Idaho History May 9, 2021

Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic

Part 56

Idaho Newspaper clippings June 18-27, 1919

Idaho photos courtesy: the Mike Fritz Collection, History of Idaho
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June 18

The Daily Star-Mirror., June 18, 1919, Page 2

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The Educational Center

Moscow is the educational center of Idaho. This is a fact admitted by all but the University, one of the greatest and best educational institutions of the northwest, is not the only educational institution of which the people of Moscow are justly proud. True, it is our largest institution, and has a wider scope than any of the others, but our city school system is unexcelled in Idaho and we are justifiably proud of it.

The public schools of Moscow close this week and a class of 43 graduates leave the high school. Most of them will enter the University of Idaho and complete their education in their home town. The past year has been the most difficult the schools of Moscow have ever known. The influenza epidemic last winter kept the schools closed for weeks but with this great handicap and the further handicap of having scores of young men leave school to enter the Student Army Train[ing] Corps, a splendid class has been graduated, the number to receive diplomas being 43 out of a possible 45 at the beginning of the term. This is certainly a record of which Moscow people should feel proud. …

But there is another institution that deserves special mention. This is Ursuline academy, the Catholic school, which has done a splendid work this year as well as in former years. This school was also handicapped by the influenza but it has made splendid progress and will have a good class of graduates. The great work of this splendid school is with the younger pupils. In this school the pupils get the closer personal supervision so necessary to children, that cannot be given in the larger public schools. The Ursuline academy is one of Moscow’s splendid assets of which the people are really proud. …

source: The Daily Star-Mirror. (Moscow, Idaho), 18 June 1919. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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Juliaetta, Idaho ca. 1908 (1)

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Photo courtesy: the Mike Fritz Collection, History of Idaho
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June 19

The Filer Record., June 19, 1919, Page 3

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Operates On Infant

Dr. Dwight performed an operation on the ten-moth-old son of Mr. and Mrs. Jas. Kilpatrick for mastoid abscess last Friday. The child is doing nicely. The abscess was the after effect of an attack of influenza.

source: The Filer Record. (Filer, Idaho), 19 June 1919. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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Idaho County Free Press. June 19, 1919, Page 1

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Mrs. Addie Lister Writes

Mrs. Addie Lister, a former resident of Clearwater, has written to the Free Press from Rochester, Minn., where she is temporarily located with her son, Bert who is receiving treatment for complications resulting from influenza. The home of the Listers is at Thompson, Alta.
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[Grangeville]

… The school board is having difficulty in filling positions on the teaching corps with competent teachers. Higher salaries than those usually paid teachers have caused many school teachers to abandon the profession.

source: Idaho County Free Press. (Grangeville, Idaho), 19 June 1919. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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Upper Main Street, Jerome, Idaho ca. 1915

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Photo courtesy: the Mike Fritz Collection, History of Idaho
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June 20

The Oakley Herald. June 20, 1919, Page 1

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Large Class Is Graduated from Eighth Grade

The commencement exercises of our Public School were held in the Howells Opera House Thursday evening, at 8:30 o’clock. A very interesting program was given.

The entire class of twenty-four members graduated and considering the interruption of school work caused by the influenza epidemic it required the most intense effort by teachers and students to accomplish this end.

Zilla Simmons received the highest mark, which was 91 2-9. Thurma Walker and La Vera Bell tied with 90 5-9. …
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Locals and Personals

At a meeting of the Village Board, the marshal was instructed to rigidly enforce all the village ordinances relating to live stock running at large on the streets. The village traffic ordinances are also to be rigidly enforced. Do not be surprised if you are hailed [sic] into court for failure to live up to some of these ordinances.

The 146 Field Artillery, in which about a dozen Oakley boys saw service, landed in New York last Sunday. The boys were given a royal reception by the city and by delegations of Westerners.
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Marion

Bishop Harvey Sessions returned last week from Salt Lake. He has been ill, but is improving.
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In The Gem State

There were 754 births in the state of Idaho during the month of May and 888 deaths.

A number of new school houses are being built in Bingham county, and more are to be constructed this summer.

source: The Oakley Herald. (Oakley, Idaho), 20 June 1919. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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The Oakley Herald. June 20, 1919, Page 6

National League for Women’s Service
Purpose: To provide organized trained women to meet social and economic needs.

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Devoted women who have been wondering where the pathway of constructive and beneficial service would open now that the war is over may very easily find the signpost pointing out the road in the program set for itself by the National League for Women’s Service. This organization was formed in 1917, and naturally at that time found its particular field in war activities. It now sees before it a broadening of its activities and a cope of real helpfulness that will go even beyond what it found to do while the country was waging conflict.

It is the spirit of service learned better than ever before in time of national stress that is the watchword for this nation-wide organization of women. Its purpose, as set forth in the constitution and by-laws, is to provide organized trained groups of women in every community to meet existing needs along social and economic lines.

