Idaho History Dec 27, 2020

Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic

Part 37

Idaho Newspaper clippings March 1-6, 1919

Some photos are courtesy: the Mike Fritz Collection, History of Idaho
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March 1

Evening Capital News., March 01, 1919, Page 1


19190301ECN27,354,000 Fighting Men Paid the Supreme Sacrifice

Heaviest Price Paid By Russia With 1,700,000; Boches Second
U. S. Trails List With Loss in Battle and From Wounds of 50,000; France Third, 1,385,300, Austria Fourth.
Demobilization To Date Totals 1,301,959 Yanks
352,922 Troop Embarkations From France Up to Feb. 20; 2,056,122 Yankees Sent Overseas When War Ended.

Washington, March 1. — Seven million, three hundred and fifty-four thousand men died in the war, according to the official figures given out today by Chief of Staff March.

Russia paid the heaviest price, with 1,700,000 deaths, while Germany was second, France third and the United Sates last among the great powers.


source: Evening Capital News. (Boise, Idaho), 01 March 1919. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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Evening Capital News., March 01, 1919, Page 2


(ibid, page 2)
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Evening Capital News., March 01, 1919, Page 5

Around Boise Valley Loop


C. A. Hanson has recovered from an attack of pneumonia.

As a result of the Methodist church building in this city being used for public meetings, President John Smeed of the Commercial club has launched a campaign to secure the donation of liberty bonds at par to pay off the indebtedness of the church, which amounts to $8000.
— —


Mrs. John Stergeon is on the sick list.

(ibid, page 5)
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Evening Capital News., March 01, 1919, Page 8

Little News of Boise

New Semester

The second semester of the Boise schools commence Monday, March 3. Children six years old by April 1 are entitled to enter, and should be present from the very first day.

Some Crowd

Despite the disagreeable weather, hundreds of youngsters were on hand at the Majestic Saturday morning show, and stood for some time waiting for the doors to open.
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Deaths – Funerals

Carlson — Ella Johanna Carlson, wife of A. S. Carlson of Cascade, died this morning at a Boise hospital from a complication of diseases. She was 18 years of age. She is survived by her husband, also her father and mother, who reside at Lakeport. The remains will be shipped to Lakeport on Monday, and the funeral will be held on Tuesday afternoon. …

(ibid, page 8)
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The Daily Star-Mirror., March 01, 1919, Page 1


Influenza Again Appears In Moscow
Ten New Cases Discovered In Six Homes, All From High School Students

Influenza has reappeared in Moscow and today 10 cases are reported in six homes. There are five cases in one home. Dr. Adair, city health officer says these all came from high school students although it has been spread to students of the grades.

Drastic measures are to be adopted at once to stop the disease from spreading. Pupils of the schools will not be permitted to attend any public gathering. This includes both high school and grade pupils and they are forbidden to attend picture shows, dances, Sunday school and all other gatherings. No one living in a home where this is a case of tonsillitis or bad cold will be permitted to attend school or any public meeting. Dr. Adair issued the following statement:

“Owing to the fact that there are 15 or more cases of infectious colds and tonsillitis among the high school pupils and cases of influenza reported at the following places: A. Dillie, 309 South Asbury; D. House, 130 South Polk; H. Scheyer, corner of Mabel and Lind; Frank Price and Mr. Higgins on North Main, there being five cases at the latter.

“It has been decided after a conference with Superintendent Rich and the school board to prohibit all public school pupils from attending public gatherings. These include picture shows, dances, basket ball games and Sunday school, until further notice.

“Pupils will not be permitted to go to school from houses where there are cases of severe colds or tonsillitis.”
— —

Much Influenza Near Juliaetta
Nine Cases in One Family Requires Special Nurse – All Cases Are Mild

The third outbreak of influenza which has prevailed in Juliaetta and surrounding country during the last week seems now to be well-nigh spent.

Principal of Schools Earl Z. Crum, Mrs. Crum and their little daughter were all down with the disease at the same time. A trained nurse for them was secured from Kendrick and the family are all now about well.

On Fix ridge another family, Mr. and Mrs. William Heimgartner, are both down with the flu, but are reported to have it only in mild form.

The family of Robert Heimgartner, a brother of Will, took the disease, also his wife and five children, his hired man and his sister – nine in all – are down with the flu. The sister, who had come up from Clarkston to help take care of her brother and his family, contracted the disease promptly on arrival. The trained nurse who had taken care of the Crum family, left the first of this week to take care of the nine patients in the family of Robert Heimgartner. The patients are all reported as doing nicely.

Allen Aldrich, a bachelor living just below Juliaetta developed pneumonia, following and attack of the flu, but he too is reported to be convalescing at this time.

source: The Daily Star-Mirror. (Moscow, Idaho), 01 March 1919. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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The Daily Star-Mirror., March 01, 1919, Page 2

Dr. Barrows Returns.

Dr. F. L. Barrows, who left Moscow last April to serve in the medical corps of the army and was on the fighting front in France 60 days after leaving Moscow, is here on a short visit, having secured a 30 days’ furlough. Dr. Barrows was “gassed” and suffered other injuries from which he has not fully recovered and the war department will not discharge him until he is pronounced in a good physical condition as when he entered the army. Dr. and Mrs. Barrows are visiting friends in Moscow for a few days. Mrs. Barrows has been on the coast while her husband was in Europe. His many friends here are glad to welcome him back to Moscow, where he will probably return and take up his practice after he is discharged from the service. Dr. Barrows now has the rank of captain.

(ibid, page 2)
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The Daily Star-Mirror., March 01, 1919, Page 3

Dodge Ambulances.

The United States Marine hospital on Long Island uses a fleet of Dodge Brothers ambulances for transferring daily hundreds of incoming wounded soldiers of the American expeditionary forces from the docks to the hospitals in New York City and Brooklyn.

The ambulances consist of specially designed bodies mounted on Dodge Brothers commercial car chassis with extended wheel base.

Every illustration and every word concerning Dodge Brothers cars engaged in war work, or in the aftermath of war, as is the case of these ambulances, is another tribute to this wonderful car.

