Idaho 1918-1920 Influenza Pandemic
Idaho Newspaper Clippings March 23-25, 1920
The Caldwell Tribune. March 23, 1920, Page 3
Local And Personal
Mrs. J. C. Ford left Thursday evening for Portland. She is making the trip in an effort to benefit her health and expects to be absent from Caldwell for several weeks.
Mrs. H. J. Barnes of Fair Acres underwent a critical operation at the St. Luke’s hospital, Boise, last week and is convalescing.
O. W. Worthwine of Boise, chairman of the John Regan Post of the American Legion, was in Caldwell Friday in the interest of obtaining a special car for American Legion delegates to the Twin Falls convention.
source: The Caldwell Tribune. (Caldwell, Idaho), 23 March 1920. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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The Caldwell Tribune. March 23, 1920, Page 5
Items of Interest From Surrounding Territory
Mrs. Clark Benson stayed in Caldwell week before last and came home with the influenza. We hope this is the last case in our vicinity.
Irene Stitzel of the Gem school was home for three days last week with a bad cold.
The Deel family who has been quarantined for small pox, expected to have the quarantine raised last Sunday.
Marion Masher has been a mump patient this last week.
We have been told that work on the new school house is going to begin on Monday, March 22.
Farmers in the Gem district are very busy plowing and getting their land ready for planting spring grain. Some have started to corrigate the alfalfa.
Muriel Kline, the 12 year old daughter of Mr. and Mrs. A. W. Kline is confined to her bed with a serious case of heart trouble.
(ibid, page 5)
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The Caldwell Tribune. March 23, 1920, Page 7
Ten Davis News
Mrs. N. Nelson is some better now.
I. J. Durnil went to Caldwell Wednesday and got R. J. Hertig who has been in the hospital there for some time. Mr. Hertig is unable to be around much yet.
Margaret Conners came back Wednesday evening. She is able to walk with the aid of crutches.
Mr. Roy Moore was taken to the Hot Springs one day last week. He is to be treated for rheumatism.
(ibid, page 7)
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The Caldwell Tribune. March 23, 1920, Page 10
Local And Personal
Nicholas Hentz, recently of Shoshone is improving slowly from an illness of influenza with complications.
G. O. Rulter’s daughter, who has been confined with measles, is recovering.
O. W. Collins is ill with bronchitis and asthma.
Charles Praul is convalescing from an attack of pneumonia.
R. A. Daniels who has been suffering from a large abscess is convalescing.
Mrs. Clyde Dilie is now able to return to her home.
A. Mr. Snodgrass Sr., who resides west of town, accidentally fell from a wagon Tuesday and sustained a fractured rib and other serious injuries.
A party of Nampa young people whose names could not be ascertained, drove an automobile off a canal bridge near the home of John Bardsley Sunday evening. The machine overturned and several persons were injured. The car bore an Oregon license. No one was so seriously injured that it was impossible for them to return to Nampa. It was the second accident of the kind that has occurred at that bridge which is on the Middleton road on Elgin street. Reports that someone had been killed in the accident are not borne out by facts.
Teachers of Canyon county schools will meet next Saturday at the Kenwood school in Nampa, according to an announcement made Saturday by Miss Margaret Knowlton, county school superintendent. The meeting will be devoted to the regular practice of demonstrating reading, penmanship and arithmetic. In addition, the uniform salary scale, as recently reported by a special investigating committee will be presented. A feature of the new scale is the fact that it provides uniform salaries on the basis of training and experience.
(ibid, page 10)
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Bonners Ferry Herald. March 23, 1920, Page 1
[Boundary County School Trustees Association Meeting]
… The address of the evening was given by Dr. S. T. Faucett on the topic, “Rural Health Versus City Health.” From surveys that have been made and from his own experiences in army camps, Dr. Faucett was able to show that the average city child has fewer physical defects and better general health than the average rural child. This is due to the regular physical inspection of school children in the city schools. Defects or infections are discovered in the early stages. Free clinics are maintained. Every child whether rich or poor has the benefit of the best service that medical science can afford. Moreover matters of sanitation, disposal of garbage, and a pure water supply are under the control of the health authorities in the cities.
Arbor Day and Bird Day
Mrs. Caroline W. Flood has named April 23 as the date to be observed by the schools of the county as Arbor Day and Bird Day. She recommends that the entire week be observed as clean-up week, culminating on Friday in the planting of trees and shrubs and appropriate exercises.
