Idaho History Feb 14, 2021

Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic

Part 44

Idaho Newspaper clippings March 22-27, 1919

Photos courtesy: the Mike Fritz Collection, History of Idaho
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March 22

The Daily Star-Mirror., March 22, 1919, Page 1

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source: The Daily Star-Mirror. (Moscow, Idaho), 22 March 1919. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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Evening Capital News., March 22, 1919, Page 5

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Around Boise Valley Loop

Caldwell

Miss Edna Askey is reported quite ill.

Ustick

Mr. and Mrs. James Mead and niece, Lorene Morgan of Appleton City, Mo. who have been detained at the J. S. Smith home for several weeks on account of Mrs. Mead’s illness, left Wednesday for North Yakima, Wash., to visit Mrs. Mead’s sister. They wish to thank the people of Ustick for the many kindnesses shown them and for flowers sent and especially Mr. and Mrs. Smith for so graciously giving the use of their home for their comfort, and sincerely hope if any who made their stay so pleasant are ever taken ill among strangers as did Mrs. Mead that they will be so fortunate as to receive as good treatment as she received while here.

Midway

Mr. and Mrs. Arthur Randolph were called to Riverside Monday by serious illness and death of her brother, Henry Jordon.

Everett Randolph and family of Missouri, who are visiting at the home of Mrs. Arthur Randolph, and who have been so seriously ill with the flu, are reported some better.

Meridian

Mrs. R. V. Wolf has been called to Ohio by the serious illness of a sister.

Maple Grove

Joseph Roberts is quite ill.

Ralph Hoznick, who has been in St. Luke’s hospital since before Christmas, is recovering and is expected to be able to return home soon.

source: Evening Capital News. (Boise, Idaho), 22 March 1919. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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Evening Capital News., March 22, 1919, Page 8

Little News of Boise

Grandjean Better

Emil Grandjean, forest supervisor of the Boise reserve, who has been ill for the past month, is now able to be up and about home. Mr. Grandjean had an attack of influenza early in the winter, which left him weak, and he suffered an attack similar to the grippe a month ago.
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Discuss Nurses’ Association

Miss Emma Grittinger, head of the visiting nurses’ department of the Red Cross for the northwest division, met with representatives of eight civic organizations Friday night at the Owyhee hotel and discussed forming a visiting nurses’ association in Boise. Mrs. Grittinger explained what had been accomplished in other places by such an organization and its value. The representatives were asked to report back to their organizations on their actions at another meeting to be held at the hotel. H. K. Fritchman, representing the Boise Commercial club, presided.
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Snow Deep

Tom Newell, a Boise youth in the employ of the United States Geological survey, in a letter to G. Clyde Baldwin, district engineer, writes that the snow is deep at the Blackfoot reservoir and tells of having to remove three feet of snow and cut through a foot and a quarter of ice to get the measurement of a stream near Blackfoot.
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Two Get Caught

A. T. Wilson and E. Eldridge were caught in the act of speeding their automobiles up around the limit yesterday, with the result that they registered at the Hays Inn and left a $5 bond each for their appearance at 5 o’clock today.

(ibid, page 8)
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Deary, Idaho ca. 1918 (1)

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Photo courtesy: the Mike Fritz Collection, History of Idaho
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March 23

Evening Capital News., March 23, 1919, Page 8

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Around Boise Valley Loop

Star

Mrs. Lon Bass is confined to her home with the flu.

Mrs. Duncan is reported ill.

Dr. Spencer of Boise was in Star Saturday on business.

source: Evening Capital News. (Boise, Idaho), 23 March 1919. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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Evening Capital News., March 23, 1919, Page 10

Little News of Boise

Annual Roll Call

Boise camp No. 150, Woodmen of the World, will stage its annual roll call meeting on the night of March 26. Big times are planned on that night by the foresters. It is predicted the attendance will reach the 300 mark, as this is the first roll call meeting in several years, former events of the kind having been postponed on account of the war and earlier in the winter this year because of influenza.

For Armenian Fund

Forty-seven dollars and seventy-five cents was the contribution brought to Boise Saturday afternoon for the Armenian relief fund by Miss Pearl Cox, principal of Locust Grove school near Meridian. The money was raised Friday night at a box social given at the school by residents of the district. The affair was the first to be held at the school since it was closed because of influenza.
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Red Cross Clothing Drive

Monday is the official date for the opening of refugee clothing drive by the Boise chapter of the Red Cross. Ten tons of clothing suitable for the half naked, hungry and homeless people of war robbed Europe is asked. This will probably be the last clothing call made. The quotas must be filled by Saturday night and shipment made on that date. Clothing is being received in the vacant store building on Idaho street, adjoining the McCarty block.
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Meeting At Barber Monday

M. S. Parker, field secretary of the Idaho Anti-Tuberculosis association, will give an illustrated health lecture at Barber Monday evening at 7:45 o’clock. The place of meeting will be announced in posters. The pictures he will show on the canvas are high class and will no doubt be much enjoyed by those who attend.
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Secretary Ill

J. K. White, secretary to Governor Davis, has been ill the past few days and is in one of the Boise hospitals. His condition is improving and it is expected he will be able to attend to his duties this week.
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Bad Road Prevents Crowd From Emmett Driving to Boise

The bad conditions of the road between Star and the Gem county line prevented many Emmett people from motoring to Boise Saturday night to attend the “Country Cousin” at the Finney theater.

This statement was made Saturday evening by A. A. Richards, the well known Emmett fruit grower, who drove his brother, Judge J. H. Richards to Boise, and found the road in Ada county in bad condition. He reports that the road up Freezeout hill to the Gem county line is a boulevard and it can be driven without encountering any bumps or mud holes. After crossing the county line, he states, mud holes, ruts and sudden raises are encountered in almost constant succession, making the trip hard on the machine and passengers and rather than drive that distance a big party forewent the pleasure of attending the play.

