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Idaho History Apr 5, 2020

Idaho Earthquake History

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Historical Earthquakes in Idaho

1. Nov 10, 1884. Paris, Franklin County, Idaho
The earthquake damaged houses considerably in Paris, about 100 km southeast of Pocatello, near the Idaho-Utah-Wyoming border. It knocked down chimneys and shook stock from shelves in Richmond, Utah, about 125 km north of Salt Lake City. In an area north of Ogden, Utah, the tremor shook a Utah and Great Northern Railroad train. Also reportedly felt at Salt Lake City, Utah, and Franklin, Idaho.

2. Nov 11, 1905. Near Shoshone, Lincoln County, Idaho
Cracks formed in the walls of the courthouse and schools in Shoshone, and plaster fell from ceilings in almost all the buildings. Felt from Salt Lake City, Utah to Baker, Oregon.

3. Oct 14, 1913. North-central Idaho
A tremor broke windows and dishes in the area of Idaho and Adams counties.

4. May 13, 1916. Boise, Idaho
The earthquake wrecked several brick chimneys at Boise and sent residents rushing into the street. The shock was described as “violent” at Emmett, 40 km north of Boise, and at Weiser, 96 km west of Boise. Reclamation ditches in the area were damaged. Pressure in a new gas well increased noticeably immediately after the shock. Also felt in western Montana and eastern Oregon.

5. Nov 25, 1924. Near Wardboro, Franklin County, Idaho
A slight earthquake in Franklin County on this date broke windows at Wardboro, cracked ceilings at Montpelier, and displaced furniture at Geneva and Montpelier.

6. Near Sheep Mountain, southwest Idaho [1944?]
This earthquake apparently was most severe in the area of Fontez Creek, near Sheep Mountain, Idaho, where buildings were shaken so severely that occupants thought the structures were falling apart. A new cabin set on concrete piers was displaced on its foundation. Along Seafoam Creek, rocks and boulders were thrown down the hillside.
Cracks about 30.5 m long formed in the ground in the Duffield Canyon trail along Fontez Creek. Cracks 2.5 to 7.5 cm wide extended for several meters in a continuous break near Seafoam. A section of the Rapid River Canyon wall (near Lime Creek) fell into the river. Also felt in Montana, Oregon, and Washington. Seventeen shocks were reported felt, the first of which was the strongest.

7. Feb 14, 1945. Idaho City, Boise County, Idaho
This tremor broke dishes at Idaho City and cracked plaster at Weiser, northwest of Boise in Washington County. Also felt in Montana, Oregon, and Washington.

8. Sept 25, 1947. Boise, Ada County, Idaho
Several large cracks formed in a well-constructed brick building at Boise, but damage generally was slight.

9. Dec 19, 1957. Northern Idaho
Timbers fell and mine walls collapsed at the Galena Silver mine near Wallace, Shoshone County.

10. Aug 7, 1960. Near Soda Springs, Caribou County, Idaho
Southeast of Pocatello and about 14 km east of Soda Springs, cracks formed in plaster and a concrete foundation at a ranch.

11. Jan 27, 1963. Clayton, Custer County, Idaho
Plaster and windows cracked at Clayton, northeast of Boise. Large boulders rolled down a hill at Livingston Camp, about 22 km south of Clayton. Several aftershocks were felt in the area.

12. Sep 11, 1963. Central Idaho
Plaster fell in buildings at Redfish Lake, south of Stanley in Custer County; a window pane was broken at a fire station in Challis National Forest.

13. April 26, 1969. Ketchum, Blaine County, Idaho
Cracks formed in concrete floors of structures in Warm Springs and Ketchum. Plaster was cracked at Livingston Mill, 20 km south of Clayton.

14. Mar 28, 1975. Eastern Idaho
In the Ridgedale area of the sparsely populated Pocatello Valley, this earthquake shifted several ranch houses on their foundations and toppled many chimneys. At Malad City, 20 km northeast of the epicenter, about 40 percent of the chimneys on old buildings were damaged. Total property damage was estimated at $1 million.
Geologists observed one zone of ground fractures – about 0.6 km long and 5 cm wide – in the south-central section of the valley.

15. Nov 27, 1977. Cascade, Valley County, Idaho
Property damage was reported only at Cascade, a few kilometers east of the epicenter, near Cascade Dam. The tremor cracked foundations and sheetrock walls, separated ceiling beams, and left muddy water in wells and springs. Also felt in Oregon.

16. Oct 24, 1978. Southeast Idaho
Cracks formed in plaster and a concrete foundation at Thatcher in Franklin County. This earthquake was felt in Bannock and Franklin Counties of southeast Idaho, and at Plymouth, Utah, south of Pocatello, Idaho.

17. Oct 14, 1982. Near Soda Springs, Caribou County, Idaho
In the Soda Springs area, about 45 km southeast of Pocatello, bricks fell from chimneys and cracks formed in the foundation of a house and interior drywalls. Also felt in Utah and Wyoming.

18. Oct 28, 1983. Borah Peak, Custer County, Idaho
The Borah Peak earthquake is the largest ever recorded in Idaho – both in terms of magnitude and in amount of property damage. It caused two deaths in Challis, about 200 km northeast of Boise, and an estimated $12.5 million in damage in the Challis-Mackay area. A maximum MM intensity IX was assigned to this earthquake on the basis of surface faulting. Vibrational damage to structures was assigned intensities in the VI to VII range.

Spectacular surface faulting was associated with this earthquake – a 34 km long northwest trending zone of fresh scarps and ground breakage on the southwest slope of the Lost River Range. The most extensive breakage occurred along the 8 km zone between West Spring and Cedar Creek. Here, the ground surface was shattered into randomly tilted blocks several meters in width. The ground breakage was as wide as 100 km and commonly had four to eight en echelon scarps as high as 1-2 m. The throw on the faulting ranged from <50 cm on the southern-most section to 2.7 m south of rock creek at the western base of Borah peak.

Other geologic effects included rockfalls and landslides on the steep slopes of the Lost River Range, water fountains and sand boils near the geologic features of Chilly Buttes and the Mackay Reservoir, an increase or decrease in flow of water in springs, and fluctuations in water levels. A temporary lake was formed by the rising water table south of Dickey.

The most severe property damage occurred in the towns of Challis and Mackay, where 11 commercial buildings and 39 private houses sustained major damage and 200 houses sustained minor to moderate damage.

At Mackay, about 80 km southeast of Challis, most of the commercial structures on Main Street were damaged to some extent; building inspectors condemned eight of them. Damaged buildings were mainly of masonry construction, including brick, concrete block, or stone. Visible damage consisted of severe cracking or partial collapse of exterior walls, cracking of interior walls, and separation of ceilings and walls at connecting corners. About 90 percent of the residential chimneys were cracked, twisted, or collapsed.

At Challis, less damage to buildings and chimneys was sustained, but two structures were damaged extensively: the Challis High School and a vacant concrete-block building (100 years old) on Main Street. Many aftershocks occurred through 1983. Also felt in parts of Montana, Nevada, Oregon, Utah, Washington, Wyoming, and in the Provinces of Alberta, British Columbia, and Saskatchewan, Canada.

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source: Idaho Geology [h/t ID AHGP]
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Valley County Fault Map

(link to larger size at source)

source: Digital Atlas of Idaho
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Idaho Earthquake History USGS

The first earthquake causing damage in Idaho’s earthquake history occurred on November 9, 1884, apparently centering in northern Utah. Six shocks were reported felt at Paris, Idaho, causing considerable damage to houses. People suffered from nausea.

