Idaho History Feb 27, 2022

Idaho 1918-1920 Influenza Pandemic

Part 95

Idaho Newspaper Clippings April 20-23, 1920

Idaho photos courtesy: the Mike Fritz Collection, History of Idaho
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April 20

Bonners Ferry Herald. April 20, 1920, Page 4


Local Pick-ups

A half carload of monuments arrived here this week, shipped from the Inland Monument Company to local people. The monuments are now being placed over graves in the Bonners Ferry cemetery.

Mrs. L. N. Brown underwent an operation on Thursday at the Sacred Heart hospital in Spokane. At last reports she was recovering as fast as could be expected, the operation being a successful one.

The members of the recently reorganized Bonners Ferry Band are holding regular weekly rehearsals in the Christian church building which they have rented for each Friday night. All bandmen are urged to come out to these rehearsals.

Congressman Burton L. French recently sent the Herald a quantity of garden seeds for distribution in the county. Also a number of booklets on gardens and fruit canning, etc., and these will be given free to any one calling at the Herald office.

source: Bonners Ferry Herald. (Bonners Ferry, Idaho), 20 April 1920. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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Bonners Ferry Herald. April 20, 1920, Page 5

Local Pick-ups

Alvin Bush has accepted a position with the New England Undertaking Co., in Spokane. He has been in Spokane the past three weeks.

Nearly all of the ladies of the St. Ann’s Catholic church has signed a pledge to refrain from immodesty in dress. This action was taken last Sunday at the close of the regular service, following a talk given on the subject by Rev. Fr. Ryan. Reform in this regard has been taken up through many of the Catholic churches of the country and is meeting with a ready response. [* see footnote 1]
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Card of Thanks

The undersigned wish to express to their many friends in Meadow Creek and Bonners Ferry, sincere thanks for the kind help and assistance given in their recent bereavement of a loving and kind wife and mother. We wish to especially thank Mrs. J. J. Archer and Mr. Orville Archer, of Meadow Creek

Fred Hartman and Children
Mrs. E. W. Hartman
Frank McGill

(ibid, page 5)
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Bonners Ferry Herald. April 20, 1920, Page 7

Round Prairie News Notes

On account of influenza there has been a shortage of men at the Addie mill the past week.

Arthur Rond is sick with influenza at the home of his parents near Addie.

C. N. Ward went to Bonners Ferry Wednesday for medical treatment.

Miss Dorothy Dunn finished her term of school at Addie on Friday and left that evening for Spokane. Her sister, Miss Pauline Dunn, accompanied her to Spokane where she will spend a short vacation before finishing her school term at Round Prairie.
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(ibid, page 7)
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Bonners Ferry Herald. April 20, 1920, Page 8

Funeral Held Wednesday

The funeral of Mrs. Fred Hartman who died April 11 at her home at Meadow Creek, was held at the Methodist church Wednesday afternoon. The services were conducted by Rev. J. F. Gibson and many friends of the deceased attended. Beautiful flowers were brought by the friends of the deceased as expressions of their esteem for her. Interment was had in the local cemetery.
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Postpone Interchurch Drive

Rev. G. H. Wilbur, chairman of the Interchurch Wold Movement drive in Boundary county, announces that the drive will be postponed until about the Middle of May on account of the condition of the roads making it impossible to carry on a campaign in the rural districts.
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For Sale

1150 pound, 10 year old mare. Or would exchange her with harness and top buggy for a good heavy horse. Also a fine young Holstein bull calf, would trade for a pig weighing not less than 100 pounds, if taken at once. Phone or write H. C. Ward, Addie Idaho. (adv.)

(ibid, page 8)
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Winchester, Idaho nestled in the Craig Mountains (1)


Photo courtesy: the Mike Fritz Collection, History of Idaho
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April 21

The Challis Messenger., April 21, 1920, Page 1


District Court Convenes 22nd

The spring term of District Court will convene in this city Thursday, April 22nd, but owing to the inability of Judge Cowen to arrive that date the court will be opened and adjourned until the following day at 10 o’clock in the morning. …
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Many Cattle Are Dying

Owing to the extreme length of the past winter and the great shortage of hay, many cattle are reported to be dying of starvation. For some time it was hoped that an early spring would relieve the situation but the grass has hardly started to break through the ground on the ranges at this late date and many cattle were so poor when turned out on the range that their weakened condition could not sustain them in their struggles for forage.
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Bayhorse Breezes

Hugh Patrick, Editor

The postoffice at Bayhorse is now serving the people here and we find it to be a great convenience.

source: The Challis Messenger. (Challis, Idaho), 21 April 1920. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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The Challis Messenger., April 21, 1920, Page 2

19200421CM4Weak And Worn?

Has winter left you dull, tired; all worn out? Do you have constant backache, with headaches, dizzy spells, sharp, shooting pains, or annoying kidney irregularities? Influenza and grip epidemics have left thousands with weak kidneys and failing strength. Don’t wait until serious kidney trouble develops. Help the weakened kidneys with Doan’s Kidney Pills. Doan’s have helped thousands and should help you. Ask your neighbor!

An Idaho Case

James N. Thompson, Sixth and W. Idaho Sts., Weiser, Idaho, says: “I was troubled with a dull, constant ache through the small of my back. It hurt me so at times I could hardly keep up. I had always read about Doan’s Kidney Pills, so I got a box to try. I was helped so much I kept on using Doan’s until I was cured. I have never had any return of kidney trouble.”

Get Doan’s at Any Store, 60c a Box
Doan’s Kidney Pills
Foster – Milburn Co., Buffalow, N. Y.

