Idaho 1918-1920 Influenza Pandemic
Idaho Newspaper clippings February 2-4, 1920
Idaho photos courtesy: the Mike Fritz Collection, History of Idaho
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The Daily Star-Mirror., February 02, 1920, Page 1
Flu Situation Still Improving
Number Of New Cases Show Marked Decrease – Conditions Much Better
The the influenza situation is much better not only in Moscow but almost everywhere is the gist of reports received today. Chicago’s new cases have dropped from 2563 a week ago Saturday to about 500 Sunday. The number of new cases in Moscow is below the number of convalescents released as cured. Every day now sees more people released from quarantine than are placed under quarantine. Dr. Leitch, city health officer, gives an encouraging report with some excellent advice, Dr. Leitch has issued the following statement of conditions in Moscow. He says:
Health Officer’s Statement
“The ‘flu’ situation of the past week is as follows: For the first five days of the week, the number of new cases reported, averaged 48 for each day; for Friday and Saturday the average cases reported was 28 for each day, for Sunday 27 cases. The total cases reported for January was 456. Out of this total there are two deaths, Mr. Duffy and Mr. Rich. The case of the Burr boy was not reported in the total number, as he was brought in from the country. There are still a few severe cases.
“From the report it can be seen that the large majority of cases are recovering, but extreme care must be taken with all cases, as complications may occur at any time. All exertion must be omitted by the patients.”
Fon du Lac Scared Stiff
Fon du Lac, Wis. — Fon du Lac’s population is nearly panic stricken over the rapid spread of the influenza epidemic.
For the past week there have been an average of fifty cases reported daily, but yesterday and today the report showed 87 and 92. A dozen people have died.
Tonight the health board imposed a ban on all public meeting places.
Fewer Cases in New York
New York. — There were 904 fewer influenza cases reported today than on Saturday when 4,895 cases were reported. There was also a falling off of 146 pneumonia cases from yesterday’s record of 811.
Decrease in Chicago
Chicago. — New cases of influenza reported today numbered 591 against 860 Saturday, and pneumonia cases decreased from 352 to 246. Influenza caused 98 deaths, as compared with 122 yesterday, and 75 persons died of pneumonia, a decrease of ten.
St. Louis Schools Close
St. Louis, Mo. — There were 430 cases of influenza reported here today, bringing the total since January 19, to 3,578. All public and private schools will close tomorrow at noon.
Improvement at Nezperce
Nezperce. — There are indications of improvement in the influenza situation at Nezperce and everything was pronounced in good shape by County Health Officer Dr. E. Taylor, who was here today from Kamiah. There have been no deaths at Nezperce but a few new cases are reported each day. The cases are generally mild but a strict quarantine is being maintained and it is proposed to keep on the ban until the disease has been entirely eradicated.
Death at Grangeville
Grangeville. — Mrs. George Manning died today from influenza-pneumonia, with which she was stricken about ten days ago. Mrs. Manning was about 33 years of age and is survived by her husband and three daughters.
Moscow Mourns For John H. Rich
Popular City School Superintendent Called By Death Saturday Night
Professor John H. Rich, superintendent of Moscow city schools, is dead.
His death occurred at 9 o’clock last Saturday night. He went to a local hospital suffering with influenza just a week before and his case was regarded as serious from the start. Mrs. Rich was also stricken with the disease but recovered and was able to be up and about the hospital when the summons came to her husband. She was taken to the home of her brother, Thomas Asbury, where she is being cared for.
Professor Rich’s death came as a shock to his thousands of friends, few of whom knew of his illness until the announcement of his death was made. He was such a strong, robust man, of such fine physique that few would have believed the “flu” would prove fatal in his case so quickly. Only a short time ago he was examined for life insurance and the examining physician stated that he had examined few men as physically fit as Professor Rich.
The funeral arrangements have not been completed. The funeral will probably occur Thursday or Friday. His parents are expected here from Cedar Rapids, Iowa, and the date of funeral will not be set until it is known when the relatives will arrive. The body is at Grice’s undertaking parlors. …
Wants $10,000 To Fight Influenza In Seattle
Seattle. — Dr. H. M. Reed, city health commissioner, yesterday applied to the finance committee of the city council for an appropriation of $10,000 to be used in meeting the needs incident to the influenza run in Seattle. But 13 cases of influenza were reported in Seattle yesterday and there is no occasion for alarm, Dr. Reed said. The emergency will be over in two weeks, he predicted.