The earnest women who make up the motor division of the league might have thought that the end of the war would curtail the scope of their activities. Nothing of the sort. The work of transporting the sick and wounded and the convalescent soldiers, sailors and marines will be continued as long as the need for this work exists. The motor division has demonstrated the vital necessity of continuing its work as an organized, trained service in peace times to meet emergencies. There is so much work to be done in the way of social welfare and health and industrial helpfulness that the motor corps, instead of diminishing, sees before it growth and expansion.

Especial attention is being given by the motor division to the opportunities found in service for the afflicted. One of the concrete examples of this is to be seen in the work being accomplished by the women of the city of Jamaica, [New York,] who formed a motor corps in that city. These women motorists have already been of great service to the city in transporting crippled children to the hospital for treatment. Not all of these children are permanently crippled, but many of them have lost the use of an arm or a leg after having suffered from infantile paralysis. Sometimes there is only one living parent, who is away from home all day, so there is no one in the family to take the suffering little ones to the hospital for treatment. The workers in the motor corps bring the children from their homes for treatment and then take them back again as soon as they are fit to be moved.

Helping the Helpless

One of the most pathetic cases of this sort is that of little Gertrude, only three and a half years of age. She was taken to the hospital and a plaster cast was put on. There are six children in her family and her father is unable to work owing to a severe attack of influenza. The oldest child in the family sufferers from epileptic fits. Another child had broken her arm last November and it has never been set. The driver of the ambulance took this child also to the hospital so that her crippled arm could be rebroken by the doctor and properly set. So much suffering in one family was relieved and a great deal of future tragedy was averted by the helpfulness of the motor corps.

One little boy, whose poor little legs were absolutely useless, came near to being the cause of an accident on one of the journeys to the hospital. Putting his head out of the front of the ambulance he jerked the arm of the driver and said; “See that guy that passed riding that bicycle! Gee, I’m going to be like him soon, and how I will ride when my paddles work again.”

A three-year-old Italian girl has been very shy on her trips to the hospital and at first had resented being taken by the driver. Finally after her fourth trip she snuggled up against the lieutenant on the homeward trip and said something which the officer could not understand. One of the older girls explained.

“She says that her mother is dead and her father doesn’t want her and you can keep her if you want to.”

Only three years old and yet that baby realized that there wasn’t a soul in the world who wanted her.

These children, whose cases are duplicated times without number throughout the country, as in a dire need of friendly service. The parents have the greatest struggle in most cases to provide a living for them, and when any of the children are helpless they are not wanted.

Such cases are not infrequent, and although the work of driving a car all day from house to house in the poorest parts of the city, over broken and rough roads, is nerve racking, the members of the motor corps have never thought of stopping. The vital need of continuing their work is measured by the amount of good done hundreds of children.

The faith of the children accustomed to walk and run about is much shaken when they are crippled by the tragedy of infantile paralysis. That faith is fast coming to the top again, after they have been given the much-needed attention.

The women of the motor corps feel that if there is anything they can do to make these children whole again they are going to do it. A large percentage of the treatments given to the children is successful, as most of the children are young.

Another form of service rendered by the women of the motor corps, still using Jamaica as an illustration, takes the district nurse all over the city. This nurse follows up the cases of the children who have been treated at the hospital and does good work in finding out what the others needs of the children are. In some cases it is nourishing food, in others shoes, in others clothes.

There is only one district nurse in Jamaica and her salary is paid out of the proceeds of a second-hand clothing shop which is run by the well-to-do women of the community. This shop is patronized by the poorer people of Jamaica and has proved a source of great help to them. …

Jamaica is not the only city where the people have realized what the word “service” stands for. In New York state alone there are ninety-two branches of the National league for Women’s Service, and the league has a national enrollment of three hundred thousand members and is established in thirty-eight states. …

“Widowed fathers” are a new problem since the influenza epidemic robbed thousands of homes of the mother and homemaker.

Almost any women can make a home for her children, given the dollars and cents to buy bread and butter and shoes; but it takes so much more than dollars and cents to enable a father to make a home. Women engaged in administering mothers’ pensions funds and other forms of welfare work have found that funds were totally inadequate to solve the problems of the father left a widower with several small children.

Many men whose wives were stricken during the epidemic are hardworking home-loving fathers, who cling to the children with a tenderness that is heartbreaking. It is our mission to find homes for the children near enough so that the father can see them every day and keep closely in touch with their little affairs. The father can often pay for the children’s board. It is the extra things that women must do for the children that make it impossible for him to keep them at home.

The milk problems alone is large enough and complex enough to keep thousands of women busy. It is stated that for every American man who fell on the battlefields of Europe nine of our babies have died. These are the startling figures of the bureau of child hygiene. The war period total was 450,000 against our casualty list of 53,000.