(ibid, page 2)
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The Challis Messenger., April 21, 1920, Page 3

Idaho And Idahoans

The recent church census made of the state of Idaho has developed some rather startling facts and among them are that there are great sections of the state without religious influences of any kind, with no church organization, pastor, minister, or priest and no Sunday school.

J. Robb Brady has received authority from Washington to carry mail from Pocatello to Idaho Falls by airplane, and the postmaster has been authorized to dispatch the mail in this manner, by telegrams from Washington.

The city council has decided on drastic action against speeders in Buhl. A driving limit of fifteen miles an hour is fixed, and the town marshal ordered to do his duty in bringing to justice violators of this law.

The chamber of commerce at Nampa is endeavoring to devise means to care for the school needs of the town next season, which according to statistics, will call for accommodations for 500 additional pupils.

The question of bonding Adams county for $125,000 to assist in the completion of the north and south state highway was carried at the recent election.

School district no. 40, comprising of the Pingree-Rich precincts, has voted a bond issue of $15,500 for school construction purposes.

State school authorities propose to definitely determine how many defective children there are in the schools of Idaho. It is estimated there are 200. To verify these figures each county superintendent is asked to make a report.

(ibid, page 3)
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The Challis Messenger., April 21, 1920, Page 5

Items About People You Know

To Pocatello — J. H. Van Camp left the fore part of the week to Pocatello, where he will enter the Lynn Brothers Hospital to submit to an operation for throat trouble. Mrs. Van Camp accompanied him as far as his destination and continued on her way to Boise for a visit with relatives.

To Mackay — D. M. Burnett and wife were called to Mackay the latter part of last week by the death of Mr. Burnett’s father. The old gentleman was one of the pioneers of the West and numbered his friends by his acquaintances. Interment was made in the Mackay cemetery on Saturday afternoon. The many friends of the family here extend their sympathy.
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(ibid, page 5)
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The Challis Messenger., April 21, 1920, Page 6

Harmful Early Spring Grazing
Carrying Capacity of Ranges Has Been Materially Reduced by Practice
Season Will Be Shortened
Forage Plants Cannot Be Grazed the Instant They Begin to Show – Density and Luxuriance of Plants Are Decreased

(Prepared by the United States Department of Agriculture.)

Early spring grazing in Western ranges has so materially reduced the carrying capacity and forage resources that the forest service, United States department of agriculture, has found it necessary on many of the national forests to shorten the present grazing season from two to four weeks. This cut will be put into effect this spring.

“It is the purpose of the forest service,” states an official in charge of grazing, “to place the live stock industry on the national forests on a substantial, permanent basis. To do this it is necessary to produce a maximum cover of vegetation on all ranges. The first precaution is to avoid too early grazing. Every stockman interested in his business knows that forage plants cannot be grazed the instant they begin to show above the ground. Such early spring use of the range not only decreases the density and luxuriance of plant growth, but also reduces the carrying capacity and the fertility of the soil, and if continued, ultimately results in waste range.

Plants Grazed Too Early

“Studies carried on at the Great Basin experiment station in Utah have proved that where plants are continually cut back or cropped, the root system loses its vitality and the plant soon dies. On some of the national forest ranges, which are grazed early and heavily, the forage plants are showing similar signs of serious damage, and will rapidly go from bad to worse if remedial measures are not put in force. The old grasses, with their root systems weakened by repeated cropping, are almost exterminated and are being replaced by worthless weeds. Erosion of the soil has also started in many places and threatens serious erosion. Experiments have shown that off a ten-acre tract, heavily overgrazed, as much as 25 tons of earth and rock have frequently have been washed down after a few minutes of heavy rain. These are some of the things which follow in the wake of too early use of the range and from overgrazing.

Later Season Is Best

“A grazing season that starts late in the spring, thus giving the forage plants a chance to develop, and more careful management of the range, will do much toward bettering and eventually eliminating such conditions.”
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Catarrh is a Real Enemy and Requires Vigorous Treatment
Do Not Neglect it.

When you use sprays, atomizers and douches for your Catarrh, you may succeed in unstopped the choked-up air passages for the time being, but this annoying condition returns, and you have to do the same thing over and over again.

Catarrh has never yet been cured by these local applications. Have you ever experience any real benefit from such treatment?

Throw these makeshift remedies to the winds, and get on the right treatment. Get a bottle of S. S. S., and begin a treatment that has been praised by sufferers for half a century.

S. S. S. gets right at the source of Catarrh, and forces from the blood the germs which cause the disease. Special medical advice regarding your own case free. Address Medical Director, 106 Swift Laboratory, Atlanta, Ga.
[* see footnote 2]
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(ibid, page 6)
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Main Street, Winchester, Idaho


Photo courtesy: the Mike Fritz Collection, History of Idaho
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April 22

The Grangeville Globe. April 22, 1920, Page 1


Gideon Unzicker Dead
Well Known Farmer of Joseph Plains Passed Away on April 13

Gideon Unzicker one of the well known citizens of the Joseph Plains country passed away at the family home on Tuesday, April 13, at the age of 62 years and three months. His remains were taken to Westlake for interment.

Deceased was born in Hickory county Missouri, January 13, 1858. At the age of 27 years he was united in marriage to Miss Ella Wilhelm, at Emporia, Kansas. They moved [to] Westlake in 1896, where they resided until the fall of 1910, when they sold their property and moved to Joseph, engaging in farming and cattle raising. About three years ago the family moved up on the Eva Canfield place, working for James Aram until taken ill with the “flu” about a week before his death.

Surviving him are his widow and six children, all with the exception of one child that was sick being at the bedside when death came.
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Returned From California
Evan Evans, While Spending Winter in California, Had Severe Illness

Evan Evans, who is a member of the state board of education, returned home last Saturday evening after spending the winter with relatives in lower California.

