dodt cher dough?”

Pahsamaroi Soldier – Ezra Baker returned home last Saturday from Uncle Sam’s service. he was met here by his wife accompanied by her mother and brother.

Two More Arrive – Two more soldier boys returned home the latter part of last week, Harry McKendrick from Camp Lewis and Frank Pfeiffer from California.

George Gossi Home – George Gossi returned home last week having been mustered out of the service.

An Early Spring? – The weather prophets are busy these days figuring just how long it will be until spring arrives. All seem to be unanimous that she will get here early this year. Here’s hopin’.
— —

Purely Personal

Jim Mavity, our deputy sheriff, has been on the sick list the past week.

I. R. Wilson passed through town the fore part of the week on his way to his home in Pahsamaroi from a trip to Salt Lake City. Mr. Wilson has but recently recovered from the flu.

(ibid, page 6)
— — — —

The Challis Messenger., February 26, 1919, Page 8

Legal Notices

Compulsory School Law

Section 150. In all districts of this State, all parents, guardian, and other persons having care of children shall instruct them, or cause them to be instructed, in reading, writing, spelling, English Grammar, geography and arithmetic. In such districts, every parent, guardian, or other person having charge of any child between the ages of eight (8) and sixteen (16) years shall send such a child to a public, private or parochial school for the entire school year during which the public schools are in cession in such district; Provided, however: That this chapter shall not apply to children over fifteen (15) years of age, where such child shall have completed the eight (8) grade, or may be eligible to enter any high school in such district, or where its help is needed for its own use or its parents support, or where for good cause shown it would be for the best interest of such a child to be relieved from the provisions of this chapter. Provided, further, that if a reputable physician within the district shall certify in writing that the child’s bodily or mental condition does not permit its attendance at school, such child shall be exempt during such period of disability from the requirements of this chapter. It shall be the duty of the superintendent of the school district, if there be such superintendent, and if not, then the county superintendent of schools, to hear and determine all applications of children desiring, for any of the causes mentioned here, to be exempted from the provisions of this chapter, and if upon such application, such superintendent, hearing the same, shall be of the opinion that such child for any reason is entitled to be exempted as aforesaid, then such superintendent shall issue a written permit to such child, stating therein his reason for such exemption. An appeal may be taken from the decision of such superintendent so passing upon such application, to the probate court of the county in which such district lies, upon such child making such application and filing the same with the clerk or judge of said court, within ten days after its refusal by such superintendent, for which no fee to exceed the sum of One Dollar ($1.00) shall be charged, and the decision of the probate court shall be final. An application for release from the provisions of this chapter shall not be renewed oftener than once in three months.

(ibid, page 8)
— — — — — — — — — —

Main Street, Bovill, Idaho (5) 1914


courtesy: the Mike Fritz Collection, History of Idaho
— — — — — — — — — —

February 27

Evening Capital News., February 27, 1919, Page 3


Mountain Home

Miss Edna Morrison, who has been teaching school at Featherville, returned home Wednesday, school having discontinued.

Captain Winters and daughter Miss Evelyn F. Winters, of Featherville, stopped over in Mountain Home on their way to Boise, where Miss Winters will attend school.

Tex Riley was taken to Boise Tuesday for medical treatment.

source: Evening Capital News. (Boise, Idaho), 27 Feb. 1919. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
— — — — — — — — — —

Evening Capital News., February 27, 1919, Page 5

Around Boise Valley Loop


Cestney Williamson is reported ill.

The rural high school basketball team will play the Boise Y. M. C. A. team here tonight.
— —


The day old baby of Mr. and Mrs. H. L. Murphy died Sunday evening.

Sergeant Jesse L. Rutledge, son of Mrs. and Mrs. J. E. Rutledge, arrived home Monday night from Camp Funston, where he received his discharge from the army. Sergeant Rutledge was a forester in the 10th engineers. He saw 17 months’ service over seas. Mr. Rutledge was the first Middleton boy to go to France and the first so far to return. He sailed from Brest and was in the U. S. A. only 13 days when he received his discharge.
— —


Miss Edna Tucker is very ill at this writing.
— —

Mad Dog Scare
Nyssa Persons, Hogs, Steer, Mule Bitten by Crazed Canine; None Seriously Hurt.