Of every three deaths one is of a child under three years. Dr. S. Josephine Baker, director of the bureau of hygiene of the New York city board of health, frankly brands us as a nation careless of human life, and figures fasten her charge on us. But the experience of the New York Diet Kitchen association (and no doubt of other kindred groups) has been that when these facts are really brought to our consciousness helpful response is immediate. That this response falls so far short of the need can only mean that the full weight of such figures is not visualized as it should be. …

(ibid, page 6)
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American Falls Press. June 20, 1919, Page 1

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Thirty-Two Graduate From County Schools
Record of Eighth Grade Students in County Schools Much Improved This Year – Miss Drake Goes to Conventions.

Thirty-two students graduated from the eighth grade of the county schools six more than last year’s record, according to a list of the graduates issued last Tuesday by Miss Goldie Drake, county superintendent of schools. The average grade of all the students who have passed was 87.1 per cent.

Forty-five took the eighth grade examinations this year compared to forty-six of the year previous. The failures this year counted only 29 per cent of those taking the exams, while last year the percentage ran up to 46 per cent, “which only goes to show,” says Miss Drake, “that the students have been doing better work, especially in view of the fact that they lost about six weeks of the school year during the “flu” ban, and have had to make that up since.” …
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Burwell From Overseas Writes Yanks Well Treated
Yanks Happy When Long Hike Into Germany Was Finished – Says Germany and France Beautiful Countries But U. S. Beats All

Headquarters Co., 4th Infantry, May 23, 1919. American Falls Press. Dear Sirs: – This is a letter fro one of Power county’s doughboys. I am located in Germany with H. Q. Co., 4th infantry, 3rd division, and in the army of occupation. I left home on the 26th of June, 1918 and was sent to Camp Lewis and then to Camp Kearney, where I was filled in to the 40th division.

We left Kearney in July for France and after we landed at Camp Mills, N. Y. I lost the 40th division and I remained in the states until September 24th. I then sailed with the 414 casual company from Camp Merritt, N. J.

We landed in France October 3. I was sick with the influenza for three weeks and then I was sent to the 330th infantry, close to LeMons, at a replacement, and November 8th we were sent to the 3rd division and this division was ready to start to the front. When the armistice was signed and on November 15th we started our hike to Germany, 225 miles to walk.

On December 16th we landed in Plaidt, Germany, the end of our hike. There were some happy Yanks when we were told our hike was finished for a while.

Germany is a beautiful country and France also. But the Unite States has them all beat as far as I have seen.

Now we are waiting for peace to be signed and then we will start on the trip to the states. It will be a happy day to the A. E. F. for I think all the boys are ready to go back as soon as the ships can carry them.

With best wishes to the Press, I remain,

Pvt. Eldred Burwell

source: American Falls Press. (American Falls, Idaho), 20 June 1919. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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American Falls Press. June 20, 1919, Page 4

A Million Members

A million members next year in the farm bureaus of the thirty-three northern and western states is the goal set in a notice to county agent leaders and county agents by the United States department of agriculture. Reports show that on April 1 there were 409,841 farm bureau members in these states, with 8576 community committees – yearly a 30 per cent increase since the December 1918, report, despite the influenza epidemic which handicapped membership campaigns.

“According to the 1910 census,” says the notice to county agents, “there were 3,263,955 farms in the northern and western states. With one-third of the farms represented in the farm bureaus they could be truly said to be fairly representative. Farmers should not be coaxed or scared or fooled into the farm bureau. The organization is an appeal to their intelligence and their memberships should be solicited on a thoroughly dignified, common sense, business basis. Now is the time to make plans for the annual membership campaigns for next fall and winter. Some of the states may wish to do this on a state-wide basis.”

(ibid, page 4)
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American Falls Press. June 20, 1919, Page 5

Local Briefs

Mrs. Matson has been ill this week with an attack of the influenza.

Gottlieb Cruger was taken to the hospital Tuesday morning. Dr. Noth is in attendance. His sickness has not been diagnosed as yet, but it is stated that his mind was wandering all night, a condition which he has experienced several times recently, due to an attack of influenza s short time ago.

Adolph Claassen returned to his home Saturday after a week’s illness at the Bethany Deaconess hospital.

Matt Heizelmann has returned from Washing where he has been looking after his sick father.
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Miss Olive Jones, Aberdeen, died at the Bethany Deaconess hospital Sunday morning after an illness of three months. she was brought to the local hospital five weeks ago after a painful attack of pneumonia and submitted to an operation, which was not successful in saving here. She was 16 years old.