Idaho County Has Woman Deputy Sheriff
Boise, Idaho. — The town of Grangeville, Idaho, has a full fledged woman deputy sheriff, Miss Florence Murray. She has been given the same work as a regular deputy and will not only gather evidence for prosecutions, but will make arrests as well. Miss Murray, according to state officials here, has the distinction of being the first woman deputy sheriff ever named in the state of Idaho.
source: The Daily Star-Mirror. (Moscow, Idaho), 02 Feb. 1920. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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The Daily Star-Mirror., February 02, 1920, Page 3
The funeral services of Samuel Sletto, who died of influenza, will be held at Troy Tuesday and the body will be brought to Moscow for burial Tuesday afternoon. Mr. Sletto was 38 years of age. His brothers, Thomas, Fred and Martin, have arrived from Champion, Alberta.
Robert Leitch, who is now employed at the jewelry store of Bolles and Anderson, is confined to his home with influenza. Mr. Claiborne, the watch maker, is also ill.
Miss Villa Leeper, primary teacher of the Viola schools, left today for her home at Peck, Idaho. The Viola schools will remain closed at least until February 9, on account of the influenza condition.
Miss Thresa Baken, who teaches in the Kendrick schools, returned home today. The Kendrick schools will be closed for two weeks.
The play by the Drama Club at Guild Hall has been postponed until Tuesday of next week, February 10.
The annual meeting of the Women’s Home and Foreign Missionary Society of the Swedish Lutheran church, which was to have been held Friday afternoon at the home of Mrs. V. Ramstedt, has been postponed until further notice.
(ibid, page 3)
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The Daily Star-Mirror., February 02, 1920, Page 4
Post Office Force Better
Postmaster Morgareidge, whose illness has caused his friends much uneasiness, is reported better today and it is believed he is gong to escape pneumonia, with which he was threatened Saturday night and Sunday. Assistant Postmaster Sudderth has so far recovered from his illness to be able to be back at work, although quite weak. He did not have the influenza however, he says he had enough of that last year to last a life time.
Parsons Family Recovering
L. F. Parsons, executive secretary of the University of Idaho, has recovered from a short but severe attack of “flu” and is today attending to his work, although quite weak.
Highway Meeting Postponed
Owing to the fact that two of the commissioners of Moscow highway district (No. 2) are under quarantine no meeting of the district board was held this afternoon as had been planned. G. P. Mix and Joseph Hazeltine are quarantined with “flu” although both have recovered from the disease, but their physicians refused to permit them to attend the meeting which was to have been held today. The date of the meeting will be announced as soon as it becomes definitely known.
Juliaetta Schools Closed For One Week
Juliaetta. — There are about 25 to 30 cases of “flu” in Juliaetta. The schools have been ordered closed for one week, at the end of which time decision will be made by the school board as to whether the period of closing will be extended.
Principal J. W. Buchanan of the Juliaetta public school left this morning for his home at Hayden Lake, he [is] to be summoned by phone when the school will be ready to reopen.
The cases of influenza at Juliaetta are all of a mild type, there having been no serious cases so far.
(ibid, page 4)
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Main Street, Wardner, Idaho (1)
Photo courtesy: the Mike Fritz Collection, History of Idaho
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The Caldwell Tribune. February 03, 1920, Page 1
There will be no meeting of the Good Cheer club Thursday February 5, owing to the sickness in the T. C. Pearson home.
Harry Rogers and Tom Glenn, two city employees with the street department are undergoing an enforced vacation because of illness.
Persons who have concluded during the past few days that the telephone company has suspended operations here are asked by H. C. Groesbeck, local manager, to bear in mind that telephone girls, as well as any one else, are subject to mumps and influenza. Monday, six operators were ill with one of the two diseases and telephone service suffered in proportion.
source: The Caldwell Tribune. (Caldwell, Idaho), 03 Feb. 1920. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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The Caldwell Tribune. February 03, 1920, Page 3
Interesting Items From Surrounding Territory
There will be an entertainment and box social at the Lone Star school house Friday night, February 13. Everybody invited.
Mr. Franklin Brown is confined to his bed with the mumps.
Miss Westanna Linner is ill with the mumps.
Francis Faris is going to school again, having recovered from the mumps.
A number of families in our community are having the influenza. It is running light this year and no one is seriously ill.
Supt. W. E. Goodell is having a light attack of the influenza and has not been in school this week.
Miss Vannie Lister, one of the high school teachers, is ill at her home at Star.
Mrs. Tom Rooney is quite ill at her home with influenza.
Funeral services were held last Sunday at Sterry memorial church for Mrs. Mable Hervey Sloan, wife of Edward G. Sloan. Mrs. Sloan died in Boise from a complication of diseases.
Greandma Blacksma passed away Tuesday morning January 27 at the home of her son of pneumonia. Grandma had been poorly for years. She had a complication of diseases and a few days before her death was stricken with pneumonia of which she was unable to rally. …
Mr. W. L. Gibbons went to Meridian to help care for a brother that is quite ill at that place.
