Idaho History Oct 24, 2021

Idaho 1918-1920 Influenza Pandemic

Part 77

Idaho Newspaper Clippings February 13-14, 1920

Idaho photos courtesy: the Mike Fritz Collection, History of Idaho
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February 13 (continued)

Cottonwood Chronicle. February 13, 1920, Page 1

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19200213CC2
Flu Claims Two Victims
A Father And Mother Taken Away From Their Families

The influenza epidemic which has run its course in a great many sections of the country tributary to Cottonwood, appears to be at its height in and around Cottonwood. Perhaps more cases have been reported this week than any previous week since the epidemic first took a grip on the community. While most of the cases are in a mild form some, however, are very sick with the malady. Those who were reported to be held in a firm hand by the flu, the first of the week were Frank Wimer, John Romain and H. G. Agnew, but at the present time are doing nicely and no serious results are anticipated.

While Cottonwood has been exceptionally fortunate in escaping from any serious casualties, our neighbors in the country have not fared as well.

This week a father and mother were called to the great beyond from the effects of influenza, they being Tony Ross and Mrs. Geo. Gehring.

Death of Young Father

Tony Ross, a young and prosperous farmer, residing 6 miles north of Cottonwood passed away Wednesday morning at 1:15 after battling with the flu, followed by pneumonia for only seven days.

Mr. Ross was born in Illinois Nov. 17, 1885 being 34 years of age at the time of his death. In 1908 he was married to Miss Mary Kaschmitter to which union four children were born, they being Alfons, age 10; Hubert, age 8; Pauline, age 5 and Edwarde, age 4. Besides his wife, he leaves other relatives and a large number of friends.

The funeral services were held from the Ferdinand Catholic church Thursday morning at 9 o’clock, and the services were conducted by Father Jerome Veith. The remains were laid to rest in the Ferdinand cemetery. The sympathy of the entire community is extended towards the bereaved family.

The funeral arrangements were in charge of Undertaker A. H. Nau.

Keuterville Mother Dead

Mrs. Geo. Gehring, aged about 50 years and a pioneer resident of the Keuterville section passed away in her home near that place Wednesday from influenza. Mrs. Gehring is the mother of a number of children whose names we were unable to obtain. Besides her sorrowing husband, she is survived by her father, Werner Herzog, three brothers, Joe, Henry and Barney Herzog and a sister, Mrs. William Entrup.

The remains of Mrs. Gehring were laid to rest in the Keuterville cemetery Thursday morning, the funeral services being held from the Catholic church of that place. The sympathy of the entire community goes out to them in this their sad bereavement. Funeral furnishings were supplied by A. H. Nau of Cottonwood.

At the time of Mrs. Gehring’s death several other members of the family were bedfast with the disease and at the present time a 6-year old daughter is very ill, as well as a son at Ferdinand.
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19200213CC3School Open Monday

The public school, which has been closed for practically two weeks will open Monday morning at 9 o’clock. A large number of the students, as well as some of the teachers, during this time have been afflicted with influenza but all are on the road to recovery and it is expected a full attendance will report Monday morning.
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To Enlarge Hospital

A movement for enlargement of the St. Joseph hospital was launched Tuesday evening at a meeting held at the Knights of Columbus hall and steps will be taken in the very near future to bring the matter before the people.

The hospital has been in need of enlarged facilities for the past several years and the campaign inaugurated about four years ago was halted because of the war conditions and the general trend towards curtailing all new construction. The plan proposed is to construct an addition to the present hospital building and the estimated cost of this structure is about $100,000.

The plan favored last evening is for the Catholic people of Lewiston to provide 25 percent of the money needed and a general subscription will then be circulated among the citizens to secure an additional 25 per cent. It is then proposed to take the campaign outside of Lewiston to secure the remaining 50 per cent.

The first work will be with the Catholic people of Lewiston to secure the first 25 per cent and it is expected this matter will be taken up at an early date. – Lewiston Tribune.

No doubt the movement to enlarge the hospital at Lewiston will receive considerable financial aid in this section of the country as a large percentage of those seeking hospital facilities go to this hospital in Lewiston.
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Idaho Acts on Suffrage
Six Votes Recorded Against the Measure

Boise, Feb. 11. — Idaho went on record today as the thirtieth state in the union to ratify the amendment to the federal constitution, giving to women the right to vote. The ratification resolution was passed by the senate by a vote of 29 to 6, but was unanimously approved by the house, 52 voting for it. It was thought the resolution would receive unanimous approval.

The senate vote created somewhat of a scare, for had two more solons voted against it, it would have been defeated. …
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Attend Special Session

State Senator Nate Pettibone and Representative Seth Jones of Idaho county attended the special session of the Idaho legislature at Boise Wednesday. Representative August Schroeder of Cottonwood had made preparations to attend, but owing to illness in the family was unable to go.
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Notice To Auto And Truck Owners

Keep to the right on all street corners. By order of John Franke, Marshal

source: Cottonwood Chronicle. (Cottonwood, Idaho), 13 Feb. 1920. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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Cottonwood Chronicle. February 13, 1920, Page 2

[Local News]

Mrs. and Mrs. Edgar Fry returned Sunday evening from a two months visit with relatives and friends at Spokane. Mr. Fry stated that they enjoyed their visit immensely while away but were more than pleased to return home. Their visit was cut short on account of the serious influenza condition at Spokane, which they wished to escape if possible.
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Professor May Have Been Wrong

The Famous Professor Metchnikoff gave it as his opinion a few years ago that old age was due to the formation of certain poisons in the system. The most deadly of these poisons are called indols and phenols, and the professor’s theory was that they could be destroyed by eating sugar.

Unfortunately, however, few people can absorb enough sugar to destroy the poisons, but the professor did not let this trouble him in the least. He found, he asserted, that there is a microbe in dogs called “The glycobacter,” which, if put into the human system will manufacture a large amount of sugar with which it will fight the indols and the phenols and rid the system of these enemies to youth and beauty. Doctor Metchnikoff’s theory created a great amount of interest among men of science, especially in France, but apparently it “hung fire” somewhere, and we are still growing old, although dogs are as common in our midst as ever.

[see Further Reading below]

(ibid, page 2)
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Cottonwood Chronicle. February 13, 1920, Page 4

County Seat News Items

Judge Scales announces that opening of district court in Lewis county has been postponed until March 22, owing to the influenza epidemic.

The postoffice crew is seriously crippled this week with the illness of Acting Postmaster J. A. Peterson and Clerk Frank Reynolds. A. M. Ecker has the morning shift, working from 3:30 to 1 o’clock p.m., and W. T. Williams and Charles Simmons now handle the evening mail alone. It requires a little longer, perhaps, but under the circumstances all patrons of the office should be very considerate.

(ibid, page 4)
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Cottonwood Chronicle. February 13, 1920, Page 7

19200213CC4Home Nursing Care In Influenza

The following instructions, sent broadcast over the land by the American Red Cross, have, where followed, been a wonderful help in combating the influenza attack in this country. It will pay every family to familiarize itself with them:

Symptoms

1. Fever, chill, sore throat, marked weakness, discharge from the nose, cough, headache, vomiting, disturbance of digestion, shaking of limbs.

Treatment of Patient.

Call doctor.

1. Patient should be put to bed in a room alone, with plenty of fresh air and no draughts.

2. Hot tub bath to induce perspiration before going to bed unless patient is weak.

3. Liquid diet – such as eggnog, cocoa, milk soup, milk, lemonade, weak teach and coffee, broth every two hours.

4. Give water freely – one glass every hour.

5. Give cathartic. One tablespoonful castor oil or one or two tablespoonfuls of epsom salts. If bowels do not move well in twelve hours, give an injection or repeat the cathartic.