(ibid, page 5)
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Clearwater Republican. June 20, 1919, Page 1

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Iver Iverson Ill at Davenport

County Treasurer, Oren Crockett, received a telegram from Davenport, Wash., at 11 a.m. Monday morning, advising him of the serious illness of Iver Iverson. Mr. Crocket and his sister, Mrs. Oscar Austin, departed for the Big Bend by auto at 2 p.m. Monday. Mr. Austin received a message Tuesday afternoon that Iver was stricken with pneumonia, but, at that time, was some better.

source: Clearwater Republican. (Orofino, Idaho), 20 June 1919. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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Clearwater Republican. June 20, 1919, Page 2

British Deaths Pass Births
War Office, Alarmed, Releases 700 Physicians From Army Service in Week

London. — Coincident with publication of the report showing that during the last quarter of 1918 the number of deaths exceeded the birth rate for the first time in the history of civil registration in this country, the war office has announced the released in one week of 700 physicians from the army.

Influenza caused the great increase in the death rate, the number of victims from that disease being 98,998, or 41 per cent of the total deaths for the period. Lack of physicians is held responsible for the failure to curb the epidemic. At the beginning of this months, although 1,750,000 men of the army have been demobilized, only 1,500 out of 11,000 physicians have been released.

(ibid, page 2)
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Clearwater Republican. June 20, 1919, Page 4

Idaho Births On Increase.

Boise, June — Idaho births reported in the month of May were more than two and one-fourth times as numerous as deaths registered in the same period, according to figures which have just been announced by the state department of public welfare. Exactly 754 native Idahoans drew their first breaths in the course of the month, while only 333 residents of the state were called to the great majority.

May births exceeded those reported in April by 59, the latter month’s total having been 695. The birth-to-death ratio which obtained in May evidenced itself in the previous month, April’s death certificates aggregating 309.

O. Henry’s theories anent the “marry month of May” found vindication in the marriage statistics announced. May espousals totaled 194, while only 91 couples entered upon wedded existence in April.

(ibid, page 3)
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Clearwater Republican. June 20, 1919, Page 6

Over Million in Service Yet

Washington, D. C. — The army is only two-thirds demobilized, the war department announced Monday, and it will take more than three months to complete the work at the present rate of 357,000 discharges a month. On June 10 the strength of the army was 1,232,625, with 644,000 in France and Germany.
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Noted Persons Die

Helena, Mont. — Dr. H. Arthur McCray, state bacteriologist, from spotted fever after an illness of 10 days. He contracted the disease in the performance of his duties, while examining infected specimens in the state laboratory. He was 38 years of age and a native of Ohio.

(ibid, page 6)
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Cottonwood, Idaho

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The original John Hoene Implement building which is now part of Hometown Auto. That is John Romain on the tractor to the right. You can see the old Cottonwood School and the barn shaped gym and the old church on the hill in the background. Photo courtesy of Claudia Gehring.

source: Cottonwood Chronicle
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Cottonwood Chronicle. June 20, 1919, Page 9

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County Seat News Items

Mrs. A. F. Parker left Monday morning for Boise where she will visit with her daughter Mrs. R. B. Kading. Mrs. Parker recently underwent a second attack of the flu, and has been very slow in recovering from the effects of the disease, and it is anticipated that the change will prove beneficial to her health.

Miss Rosa Williams, who has been in the U. S. army nursing corps in France, returned this week to her home at Mt. Idaho. Miss Williams was the only Idaho county women [sic] in France during the war.

Fen Batty, one of the pioneers residents of this section, but who has been looking after his extensive land holdings near Maupin, Oregon, for the past year, came in on Saturday night’s train. Last fall Mr. Batty had a very severe illness and before recovering was also attacked by the influenza. He was confined to the hospital for some time at Portland and certainly shows the ravages of the disease with which has was afflicted. While he is very thin he states he is feeling fairly well at this time. He will remain here while convalescing.

source: Cottonwood Chronicle. (Cottonwood, Idaho), 20 June 1919. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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The Idaho Recorder. June 20, 1919, Page 1

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Judge Quarles Ill.

In the midst of active court trials Judge Ralph P. Quarles was last week attacked by illness, developed from malaria and lumbago, that has kept him at home ever since under the care of Dr. Hanmer.

source: The Idaho Recorder. (Salmon City, Idaho), 20 June 1919. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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The Idaho Recorder. June 20, 1919, Page 5

Salmon Locals

Tom Andrews is still reported critically ill.

Mrs. R. P. Quarles and daughter, Miss Dorothy, came in on Monday’s train from Boise, having been visiting a daughter and sister who resides at the capital city. Miss Dorothy had stopped there enroute from California, having attended university at Berkeley. Upon arrival in salmon they found husband and father, judge R. P. Quarles had been ill for several days.
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Leadore

Mrs. Maurice Martell was quite sick the fore part of the week, but is much improved at this writing.