A shock on November 11, 1905, was felt in the southern half of Idaho and parts of Utah and Oregon. At Shoshone, Idaho, walls cracked and plaster fell.

On May 12, 1916, Boise was hit by a shock which wrecked chimneys and caused people to rush into the streets. Reclamation ditches were damaged and the flow of natural gas altered. It was felt at Loon Creek, 120 miles northeast, and in eastern Oregon – an area of 50,000 square miles.

An intensity VII earthquake occurred within the State on July 12, 1944. The Seafoam Ranger Station building shook so hard the occupants thought it was coming apart. Several people reported that the shaking was so violent they were unable to walk. Another observer reported that rocks rose at least a foot in the air and looked like a series of explosions up the hill. Part of the canyon wall collapsed near Lime Creek. Cracks opened 100 yards long in Duffield Canyon and cracks one to three inches across and several hundred yards long opened on the road below Seafoam. Two chimneys fell at Cascade. This shock was felt over 70,000 square miles, including all of central Idaho, and parts of Washington, Oregon, and Montana.

The magnitude 7.1 earthquake at Hebgen Lake, Montana, on August 17, 1959, which killed 28 people, formed “Quake Lake,” and did $11 million damage to roads and timber, also caused some damage in Idaho. Intensity VII was experienced in the Henry’s Lake, Big Springs, and Island Park areas. Big Springs increased its flow 15 percent and became rusty red colored. A man was knocked down at Edward’s Lodge. There was considerable damage to building in the Henry’s Lake area. Trees swayed violently, breaking some roots, and cars jumped up and down. Chimneys fell and a 7-foot-thick rock-and-concrete dock cracked.

In the Island Park area chimneys were toppled and wells remained muddy for weeks. At Mack’s Inn, a small girl was thrown from bed and hysteria occurred among some guests. Dishes were broken.

An intensity VII earthquake occurred on August 30, 1962, in the Cache Valley area of Utah. Two large areas of land totaling four acres, five feet thick, slid 300 yards downhill at Fairview, Idaho, opening new springs. Plaster walls, and chimneys were cracked and a chimney fell at Franklin. Falling brick at the Franklin School cracked through the roof and plaster was cracked in every room. Additional damage occurred at Preston. This magnitude 5.7 earthquake was felt over an area of 65,000 square miles in five states and cause approximately $1 million in damage.

An intensity VI shock, on November 1, 1942, centered near Sand Point and affected 25,000 square miles of Washington, Montana, and Idaho. The Northern Pacific Railroad partially suspended operations to inspect the right of way for boulders and slides. Church services were interrupted, but only minor damage was reported by homes.

A February 13, 1945, shock near Clayton, felt over a 60,000 square mile area, broke some dishes at Idaho City and cracked plaster at Weisner.

A locally sharp shock was felt at Wallace on December 18, 1957, damaging the Galena Silver Mine and frightening miners working 3,400 feet underground.

Soda Springs was shaken by a shock on August 7, 1960, which cracked plaster and a concrete foundation. It was only felt over a 900 square mile area.

Two intensity VI shocks were reported in 1963. The first on January 27, was felt over 6,000 square miles and centered near Clayton, where plaster and windows were cracked. Large boulders rolled down the hill near Camp Livingston and aftershocks were felt for a week. The second occurred on September 10 and was a magnitude 4.1 shock. It caused minor damage at Redfish Lake. Thunderous earth noises were heard.

A magnitude 4.9 shock on April 26, 1969, cracked a foundation at Ketchum, plaster at Livingston Mills, and a cement floor at Warm Springs. It was felt over 9,000 square miles.

Abridged from Earthquake Information Bulletin, Volume 4, Number 2, March – April 1972.

source: USGS
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1872 Earthquake

Major Earthquake Rocks Idaho Panhandle and the Pacific Northwest

by Evan Filby

Late on the evening of Saturday, December 14, 1872, residents in North Idaho felt a major earthquake that swayed buildings, caused shelved objects to rattle around, and agitated animals. In its report of the incident, the Lewiston Signal said, “The violence of the first shock created considerable alarm among those who had never experienced such a thing before.”

The initial strong shock stopped clocks, and rattled crockery and glassware all around the region. Many Lewiston residents heeded the normal advice and ran out into the streets. Those who had gone to bed felt their berths rock and sway along with their home or hotel. Some thought a sudden, tremendous gust of wind had hit.

U. S. Geological Survey image, retouched to focus on 1872 event.

The Signal wrote that during the quake, “Frightened chickens flew about as though possessed of the devil. Dogs howled, cattle lowed, and all nature, animate and inanimate, was much disturbed.”

Elk City is located deep in the Idaho mountains, nearly ninety miles to the southeast of Lewiston. There, residents felt the quake “very plainly.” At that time, only scattered ranches occupied Paradise Valley, future location of Moscow. The Signal article said, “North of here, in the vicinity of Paradise valley, the shock was so severe as to make everything fairly dance.”

Most witnesses reported a short, sharp initial jolt: It lasted about eight seconds in Lewiston. However, at least one Idaho location along the Clearwater River reported that the shaking lasted around two minutes. Despite the relative severity of the quake, no one observed any soil or rock displacement, nor any serious structural damage.

Idahoans recorded at least three quick shocks and others apparently felt four. These were all within a few minutes of the first event. No one in Idaho reported any delayed aftershocks. However, several locations between the Idaho border and the Cascades – many in Washington and a couple in Oregon – recorded intermittent aftershocks into the early morning hours.

Contemporary accounts indicate that people felt the quake all over the Pacific Northwest, including parts of Montana and Canada. In Wallula, Washington, 20-25 miles west of Walla Walla, witnesses reported a heavy shaking that lasted almost a minute, followed by five lighter shocks accompanied by rumbles like “a heavy peal of thunder.” In Portland, people noticed swaying chandeliers and some stopped clocks, but no actual damage.

Reports were not without an element of humor: The Oregonian had a statement from Walla Walla that said, “The accounts that reach us seem to indicate that the further north, the greater the severity of the earthquake. There is a report that up in the Spokane country, the earth opened and swallowed up a number of Indians and their horses. This, doubtless, is an exaggeration … ”

The quake hit much harder around Puget Sound and Vancouver Island. There, many buildings “swayed to and fro like small craft at sea.” As in Lewiston, residents ran into the street for fear the structures would collapse. A number of windows broke, and homes and restaurants found “crockery tumbled from the shelves.”

Back then, of course, there was no seismograph network to provide objective measurements. However, analysis of various motion and damage reports provide an estimated magnitude of 6.8 to 7.4 – a strong to major event. Other assessments placed the epicenter in the foothills of the Cascades about 100 miles east of Seattle.

References: [Illust-North]
William H. Bakun, Ralph A. Haugerud, Margaret G. Hopper, Ruth S. Ludwin, “The December 1872 Washington state earthquake,” Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, Vol. 92, No. 8, pp. 3239-3258 (2002).

source: South Fork Companion
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1915 Earthquake

Emmett Index, October 7, 1915

Buildings Shook — Clocks Stopped — Chickens Shook from Roosts — No Damage.

An earthquake shock that lasted at least a minute struck Emmett at 11:55 Saturday night and caused general consternation. Brick buildings trembled, frame buildings swayed, clocks stopped, electric lights suspended by cords swayed to and fro like pendulums of clocks, chickens were shaken from their roosts and people roused from their slumbers by the swaying of the beds, the rattling of windows and the creaking of doors and joints. In short, Mother Earth acted as if she had been on a spree and with unsteady gait was trying to make her way upstairs to bed without disturbing the old man and had made the usual bungle at it. No damage was done, except to the of the nerves of timid and of those with guilty consciences.