Mrs. Kay Gibbons and Roy Jr., are ill with the influenza.
Verna Altizer is on the sick list this week.
Nurse Walston who was caring for little Hubert Weeks returned to Caldwell Sunday.
Mr. Kimes who has been suffering from a bad cold, has taken a back set and it is feared he now has influenza.
Mumps, scarlet fever and tonsillitis are still raging over the district.
(ibid, page 3)
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The Caldwell Tribune. February 03, 1920, Page 4
Nothing is to be gained by refusing to acknowledge that influenza long expected has assumed an epidemic form that promises to rival the 1918 record from the point of prevalence.
There is less sense in developing an influenza scare. Sanity, common sense and reasonable precautions by every individual can do much to combat the disease. It is today a well recognized fact that fear is a contributing factor in spreading disease by decreasing immunity to its ravages.
(ibid, page 4)
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The Caldwell Tribune. February 03, 1920, Page 7
Influenza Has Grip On State
Dread Disease, Increasing In Virulence, Shows Rapid Spread
Boise, Feb. 1. — A total of 2,488 cases of influenza, 18 influenza deaths and 15 pneumonia deaths have been reported to this office for the week ending January 31st.
The hopeful note in the situation is to be found in the fact that many of the communities have been able to bring the situation under control. Reports received toward the end of the week diminished materially. The virulence of the infection seems to be gradually increasing, the influenza and pneumonia deaths showing a marked increase of the previous week.
Following are the total cases:
Boise … 168
Kuna … 40
Star … 82
Meridian … 30
Rural … 42
Pocatello … 8
Bancroft … 2
McCammon … 3
Rural … 14
Bear Lake County:
Montpelier … 280
Rural … 66
St. Maries … 122
Rural … 8
Plummer … 2
Carey … 48
Boise County: 22
Laclede … 4
Idaho Falls … 5
Nampa … 439
Parma … 62
Caldwell … 12
Fairfield … 3
Soda Springs … 12
Burley … 13
Orofino … 97
Rural … 13
Mountain Home … 3
Glenn’s Ferry … 2
Preston … 1
Ashton … 1
St. Anthony … 1
Emmett … 1
Grangeville … 1
Stites … 25
Roberts … 3
Jerome … 1
Rose Lake … 8
Moscow … 207
Potlatch … 3
Bovill … 4
Ilo … 5
Rural … 5
Shoshone … 1
Madison County: 78
Minidoka County: 146
Nez Perce County:
Lewiston … 103
Lapwai … 31
Culdesac … 69
Leland … 10
Gifford … 13
Owyhee County: 39
New Plymouth … 2
Payette … 4
Wallace … 17
Rural … 18
Twin Falls County:
Twin Falls … 61
Buhl … 1
Filer … 14
Valley County: 150
Cambridge … 83
Weiser … 49
Midvale … 1
(ibid, page 7)
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The Caldwell Tribune. February 03, 1920, Page 8
Items of Interest From Surrounding Territory
The Z. B. Barker family called at the W. E. Owens home at Wilder last Sunday. Miss Mildred is ill with a light attack of influenza.
Robert Pierce who has been entertaining the mumps for some time is able to be out again.
Mrs. Walter Aten has been very ill with the influenza for the past week but is improving.
Miss Djupe, county nurse, has offered to come here and form a free nursing class among the women of the valley. There are 15 lessons in the course and this is something every home needs. All who wish to join or to inquire further about the class can get information from Mrs. Z. B. Barker, Mrs. Walter Matson or Mrs. Clarence Moler.
Burnard Barker was taken very ill Thursday morning and Dr. Mitchell pronounced the case to be influenza. He is more comfortable at this writing.
Mrs. Victor Gibson and Irene, returned Friday night from Crane, Ore., having left her sister greatly improved. On account of the terrible epidemic of influenza there, Mrs. Weston remained to help nurse relations.
Dr. Mitchell was called to the West home Friday night where almost the entire family have the influenza.
Alfred Suiter went home from school Friday with the influenza.
The Klare family, on the Hudson place, have several sick also.
C. of S. Notes
Edward Jones of Parma, a student at the college is ill at his home.
Ezra Hinshow of Greenleaf, the new elected president of the College of Idaho associated student body was ill at his home during the special meeting of the students at which he was elected.
A large number of the girls of the College of Idaho have been teaching for the past few days and a number of the boys have served their time at different positions for people who had the influenza.
(ibid, page 8)
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The Caldwell Tribune. February 03, 1920, Page 9
Ten Davis News
La Verne and Winston Miller are recovering rapidly from the influenza.