Mrs. Erie L. Henige Dies Suddenly
Mrs. Erie L. Henige died suddenly at her home on the Northside Sunday morning at four o’clock, of goitre. The funeral and burial will take place in Spokane, the body having been shipped to Spokane yesterday.
The deceased was born November 4, 1877 in Michigan. She is survived by her husband, Henry Hanige and her father, a resident of Lenore, Idaho.
She came to this city about six months ago and was recently married to Mr. Henige.
During her short residence in this district the deceased made many sincere friends. These all mourn her sudden death and join in extending sympathy to the bereaved husband.
[Note: In the 1920s wearing bottles of iodine around the neck was believed to prevent goitre.
source: Bonners Ferry Herald. (Bonners Ferry, Idaho), 23 March 1920. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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Bonners Ferry Herald. March 23, 1920, Page 4
Round Prairie News
Rodney and George Danquist have been sick with the influenza for the past week.
George Travers is still sick and unable to attend school.
The dance at the Settler’s Hall on Saturday evening was not so well attended as the one given two weeks ago, on account of the bad roads. The same music was furnished and was enjoyed by all present.
The little son of Mr. and Mrs. Robert Bruce underwent an operation for appendicitis on Saturday at the Bonners Ferry hospital.
School Board Meets
The board of trustees of Independent School District No. 4, met last evening the entire session being devoted to hiring of teachers for the coming term.
The board has decided upon a raise in salaries for the teachers which will amount to about one-third.
Owing to resignations there will be at least six vacancies in the corps of teachers for the coming term.
Cow Creek News Notes
The Cow Creek school gave a party Saturday night. While playing games Forest Bush had the misfortune to turn his ankle.
James Gibson broke through the ice into about three feet of water last Monday, near the Clyde Hinkle place.
Copeland News Notes
Matt Ripatti was kicked by a horse last Sunday and suffered serious injuries.
(ibid, page 4)
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Bonners Ferry Herald. March 23, 1920, Page 5
Mrs. L. B. Duvall arrived here today and will remain in Bonners Ferry for a time. She has been visiting in Spokane for several months at the home of her daughter. Ward Duvall is at Boise and is now recovering from a severe attack of influenza.
Mrs. J. T. Lawless returned Thursday from Spokane where she had been called last week by the illness of her daughter, Mrs. Rediger, who returned here with her mother and who plans to remain until she is in better health.
Word was received at Sandpoint last week that one of the state sanitariums for tuberculosis patients would be located at Sunnyside on Lake Pend d’Oreille. This site was chosen as the best one of all proposed North Idaho locations. Work on the proposed sanitarium will be started at once.
Saturday Miss Winifred Plato, teacher of the Naples school, purchased a five passenger Dodge auto of the Parks Highway Garage.
The county commissioners have issued an order against the dumping of any and all garbage alongside the county roads. This practice creates an unsightly and unsanitary condition and the commissioners will be compelled to prosecute people who continue it.
(ibid, page 5)
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Bonners Ferry Herald. March 23, 1920, Page 8
Robert Hamren Passes Away
Robert, the four year old son of Mr. and Mrs. John Hamren, died last Thursday of inflammation of the bowels, following an attack of pneumonia. The funeral was held Saturday at the Methodist church and the services were conducted by Rev. E. R. Henderson.
Little Robert was sick only a little over a week. He was the youngest son of Mr. and Mrs. Hamren who, in their sad bereavement, have the deepest sympathy of all their friends and acquaintances.
(ibid, page 8)
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St. Joseph’s Hospital, circa 1918
courtesy: Historic Lewiston, Idaho (Keith Gunther)
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The Grangeville Globe. March 25, 1920, Page 1
Cecil Johnson Dead
Son of Mr. and Mrs. James Johnson of Red Rock, Passed Away
Cecil Johnson, aged 16 years, 11 months and 4 days, passed away at the home of his parents, Mr. and Mrs. James Johnson, in the Red Rock section, last Thursday, March 18, after an illness extending over the past year. Something like a year ago Cecil contracted scarlet fever and soon afterwards too the influenza, which left him very poorly. With the hope of regaining his health the family went away for some months, but the boy continued to fail in health until the end came.
Besides the father and mother, five brothers, Edgar I., Raymond D., Orvil J., Lester I., Irvin J., and one sister, Rena Levena, aged two years, survive him, besides many friends and neighbors whose sympathies go out to the family in their hour of sorrow.