Mrs. Free, wife of our deputy sheriff, is slowly recovering from a siege of typhoid fever, having been quite sick.

Salmon are reported plentiful and easily taken from the Lemhi.

(ibid, page 5)
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The Idaho Recorder. June 20, 1919, Page 6

Red Cross Workers Aid Exiled Greeks

… The Red Cross is devoting much attention to the prevention of further epidemics, such as the typhus scourge, which took such a heavy toll at Mytilene.

Ford is scanty and costly, and most of the refugees are underfed, even in the large towns. Nearly all are in rags. The hospitals are short of medicines and other supplies, and have been crowded by influenza cases. …

(ibid, page 6)
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Montpelier Examiner. June 20, 1919, Page 1

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Prominent Cokeville Man Passes Away

Jesse Gilkison, for a number of years manager of the Noblitt Implement company at Cokeville, passed away at his home in that city last Tuesday. Mr. Gilkison had been ill less than a week and his death came as a shock to his many friends in all parts of the country.

Jesse Gilkison was born at Grand Island, Nebraska, August 11, 1889. He moved with his parents to Oklahoma while a child and was raised on a farm there and worked his way through school. Soon after graduating he entered the employ of the Cokeville Land and Livestock company and the J. D. Noblitt Farm Implement company as bookeeper [sic]. In 1914 he was made manager of the J. D. Noblitt Implement company, which position he held at the time of his death. Mr. Gilkison served as town clerk under Mayor Noblitt for the year 1916. He joined the army last July and was assigned to clerical duties in the hospital department at Fort Riley, Kansas. He contracted influenza during the early outbreak of that epidemic, and pneumonia developed, and he hovered near death’s door for many days, during which time his wife, mother and father were at his bedside. He recovered slowly and was transferred to Fort Snelling, Minn., in the interest of his health. He improved rapidly at Fort Snelling and was offered a sergeancy, which he declined on account of his desire to get back home to his family as soon as possible after the armistice was signed. He held an important clerical position at the time of his discharge on April 3, 1919.

Upon his return home, he resumed his clerical duties as assistant secretary of the Cokeville Land and Livestock company and manager of the J. D. Noblitz Implement company.

In 1917 he was married to Miss Maud Sparks, of Cokeville, who with a little daughter mourn his demise. – Cokeville Register.
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Sheriff Adds More Booze To His Stock

Last Saturday afternoon as George Sparks was driving to Montpelier in his jitney, numerous auto tracks attracted his attention at a point on the road near “Windy Flats.” He stopped his car and walked into the willows a short distance when he ran onto several empty whiskey cases. He started to make further investigation, when a bullet whizzed by him. This caused him to make a hasty retreat out of the willows. He came on into town and notified the officers. Sheriff Athay and several men accompanied Mr. Sparks back to the place, and found two Austrians guarding their cache of booze, consisting of six cases. They made no resistance when confronted by the sheriff and his posse. The booze and men were loaded into a car and brought to Montpelier. The men were left in the city jail and the forbidden fluid was added to the sheriff’s rapidly increasing stock in the basement of the court house.

The Austrians were evidently not satisfied with their quarters in the city jail for they took “french leave” of the place some time Tuesday night. They made their escape by tearing away the brick in the east wall until they had a hole large enough for them to crawl out. This was done with two pieces of iron which they either smuggled into the jail or were thoughtlessly left there by the officers.

There were 59 empty whiskey cases in the willows at the point where the men were arrested. The supposition is that the whiskey was brought to the siding near that point, on a freight train and all but the six cases had been divided up among the parties interested, and the two Austrians were left to get their share away the best way they could. The whiskey was all of the “Old Taylor” brand, and it is evident that there is a good supply of that particular brand scattered about Montpelier.

At prevailing boot leggers’ prices, Sheriff Athay has about $20,000 worth of liquor stored in the basement of the court house.

source: Montpelier Examiner. (Montpelier, Idaho), 20 June 1919. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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The Idaho Republican. June 20, 1919, Page 3

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Rose

C. A. Taylor and family are able to be out again after recovering from influenza.

Mrs. W. Z. Hiatt was on the sick list last week.

Peter Swansen and family have recovered from the influenza.

Miss Ella Gardner has recovered from her illness.

Moreland

Miss Martha Tanner died at the Pocatello hospital Thursday, June 12, after suffering with Bright’s disease. She was fifteen years of age and the beloved daughter of Iva M. Tanner. Funeral services were held her Sunday, and interment took place in the Moreland cemetery.

Firth

Dr. R. W. Quick of Cache Valley, Utah, recently a first lieutenant in the U. S. medical corps at Ft. Bliss and Camp Travis, Texas, and who now holds a captain’s commission in the reserve corps, has moved to Firth to stay. He has already a practice and many friends. Then there is Mrs. Quick and the two youngsters. One more family in Firth. Dr. Quick has his offices above the W. J. Ramsey & Son store.