Enroute home Mr. Evans visited Boise and attended a very important meeting of the state board of education, and when at Lewiston gave his attention to some normal school matters.

While in California Mr. Evans suffered an attack of the influenza and for a time was a very sick man and is just now regaining his normal condition.

source: The Grangeville Globe. (Grangeville, Idaho), 22 April 1920. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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The Grangeville Globe. April 22, 1920, Page 2

Among The Farm Bureaus Of Idaho

2,000 Doses For Blackleg

Last month 2000 doses of blackleg vaccine were distributed by farm bureau committeemen in Fremont county.

1025 Animals Vaccinated

There were 1025 head of cattle vaccinated in Madison county last month through the efforts of the farm bureau.

(ibid, page 2)
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The Grangeville Globe. April 22, 1920, Page 5

Whitebird News

Mr. Unzicker of Joseph, who died [of “flu”] Thursday evening was taken to Westlake for burial.

Dr. Fosket was called to Spring Camp this week by illness of Walter Lemmons.

Mrs. Lou Brust of Joseph, is reported quite ill, with “flu,” this being the second attack.

The dance given at Zeris’ Hall Friday night was reported very successful.

The steam shovel at Camp No. 1 is repaired and reported to be running again.
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To Trade

A Ford truck for good team. See Albert Fray
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(ibid, page 5)
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The Grangeville Globe. April 22, 1920, Page 8

Local Happenings

E. C. Adkinson of Ferdinand, was an arrival on last evening’s train and is spending the day in the city. Mr. Adkinson, who recently suffered a very severe illness, is slowly regaining his former robust condition.

D. H. Sasenbery, who has been confined to his home in this city for the past couple of weeks with rheumatism, was able to be at his place of business for a short time today. He is still pretty much of a cripple, however.

Alvin, the little son of Mr. and Mrs. A. D. Kennedy, had the misfortune to break his arm last week while wrestling with a small playmate.

Mrs. Walter Rape last week took charge of the Idaho hotel, to the rear of the Grangeville Savings & Truck Co. bank and has been having the place renovated throughout. As heretofore meals will be served at the Idaho.

(ibid, page 8)
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Idaho County Free Press. April 22, 1920, Page 1


Gideon Unzicker Is Dead of Pneumonia

Gideon Unzicker, for many years a resident of Idaho county, died on April 13 in his home on Joseph plains, as a result of pneumonia. He was 62 years of age.

Mr. Unzicker was born on Jan. 13, 1858, in Hickory county, Mo. When 27 years old, he was married to Miss Ella Wilhelm, at Emporia Kas. In 1896 removed to Idaho, settling at Westlake,m where they resided until the autumn of 1910, when they sold their place and removed to the Joseph country, where they since rsided. Mr. Unzicker was taken ill with influenza a week before he died. Influenza developed into pneumonia.

Surviving him are his widow and six children. All the children except one were with him at the time of death. Burial took place in the cemetery at Westlake.

source: Idaho County Free Press. (Grangeville, Idaho), 22 April 1920. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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Idaho County Free Press. April 22, 1920, Page 2


(Special Correspondence)

Everett Taylor has been ill the past week with the grippe, but is reported to be better now. He is staying with his aunt, Mrs. P. O. Chamberlin.

Miss Doris Reeves has been ill with the grippe.

A dance was given Friday night at the Zerr hall. Proceeds went to Gilbert Daley. Every one reported a delightful time.

Mr. Daley will soon leave for Spokane where he will have his eyes treated.

After the dance Friday night, Harry Zerr, while taking a few road men back to the road camp, slid with his car over the bank just below the steam shovel. No one was hurt. The car was not damaged as it was not overturned.

“Doc” Warden and family, who have been living in Whitebird for the winter, are removing to Rice creek, between Doumecq and Joseph.
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Card Of Thanks

We wish to thank our many kind friends and neighbors for their kindness, sympathy and assistance during the lingering illness and death of our beloved brother.

Charles Hensley,
Mrs. Ada Desgranges,
Mrs. Ethel Boughton,
Mrs. Myrtle Wilson,
Edwin Hensley
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(ibid, page 2)
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Idaho County Free Press. April 22, 1920, Page 4

Obituary Sketch of Maude Ellenor Wyatt

The Free Press has received the following obituary sketch of Miss Maude Ellenor Wyatt, who died in Montana, and mention of whose death was made last week:

What proved to be the most severe shock of the year to the Wisdom community and school was the untimely death of Miss Maude Ellenor Wyatt, a freshman in the Wisdom high school and daughter of Mrs. Laura Culley, a former resident of Whitebird, Idaho. She had recently experience an attack of pneumonia, but was considered beyond danger when heart disease suddenly took her on the morning of April 8.

Miss Wyatt was born in Whitebird, Aug. 11, 1905. She lived there with her parents and attended school until three years ago, when she removed to Wisdom, Mont., with her mother. Since her residence there, she advanced rapidly in school and made a multitude of very close friends who mourn the loss. The simple but beautiful funeral services held at the Wisdom church were attended by the whole community. Appropriate music was rendered and many beautiful floral pieces adorned the casket. the occasion seemed praticularly [sic] sad, since the deceased was so young, and only a few days previous had been so full of vigor and life, so the sudden end seemed almost unbelievable. The bereaved relatives have the whole-hearted sympathy of the entire community.

Miss Wyatt is survived by her mother, Mrs. Laura Culley, half-brother and sister, Burton and Clarissa, and her grandmother, Mrs. Garrett, who reside in Wisdom, Mont., and her father, E. G. Wyatt, her grandfather and her grandmother, Mr. and Mrs. R. E. Wyatt.