Funeral services were held at the Mr. Zion Church on Sunday, March 21. W. N. Knox of Grangeville, officiating minister, and A. J. Maugg, funeral director.
Expression of Thanks
We wish to thank our friends and neighbors for the many kindnesses and words of sympathy shown us during the illness and death of our dear son and brother; also his school mates for the beautiful floral offering. Mr. and Mrs. James I. Johnson and Family
Miss Hellen Green Married
Daughter of Local Dentist United in Wedlock on 16th, in Michigan
Word was received here this week by Dr. G. A. Green announcing the marriage of his daughter, Miss Helen, to J. R. Farley, near Detroit, Michigan, on Tuesday, the 16th of March.
The bride accompanied her mother to the east last June for the benefit of the latter’s health, who after undergoing an operation was stricken with the influenza from which she is now slowly convalescing, and possibly several months will pass before she is able to return to her home in this city. The young folks did not intend to have the ceremony performed until this fall after the return of Mrs. Green, but on account of the serious condition of her health and a desire of the daughter to be with her mother during her illness, the time was set for a much earlier date.
Mrs. Farley will be remembered by a large number of the residents of this place where she attended school for a number of years and grew to young womanhood. A few years ago the doctor set up a home in Lewiston which was maintained until after Miss Helen graduated from the normal school at that place. She is a young lady of many womanly accomplishments.
Mr. Farley is a college man, owner of a large dairy farm near Detroit, Michigan, where he and his bride will make their home. Mrs. Green remaining with them until she is able to return to Idaho.
The friends of the bride in this section extend best wishes for a happy wedded life.
Ed. A. Long Died At Boise
Young Mining Man Succumbed to Pneumonia Last Thursday
Ed. A. Long aged 20 years, son of James A. Long, and a nephew of County Commissioner John D. Long, became a victim of pneumonia at Boise last Thursday. His remains were shipped to this city and reached here on Tuesday evening, being accompanied by Harry M. Cone, a friend of the family of many years standing. Funeral services conducted by Rev. Father Phelan, were held at the Catholic church this forenoon were attended by a large number of friends. Interment was made at Fairview cemetery, and Undertaker A. J. Maugg directed the funeral.
Deceased had grown to manhood in this county where he was admired for his manly traits. He followed mining and stock raising, operating principally in the Warren section where his father, James A. Long, is also interested. Just a short time ago in company with J. C. Daubenspeck of Riggins, he went to Boise to file on some land. After completing their business he stated to Mr. Daubenspeck that as he did not feel well he would not return to his home for a few days. The latter returned alone and carried the news to the father. Shortly afterward Mr. Long was informed that Ed has been taken to a hospital and was a very sick man. This statement was quickly followed by announcement of his death.
In addition to the bereaved father and other relatives in this section, he is survived by one sister who resides at San Francisco.
source: The Grangeville Globe. (Grangeville, Idaho), 25 March 1920. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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The Grangeville Globe. March 25, 1920, Page 4
Card Of Thanks
We desire to convey our sincerest thanks to the friends at Riggins and Grangeville for the many expressions of sympathy in the loss of our son and brother, and for the beautiful floral remembrances.
James A. Long and Family
Mr. Berry, better known as “Dad” Berry, is reported quite ill.
Fred Painter left last week to join the navy.
Miss Smith’s school closed Friday and two of her pupils, Hazel Layton and Elma Twogood entered the Whitebird school Monday.
J. L. Kirkham has purchased a new Ford car.
Frank Killean Improving
Mrs. Frank Killean who accompanied her husband to the Gritman hospital at Moscow during the latter part of January, returned home early this week. Mrs. Killean stated that while her husband was far from well, it was believed he was making improvement. His leg which has been bothering him for a number of years, was not removed, but the diseased bone in that member was taken away.
(ibid, page 4)
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The Grangeville Globe. March 25, 1920, Page 8
William Soltman returned last Thursday night from Spokane to which place he recently took his young son for an operation. The little man is getting along as well as could be expected, but was no in condition to accompany his father home.
County Superintendent Sweet is visiting schools in the Salmon river district this week.
(ibid, page 8)
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Idaho County Free Press. March 25, 1920, Page 1
Funeral Services For Cecil Rhodes Johnson
Funeral services for Cecil Rhodes Johnson, 16-year-old son of Mr. and Mrs. James Johnson, were held Sunday from Mount Zion church, at Winona. W. N. Knox, minister, of Grangeville officiated. Burial, in charge of A. J. Maugg, was in the adjoining church yard.