6. If fever is high, give as much water as patient can stand.

7. Very weak patients should be coaxed to take liquid nourishment every two hours at least.

8. For sore throat, gargle with hot salt solution, one teaspoonful salt to one pint of water.

9. For pain in the chest, rub chest and back twice daily with camphorated oil, with a few drops of turpentine added.

10. For profuse perspiration, rub patient dry with towels and change clothing. Do not expose the patient.

11. For headache apply cold compress or ice bag to head.

12. Patient should not be allowed to sit up more than ten or fifteen minutes the first few times. Increase the time gradually and watch patient for signs of weakness.

13. Patient should not be allowed out of bed for any reason until temperature has been normal for forty eight hours or as doctor orders.

14. For delirious patients, keep ice to the head and watch very carefully.

15. Do not give medicines except the cathartic unless they are ordered by the doctor.

16. Care of the mouth:

Use salt solution – one teaspoonful salt to one pint backing soda or some good antiseptic mouth wash, if able to use tooth brush, patient should cleanse his mouth as often as necessary.

If patient is not able to do so, attendant should use swabs made of toothpicks wound with cotton and cleanse mouth thoroughly. Use vaseline or cold cream on lips for sores or for cracking.

17. Unless patient is very feverish, or perspiring profusely, do not insist upon daily bathing, guard against chilling at all times. Wash face and hands before and after eating.

18. Continue to give liquid diet until temperature is normal. Then give gruels, cooked cereal, milk toast, jellies, soft boiled egg.

19. Keep sick room quiet. Patient should get as much sleep as possible. No visitors.

Precautions

1. Avoid dust in the sick room. Do not dry sweep.

2. Care of sputum. Fasten paper bag to side of bed. Use toilet paper or paper napkins or newspaper and burn several times a day.

3. Scraps of uneaten food and mouth swabs should be burned immediately.

4. Milk containers should not be taken into patient’s room and should be boiled before returning to the milkman.

5. All handkerchiefs, linen, sheets, masks, towels, should be covered with cold water in the sick room. Boil for twenty minutes. Anyone may safely finish caring for the linen.

6. Where there is no toilet with running water, all mouth washes, bath water, discharges from bowels and bladder and all uneaten liquid foods should be disinfected with solution of chloride of lime before being thrown into the toilet. The toilet should be kept thoroughly scrubbed with hot water and soap.

7. To make chloride of lime solution: Mix thoroughly one half pound chloride of lime with one gallon of water. Use twice as much of this solution as the material to be disinfected. Allow to stand for one hour before emptying.

Care of the Family and Precautions for the Nurse

1. Keep other members of the family out of the room.

2. Keep patient’s dishes separate and boil twenty minutes before putting them into family use.

3. Scrub hands well with hot water and soap after handling the patient or the bed.

4. Keep your hands away from your face.

5. The attendant must be constantly masked, must wear large all-over apron in the sick room, changing it to a different one always, before entering any other part of the house. It is well to keep hair covered with an ordinary dust cap. When the attendant cannot stop to wash her own hands, door knobs, faucets, should be protected by scraps of newspaper which can be destroyed after each using.

6. Protect eyes if caring for a patient. Ordinary ten-cent glasses will do.

7. Families can help doctors, nurses and attendants by having hot water ready for use.

8. When taking care of a patient, the attendant should try to get enough sleep and rest. Take plenty of nourishing food. See the bowels move well every day. If necessary, take a cathartic every other night. Get out of doors every day.

To Avoid Getting the “Flu”

1. Get plenty of sleep and rest.

2. Take nourishing food, but do not over eat.

3. Avoid all crowds.

4. Avoid getting near anyone who is coughing, sneezing, spitting or who seems to have a cold.

5. Avoid using common towels, drinking cups, soap or anything handled by others in public places.

6. Wash hands thoroughly before eating.

7. See that bowels move regularly every day.

8. If you feel sick or “catch cold,” go to bed at once and [call] for the doctor.

(ibid, page 7)
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Cottonwood Chronicle. February 13, 1920, Page 8

[Local News]

A large number of people from Cottonwood attended the funeral of Tony Ross at Ferdinand Thursday morning.

The Cottonwood Battery and Welding Shop was closed for several days the past week on account of both owners of the business, P. H. Dye and Wm. Buettner being ill with the flu. They are again on duty we are pleased to announce.

Miss Leasel Lussman and Miss Beatrice Calhoun returned Monday from Grangeville where they have been for the past week substituting in the place of the regular telephone operators at the county seat, who were all afflicted with the flu.

Mrs. Dr. J. E. Reilly received a message Sunday from Spokane stating that her sister, Mrs. H. Driscoll was seriously ill but at the present writing is somewhat improved and if no complications set in doctors predict her recovery, which is welcoming news.

It is reported that every family in the Keuterville section has been afflicted with the flu except the Henry Bosse and Dominii Dunlos families.

H. G. Agnew returned Friday evening from a business trip to Spokane. While at Spokane or enroute, he contracted the flu. The disease took a rather severe grip on him at first but he is reported to be getting along nicely at the present time.

Deputy Sheriff John Powell was a business visitor in Cottonwood Tuesday. He stated that Sheriff Eller was now on the road to recovery and that within a few days the sheriff would again be on duty.

The local Post of the American Legion has changed their headquarters from the Fireman Hall to the lodge room of the I. O. O. F. hall where they expect to be located permanently. Owing to the flu epidemic the regular meeting in February was adjourned until Wednesday the 18th, when they will meet in their new headquarters.

T. C. Keith, whose life hung on a balance all last week, due to influenza, has made exceptionally good progress towards recovery this week, which is welcoming news to his many friends.

(ibid, page 8)
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The Daily Star-Mirror., February 13, 1920, Page 1

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19200213DSM2
One New Flu Case Yesterday’s Total
Dr. Leitch, City Health Officer, Makes Statement Defending Attitude

In reply to some things said in last evening’s Star-Mirror, I want to give the following statement given me a short time ago by a man living near Genesee and vouched for by him as absolutely true.

Last winter the citizens of Genesee supposed the influenza epidemic to have come to an end and held a dance to celebrate the event. One young man who attended the dance that night was ill the following morning with influenza. Within forty-eight hours almost every person who attended the dance and were infected by the presence of this young man were also ill with influenza. That as a direct result of that dance being held, within two weeks’ time over two hundred new cases of influenza had developed, with seventeen deaths resulting, which was certainly an awful penalty to pay for a few fleeting hours of pleasure. And a like result of which I am sure no one living in Moscow wants repeated here.

From an average of six new cases reported daily for the past week only one new case was reported yesterday and from present indications it would appear that if strict regulations are maintained for a week or ten days longer the city of Moscow may be entirely freed from the present epidemic and all quarantine regulations lifted.

Dr. F. M. Leitch

Complaint has reached me that some of the physicians of Moscow are not having their cases of influenza properly placed under quarantine and that inmates of said houses are passing in and out at will. I therefore request that every physician of Moscow on discovering a new case of influenza or any contagious disease immediately call up the city hall and have the house quarantined or call me that I may have the same done. People should remember that there is a penalty for disregarding quarantine regulations and I sincerely hope that it will not be necessary to enforce the penalty in any case.