Firth wants a nice big first-class high school, and the commercial club is valiantly on its trail. Petitions are being circulated, and signed by most of the folks at sight, according to Wardell Clinger, secretary of the club. The high school district will take in the three districts of Firth, West Firth and Basalt. The committee in charge of boosting the school thru is composed of Wardell Clinger, M. M. Farmer and F. Ramsey.

source: The Idaho Republican. (Blackfoot, Idaho), 20 June 1919. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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The Idaho Republican. June 20, 1919, Page 4

Shelley

The commencement exercises of the eighth grade here was held in the Second ward chapel last Tuesday, June 10. … Twenty-four graduates for the year 1919 …

Springfield

The oldest son of Erling Paulson has been very seriously ill with diphtheria, but is now recovering.

Sterling

A great many farmers are putting their teams on the road during the irrigating season.

Wicks

George T. Carlson has been on the sick list the past two weeks but is now on the road to recovery.

J. S. McClellan of Blackfoot has painted the coal house and has also done some interior decorating at the school house this week.

(ibid, page 4)
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The Idaho Republican. June 20, 1919, Page 5

Local News

Mrs. J. A. Stewart has been ill this week, seriously enough that she was confined to bed.

Miss Winnefred Biethan returned this week from Ann Arbor, Mich., where she has been studying medicine preliminary to a medical course. Miss Susie Biethan is expected to arrive home soon.

Upper Presto

This community is rejoicing over the fact that a drug store has been established at Firth, with Dr. Quick in charge.

(ibid, page 5)
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The Daily Star-Mirror., June 20, 1919, Page 1

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Two Big Classes Advance In Moscow City Schools

Moscow’s schools closed today. The high school closed with splendid commencement exercises last night and this afternoon the eighth and ninth grades held their commencement in the high school auditorium and in the two commencements 126 diplomas were given. Forty-one passed from the high school and can enter the university. eight-five passed from the grades into the high school, and there was a big list of honor students received diplomas upon the excellent records they have made.

The school year just closed has been the most trying ever known, due to the influenza epidemic which kept the schools closed for weeks at a time. It has been a difficult year for teachers, pupils and parents, but all stood the test well and have acquitted themselves with honor. Moscow is indeed fortunate to have had such a splendid corps of teachers and every one from Superintendent Rich down deserves commendation for the splendid work accomplished.

A class of 41 graduates of the Moscow high school received their diplomas last night at commencement exercises held in the auditorium of the University of Idaho, which was well filled with relatives and friends of the graduates. The record is regarded as an extraordinary one in the face of unprecedented obstacles. First the S. A. T. C. took more than 50 young men from the high school at the beginning of the school year. Then the influenza epidemic closed the schools for weeks. Yet 41 of 45 possibilities at the opening of school last fall, graduated and received their diplomas. The teachers worked “over time” by teaching Saturdays and two weeks after school should have closed, in order to “put the class over.” …

source: The Daily Star-Mirror. (Moscow, Idaho), 20 June 1919. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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Looking West, Main Street, Jerome, Idaho

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Photo courtesy: the Mike Fritz Collection, History of Idaho
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June 23

The Daily Star-Mirror., June 23, 1919, Page 3

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City News

The enrollment of the summer school at the University has reached the number of 99, today, June 23.
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Genesee Man In Hospital

M. K. Smith, well known pioneer of the Genesee neighborhood, is in Gritman’s hospital taking treatment for after effects of influenza. He had the influenza last fall but never recovered from it and has been suffering with heart trouble for some time. Recently he grew worse. Today he was able to get out for a drive about town with his old friend T. Driscoll who came over in his Cole car and took Mr. Smith for a drive which he enjoyed.

source: The Daily Star-Mirror. (Moscow, Idaho), 23 June 1919. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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Kootenai River, Near Jennings, Idaho, Great Northern Railway

JenningsFritz-a

Photo courtesy: the Mike Fritz Collection, History of Idaho
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June 24

The Daily Star-Mirror., June 24, 1919, Page 1

19190624DSM1

American Casualties Grow

Washington. — Total casualties of the American expeditionary forces reported to date announced today by the war department as 289,016. The total number of deaths has reached 75,662.
— —

19190624DSM2

source: The Daily Star-Mirror. (Moscow, Idaho), 24 June 1919. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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The Daily Star-Mirror., June 24, 1919, Page 5

19190624DSM3Soldiers Laugh At Death
Pair Stricken With Influenza on Board Ship Use Prize Ring Count

San Francisco. — A tragic story of how two British soldiers laughed at death is told in a letter received by Harry Annan, assistant manager of the Palace hotel, from a friend in Auckland, New Zealand. An Extract from the letter reads:

“The transport I came home on carried two soldier pals, both of whom had influenza. After the doctor had given them up as hopeless they entertained themselves and their neighbors by counting one another out. It would have been humorous but for the awful tragedy of it; alternately, ‘One-two … eight-nine-out – you dead yet?’ till one of them failed to answer. I don’t know quite how I felt about it; pity and admiration were strangely mixed.”