(ibid, page 4)
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Idaho County Free Press. April 22, 1920, Page 5

James E. Hensley, Riggins, Is Called By Death

James. E. Hensley, a pioneer of Idaho county and prominent millwright, carpenter and cabinet maker, died at his home in Riggins on April 12. Word of his death though not unexpected came as a shock to his many friends. It had been known for some time that he was critically ill, having suffered intensely with rheumatism more than a year. He bore his illness cheerfully and with patience. Public funeral services were conducted at the Riggins cemetery, where the remains were laid to rest.

James E. Hensley was born in Walla Walla, Wn., Jan. 9, 1858, and came to Idaho when a young man. He served as a government scout in the Indian war of 1877. He also served the government as forest guard and trapper, bought furs in the north, and was among the prominent residents of Florence and Coeur d’Alene during the great booms and mining excitements.

In 1905 he removed to the Riggins district of Salmon river, where he later took up a homestead on Race creek, but illness compelled him to leave the ranch which he sold and removed to Riggins, where he resided until the time of his death.

Immediate relatives left to mourn the death are one son, and two daughters, Edwin Hensley, of Kellogg, Ida., who served in the late war, Mrs. Ethel Boughton and Mrs. Byrtle Wilson, of Wallace, Ida.; one sister and two brothers, Mrs. Ada Desgrages of Kennewick, Wn.; J. F. Hensley of Sweet, Ida., and Charles Hensley of Rockford, Wn., who was at his bed side when death came.

James Hensley was regarded as a man with many warm friends and no enemies. He was peaceable, upright and honest, and well liked and respected by all who knew him.

(ibid, page 5)
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Idaho County Free Press. April 22, 1920, Page 8

Local News In Brief

Boy Hurt — Alvin Kennedy, 10-year-old son of A. D. Kennedy, of the Hub store, is recovering from a fracture of a bone in one of his fingers. The injury was incurred while the boy was wrestling with a playmate.

No More Dances — To permit the various committee of the Cowboy band to arrange the hall for the Days of ’49 next week, there will be no more dances at the Deramland hall until Wednesday evening, April 28, the first evening of the three nights’ show.

Wanted — Housekeeper in family of four, one who will take full charge. Apply, Western Union.
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While the winter has been hard on cattle in the Spring Camp country said Mr. Smith, spring has opened and cattle are beginning to gain.
— —

Secure some post card pictures of the Cowboy band at Lamm’s drug store and mail them to your friends and invite them to the Days of ’49, April 28, 29, and 30.

(ibid, page 8)
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Payette Enterprise., April 22, 1920, Page 1


Public Health Nursing Service

A few representative people from different parts of the county met in the Methodist Church for a conference in the interest of Public Health. The proposition is to organize a Public Health Association and employ a County Nurse. The funds are to be sought from the Red Cross. The executive committee of the Red Cross held a meeting Monday evening to consider the Red Cross part of the program. A meeting is called for Friday evening which should be in the nature of a mass meeting and all who have an interest in the matter should make known their desires. The meeting Friday evening will be held in the Court House at 8 o’clock p.m.

At the close of the meeting an election of officers for the Red Cross chapter will be held. Chairman, Vice Chairman, Secretary and Treasurer to be elected.
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J. R. Banks, Jr. Improving

J. R. Banks has been at Boise for the last end days where his son, John Jr., underwent an operation for rupture caused from a kick by a mule while in the service in France. His condition was quite serious for some time, but we are pleased to announce he is now recovering nicely.
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Personal And Local Mention

Mrs. M. F. Albert and Mrs. Lester Albert are both slowly improving at the hospital in Boise, but it will be some time before either will be able to return home.

Andy Maneman returned last week from Rochester, Minn., where he went some time ago and underwent an operation for stomach trouble. The operation was successful and he is now much improved. Mr. Maneman says the people here don’t know anything about storms or bad weather as compared to what they have back there.

John M. DenBoer who went to Council last week as district fruit inspector, is writing to have the Enterprise sent to his address at Council, states it is very cold with a 60-mile wind and plenty of snow on the hills near by.

J. O Tunnell and Earl Coats of French were in Payette Wednesday. They report the Willow Creek country looking good with prospects of a good crop. Some of the ranchers are already irrigating their crops, utilizing the water now coming down below the reservoir.

So far April has been a very unfavorable month for orchardists to do their spraying. It has been exceptionally cold and windy for the Payette Valley, but the cool weather holding back the buds is a good indication for a sure crop. Some of the growers are complaining that the Jonathan trees will put out a light blossom this year, but it is rather soon to predict. Usually this variety requires a great deal of thinning, and a half crops of blossoms is ample for a full crop.

There are two things that don’t go well together – whiskey and gasoline, especially when the gasoline is in the automobile and the whiskey in the driver. What would it be at the present time if we had wide open saloons?
— —


Looses Two Fingers

Clarence Dunn met with a serious accident Wednesday afternoon while working at the Prindle Planning [sic] Mill. He was running some small timbers through the planning [sic] machine with small buzz saw attached for cutting grooves, and in some manner caught his left hand in the saw, badly lacerating the hand and fingers. He was taken to the Doctor’s office where it was found necessary to amputate the two middle fingers near the second joint.

source: Payette Enterprise. (Payette, Canyon Co., Idaho), 22 April 1920. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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Payette Enterprise., April 22, 1920, Page 7

Fruitland Department
Mrs. Cosie Branthoover

Mrs. John Wilson passed away at her home south of Fruitland Saturday evening. Death was due to complications following the flu. The funeral was held Tuesday afternoon at the Christian Church in Payette.

Mr. Davis passed away at the home of his daughter, Mrs. Louise Ward Saturday evening at 8:00 o’clock. He was 65 years of age. Had lived here two years, coming here from Utah. Mrs. Davis died just before they moved here. The body was shipped to Jerome Sunday evening. Mrs. Ward and family and Ted Davis left Monday morning for that place and the funeral was held Tuesday afternoon.