Dr. F. M. Leitch, City Health Officer.
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19200213DSM4University Of Idaho Observes The Quarantine

Exception is taken by University of Idaho people to rumors circulating about the streets that “everything is wide open” at the university. Professor H. T. Lewis, who has charge of that work, said: “The rumors are entirely unfounded. We have observed the rules rigidly. Nothing but student activities have been permitted and no dances, receptions or other entertainments are allowed. We are observing the rules and shall continue to do so.”
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Basket Ball Games Cancelled

Owing to the quarantine regulations the basket ball games which were to have been played tonight at Potlatch and tomorrow night at Moscow, between the Potlatch and Moscow high school basket ball teams, have been cancelled.
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19200213DSM3John M. Shepherd Called By Death
Well-Known And Popular Graduate Of The University A Flu Victim

A telegram received Friday morning by the local lodge of Elks bring the sad news that John. W. Shepherd, a graduate of the University of Idaho, class of 1903, died at Caldwell, Idaho, from pneumonia, following an attack of “flu”. His wife was in Illinois visiting and his death came so suddenly that relatively [sic] had no time to reach his bedside before the end came. His parents, Mr. and Mrs. George Shepherd of Howell, received a wire Wednesday but did not reach there till Friday afternoon, and the funeral will occur Saturday and the body laid to rest there.

Deceased was born in Oregon, September 8, 1878. He was a student under Dr. Little and received his degree as a civil engineer. Later he was engineer for the Canadian Pacific railway, and successfully carried through some very difficult engineering for that company. He leaves no children. He joined the Moscow lodge of Elks in January 1908, and is held in the highest esteem by this community.

When the news of his death reached Moscow, Dr. Little, of the department of engineering at the university was called over the phone, and although ill, he gave the following information:

“Before his graduation Mr. Shepherd was successful in water measurement and as water master in south Idaho. Later he accepted employment with the Canadian Pacific Railway company and had charge of the construction of the two spiral tunnels by which the important grade reduction on Field Hill was accomplished. His skill here was so great, and his work so successful that he was placed in charge of the relocation of 50 miles of the Canadian Pacific, including the great Rogers Pass tunnel, which at the time of the start of this work was the longest tunnel in North America. In recent years he has been engaged in general engineering work in south Idaho, and at the time of his death was engineer for the Gem Irrigation District. I met Mr. Shepherd at the recent engineers’ convention at Pocatello and he was in robust health. In his death Idaho loses one of her most competent engineers and a man of sterling character.”

source: The Daily Star-Mirror. (Moscow, Idaho), 13 Feb. 1920. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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The Daily Star-Mirror., February 13, 1920, Page 3

City News

The Cornwall school expects to be reopened Monday after being closed for three weeks on account of influenza.

Mrs. Maud Benton and her mother, Mrs. Hobart of Cornwall have recovered from severe attacks of influenza.

Miss Jessie Hoover, specialist in dairy by-products of the U. S. dairy division left Moscow yesterday for Washington, D. C., having been compelled to cancel engagement on account of the influenza situation.

M. K. Bue and P. O. Juve left today for their home at Enterprise, Oregon, the funeral of Mrs. M. K. Bue having been held in Moscow Thursday afternoon. They were accompanied home by Olaf Croghan of Michigan, who was called here by the death of his sister, Mrs. Bue. Mr. Crogan will visit his sister, Mrs. P. O. Juve, at Enterprise before going to his home in Michigan.

Mr. and Mrs. D. D. Miles left today for Duluth, Minnesota, called by the illness of their daughter-in-law.

W. Claude Renfrew left for Spokane this morning to visit his family, several members of whom are ill.

Harry Johnson, south of town, and Mrs. Johnson’s sister, Mrs. R. F. Whitman and son, Donald, of Marshfield, Oregon, have all been ill of influenza at the Johnson home. All are recovering.

Miss Isabel Richards, who has been ill at her home for three weeks with influenza, is able to be out again.
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Funeral of Mrs. M. K. Bue held Thursday

The remains of Mrs. M. K. Bue were laid to rest yesterday afternoon at the Moscow cemetery. A large number of relatives and old-time friends gathered together to pay their last respects to her memory.

Those from out of town were, besides her husband, her brother-in-law, T. O. Juve of Enterprise, Oregon; Mr. and Mrs. Braham of Spokane, Mrs. A. Lee of Lewiston, a cousin of the deceased, and a brother, Olaf Croghan, from Crystall Falls, Mich.

The funeral was conducted by Rev. F. I. Schmidt of the Lutheran church, of which deceased had been a member and the many beautiful flowers from friends here and at outside points bespoke the high regard in which Mrs. Bue and always been held.

(ibid, page 3)
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The Kendrick Gazette. February 13, 1920, Page 1

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Frank C. Wittman

Frank Cornelius Wittman of Potlatch ridge, son of Mr. and Mrs. F. O. Wittman, passed away at the home of his parents last Sunday afternoon. His death was caused from influenza which developed into pneumonia. He was eight years old at the time of his death. The funeral service was conducted by Rev. Berriman, Monday morning.
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Death of Claud May

Claud May, son of Mr. and Mrs. William May of this place, died in Spokane Wednesday from pneumonia, following influenza. The body was brought here Wednesday night for burial. The funeral will be held today.

His father was just recovering from influenza when he received a message Sunday that his son was in a critical condition. He went to Spokane at once and was with Claud before he died.
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Over the County

Genesse News: Word was brot [sic] in from the district just west of town, last Thursday afternoon, that something “turrible” had happened to our “Cannonball” and that help should be dispatched at once in order to save the stranded “crew” or the portion that remained on the part that had been ruthlessly left behind – stranded, as it were.

It seems that Jonny Roberts and his engineer and crew were going merrily on their way to Uniontown last Thursday afternoon, when something out of the ordinary happened. When a little more than a mile west of town the rear end of the train, which consisted of some two or three cars, was left behind, while the engine and the rest of the “train” went on its way to Uniontown. However, the grapevine telegraphy, which is sometimes used, was brought into play and the engineer was informed that he had left half of his “train” back on the track several miles and was requested to return for Johnny and those in the “baggage car behind.”

source: The Kendrick Gazette. (Kendrick, Idaho), 13 Feb. 1920. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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The Kendrick Gazette. February 13, 1920, Page 2

[Editorial Page]

Whiskey gets another jolt! A prominent physician in the east says that whiskey does not assist in any manner in fighting the flu. He goes on to show that according to statistics there were 71 deaths from alcohol pneumonia during this dry year as against 230 during the preceding wet year. If the good doctor would only be fair and give both sides of the question he could make these figures look less favorable by giving the total number of those who died of thirst during the past year.
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19200213KG2The “Flu” Is again Raging

See McConnell today for life insurance. The Northwestern Mutual means absolute protection for your family. Your insurance is in force when you make application. – Adv.

(ibid, page 2)
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The Kendrick Gazette. February 13, 1920, Page 8

Gleanings

E. W. Lutz appeared on the street Tuesday morning, the first time in ten days. He is now “back on the job” again after his experience with the flu.

Mr. and Mrs. W. C. Brooks spent the week-end with their daughter, Mrs. E. W. Lutz. Mr. Brooks returned home Monday but Mrs. Brooks stayed over to be with the Lutz family until they had all completely recovered from the flu.

A trained nurse from Spokane arrived Monday to care for Ira Gentry, who is quite ill with pneumonia. The last reports as to his condition are quite favorable.

The readers of the Gazette this week will please make allowance for the fact that ye editor had to get the paper out alone, on account of the absence of Mr. MacPherson, who was taken ill with the flu Monday evening. Even the devil isn’t immune to the flu. So, if any of the ads are upside down and typographical errors are glaring and numerous, it is because the paper had to dispense with the services of a good printer, while he took his whirl at the flu.

Mr. and Mrs. Fred Bailey of Texas ridge spent several days last week with relatives in Deary. Fred returned the first of this week but his wife remained on account of the illness of one of the children.

Leland Idaho

Mrs. C. G. Cludray has been ill with the flu but is able to be around again.