(ibid, page 5)
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Joseph, Idaho Roundup ca. 1918

Joseph1918Fritz-a

Photo courtesy: the Mike Fritz Collection, History of Idaho
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June 26

The Grangeville Globe. June 26, 1919, Page 5

19190626GG1

Stores Close on July 4th

So that all may have a chance to celebrate the 4th of July with their neighbors, all the stores in the city will be closed all day.
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John Eimers Ill

John P. Eimers, cashier at the First National bank, was compelled to forsake his duties at the bank last week and has since been confined to his home with severe illness. He is somewhat improved at the present time and anticipates a visit to some of the well known health resorts for the benefit of his health. He is able to be up about the house.
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Brought Out Aged Miner
Lived Here Since 1873; Refuses to Enter County Home

Ed Smith and Constable M. F. Daly of White Bird, were in the city the first of the week. Mr. Daly brought out an old miner named Sims, who has been making his home in numerous cabins along the salmon river for a few years past, and who during the winter just passed, lived in an old cellar just below White Bird. It is said Mr. Sims is 83 years of age and while active followed mining along the Salmon since 1872. The county has made a monthly allowance for him for some time past, and as he is growing feeble the good citizens of White Bird offered him a sanitary home in that village where he could be looked after but which he declined. The place where he had been making his home was off the road and no water available, and it was feared he might become helpless. He positively refuses to become an inmate of the county home and the authorities are at a loss to know what disposition to make of him.

source: The Grangeville Globe. (Grangeville, Idaho), 26 June 1919. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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Main Street, Junction, Idaho

JunctionFritz-a

Photo courtesy: the Mike Fritz Collection, History of Idaho
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June 27

American Falls Press. June 27, 1919, Page 5

19190627AFP1

Nurse Hard to Get

Bruce Lampson, county agricultural agent, who is charged with securing a county nurse, as authorized by the county commissioners, says that he is having difficulties. Three nurses had already been secured and dates set for them to come, when raises kept them at home.

Mr. Lampson says that Mrs. Bennett, state leader of county nurses, has others in view and expects to procure one for Power county very shortly.
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Notice

Saturday, July 5th is the last day for the payment of the second installment of the 1918 taxes. If the taxes are not paid on or before this date, delinquency certificates will be issued against the property.

source: American Falls Press. (American Falls, Idaho), 27 June 1919. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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American Falls Press. June 27, 1919, Page 7

19190627AFP2
Heart Trouble Following Influenza

Health talk No. 4
By G. A. Wilson, D. C.

Health authorities are freely predicting that the after-effects of the Spanish Influenza that snuffed out 400,000 lives in the United States will be apparent in heart trouble and lung complaint, with general physical weakness.

The record of chiropractors in the influenza epidemic was inspiring, and the after-effects in cases handled by chiropractors have not been in evidence. The reason for this is that the chiropractic method removed the cause. The disease only attacked those suffering from weakness of lungs, kidneys and bowels. Chiropractic adjustments removed the nerve pressure that caused this weakness, and the disease disappeared without bad after effects. …

[ad for chiropractor]

(ibid, page 7)
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The Meridian Times., June 27, 1919, Page 7

19190627MT1

News Of A Week In Condensed Form
Record Of The Important Events Told In Briefest Manner Possible
Happenings That Are Making History – Information Gathered from All Quarters of the Globe and Given in a Few Lines

Domestic

Government Thomas Riggs, Jr., of Alaska, has received a cable stating the epidemic of influenza at Bristol bay and other western Alaska points had been suppressed.

Foreign

All the American soldiers now have left Archangel except the engineers, who are cleaning up the American Base there and will sail before June 30.

source: The Meridian Times. (Meridian, Idaho), 27 June 1919. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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Further Reading

National League for Women’s Service

The National League for Women’s Service (NLWS) was a United States civilian volunteer organization formed in January 1917 to provide stateside war services such as feeding, caring for and transporting soldiers, veterans and war workers and was described as “America’s largest and most remarkable war emergency organization.”

NLWSWWI, Homefront. Women of National League for Women’s Service knitting. George C. Bain Collection. Courtesy of the Library of Congress.

Foundation

The National League of Women’s Services (NLWS) was established in early 1917 in conjunction with the Red Cross and in anticipation of the US entering the First World War. The League was created from the Woman’s Department of the National Civic Federation readiness and relief activities and was modelled on a similar group formed in Britain, the Voluntary Aid Detachments, and was formed at the National Security League Congress of Constructive Patriotism.