Carol Gahley went back to Boise Wednesday. She has been confined to her home here with influenza for the past week.
Sidney McLaughlin stayed home from college this week to help his father while Marvin is sick with influenza.
A. E. Dunn and family have been sick this past week.
Cross Evans is ill with the influenza.
Chub Johnson has been sick for several days with tonsillitis this week.
Grandma Dahley is staying at the Willard Barthles home caring for little Ruth who has pneumonia. She is improving slowly.
The bridge by McLaughlin has been fixed and the traffic has been resumed. The banks of the creek by Videnes have been graded down so the [mail] carrier can ford the creek now. L. E. Small delivered the mail this side of the Hollow the first of the week.
(ibid, page 9)
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Bonners Ferry Herald. February 03, 1920, Page 4
Mrs. B. A. Barnes has been ill the past week with an attack of Spanish influenza.
Ed Miley and George Harvey have been on the sick list this week with Spanish influenza.
H. A. Gale has been home the past week and most of the time has been suffering from an attack of Spanish influenza. He is a representative of the International Harvester Company, with headquarters in Spokane.
J. A. Welch, chairman of the board of county commissioners, and J. B. Brody, county auditor, left Sunday afternoon for Boise, Idaho, to attend the sessions of the county commissioners of the various counties of the state, which will convene today. County Commissioner Chambers is ill at his home near Copeland with the Spanish influenza and was unable to attend the meeting and Auditor Brody went in his stead.
The basketball game scheduled for last Friday evening between the Bonners Ferry high school and the Kalispell, Mont., high school, was postponed. The Kalispell team had a game with Libby on Thursday night but on account of the sickness of Libby players the came was called off. Kalispell wanted Bonners Ferry to play Thursday night instead of Friday but several home team players were ill and not in condition to play so this proposal was rejected.
Mrs. Caroline W. Flood, superintendent of the county schools, has received notice from Miss Ethel Redfield, state superintendent of public instruction, that $1,695.86 has been apportioned Boundary county from the public school interest fund.
source: Bonners Ferry Herald. (Bonners Ferry, Idaho), 03 Feb. 1920. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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Bonners Ferry Herald. February 03, 1920, Page 5
Clare Yahne has been seriously ill the past week with an attack of Spanish influenza. At last reports he was considerably improved in health.
Mr. and Mrs. Joe Neumayer, residents of the Porthill district, have been in the city several days the past week. Mr. Neumayer was sick the first of the week with the la grippe and the latter part of the week Mrs. Neumayer also took sick with the disease.
(ibid, page 5)
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The Daily Star-Mirror., February 03, 1920, Page 1
School Children Barred From Shows
City Health Officer Issues Warning to Theatres – Conditions Better
Only 19 new cases were reported Monday, the smallest number in 10 days, and conditions generally are much improved. Last week the average number of cases for the first five days was 48 new ones daily. This week starts off with 27 Sunday and but 19 Monday. There are very few serious cases at this time and more cases are being released from quarantine every day than are being quarantined. Taken as a whole the situation is very encouraging.
Spokane is being hard hit, there being 419 new cases reported there in the past two days and five deaths were reported yesterday. Lewiston reports conditions greatly improved with no deaths yesterday. Grangeville reports one death and one other case that is regarded as serious. But the conditions throughout the country are generally better.
Dr. Leitch, city health officer, has forbidden school children attending the theatres while the school is closed. This is due to the fact that when there is no school the children are not examined as they are daily while school is in progress. Dr. Leitch issued two orders which are here given. They follow:
School Children Barred
Owing to the closing of the public schools, all school children are forbidden to attend picture shows, with or without inspection, until further notice.
Any picture show house known to violate this order will be closed until the influenza epidemic is passed.
F. M. Leitch, City Health Officer
Removing Quarantine Flags
All persons wishing quarantine cards removed should call their attending physician and when he deems it safe to remove the same he will order the police to take it down but not before the last patient is clear of fever at least four days.
F. M. Leitch, City Health Officer
Much Worse in Spokane
Spokane. — Owning to continued spread of the influenza epidemic in Spokane, health officers yesterday ordered placing of restrictions on theatres and public schools. Effective today, all theatres must close between 4:30 p.m. and 5:30 p.m. for ventilation, and no children are to be permitted in schools who come from homes where illness prevails. Three thousand children and forty teachers are absent from school, either because of illness, fear of illness or illness in the family.
There were 349 new cases yesterday, with six deaths. One physician, however, reported 104 of the cases, some of them a week old.
More Cases, Fewer Deaths
Chicago. — Deaths from influenza and pneumonia in the last 24 hours decreased from the number reported Sunday, but new cases increased more than 300.