Clyde Daugherty came from Spokane Sunday, returning Monday accompanied by his father, T. H. Daugherty. Clyde and family have had the flu.

Mrs. Harry Smith is quite ill with an attack of the flu.

Big Bear Ridge

Mrs. Ira Altig is at the home of her mother recovering from a severe attack of influenza.

Mrs. Bernet Nelson and Miss Emma Nelson are spending the week at the Nels Nelson home helping to care for the influenza patients there.

(ibid, page 8)
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Clearwater Republican. February 13, 1920, Page 1

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19200213CR2
Schools Open Monday

The Orofino public schools will open Monday morning according to the announcement made by Dr. Horswill, county physician. Both local doctors have reported the Flu epidemic to be abating. Only a small number of cases have developed within the last week and few are undergoing treatment at the present time. It is expected within another week the disease will have disappeared. The usual order of things will resume Monday with a reference to the ban placed upon public gatherings and the schools.
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Mrs. Babcock Succumbs

Mrs. Grace Babcock, wife of F. C. Babcock of the Orofino Auto Company, died Sunday night from influenza after an illness of several week’s duration. She was 24 years old and leaves besides her husband, an infant son and a daughter three years old, to mourn her death. She came from Spokane to Orofino a number of months ago with her husband, who had accepted a position as mechanic in the Clearwater Garage and later becoming interested in the Orofino Auto Co. The body was shipped to Spokane Tuesday morning, burial taking place Wednesday.

Mrs. Babcock’s death came as a shock to her many friends, who join the bereaved family in mourning her untimely loss.
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Village Trustees Meet

The village trustees held their regular monthly meeting at the fire hall Monday night. On account of the sickness of several trustees, the meeting adjourned without transacting much business. It is understood the creation of improvement districts for the laying of cement sidewalks will come before the next meeting and be acted upon.
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Do You Know?

Of course you don’t but listen – Experience tells us the celebrated Flu is the result of Congestion, nervousness, etc., also that congestion and nervousness, the principal causes are the result of overtaxed eyes, from one cause or another. Perfect eyes and body go hand in hand. Let’s stop that persistent pain.

Dr. Schillings, the Eye Specialist and Neurologist will be at the Orofino Hotel for your personal benefit, Feb. 20-21. Tell him your troubles. He knows. – Adv.

source: Clearwater Republican. (Orofino, Idaho), 13 Feb. 1920. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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Clearwater Republican. February 13, 1920, Page 4

Obituary

William John Doran was born December 6, 1891, at Caramoyie near Armagh, Keady County, Ireland, and died at Orofino, Idaho, Saturday, February 6, 1920. He was educated in a Presbyterian academy in the town of his birth. Nine years ago he came to America locating in San Bernardino, California, where he received employment in the state hospital. About six years ago he moved to Medical Lake, Wash., to accept employment at the state hospital. It was there that he met Miss Rose E. White, an Orofino girl, who was a nurse. A warm friendship ensued between the young couple, culminating in their marriage at Spokane, November 11, 1915. The following summer they moved to Orofino to accept employment at the state hospital. The husband became chief cook and the wife a nurse. Mr. Doran was a large man and in the best of health until January 29, when he contracted influenza, which turned into pneumonia and caused his death. Interment took place February 9 at the Gilbert cemetery, Rev. J. A. Hoffman, pastor of the Methodist church officiating. The deceased leaves his widow and two small children. An uncle lives in California. His parents, two brothers and four sisters live in Ireland.
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19200213CR3
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19200213CR4

(ibid, page 4)
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Clearwater Republican. February 13, 1920, Page 6

Idaho News Paragraphs
Recent Happenings in This State Given in Brief Items for Busy Readers

Smallpox Epidemic at Hope

Hope. — Schools are closed on account of the epidemic of smallpox and public meetings are forbidden.

Mrs. Cynthia Nann Dies

Boise. — Mrs. Cynthia Nann, age 68, founder of the Idaho state children’s home in this city, died recently of pneumonia, following influenza. She was a leading benefactor of homeless children.

(ibid, page 6)
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Boot Hill, Warren, Idaho

WarrenFritz-a

Photo courtesy: the Mike Fritz Collection, History of Idaho
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Montpelier Examiner. February 13, 1920, Page 1

19200213ME1

19200213ME2
Mrs. John Kunz, Jr., of Bern Falls Victim of the Flu

Deep sorrow was brought to every home in Bern last Saturday night by the death of Mrs. John Kunz, Jr. Her death came after a week’s illness with the influenza.

Deceased was the daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Karl A. Schmid. She was born at Zurich, Switzerland in 1874. She accepted the Mormon faith and came to America with friends in 1883. She was followed by her parents three years later, who came to this valley and located at Paris.

On April 11, 1894, she was united in marriage to John Kunz, Jr., and they took up their home in Bern, where they have since resided. She was the mother of twelve children – nine of whom survive her – five sons and four daughters, the youngest of whom is three years and the eldest 21 years.

Besides her husband and children, she is survived by two brothers, Robert and August Schmid, and two sisters, Mrs. Wm. J. Kunz of Bern and Mrs. W. J. Thornton of Georgetown.

Her funeral services were held at the Bern meeting house last Tuesday at noon. The place was not half large enough to hold those who gathered to pay their last respect to one of whom they had known and loved in life. The speakers were Presidents Wm. L. and Ed C. Rich, Bishop J. T. Peterson of Ovid, Ezra Phelps and D. M. Hymas of Montpelier. Each referred to the noble character of the deceased and to the true Christian life she led.
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19200213ME3Loren Headley Falls Victim of Pneumonia

Loren Headley died in this city last Sunday morning following influenza. Deceased was born in Polk county, Mo., 33 years ago. He came to Montpelier with his parents about eight years ago and has since resided here.

Five years ago he was united in marriage to Miss Mary McDonald. A sad feature in connection with death was that Mrs. Headley and two children were ill with the flu at Norwood, Colo., where they were visiting with relatives. They are doing nicely, however, and will be able to return to Montpelier in a few days. The remains of Mr. Headley are now at the Williams Undertaking parlors, where they will be held until the arrival of Mrs. Headley and children.

Besides his wife and two small children, Mr. Headley is survived by his parents, Mr. and Mrs. M. P. Headley, and two sisters.

source: Montpelier Examiner. (Montpelier, Idaho), 13 Feb. 1920. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
— — — — — — — — — —

The Idaho Republican. February 13, 1920, Page 4

19200213TIR1

19200213TIR2Infant Dies

Nona May, the six months old daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Leo Handwerk of Basalt died Tuesday morning of the influenza and pneumonia. Funeral services were held Wednesday and interment was in the Grove City cemetery.
— —

Shelley

The baby girl of Mr. and Mrs. Leo Handwerk died last Monday evening after only a few days illness with the croup. The many friends of the parents of the child extend their sincere sympathy during this time of sorrow.

source: The Idaho Republican. (Blackfoot, Idaho), 13 Feb. 1920. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
— — — —

The Idaho Republican. February 13, 1920, Page 5

Local News

Judge Anderson is confined to his home suffering with an attack of influenza.
— —

19200213TIR3Volunteer Nurses

In a number of influenza cases in Blackfoot and surrounding territory nursing service is needed, and available nurses are asked to list their names with Mrs. George Holbrook at the city hall or with W. B. Goodnough at the Goodnough Cleaning & Tailoring Co. if they desire to volunteer to take cases where help is required.