The direction of the quake was from west to east or visa versa. Clocks whose pendulums swung north and south stopped. Those swinging east to west gained momentum and pounded the sides of their cases. Brooms suspended in a rack in McNish’s store swung in the same direction a distance of five feet each way as did also a bundle of whips, and electric lights. Sam Motz was just reaching for the door knob of his back door upon his return from the dance, when the quake occurred, and he missed the knob a foot as the house swayed to the east, and missed it again as it swung back. He thought some one had “spiked” the city water and it had effected his head.

Arch McKellar, the Squaw creek rancher, was engaged in a social game of solo at the Brunswick. The lights swayed, the pop bottles crashed against each other, cigars got up on their hind legs and walked, the queen of spades winked at him and the jack of clubs made a pass. That was too much for Archie; he rushed for the door, leaving his hinkeys on the table.

Tom Hance was toasting himself before the fire. He had a severe cold and had been taking cough medicine, When everything began to swim before his eyes he thought he had taken too much of the stuff and it had gone to his head.

Bob Knizer, who was asleep, thought the dog had gotten under the bed and was bouncing the bed springs up and down. D. M. Stokesbery’s wife thought her husband was trying to bounce her out of bed, and Ora Bever scolded his wife for kicking so hard . The effect upon Allen Gatfield was to make him sick at his stomach, and others were affected the same way. Herb Blackman rushed down town, expecting to see every brick building in ruins. The city water tower swayed, and the iron braces scraped against each other and made an awful noise, something like a symphony orchestra playing the Dance of the Valkyries.

At the Russell hotel the guests were badly frightened and rushed panic stricken from their rooms and down stairs, clad in sundry and divers garments.

So far as the news agencies have been able to learn little damage has resulted from the earthquake, although it was general all over the western country. It was felt from Victoria B. C. to Fresno, Cal.; and as far east as the Rocky mountains. It was the heaviest in Nevada and Utah, but no casualties or material damage is reported from either state. In Utah there was a slip in the Wasatch mountains for 150 miles, and this caused a third shock which many people thought was another earthquake. In Boise the tremor was felt for nearly two minutes while at Ontario it is reported that it cracked the plaster in the Moore Hotel. Practically all southern Idaho and eastern Oregon towns felt the shock. At Baker City a panic was narrowly averted, and at Vale the shock was quite severe.

source: The Emmett Index. (Emmett, Idaho), 07 Oct. 1915. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
[h/t SMc]
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1944 Earthquake

Strong Earthquake Rocks Central Idaho

by Evan Filby

In the early afternoon of July 12, 1944, a quick double-punch of earthquakes hit south-central Idaho. Later analysis placed the epicenter about forty-two miles west, and slightly south, of Challis, Idaho. Oddly enough, the quake was apparently not noticed there – at least the Challis Messenger carried no report.

The magnitude 6-7 quake severely impacted the Seafoam Ranger Station, located about ten miles north of the estimated epicenter. Witnesses there thought the station building might collapse, and several said “they were unable to walk.” They also observed drastic rock dislocations, a slumped canyon wall, and one- to three-inch cracks running several hundred yards along the forest service road. At Cascade, 45-50 miles to the west of the epicenter, the quake toppled two chimneys.

Newspapers in southwest Idaho and over into Oregon had many reports, although none mentioned such dramatic affects. At Garden Valley, about fifty miles distant, people simply reported feeling a tremor. Yet at Idaho City, a few miles further from the epicenter, the County Clerk said the county building shook “noticeably.” McCall was about sixty miles northwest of the epicenter. There, witnesses distinctly felt the shock and a housewife said her kitchen floor “danced.” None of these locations reported any damage.

Epicenter and locations where reports originated.

At Fairfield, 70-75 miles south, witnesses reported swaying structures, swinging light fixtures, and rattling dishes. Again, there was no damage in that area. In Emmett, the tremor caught two workmen trying to handle a barrel of chilled water. Each suspected a prank as water sloshed onto one and then the other. The story claimed that the two “almost came to blows” before they figured out what was going on.

Residents in Nampa, Caldwell, Payette, and Weiser mentioned no such drama, but said they distinctly felt the tremors. Ontario, Oregon and another village about fifty miles further west also reported feeling the shocks. Observers in Helena, Montana, about 220 miles away, reported a minor tremor about the same time, but that may have been a local quake.

As might be expected, Boise produced numerous stories. Jolts strong enough to dump dishes on the floor sent some people rushing into the streets. At one fire station, the firemen themselves joined the general rush when their building began to sway and shake. Calls swamped switchboards at police stations, fire departments, and newspapers offices, wondering if there’d been an explosion.

A few folks even wondered if there had been an air raid. Quite a leap of imagination: Allied troops had staged the “D-Day” landing in Europe about six weeks earlier, and the U. S. Navy had crushed Japanese forces at the “Battle of the Philippine Sea” less than a month earlier.

A dental patient bolted from her chair at the first movement. Elsewhere, furniture scooted around and clocks stopped. One woman saw an empty rocking chair suddenly began to sway back and forth. Having no other clues, she found the sight “the most frightening experience of her life.” Some witnesses thought they were ill, and having a sudden dizzy spell. At least one older man remarked, “I thought I was having a heart attack when my chair started shaking.”

Seismographs across the West recorded the shock, including stations in Salt Lake City, Spokane, and Pasadena. A seismologist at the University of Utah opined that had the epicenter been closer to a city with larger structures, “it would have toppled a lot of chimneys.”

References: “Central Idaho Earthquake,” Daily Bulletin, Blackfoot, Idaho (July 12, 1944).
“Idaho Earthquake History,” Earthquake Information Bulletin, Vol. 4, N. 2, U.S. Geological Survey (March – April 1972).
“Newspaper Articles for 1944 Central Idaho Earthquake,” University of Utah Seismograph Stations.

source: South Fork Companion
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1959 Hebgen Lake earthquake

The 1959 Hebgen Lake earthquake (also known as the 1959 Yellowstone earthquake) occurred on August 17 at 11:37 pm (MST) in southwestern Montana, United States. The earthquake measured 7.2 on the Moment magnitude scale, caused a huge landslide, resulted in over 28 fatalities and left US$11 million (equivalent to $96.48 million in 2019) in damage. The slide blocked the flow of the Madison River, resulting in the creation of Quake Lake. Significant effects of the earthquake were also felt in nearby Idaho and Wyoming, and lesser effects as far away as Puerto Rico and Hawaii.

… The earthquake also caused damage and fatalities outside of Montana. In Raynolds Pass in Eastern Idaho, a landslide killed eight more people. Seismic waves from the quake were reported in Boise and Macks Inn, Idaho, causing minor well and sewer damage.

continued: Wikipedia
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Description Landslides from the 1959 Hebgen Lake earthquake, in West Yellowstone.

Location (TGN) Madison Valley
Creator Warren Bybee
Source Gracie Pfost Papers, MSS 175, Box 3 Folder 16, Boise State University Special Collections and Archives.
Contributing institution Boise State University, Albertsons Library Special Collections and Archives

source: w/larger photo from BSU
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The Hebgen Lake Earthquake on August 17, 1959

January 22, 2010 by Arne

In 1999, the Denver Post‘s Ann Schrader wrote a long 40-year anniversary retrospective on this earthquake, which happened very close to Yellowstone. She explained that at 11:37 that summer evening “an earthquake measuring 7.5 on the Richter scale jerked and jolted an eight-state area for 30 to 40 seconds.

“When stillness finally returned, 26 people camped about 10 miles northwest of [West Yellowstone] were buried alive when a mountainside collapsed in the Madison River Canyon. The 8,000-foot mountain poured an estimated 85 million tons of rock on the U.S. Forest Service campground at a speed of about 100 mph. In the end, only seven bodies were found. Two more people in the area who were hurt died later of quake-related injuries.”