Mrs. Ward will go to Mayo Bros for an operation for double goitre before returning to Fruitland. Mrs. Beehler entertained Mrs. Ward and family and Ted Davis at dinner Sunday. Sympathy is extended to the whole family.

L. G. Hooley left Sunday morning for Welland, Wyoming, called there by the illness of his brother who had a stroke of paralysis and is very low.

While in Boise last week, Alma Reins had her tonsils and adenoids removed. She is recovering nicely.

Harland Polly met with a serious and painful accident while out fishing. He found a box with powder in it and to make sure it was powder he lit a match and it flashed in his face burning quite badly However the Doctor thinks his eyesight will not be injured.
— —

North Payette
By Mrs. F. G. Harland

School election was held in District No. 1 Monday afternoon. Mr. Suplee was reelected.

Last Friday forenoon the students of Dist. No. 1 cleaned their school yard and in the afternoon a Bird and Arbor Day Program was enjoyed by many patrons of the school.
— —

Little Willow

William Stirm is the man of the hour, on the big grader down in the valley.

How much is the two Willow creek valleys going to get for their proportion of the funds for road work this year? Will we have good graded roads out of it as we hoped we would. Being a Star Route we are entitled to some good work. Now don’t all guess at once.

(ibid, page 7)
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High School, Winchester, Idaho


Photo courtesy: the Mike Fritz Collection, History of Idaho
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April 23

Cottonwood Chronicle. April 23, 1920, Page 1


News Around The S1ate
Items of Interest From Various Sections Reproduced for Benefit of Our Readers

Four of the five teachers of the Reubens schools are quarantined for measles. Many of the pupils have been exposed and an epidemic of the disease is feared. The four teachers referred to occupy a teacherage and only one of them – Miss Rongsted – came down with the disease and is quite ill.

Dr. S. A. Herrington of Plummer was given a preliminary hearing Tuesday afternoon before Probate Judge Mitchell at St. Maries on the charge of practicing medicine without a state license. He was bound over to district court in the sum of $500.

Rose Smith and R. T. Garrett, pickets for the Cooks’ and Waiters’ union at Boise, were arrested Saturday upon the complaint of the proprietor of the Silver Grill, for flashing from a hand mirror, the reflection of the sun in patrons’ faces.

Barney Netler, resident of the Lewiston county for many years is in a serious condition at the White hospital as a result of poisoning by olives eaten in a Lewiston restaurant. Mr. Netler was seized with cramps shortly after eating the olives and was in a critical condition when taken to the hospital.

An extensive survey made to determine the supply of farm labor indicated that the present supply is only 3 per cent less than a year ago. In several counties reporters indicate labor is being attracted to saw mills, factories and public and private construction by the shorter hours and better checks.

A storm of protest from organized labor in Idaho has been aroused by the announcement that Secretary of Labor Wilson has “suspended the immigration laws to admit Canadian and Mexican laborers for the exclusive purpose of cultivating, and harvesting the beet crop in Colorado, Wyoming, Utah, Idaho and Nebraska.”

Governor Davis and approximately 100 other state officials and employees, signed the overall pledge. This makes nearly 600 signed in two days. The supreme court is considering signing in a body.

source: Cottonwood Chronicle. (Cottonwood, Idaho), 23 April 1920. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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Cottonwood Chronicle. April 23, 1920, Page 4

County Seat News Items

E. S. Sweet came in Monday night from Moscow where he had been in a hospital for a short time. Mr. Sweet has not been well for some time past and at Moscow was placed on a diet which it is hoped will afford him relief.

Reports received by Don C. Fisher, deputy state fish and game warden, from licensed trappers, of their catches, indicate a successful season, Mr. Fisher asserts. Under the law, trappers are required to report the number and species of animals caught. With high prices for furs, the trappers’ harvest this year had been big.
— —

School Notes

(By Wm. A. Lustie)

It’s too much to expect of any man or woman!

The average salaries paid to teachers are ridiculously low.

The demands made upon them by the general public are extremely exacting.

The teacher works not six hours a day as the program would indicate, but ten or twelve or more, because her day is not over when the last class is dismissed.

Teaching is nerve-racking work, it undermines health and vitality and brings early physical deterioration. Of course, somebody much teach school and there are teaching positions that properly challenge the finest efforts of our greatest educators, but it is not fair to any teacher to expect her to serve a lifetime in a mediocre teaching position under present conditions. It is fair enough, perhaps, for the young woman or young man to devote two or three years to community service, but it is equally fair that sacrifice should be equitably distributed and no one person should be called upon for an excessive share.

The above is taken from an advertisement by a prominent business college. These advertisements are sent to thousands of teachers thru-out [sic] the Northwest. At the top of the advertisement this evolution of the teacher is pictured:

End of First Year – Tired – But Happy.

End of Second year – Very Tired – Fairly Happy.

Sometime, Sooner or Later – Worn out – Unhappy.

Is there any other profession that can be appealed to in this manner? Are the American people willing to let the teaching profession remain such that it can be appealed to as in the above advertisement? Think of the shame of it!

Are the good citizens of America willing to stand for such insults, as the above, to be heaped upon the teaching profession? or are they not insults but just plain unvarnished facts? Whichever they are, you, Mr. Citizen have a duty to perform.

High School students should do some home study. Parents, are you helping us teachers in seeing to it that your boy and that your girls is not loafing on the job.

In a spelling contest in English I conducted by Miss Sully, Louise spelled the class down on the word elimination.

On Thursday afternoon, April 29th there will be held in the Gymnasium a display of the work done during the year by the Domestic Science and Manual Training classes of the High School. The Domestic Science girls are also planning a food sale.