The boy was born on April 14, 1903, at Red Rock, and had resided in Idaho county practically all his life. About a year ago he contracted scarlet fever, and later influenza. With hope that the boy would regain his health, the family took him away for some months, but he continued to fail in health, and finally succumbed.
Besides his father and mother, five brothers, Edgar L., Raymond D., Orvil J., Lester L., Irwin J., and one sister, Rena Levena, aged 2 years, survive him.
William Parisot Is Victim Of Pneumonia
William Parisot, age 55 years, old-time mining man of Idaho county, died on Wednesday of last week at the Bullion mine, five miles south of Florence. Death was due to pneumonia, from which Mr. Parisot had suffered for several weeks. Dr. W. A. Foskett, of Whitebird, who was summoned to attend him, arrived only two hours before Mr. Parisot died.
Realizing he could not long survive, Mr. Parisot, a week before he died, closed his business affairs and gave directions for his burial. His body was buried Friday near the government monument, at Florence.
Mr. Parisot was well known in Idaho county, especially among the mining men. He owned a large interest in the Bullion mine, which he was developing just prior to his fatal illness. He is survived by a son, Ray Parisot.
Mr. Parisot was a printer and at one time was employed in Grangeville.
source: Idaho County Free Press. (Grangeville, Idaho), 25 March 1920. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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Idaho County Free Press. March 25, 1920, Page 2
She States It Mildly
While suffering with a severe attack of the grip and threatened with pneumonia, Mrs. Annie H. Cooley, of Middlefield, Conn., began using Chamberlain’s Cough Remedy and was very much benefited by its use. The pains in the chest soon disappeared, the cough became loose, expectoration easy and in a short time she was as well as ever. Mrs. Cooley says she cannot speak too highly in praise of this remedy.
(ibid, page 2)
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Idaho County Free Press. March 25, 1920, Page 4
Why Colds Are Dangerous
It is the serious diseases that colds lead to that makes them dangerous. They prepare the system for the reception and development of the germs of influenza, pneumonia, tuberculosis, diphtheria, scarlet fever, whooping cough and measles. You are much more likely to contract these diseases when you have a cold. For that reason you should get rid of every cold as quickly as possible. Chamberlain’s Cough Remedy will help you. It is widely known as a cure for bad colds.
(ibid, page 4)
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Idaho County Free Press. March 25, 1920, Page 7
The influenza epidemic is again visiting this section of the country. Several families are suffering from it, including the Fick, McCulley, and Ray Shinn families.
Miss Marguerite McAllister, having completed a successful term of the school at the Jack Pine district, left Saturday for her home at Pasco, Wn.
Elma Twogood left Saturday for Whitebird where she will attend school.
Two new pupils have enrolled in the school for the remainder of the term. They are Edith Elanor Shinn and John McCoy.
The Rev. W. J. Gamble rode from Whitebird Sunday morning to hold his regular services here. His next services here will be on Easter Sunday, April 4.
(ibid, page 7)
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Idaho County Free Press. March 25, 1920, Page 8
Local News In Brief
Judge Scales Better — Judge Wallace N. Scales, who for several days was seriously ill with influenza, is now on the way to recovery.
W. G. Milliorn has left for Junction City, Ore., where he was called owing to serious illness of his father.
Sam McMeeken was in the city this week from Florence. Mr. McMeeken reported heavy snowfall at Florence recently.
Edward Long Dies In Boise; Pneumonia
Less than a month before he was to have been married, Edward Long, 28, well known young rancher residing on the Big Salmon, died on Friday of last week in a hospital in Boise. Death was due to pneumonia. He had gone to Boise on business.
Mr. Long, who as a son of James Long, of Warren, and a nephew of County Commissioner John D. Long, of Grangeville was born in San Francisco, but had spent practically his entire life in Idaho county. For many years he resided with the late Theodore Swartz, on Whitebird hill. …
Mr. Long’s fiancee, Miss Wann, a school teacher in Rice creek, was present at the services. Their marriage had been set for April 15.
(ibid, page 8)
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The Nezperce Herald., March 25, 1920, Page 1
News Stories Briefly Told
Items of Interest Gleaned From The Daily Life of Home Folks In Town and County
N. H. Jacobs went to Lewiston last Friday to recuperate from a recent attack of influenza.
Dr. Dunlap was over from Ilo on a professional visit yesterday.