Mr. Richards states Emmett people would like to see Ada county work the road and keep it in as good condition as that as the Gem county side.

(ibid, page 10)
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Evening Capital News., March 23, 1919, Page 21

Boise High School Basket Ball Quintet Closes Good Season With High Honors

by Louis Boas

Boise high school in the field of basketball has just completed one of its most successful seasons. Successful not only because they won most of their contests, but because when they did lose, they were sports enough to want to come back again. For every defeat they received, the boys retaliated by trimming their opponents in a return encounter.

With but one letter man of the 1917-18 season back at the start of this season, the outlook of basket ball for Boise for 1918-19 was rather dull. At the first practice, however, a number of the preceding seasons’ “scrubs” were on hand and the dark cloud showed more plainly its silver interior. Because of the influenza ban, the season’s practice was really not begun until after Feb. 1. …

(ibid, page 9)
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Evening Capital News., March 23, 1919, Page 28

Idaho Pioneer Dies

Stephen V. Osburn, one of the earliest and best known pioneers of the Coeur d’Alene district, died Thursday morning at a local hospital from hardening of the arteries. Mr. Osburn was stricken with influenza in the fall and has been in failing health since that time.

In the passing of “Uncle Billy” Osburn, founder of the town of that name, the Coeur d’Alene district has lost one of its best known and most popular characters, he having been popular in the “pioneers of ’83.” This is a little band that is rapidly dwindling. He played a prominent part in the history of the camps in this section and participated in the rushes to Murray and Eagle. — Press-Times, Wallace.

(ibid, page 28)
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De Lamar, Idaho ca. 1910 (1)

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Photo courtesy: the Mike Fritz Collection, History of Idaho
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March 25

Evening Capital News., March 25, 1919, Page 7

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In The Philippines

Mr. and Mrs. Prosper Aveline have received a letter from their son, Dhona Aveline, announcing that he was in the Philippines and had no idea when he might get home. He joined the navy in September, spent three months at Goat island in quarantine because of influenza, and sailed Dec. 5. His parents had not heard from him for three months. He wrote a newsy letter of his experience in the service and while he likes the navy, states he is ready to come home if he can get a release.
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Washington Looks Bad

George Washington, the nation’s first president and “Father of His Country,” looks bad. In fact, he is all but falling to pieces. His condition is such that the capitol building commission decided to hold a conference on his case. Accordingly Governor Davis, State Treasurer Eagleson and Secretary of State Jones, accompanied by a local decorator, viewed him mounted on a charger on the statehouse ground. It was decided that this somewhat remarkable piece of wood carving should be given a generous coat of filling and paint, over which a gilded finish will be added.

source: Evening Capital News. (Boise, Idaho), 25 March 1919. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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Conservation of The George Washington Statue

GeorgeWashingtonStatue-aThe George Washington Equestrian statue was carved by Charles L. Ostner out of yellow pine wood in 1869. It was a gift to the pioneers of the Idaho Territory and stood outside of the Territorial Capitol in Boise until the building was removed to make room for the current Idaho State Capitol building.

The statue was restored and gilded in 1966 and placed on display in the 2nd floor rotunda. During the Capitol Restoration Project Project, from about 2007 to 2010, it was stored and crated on site and eventually relocated to the 4th floor rotunda Statuary Hall entrance.

The old base of the statue had to be taken apart for the move. The base that supports it now on the 4th floor is made from black marble of the old base and wood from historic trees that needed to be removed from the Capitol building grounds during the restoration project. It was cleaned and re-gilded for the Grand Re-opening of the Capitol in 2010.

source: Capitol Commission
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see also:

Painter, Sculptor, and Wanderer Charles Ostner Gets Paid

By Evan Filby – South Fork Companion

OstnerGWashingtonStatue-aOstner statue on the capitol grounds, Ostner’s wife – center – and two daughters at the base. J. H. Hawley photo.

On January 15, 1869, the Idaho legislature appropriated $2,500 to reward artist Charles L. Ostner for the equestrian statue of George Washington he had recently presented to the state.

Born in Baden, Germany in 1828, Ostner emigrated to the U.S. around 1848-1850. Stories that pose him as an untutored natural genius are just that … stories. In reality, Charles received an early grounding in art at the University of Heidelberg and made a living as a sculptor, sketch artist, and photographer before coming to Idaho. …

In 1862, gold excitement in Idaho attracted him to the Territory. By 1864, he had moved his family to the Garden Valley area. There, he had a small ranch and operated a toll bridge over the South Fork of the Payette River.

Historian Arthur Hart noted Ostner’s propensity for taking advantage of attention-grabbing events to sell his art, and the shoe seems to fit. H. T. French’s History presents the “untutored hobbyist” myth and what is almost certainly a fanciful tale about the George Washington statue. This major work supposedly grew out of deep-felt admiration for the “Father of our country.”

The story began with an almost mystical selection of the perfect yellow pine. The carving itself then required four years of winter nights – the only spare time he had – in freezing conditions, the only light provided by home-made tallow candles held in the trembling, crudely-wrapped fingers of his son. This fable even had a nice added touch: Ostner’s only model was the likeness of Washington printed on a postage stamp.