(ibid, page 3)
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Dodge Ambulance from 1918-19


source: Ram Trucks Vintage Photo Friday, Part I (1918-1935)
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March 2

Evening Capital News., March 02, 1919, Page 11


Around Boise Valley Loop


Mr. and Mrs. E. Wing, who were called here from their home in Buhl the first of the week to attend the funeral of their daughter, Mrs. James, returned home yesterday.
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J. M. Anderson, who has been quite ill for the last several weeks, is reported to be much improved.

The reception given last evening by the senior class of the rural high school at the high school auditorium to returning soldiers was a very enjoyable affair and was very largely attended.
— —


A number of families near the Pleasant View school are reported suffering from Spanish influenza.

E. H. Fikkan as been on the sick list this week.

Miss Genevieve Polley, who has been ill with tonsillitis, is much improved.

source: Evening Capital News. (Boise, Idaho), 02 March 1919. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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Evening Capital News., March 02, 1919, Page 12

Week’s Chronology in the Legislature


Feb. 26. — Passed almost $2,000,000 in appropriations, including biennial appropriations for the state asylums, feeble minded institute, penitentiary, Solder’s Home and Children’s home; … Monson bill giving financial relief to school districts wherein schools were closed because of influenza; …

(ibid, page 12)
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Cabarton Idaho ca. 1919 (1)


Photo courtesy: the Mike Fritz Collection, History of Idaho
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March 3

Evening Capital News., March 03, 1919, Page 5


Around Boise Valley Loop


J. M. Jackson is reported quite ill.
— —


Henry Peacock, a 16-year-old boy, lies in a serious condition at his home in this city as a result of having been shot in the left thigh Saturday night by Billy Buchanan at the entrance of the State rooming house, where the two had gone from Billy Grice’s pool hall.

According to a statement of young Peacock made to his parents, Buchanan had called him from the pool hall to show him a gun which he had just purchased and that after reaching the entrance to the State rooming house, it was discharged, the ball entering Peacock. It is understood that Buchanan claims that he did not know the pistol was loaded.

An operation for the extraction of the ball from Peacock’s body is to be performed tomorrow.
— —


Mrs. Bingman and children are confined to their home with the “flu.”
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The ladies of this vicinity are urged to assist in knitting for Red Cross as garments for the refugees are needed, especially children’s garments and the work can be obtained at the Red Cross rooms on Idaho street, between Seventh and Eighth, Boise.

A Child’s Welfare day program was given at the home of Mrs. J. E. Roberts, Friday afternoon. A good many mothers were present. Miss Minie Jellison of Boise gave a splendid talk on a subject which will be a benefit to those present. Mrs. Claud Frost gave a reading and two musical selections were rendered by Misses Ardis and Bessie Roberts.

source: Evening Capital News. (Boise, Idaho), 03 March 1919. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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Evening Capital News., March 03, 1919, Page 6

Roll of Honor
Northwest Casualties


Died of disease – Lieutenant Joseph H. Murray, Nampa; Maila Pitkin, Burley.


Died from accident and other causes – William A. Aberson, Corvallis
Died of disease – Benjamin E. Fisher, Elmyra.


Died of disease – Corporal Ellsworth E. Albertson, Mount Vernon.
Killed in action – Harry E. Requa, Seattle
Died from wounds – Elmer T. Jensen, Seattle.
Died, previously reported missing in action – Eugene C. Royse, Seattle.
Wounded severely – Dwight Hawley, Seattle; Clarence C. Reynolds, Spokane.
Wounded, previously reported killed in action – Corporal John Henry Fortner, Darrington.
Returned to military control, previously reported missing in action – Clark Cherry, Seattle.


(ibid, page 6)
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Evening Capital News., March 03, 1919, Page 7

Little News of Boise

Recovers From Flu.

W. H. Thorpe, former state fish and game warden, has recovered from a severe attack of the flu which he was taken down with shortly after leaving office.

Former Boise Woman Dead.

D. G. Farquhar, formerly connected with the Isis theater, had advised a Boise friend that he is now of the 318th company tank corps, stationed at La Pailly, France, having arrived in France on Oct. 30. He also states that Mrs. Farquhar, who will be remembered by many, passed away during the same month with the influenza at Salt Lake.

(ibid, page 7)
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The Daily Star-Mirror., March 03, 1919, Page 1


Order Quarantine In Moscow Again
New Cases of Influenza in Moscow Make Conditions Requiring Caution

There are a number of new cases of influenza in Moscow and some of them are regarded as serious. A meeting of Mayor Truitt, City Health Officer Adair, County Health Officer Stevenson and others was held today and it was decided best to stop all dancing, parties and basket ball games this week. The two games at the University of Idaho with the University of Washington team will be permitted, but no high school or public school students or pupils will be permitted to attend these or to attend any picture show or other gathering.

Most of the cases so far reported are confined to students of the high school and pupils of the grade schools but several new cases are reported among adults, including Professor and Mrs. Jonte, B. F. Rowe, deputy county treasurer and Mrs. W. F. Morgareidge, wife of Moscow’s postmaster.

Most of the cases appear to be in light form, but there are a few that are causing much uneasiness. If conditions improve by the end of the week the ban on school children attending meetings may be lifted, but Dr. Adair urges that the utmost care be used in reporting all suspicious cases and that any one with sore throat, tonsillitis or cough remain at home until it is learned that it is not influenza.
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Elks Ball Postponed

Owing to the influenza situation the Elks ball, which was to have been held tonight, has been indefinitely postponed. Announcement will be made when the next date for the dance is fixed.

source: The Daily Star-Mirror. (Moscow, Idaho), 03 March 1919. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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The Daily Star-Mirror., March 03, 1919, Page 4

Contribution Box

To the Editor of the Star-Mirror:

We have been talking about a community building which might give expression to the community spirit and respond to community needs.

May I call your attention to a very simple thing that if performed, would show a greater comprehension of neighborliness than almost anything else just now? It is the matter of cleaning the sidewalks.