Influenza totaled 802 patients with 89 deaths and new cases of pneumonia numbered 374 with 69 deaths.
Heavy Increase in Kansas
Topeka. — With more than 11,980 cases of influenza in Kansas and new cases reported by the hundreds every day the state board of health last night issued a state-wide call for volunteer nurses.
Twenty deaths from influenza and 4481 new cases were reported since Saturday.
Colorado Closes Public Places
Boulder, Colo. — All places of public assembly, including the University of Colorado, were ordered closed yesterday by the board of health on account of influenza.
Gov. Burnquist Seriously Ill
St. Paul. — There was practically no change last night in the condition of Governor Burnquist seriously ill with pneumonia which followed influenza.
Montana Not Badly Off
Helena. — For the week ending Saturday night last, there were reported to the state board of health 1022 new cases of influenza within the state of Montana. There were three deaths of influenza for the same period.
source: The Daily Star-Mirror. (Moscow, Idaho), 03 Feb. 1920. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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The Daily Star-Mirror., February 03, 1920, Page 3
The home department of the Historical club, which was to have met Friday at the home of Mrs. H. O. Perry, is indefinitely postponed, to comply with the health regulations. Notice of the meeting will be given later.
The public library will be closed until further notice.
Mrs. James Casey of Coeur d’Alene arrived in Moscow today to visit her daughter, Miss Marion Casey, a student at the university. Miss Casey is ill of influenza and is now at the girls’ hospital at Mrs. Hutton’s home.
Dr. F. M. Leitch is ill at his home of catarrhal fever. His condition is not serious and he is improving.
Mr. and Mrs. Max Reitze and two children are ill of influenza, on the N. Williamson farm north of Moscow. Mrs. F. Reitz and Miss Ida Yates of Moscow are assisting in nursing. Mrs. Reitze’s sister, Miss Anna Steensma of Juliaetta arrived here today to assist also.
Victor Orr, has returned to his work as cashier at the Northern Pacific station, after an illness of influenza. Mrs. Orr and family have all been ill of the same disease and one of the smaller children is still quite seriously sick.
President E. H. Lindley is expected to return home this evening from southern Idaho, where the educational campaign has been cancelled on account of the epidemic condition.
(ibid, page 3)
* catarrhal fever (1) An obsolete, nonspecific term once applied to various respiratory and upper respiratory infections, including the common cold, influenza, pneumonia and bronchopneumonia.
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Warm Lake, Idaho ca. 1963 (1)
Photo courtesy: the Mike Fritz Collection, History of Idaho
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The Challis Messenger., February 04, 1920, Page 1
Quarantine Is Established Against Flu
Owing to the fact that the epidemic of Spanish Influenza is increasing rapidly throughout the state and its rapid approach to the section, where we have no cases of the disease, it was thought best by County Health Officer, Dr. C. L. Kirtley, and the people of Salmon river in general, to establish a quarantine again on Willow creek summit in an effort to keep the disease out of this section.
A year ago much trouble was caused by some parties evading the quarantine and it is hoped that we will not have a recurrence of it again.
There are now over 3,000 cases of flu in the state, 18 influenza deaths and 15 pneumonia deaths have been reported throughout the state up to the first of this month.
Lower Big Lost and [?] Little Lost river valleys are reported as having many cases, over 50 cases being reported in Arco alone.
No quarantine has been established between here and Pahsamaroi or up-river points as no flu has developed there to date.
source: The Challis Messenger. (Challis, Idaho), 04 Feb. 1920. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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The Challis Messenger., February 04, 1920, Page 5
Items About People You Know
To Boise — County Commissioners Bennetts and Campbell left last Sunday morning for Boise, where they went to attend a meeting of the County commissioners of the state. Mr. Campbell, upon arriving at Mackay, decided that the flu was a little too prevalent on the outside and returned to Challis Monday on his way to his home near Clayton.
Mrs. Harrington Ill — Mrs. J. A. Harrington has been a sufferer from quinsy for the past week. Montez Harrington, who has been suffering from typhoid fever, is improving now.
(ibid, page 5)
* Quinsy: An old term for a peritonsillar abscess
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The Challis Messenger., February 04, 1920, Page 7
Idaho And Idahoans
A mild form of influenza has appeared at Lewiston and the authorities are taking precautions to keep the disease checked. No serious cases are reported.
It is not permissible under Idaho laws for garages to sell denatured alcohol, even for the purpose of keeping automobile radiators from freezing. The state attorney general gives this opinion in the answer to queries from the department of law enforcement.
Two members of the state constabulary in conjunction with the county sheriff’s office, made several raids in Burley one day last week. Several homes were entered where large quantities of home made beer was found.