Charles finished the statue in 1868, then moved his family to Boise and “gave” the bronzed figure to the state. No doubt the inspiring story of this untutored genius, persevering through such terrible trials, got wide circulation. Some proposed a handsome award of $7 thousand, but the young Territory could only afford $2,500. …

excerpted from: South Fork Companion (search for title)
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Evening Capital News., March 25, 1919, Page 9

Around Boise Valley Loop

Prominent Caldwell Farmer Dies In Oregon

Caldwell, March 25. — Frank Gillilan, a prominent farmer and stockman of this city, died yesterday morning in a hospital at Hot Lakes, Ore., from a complication of diseases following the Spanish influenza. Mr. Gillilan located in Canyon county last year from Wyoming and made large investment in farm lands near Claytonia. Last fall he moved to this city and but recently had gone to eastern Oregon to look after property holdings and while absent was stricken. He is survived by his wife, his parents and three brothers. Funeral arrangements have not yet been announced, but it is thought that his body will be brought to this city for burial.

M’Dermott

Grandma Snell returned to her home near here after spending three months in St. Luke’s hospital.

Star

Mr. and Mrs. G. W. Chinn received word from the hospital at Fort Riley, Kan., Monday morning, stating that Sergeant Walter Chinn’s condition is much improved.

(ibid, page 9)
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The Idaho Republican. March 25, 1919, Page 2

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Goshen

Miss Wells, teacher of the Goshen school, is ill with the flu.

Two children of Mrs. Wren are ill at this writing.

Mrs. Belle Hess, who has been very ill, is much improved at this writing.
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Idaho Budget

The Idaho Congress of Mothers’ and the P. T. A. feel that they were exceedingly fortunate in getting two measures in which they were interested passed by both houses of the legislature, the county nurse bill and the bill providing for a bureau of child hygiene.

The campaign for victory gardens is already well under way in Idaho. Food production is still a pressing necessity, and both men and women owning a little plot of ground in the towns can help by growing as much as they can to feed themselves.
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Inland Northwest

The epidemic of influenza visiting Bozeman, Mont., and vicinity at this time, the third wave of the disease, has been light in most instances, but the death toll is becoming more apparent during the progress of the epidemic and a number of severe cases have developed into pneumonia and have been fatal to the victims.

The county of Fergus will bring suit against the city of Lewiston, Mont., unless the sum of $1,291.9 [sic] is paid immediately for the care of patients at the county farm hospital during the recent influenza epidemic. Practically all the patients were nonresidents of Lewiston.

source: The Idaho Republican. (Blackfoot, Idaho), 25 March 1919. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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The Idaho Republican. March 25, 1919, Page 4

Moreland

Ernest Cobbley is visiting friends in this neighborhood. At this time he is suffering with the flu.

The Robert Adams and Jones families are flu suffers at the present writing.

The Ray Baxter family have recovered nicely from influenza.

The infant baby of George Leavitt is very ill at the present.

The infant child of Mr. and Mrs. Harrison McKnight is very ill at this writing.

John England Sr. is slowly improving from his recent illness.

Mrs. Crellic is suffering with blood poisoning at this writing.

(ibid, page 4)
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The Idaho Republican. March 25, 1919, Page 5

Sterling

R. A. Ward is expected home soon from Malad, where he was celled to the bedside of his brother, who was seriously ill, and who has since died.
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Moreland

The little child of Ray Baxter had a very narrow escape from death. It was apparently a case of ptomaine poisoning, but the doctor arrived in time to save the child’s life.
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Mr. Hatcliff Returns

L. G. Hatcliff returned last week from Kansas, where he went on the sad journey with the remains of his wife, who died at Pocatello on the sixteenth of February.

Mr. Hatcliff brought all the children back with him, and his wife’s sister Mrs. Ida Alloway who will help them get settled in a home Mr. Hatcliff has rented the Swan Berg farm below Rockford.
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France Hospital Re-Opened

The France hospital at the corner of Judicial and Oak streets has been thoroly [sic] done over and is fresh and attractive and is now open for use as a maternity hospital.

Arrangements may be made in advance by addressing the undersigned. Prices reasonable, and good care assure. Mrs. Dora France.

(ibid, page 5)
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Bonners Ferry Herald. March 25, 1919, Page 1

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Mrs. W. S. Walker Very Sick

The following letter received this week from Senator W. S. Walker explains why Senator and Mrs. Walker have been missed here since the closing of the session of the legislature:

Fruitland, Idaho, March 15, 1919.

“My Dear Mr. King:

I am giving account of our delay in returning home and through your valuable paper, to our other friends who may be interested.

“We stopped off at Ontario, Oregon, to visit some oldtime friends, one week ago tonight. The Knights of Columbus had a grand gathering that night to welcome returned soldiers and we could not get a bed in town. Finally, at near midnight, a woman away out in the suburbs, agreed to house us. She had the room and bed prepared within an hour. Mrs. Walker, none to hale, took a severe cold and has been confined to her bed ever since. Yesterday she came near dying; three doctors have her condition better today but we cannot conjecture when we shall be able to reach home. We are treated perfectly well but everything hangs on her recovery.”

source: Bonners Ferry Herald. (Bonners Ferry, Idaho), 25 March 1919. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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Bonners Ferry Herald. March 25, 1919, Page 2

Modern Woodmen Hard Hit

Chicago. — As a result of a 300 per cent increase in the death rate within the Modern Woodmen of America since November 1 last, chargeable to influenza and pneumonia, the head camp officials will meet here in special session this week. Several proposals for increased insurance rates are to be considered in order to take care of a deficit of $4,516,468 for 1917-18.
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Noted Persons Die

Wilmington, N. C. — After remaining in a comatose condition for a week Charles T. Cumbio, age 45, died in a hospital from lethargic encephalitis or “sleeping sickness.” Cumbio suffered from the disease three weeks.
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Idaho News Paragraphs…

The date of the preliminary hearing in the case arising from the shooting of Miss Vesta Napean by Mrs. Newton Otto at Whitebird last week has been fixed for April 3 at Grangeville. The bullet wound in Miss Napean’s ankle is said to be healing rapidly. Mrs. Otto, is it said, claims that she brandished the gun in an effort to compel Miss Napean and Reggie Napean to leave the Otto premises and that it was discharged accidentally.