Mrs. J. D. McCown received a message Monday bringing the sad news of the death of a sister, at the old home in Kentucky.
Mr. and Mrs. W. K. Beenders arrived in this city Tuesday night from Crete, Neb., having been summoned here on account of the fatal illness of their son Evert.
Miss Esther Smith, who has been serving as nurse in the Lewiston district under the direction of the Red Cross, returned to her home here Saturday and is preparing to go to Spokane early in April to finish her course as a trained nurse.
Death Claims Evert B. Beenders
It is with a feeling of deep regret and sadness that we undertake the recording here of the death of Evert Benard Beenders, which occurred just before one o’clock on Sunday morning, Mar. 21, at the home of his mother-in-law, Mrs. C. S. Cook, in this city. The end came as a result of pneumonia, following influenza, with which he was stricken eleven days prior to his death.
Loving hearts and willing hands and the best medical skill procurable did everything to save the patient from the dreadful malady which each day of its relentless siege gained a firmer hold upon its victim.
The funeral was conducted at 2:00 o’clock yesterday afternoon from the Christian church, Rev. Geo. H. Ellis and Elder B. J. Fike having charge of the service. The church was filled with the neighbors and friends of this fine young man, who assembled there as a final tribute to him whom all respected and esteemed. The remains were laid to rest in the local cemetery.
The deceased was born at Crete, Nebraska, on December 23, 1886. He came to this community 12 years ago last fall, and the following year was followed hither by his parents and the rest of the family, where they purchased large farming interests and have since been classed among our most extensive and successful farmers, the deceased and his three brothers taking full charge of the business last fall, when their parents and youngest sister returned to Nebraska to reside. On June 28, 1914, the subject of this sketch and Miss Bessie Cook, one of the community’s most charming daughters, were united in marriage. Besides his wife and parents, he is survived by three brothers and four sisters: John, Frank and William Beenders of this vicinity; Mrs. Ed. Oetkin, of Kamiah; Mrs. Ella Steinheider, of Dorchester, Neb.; Mrs. Omar Marshall, of this vicinity; and Miss Louise Beenders, of Crete, Neb.
The visitation of the Grim Reaper always brings sadness and sorrow, but, as in this case, the load is doubly felt when the call is made while life is at its fullest, when the foundation has been well laid for success and a vista rich in promise stretches into an apparent far future. In their burden of this, their first great sorrow, the family of Evert Beenders have the heartfelt sympathy of all who knew him.
All who are interested in the Nezperce cemetery will please meet at the cemetery next Tuesday, March 30, for the purpose of cleaning up and repairing the same. Bring a shovel and rake with you. If a sufficient number come the work can be done before noon.
In case it is rainy or stormy that day this work will be done on the following Tuesday.
Public School News
There will be no school Friday because of the teachers convention, which will be held at Ilo that day.
Last Thursday evening between the setting of the sun and the early dawn the Juniors mustered up the courage to hang upon the flag pole at half mast their colors and when the seniors arrived next morning they were asked what they (the Juniors) were going to do about it. This proved to be too much of an insult to the Senior as a mass meeting was hurriedly called in the street and ways and means were discussed as to how the pennant was to be removed. At the first onslaught of the seniors they were badly defeated. Then they retreated and enlisted the services of the Sophomores and the Freshmen rallied to the ranks of the Juniors. Finally after a general mixup the seniors and sophomores succeeded by superior strategy and harder fighting in scaling the pole and removing the pennant. After all was over everybody shook hands and outside of a few bloody noses the seniors and sophomores retreated the victors of the day.
Central Ridge News
Sunday school was held at the Central Ridge school house Sunday morning at ten o’clock. This is the first time we have had Sunday school since the flu.
Mrs. Thostenson’s children are able to attend school after an attack of measles.
Eugene Goffinett has been in Peck for several days with his children, who have just gotten over the flu.
Herman Tetzlaff has been on the sick list.
At the joint meeting of the Legion boys and the War Mothers at the Legion hall last night considerable important business was gotten under way and a brief entertainment program was enjoyed, the striking feature of which was a dandy “chow” spread by the Mothers.
A paper on “Americanization of America” was read by Mrs. C. W. Yates. This has to do with a special program to be later presented by the War Mothers.
Plans were made for a memorial program to be given jointly by the War Mothers and the Legion boys on May 30.