It “also created a new lake [Quake Lake] on the Madison River behind the landslide, collapsed five sections of U.S. 287 into Hebgen Lake, dropped sections of land 20 feet, and rearranged the plumbing of geysers and hot springs in Yellowstone.”

Earth Magazine used the 50th anniversary as an occasion to write about the quake. Here’s a story from its article:

Link: to continue reading The Hebgen Lake Earthquake on August 17 1959
(Note this article has many interesting stories)
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A Hebgen Lake Earthquake Memory – 1959

March 3, 2010 by Arne

Last month, while looking for some more information on the Hebgen Lake earthquake, I came by the Madison Valley Historical Association in Montana and saw its quarterly newsletter on its website. A copy of the newsletter from July 2009 featured several stories from people who’d experienced the 1959 earthquake. I wrote to ask permission to reprint one story from Dixie Robison Marosok. She and the association agreed to the reprint, and here is her story:

We were married in August of 1958 and my husband, Jim, enrolled at Montana State College in Bozeman where he could work toward a degree in geology. When spring arrived, we were looking for a summer job and my sister, Jerry Lower, called. She and her husband, Don, worked on the Cedar Creek Ranch for John Uihlein just outside of Ennis. (John was an heir to Schlitz beer). Don offered Jim a summer job and Jerry offered me the job of sharing cooking duties for the ranch crew. We gladly accepted and on the 17th of August, we were living at the Cedar Creek Ranch in the same range of mountains as the earthquake site, the Madison Range.

We had a busy day on Aug. 17th preparing for John Uihlein’s 40th birthday which fell the next day. I was expecting our first baby in early September and was tired and anxious to finish and get some sleep. It took some time to settle down after the hectic day and the night was very still and quiet. Just a couple of hours after going to bed, I was awakened by the rocking and shaking of our bed. I woke Jim, saying that a bear had crawled under the cabin. He laughed at me as he was immediately aware that it was an earthquake, and we rushed to look out the window.

The earth was rippling in waves like a windblown lake as the tremors moved through the grass. I will never forget that sight. As we attempted to get back to sleep, I began to experience some early labor pains. We were getting ready to call Doc Losee when the pains finally stopped and we returned to bed.

The next morning the valley was full of dust and up on the mountains you could see clouds of dirt raising above the trees. Aftershocks continued through the day. As people began arriving for John’s party, we learned of the earthquake site and the tragic slide that buried and injured so many campers. We were also told of the closure of the road through Ennis. Thankfully we hadn’t needed the hospital since it was on the opposite side of the river and with the road closed, we couldn’t have reached it. Reports came in that many people had fled to high ground and some even took refuge in Virginia City across the mountains.

John’s party went as planned but all everyone could think of was the earthquake and the tragedy of the rock slide that killed so many people in the canyon campgrounds.

Within three weeks I was in the hospital where Doc Losee delivered our first son, Michael. I had some unusual visitors along with my family. Two or three of the quake victims remained in the small Madison Valley Hospital for some time after the earthquake. I remember a boy, a tall and husky football player, about 17 years of age, whose leg had been badly crushed. The Bozeman doctors wanted to amputate his leg, but Doc Losee, who received extra training as an orthopedist just before the quake, insisted he could save the limb. The boy was walking when I last saw him and I believe he did heal under Doc Losee’s care.

Our father, Wayne Robison, was among the early rescuers at the earth slide scene and he is pictured in the book, The Day the Mountain Fell. The Robison ranch, the Green acre, was on the other side of the valley and none of our family had felt the quake with the intensity that we felt it. They related that they were driving home from a movie in Ennis and they felt the car lurch to one side about the time of the earthquake, but thought nothing of it.

The family ranch had a grazing permit just a few miles from the epicenter of the quake in an area called Antelope Basin. A pipeline from Hidden Lake took water from the lake up a steep mile long hill for the cattle on the reserve. When they went up to check the pipeline, it was laying broken in pieces like a bunch of spaghetti straws.

With the river at such a low level, many of the famous Madison Valley trout were stranded in small pools of water. Don, Jim and my father did some fishing with their hands and came home with a good mess of fish for dinner. Jim had the luckiest catch of the day, a 2 and one half foot rainbow trout.

[h/t SMc]
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A Force of Nature — Hebgen Lake Earthquake

On August 17, 1959, one of nature’s most powerful forces was unleashed in the Madison Canyon, just outside the border of Yellowstone National Park. The canyon was packed with people, cars, tents, and trailers. At just before midnight a massive earthquake shook the canyon and in a few seconds, changed the land and the people forever. The Madison River Canyon Earthquake area provides a vivid reminder of how the landscape and the people were suddenly changed on that August night. This video tells the story of the Hebgen Lake Earthquake.

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Madison Canyon Landslide (1959)

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1983 Borah Peak earthquake

The 1983 Borah Peak earthquake occurred on October 28, at 8:06:09 a.m. MDT in the western United States, in the Lost River Range at Borah Peak in Central Idaho.

The shock measured 6.9 on the moment magnitude scale and had a maximum Mercalli intensity of IX (Violent). It was the most violent earthquake in the lower 48 states in over 24 years, since the 1959 Hebgen Lake earthquake in nearby southwestern Montana.

continued: Wikipedia
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The Borah Peak Earthquake on October 28, 1983

January 21, 2010 by Arne

On the 25th anniversary of this little-remembered quake in Idaho’s wilderness, the Lewiston Morning Tribune‘s Casey Santee explained that it “rocked Mackay and the nearby town of Challis, resulting in two deaths and millions of dollars in property damage. It was one of the most powerful temblors to strike North America during the 20th century, measuring 7.3 on the Richter scale.

“People felt the Earth move throughout Idaho and in surrounding states that day. It caused the valley to sink about 5 feet, and Mount Borah – Idaho’s highest peak – to grow by a foot and a half.”

Pretty much all of the below accounts from the Borah Peak quake come from articles transcribed and provided on the University of Utah’s Seismograph Stations’ site, which is at (link) The site has plenty of information about seismicity in the Intermountain Seismic Belt, including Utah and Idaho.

link: to continue reading The Borah Peak Earthquake on October 28 1983
(Note this article has many interesting stories)
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Borah Peak, Idaho 1983 October 28 14:06 UTC Magnitude 6.9

Largest Earthquake in Idaho

The Borah Peak earthquake is the largest ever recorded in Idaho – both in terms of magnitude and in amount of property damage. It caused two deaths in Challis, about 200 kilometers northeast of Boise, and an estimated $12.5 million in damage in the Challis-Mackay area. A maximum MM intensity IX was assigned to this earthquake on the basis of surface faulting. Vibrational damage to structure was assigned intensities in the VI to VII range.

Spectacular surface faulting was associated with this earthquake – a 34-kilometer-long northwest-trending zone of fresh scarps and ground breakage on the southwest slope of the Lost River Range. The most extensive breakage occurred along the 8-kilometer zone between West Spring and Cedar Creek. Here, the ground surface was shattered into randomly tilted blocks several meters in width. The ground breakage was as wide as 100 meters and commonly had four to eight en echelon scarps as high as 1-2 meters. The throw on the faulting ranged from less than 50 centimeters on the southern-most section to 2.7 meters south of Rock Creek at the western base of Borah Peak.

Other geologic effects included rockfalls and landslides on the steep slopes of the Lost River Range, water fountains and sand boils near the geologic feature of Chilly Buttes and the Mackay Reservoir, increase or decrease in flow of water in springs, and fluctuations in well water levels. A temporary lake was formed by the rising water table south of Dickey.