(ibid, page 2)
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Bonners Ferry Herald. March 25, 1919, Page 4

Local Pick-ups

Miss Margaret Wolf, one of the teachers of the Copeland school, was in town several days this week visiting her father, C. F. Wolf and friends. Miss Wolf has been sick for the past few weeks and had to give up her school work temporarily.

Miss Louise Aldridge, one of the teachers of the Priest River school, was here last week, the guest of her parents, Mr. and Mrs. A. E. Aldrige of the Northside. Mrs. J. H. Cave substituted for her sister during the stay of the latter here and returned home Thursday.

(ibid, page 4)
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Bonners Ferry Herald. March 25, 1919, Page 5

Local News

C. H. Bixler, proprietor of the Bonner Bakery, has been quite ill the past week but is now able to be up and around again.

(ibid, page 5)
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The Daily Star-Mirror., March 25, 1919, Page 4

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19190325DSM2
“Flu” Serum Useless
Physicians Are Still Hunting for a Preventive
U. S. Laboratory Director Says No Cure for Baffling Disease is Known.

New York — Considering that the insurance companies of the United States lost about $130,000,000 during the three months last year when the influenza epidemic was at its height, it was but natural that when the Association of Life Insurance medical Directors met in the annual convention in Newark the physicians and public health authorities should concern themselves almost exclusively to the search for some preventive measure which would preclude another outbreak of the plague.

And yet, although it was shown that about 6,000,000 people in the world perished from it, 400,000 of whom were Americans, all the medical experts admitted that the disease was completely baffling. Said Dr. G. W. McCoy, director of the hygienic laboratory of the public health service in Washington:

“There is no serum that I know of which is of the slightest value in preventing influenza, nor is there a serum that is of any use whatever in the treatment of the disease.” He made this statement after carefully experimenting with serums and vaccines in all parts of the country where the disease had broken out, and particularly in Pelham Bay and the army camps where the mortality was great.

source: The Daily Star-Mirror. (Moscow, Idaho), 25 March 1919. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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Vaccines (Serums)

Many vaccines were developed and used during the 1918–1919 pandemic. The medical literature was full of contradictory claims of their success; there was apparently no consensus on how to judge the reported results of these vaccine trials. … The most widely used, and historically the most interesting, was the vaccine produced by Edward C. Rosenow of the Mayo Clinic’s Division of Experimental Bacteriology. Rosenow argued that the exact composition of a vaccine intended to prevent pneumonia had to match the distribution of the lung-infecting microbes then in circulation. For that reason, he insisted that the composition of his vaccine had to be frequently readjusted. His initial vaccine consisted of killed bacteria … The Mayo Clinic distributed Rosenow’s vaccine widely to physicians in the upper Midwest. … McCoy arranged his own trial of the Rosenow vaccine produced by the Laboratories of the Chicago Health Department. He and his associates worked in a mental asylum in California where they could keep all subjects under close observation. They immunized alternate patients younger than age 41 on every ward, completing the last immunization 11 days before the local outbreak began. Under these more controlled conditions, Rosenow’s vaccine offered no protection whatsoever. McCoy’s article appeared as a one-column report in the December 14, 1918, edition of the Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA)

source: The State of Science, Microbiology, and Vaccines Circa 1918
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The Daily Star-Mirror., March 25, 1919, Page 5

City News

Mrs. Addie Perry received a telegram today announcing the arrival yesterday of her son, Sergeant Jos. T. Perry, in New York. Mr. Perry has been 16 months in France. While he was overseas in the service of his country, his wife died of influenza at Coeur d’Alene on January 4.

Mrs. W. J. Costigan left for Butte, today, called by the death of her daughter, Mrs. Florence Hannah, who died of pneumonia, following influenza.
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19190325DSM3Two New “Flu” Cases Reported

Dr. W. A. Adair reports two new cases of influenza: Myers, No. 823 6th and Lincoln; Silvey, 408 West First. While these are the only new cases reported, they show that the disease is still existent in the community and Dr. Adair urges that the people continue to use every precaution to avoid a further outbreak. Six deaths were reported in Spokane yesterday from the disease.
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19190325DSM4Influenza in Frazier District

Influenza seems to be quite prevalent in the Frazier school district east of Moscow. The teacher, Miss Mary Knowles, is ill, and the families of Frank Frazier and Clark Butler, as well as a number of other families in that vicinity have contracted the disease.

(ibis, page 5)
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De Smet, Idaho (1)

DeSmetFritz-a

Photo courtesy: the Mike Fritz Collection, History of Idaho
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March 26

Evening Capital News., March 26, 1919, Page 7

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Little News of Boise

Nurses to Meet

The State Association of Graduate Nurses is to meet this evening at 7:30 o’clock at the Y. W. C. A. rooms. This is the first meeting of the association since the influenza, and the return of so many nurses from the cantonments and much interesting business is to be transacted.

To Speak At New Plymouth

M. S. Parker, field secretary of the Idaho Anti-Tuberculosis association, will deliver a free illustrated health lecture at New Plymouth Thursday evening.
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Frank Theison was denied permission to sell ice cream on the streets of Boise, as per ordinance 1241. The council will discourage further licenses of this nature, as the practice is believed to be unsanitary.
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Health Notes

Do not let the typhoid fly even get started in business in your community this season. If you do, he may get you, he being one of the most persistent pests that ever lived.