The matter of securing and fixing up a memorial park in the city was debated at length, with the result that the War Mothers will take full charge of the enterprise and carry it through to success as soon as possible. …
source: The Nezperce Herald. (Nezperce, Idaho), 25 March 1920. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
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The Nezperce Herald., March 25, 1920, Page 2
Miss Edith Smith, teacher of the Sunset school, returned to her duties last Tuesday week, after a vacation of seven weeks; school being closed on account of the flu.
Mohler Sunday school reopened last Sunday after being closed on account of the flu.
Harley Brannon and family, who were sick last week with the flu, are able to be out again.
Alva Senter reports good roads on Central Ridge with the exception of one mud hole in which he got stuck and broke a singletree trying to get out. He had to call on help from neighbors before he could finish distributing mail on the route.
John Smith has been tending the Mohler store, while L. E. Williams has been away.
Another Income Tax Stinger
The supreme court of the United States has decided that come from stocks is exempt from income taxation. The fortunes of our rich men are principally invested in stocks. They carry no great amount of actual cash in banks. These rich men with their billions of dollars worth of stocks will pay no income tax on the enormous revenues from these stocks. They can, if they choose, invest all of their wealth in stocks thereby deriving their entire incomes from them, and escape the payment of any income tax at all.
It costs in the neighborhood of one billion dollars a year to run the government, and much of that amount must be raised by taxation. If the rich man is not to pay his just proportion of the income tax, WHO MUST PAY IT FOR HIM?
We have no editorial comment to make on the ruling of the supreme court. That tribunal is presumed to be the fountain head of justice, and the law is undoubtedly as they have interpreted it. But the fact that the rich man is to pay no income tax on his enormous holdings of stocks causes one to wonder if the poor man is to be required to “dig deeper and cough harder.” He has coughed much as it is.
(ibid, page 2)
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The Nezperce Herald., March 25, 1920, Page 4
The dance at Westlake Saturday night was not well attended, due to the prevalence of flu.
Miss Hazel Greene and Wm. Cooper, who were quite ill last week, are now improving nicely.
Mrs. Jos. Scherer is suffering from an attack of asthma. Toney Scherer is under a physician’s care with a chronic case of heart trouble.
A. D. Lantz lost two cows and three calves recently. Dave fails to find the cause, and knowing no other name, believes the cattle had to flu.
Now’s the time farmers are beginning the spring sport, namely swapping horses.
D. O. Lantz hauled three-quarters of a ton of feed from Ilo last Saturday with six horses. The highway can’t come too soon.
The Life-Sustaining “Spud”
In popular discussion of the nutritive value of the starchy types of foods, emphasis is given to energy values. Rice and other cereals are spoken of as potato substitutes, and so may they be regarded from the viewpoint of their fuel yielding constituents.
“But the potato has the advantage over all cereals and cereal products,” says Miss Allison of the Colorado Agricultural College, “in that it supplies certain ash constituents which the body needs to correct the acidity resulting from the use of meat, eggs and cereals.
“The normal neutrality of body fluids must be maintained, for the body does its work best when its fluids and tissues are neutral or slightly alkaline. Those certain ash constituents for which the potato is valued are to be found in other vegetables and also in fruits, yet because of the craving for a very generous use of the bland type of food, as well as the sort possessing the quality which we designate as substance, as an accompaniment to meat, the potato ranks first. It is an interesting fact that a generous serving of potato supplies the necessary ash to correct the acidity resulting from an average serving of meat.” – Windsor, Col., Review
But they must be boiled with the jackets on, says a local authority, else the ash, or mineral salts, will go out in the water and be lost. Authorities claim that most people, because of eating more of acid-forming foods than of alkaline, have an acid condition of the system which causes rheumatism, as well as various other troubles that curse humanity. Eat plenty of spuds and never par-boil a vegetable, is admonition.
(ibid, page 4)
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The Nezperce Herald., March 25, 1920, Page 5
“Y” Has Money for Ex-Service Men
The Herald is in receipt of the following information from “Y” headquarters in Portland:
This is just a word from one ex-service man to others who live in the county about some money that may be yours merely for the asking. Some of you might now know that the War Work Council of the Y.M.C.A. has set aside a sum of money for this county which will be given to former service men who want to continue their education.
All you have to do, if you want to go to school, to college, take a home-study course or brush up in general, is to cut out this clipping and mail it, with your name and address, to C. A. Kells, Room 305, Y.M.C.A. Building, Portland, Oregon, and the “Y” folks will do the rest. The money allocated to this county should be applied for within the next 30 days or there is a possibility of it being used for ex-service men in other counties.