Nyssa is recovering from a real mad-dog scare. Mad dogs attacked three persons, two hogs, a steer and a mule, and a number of dogs were bitten by the hydrophobic dog. The two hogs, the steer, mule and half the dogs in Nyssa have been killed. All other dogs here are muzzled.

The three persons were attacked by the same mad dog. They are H. A. Goshert, who is associated with his father in the hardware business in Nyssa; Georgia Thompson, a 10-year-old school girl, and a Gamble boy, aged 11 years.

Mr. Goshert was on this way home at noon for lunch when he was attacked by a strange dog that was frothing at the mouth. The dog leaped at him and grabbed his right trouser leg near the thigh and almost tore off the entire trouser leg, but the dog’s bite did not go deep enough to draw blood. Mr. Goshert has a little sore on his right finger. When he made a grab for his trouser leg his sore finger was made wet from the dog’s froth. He immediately went to Dr. Sarazin who is giving him 25 pasteur treatments to prevent hydrophobia.

After attacking Mr. Goshert the dog almost immediately attacked the little girl and boy aforenamed. The dog snapped each of them in the back. Fortunately each had on heavy clothes and the bite did not go through the clothing of either child.

The two hogs that were killed belonged to C. F. Smith. Both had hydrophobia.

W. G. Cathey had a dog and steer, each going mad. Both were killed.

R. H. Brown, sheepman, had a mule bitten and went mad. It was killed.

Walter Imes, who lives on the Idaho side of the Snake river, across from Nyssa, had a dog that bit half a dozen other dogs. All were killed.

It is believed the mad dogs have all been killed. Rigid precautions are being taken to prevent any further outbreak from mad dogs.

(ibid, page 5)
— — — —

Evening Capital News., February 27, 1919, Page 10


Margaret Brown, a student in the seminary, who has been seriously ill, was able to be moved to her home in Riverside Tuesday.

Wendall Mills, who has been sick for some time, is reported better.

(ibid, page 10)
— — — — — — — — — —

The Grangeville Globe. February 27, 1919, Page 1


Death Called Frank Cowling
Young Farmer, Aged 35 Years, Leaves Wife and Two Daughters.

Frank Cole Cowling, aged 35 years and six days, passed away at the family home at the C. R. Seay place 10 miles north of this city, Monday, February 24, from pneumonia which followed an attack of influenza, and will be laid to rest today, Thursday, at Clearwater. Rev. J. B. York, of Asotin, conducting the services and Undertaker E. S. Hancock of Grangeville, directing the funeral.

Deceased was born in what was then Indian Territory, at Cowlington, and moved to Clearwater with his parents when three years old, where he lived all his life with the exception of three years spent in Oregon an Washington. He was married June 30th, 1912, to Miss Ettie Stamey, and two daughters were born to the union, Zelma, aged 5 years, and Goldie, aged 15 months, who with his mother, two brothers, Dan of Clearwater, and Otto of Grangeville, and one sister, Mrs. Alfred Segsworth of Asotin, are left to mourn his passing.

The bereaved wife and children while not in serious condition, were unable to attend the funeral on account of the influenza from which they are suffering.

source: The Grangeville Globe. (Grangeville, Idaho), 27 Feb. 1919. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
— — — —

The Grangeville Globe. February 27, 1919, Page 2

19190227GG2Would Revive Six-County Institute
Plans For This Fall to Surpass Institute Postponed Last Year on Account of Influenza Epidemic

As a result of the conference yesterday in Lewiston, attended by the school superintendents of Nez Perce, Idaho, Latah and Clearwater counties, a joint institute will be held in Lewiston next fall with a program measuring up to, if not surpassing, the institute planned for last fall, but which was postponed on account of the influenza epidemic. Asotin county will be the sixth to participate in the big educational event.