That much tuberculosis will result from the recent influenza epidemic is the general consensus of opinion among members of the medical profession and in view of this feeling all those who had influenza should endeavor to build up their systems and take every possible precaution against the white plague. Boise and Idaho had many cases of influenza with not a few cases of pneumonia, and those who were victims of these diseases should take warning.

Consumption, like diphtheria, scarlet fever, measles and smallpox, is contagious, and to keep this disease from spreading, the germs must be destroyed. Fumigation, if done in the right way, will kill these germs.

source: Evening Capital News. (Boise, Idaho), 26 March 1919. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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Evening Capital News., March 26, 1919, Page 8

With The State Exchanges

19190326ECN2Flu Repeats in Bear Lake

Like a bolt from the sky the influenza fell upon us the latter part of last week, and in 36 hours had spread to about 50 homes in the city. It was all the more surprising because it had been absent for about six weeks and all business and social and religious activities were in full swing again. It has not been definitely determined where it came from, but its spread no doubt began at one of the lyceum course numbers held March 10, at the Second ward hall. Right after that a number of young people of the town and the academy contracted it and its spread seems to have been hastened at a basketball game held at the academy last Friday night. It is reported by the city marshal that about 70 homes have been quarantined, with only a few people seriously ill. — Post, Paris.
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[Fraser – Pierce]

“We are still experiencing considerable winter weather in the Fraser section with six to eight inches of snow, and farmers are still required to feed. Farther back in the Pierce district there is still a great deal of snow. Hay has brought $25 a ton in the barn in the Fraser section.

“While we have been experiencing a good deal of late winter,” continued Mr. McCullough, “yet we have experienced little sickness and our district has been remarkably free from the influenza epidemic.” — Tribune Lewiston.

(ibid, page 8)
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Evening Capital News., March 26, 1919, Page 9

Around Boise Valley Loop

Caldwell

Jay Galigan, manager of the Caldwell flouring mills, is reported quite ill.

M. T. Hargrove, the local real estate man is reported ill.

Frank Gillilan Funeral

Funeral services were held from the Methodist church this afternoon at 2 o’clock for Frank Gillilan, who died at a hospital at Hot Lakes, Oregon, Sunday morning from complications following the influenza. Rev. Winters, pastor of the Methodist church, conducted the services. Interment was in the Canyon Hill cemetery.

Star

The little daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Lon Bass is reported ill with the flu.

M’Dermott

Miss Ella Hudson, who has been sick from a nervous breakdown, is improving.

Lake Lowell

W. H. Bussard has returned from Chicago where he attended the funeral of his sister.

(ibid, page 9)
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Evening Capital News., March 26, 1919, Page 12

Mountain Home

Mr. and Mrs. Fed Porter and baby are quite ill with the influenza at their home.

Mrs. F. A. Collins is quite ill in Nampa.

Mr. Morler, of the Morler Cyclery, was down from Boise Tuesday to open Judge Howe’s safe, for which the combination had been lost.

(ibid, page 12)
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The Challis Messenger., March 26, 1919, Page 4

19190326CM1

Think Straight

This is a time for straight thinking. Make sure the other fellow is not talking drivel. Analyze his thought, don’t follow it. He may be suffering with phraseologic hemorrhage. It is epidemic now-a-days like influenza and much more serious.

source: The Challis Messenger. (Challis, Idaho), 26 March 1919. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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The Daily Star-Mirror., March 26, 1919, Page 5

19190326DSM1l

City News

The family of W. G. Murphy, north of Moscow are all sick with influenza.

It is strictly against the City Ordinance to shoot air guns inside of city limits and the law will be enforced. Chief of Police.

source: The Daily Star-Mirror. (Moscow, Idaho), 26 March 1919. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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Elk Hunting Party, Leaving Dixie, Idaho

DixieFritz-aPhoto courtesy: the Mike Fritz Collection, History of Idaho
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March 27

Evening Capital News., March 27, 1919, Page 2

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19190327ECN2
Influenza Mortality Causes Doubled Rate
Enormous Losses Via Plague
Forces Modern Woodmen to Boost Surety Levies; Sinking Funds Periled at Present

Chicago, March 27. — Enormous losses, due to the influenza epidemic, were given today as the reason for the 50 per cent increase in insurance rates voted yesterday for the more than one million members of the Modern Woodmen of America.

The new rates, voted at a meeting of the head camp of the order, are not adequate, officials declared, but are all the membership can be persuaded to pay at this time.

Rates for both old and new members for a $1000 policy were increased from 75 cents a month at 17 years to $2 for new members and $1.90 old members at 45 years.

The new rates cannot be put into effect before July on account of the necessary referendum. A majority vote of the members can defeat the action of the head camp. The higher rates were voted to take care of the fast diminishing fund of $12,000,000 which had accumulated during 20 years. It was said it would be exhausted within six months on account of influenza deaths and soldier’s funds.

source: Evening Capital News. (Boise, Idaho), 27 March 1919. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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Evening Capital News., March 27, 1919, Page 6

Kuna

Perry Reid’s entire family near Mora is ill with influenza. J. N. Reid, the father, being the only one left to care for the sick.

Mrs. Frye is very ill.

T. LaForce of Ten Mile died Sunday night from tuberculosis. He had been ill several months. He was buried Tuesday in the Kuna cemetery.
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Holcomb

Raymond Morrison was taken to the hospital Monday with symptoms of typhoid.

School will be out in seven weeks.

(ibid, page 6)
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Evening Capital News., March 27, 1919, Page 9

Around Boise Valley Loop

Caldwell

M. T. Hargrove, the local real estate man, who has been quite ill, is reported to be much improved.

Midway

The Red Cross sewing rooms were closed Tuesday and the sewing machines sold for the same price paid for them. The money turned in to the Nampa chapter.