(ibid, page 4)
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Cottonwood Chronicle. April 23, 1920, Page 5

Brief General News

The “overalls club” movement, intended as a protest against the high price of clothing, is spreading rapidly over the country. City officials, bankers, doctors, students, judges, dramatists, preachers, merchants and business men generally are rising en masse. In a sense official sanction has been given the movement, for the petition of the employees in the Norfolk navy yard to wear denim has been allowed.

(ibid, page 5)
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Cottonwood Chronicle. April 23, 1920, Page 6

Do You Now?

Do you know that since the organization of “overall” clubs throughout the country in an effort to bring down the high cost of clothing that overalls have raised in some sections from $3 a pair to $8.

(ibid, page 6)
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Cottonwood Chronicle. April 23, 1920, Page 8

Cottonwood And Vicinity
Personal Mention and Local Happening of the Week in This Vicinity

Reports are out that the moving picture show will again be put in operation within a very short time. The show has been closed since the influenza epidemic.

After an illness of several weeks H. G. Agnew made his appearance on the streets of Cottonwood Thursday for the first time since being confined to his bed. His many friends were glad to see him up and around again.

Mrs. Gus Kopczynski was reported quite ill the first of the week but is reported much better at this writing which is indeed welcoming news to her friends.

Little Miss Helen Hodges, a daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Plen Hodges of Cloverland Wash., had her tonsils and adenoids removed this week by Dr. Orr. The little lady is getting along nicely from the effects of the operation.

Mrs. T. C. Keith returned Tuesday evening from Eugene, Oregon where she was called some two weeks ago on account of the serious illness of her father. Mrs. Keith reports that her father was somewhat improved when she left his bedside.

Phil Wagner, Gus Maugg, Henry Hattrup and Ira Robertson were visitors at Grangeville Sunday going over in the Hattrup car. Returning home the boys got stuck in a mud hole near Fenn and while they are all of the opinion that the Dodge is a good puller when given an even break in the mud, they have little praise for it as a bed, as they were compelled to spend the night in the car returning home from Fenn on the morning train. The car was mired in the mud to the bed and had to be dug out with shovels.

(ibid, page 8)
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The Oakley Herald. April 23, 1920, Page 1


In The Gem State

A number of cases of smallpox are reported at Burley. The disease has been hard to control owing to the fact that many cases are so light that those having it never know it until others have been exposed.

Memorial trees were planted in honor of Meridian’s dead soldier boys on Arbor day, April 14.

M. F. Albert, of Payette, who lost both his legs in France, has been elected adjutant of the Idaho department of the American Legion.

Notice is given that the United States hospital at Boise barracks will be opened to patients April 19.

For the first time in the history of Twin Falls county a jury composed entirely of women was empaneled last week to hear testimony in a criminal trial.

The city of Rupert is planning on a brick building to store all of the city equipment.

Word has been received at Challis that sheep in the valley are dying in great numbers on account of lack of feed and continued cold weather.
— —

Leslie Koch A Bum Weather Prophet

Last Saturday Leslie Koch said that he was the best weather prophet in the United States, Canada or Mexico, and that he knew we were going to have fair weather, and nothing but fair weather. We did not believe it at the time and now we know there was no truth in it. Just remember the snow yesterday, – that grand and glorious snow that fell so beautifully in spite of Leslie’s predictions.

Well, Leslie, we hope you will not become discouraged. Just keep on predicting clear weather, and if things turn out as they have in the past, every one of your predictions will be worth thousands of dollars to the farmers.

source: The Oakley Herald. (Oakley, Idaho), 23 April 1920. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
— — — —

The Oakley Herald. April 23, 1920, Page 4

In And Around Town

Mrs. C. W. Ryan and children returned to Oakley yesterday. For several weeks she has been with her mother, who has been seriously ill.

A mass meeting was held in the American Legion room Monday night to protest against the overall movement, which injures the welfare of our town by damaging the wool market. A committee was appointed to draft resolutions expressing the sentiment of the meeting. These resolutions were adopted Wednesday night.

For Sale – one millch cow, 40 good hens and 74 small chicks. See C. Oscar Eklund.
— —

Camphor And Witchhazel Help Weak Eyes

Oakley people are astonished at the quick results produced by simple witchhazel, camphor, hydrastis, etc., as mixed in Lavoptic eye wash. In one case of weak and nearsighted eyes a few days use brought great improvement. In another case it stopped eye pains and inflammation. We guarantee a small bottle of Lavoptic to help ANY CASE weak, strained or inflamed eyes. Aluminum eye cup FREE. W. W. Quillian, Druggist. (Adv.)

(ibid, page 4)
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Montpelier Examiner. April 23, 1920, Page 1


Public Hospital For Montpelier

Montpelier is to have a city and county hospital. This was agreed upon at a recent meeting of the board of county commissioners and city officials in this city. The need of such an institution has long been felt by both the city and county officials, and the matter was favorably discussed at the meeting and a committee named to make preliminary arrangements for the hospital. This committee is composed of County Physicians Dr. H. H. Kind, representing the county board, and the city board of health with Dr. George F. Ashley, chairman of the board, acting as chairman of the committee.

Whether this hospital shall be located outside the city limits or within, is the matter occupying the attention of the committee. The most feasible move, as fully agreed upon at the meeting, is to erect the hospital as an addition to the Montpelier hospital in order that the institution may be under the surveillance of the hospital staff at all times and the institution receive proper attention, instead of being neglected when not in use, as would probably be the case were the hospital built outside the city. There is a point of law to be overcome as to whether the institution can be maintained within the city, and as soon as this is decided, work on the hospital will be started.

source: Montpelier Examiner. (Montpelier, Idaho), 23 April 1920. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
— — — —

Montpelier Examiner. April 23, 1920, Page 2

Local Brevities

The Montpelier public library will hereafter be open to the public Wednesday afternoons from 1:30 to 4:00. This action was found necessary owing to the rush experienced by the librarian on Saturday afternoons.