The first instance of death in Twin Falls from drinking “corners’ cocktails,” was recorded January 23. The victim is J. B. Grubbs, 65, an elderly man, who is said to have died from a concoction of extracts and “dope.”
A man giving the name of H. R. Chase, The Dallas, Ore., was arrested and seven suitcases filled with whisky were seized by revenue officers on a westbound Oregon Short Line train at Caldwell.
(ibid, page 7)
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The Challis Messenger., February 04, 1920, Page 8
Quarantine Regulations County Health Officer
To the Public Generally;
Whereas a contagious and infectious disease known as influenza has again made its appearance in many states and particularly in certain parts of Custer county, public health demands that prompt and efficient measures be taken to prevent the spread of said disease to those portions of Custer county not yet infected.
1st. Now, therefore, it is ordered by the County Health Officer of Custer county that all of that portion of Custer county which drains into Salmon River shall and is hereby declared to be a quarantine district for the purpose of preventing the introduction of Influenza into the said district. Said quarantine district and this order creating the same shall remain in full force until the further order of the Board of Health of said Custer county, Idaho.
2nd. All persons are prohibited from entering said district without a permit from the County Health Officer.
3rd. The County Health Officer is hereby authorized and empowered to appoint as many quarantine guards and to create as many quarantine districts as may be necessary to enforce these rules and regulations.
4th. The County Health Officer of Custer County, Idaho, shall cause to be printed suitable permits and quarantine cards in harmony with law and those regulations and place a sufficient number of said permits and quarantine cards at each quarantine station with the quarantine guards stationed there to meet all such necessary demands. It is hereby and herein further ordered and directed that the County Health Officer shall provide all quarantine guards at each quarantine station with “yellow flags” of suitable size to be used by said quarantine guards in placing or causing same to be placed on the vehicle in which said person or persons are traveling.
5th. All persons coming into said district and desiring to remain therein shall be quarantined for a period of four days, at the home of such person or persons, in case they have a home in said district, and if not, then in some suitable place prepared and created by the County Health Officer.
6th. All persons having business to transact in said district may enter said district and attend to the business, and depart again from said district; but all homes or other places to which such persons [?] allowed to [?] and enter must be quarantined for a period of four days; sick person or persons so entering under the provision of this section shall stop at the first quarantine [?] the road [?] that such person or persons [?[ quarantine district, and procure a written permit therefor; said permit shall direct such person or persons to travel the most direct public highway to and from [?] or their homes, or place where they [?], without a [?] and that each home or place where such person or persons shall go or stop, shall be quarantined by the placing of a [?] quarantine card up in a conspicuous place on said residence or place where such person or persons shall go or stop as aforesaid; said quarantine card shall be supplied such person or persons by said quarantine [guard], such quarantine to be and remain in full force and effect for a period of four days from and after such person or persons shall so enter as aforesaid; and in the event any such person or persons or others in said home shall become afflicted with said disease then in such case, said quarantine of said home or place shall be and remain in full force and virtue until ordered discontinued by said County Health Officer. It is further hereby and herein provided that all persons entering said quarantine district as aforesaid, shall place in a conspicuous place on the vehicle in which they travel a “yellow flag” and keep said flag thereon for a period of four days provided they remain in said quarantine district for such period of time; said flag to be applied by the quarantine guard.
7th. All persons desiring continuous passage through said district shall be granted such privilege, but such person or persons shall first procure from such quarantine guard a permit and flag therefore, and all homes and other places in which they may be permitted to stop and enter shall be quarantined for a period of four days, as provided in Rule Sixth hereof.
8th. The County Health Officer is hereby empowered and directed to cause to be printed large quarantine cards to be posted up in a conspicuous places at each quarantine stations so created and aforesaid, which said quarantine card shall correctly describe the boundaries of the Quarantine District hereby created.
9th. Every person or persons, company or corporation violating any of the provisions of this Order will be prosecuted as in such case made and provided.
An emergency existing therefore, this Order shall be and is in full force and effect from the date hereof.
Penalty for violations of this Order is $50.00 fine or imprisonment in the county jail for ninety days or by both such fine and imprisonment.
Dated at Challis, Idaho, this 4th day of February, 1920.
(ibid, page 8)
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The Daily Star-Mirror., February 04, 1920, Page 1
Fewer Number Of Influenza Cases
Only Fifteen New Cases Reported Tuesday, Lowest Number To Date
The decrease in number of new influenza cases in Moscow continues with gratifying regularity. Only 15 new cases were reported Tuesday as compared with 19 Monday, 27 Sunday, 28 Saturday, and 48 per day for the five days preceding last Saturday. Many more were released from quarantine and the work of taking down influenza cards posted on Moscow homes is going forward rapidly.