Deer Flat

Mrs. Houston of Caldwell is staying at the Fred Dye home caring for Mrs. Dye while she has the flu.

The Scism Sunday school will be opened up again Sunday after being closed for a couple of weeks on account of the flu.

Miss Mayoe has returned to Deer Flat after being in the Boise hospital with the flu. She left Monday for her home in Long valley.

Middleton

Lee F. Smith is confined to his home with la grippe.

Mr. and Mrs. J. F. Carlson are in Boise this week with their daughter, who is in the hospital there.

Miss Dell Jackson, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. G. F. Jackson of this city, arrived Sunday morning from France, where she has been the past year as a Red Cross nurse.

Star

Dr. Spencer of Boise was here Wednesday on professional business.

Friday, March 28, has been designated as “clean up day” in Middleton. the schools will be closed in the afternoon in order that the children might help with the campaign.

(ibid, page 9)
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Evening Capital News., March 27, 1919, Page 12

Greenleaf

Wendall Mills is slowly improving, but is still quite weak.

Miss Florence McClung is back at the seminary after an absence of two weeks.

Mrs. Sanders, teachers of English in the Seminary, has been quite sick for a week but was able to take up her work again Monday.

A men’s mass meeting was held at the Seminary Monday evening in the interests of the endowment fund.

(ibid, page 12)
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The Grangeville Globe. March 27, 1919, Page 8

19190327GG1

[Local News]

Geo. Snead came up from Lewiston the latter part of last week where he and Mrs. Snead have been making their home during the fall and winter months, and Mrs. Snead arrived the fore part of this week. They unfortunately lost their infant child during the influenza epidemic, and have decided again to cast their lot among us.

J. P Reeves came in from the Harvey Peterson ranch near Whitebird on Wednesday evening’s Salmon river stage. Mr. Reeves suffered a severe attack of the flu during the winter from which he has not fully recovered. He will go to Spokane on Friday’s train and from there to Yakima, where he expects to spend a number of months.

Geo. H. Anderson came in last evening from his homestead near Whitebird and will spend a few days in this vicinity. Mr. Anderson suffered an illness last fall just before the epidemic broke out, and has hardly been able to do anything since that time. He was engaged on the highway work at Whitebird for a short time but found that in his condition he was unable to stand up under the strain.

source: The Grangeville Globe. (Grangeville, Idaho), 27 March 1919. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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Jerome County Times., March 27, 1919, Page 1

19190327JCT1

Deaths

Charles J. Modrell, aged 27, son of J. C. Modrell, who lived seven miles east and one mile south of Jerome, died on Sunday, March 23rd, of influenza. Funeral services were held from the L’Herisson undertaking parlors on Wednesday at eleven o’clock and burial was made in Jerome cemetery. The deceased was born in the state of Washington, and lived in the vicinity of Jerome over a year before his death, where he was well thought of. He leaves one daughter nine years of age, his wife having preceded him to the beyond.

The infant son of Mr. and Mrs. C. A, Anders, the former is connected with the C. W. & M. Co., died Sunday of pneumonia, and was buried in the local cemetery. Mr. and Mrs. Anders have the sympathy of everyone in their loss. The infant’s name was Milo Coleman Anders.

Frances Leroy Blessing, the three month-old son of Mr. and Mrs. Carl D. Blessing, died Saturday night, March 22nd, of influenza. Funeral services were held Sunday from the L’Herisson undertaking parlors, and the remains were laid to rest in the Jerome cemetery. The bereaved parents have the sympathy of their neighbors.
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Orchard Valley

Milton Ekedahl was on the sick list and out of school a few days last week.

Our school is growing so rapidly that we will soon have to have more school room. There are thirty-two enrolled now, and twenty-four were neither absent or tardy during the month.
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High School Notes

Since another month has been added to the school year other school activities besides the purely academic studies are to be allowed. Miss Walkington will have charge of the senior class play, Mrs. Archer of the school annual put out by the same class, and Mr. Snodggrass of the athletics.

source: Jerome County Times. (Jerome, Idaho), 27 March 1919. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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The Filer Record., March 27, 1919, Page 4

19190327FR1

Coming and Going

Mrs. Henry Hagger and two children are victims of the influenza. We have learned of no other cases in town. Many cases are reported at Twin Falls.

Mrs. Lola Scholars is on the sick list this week.

source: The Filer Record. (Filer, Idaho), 27 March 1919. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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The Filer Record., March 27, 1919, Page 6

[Editorial]

The influenza germ is so small it cannot be seen with a microscope. Fortunately, or unfortunately, a man who has an influenza germ can always detect the fact without the aid of a microscope.

(ibid, page 6)
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The Streets of Dubois, Idaho

DuboisFritz-a

Photo courtesy: the Mike Fritz Collection, History of Idaho
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Idaho County Free Press. March 27, 1919, Page 2

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Ferdinand

Glover Patterson is reported critically ill with influenza.
— —

Clearwater

Horace Hornaday has gone to Kooskia to be under the doctor’s care.
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Wayman Lomax Dies

Kamiah Progress: Wayman Lomax, son of Mr. and Mrs. R. M. Lomax, of Lawyer’s canyon died in Spokane Sunday, following a short illness of influenza. He and his wife had been living in that city for several months while he was attending an automobile school.

source: Idaho County Free Press. (Grangeville, Idaho), 27 March 1919. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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Idaho County Free Press. March 27, 1919, Page 4

Whitebird

Mrs. Shell Dalmage returned Tuesday from Grangeville, where she visited Mrs. Thomas Mahurin, who has been quite ill.