Buy the Thomson Glove-Fitting Corsets. They are the best. Also call and see our line of new Brassieres. H. B. Whitman

(ibid, page 2)
— — — —

Montpelier Examiner. April 23, 1920, Page 3

Paris Notes

(Special Examiner Service.)

Miss Ethel E. Redfield, state superintendent of public instruction, spent Monday in Paris. While here Miss Redfield addressed the students at Fielding academy and visited the Emmerson school. She commended highly the school building and spoke in highest terms of the educational facilities here.

With the convening of court here Monday morning, many cases are to be opened, and a large number of visitors in town are reported.

Shipments of phosphate from Paris are increasing rapidly. Work on the mine of the Bear Lake Phosphate company is being pushed further rapidly, while the output of the Western Phosphate mine is increasing rapidly. A cave-in on the mine tunnel caused delay last week, but the damage is being quickly repaired.

(ibid, page 3)
— — — —

Montpelier Examiner. April 23, 1920, Page 4

Painfully Bruised In Fall

Mrs. H. M. Nelson suffered a badly bruised neck through a fall on the kitchen floor of her home a week ago. An x-ray photo of the injured parts was necessary, and so far her injuries are undetermined, although not considered serious.
— —

Taken To Hospital

Theodore Closner of this city has been taken to the L. D. S. hospital in Salt Lake City where he will undergo treatment for blood poisoning in his foot.

He was removed to the Salt Lake institution Wednesday morning.
— —

Next thing we know these new fangled critters who are burning to “save daylight” will be trying to turn the sun back an hour.

(ibid, page 4)
— — — —

Montpelier Examiner. April 23, 1920, Page 5

Nounan News Items

Many of the people here are having a very serious time obtaining feed for their stock.

The students of the eighth grade have just taken their final examinations. Mr. Wright says he is quite confident that they will pass with glowing marks. One student who is especially strong in spelling received 100 per cent in the recent contest in that subject.

The Old Folks of Nounan were given an entertainment Thursday. A very delicious tray luncheon was served. Games and dancing were enjoyed by all.
— —

Plan to Order All Idaho Sheep Dipped

At the suggestion of leading sheepmen of the state, says the Boise Statesman, Miles Cannon, state commissioner of agriculture, announced last week that he has called a meeting of sheepmen at his office April 24 to plan for a general dipping order.

“The plan is to dip all sheep and thereby eradicate scabbies, root and branch, from the whole state,” said the commissioner.

The advice of the advisory committee made up of 34 prominent sheepmen of the state will be especially sought on the plan of a general dipping campaign, said Mr. Cannon.

Some sheepmen in the state, find it better to dip their sheep in the spring, others in the summer. A workable plan to which all can conform will be the object of the conference.

(ibid, page 5)
— — — —

Montpelier Examiner. April 23, 1920, Page 10

Commissioners Proceedings

Commissioners met pursuant to law this 12th day of April, 1920, at ten o’clock a.m. Present Ezra J. Howell, chairman, J. T. Peterson and Silas L. Wright, Commissioners, D. C. Kunz, Prosecuting Attorney, Dr. H. H. King, County Physician, and S. H. Rich, Clerk, and the following proceedings were had to wit:

In the matter of considering the purchase of a site and the building of a Pest House, the Board being fully advised regarding the health conditions, it was decided that the Board meet with the City Council of Montpelier on Thursday, next, with the view of cooperating with the City in the establishment of a Pest House. … [* see footnote 3]

In the matter of the application of Josephine C. Blade, of St. Charles to be placed on the Widow’s Pension list of the County, it appearing to the Board that she is worthy, and on the recommendation and order of the Probate Judge, it is hereby ordered that she be placed on the Widow’s Pension list of the County, and the County Auditor is hereby directed to draw his warrant in favor of said Josephine C. Blade in the amount of $15.00 per month. …

Current Expense


LeRoy Loveland, quarantine services… $23.85
Modern Drug Co., mdse. for Co. Indigent… $1.50
Nettie Hillier, nursing county sick… $70.00
W. J. Crockett Merc. Co. Mdse. for indigent… $7.40
Mrs. Wm. T. Severn, care of indigent… $116.00
Childrens Home Finding & Aid Society of Idaho, care of homeless children… $32.50
Hyrum Nelson, quarantine services… $78.75
Riter Bros. Drug So., three fumigators… $1.50
Dr. R. H. Munson, dental services for indigent…$59.00
Bert Orr, quarantine services… $33.00
Hotel Paris, meals for prisoners… $34.00
Adeliae Tueller, nursing influenza patients…$64.00
A. S. Dimick, quarantine services… $53.90
Henry Nate, quarantine services… $178.50
Mrs. Wm. T. Severn care of indigent… $124.00
Motel Paris, board for prisoners… $4.00
Grand Restaurant, meals for indigents & prisoners… $13.50
Isaac Johnson, quarantine services… $20.55
Stafford Cleveland, quarantine services… $40.00
The Nielsen Furniture Co., mdse. for indigent… $34.00

(ibid, page 10)
— — — —

Montpelier Examiner. April 23, 1920, Page 12


(ibid, page 12)


Footnote 1


And why is it that while men and women both wear shirts today, with very few exceptions, men do not wear shirts that are lowcut or left unbuttoned, or sleeveless, or fit the body so tight that they reveal every form of their upper torso. Yet women constantly do this. Men keep their neckline essentially closed, but women regularly wear clothing that directs the eyes to the breasts and is sufficiently disclosing that when they bend over, it leaves little need for imagination. Women wear tops that are so tight that, again, little imagination is needed. Men have enough trouble as it is with their thoughts and feelings without women blatantly provoking them.