Do we enjoy seeing our women folk wading slush to their ankles? In fact do any of us enjoy this laborious procedure? Is the present a good time to let our walks remain covered with slush when we are informed that the influenza is threatening its appearance again? It is practically impossible to walk along our streets and keep one’s feet dry.

I am informed that there is an ordinance requiring the occupants of houses within the city limits, to keep the snow shoveled off and making it a misdemeanor not to do so, punishable by a fine. I have not seen the ordinance and do not know its terms, but I know if there is one, it is not enforced.

But we ought to have enough community spirit and enough regard for the health and welfare of others to make such an ordinance unnecessary. This slush is likely to freeze and make travel exceedingly dangerous and if any one should be hurt the city would be liable in damages for the injury and the house occupant may be liable also. We would pick up a child that had fallen and been hurt, why not prevent the injury? It is worth while to talk big things about community enterprises when we are lacking in these elementary matters?

Yours truly, Alvin E. Evans

(ibid, page 4)
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P.A. Palmer Sawmill, Cabinet, Idaho


Photo courtesy: the Mike Fritz Collection, History of Idaho
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March 4

Evening Capital News., March 04, 1919, Page 6


Dr. C. S. Allen Receives Welcome Information That Brother Is Safe

A letter received by Dr. C. Sandford Allen of Boise conveys the welcome information that his brother, Captain W. D. Allen, with the medical corps of the Fifth division, U. S. A., is safe in Luxemburg, Germany, and has been promoted to the rank of mayor [sic].

Dr. Allen has been much concerned about his brother, the captain having been taken with a severe attack of Spanish influenza some months ago. Dr. Allen tried by cable to get into communication with his brother but failed, and did not know whether he was alive or dead until he received the letter from him this morning.

Major Allen writes that the Germans are doing everything possible to get into the good graces of the Yankee army of occupation he is with, but that the officers and men are holding themselves rather aloof, and discouraging familiarity. He says that the people of Germany invite them to dinner and try in every way to show their apparent friendship, but that he has learned that the boche cannot be trusted, and so have other officers as well as enlisted men. He writes that he has organized baseball, basketball and football teams in his command, and the boys have some hot battles every day with the Germans as a dull audience.

source: Evening Capital News. (Boise, Idaho), 04 March 1919. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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Evening Capital News., March 04, 1919, Page 7

How American Red Cross Doctor Let Sunshine Into Lives of the Refugees
Work of Dr. J. F. Roach Among Sick in Soissons – Chateau Thierry Region Was Typical of Good Deeds Done All Over France

By Victor M’Naught. Paris – (Special Correspondence.)


When the time comes to write an adequate story of the work of the American Red Cross in the war, it is doubtful whether one large volume will hold the history of the innumerable acts of humanity that have been performed. Surely no single organization has ever done more good in the name of the American people. My purpose now is to tell of a single bit of activity, a mission of good work carried on by a St. Louis doctor, which is typical of the spirit shown by the Red Cross all over France.

… As was bound to be the case, the returning families have been plagued with sickness, due to privation, exposure, lack of proper food, and general insanitary conditions. The influenza epidemic added new troubles to burdens borne no one knows how.

What Dr. Roach Found

Dr. J. F. Roach, who went to France from St. Louis a few months ago, was stationed for a while at Chateau Thierry, where he helped care for our sick and wounded soldiers. When the war ended and the hospital there was closed, Dr. Roach looked about him in the neighborhood, and found that the returning civilians were having a very hard time of it.

“I investigated conditions in the region between Chateau Thierry and Soissons,” Dr. Roach told afterward, “and found them so desperately bad that I sent word to the Red Cross headquarters in Paris at once for supplies. Without a moment’s hesitation the Red Cross sent out to me an ambulance and a motor truck, loaded with beans, lentils, canned milk, rolled oats, sugar, coffee, tea, bouillon cubes, shoes, layettes for the babies, sweaters, capes, socks, underclothes, cots and blankets. These were exactly the things that the sick, cold, and hungry people needed, and with my assistants I set to work at once to distribute them among the needy, and to get ready to take care of the sick.

“I held two clinics every day, one at Oulchy and one at Neuilly St. Front, where I had my headquarters. Every week my two nurses, my ambulance driver and I took care of from 400 to 600 people. We covered 30 towns in our work, and we were busy constantly. Those wonderful nurses; I shall never forget how faithfully they kept at it.

One Father’s Troubles

“I visited one home in Rozet St. Alban where four were lying ill with influenza. While I was there, the father of the family, a soldier on three days’ leave, came in with a priest. ‘I hope you will excuse me,’ the father said, ‘but the priest has come to bury my little boy.’ Then I noticed a box in the corner, which they carried out with them. I obtained an additional six days for the father, and did what I could to lighten his load. .

“I could enumerate scores of instances of hardship an suffering, but this one will stand as fairly representative; in a single room I found five children sick with influenza, and their mother was attending to them alone, although she had a baby only a week old. How people can live through such experiences almost passes understanding, but they do, and they manage to get well again.

“All our services were given free to the French people, even though they often tried to pay me. The middle class people with a little money saved up could not understand why I refused it.” …

(ibid, page 7)
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Evening Capital News., March 04, 1919, Page 9

Around Boise Valley Loop


Infant M’Kinley Dies

James Allen, the two-year-old son of Mr. and Mrs. Fred McKinley, died at their home in this city last night after an illness of only three days. Funeral services have not yet been made.
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The little son of Mr. and Mrs. White is reported ill at this writing.

The family of Elmer Stoops is ill with the “flu.”

(ibid, page 9)
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The Idaho Republican. March 04, 1919, Page 5


Local News

George Ezell was ill the last of the week and unable to attend to his duties as deputy sheriff.
— —


There are several cases of flu in this vicinity. The Tucker, Call and Ziegler families are the victims, but so far no pneumonia cases are reported.
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There was no Sunday school here last Sunday on account of so much sickness in the neighborhood.

Leonard Troutner is suffering with influenza-pneumonia and is very ill at this writing.