(ibid, page 5)
— — — —

The Idaho Republican. February 13, 1920, Page 8

Firth

Funeral services of Mrs. Christena Lofquist, who died in Blackfoot Friday, were held from the West Firth Baptist church Sunday afternoon at 2 o’clock, Rev. Eckler officiating. Interment was made in the Riverview cemetery. The many friends of this bereaved family wish to extend to them their heartfelt sympathy in their hour of sorrow.

L. F. Ramsey has been unable to be at his duties in the store the last week on account of illness.

H. J. Slayton is at his work after an illness of a few days.

On account of illness the Ladies’ Aid meeting was postponed. A later date of meeting will be announced Sunday morning.

Florence Bybee is reported on the sick list.

(ibid, page 8)
— — — — — — — — — —

American Falls Press. February 13, 1920, Page 1

19200213AFP1

19200213AFP2Three Die Of “Flu”; Others Reported In Critical Condition
Eighty-Three cases In City Wednesday Though Force Of Epidemic Believed To Be On Wane
Ray Baugh Buried Thursday
Funerals Also Held for Mrs. A. L. Ross, Sarah Ross and Retta Davis – Interment Made in Falls View Cemetery

Influenza claimed three victims this week and threatens many more, even though the peak of the epidemic is believed to have been passed. Eighty three cases were reported Wednesday. Mrs. A. L. Ross, wife of the Baptist minister died at Bethany Deaconess hospital Friday of last week, Retta Dean Davis, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Walter Davis, died last Thursday and Ray Baugh died Tuesday after a short illness. The death of Sarah Ross, nine year old daughter of Mr. and Mrs. John Ross, is not believed to have been caused directly from influenza.

In many cases entire families are prostrate and dependent upon outside help for assistance and nursing. This is true of the Henry Hose family where five are ill, the family of five belonging to Harry Smith and the Cazler family where the mother and four children are bedfast. Best efforts on the part of the local chapter of the Red Cross and neighbors, only partially care for the needs of these families. Nurses are difficult to obtain and volunteer help is not dependable.

Other families, severely afflicted with the influenza are as follows: The Stanfield family, four; the Winnett family, four; Knowles family, three; the Baugh family; Miss Nancy Houk, Mrs. Charles Hartley and J. F. Kosanke. Several cases are considered serious and more fatalities may result. Louis Behrens who was seriously ill last week with pneumonia is well on the road to recovery.

Funeral of Ray Baugh

The funeral of Ray Baugh was held Thursday afternoon at 3 o’clock. The exercises were held at the cemetery and were very simple. Many friends of the family were present to witness the last rites. Ray Baugh was born at Wellsville, Utah, March 2nd, 1885 and died in American Falls Tuesday night, February 10th, with influenza that developed into pneumonia. Practically his entire family of five were afflicted with the influenza before and when it attacked him he was worn out with the night and day vigil that he had kept over them. In this exhausted state he fell a victim to the disease and his encumbered strength was not sufficient to ward off the more severe attack of pneumonia. He came to American Falls with his parents when a small boy and was married five years ago to Miss Flora Carlysle. His wife and four boys survive him.

Mrs. A. L. Ross, wife of the pastor of the German Baptist church in the first ward of the city, was buried Saturday afternoon in Falls View cemetery. Funeral services were conducted in the church by Reverend Hendricks of Minidoka, assisted by Rev. J. A. Ford of the Bethany Baptist church. A crowded church testified to the esteem in which the departed member was held.

Funeral services for Sarah Emily Ross were held Thursday afternoon at the cemetery. She died Tuesday night after every effort had been made to tide her life past the critical stage. She is survived by her parents, Mr. and Mrs. John Ross of American Falls.

Influenza followed by pneumonia caused the death of little Retta Dean Davis, fourteen months old daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Walter Davis. Funeral services for the deceased were held in Falls View cemetery Thursday. Mrs. Davis went to Burley Sunday with her parents, Mr. and Mrs. Billingsley where she will remain indefinitely.
— —

19200213AFP3Mrs. W. G. Leighty Dies In Pocatello
Bronchial Pneumonia Takes Well Known Woman From Prominent Family of State – Was Sister to Governor Davis

Mrs. W. G. Leighty of Pocatello died at one o’clock yesterday morning at her home in Pocatello of bronchial pneumonia. She is the sister of Mrs. J. T. Doran of Pocatello, Arthur Davis of American Falls and Governor D. W. Davis of Boise. Her mother, Mrs. Frances Davis, lives in American Falls.

Mrs. Leighty was ill only a few days and her death was an unexpected shock to her many friends all over the state. Her husband recently entered business in Pocatello with Mr. Doran, formerly of American Falls.

Her body was shipped Friday morning to Dawson, Iowa for interment. Mr. Leighty and Mrs. Davis, mother to Mrs. Leighty will go east with the body. Mrs. Arthur Davis may also go to be with her sister who is seriously ill at Dawson, as well as be present for the funeral services held at that time.
— —

Mrs. Jack Stuart returned the first of the week from Twin Falls where she assisted her son Guy, and family during an attack of the influenza.

source: American Falls Press. (American Falls, Idaho), 13 Feb. 1920. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
— — — —

American Falls Press. February 13, 1920, Page 4

School Notes

By Alvin Reading

They boys’ and girls’ basketball teams have scheduled a double-header game with Pocatello on the home floor this Friday. Our boys’ team is rather weak at present owing to the recent illness of Elwood Meadows, Gene Winters and Curtis Spalding, but we hope to show Pocatello an interesting time.

The game with Aberdeen has been postponed at the request of Aberdeen. Owing to the amount of influenza in Rupert the girls’ team did not play a game there last Friday.

The flu here is quieting down. The students are returning to school only to be attacked by spring fever.

(ibid, page 4)
— — — —

American Falls Press. February 13, 1920, Page 5

Local Briefs

Grandma Crane is a patient at the Bethany Deaconess hospital.

Mrs. S. H. McCullough is recovering from an attack of the influenza.

John Welo, prisoner from the county jail, is at the hospital with a light attack of the flu.

Grandpa Parmer, father of Mrs. Pete Nelson, is seriously ill with pneumonia.

Rev. Ford was confined to his rooms the first of the week with a severe throat affliction.

James Baugh of Burley came Wednesday morning to attend the funeral of his nephew, Ray Baugh.

Miss Ethel Cennell of Smithfield, Utah and Mrs. Mabel Holmes of Benson, Utah, sisters of Ray Baugh, came Thursday morning to attend the funeral of their brother.

Mrs. Frances Davis was called to Pocatello Wednesday on account of the serious illness of her daughter, Mrs. Maud Leighty.

Mrs. P. P. Spaulding and her sister, Miss Short, left Wednesday morning for St. Louis where they were called by the illness of their mother.

(ibid, page 5)
— — — — — — — — — —

Shoshone Journal. February 13, 1920, Page 1

19200213SH1

Passed To Her Rest

The community was grieved Tuesday morning by the announcement of the death of Mrs. Ralph Hanson of flu pneumonia at her home here in Shoshone. She was in her 38th year.

Mr. and Mrs. Hanson moved to Shoshone in 1916 and have resided here ever since where they have endeared themselves to the entire community.

Mrs. Hanson was the daughter of James and Rachel Nail, of Napavine, Washington. She was born in Illinois but in her infancy her parents moved to Napavine, Washington, where they have since resided. Mrs. Hanson grew to womanhood there and was married at that place to Ralph Hanson in 1905.

From this marriage there were born four children who survive their mother, Maurice, age 12; Gaynell, age 9; Roland, age 5 and baby Stewart, age three months.

Besides her husband and children who mourn her loss, Mrs. Hanson leaves her father and mother, James and Rachel Nail of Napavine, Wash., three sisters, Mrs. F. G. Schmidt, of Napavine, Wash., Mrs. Chas. Harper, of Portland, Ore., Mrs. Robert Phillips, Chehalis, Wash., and three brothers, Lafayette Nail, Hoquiam, Wash., Omar Nail and Randall Nail of Napavine.