The most severe property damage occurred in the towns of Challis and Mackay, where 11 commercial buildings and 39 private houses sustained major damage and 200 houses sustained minor to moderate damage.

At Mackay, about 80 kilometers southeast of Challis, most of the commercial structures on Main Street were damaged to some extent; building inspectors condemned eight of them. Damaged buildings were mainly of masonry construction, including brick, concrete block, or stone. Visible damage consisted of severe cracking or partial collapse of exterior walls, cracking of interior walls, and separation of ceilings and walls at connecting corners. About 90 percent of the residential chimneys were cracked, twisted, or collapsed.

At Challis, less damage to buildings and chimneys was sustained, but two structures were damaged extensively: the Challis High School and a vacant concrete-block building (100 years old) on Main Street. Many aftershocks occurred through 1983. Also felt in parts in Montana, Nevada, Oregon, Utah, Washington, Wyoming, and in the Provinces of Alberta, British Columbia, and Saskatchewan, Canada.

source: USGS – more info
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1983 earthquake

by Rick Just

Today, October 19, is the Great Idaho Shakeout. Schools, businesses, and families all over the state will be participating in earthquake drills. Idaho is the fifth most seismically active state in the nation. Do you remember the last big quake in the state, the Borah Peak earthquake of October 28, 1983?

I was in Boise and remember feeling the earth move in waves. I worked at a radio station then and recall getting a call from a sister station in Portland to see how we were doing. They’d heard Boise had been flattened. There wasn’t much damage here, but few know how close we came to a major collapse at Boise City Hall. One of the big cement girders holding up the second floor vibrated within about a half an inch from slipping off its support. Rest assured, city workers, they fixed that little issue.

Challis and Mackay were near the epicenter, so the major damage of the quake, which measured 6.9 on the Richter Scale, occurred there. Two children on their way to school in Challis were killed by the falling false front of a building. More than $12 million in damage occurred in the area. A friend of mine, Georgia Smith, was living in Challis at the time and was unhurt, but startled to see a boulder the size of Volkswagen sitting anew in her front yard (Idaho Statesman front page).

You can still clearly see the scarp, or surface fault for miles along the western slope of the Lost River Range below Mount Borah south of Challis and north of Mackay. The summit of Mount Borah rose about 6 inches, while the valley below dropped about 9 feet.

Speaking of Idaho history posts are copyright © 2017 by Rick Just.

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source: Speaking of Idaho, Rick Just (FB)

Idaho History March 29, 2020

The Prospector and Thunder Mountain News July 1, 1905

courtesy Sandy McRae and Jim Collord

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The Prospector and Thunder Mountain News

Roosevelt, Idaho July 1, 1905 Volume 1 Number 29

Mr. Treweek’s Opinion of the Goldfield District.

Just before coming to Thunder Mountain Mr. Treweek was sent by Salt Lake capitalists into the Tonopah and Goldfield districts of Nevada. After a careful examination of the principal properties there he states that in his opinion these districts have a very bright future. The mineral is really there and in quantities that will justify the most extensive development.

In the Kawich district Mr. Treweek observed surface croppings so rich that the gold upon the rock could be seen at a distance of several feet. This is indeed remarkable, and when the fact is taken into consideration that the deepest shaft is only 135 feet — a mere prospect as yet — one can only wonder what will be brought to light when real development shall open up that section. It is Mr. Treweek’s belief that that is a great mineralized zone with a vast series of veins paralleling each other. The Kawich district lies some sixty-five miles south of Goldfield.

The great drawback and hindrance to the development of this district is the absence of water. While it is true that water for household use can he secured from a point about thirteen miles to the north, yet water in sufficient quantities for milling purposes is not now available and it is a serious question whether it can he secured. In south Kawich water costs the mining companies from $3 to $4 per barrel.

The Tonopah district, Mr. Treweek states, contains some very fine and promising properties and it is his judgment that they will prove without doubt, substantial and permanent as depth is gained. Tonopah lies about twenty-nine miles from Goldfield.

Mr. Treweek says that Goldfield is somewhat quiet now compared to what it has been — a reaction setting in from the boom. However, there are several producing mines among which being the Florence, Combination, January and others. The Combination mine has a shaft down 300 feet in which water was struck. The water rose to a distance of 50 feet and affords a permanent supply for milling purposes. At the January there are several thousand tons of low grade ore lying on the dump which is now being treated at the Gardner mill. There are three stamp mills in the camp at present.

Referring to the possibilities of Goldfield in the near future Mr. Treweek states that in all his mining experience covering the time since he was but fourteen years of age and extending over Australia, New Zealand, France, United States and other parts of the world, he has never seen a more mineralized section than that at Goldfield and surrounding districts. It is a vast region of surprises in the way of mineral formations and time only will show to the world the wonderful richness of those deserts. Mr. Treweek considers the future of Goldfield as very bright indeed.

Goldfield, like many new camps of the past, has been overrated and boomed beyond the bounds of reason in its beginning. This is due to frantic efforts of certain promoters to gratify personal ambition and a craving for illegitimate revenue. Picture assays alone were heralded to the world through yellow journals and represented as being average values from prospects and properties throughout the district. These wild and fictitious tales eventually were run to earth and probed. Then came a reaction and Goldfield was in many instances condemned. Goldfield will eventually settle down to a conservative business basis and then its true merit will be recognized by all.

One unsatisfactory condition prevailing there, according to Mr. Treweek, is the tendency on the part of prospectors to hold their [prospect?] … (page torn) … fabulous that capital is turned away. It is hoped and believed that this condition will right itself eventually. Mr. Treweek also believes that capitalists will await the outcome of development on the Combination and other properties before investing to any great extent.

Referring to the reported plague at Goldfield and of the many deaths there, Mr. Treweek says that while quite a number a deaths have occurred yet the idea of a plague is absurd. The days are very warm, the nights cool, and occasionally there occur dust storms that sweep up from the desert quantities of impalpable dust. Many deaths have resulted from the simple fact that many people who rushed into the deserts were totally unprepared for conditions as they exist and so were unable to properly care for themselves. The reports of a plague were sent broadcast over the country by towns and camps outside of Goldfield and Tonopah as a result of rivalry and jealousy and a desire to divert capital and people away from these two places.
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Sam Hancock has been selected as foreman at the Sunnyside mine.

C. W. Heath has accepted the position as cook at the Dewey mine.

Born — In Roosevelt, June 26, 1905, to the wife of Ed. Myres, a son.

Jack Green arrived Monday from Nampa with a train of pack horses.

J. C. Cawley, John Wagner and M. S. Hicks have been chosen as judges for the drill contest on the Fourth.

S. A. Hindman(?), of Warren, was in town this week on a business trip.

H. P. Brown has been suffering recently from a (severe?) attack of rheumatism.

Lee Lisenby has just received a new supply of liquors, cigars and hotel fixtures.

Sam Hancock has commenced the erection of a neat cottage in the south part of town.

C. B. Murphy, of Nampa, arrived last Monday and will spend sometime in Roosevelt.

Silence is not always an indication of wisdom – it sometimes conceals a world of ignorance.

Prosper and Ugene Aveline(?), of Boise, were in Roosevelt this week taking a look around.

D. S. Cotter, C. E. Curtis and James Tucker returned Thursday from Boise. Mr. Cotter will start work immediately on his claims.

D. T. Sillivan has commenced the annual assessment work on his claims on Cornish creek. He will also do some prospecting while over there.