Mr. Moody and son William have been quite sick with the flu, but we are glad to report that they are much improved.

Mrs. E. N. Day is recovering from a two-weeks’ siege of the flu.

The Ropp family is quite sick with the mups [sic].

Dale Day, Ester and Don Inskeep were Sunday guests at the Ropp home.

Iris Inskeep has been acting as nurse at the Troutner home for the past week.

Jessie Thompson is on the sick list this week.

The storm Tuesday night and Wednesday was the worst we have had and it was indeed bad for the stock.

The dance given at Pingree Friday night was well attended.
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Good Attendance at Stock Show

The meeting of the Idaho Cattle and Horse Growers’ association was held in Boise last week. Close to 350 delegates have attended the convention at one time, but this year war conditions and the influenza situation in some parts of the state prevented a record-breaking attendance.

source: The Idaho Republican. (Blackfoot, Idaho), 04 March 1919. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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The Idaho Republican. March 04, 1919, Page 7

To Nurse Flu Patients

Mrs. H. A. Gardner left Saturday morning for Ogden, where she was called to be with relatives who are suffering with influenza.

Mrs. Gardner expects to return home the last of the week if everything goes nicely.
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Australians Wear Flu Masks.

Melbourne. — Because of prevalence of influenza, the government of Victoria has ordered every person appearing on the streets or in public gatherings to wear a mask.

(ibid, page 7)
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Sydney, Australia April 1919

In Sydney, Australia, nurses leave Blackfriars Depot in Chippenedale during the flu epidemic in April of 1919. NSW State Archives / Tara Majoor

source: Photos of the 1918 Flu Pandemic Alan Taylor April 10, 2018 “30 Photos of the 1918 Flu Pandemic” The Atlantic
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Bonners Ferry Herald. March 04, 1919, Page 4


Local Pick-ups

Mr. and Mrs. Allan DeWolf, of Cranbrook, B. C., are guests at the home of Mr. DeWolf’s parents, Mr. and Mrs. M. P. DeWolf. Shortly after coming here last week Mr. DeWolf became sick with the influenza. Mr. and Mrs. DeWolf returned home Sunday.

Mrs. J. T. Lawless recently returned from Spokane where she had been called by the illness of her daughter.

Miss Lillian O’Calaghan plans to leave Thursday for Spokane to resume her course in nursing at the Sacred Heart hospital.
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Great U. S. War Picture Comes
“America’s Answer” at Amazon Theater on Saturday night

“America’s Answer,” the second of the series U. S. official war film produced by the division of films, Committee on Public Information, with the object of showing to the people of the country, the details of America’s participation in the great war, will be presented at the Amazon theater on Saturday of this week.

The hundreds of scenes making up the feature, “American’s Answer,” have been selected and assembled from over 30,000 feet of films which were made under orders from Gen. Pershing and photographed by the signal Corps of the American Expeditionary Forces in France. The film has been viewed by Gen. Pershing and has his approval and he is the authority for the statement that it is a comprehensive accounting of his stewardship during the first year of the war.

The picture shows the transportation of American troops to France and the effective convoy work done by the U. S. navy.

It shows the enormous docks, refrigerating plants, and industrial assembling plants in France, the marvelous feats of the engineers in forestry, arranging port facilities, constructing miles of railroads and performing achievements that have astounded the French and British. An interesting feature of the film is that showing the arrival and landing of the American Expeditionary Forces, their movements to the camps and their daily life in the trenches and the rest camps. Also highly interesting scenes are shown of the American troops engaged in actual warfare. The real purpose to make American’s participation the deciding factor in winning the war is the one impression that is received upon viewing the film.

Another strong feature of this film be scenes showing how Camp Lewis was constructed and this is entitled “Over Here”. This film depicts the making of a city of 40,000 from a virgin forest in only 52 days.

source: Bonners Ferry Herald. (Bonners Ferry, Idaho), 04 March 1919. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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“America’s Answer” (USA, 1918)

America’s second official World War I feature film, produced by the Committee on Public Information. Copied from the files of the National Archives in Washington, DC.

1:01:33 courtesy Ron van Dopperen
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The Daily Star-Mirror., March 04, 1919, Page 1


Thirty Influenza Cases In Moscow

Dr. Adair announced that there are 30 influenza cases in Moscow and that 20 homes are quarantined with flags out. New cases today are at 411 S. Jackson, 435 E. 8th street, 122 N. Washington, 446 E. 8th, 725 E. Third, 334 North Washington, 105 N. Jackson, C. D. Bell, a man named Indy and another named Gossett, just outside of town. No town people will be admitted to the basket ball game tonight.
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Idaho Defeats The University Of Wash.

In a splendid exhibition of basket ball last night Idaho defeated the University of Washington by a score of 31 to 28. Idaho came from behind in the latter end of the game and defeated the visitors. The two teams play again tonight. Town people will not be admitted, because of the influenza in town.
— —

City Council Held Regular Monthly Meeting

At the city council last evening, Councilman Boyd, Conner, Morris, Nesbit, Richardson and Smith were all present. The usual business was transacted including the payment of claims. …

Rebates were allowed Robbins, Robinson and Tucker on their businesses on account of their businesses being closed 60 days during the influenza ban.
— —

Wireless Stations In The Far North
Natives Learning to Send and Receive Messages Through the Air

Cordova, Alaska. — By means of an efficient and far reaching system of education the aborigine of the far north, not only is able to send written communications through the mails, but also is being taught the scientific art of communication by wireless telegraphy.

During the recent influenza epidemic a superintendent in the Alaska School Service, anxious to learn whether this dread plague had invaded the native village on Atka Island, three hundred miles west of Unalaska in the north pacific ocean, sent a wireless message asking for a report on health conditions to that remote village from Anchorage, Alaska, and received the reply “No unusual sickness.”

This message of importance to the service was made possible because the United States bureau of education established a small wireless plant at the Atka Island government native school, where the teacher in charge is a wireless operator. The wireless apparatus was purchased at a necessarily small cost owing to the meager funds available, the resourceful teacher constructing his own aerial out of galvanized pipe, and with this improvised arrangement he has succeeded in transmitting messages a distance of three hundred miles to the Dutch Harbor station near Unalaska.