(ibid, page 4)
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The Daily Star-Mirror., March 27, 1919, Page 1

19190327DSM1

19190327DSM2Three New Influenza Cases

Dr. W. A. Adair reports new influenza flags put up yesterday as follows: Veum, 506 East Eighth street; Nelson, 123 South Monroe; Skoogs, 709 Deakin avenue. In the Frazier neighborhood practically all the school children are sick with the disease, as well as the teacher and a number of the parents.

source: The Daily Star-Mirror. (Moscow, Idaho), 27 March 1919. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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The Daily Star-Mirror., March 27, 1919, Page 3

City News

Jas. C. Cunningham, manager of the Union Trust company of Spokane is in Moscow on business concerning the estate of Asa Bradrick, who died recently in Spokane of influenza.

(ibid, page 3)
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The Nezperce Herald., March 27, 1919, Page 1

19190327NH1

Local News

The many friends of Gay Miller are glad to know that his improvement continues very satisfactorily from his recent serious siege of pneumonia.

Mr. and Mrs. Lewis Clark returned Sunday from Lewiston, where she was a patient in a hospital for several weeks. She is well on the road to recovery from her serious illness.
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Public School News

The eighth grade are taking special review this week and next preparatory to take eighth grade examinations.

Clayton Miller, Felix and Chas. Hutchins have quit school to start spring work. Last Monday evening the boys of the high school met to decide whether to have base ball or track. Track was decided upon and the boys will start practicing next week.
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Mrs. Jackson at Rest

Mrs. Charles Jackson, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Frank Chandler, pioneer and highly esteemed residents of this vicinity, passed away at her home in Ekalaka, Mont., section on Sunday, March 9, from pneumonia superinduced by an influenza attack. The remains were brought to Nezperce, the old home of the deceased, and the funeral was conducted from the Brethren church by Elder B. J. Fike at two o’clock Wednesday afternoon, interment being made in the local cemetery. The estimation in which the deceased was held here was impressed by the large attendance at the last sad rites and the general expression of sympathy for the bereaved family.

Mrs. Jackson was called just when life seemed at its fullest, being within a few days of 30 years of age. She grew to womanhood on the farm of her parents southwest of town, and some five years ago became the wife of Charles Jackson. About four years ago they moved to Montana. She is survived by her husband and three children, a son and two daughters; and to these and her parents the heart of the community reaches out in deepest sympathy.

source: The Nezperce Herald. (Nezperce, Idaho), 27 March 1919. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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The Nezperce Herald., March 27, 1919, Page 7

Local and Personal News Notes

The many friends of Clay Smith will be as pleased to learn, as we are to inform them, that he is recovering nicely from his recent severe sickness. Clay, as he is known by all, is one of the best of good community builders in Lewis county, and we hope we may have the benefit of his sound council and advice for many years to come.

Mr. and Mrs. John McKinley returned Tuesday from Lewiston, where the latter has been under the doctor’s care for some time.

(ibid, page 7)
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The Nezperce Herald., March 27, 1919, Page 8

Route 2 News

The Alpine school was closed the first of the week on account of the school ma’am Miss Lillie Schafer, developing a case of the mumps.

Miss Gertrude Graebener, who has been teaching the Rowe school this past winter, has resigned her position and returned to her home at Gifford.

Roads are drying up.
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Central Ridge News

Irwin Shoemaker has been on the sick list the last few days.

The farmers are dragging the roads, also working on the Peck grade, thinking that the cars will be running in a few days.
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Local News

Rome Galloway returned last night from Juliaetta to look after his farm interests on central Ridge. He says there is a little hope of the recovery of his father-in-law, Mr. Whitted, whom he has been helping to nurse for some time.

(ibid, page 8)
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The Nezperce Herald., March 27, 1919, Page 6

19190327NH2

(ibid, page 6)
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Further Reading

The 1918 Influenza Pandemic and COVID-19

Much has changed since the influenza pandemic of 1918, yet our responses to COVID-19 must still rely on many of the century-old lessons.

March 18, 2020 Matthew Boyce and Rebecca Katz

pandemic-lab-influenza-aThe source of the influenza illness remained a mystery to scientists as viruses were too small and obscure for the optical microscopes available in 1918. Credit: Naval Historical Society

Pandemic. The word originates from the Greek word pandēmos – meaning from ‘all’ (pan) ‘people’ (dēmos). Today, the word conjures many frightening images but holds similar meaning – a geographically widespread or global malady, generally with regard to infectious disease outbreaks. Indeed, for centuries, novel diseases and pathogens have emerged to produce pandemics in human populations, causing widespread illness and death, as well as economic, social and political disruptions.

The ancient Greeks believed diseases to be of a spiritual origin – a punishment from the gods for wrongdoings. In the 5th century BCE, an outbreak characterized by sore throat, aches and respiratory distress was noted by Hippocrates and named “The Cough of Perinthus.” In doing so, Hippocrates may have provided the first documented experience of perhaps the most notorious pandemic pathogen: influenza. Although it is unlikely that the Cough of Perinthus was the first influenza outbreak in humans, it is the first chapter or at least the prologue to a dramatic history of significant human influenza outbreaks. Medical historians believe large scale influenza outbreaks occurred in 1510 and 1557 that may have been pandemics, but an outbreak in 1580 marks what is widely regarded as the first true influenza pandemic. This pandemic caused upwards of 8,000 deaths in Rome and devastated cities in Spain – literally decimating some by killing one out of every 10 residents. Since that time, we have documented two additional influenza pandemics in the 18th century, another two in the 19th century, three in the 20th century and one thus far in the 21st century.