E. L. Abbott returned the first of the week and is familiarizing the now superintendent and the assistant managers … (page torn) … various properties … (page torn) … Sam Bell … (page torn) on the Cheapman group of claims, owned by the Thunder Mountain Pearl Mining Co. Mr. Bell has secured some good miners and started work.

W. C. Cooper was in town the first of the week. He informed us there is a big deal pending in his section of the country but could not furnish the full particulars.

When the mail arrived last Saturday there were seven extra sacks of old mail that had been strung along the road for three months. This mail belonged on the old contract. It consisted principally of old papers which were wet and useless.

We are in receipt of an illustrated pamphlet of the Thunder Mountain country, issued by the Thunder Mountain Gold-Reef Mining & Development Corporation of Kansas City, Mo. This class of actual advertising is a credit to a country and a company.

The Braddock Gold Mining Milling Co., as the reorganizer of the Monongahela Gold Mining & Milling Co., which property is situated on Holly Terror and consisting of four claims are making arrangements to have their property patented the coming summer.

W. W. Matheny returned the first of the week from a prospecting trip on the Middle Fork and its tributaries. Mr. Matheny is fairly well pleased with the country and will return to that section shortly. He says the Yellow Jacket mine is starting up to make a temporary test. The Singiser mine is also starting up again.

Chas. Schultz and the Rose brothers, from Blackbird, arrived in camp this week and will probably stop in this district this summer. These gentlemen are favorably impressed with the condition and outlook in the Thunder Mountain district and may conclude to spend some time in prospecting here.
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On the night of June 21st the westbound Twentieth Century flyer was wrecked on the Lake Shore road near Mentor, Ohio. Nineteen persons were killed and as many more injured.
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The citizens of Roosevelt are not only offering the people that visit this city a rare treat and a good time on the glorious Fourth but are spending more money to make it a financial success than any other town of its age in the State. There is no town offering more inducements for a good time than you will get here in the heart of the mountains.
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The White Knob Copper company’s mines, smelters, etc , will be sold at sheriff’s sale at Mackay, July 7, to satisfy a judgment and decree of foreclosure and sale obtained in the district court on June 8, 1905, by the United States Mortgage & Trust Company. The judgment is for $1,068,666.67 besides counsel fees, $7,500 interests and costs.

— Hailey Times.
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Peace negotiations between Russia and Japan appear to be at a standstill at present and the … (page torn) are steadily pushing the Russian outposts back upon their main defenses. It seems probable that a big battle will yet be fought between the opposing forces in Manchuria before either nation will be satisfied to seriously consider a withdrawal from the conflict.
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A maniac in San Francisco last week broke loose from a monotonous routine and for two hours gave a most thrilling and realistic performance for the benefit of a thousand people on the streets. The show was free and extended through three acts when the curtain had to be rung down for lack of a player. The man of bug-house tendency began by firing furniture through a window in a hotel down upon the heads of people in the streets. Then procuring a shot gun and loading it with powder, buck shot and $50 and $100 bills, he gave his undivided attention to shooting all the persons he could reach. Finally, the police pressed him so closely that he concluded to do the final grand act, and turning the gun on himself, blew the top of his head off. Speaking of the wild and woolly northwest it looks as if Frisco doesn’t require any “showing.”
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E. W. Dewey has received the returns from the last 38 days run of the Dewey mill at Thunder Mountain, prior to its closing down awaiting supplies. The number of tons of ore crushed were 1494. Recovered in bullion $7 a ton which made an actual saving of 87 per cent. The full amount recovered was $10,587.69.

— Nampa Leader-Herald.
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C. M. Orr arrived the first of the week from Nampa with a load of passengers.
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19050701Pg2-txt1headline1Change of Mail Schedule.

The mail changes time today and will go on the following time until the 31st of October. It will leave Roosevelt Tuesdays, Thursdays and Saturdays at 6 p. m. It leaves Thunder City for Roosevelt on Tuesdays, Thursdays and Saturdays not later than 7 p. m. It will make the trip in 26 hours.
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19050701Pg2-txt1headline2$15 Reward.

One gray horse, weight about 1125 pounds, no brand, flee bitten on shoulders and neck, dapple gray on hind quarter, long mane and saddle marked.

The above reward will be paid upon delivery of same at Dewey mine.

– E. Haug.
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The sales of landed property, both in cities and the country, east and west, everywhere, show how much gold has depreciated in value. The men who say that gold always remains the same, that a twenty-dollar piece is the same yesterday, today and forever, are right in the abstract statement, but still what they say is not true. Fluctuations in the value of property merely indicate the fluctuations in what men call money, for money in itself is valueless; it is merely a measure of property value. The man who, fifty years ago, possessed a million dollars in gold was very rich. Why? Because he could exchange it for vast amounts of property. Had he been dying of thirst out on the desert, he would have given half his gold for a quart of water. He could loan his gold on government security and draw down $70,000 per annum in interest. With that money he could purchase as much property or merchandise as three times that sum will purchase now. But now on the same security he could not obtain in interest to exceed one-third of $70,000, and with it could not purchase merchandise or property of any kind to the amount of what the same money would have purchased fifty years ago. Hence it seems to be reasonably clear that the $20 piece of fifty years ago is really worth now only about one-third of what it then was, and it is clear that gold has … (page torn) … purchasing power it advances and recedes precisely as its volume decreases and increases. The man who, fifty years ago, could retire and live comfortably on the interest of $20,000, would require today, to purchase the same thing that he bought then, the interest on quite $80,000. The reason is he could obtain only half the rate that he obtained then, and he would have to pay double for what be bought. Of course there are exceptions to this, but the general rule is as stated above.

If the Socialists ever gain control of the country, about the poorest men will be those who have their property in money, for what will they be able to do with it in order to buy food and clothing? There will be no public utilities in which to invest — their money will be like that of the men on the desert perishing for want of a cup of water.

This depreciation of money, we suspect, is the mother of all the strikes in the country, for the rule is, invariably, that when money begins to lose its value, as evidenced by the advance of property when measured by gold, the last thing to respond to the general advance in prices is the rates paid to wage-earners. The working men of Utah — and Utah is no exception — are generally paid the same rates of wages that were paid ten years ago. But with their wages ten years ago they could buy of food and clothing quite 40 per cent. more than they can purchase now. If they only just about lived then, how many luxuries, even comforts, must they surrender now in order to live? Great scarcity of money is a mighty misfortune to a country, but an over-abundance of money is a perpetual menace to a country’s peace.

— Goodwin’s Weekly.
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19050701Pg4-txt1headline2Fortunes, Now and Then.

There has been considerable talk lately of the enormous fortunes some of our American multimillionaires have amassed. The methods by which these fortunes sometimes are accumulated have been very severely criticised [sic] about Rockefeller’s offered gift of $100,000 for the conversion of pagans. Henry Clews now publishes an estimate of some American fortunes. John D. Rockefeller heads the list with half a billion dollars. Andrew Carnegie, who has given away $115,000,000 is still rated as worth a quarter of a billion. William Waldorf Astor is said to be the owner of about $200,000,000 worth of American real estate. His brother, John Jacob, has $75,000,000. The Gould family is put down for $170,000,000. Marshall Field, Chicago’s richest man, is rated at $100,000,000. The Vanderbilts, Russel Sage and many others have more than they need.

It has been thought that never before, in the history of the world, were there such fortunes accumulated. But William E. Curtis corrects this impression. In the glorious days of Rome there were still wealthier citizens than any in this country. Ptolemaesus Philadelphus* was worth a billion dollars. He, like our Rockefeller, was of a literary taste, and he made Alexandria a seat of learning of undying fame. Cicero lived in a $50,000 mansion; and Seneca was a philosopher worth $120,000,000. Rome, then, certainly had its wealthy men, as our country has today.