At Nurvik, Alaska where the U. S. bureau of education has established a wireless station in connection with the government native school the natives are also taught to operate the wireless. This is said to be the most northerly wireless station in the world.

source: The Daily Star-Mirror. (Moscow, Idaho), 04 March 1919. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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The Daily Star-Mirror., March 04, 1919, Page 2


Don’t Get Panicky.

There is no need for a panicky feeling over the influenza situation. There are a few mild cases in a few homes in Moscow. School children are being watched closely to prevent an outbreak in the schools, but there is no epidemic and no cause for general alarm. If people use ordinary care they can go about their business as usual with no danger of taking or spreading the disease. There is more need of caution than there is cause for alarm.

“Keep your heads cool and your feet warm” is advice that is given in influenza cases and there never was a time when it applied better than it does right now in Moscow.

(ibid, page 2)
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The Daily Star-Mirror., March 04, 1919, Page 3

City News

The Woman’s Home Missionary Society of the M. E. church has been postponed indefinitely on account of the influenza.
— —

Minors Get Jail Sentences.

Before Judge Strong four minors were fined $10 and costs, amounting to $15 for playing billiards in the billiard halls, violating the laws regarding minors. The boys were Ernest Estes, Earl Silvey, Guy Hazeltine and Harry Hazeltine.

The boys refused to pay the fines and were given the sentence of 10 days in the city jail.

(ibid, page 3)
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Street Scene, Caldwell, Idaho ca. 1916 (1)


Photo courtesy: the Mike Fritz Collection, History of Idaho
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March 5

Evening Capital News., March 05, 1919, Page 9


Around Boise Valley Loop


Mrs. Alice Fazier is reported quite ill.

J. M. Jackson has recovered from a brief illness.
— —


Rev. L. G. Knight, who has been quite ill for some time is staying in Boise this week for special treatment.

source: Evening Capital News. (Boise, Idaho), 05 March 1919. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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The Challis Messenger., March 05, 1919, Page 5


Purely Personal

Dudley Cameron has been on the sick list for the past week.

Mrs. Rodger Brasseur has been quite ill for the past week or so.

The stormy weather of the past week has made the roads of Central Idaho almost impassable. The road between here and Pahsamaroi is drifted full of snow in many places and the stage has difficulty in negotiating the trip.

source: The Challis Messenger. (Challis, Idaho), 05 March 1919. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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The Challis Messenger., March 05, 1919, Page 7

Idaho Legislature

Senator J. W. Tyler of Gem county, who has been kept from his duties for more than two weeks by an attack of influenza, has resumed his seat.

(ibid, page 7)
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The Challis Messenger., March 05, 1919, Page 8


In the District Court of the Sixth Judicial District, of the State of Idaho, in and for the County of Custer.

In the matter of the October, 1918, term of the District Court in and for said County.

The Judge of this Court, having heretofore, during the month of October, 1918, made an order postponing the regular October, 1918, term called to sit on the 21st day of October, until the 9th day of December, 1918, and having thereafter made a further adjournment of said term until the 16th day of December, both of such adjournments having been made on account of the prevalence of an epidemic of influenza in the County of Custer, Idaho;

And it now appearing to the Judge of the said Court that such epidemic has not entirely abated, and that certain quarantine regulations exist in the said country, making it difficult for parties litigant to attend at the county seat of said county;

And, further, that it is difficult for the officers or said Court to obtain accommodations at Challis, county seat of said county, while attending the said Court;

It is, therefore, ordered that a further postponement of said term of Court be made until the next regular term of Court there in to be held for the year 1919; and all causes now on the calendar of said Court, which might, or could be, heard during such term are continued until the next regular term of said Court.

Done at Chambers at Mackay, Idaho, this 16th day of December, 1918.
F. J. Cowen, District Judge.
— —

Teachers’ Examination

There will be an examination in the local subjects [Idaho Law and Civics, Manual of the course of Study and High School Curriculum] for applicants for endorsement certificates, Saturday, March 22, 1919, at Challis, Idaho.

Margaret Burnham, Co. Supt. Public Instruction.

(ibid, page 8)
— — — — — — — — — —

The Daily Star-Mirror., March 05, 1919, Page 1


Tightest Quarantine In History Of Moscow Now On

Bang! Down goes the lid. Everything is closed and closed tight. There will be no picture shows, church services, schools, prayer meetings or lodge meetings before next Monday. Perhaps the lid may be lifted then and perhaps it may be closed down tighter than ever. But the quarantine is on and it is reported there are between 50 and 60 cases of influenza in town now.

The University of Idaho, where there has not been a single case of influenza since last December, is not affected by the order, beyond the fact that there will be no one but the players, referee and officials at the basket ball game with W. S. C. of Pullman Friday night. Following is the order issued by the health officers and the report of the meeting at which this action was taken:

The health officers and the school board met this morning for the purpose of considering the “flu” situation. The health officers consider it serious, and the question came as to whether or not the schools should be closed.

During the discussion it developed that there were between 50 and 60 cases in the city. The majority of these are of a mild form, but there are a few serious cases, there being one case of pleuo-pneumonia.

Superintendent Rich reported that there were between 50 and 60 absences from the high school but there were relative few absentees from the grades. From the discussion had it appeared that this second epidemic has been brought on and spread from two sources: From the high school and from a conference held at Spokane, which was attended by a considerable number of Moscow citizens.

It is the belief of the health officers that a very large number of our citizens have been exposed to the disease, and for the purpose of stopping any further spread, they deemed it desirable to again place upon the city a rigid quarantine, requiring all individuals to minimize their movements so far as possible and to prevent all unnecessary gatherings, for a few days at least, and give time for those that have been exposed to develop the disease.

The following resolutions have therefore been adopted by the health officers and have been concurred in by medical men of the city.

“Whereas a large number of its inhabitants have been exposed thereto.