Furthermore, pants for men have always been utilitarian. That’s the way of a true man. They’re functional and thereby loose in fit. But what does a women do to men’s pants? She makes them so tight and skimpy and low cut that they take on an entirely different purpose – to advertise her body – which should be fully hidden under God’s substitutionarly covering of clothing. Women took a sign of authority and corrupted it.

Men wear swimwear that is immodest, but it is no comparison to the virtual nudity of women. Men’s undergarments are generally modest and functional, but women’s undergarments are sensual, near non-existent, or even non-existent.

Why do women want to advertise their bodies? It is quite evident that since 1920 women have dressed to lead men into sin (to miss the mark). Why? Because once “Eve” ate from the forbidden fruit, she wanted the man to join in her fall, to enter into her level of demise, to enter into her “nakedness,” and thus, one again, she hands the forbidden to the man to cause him to equally sin. This she has effectively done with her clothing as well.

Considering the way women dress today – evidencing the major departure of women from modest dress following the Curse of 1920 – one clearly sees that Eve is passing along the forbidden fruit to get men to sin as well, to miss the mark. And where does this leave the man? As with Adam, he is now forced to either accept or deny the forbidden fruit liberally offered to him by women. And this fruit is not just offered by their immodest and sensual dress, but as we are seeing, by their corrupted ideas of home and civil government, by their desire to enter the man’s workplace, by taking on his appearance, but all these things and more that are direct consequences of the women’s rights movement. The women’s rights movement is the sin of Eve!

Even Christian women dress the way of immodesty and rebellion, tempting men as well, and giving absolutely no thought to it at all (other than the thought of how to look attractive and sensual). Is the woman entirely mindless about her actions? Where is her shame? One again they prove that they are the weaker vessel that is easily deceived. When are women going to wake up to the wrong they are doing, return to their places, and cover themselves?

Ladies, you are the ones who were used by Satan to get us into this cursed state, and you can help get us out. Consider what you are doing, have shame and sorrow and do what is right. Women need to:

Repent and get out of men’s clothing and the place of the man and find their place in the home under their husband’s authority, covering themselves in modest women’s clothing. This is your hope of overturning the destruction that has taken place through you. This is our hope as a nation.

This concludes the matter of the women’s rights movement, the first and the most significant prong of the Curse of 1920 …

source: pages 133-135 “The Curse of 1920” By Gary D. Naler April 1, 2007
— — — — — — — — — —

Footnote 2


The word “catarrh” was widely used in medicine since before the era of medical science, which explains why it has various senses and in older texts may be synonymous with, or vaguely indistinguishable from, common cold, nasopharyngitis, pharyngitis, rhinitis, or sinusitis. The word is no longer as widely used in American medical practice, mostly because more precise words are available for any particular disease. Indeed, to the extent that it is still used, it is no longer viewed nosologically as a disease entity but instead as a symptom, a sign, or a syndrome of both. The term “catarrh” is found in medical sources from the United Kingdom. The word has also been common in the folk medicine of Appalachia, where medicinal plants have been used to treat the inflammation and drainage associated with the condition.

from: Wikipedia
— — — —

Catarrhal Diseases of the Nose and Throat

J. D. Albright, M.D. October 24, 1896 JAMA


To any careful observer, and all physicians should be such, it must have become apparent that catarrhal diseases of the nose and throat are becoming more and more frequent and play a most important part in the practice of every physician who gives more than passing attention to their treatment.

There seems to be a prevailing opinion in the minds of many of our profession that the correct treatment of these diseases involve the use of special and expensive instruments and require a more than ordinary degree of skill to use them properly, so that these cases are allowed to drift to the specialist, who, by the way, is often no more than a physician who keeps posted and has the courage to apply his knowledge.

By a moderate amount of study and diligent practice, by perseverance in the use of the methods at hand the general practitioner may overcome imaginary difficulties that seem to stand between him and success and he will be richly rewarded for his time and labor so spent. The instruments that may be called necessary are: A good light, a head mirror, a nasal speculum, a tongue depressor and a laryngeal mirror. With these as aids in diagnosis, if the examination is conducted carefully, we are certainly in a position to diagnosticate the existing conditions and therefore treat them intelligently. Among the laity there is much termed “catarrh” that bears no relation whatever to it, and in this disease more than in any other these people glory in making their own diagnosis, so that the physician is often taken off his guard and is led to treat catarrh on the strength of his patient’s words instead of a careful examination. …

continued: (pay wall)
— — — —

Nasal Instruments

NasalInstruments-aPublished in “Price List of Physicians Supplies” Chas Truax & Greene Co. 1893.

[Listed on Ebay]
— — — — — — — — — —

Footnote 3

Pest House

A pest house, plague house, pesthouse or fever shed was a type of building used for persons afflicted with communicable diseases such as tuberculosis, cholera, smallpox or typhus. Often used for forcible quarantine, many towns and cities had one or more pesthouses accompanied by a cemetery or a waste pond nearby for disposal of the dead.

More info: Wikipedia

Further Information



Possibly 1930’s. No info, from unknown sources. Found on Twitter:
— — — — — — — — — —

Video: We Heard the Bells – The Influenza Pandemic of 1918

In 1918-1919, the worst flu in recorded history killed an estimated 50 million people worldwide. The U.S. death toll was 675,000 – five times the number of U.S. soldiers killed in World War I. Where did the 1918 flu come from? Why was it so lethal? What did we learn?

Public Domain. Department of Health and Human Services
Center for Medicare and Medicaid Services.

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