Mrs. Hanson was a member of the Baptist Church and an active and ardent worker in the cause of the Master. She was a teacher in the Baptist Sunday School and was beloved by her fellow workers for her many high qualities of Christian character.

Funeral services were held at the Baptist church Tuesday afternoon.

The remains were shipped to Napavine for burial among the scenes of her childhood and young womanhood.

Ralph Hanson with the children accompanied the remains of the wife and mother to Napavine Wednesday. Mr. Hanson plans to permanently remove to that place. He will be greatly missed in this community and every one joins in regrets that conditions arising from the death of Mrs. Hanson necessitate our losing this family from among our citizens.
— —

Dietrich Precinct Notes

Little Margaret, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Curtis Sine, is seriously ill.

George Saviers, erstwhile a Dietrich citizen, has been wrestling with the flu down at Twin Falls, but is reported as getting well.

source: Shoshone Journal. (Shoshone, Idaho), 13 Feb. 1920. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
— — — —

Shoshone Journal. February 13, 1920, Page 5

Local Items
I can not say what the truth may be, I tell the tale as ’twas told to me.

Mrs. Geo. Anderson is quite ill with the prevailing grip or flu.

Keith Ferguson has been on the sick list the past week with the epidemic, lagrippe.

E. A. Bowler is recovering from an attack of grippe which kept him at home for several days.

Mrs. W. H. Wright, who has been dangerously ill for some weeks, has so far recovered as to be out of danger.

George W. Warcer [?], proprietor of the O. K. barber shop was sick and confined to his house for several days last week.

Mr. Pethick, of Pethick Bros., is recovering from this illness and with good care will soon be around the garage at work again.

Mrs. Hail Horne and Miss Keith Horne went to Hailey a few days ago to aid in caring for Mrs. Horne’s family who have been having a siege with the influenza. They are all doing well at the last reports.

(ibid, page 5)
— — — —

Shoshone Journal. February 13, 1920, Page 8

Additional Locals

The town of Carey and the entire Carey valley have been having a near epidemic of influenza, or lagrippe during the past two weeks, and one or two nurses have gone from here to assist in caring for the patients. The druggist and his assistant at that place have both been sick in bed and Russell Fuller of the Sinclair Pharmacy went to Carey to run the drug store.
— —

Home Nursing Class

A home nursing class has been formed under Miss Sinclair’s supervision, the first meeting being held at the home of Mrs. Frank Grosse.

Twenty-two ladies were present. The next meeting will be held at Mrs. Yaden’s, Feb. 12 at 8 o’clock.

(ibid, page 8)
— — — — — — — — — —

Birds Eye View of Weippe, Idaho

WeippeFritz-a

Photo courtesy: the Mike Fritz Collection, History of Idaho
— — — — — — — — — —

The Meridian Times., February 13, 1920, Page 8

19200213MT1

Meridian News Notes

Harold Mateska is quite ill with an attack of the measles.

The Herbert Morsdorf family are ill with the prevailing influenza.

Mrs. May Ulmer is recovering after an illness from influenza.

Mrs. J. E. Clark is reported much improved after an attack of influenza.

Floyd Adams who has been in a critical condition with pneumonia, is reported as improving.

Eleanor, the little daughter of Mr. and Mrs. L. A. Songer has been quite ill during the past few days with scarlet fever.

Owing to the flu the revival meetings which were announced for Feb 22d at the Nazarene church in Meridian, will be postponed until about March 23d. Evangelist Mrs. Mattie Wines is expected at these gatherings.

Dr. H. F. Neal has a slight case of the influenza, and Dr. P. P. French of Boise is looking after the more urgent cases of the doctor during his illness.

Mabel, the 5-year-old daughter of Mr. and Mrs. D. B. Saunders died of influenza Sunday afternoon at 5:30. Mabel was an unusually bright child and the joy and pride of the home, full of life and sunshine. It is hard for us to see why she had to be taken away. But God had need of her and she is with the angels now. The funeral took place from the Mateer undertaking parlors Tuesday afternoon, Rev. C. A. Quinn officiating. Burial was in the Meridian cemetery.

Lincoln’s birthday was fittingly celebrated in the schools yesterday by appropriate programs.

source: The Meridian Times. (Meridian, Idaho), 13 Feb. 1920. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
— — — — — — — — — —

The Caldwell Tribune. February 13, 1920, Page 1

19200213CT1

[Local News]

Mr. and Mrs. Sawmeyer and their son who have been ill with the influenza are improving rapidly.

Bert Northrup is quite ill with pneumonia complicated with the influenza.

David Hoyt, who has been ill with the influenza is now convalescing.

Mr. and Mrs. Grieve came from Twin Falls by auto Tuesday because of the illness of their grand daughter, Dorothy Tish in Greenleaf.

source: The Caldwell Tribune. (Caldwell, Idaho), 13 Feb. 1920. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
— — — —

The Caldwell Tribune. February 13, 1920, Page 3

Local And Personal

Miss Hilda Mowrey, an employee at the local telephone office, has fully recovered from a serious attack of influenza.

C. V. Liggett is back on the job at The Tribune after spending about a month in the hospital as a result of a severe attack of the mumps.

Dr. S. Hopper of Cambridge has opened an office at Homedale the first physician to locate at that rapidly growing town.

Lester Leedy died Tuesday morning at the Emergency hospital after a brief illness from pneumonia. He was a stranger in Caldwell.

Funeral services were held Wednesday afternoon at the Peckham chapel for Ralph Hinshaw who died Sunday of pneumonia. The Rev. S. A. Wells conducted the services. The funeral was private.

Quarantine has been lifted on the home of the Rev. and Mrs. D. H. Hare. Members of their family had scarlet fever and they have been quarantined for about a month. The Rev. Mr. Hare will again occupy the pulpit at the Presbyterian church at both services Sunday.

(ibid, page 3)
— — — —

The Caldwell Tribune. February 13, 1920, Page 5

Belmont Novelty Orchestra To Play Return Engagement

There is just one musical hit after another at the Belmont Novelty Orchestra at Danceland, Saturday night.

The Belmont “Jazz Hounds” have played here last January to a very pleased audience and they were on their [way] to Chicago. They were unfortunately forced to turn back on account of the influenza epidemic in Utah and Colorado. Those who were at the dance last January 21 know that the six musical entertainers can deliver the goods. A large crowd is expected at Danceland tomorrow night, February 14. – Adv.

(ibid, page 5)
— — — —

The Caldwell Tribune. February 13, 1920, Page 9

Items of Interest From Surrounding Territory

Arena Valley

Mr. and Mrs. Leon Atkins of Vale, Ore., came last week to help care for Mrs. Atkins father, William Moore and family who were all down with influenza. Mrs. Atkins is now ill.

School was closed last Thursday and Friday and the upper grades had no school Monday because of the illness of Miss Parke. She is able to be back at her work now. Miss Hetrick cared for her.

Mrs. Victor Gibson received word Monday that her sister, Mrs. Drinkwater of Crane, Ore., has taken a relapse and is seriously ill again.

Rev. Hollenbeck of Nampa came down Saturday evening but decided not to preach Sunday morning on account of so much illness. He will preach here one week from Sunday at 11:30 a.m.

Dr. Mitchell was called to the O. F. Packwood home twice last week to see Carl who has been having a severe attack of the influenza.

E. W. Rockwood has pneumonia following an attack of influenza.

Mrs. Walter Aten who has had a severe case of influenza is reported quite ill again after having been up about the house.