“Now therefore be it resolved that we the undersigned city and county health officers declare the following quarantine rules and regulations:

1st. That public schools shall be closed, and that all churches, picture shows, lodges and all other organized bodies shall hold no gatherings until such time as the quarantine may be lifted.

2nd. That all public school children shall remain at home, and not permitted to attend any gathering of any kind or character, and shall not be permitted to gather on the streets or indulge in visiting.

3rd. Pool halls, ice cream parlors and other places of amusement together with mercantile establishments will be governed by such restrictions as the health officers may deem necessary.

Warren Truitt, Mayor.
W. A. Adair, City Health Officer.
John w. Stevenson, county Health Officer.

We the undersigned physicians of the city of Moscow heartily concur in the above quarantine rules and regulations.

C. L. Gritman, F. W. Leitch, J. N. Clark.

It is the hope of the health officers that it will be possible for this ban to be lifted very shortly, another meeting will be held Sunday afternoon for the purpose of considering the situation, and if conditions will permit the ban will be lifted and the schools opened again on Monday, and the other restrictions removed. The closing of the schools for any considerable length of time means a great loss to the pupils of the district. The action taken by the health officers is for the purpose of putting a quick stop to the spread of the disease.

Any further loss of time will mean that the students in the senior class in the high school will be unable to graduate, and each of the various grades will lose a half year’s work.

The heath officers and the school board urge all the people of the city to lend their co-operation in again stamping out the prevalence of this disease, by respecting the quarantine regulations individually and collectively by minimizing their movements, and to consider all cases of colds and tonsillitis as influenza and to report the same to their physician.

The re-occurrence of the epidemic in Moscow can be traced to a very considerable extent to the fact that owing to the mild form of the disease, and the difficulty in determining the “flu” from ordinary colds, caused the disease to gain be spread to a very large extent.
— —

Idaho Wins From Washington Again
Bleamaster’s Champions Again Defeat University of Washington Team

By a score of 30 to 23 the University of Idaho champions defeated the University of Washington team in the second basket ball game of the series here last night. The night before Idaho won by a score of 31 to 28, but last night the champions played a better game and the score was not so close.

Idaho is nearer the northwest championship than ever. She has only lost two games, one each to the University of Oregon and W. S. C. She plays W. S. C. here again next Friday night but there will be no one admitted to the game on account of the influenza situation. Coach Bleamaster believes his team will beat W. S. C. the two remaining games to be played by the two teams. Oregon University is next to Idaho, having lost but three games. It defeated Idaho by one point. …

source: The Daily Star-Mirror. (Moscow, Idaho), 05 March 1919. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
— — — —

The Daily Star-Mirror., March 05, 1919, Page 2


While the influenza situation is not serious enough to cause alarm it should cause caution to be used by all. “An ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure” is an old and true saying that should be applied in Moscow now.

(ibid, page 2)
— — — —

The Daily Star-Mirror., March 05, 1919, Page 3

City News

The home department of the Historical club will not hold its meeting Friday afternoon, as had been announced at the home of Mrs. E. J. Iddings, on account of the prevalence of influenza.

The women’s faculty club of the university did not hold the meeting as announced on Tuesday, the session being postponed by the health authorities.

The N. B. B,. O. O. Sewing club will meet Friday afternoon at the home of Mrs. Frank Kelly.
— —

Bar Hunting From Planes
Shooting of Wild Fowl by Airmen With Machine Guns prohibited.

Washington — Shooting of wild fowl with machine guns from airplanes, the latest device employed by sportsmen along the Atlantic coast, has been forbidden by order of the director of military aeronautics. Instructions have been issued by the director to conduct all flights along the coast wherever migratory wild fowl may be found in such a manner to interfere as little as possible with the birds.

(ibid, page 3)
— — — —

The Daily Star-Mirror., March 05, 1919, Page 4

“Flu” Serum Useless
Physicians Are Still Hunting for a Preventive.
U. S. Laboratory Director Says No Cure for Baffling disease is Known.

New York — Considering that the insurance companies of the United States lost about $130,000,000 during the three months last year when the influenza epidemic was at its height, it was but natural that when the Association of Life Insurance Medical Directors met in annual convention in Newark the physicians and public health authorities should concern themselves almost exclusively to the search for some preventive measure which would preclude another outbreak of the plague.

And yet, although it was shown that about 6,000,000 people in the world perished from it, 400,000 of whom were Americans, all the medical experts admitted that the disease was completely baffling. Said Dr. G. W. McCoy, director of the hygienic laboratory of the public health service in Washington.

“There is no serum that I know of which is of the slightest value in preventing influenza, nor is there a serum that is of any use whatever in the treatment of the disease.” He made this statement after carefully experimenting with serums and vaccines in all parts of the country where the disease had broken out, and particularly in Pelham Bay and the army camps where the mortality was great.

(ibid, page 4)

[see Vaccines below for McCoy’s study.]
— — — — — — — — — —

Cambridge, Idaho


Photo courtesy: the Mike Fritz Collection, History of Idaho
— — — — — — — — — —

March 6

Evening Capital News., March 06, 1919, Page 7



Rev. J. J. Pacey is quite ill.

A message from Donovan, Neb., states that Horace Montgomery, who spent several months here last fall, is seriously ill.

Mr. Landsbury is improved in health but will sell his cows as he is unable to care for them.

source: Evening Capital News. (Boise, Idaho), 06 March 1919. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
— — — —

Evening Capital News., March 06, 1919, Page 9

Around Boise Valley Loop


Harry Tolleth and little daughter Dorothy left this morning for Fairburg, Neb., to visit the father of the former who is quite ill.
— —


Mrs. H. C. Taylor and her sister, Mrs. C. M. Thompson, of Cimmarron, Kan., who is visiting her, visited in Boise yesterday with Mrs. Isaac Gunpart, who is ill.
— —


Mrs. John Sturgeon who has been very ill is reported much better.