Yesterday’s conference was held upon invitation issued by Mrs. Minnie Faust, superintendent of Nez Perce county, and the visiting superintendents were: Miss Margaret Sweet, Idaho county; Miss Lillian Scattaboe Latah county; Miss Norma Wilson Lewis county, and Miss Cecil Parker, Clearwater county. Superintendent C. B. Thornton of Asotin county sent word of his regret that he could not be present at the conference, but would give assurance of that county’s earnest cooperation.

The institute planned for last fall promised to rank as one of the greatest educational gathering ever held in the northwest, the program providing for the presence of noted educators and when the epidemic necessitated postponement there was a keen disappointment to the several hundred teachers who had made arrangement to attend. There followed importunity that the plans be revived for this year, and Mrs. Faust then decided to call the conference to secure the views of the superintendents of the other affected counties. This conference yesterday showed a most enthusiastic interest in the plan adopted and decision was unanimous that the institute should be held In Lewiston. Decision was then reached that the dates of the institute should be the first week in October, while a third conclusion reached was to invite F. W. Simmonds, superintendent of the Lewiston public schools, to assume the responsibility of director.

With the decision reached this early to arrange the institute it will be possible to immediately take up the matter of securing for the program, leading educators of the country, before their plans have been made, and it is felt that through this fact the presence here of an exceptionally strong list of speakers and lecturers can be secured. It is probable other conferences of the superintendents will be called as occasion may arise.

The superintendents yesterday also took up consideration of the matter of the annual inter-county spelling match and decided to waive the match this year, due to conditions arising from the influenza epidemic which closed for long periods many of the schools and thus making it impossible for a number of such schools to participate.

At the conclusion of the conference, Miss Sweet and Miss Wilson were guests of Mrs. Faust on a visit to Miss McDonald at the training school east of Lewiston, Miss Scattaboe and Miss Parker returning to their home on the afternoon train.

“I feel that we are to have a wonderful institute,” said Mrs. Faust last evening. “All the superintendents are enthusiastic over the plans.”

— Lewiston Tribune Feb. 19.

(ibid, page 2)
— — — — — — — — — —

Jerome County Times., February 27, 1919, Page 1



The Department of Education at Washington is pressing its work throughout the country to Americanize the foreign born. The effort is persistent to break up those communities that conduct their affairs in foreign tongues. The war put 483 German newspapers out of business and these papers reached three million subscribers a day. Germany was the worst offender in peace times in perpetuating the customs of the parent nation. But in our antipathy and distrust of Germany we should not overlook the fact that ten million papers in foreign languages are circulated in America every week. There were approximately 33,000,000 in this country in 1910 who were either born abroad or under foreign home conditions and neighborhood environment. In all there are thirty-eight different language groups in the United States. The war has brought the acid tests to millions of these people, and most of them have proved loyal. But the troubles with the disloyal ones make it very plain that the bonds should be drawn very tight and Americanization must become an accomplished fact rather than an ideal.

source: Jerome County Times. (Jerome, Idaho), 27 Feb. 1919. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
— — — —

Jerome County Times., February 27, 1919, Page 3

Who Says It?

Slogging through the mud of France,
Camping in the rain;
Hiking in a frozen trance
Down some German plain;
“Fall in!” – hear the sergeant yell,
Far from home and clover;
Tell me, who the bally hell
Said the war “was over?”

Chow for breakfast – slum for noon –
Who says men are free
While the bugler’s foolish tune
Pipes the reveille?
“Right dress!” – hear the sergeant buzz
From Mainz across to Dover;
Tell me who the hell it wuz
Said the war “was over?”

Cleaning up a mass of wire,
Stained with clotted blood
Where the big trucks bog and mire
In the winter mud;
Full of filth and fleas and fuzz –
Cannoneer and drover,
Tell me who the fat-head was
Said the war “was over?”

– Grantland Rice

(ibid, page 3)
— — — —

Jerome County Times., February 27, 1919, Page 4


A meeting was held Friday evening at the school house in interest of a telephone system. The committee reported a favorable number of subscribers. Another meeting will be held Wednesday evening.

The enrollment of our school is over 70.

J. H. Silbaugh and Mr. Goff spent Wednesday and Thursday putting in new seats at the school house. They arrived just before school closed in the fall. As a health measure all pupils are required to gargle twice a day with salt water or listerine.