There have been no deaths since Monday evening and the cases that were regarded as serious are reported better today. The outlook is indeed encouraging and there is a bright prospect that school may be opened in Moscow Monday as it will be in Lewiston. All reports from Moscow and surrounding territory shows that conditions are rapidly getting better and there is every reason to believe the crest of the waves has past [sic] and conditions will continue to improve.
Better at Lewiston Today
Lewiston reports conditions much better than they have been for several days. While Lewiston has a number of severe cases and is expecting more deaths the prediction is made that within 10 days normal conditions will prevail. Lewiston schools will reopen Monday after having been closed for several weeks.
Another Death at Grangeville
Grangeville. — George D. Stansbury, a retired farmer of the Winona section, who has been making his home in Grangeville, passed away early yesterday morning, a victim of influenza that developed into pneumonia. He leaves a wife and five children. Mr. Stansbury’s death is the fourth due to the epidemic.
Elmer Kennedy, a carpenter, ill with the disease, has received a setback after entering upon a convalescent stage and while his condition is unsatisfactory it is not serious. The general situation is much improved.
Death at Clarkston
Clarkston. — Mrs. T. H. Seay of Grangeville died here last night. She had been in the city but a short time, the cause of death being pneumonia. The remains will be taken to Grangeville for interment.
Marked Increase at Spokane
Spokane. — Influenza continued on the increase in Spokane yesterday, 257 new cases being reported for the day. There are a total of 1354 cases in the city. No deaths had been reported up to late last night.
225 Cases at Sunnyside
Yakima, Wash. — Message from Sunnyside yesterday stated that 225 cases of influenza were under care of two doctors and that Mrs. R. C. McCredie, president of the state board of health, had asked that the entire city be quarantined and all places of public assemblage closed.
Decrease at Chicago
Chicago. — Deaths from influenza in the last 24 hours totaled 109 and 782 new cases were reported. Pneumonia cases numbered 330 with 75 deaths.
Severe in Kansas
Topeka, Kan. — New influenza cases reported in Kansas yesterday totaled 3619 with 21 deaths.
67 Deaths in California
Sacramento, Cal. — Sixty-seven deaths in California from influenza were reported the last 48 hours. This established a high record, it was said. New influenza cases reported numbered 1408.
4000 a Day in Illinois
Springfield, Ill. — New cases of influenza in Illinois are developing at the rate of 4000 a day, it was announced.
7000 Cases in Copenhagen
Copenhagen. — Seven thousand new cases of influenza have been reported in this city the past week.
Epidemic in Mexico
Mexico City. — Influenza has reappeared in epidemic form in Mexico. Many cases have been reported in this city and 60 soldiers have been found ill with the malady. Reports state influenza has appeared in the states along the United States frontier.
$25,000 Reward For Cure
Denver, Col. — The Denver Post yesterday announced it would pay $25,000 to the physician finding a cure for influenza. The money is to be paid after the cure has been approved by the Rockefeller foundation and Johns Hopkins university, Baltimore.
Colfax Claps Lid On All Gatherings
Emergency Hospital Opened, Theatres, Schools and Pool Rooms Closed
Colfax, Wash. — Because of the rapid spread of influenza within the last day or two, there was a meeting of all the physicians yesterday afternoon at Dr. Mitchell’s office, attended by the school directors. It was decided to close all places off public gathering until the epidemic can be checked. The order of the health officer became effective Sunday night and all picture shows, cigar stores and pool halls were closed and there were no evening services in the churches. The schools are also closed.
Cots and equipment have been received from the Spokane Red Cross and the emergency hospital in the K. P. building is ready, and two patients are being cared for there. Health Officer Benson reporting that there will probably be about 15 taken there during the day. The emergency hospital is in charge of Miss Thompson, a nurse from the hospital, assisted by Mrs. McManus. It is estimated that there are about 100 cases in town, nearly all of them having developed since Friday.
Show Registration Cards
Students of the university, wishing to enter Moscow theatres will be required to show their registration cards. This is in order to identify them. There is no ban against university students attending the shows but the management is forbidden to admit students of the high school and grade school but university students will be admitted if they show their registration cards.
D. W. Miller Has the Flu
D. W. Miller, well-known in Moscow, has the influenza in Chicago where he went recently to take a position as assistant professor of English in the Chicago University. He had resigned a similar position at Washington State College, Pullman, to accept the Chicago offer which pays $400 per year more salary than the Pullman job. Mr. Miller went east to begin work and secure a place to live and Mrs. Miller, nee Helen Patton, came to Moscow to remain with her parents, Mr. and Mrs. C. H. Patton, until her husband prepared a home for her in Chicago. This morning she received a telegram announcing that Mr. Miller has influenza, but whether in mild or severe form was not stated.