(ibid, page 9)
— — — — — — — — — —

The Daily Star-Mirror., March 06, 1919, Page 1


The Influenza Outlook Is Better
A Number of New Cases Reported But General Conditions Are Improved

Despite the fact that a number of new influenza cases are reported, general conditions are causing much optimism and there are bright prospects that the ban will be lifted Monday if conditions continue to improve. It is believed now that many of the cases thought to have been influenza are tonsillitis, colds and other slight ailments that are not contagious. Many of these who were taken sick several days ago have recovered and there are very few serious cases in town.

New cases are reported at eight different homes in Moscow today. There are more than one case in several of the homes. Dr. W. A. Adair, city health officer, gave the following homes as having been quarantined today: 340 North Washington; 322 North Van Buren; 210 South Jackson, one on West A street; corner Howard and Second; one on North Adams, three cases at the Eggan apartments, one on West Third and one on South Main street.

Children are forbidden to be on the streets, except on business and are not permitted to visit other homes or congregate in large numbers anywhere. The closing of all places of amusement will prevent crowds gathering and it is believed that, if proper care is used, everything will be opened Monday as usual, but people are urged to obey all regulations and help stamp out the disease quickly.

Dr. Adair warns all who have any suspicious symptoms, such as sore throats, cold or temperature to remain at home for all such homes will be quarantined. All members of a family where such symptoms are noted must also remain at home. If they do not do this voluntarily they will be placed under quarantine.
— —

Fourteen Thousand Soldiers Return Home

New York. — The steamship Leviathan, formerly the German “Vaterland” the largest passenger ship afloat, arrived here today with 10,000 troops of the 27th division.

The transport Carona, also arrived today from Brest, with 122 officers and 3,782 colored troops, majority of whom are from the 92nd division.

source: The Daily Star-Mirror. (Moscow, Idaho), 06 March 1919. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
— — — —

The Daily Star-Mirror., March 06, 1919, Page 3

City News

Mrs. H. Lebold of Palouse visited yesterday with her husband, who is ill in a Moscow hospital.

Mrs. John Myer of Genesee visited yesterday with her daughter, Mrs. Tabor, who is ill at a Moscow hospital.
— —

Postpone Tourney Until March 20-21

The state high school basket ball tournament has been postponed one week on account of the “flu” threat in the city of Moscow. The strict quarantine which was clapped on Wednesday is only a stringent precaution, and it is hoped that its strict enforcement for a week or ten days will be sufficient to beat the return of the epidemic which was feared as a result of a few cases developing this week.

The university is still absolutely free of the disease, and, by changing the dates to March 20-21 there is a strong probability that the tourney can be held.

Intense interest in the meet is prevalent in south Idaho. The southeastern section is the scene of a lively scrap centering around Blackfoot and Sugar City, but including a half dozen other strong contenders for the district championship.

In the central section Gooding puts up a high claim for honors.

The additional week will give the south Idaho teams plenty of time to settle district honors beyond a doubt. The keen competition in that part of the state indicates that the teams from below the mountains will fight hard for the pennant in the finals at Moscow.

(ibid, page 3)
— — — — — — — — — —

The Nezperce Herald., March 06, 1919, Page 1


County Sunday School Convention March 21

The Lewis County Sunday School Association will hold its annual convention in Reubens and Nezperce on Friday, March 21. The morning and afternoon sessions will be held at Reubens and an evening session will be held at the Brethren church in Nezperce. This convention was to have been held last fall, but the influenza epidemic necessitated its postponement, and the program which was to have been given then is to be followed at the coming meetings as nearly as possible. …

source: The Nezperce Herald. (Nezperce, Idaho), 06 March 1919. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
— — — —

The Nezperce Herald., March 06, 1919, Page 2

News of Our Neighbors

Joseph M. Pedigo, a former resident of Vollmer, died of pneumonia resulting from influenza, at Yakima, Washington, February 14. He leaves a married sister, a brother, F. F. Pedigo, and a son to mourn his demise. – Ilo Register.

(ibid, page 2)
— — — —

The Nezperce Herald., March 06, 1919, Page 7

Local and Personal News Notes

Cashier Ernst Wienss of the Union State Bank is confined to his home this week by a mild attack of the flu.

Cashier Ernst Wienss is out after being confined to his home a few days by a light attack of the flu.

The many friends of C. W. Felt are glad to know that he is able to be up after a severe illness covering the past ten days.

R. J. Bowman, bookkeeper for the Nezperce Hardware Co., was called to his home at Line, Wn., yesterday morning on account of the serious illness of his child.

Springtime is on the job again today.
— —

Public School Notes

The basket ball game last Saturday night resulted in a score of 25 to 15 in favor of the Nezperce High School. … On the coming Saturday night the Kamiah High School will play the Nezperce second team. Everybody come out and “root.”

Next Wednesday, Supt. Skinner will take the High School ball team to Moscow for the annual basket ball tournament. Fully fifteen Idaho high school teams are expected at the tournament and the Nezperce boys are expecting to pull down their share of honors.

(ibid, page 7)
— — — —

The Nezperce Herald., March 06, 1919, Page 8

Central Ridge News

The many friends of Mrs. Will Ingram are sorry to hear that she is ill again.

Church services were held at the Central Ridge school house Sunday evening by Rev. Pearson.
— —

Route 2 News

Mrs. M. D. Young has been at Walla Walla the past month taking treatment for heart trouble, which was an after effect of the flu, which attacked her a couple of months ago. At last reports her condition is so much improved that she considers herself now almost recovered.

Clarence Tupper recently returned from an eastern army cantonment. While in the army he spent several months in the hospital from a double attack of the flu.

Our mail man has been considerably behind schedule time lately . He lays it to the bad roads.