The high school pupils seem to have the flew, as none have returned to school since vacation.
— —

Arcadia Valley

Mrs. L. B. Fry is seriously ill at her home and Mrs. F. G. Truman is engaged to nurse the case.

Mrs. Haberman was on the sick list last week but is O. K. now. Her mother has been staying with her.

How did you stand when you went to school? Here is a little problem we want worked out and the answer handed in at Sunday school March 2: We closed the middle of October. If you were in the habit of bringing five cents each Sunday, how much should you bring to even up our accounts? A hearty thank you awaits each correct answer.

Our Red Cross sewing is ready and we need everyone to help.
— —

North Appleton

Mail was quite irregular on route 4 last week on account of the illness of our carrier, Ted Crocker. Before the route was installed some of us had to be satisfied with getting our mail once a week. Now it is hard to be patient if we miss one day.
— —

Eldorado Heights

R. H Griffiths is suffering from a severe attack of muscular rheumatism. He is some better at this writing.

(ibid, page 4)
— — — —

Jerome County Times., February 27, 1919, Page 5

Red Cross Notes

We are calling for help with the knitting. Have just received an allotment for scarfs, shoulder shawls, children’s sweaters with sleeves and children’s stockings.

More helpers are also wanted for the sewing, as we have on hand a new allotment of men’s shirts. Come and help us.

The committee for the emergency hospital would like all outstanding bills for the hospital sent to Mrs. Churchman.

(ibid, page 5)
— — — —

Jerome County Times., February 27, 1919, Page 8

High School Notes

Report cards were given out last week. That explains the big noise that rent the air over and over. Some of the students are realizing that if they do not do the work the grades on their report cards will take another tumble.

Sunday the high school marched in a body from the school building to the hall where the memorial services for our soldier boys was held. Every one felt well repaid after hearing the fine exercises of the afternoon.

The service flag of the high school was received last week. It is a large beautiful flag with 52 stars, two of which are gold stars.

The high school had only 12 tardy marks in the month ending Feb. 14. The senior boys and the sophomore girls have the best records. The senior boys have no tardy marks and only one boy was absent a half day and the sophomore girls were not tardy during the month but some were absent part of the time.

Miss Stewart gave a short program for the pupils and their parents on Friday, Washington’s birthday anniversary. The fruit jello and wafers served for refreshments were made by the girls of the domestic science class of the high school.

The students in the algebra, geometry and Latin classes have braced up and are making a determined effort to do the work as it should be done.

Oh, oh, say the freshies, what shall we do? We study and study and then can’t get through. No parties, no shows, no recess in fresh air, double lessons on Friday which after all may be fair.

(ibid, page 8)
— — — — — — — — — —

Idaho County Free Press. February 27, 1919, Page 1


Influenza In Schools

The third and fourth grades of the public schools are closed following the outbreak of influenza among a few pupils in the rooms.
— —

Frank C. Cowling Is Dead
Well-known Farmer Succumbs, Following Influenza

Frank C. Cowling, a well-known Camas Prairie farmer, died Monday in his home ten miles north of Grangeville. Death resulted from pneumonia, following Spanish Influenza. …
— —

Mrs. Shepherd, Riggins, Dies
Wife of Garage Man Succumbs After Short illness

Mrs. Mary Shepherd, wife of C. C. Shepherd, proprietor of the garage at Riggins, died Friday of last week, after an illness of brief duration. Mrs. Shepherd was aged 50 years. She is survived by her husband and several grown children by a former marriage. …

source: Idaho County Free Press. (Grangeville, Idaho), 27 Feb. 1919. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
— — — —

Idaho County Free Press. February 27, 1919, Page 6

Local News In Brief

Red Cross Notes — Red Cross headquarters have been removed from the A. & F. block to the hospital building. A shipment of muslin underwear has been received by the Red Cross and all women who can possibly do so are urged to visit the Red Cross rooms and sew on these garments. …
— —


Mrs. A. C. Lanningham, who has been nursing Bill Neil at Riggins came to Whitebird last Friday. She visited her daughter-in-law and friends for a few days, departing for her home in Grangeville Monday. Mrs. Charles Wilson and three children accompanied her.