(ibid, page 5)
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The Nezperce Herald., March 25, 1920, Page 6
Immunity In The City
The fact, proved by United States army statistics, that there was 30 per cent more sickness among recruits from country than from urban districts in the camps, suggest to Drs. A. J. Love and C. B. Davenport that any one of the communicable disease leaves the body in a heightened state of resistance to all infections.
(ibid, page 6)
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The Nezperce Herald., March 25, 1920, Page 7
Local and Personal News Notes
Miss Myrtle Jolly, of Clarkston, was among those from the outside who attended the funeral of Evert Beenders in this city yesterday. Miss Jolly is a guest while here at the home of her sister, Mrs. Wilfred Waters.
Mrs. Mike Fuchs went to Lewiston Monday for treatment in the White hospital. She was accompanied by Dr. J. F. Gist.
Three-inch snow last night.
That spring began Sunday March 21 – according to the calendar.
(ibid, page 7)
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The Nezperce Herald., March 25, 1920, Page 8
Remedy for Influenza-Pneumonia
With the hope that good may come from the information here given, The Herald publishes the following letter and article, which are self-explanatory:
Connley, Ore., Mar. 19-20
Dear Editor Herald:
Inclosed [sic] please find an article describing a remedy for pneumonia that follows the flu. I see by the paper old Nezperce still has a few cases of influenza, and this may prove a benefit to some one.
Give my best regards to your readers. We always look forward to the coming of the paper each week.
Yours respectfully, Mrs. J. V. Taylor
Saturate a one-inch ball of cotton with spirits of alcohol and three drops of chloroform, to each ball. Place it between the patient’s teeth, and let him inhale the fumes in deep, long breaths for fifteen minutes. Then rest for fifteen minutes, or longer if needed. Then inhale again for fifteen minutes and repeat the operation as directed for twenty-four times, and the result will be that the lungs will expand to their normal condition and in 24 hours the patient is out of danger, and in 48 hours is cured, although weak.
Change the cotton often.
The author of this remedy, Marius A. Redding, of 921 McAlister Street, San Francisco, has this to say of it:
During my stay in Pasadena last winter I read in the Los Angeles papers of deaths from this sneaking, dreaded disease called pneumonia – from two to five every 24 hours. At last on the 8th of February, 1918, I went to Los Angeles and got the prescription inserted in four of the daily papers. The public read it, and what a change! From a high death rate during the winter and before in that city, it stopped suddenly. The papers recorded only one death a day of pneumonia and most all the victims were infants less than one year old.
What as the cause of the sudden change? It was this simple remedy, discovered 14 years ago. It is so simple, and can be had at any drug store for about 50 cents.
What prompted me to give this to the world? A friend of mine, Professor P. Loomis of Cornell University, died of pneumonia, and all his and his associates knowledge could not save him, but this, if he had known of it, might have; hence I spread it broadcast. I am ready to defend this remedy as an absolute cure for pneumonia, even in the last stages.
I have sent this prescription to Standford University, the Northwestern College of Medicine, Chicago, Cornell University, New York, and to numerous other places, even across to England.
[Note: Henry Patterson Loomis April 29, 1859 – December 22, 1907
In 1886, Colonel Payne established a research laboratory building across the street from Bellevue Hospital in honor of his physician, Alfred L. Loomis. His son, Henry P. Loomis was appointed Professor of Materia Medica, Therapeutics and Clinical Medicine when Cornell University Medical College was formed in 1898. At first, the medical college used the facility for student laboratories. Later, Loomis Laboratory evolved into the research facility for the medical college. The laboratory was moved to New York Hospital-Cornell Medical Center in 1932, becoming part of the Department of Pathology.
more info: Weill Cornell Medical College]
(ibid, page 8)
Bloodletting and gas fumes: Quack treatments of the 1918 flu
By Kristen Rogers, October 17, 2020
In September 1918 during the influenza pandemic, these men gargled salt water after a day working at Camp Dix in New Jersey. This was a preventative measure against the 1918 flu, which had spread to army camps.
If the idea of drinking hand sanitizer, absorbing ultraviolet light and gargling salt water to prevent or treat Covid-19 sounds bizarre to you, know that this isn’t the first time humans have put themselves in dangerous situations to quell their fears.
In the face of threat by a new infectious disease, people become desperate, said Dr. Jeremy Brown, an emergency care physician and author of “Influenza: The Hundred-Year Hunt to Cure the Deadliest Disease in History.”