Of these, an influenza pandemic occurring in 1918 is the most infamous. Fueled by the transport of soldiers in the final stages of World War I, the outbreak quickly spread around the world in three distinct waves, infecting up to one-third of the people on earth and killing an estimated 50 to 100 million people. Infections were complicated with high rates of bacterial pneumonia, and the pandemic was characterized by a uniquely high mortality rate in young adults between 20 and 40 years of age. By the time the pandemic ended in 1920, it was the worst acute infectious disease outbreak in modern history and the greatest mortality event in the world since the Black Death – a 14th-century pandemic caused by the plague.

pandemic-patient-influenza-aWhen young, healthy soldiers began getting sick by the dozens in March, 1918, military physicians were baffled by what might be causing it. Credit: National Archives and Records Administration

The 1918 pandemic had profound impacts on life in the United States. In October of 1918, some 195,000 Americans were killed by the outbreak. By the time it ended, over 600,000 had lost their lives, and thousands of children were orphaned. So dire was the situation that many cities including Boston, Richmond, St. Louis and others mandated quarantines and social-distancing measures. In San Francisco and Seattle, laws were passed forcing people to wear masks covering their mouths and noses while in public. The public health commissioner in Chicago told police to arrest anyone seen sneezing without covering their face in public.

These horrors were exacerbated by a number of factors. Many physicians and nurses were enlisted in the armed forces to aid in the efforts to win the First World War, leaving a depleted healthcare workforce. The outbreak stoked nativist reactions and the stigmatization of certain ethnic groups – such as anti-Italian sentiments in Denver – which limited the effectiveness of efforts to curtail the outbreak. There were also restrictions on communication and the flow of information. President Woodrow Wilson created the Committee on Public Information when the United States entered World War I, and at Wilson’s urging, Congress passed the Sedition Act in 1918, which allowed for up to 20 years of imprisonment for criticizing the government or spreading information that could hamper the production of materials necessary for the war effort. To this end, the government printed materials urging people to report anyone “who spreads pessimistic stories…cries for peace, or belittles our effort to win the war” to the Justice Department. These greatly limited communication and delayed the public health response to the emerging health crisis [1]. For example, newspapers in Washington, D.C. did not begin reporting on the outbreak until the last week of August – months after it had begun.

Much has changed for the better since 1918. For one, after Dr. Richard Shope isolated the influenza virus in his laboratory in 1931, we now know that influenza is caused by a virus. We no longer need to exclusively rely on non-pharmaceutical interventions to respond to influenza pandemics because we have developed and refined our ability to create and produce safe and efficacious vaccines. Sir Alexander Fleming discovered penicillin in 1928, which opened the door for developing antibiotics that can help treat complications from influenza, such as pneumonia. There is now an entire field of diplomacy dedicated to health and responding to the global threats posed by infectious diseases. And we no longer name pandemics after geographic locations, people, animals or cultural references in efforts to avoid stigmatization.

However, there have also been changes since 1918 that complicate the responses to pandemics. A growing body of evidence suggests pandemics may occur more frequently due to changes in land use, exploitation of the natural environment and demographic trends like urbanization — all of which increase the risk of infectious disease outbreaks. Today’s society is also undoubtedly more globalized than that of 1918. The World Health Organization estimates that our world is so interconnected, a pathogen could conceivably spread around the world in 36 hours. Simulations suggest that if a highly contagious and lethal pandemic similar to the 1918 influenza were to occur today, approximately 33 million people could die in 6 months.

Presently, we find ourselves in the midst of another pandemic. In December of 2019, a novel virus emerged in China and quickly spread throughout the country and the world, causing a disease called COVID-19, which stands for Coronavirus Disease 2019. Similar to the 1918 influenza, COVID-19 is a respiratory disease and pneumonia can be a complication. It has emerged in a time characterized by rising sentiments of nationalism and isolationism, and one in which the role of the media is in the spotlight. The spread of the disease has been fueled by the transportation of people around the world. And while we currently do not know exactly how contagious or deadly COVID-19 is, because we do not yet know the true number of persons infected, estimates based on available data suggest that it has the potential to rival the 1918 influenza.

pandemic-notice-influenza-a
The United States Public Health Service issued this pamphlet in October of 1918 as part of a public education campaign to slow the progress of the disease. Credit: Library of Congress, Rare Book and Special Collections Division

In the absence of pharmaceutical treatments and therapies for COVID-19, the response to the virus has relied heavily on non-pharmaceutical interventions and supportive treatment, much like the response to the 1918 influenza. Similarly, the response to COVID-19 has also witnessed the implementation of dramatic social distancing measures in cities, the passing of new policies designed to curtail the spread of disease and the stigmatization of people and culture that hinder the public health response.

The 1918 influenza pandemic was a pandemic in every sense of the word – global and affecting all people, from poor factory workers to world leaders like President Wilson. However, for all of the horrors that the 1918 influenza pandemic brought with it, the outbreak eventually came to an end and brought opportunities to learn and prepare for future pandemics. While our current situation is frightening, COVID-19 can be controlled through public health interventions, much as the influenza pandemic was eventually contained. The century-old lessons are clear: we must act swiftly, intentionally and implement multiple interventions simultaneously to curb the spread of disease.

from: PBS American Experience
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Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 1)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 2)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 3)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 4)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 5)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 6)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 7)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 8)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 9)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 10)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 11)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 12)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 13)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 14)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 15)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 16)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 17)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 18)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 19)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 20)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 21)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 22)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 23)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 24)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 25)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 26)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 27)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 28)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 29)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 30)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 31)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 32)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 33)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 34)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 35)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 36)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 37)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 38)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 39)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 40)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 41)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 42)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 43)