-Desert News.

Wiki: *Ptolemaios Philadelphos
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19050701Pg5-txt1headline1The Passing of the Prospector.

It has been said that the old-time prospector as a distinct character is rapidly passing from off the stage of action. The virgin wilderness of a generation ago is a scene of activity today or has reached a zenith of greatness and now is but a memory. The prospector — we mean that picturesque figure of the past, so vividly portrayed by that prince of western writers, Brete Harte* — has “moved on,” seeking newer and wilder regions as civilization has kept encroaching upon the domain of his activity. Occasionally we find him now but only at great distances from the common lines of travel and the busy marts of trade. He does not seek the seclusion of the wilderness from any hatred or ill will of the busy, bustling commercial world. He blazes new trails through the wilds or follows the dim paths of the startled beasts only because he loves the wilderness better and there he is at home.

Among the mountains about us, here and there, can yet be seen a representative of that race of sturdy, fearless men who pioneered the way into the heart of the unknown. Unique they stand, generally large of stature, square shouldered and erect, with flowing locks and clear of eye — powerful men — with an ease of bearing and grace of carriage to which men of these later days might well aspire. Observe him carefully when once again you meet him, for the fullness of years will soon press him into the oblivion of the past from whence comes nothing more tangible than a memory.

Wiki: *Bret Harte
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19050701Pg5-txt1headline2Glove Contests.

I challenge the “Terrible Swede” for a 15 round glove contest to a finish. Fight for a $100 purse, $50 a side on the 4th of July. Will come to an agreement at NEWS office.

– WM. Roe, of Boise.

I will challenge Jim Hoffman for a 10 round glove contest for $100 a side. Fight to take place in Roosevelt, if this challenge is accepted. I will meet you July 2nd at THUNDER MOUNTAIN NEWS office.

– Nick Dorsey, of Roosevelt.
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19050701Pg5-txt1headline3Notice of Publication.

Notice is hereby given that on the 17th day of July, 1905, at Roosevelt, County of Idaho, State of Idaho, proof will be submitted of the completion of works for the diversion of one cubic foot per second of the waters of Little Lake Creek, in accordance with the terms and conditions of a certain permit heretofore issued by the State Engineer of the State of Idaho:

1. The name of the corporation holding said permit is Thunder Mtn. Gold and Silver M. & M. Co.

2. The place of business of such corporation is Roosevelt, County of Idaho, St.ate of Idaho.

3. The number of such permit is 1056, and the date set for the completion of such work is July 17, 1905.

4. Said water is to be used for milling and domestic purposes.

5. Said works of diversion will be fully completed on the date set for such completion, and the amount of water which said works are capable of conducting to the place of intended use, in accordance with the plans accompany the application for such permit, is one cubic foot per second.
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link: Notice For Publication.rtf
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Here and There.

Wm. Midgley returned Wednesday from Boise.

The Amusement Hall restaurant will be reopened today.

B. F. Francis has a full line of bunting and flags for the Fourth.

A good sheet iron stove for sale cheap. Good as new. Enquire [sic] at this office.

Newton Hibbs and J. R. Noss have returned from Salmon. They report a moist time.

P. G. Swayne and H. A. Hummell are erecting a building on the west side of Main street.

Rhodes and Kettering will have their building sufficiently finished to be used on the Fourth.

A. A. Lyden and B. B. Scott are working on plans for a saw mill and electric light for Roosevelt.

Geo. A. Stephens came in from Red Mountain district, Colorado, last Tuesday and will make this his future home.

J. B. Randell on his return Thursday says there are 50 wagons on the road from the Transfer loaded with supplies for this camp.

T. J. Thompson & Co. have commenced the erection of a building 25×50 at their present stand between the Dewey and H. Y. mines.

John Sittig came in the latter part of last week from Boise and is now doing the assessment work on the Triple Alliance claims in which he is interested.

D. W. McFadden, of Boise is in town and is looking over a mining situation with a view of starting work immediately. They have the necessary supplies.

W. D. Bull was in town Thursday on his way out to Vanwyck. He brought in some vegetables from the ranch that were a credit to any section of the county.

Grand 4th of July dinner at the Overland Cafe.

The frame of the new addition to the Lisenby hotel is about up. This will be the largest frame building in the city when finished and will help the appearance of that end of the town.

P. W. Duffes, assistant manager of the Sunnyside and Mrs. M. F. Campbell, arrived in town Monday. Mrs. Campbell will most likely spend the summer here and Mr. Duffes will remain only a short time.

Orr & Morrison and Hanson & Cohern have their freight outfits on the road loaded with over 100,000 pounds for the Dewey mine and the Robb Mercantile Co. They loaded from the Robb Mercantile Co. on the outside.

Martin Curran arrived in town Thursday and is looking over their mining situation. Mr. Curran says part of their machinery is at the transfer and the teams have returned to Boise for the remainder. The first load will arrive about the 15th of the month.

The Roosevelt Laundry will change hands today and the present proprietors request all those having laundry uncalled for to please call and get it and settle the bill by July 3rd. The laundry will be conducted hereafter by Mrs. Wersing and will be moved above the recorder’s office.

The sage brush freight question has commenced to present itself again this year. Freighters have commenced to turn in goods that are broken open and smashed up. This will be of short duration for it is meeting with disapproval by the merchants paying for the freight.

Quick service at the Overland Cafe.

Hunter E. Crane arrived Tuesday from the outside. Mr. Crane and James LeRoy are partners in the building being erected north of the amusement hall. They are pushing the work on the building which will be a good structure when completed. They have a new piano and a good stock of liquors on the road and will soon he ready for business.

Work at the H. Y.-Climax property is progressing steadily and their three shafts are being sunk without interruption. Heretofore water has been encountered in almost too plentiful quantities but this is now rapidly disappearing and everything is working well. The bottom of the shaft started in June is looking exceedingly promising and it is the intention of the management to increase the working force after the Fourth.

Special dinner at the overland Cafe on the 4th.

John Treweek, of Salt Lake City, general superintendent for the Sunnyside mine arrived in Roosevelt last Monday. Mr. Treweek comes well recommended and he undoubtedly understands his business. Mr. Treweek was at one time superintendent of the Mercur mine in Utah. This mine was running behind at the time he took hold of it but he succeeded in putting it on a paying basis. The last position he held was as resident consulting mining engineer of the Mines DePierrefitte in the Hautes Pyrennees mountains, that divides Spain from France. These mines are owned by a London company.

Sam Gillam has now commenced to finish and decorate his place of business in earnest. While in Boise on his recent trip Mr. Gillam purchased all the necessary material with which to do this work and his taste will show for itsslf [sic]. There will be five room in the building when finished. The main room has been neatly papered and a nice paper finish given to the back bar. Charley Ball has been doing this artistic work and it is done well and is a credit to the profession. Mr. Gillam is having a stage placed in the rear of the room where he will place a new piano he has on the road. This will be here in time to furnish music for the 4th. Mr. Gillam has just received a fine line of cigars and bonded liquors.
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Idaho History March 22, 2020

The Prospector and Thunder Mountain News June 24, 1905

courtesy Sandy McRae and Jim Collord

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The Prospector and Thunder Mountain News

Roosevelt, Idaho June 24, 1905 Volume 1 Number 28

The True Fissure Veins of Cooper Mountain.
The Formation and Conditions which Exist There, also a Few of the Characteristics of the Discoverer, Sun-Down Bill Cooper.

by Ernest A. Clark

The writer was recently asked by one of the uninitiated in the noble art of prospecting, and one who contemplated following this hazardous occupation, what qualifications one must possess in order to become a success in this chosen field. The answer to the query thus put, is both large and voluminous, inasmuch as it depends intirely [sic] upon the efforts of the individual himself, and the conditions which he has to cope with. The virgin territory that surrounds the Thunder Mountain mining district offers many opportunities to the enterprising prospector, who, each season, goes into the mountainous regions to [take his chance in making it rich.] (page torn)


Amongst the lucky few in our midst can be numbered that well known rock shark, Bill Cooper, the discoverer of the true fissure veins that traverse the mountain that bears his name. This man, possessing as he does, the tenacity of purpose and a physique that enables him to withstand the many hardships in his quest for what he seeks; also his familiarity with the different watersheds of a large scope of territory; his vastly comprehensive understanding of the many kinds of formations he comes in contact with, and the whys and wherefores of the same, has all been gained by him in the hard school of experience. The knowledge thus obtained has been a great factor in the important discoveries he has recently made.