The object of the NLWS was to coordinate and standardize the work of women of America along lines of constructive patriotism; to develop the resources, to promote the efficiency of women in meeting their every-day responsibility to home, to state, to nation and to humanity; to provide organized, trained groups in every community prepared to cooperate with the Red Cross and other agencies in dealing with any calamity-fire, flood, famine, economic disorder, etc., and in time of war, to supplement the work of the Red Cross, the Army and Navy, and to deal with the questions of “Woman’s Work and Woman’s Welfare.” The slogan of the organization was “for God, for Country, for Home.”

The League was divided into thirteen national divisions: Social and Welfare, Home Economics, Agricultural, Industrial, Medical and Nursing, Motor Driving, General Service, Health, Civics, Signalling, Map-reading, Wireless and Telegraphy, and Camping.

It also sponsored the women who formed the Women’s Reserve Camouflage Corps, working to disguise both equipment and soldiers through the art of disguise. Generally, the NLWS was predicated on a military-type regimen of training and drilling. When unrestricted submarine warfare was initiated by Germany in January, 1917, the NLWS accelerated their plans to register women and prepare them to take the place of men that would be needed for fighting. Some members of the NLWS wore uniforms and used military designations.

continued: Wikipedia
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Remembering 1919, one hundred years later

The same year the Spanish flu hit Bristol Bay, the salmon run collapsed. These two events reshaped the region.

By Sage Smiley July 29, 2019 KDLG

“1919 changed everything.” said Katie Ringsmuth, the director of the NN Cannery History Project. “The Spanish flu arrived to Alaska in 1918 and devastated the population. It killed more people per capita than any place in the United States, perhaps in the world. People thought it had run its course that winter, but when cannery ships arrived in 1919, people were quickly becoming sick, it was evidenced it was influenza, and it devastated not just the Native population, it killed many people who lived here, but it really changed the demographics in this region.”

Within weeks of the start of the 1919 fishing season, hundreds of cannery workers and locals were infected with the Spanish flu.

The virus wiped out most of the adult population in many villages around Bristol Bay, leaving behind dozens of orphaned children. One of the communities most changed by the outbreak was Naknek.

For a time, those children were housed in the abandoned jail on the Diamond NN Cannery property. A doctor named Linus French took in many of the orphans, and eventually moved with them to Dillingham. And some of those orphans eventually returned to the cannery.

“It’s those people who are the people that become the wintermen, the laundry ladies, the store keepers, the set netters, the fishermen, and they become the caretakers of the cannery,” Ringsmuth said.

As the flu devastated Bristol Bay’s population and reshaped its communities, another pillar of the region’s culture and economy was collapsing.

“The salmon run dropped from 25 million in 1918 to just 6 million in 1919,” explained Bob King, who works with the history project. “And it took everybody aback. They didn’t know what to make of it, because they didn’t understand the science back then, and what they knew was completely wrong.”

The utter failure of the run laid the groundwork for the fisheries management system we still use today.

excerpted from:
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Influenza in Bristol Bay, 1919: “The Saddest Repudiation of a Benevolent Intention”

Maria Gilson deValpine Journal Sage

Abstract

The 1918 influenza pandemic has been blamed for as many as 50 million deaths worldwide. Like all major disasters, the full story of the pandemic includes smaller, less noted episodes that have not attracted historical attention. The story of the 1919 wave of the influenza pandemic in Bristol Bay Alaska is one such lost episode. It is an important story because the most accessible accounts — the Congressional Record and the Coast Guard Report — are inconsistent with reports made by employees, health care workers, and volunteers at the site of the disaster. Salmon fishing industry supervisors and medical officers recorded their efforts to save the region’s Native Alaskans in private company reports. The federal Bureau of Education physician retained wireless transmission, reports, and letters of events. The Coast Guard summarized its work in its Annual Report of 1920. The independent Bureau of Fisheries report to the Department of Commerce reveals the Coast Guard report at striking odds with others and reconciles only one account. This article explores the historical oversight, and attempts to tell the story of the 1919 wave of the pandemic which devastated the Native Alaskan population in this very remote place.

continued:
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Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 1)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 2)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 3)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 4)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 5)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 6)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 7)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 8)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 9)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 10)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 11)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 12)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 13)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 14)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 15)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 16)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 17)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 18)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 19)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 20)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 21)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 22)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 23)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 24)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 25)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 26)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 27)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 28)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 29)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 30)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 31)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 32)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 33)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 34)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 35)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 36)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 37)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 38)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 39)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 40)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 41)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 42)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 43)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 44)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 45)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 46)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 47)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 48)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 49)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 50)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 51)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 52)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 53)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 54)
Link to Idaho 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic (Part 55)