The Whitebird branch of the Salmon river Red Cross will give a reception for returned soldiers, the evening March 7, in Harry Zerr’s hall. program commences at 8 o’clock sharp. A dance will follow the program. All boys in uniform will be honored guests.

(ibid, page 6)
— — — — — — — — — —

The Daily Star-Mirror., February 27, 1919, Page 1


New Outbreak Of Influenza Feared
Wave of Dread Disease Again Sweeping Over Many Sections of World

There is much apprehension of a return of the influenza epidemic which has taken such a terrible toll of lives in the past few months. Spokane is having a hard siege with a constantly increasing number of cases and reports of a recurrence of the disease come from many sources. In the Pomeroy and Dayton districts of Washington the disease is said to be very bad again.

The situation is causing much alarm. A Moscow man today received a letter from a friend in Chicago who is convalescing from his third attack of the disease. Spokane had 40 new cases yesterday and an appeal has been sent out to the citizens to help in providing automobiles to carry visiting nurses to the homes of the afflicted and for assistance in caring for what is feared will be a general return of the disease there.

There are no new cases in Moscow or vicinity, so far as reported, but the people are again warned to be very careful and take all steps necessary to prevent a spread of the disease should it reappear here.
— —

Reappears in England

London. — Deaths from influenza increased at an alarming rate last week, according to official figures issued today. The total number of deaths from this cause in 96 great towns of England and Wales was 3,046, as compared with 1,303 in the preceding week.
— —

Dr. Adair Sounds Warning

Dr. W. A. Adair, city health officer, warns the people of Moscow that great care must be used now, for the danger of a return of the epidemic is grave. He says that any cases of sore throat, tonsillitis or cold must be regarded as a case of influenza and the person so afflicted must remain at home and children from such a home must be kept out of school and out of the picture shows. “We are warned that a return of the epidemic now would prove more disastrous than previous waves of the disease. This was true in 1889-90, when more people died in February than in any other month. The quarantine rules in force during the epidemic are still in force and any suspicious cases must be treated the same as a well defined case until it is learned whether it is influenza or something less dangerous. It is difficult to tell, from first symptoms, whether it is influenza, tonsillitis, sore throat or a mere cold, and any symptoms of any of these must be carefully watched.”

source: The Daily Star-Mirror. (Moscow, Idaho), 27 Feb. 1919. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
— — — —

The Daily Star-Mirror., February 27, 1919, Page 3

City News

Mrs. C. C. Brown and received word from her son, Frank R. Brown, at Edmonton, Alberta, who has been seriously ill with influenza, that he is slightly improved.

Mr. Paul Hinchclif, who has been having the “flu” is again able to be out.

Miss Eva Kimberling, who is taking training as a nurse in the Sacred Heart hospital in Spokane, is home on a visit. she expects to return to Spokane soon.

(ibid, page 3)
— — — —

The Daily Star-Mirror., February 27, 1919, Page 4

Brief Local News

G. F. Savage returned Wednesday from Pomeroy. He says the farmers are much interested in pea growing and he did a good business with them. Mr. Savage came home on account of an epidemic of influenza which is sweeping that part of the country. Around and in Pomeroy 200 cases of the disease were reported. There were twenty cases in Dayton.

(ibid, page 4)
— — — — — — — — — —

The Nezperce Herald., February 27, 1919, Page 8


Local News

Cottonwood, Juliaetta and other points report a return of influenza outbreaks, but of the milder form.

source: The Nezperce Herald. (Nezperce, Idaho), 27 Feb. 1919. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
— — — —


(ibid, page 7)

Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 1)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 2)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 3)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 4)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 5)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 6)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 7)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 8)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 9)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 10)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 11)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 12)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 13)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 14)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 15)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 16)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 17)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 18)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 19)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 20)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 21)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 22)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 23)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 24)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 25)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 26)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 27)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 28)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 29)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 30)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 31)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 32)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 33)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 34)