That desperation and a similar threat were what made people living during the 1918 flu pandemic — which killed 50 million to 100 million people worldwide — flock to dangerous quack treatments like moths to flames. That included doctors.
Although conventional doctors had just recently gained more respect than alternative practitioners by the early 20th century, mainstream doctors still “had almost nothing to offer” for the flu said Laura Spinney, a science journalist and author of “Pale Rider: The Spanish Flu of 1918 and How It Changed the World.”
Since they thought the 1918 flu was a bacterial disease instead of a virus, their knowledge and treatment efforts fell short, she said.
“Through the course of the pandemic, you see people gradually turning away from conventional medicine as they realize it can’t help and turning to the alternatives, folk medicines, quack cures and so on,” Spinney said. “Which, of course, until very recently (in the early 20th century), had been equally respectable and equally accessible.”
Doctors also “really had no concept of when a medicine becomes a poison — how medicines interact with human tissues and what the right dosing is,” Spinney added. Those questions are what “we ask in our clinical trials these days that cost so much, take so long and try to measure safety and efficacy.”
“One of the interesting things you see in 1918 is that trust broken down because people saw that their doctors were hopeless. And so they, seeking to control the symptoms, turned to alternative systems which they felt could offer more hope, more effective treatments at that point,” she added.
Devastation, desperation and an inexperienced, unregulated medical field constituted a petri dish for numerous unproven — and sometimes barbaric — treatments.
Aspirin out of control
Aspirin, made from the bark of willow trees, had been used to treat pain for millennia. Since aspirin was known for reducing fevers, too, the drug became the international first-line treatment for flu — sometimes administered in doses six times higher than what is now known to be safe, Brown said.
The problem was misunderstanding that aspirin has a “narrow therapeutic window, meaning if you give too little it doesn’t work (but if) you give too much, it can cause some very, very dangerous conditions.” They include “sweating, ringing in the ears, rapid breathing and then brain swelling and coma, convulsions and death,” Brown said.
Quinine, another centuries-old drug from cinchona bark, has been used mainly for treating malaria, caused by infection with the parasite Plasmodium. Like the flu, a symptom of malaria is fever.
“If you have malaria, you give somebody quinine, you attack the parasite,” Brown said. “If you don’t understand that the fever goes away because the parasite is killed by the quinine, you miss out that little step and say the fever went away because the quinine, so quinine must be good for all fevers.”
Quinine wasn’t toxic to the flu virus since the infective agent that caused flu — a virus — differed from the infective agent that induces malaria — a parasite. That modern medicine will test therapies for similar symptoms is reasonable and common, Brown said. “The problem is if you just take a drug used for one condition and you’re not testing it to see if it improves a second condition, but you’re just simply giving it on the belief that it must, should or will,” he added.
Drain their blood, rid their disease
For more than 2,500 years, medical practitioners had surgically removed blood from patients to blindly treat disease. Partly based on the Greek philosophy of four humors — black bile, phlegm, yellow bile and blood — as the basis of emotions, temperament and health, bloodletting was believed to remedy disease caused by imbalanced humors.
In the 19th century, doctors used bloodletting to treat fevers, headaches and difficulty breathing. In 1918, “having observed that some patients seemed to take a turn for the better following a gushing nosebleed, menstruation, even — traumatically — miscarriage,” Spinney wrote in her book, “some revived the ancient practice of bloodletting.”
Gas fumes for symptoms
Some British parents took their sick children to the local gasworks to sit and inhale fumes to reduce their flu symptoms.
A sanitary worker who went to investigate this claim “saw that there was indeed a relationship that while a lot of people were dying of influenza in the local area, at these gasworks where people were working, their influenza rate was much, much lower than the general population,” Brown said. “This led people to this observation that inhaling the chlorine gas would be good for you.”
Though chlorine is an effective disinfectant that, in high doses, can kill bacteria and viruses, it is also poisonous.
Laxatives, enemas and castor oil
“Evacuating the bad stuff out of the patient” was the mindset of doctors who treated their patients’ fevers with castor oil, enemas and laxatives made from magnesia or mercury chloride, Brown said.
“There was this belief that an enema would be good for you regardless, really, of what your specific disease was,” he added. “We have medical textbooks that were published as late as 1913 (or) 1914, in which laxatives were recommended as a treatment for the fevers that accompanied influenza.”
Link to Idaho 1918 Influenza Pandemic (Part 1)
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