Brier Rose Notes

Perhaps some were disappointed last week by not seeing the items from our community in the paper, but beg to be excused as ‘ye writer’ has been struggling with the influenza for some time.

Rachel and Bernice Terrance have both been quite sick of the influenza since our last report. But are getting along nicely at present..

Little Miss Jessie Spencer who was seriously ill last week is now well on the road to recovery.

Fred Burris has been quite ill but is better at this writing.

Peter Golden drove the school wagon Monday and Tuesday for Mr. Christopher.

Mary Meek has missed about two weeks of her school duties, having been confined at her home with a bad case of the influenza.

Jeanette Runican school was closed last week on account of so much sickness in and around Meridian.

The McLaughlins are out of quarantine after having had scarlet fever in their home for about three weeks.

Greenleaf Snaps

Many people around here have fallen victims to the influenza. The Greenleaf public school, seminary and church have been closed for an indefinite time, owing to the disease.

Mrs. Ora Harris has returned to her home after spending some time at Melba nursing her son and daughter Carl and Cleole who have had the influenza.

(ibid, page 9)
— — — —

The Caldwell Tribune. February 13, 1920, Page 10

Items of Interest From Surrounding Territory

Lake Lowell

The Traughber and Kimes families have recovered from the influenza.

Mr. W. L. Gibbens has returned home from Meridian, where he has been helping care for a brother who was ill.

Mrs. Will Tomason and daughter Florence have the mumps.

The Tipton family are all down with the influenza.

Marble Front

The P. T. A. will be postponed until February 27 on account of sickness.

Mrs. W. H. King is very much improved after a week of illness.

Fairview

The past few days have been lifting to one’s spirits if not the influenza, but think it is a help to both.

The roads in this vicinity are drying up fast.

Lois Greer has been having the influenza but is better a present.

Mr. Thompson is getting along very nicely, also the McBride family.

Mrs. Myra Chashman of San Jose, Calif., arrived in Caldwell Saturday to visit relatives here. She is helping to care for a sister, Mrs. Odonell, who is quite sick in Caldwell.

Mrs. Conklin, was over in Central Cove Sunday, she reports every one better in the Vanslyke family.

Four of the William Ode family have pneumonia in Lower Dixie.

North Sunny Slope

We are glad to report that the sick in this community are greatly improved.

The funeral services of Wilbur Miller was held Sunday at Peckham chapel in Caldwell. The sympathy of the entire community goes to Mr. and Mrs. Miller.

Everybody is busy this week getting ready for spring work.

Miss Olive McCormick, our school teacher has the influenza.

Most of the school children have been sick and attendance at the school very small but we hope before long there will be full attendance.

Pleasant Ridge

Mr. and Mrs. Charles Fowler who have been quite ill with influenza are rapidly improving. Mrs. Shaffer has been caring for them.

Mrs. Willard Ross was called Sunday to Weiser to take care of the Hicks family who have all been sick with influenza.

Miss Pearle Chester had to miss several days last week from school on account of being ill with tonsillitis.

Lewis Post has been ill with influenza.

(ibid, page 10)
— — — —

The Caldwell Tribune. February 13, 1920, Page 11

Items of Interest From Surrounding Territory

Midway News

F. N. Luse, who was called to Kansas City on account of his mother’s illness and subsequent death arrived home Saturday evening.

A. W. Kline is confined to his home with mumps.

Miss Marie Karcher resumed her work Monday in the telephone office in Nampa after an absence of three weeks with the influenza.

Mr. and Mrs. T. W. Reynolds are both on the sick list this week.

The seven year old son of Mr. and Mrs. H. S. Baker died last week at the J. J. Bicker [sic] home in Nampa. Mr. Baker and family moved here from Minersville, Utah, two weeks ago to take possession of the ranch they purchased off J. J. Becker. But before they could get moved to the ranch several members of the family were taken ill with influenza and they were forced to remain at the Becker home until able to move.

Miss Margarite Bumgarner was absent from her school last week at Wilder on account of sickness.

C. M. Dory is able to resume his work at H. H. Hostettlers store in Nampa after an enforced vacation with influenza.

Miss Hamilton was able to resume her school duties as intermediate teacher after a week’s absence with sickness.

Mrs. G. L. Karcher is slowly recovering from an attack of the influenza.

Ten Davis News

Ruth Miller is back to her duties at school after a weeks absence at her home in Nampa where she was ill with influenza.

Mrs. Fred Spaeth has been on the sick list the past week.

The school board met at the school house Monday evening.

Mrs. A. W. Andrews has been quite ill the past week.

Fair Acres

Mrs. Hubard received the sad news of the death of a sister in Illinois. She died of pneumonia leaving a three weeks old baby.

The Fair Acre womans club met with Mrs. Emily Vantress Friday, January 30 but few were present on account of so much sickness.

There was no Sunday school last Sunday. It was thought best to close for a while on account of so much sickness.

Scott Wilson and children are down with the influenza.

Mrs. Auger who is visiting Mrs. Paine has been quite sick but is up and around now.

Mr. Deaman has been very sick but we are glad to report him as up and around again.

J. W. Klinfelter returned from Payette Sunday where he was called on account of his father’s sickness. He reports his father as on the mend.

Mrs. Sam Smith has had an attack of the influenza but is better.

Glenn and Denham Barnes have been out of school for two weeks, down with the influenza, but started back to school Monday.

Bert Vauntress is confined to his bed with the influenza.

(ibid, page 11)
— — — — — — — — — —

View from School of Mines Building, University of Idaho, Moscow, Idaho ca. 1915

UofIdahoMoscow1915Fritz-a

Photo courtesy: the Mike Fritz Collection, History of Idaho
— — — — — — — — — —

February 14

The Daily Star-Mirror., February 14, 1920, Page 1

19200214DSM1

19200214DSM2Six New Influenza Cases Reported Friday

Six new influenza cases were reported again for yesterday. Owing to the increasing severity of the new cases now developing every reasonable means within my power will be taken to stamp the disease out as quickly as possible. As two possible sources of infection by contact, picture shows after tonight and churches after tomorrow morning services will remain closed until further notice.

Dr. F. M. Leitch, Health Officer

source: The Daily Star-Mirror. (Moscow, Idaho), 14 Feb. 1920. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
— — — —

The Daily Star-Mirror., February 14, 1920, Page 4

19200214DSM3Mrs. Struppler of Pullman A Flu Victim

Mrs. Euginia Staley Struppler of Pullman is dead as the result of influenza. Mrs. Struppler was a daughter of the late L. C. Staley, one of the pioneers of the Pullman district, and a niece of John, and D. F. Staley and their sister, Miss Staley. The Staley family came to the Palouse country more than 40 years ago and located several homesteads, and preemption claims, and timber cultures. By purchase they added to their holdings until the family is said to now hold more than 4000 acres in the neighborhood of Staley, between Johnson and Pullman, on the Genesee branch of the Northern Pacific. Mrs. Struppler and her brother, L. C. Staley, Jr., were the only descendants of the pioneer family as D. F. has no children and John and his sister never married. The dead woman was born in Whitman county and had grown to young womanhood there. She leaves a husband but no children. Her father died 18 months ago.
— —

Church and Sunday School

St. Mark’s Church

School re-opens with full attendance of all well pupils and officers. Superintendent, Mrs. H. T. Mackintire.

The Presbyterian Church

The church is indebted to Mrs. Carl Versteeg for her faithful service as examining nurse in the Sunday school during the influenza epidemic. Mrs. Versteeg served as a Red Cross nurse during the recent war.

First Baptist Church

Sunday school. Dr. Harrington has charge of the medical examination. Come if you feel well. If you are not well, we will tell you what is the matter.