(ibid, page 8)
— — — — — — — — — —

The Emmett Index. March 06, 1919, Page 1


In Quarantine

A case of small pox developed in Emmett last week, the patient being Mrs. C. B. Taylor, who is here from Denver to spend a few weeks with her cousin, Miss Roseberry, commercial teacher in the High school. Every precaution was taken from the moment it was discovered, and as a further precautionary measure, Miss Margaret Cupp, who was rooming in the Fairchild home, where the case developed, is remaining from her school duties, pending possible contagion. The strictest quarantine has been observed and no spread of the disease is anticipated. Mrs. R. M. Burlingame is filling Miss Cupp’s position during her absence, and Miss Lois Yeck is taking care of Miss Roseberry’s classes.

source: The Emmett Index. (Emmett, Idaho), 06 March 1919. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
— — — —

The Emmett Index. March 06, 1919, Page 3

News of Gem County
By The Index’s Correspondents

South Slope
By Mrs. C. W. Cook

Mrs. Anthony Peterson’s mother is quite ill near the Howard Harper ranch.

Laura Carpenter was sick the past week.

Henry Obermeyer put in considerable time grading a long stretch of the south Slope road last week, only to have one of the hardest, drenching rains follow to muddle the whole thing. However, it will shed the water more quickly and soon be hard and dry and better than ever.
— —


The flu scare was simply a scare as we have not heard of any cases, though it disorganized school for a couple of weeks.

Mrs. Cummings took the nurse, Mrs. Hoyt, to the train Friday morning, when she left for Emmett. Her patients have recovered.

Mrs. Al Wilson is reported as improving in health this week.

Fred Stowe, Mrs. Kiser’s son who is very ill with spotted fever, was today (Wednesday) thought to be a little better.

Clarence Kirk is back on his job working for the Van Deusens, after a lay off on account of a bad hand. He bruised it and it became inflamed and the doctor lanced it. He is doing the easy jobs, as the hand is still far from well.
— —

By Mrs. R. E. Noland

R. E. Noland received a letter from his sister, who lives in Jarbridge, telling of the death of her oldest son Edgar Smith and his wife, which occurred Feb. 13 and 17th. They died from influenza and leave a family of eight children, who will be cared for by relatives. The Smith family used to live at Sweet.

The infant daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Eaton is improving.

Mrs. I. W. Stoddard expects to return home this week from Boise, where she has been for some time receiving medical treatment.

Miss McSparran is teaching the primary room in the Horseshoe Bend school.
— —


Frank, Ollie and Oliver Bowman were called to be with their mother, who has been quite sick, but who is better now.

J. e. Irbey, the High Valley ranger, was in Ola Tuesday. He reports about five feet of snow there.

The postoffice at Gross was discontinued on Feb. 28.
— —

By Mrs. J. I. Guthrie

On Friday evening, March 14, the teachers and pupils of the Hanna school will give a program which promises to be very entertaining. The program will be followed by a box supper. The Hanna ladies have won quite a reputation for their handsome boxes and their delicious lunches which have helped to make our box suppers a decided success. This one will be no exception, and all hungry young men must provide themselves with well filled purses. The proceeds of the evening will be used for the purchase of a school bell.
— —

Haw Creek
By Mrs. E. Tennyson

Mrs. S. T. Johnson, who has been quite sick with spotted fever, is now able to be up again.

(ibid, page 3)
— — — —

The Emmett Index. March 06, 1919, Page 4

Emmett News

Mrs. Ora Bever went to Boise yesterday to attend the funeral of G. M. Greene, which was held today.
— —

By E. F. Wells

Looks like we might have more snow. We are sure having mud.

Elson McGee is back from the army. Eldon says they were about half way across the pond when they received orders to return to the United States.

(ibid, page 4)
— — — —

The Emmett Index. March 06, 1919, Page 5

Emmett News

Mrs. Joel Brown returned Saturday from a 10-days’ visit in Boise, where she went for medical attention, following an operation on the nose a few weeks ago. Mrs. Brown finds it very hard to recuperate her strength since experiencing an attack of influenza.

Mr. and Mrs. John Hillmon of Cascade, who have been in Emmett a few days for medical treatment, returned home Wednesday.

(ibid, page 5)
— — — —

The Emmett Index. March 06, 1919, Page 6

Upper Mesa
Mrs. Geo. R. Parks

Fred Baisch returned home Tuesday from St. Louis, where he had gone last week to bring home his son Henry, who has been sick for some time. Henry is still quite ill.

(ibid, page 6)
— — — —


(ibid, page 7)
— — — — — — — — — —

Science Further Reading:

“The Medical and Scientific Conceptions of Influenza”

The search for the cause and vaccine.

source: Stanford University
— — — —


Serums were a “convalescent plasma”: blood plasma extracted from an animal or human patient who has “convalesced” or recovered from infection with a particular disease.

— — — —


Many vaccines were developed and used during the 1918–1919 pandemic. The medical literature was full of contradictory claims of their success; there was apparently no consensus on how to judge the reported results of these vaccine trials. … The most widely used, and historically the most interesting, was the vaccine produced by Edward C. Rosenow of the Mayo Clinic’s Division of Experimental Bacteriology. Rosenow argued that the exact composition of a vaccine intended to prevent pneumonia had to match the distribution of the lung-infecting microbes then in circulation. For that reason, he insisted that the composition of his vaccine had to be frequently readjusted. His initial vaccine consisted of killed bacteria … He later dropped Pfeiffer’s bacillus entirely. The Mayo Clinic distributed Rosenow’s vaccine widely to physicians in the upper Midwest. …

McCoy arranged his own trial of the Rosenow vaccine produced by the Laboratories of the Chicago Health Department. He and his associates worked in a mental asylum in California where they could keep all subjects under close observation. They immunized alternate patients younger than age 41 on every ward, completing the last immunization 11 days before the local outbreak began. Under these more controlled conditions, Rosenow’s vaccine offered no protection whatsoever. McCoy’s article appeared as a one-column report in the December 14, 1918, edition of the Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA)

source: The State of Science, Microbiology, and Vaccines Circa 1918

Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 1)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 2)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 3)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 4)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 5)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 6)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 7)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 8)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 9)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 10)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 11)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 12)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 13)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 14)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 15)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 16)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 17)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 18)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 19)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 20)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 21)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 22)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 23)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 24)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 25)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 26)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 27)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 28)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 29)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 30)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 31)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 32)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 33)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 34)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 35)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 36)