Airplanes Used in Taking Census
Every Mode Of Travel Being Used By Government Census Enumerators
Everything from aeroplanes to snowshoes is being used by the agents of Uncle Sam in taking the 1920 census of the United States. About the only modern method of transportation either on, or over, or below land or water that has not been employed in enumerating Uncle Sam’s nieces and nephews seems to be the submarine.
Aeroplanes have come in handy in enumerating the dwellers on the islands off the coast of Florida; yachts and rowboats have been used in the harbors of the country; native canoes have been in demand among the Hawaiian Islands; “flivvers” are being used everywhere; the tried and trusty mule team has carried the census takers out on the desert regions; and snowshoes have become the trusted aides of the census gathers [sic] in the northern states and Alaska.
Enumerator Turns Rescuer
In the central part of New York state, near Oswego, a few days ago an enumerator making his rounds on snowshoes arrived at an isolated farm dwelling only to find that an ablebodied man was needed more than a census gatherer as the man of the family had been sick in bed for several days and the farm animals were suffering for lack of food and water. The census man, like any good neighbor would, stopped long enough to do the chores, dig out paths through the deep snow and put things in shipshape order before continuing this journey.
source: The Daily Star-Mirror. (Moscow, Idaho), 04 Feb. 1920. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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The Daily Star-Mirror., February 04, 1920, Page 3
Mr. Ben Hadsall is a victim of the disease of influenza and is quite ill at his home on the south Washington street.
Mrs. E. H. Davidson left yesterday for her home at Spokane after assisting in nursing through a siege of influenza, her parents, Mr. and Mrs. C. L. Hoy and family.
Dr. H. L. Axtell and family were released from quarantine today. All members of the family were ill, Mr. Axtell having had a relapse. They had influenza.
Mrs. G. F. Savage was called to Pullman today by the illness of her mother, who has contracted influenza.
Prof. and Mrs. H. H. Conwell were released today from quarantine after a siege of the “flu.”
Mrs. M. M. Snow and daughter, Mrs. Doyle and grandson, are improving from an attack of influenza. Mrs. Judd of Spokane is the attendant nurse.
The Royal Neighbors will not hold its regular meeting Thursday night on account of the influenza situation.
(ibid, page 3)
The Woman Who Made History by Answering the Phone
By Jennifer Latson September 1, 2015
Telephone operators sitting in front of a long switchboard at the Cortlandt Exchange in New York City around the turn of the century Hulton Archive / Getty Images
The first telephones were hard enough to use without the added harassment of the teenage boys who worked as the earliest switchboard operators — and who were, per PBS, notoriously rude.
It was Alexander Graham Bell himself who came up with a solution: replacing the abrupt male operators with young women who were expected to be innately polite. He hired a woman named Emma Nutt away from her job at a telegraph office, and on this day, Sept. 1, in 1878, she became the world’s first female telephone operator. (Her sister, Stella, became the second when she started work at the same place, Boston’s Edwin Holmes Telephone Dispatch Company, a few hours later.)
As an operator, Nutt pressed all the right buttons: she was patient and savvy, her voice cultured and soothing, according to the New England Historical Society. Her example became the model all telephone companies sought to emulate, and by the end of the 1880s, the job had become an exclusively female trade.
Many women embraced the professional opportunity, which seemed like a step up from factory work or domestic service. But the work wasn’t easy, and telephone companies were draconian employers, according to the Massachusetts Foundation for the Humanities, which notes:
Merely to get the job, a woman had to pass height, weight, and arm length tests to ensure that she could work in the tight quarters afforded switchboard operators. Operators had to sit with perfect posture for long hours in straight-backed chairs. They were not permitted to communicate with each other. They were to respond quickly, efficiently, and patiently — even when dealing with the most irascible customers.
It soon became clear to these operators why the teenage boys who preceded them had so often talked back to their customers. One woman, in an anonymous 1922 op-ed for the New York Times, reported saying “number please” an average of 120 times per hour for eight hours a day (and sometimes at night) — and biting her tongue when she was excoriated for every possible connection problem, “including the sin of sending your party out to lunch just when you wanted to reach him.”
Working under these conditions for impossibly meager pay (Nutt herself made $10 a month working 54 hours a week) ultimately drove the women to organize. In 1919 they went on strike, paralyzing the telephone-dependent New England region — and winning a wage increase.
continued: Time Magazine
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Do you have what it takes to be a 1920s telephone operator?
April 27, 2016 by lupachi1927
Emma and Stella Nutt work alongside two male operators in 1878. During this time, telephone operators were expected to stand for long periods. Chairs came later. Photo Source: telcomhistory.org
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