(ibid, page 4)
— — — —

The Daily Star-Mirror., February 14, 1920, Page 5

City News

Mrs. R. F. Gibson returned today from a visit at Viola with her daughter, Mrs. Chas. Goetz, who has recovered from the “flu.”

John Vollmer and his brother of Viola, who have been ill of influenza, are able to be out again.

Miss Eunice Darr has just recovered from a severe attack of influenza.

Dr. J. N. Clarke was called to Palouse yesterday for consultation on a severe case of pneumonia, in the case of David Hackett.

Andrew C. Hagen, who has been a week at the hospital for treatment for rheumatism, has returned to his home, much improved in health.
— —

Mrs. Sharp’s Funeral Here

Mrs. Orville Sharp died this week in Spokane, a victim of pneumonia, following influenza. The body will be brought to Moscow for burial Monday. It will arrive on the Inland train at 11:25 a.m. and be taken at once to the Moscow cemetery for burial. Mr. Orville Sharp died last winter in Spokane during the similar epidemic, and was buried at Moscow.
— —

Strange Animal Killed On Farm Near Troy

Harold Frisk, a farmer residing a short distance northeast of Troy, recently killed an animal which had all his neighbors guessing as to what it was. It put in its appearance about his barn and was such an oddity that it even had Mr. Frisk’s chickens running in all directions. Noticing a commotion about his barn yard he hastened to the scene and upon seeing the queer-looking beast he lost no time in getting his rifle. After putting a bullet through a vital spot of its body he cautiously examined it, but it was still “Dutch” to him. Neighbors had never seen anything like it, so he was left in the dark as much as ever. Finally he skinned the animal which measured about 18 inches from tip to tip and stood about ten inches high. Simon Johnson was told about the strange animal Mr. Frisk had killed, and when he saw the hide nicely stretched over a board he recognized it as his Angora cat, which he had missed from his place for several days. What made the cat look so odd was the long hair which covered its body from one end to the other. It has not been decided whether the joke is on Simon or Harold, but the people in that community had a good laugh over the incident. — Troy News.

(ibid, page 5)
———————-

Further Reading

Élie Metchnikoff

1913Metchnikoff-a
Photograph of Nobel Prize winner, Ilya Ilyich Mechnikov, who discovered phagocytes.
This file comes from Gallica Digital Library and is available under the digital ID btv1b6926750k/f1

Ilya Ilyich Mechnikov 15 May 1845 – 15 July 1916) was a Russian Imperial zoologist of Romanian nobility ancestry and Ukrainian Jewish origin best known for his pioneering research in immunology. He and Paul Ehrlich were jointly awarded the 1908 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine “in recognition of their work on immunity”. He was born, lived and worked for many years on the territory of Ukraine. Given this complex heritage, four different nations and peoples justifiably lay claim to Mechnikov.

Honoured as the “father of innate immunity,” Mechnikov was the first to discover a process of immunity called phagocytosis and the cell responsible for it, called phagocyte, specifically macrophage, in 1882. This discovery turned out to be the major defence mechanism in innate immunity, as well as the foundation of the concept of cell-mediated immunity, while Ehrlich established the concept of humoral immunity to complete the principles of immune system. Their works are regarded as the foundation of the science of immunology.

Mechnikov developed one of the earliest concepts in ageing, and advocated the use of lactic acid bacteria (Lactobacillus) for healthy and long life. This became the concept of probiotics in medicine. Mechnikov is also credited with coining the term gerontology in 1903, for the emerging study of aging and longevity. In this regard, Ilya Mechnikov is called the “father of gerontology” (although, as often happens in science, the situation is ambiguous, and the same title is sometimes applied to some other people who contributed to aging research later).

Supporters of life extension celebrate 15 May as Metchnikoff Day, and used it as a memorable date for organizing activities.

Career

Mechnikov was appointed docent at the newly established Imperial Novorossiya University (now Odessa University). Only twenty-two years of age, he was younger than his students. After being involved in a conflict with a senior colleague over attending scientific meetings, he transferred to the University of St. Petersburg in 1868, where he experienced a worse professional environment. In 1870 he returned to Odessa to take up the appointment of Titular Professor of Zoology and Comparative Anatomy.

In 1882 he resigned from Odessa University due to political turmoils after the assassination of Alexander II. He went to Sicily to set up his private laboratory in Messina. He returned to Odessa as director of an institute set up to carry out Louis Pasteur’s vaccine against rabies; due to some difficulties, he left in 1888 and went to Paris to seek Pasteur’s advice. Pasteur gave him an appointment at the Pasteur Institute, where he remained for the rest of his life.

Mechnikov became interested in the study of microbes, and especially the immune system. At Messina he discovered phagocytosis after experimenting on the larvae of starfish. In 1882 he first demonstrated the process when he inserted small citrus thorns into starfish larvae, then found unusual cells surrounding the thorns. He realized that in animals which have blood, the white blood cells gather at the site of inflammation, and he hypothesised that this could be the process by which bacteria were attacked and killed by the white blood cells. He discussed his hypothesis with Carl Friedrich Wilhelm Claus, Professor of Zoology at the University of Vienna, who suggested to him the term “phagocyte” for a cell which can surround and kill pathogens. He delivered his findings at Odessa University in 1883.

His theory, that certain white blood cells could engulf and destroy harmful bodies such as bacteria, met with scepticism from leading specialists including Louis Pasteur, Behring and others. At the time, most bacteriologists believed that white blood cells ingested pathogens and then spread them further through the body. His major supporter was Rudolf Virchow, who published his research in his Archiv für pathologische Anatomie und Physiologie und für klinische Medicin (now called the Virchows Archiv). His discovery of these phagocytes ultimately won him the Nobel Prize in 1908. He worked with Émile Roux on calomel (mercurous chloride) in ointment form in an attempt to prevent people from contracting the sexually transmitted disease syphilis.

In 1887, he observed that leukocytes isolated from the blood of various animals were attracted towards certain bacteria. The first studies of leukocyte killing in the presence of specific antiserum were performed by Joseph Denys and Joseph Leclef, followed by Leon Marchand and Mennes between 1895 and 1898. Almoth E. Wright was the first to quantify this phenomenon and strongly advocated its potential therapeutic importance. The so-called resolution of the humoralist and cellularist positions by showing their respective roles in the setting of enhanced killing in the presence of opsonins was popularized by Wright after 1903, although Metchnikoff acknowledged the stimulatory capacity of immunosentisitized serum on phagotic function in the case of acquired immunity.

This attraction was soon proposed to be due to soluble elements released by the bacteria. Some 85 years after this seminal observation, laboratory studies showed that these elements were low molecular weight (between 150 and 1500 Dalton (unit)s) N-formylated oligopeptides, including the most prominent member of this group, N-Formylmethionine-leucyl-phenylalanine, that are made by a variety of replicating gram positive bacteria and gram negative bacteria. Mechnikov’s early observation, then, was the foundation for studies that defined a critical mechanism by which bacteria attract leukocytes to initiate and direct the innate immune response of acute inflammation to sites of host invasion by pathogens.

The issues of aging occupied a significant place in Mechnikov’s works. Mechnikov developed a theory that aging is caused by toxic bacteria in the gut and that lactic acid could prolong life. Based on this theory, he drank sour milk every day. He wrote The Prolongation of Life: Optimistic Studies, in which he espoused the potential life-lengthening properties of lactic acid bacteria (Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. bulgaricus). He attributed the longevity of Bulgarian peasants to their yogurt consumption. This concept of probiotics was influential in his lifetime, but became ignored until the mid-1990s when experimental evidences emerged.

excerpted: from Wikipedia
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