In the fall of 1903 this enterprising prospector found some honey-combed quartz float on the west of the mountain that bears his name, and to use miners parlance, it looked good to Bill, and quickly found its way into the assay office yielding $50 to $75 per ton in gold. No trouble was experienced in locating the croppings from whence it came and ten claims were located by him comprising the well-known Monte Cristo group, owned and operated by the Spear’s American Exchange of New York City.


Owing to the lateness of the season. Mr. Cooper was unable to do further exploitation work, but early in the following summer, he in company with James Hood, an expert miner, (now deceased) gave the mountain a thorough prospecting, which resulted in the finding of three parallel true fissure veins, the croppings of which not only panned big, but yielded large assay returns. Three claims in length were located on each of these ledges. They are known as the Alice Roosevelt, Minnie Wilson and Mikado veins, thus comprising a group of nine claims. 1000 feet east of this property the croppings of a parallel vein were discovered on which locations were made by McBride, Uhdal and others. This property is known as the Snowstorm group.


Cooper Mountain is situated about 18 miles in a southerly direction from Roosevelt, the metropolis of Thunder Mountain, and lies two miles in a westerly direction from the wagon road. Its south and west slopes form the watershed of the headwaters of Reardon creek. Its east slope the head waters of Big Indian, and its north, the S. W. fork of the above named stream.


The formation is comprised largely of granite, with altered granite dykes cutting through, in which the true fissures are found. The following country rocks are also to be found associated with this formation: Feldspar, crystallized lime, quartzite, schist and sandstone.


Croppings of these ledges were found on the south slope of the mountain and locations were made there-on by the following well-known expert miners: The Allison, Busby and Blackburn ore chutes were discovered that yielded large assay returns, and have been developer by them the past winter. The results of which fully justifies the owners in asking a mine price for their property.


Extensions on the north, owned by the writer, consist of six full claims and two fractions, comprising what are known as the Dame Fortune Group Nos. 3, 4 and 5, consist of locations made on the Alice Roosevelt, Wilson and Mikado ledges, which crop out strongly and well defined. No. 6 consists of the extensions of the Snowstorm ledge. Development work done demonstrated the fact that the ledges not only lived throughout the country, but carried the values as well.


This property consists of six full claims, and comprise the extensions of the Dame Fortune Group, owned and discovered by E. S. Bish. These ledges were also in evidence on this property by their out-crop, and work performed there-on also was a great factor the proving of the true fissure veins.

(page torn)

The development work carried on the past winter, both night and day, by the Spear’s American Exchange, and under the able management of John Ebeno, fully proves the fact that the true fissures of Cooper Mountain are to be found at a great depth carrying good values, and having every indication and ear-marks of becoming, when fully developed, dividend paying mines. An important feature of this development work was the cross-cutting in the main tunnel which is now in 420 feet of two ledges, five and eight feet in width, that were not known to exist by the owners, carrying gold values of $6 to $20 per ton, proving thereby that traversing the formation a net work of veins and feeders exist.

At the time of writing an important deal is about to he consummated on the Hood & Cooper property which will be fully developed this season. Other important, discoveries in the vicinity have been made and the future is one of great promise for this section of the Thunder Mountain mining district.
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20th Century Dam on Monumental Creek.
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19050624Pg2-txt1headline1Our Natal Day.

Of all days in a year the 4th day of July carries with it more reasons why the same should be observed by the people of the United States than all others. Its very history signifies that joy, pleasure and jubilation should be the guiding factors in arranging an entertainment suitable to its proper observance. It will be the natal day of one of the greatest republics on the face of the earth, under which law abiding; and law respecting citizens consider themselves especially favored. Happiness and sunshine should fill all hearts and thanksgiving be the universal prayer.

The patriotic citizens of Roosevelt have responded to the influence of the day by arranging to celebrate the same in manner deserving of its significance.

A program has been made calling for songs to inspire, words to strengthen, good sports to gladden all hearts. Such a program is complete and especially appropriate. All patriotic citizens and all persons, near and far, who enjoy and appreciate the benefits of our government should be present and assist in duly honoring the day.

Let all become active participants in the games and sports and thus give assurance of success to the occasion. At least, let us all be present, show our interest, and possibly influence others to act.

All mines should, be closed, and all employees therein bidden to make merry and be exceedingly glad. There should be no reason why the coming Fourth of July should not prove to be a memorable day in the history of Roosevelt.
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19050624Pg2-txt1headline2What We Need.

As the year is now half gone and tax collecting time is drawing near, it is the duty of the County Commissioners of Idaho county to give us a deputy tax collector They now have an assessor and polltax collector in the field summing up the amount of revenue which they will shortly demand from us. In this isolated part of the county and without county protection our needs should be catered too as a merchant caters to his customers. Last year there was quite a lot of dissatisfaction here in regard to this matter. People mailed their money to pay their taxes on time, but on account of the poor mail service at that time they were made delinquent taxpayers. If a deputy tax collector was appointed for Roosevelt it would be a great convenience to those living here.
— — — —

It is stated on good authority in London on the 10th that Russia and Japan look favorably upon Roosevelt’s suggestion for peace and that a meeting of representatives of the two powers is now being arranged.
— — — —

The town of Wardner has the honor of having a ladies jury. The difficulty was between two women and they called for a jury of the same class.
— — — —

19050624Pg2-txt1headline3Freight Moving.

J. B. Randell returned Thursday from the Transfer where he has been looking after his freight. He has 32,000 pounds on the road. He says the old back mail is all on the road in and will be in shortly.

Mr. Randell reports the road about clear of snow and freight moving. There are twenty teams and four park trains between the Transfer and Roosevelt and will commence to arrive about Tuesday.

They have commenced to work on the telephone line at Trappers Flat. The poles are being cut and the line men are to follow up. It is hoped this line will soon reach town as it will be a great convenience to the people of this section.
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19050624Pg2-txt1headline4$15 Reward.

One gray horse, weight about 1125 pounds, no brand, flee [sic] bitten on shoulders and neck, dapple gray on hind quarters, long mane and saddle marked.

The above reward will be paid upon delivery of same at Dewey mine. E. Haug.
— — — —

There was something over 100 pack animals unloaded in Roosevelt Tuesday among the different firms. This was the largest amount of freight received in any one day this year.
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Brown Gravey Sam is always on deck.
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19050624Pg3-txt1headline1Crowel Missing.

News comes to us that a man by name of Crowel is missing in the Big creek country. He was coming in from Goff with a couple of pack animals loaded with provisions and out of Warren another man fell in company with him. When they reached Logan Crowel purchased some meat at a butcher shop and they went to his claims in that vicinity. A day or so later this companion returned the meat to the shop and stated that they did not want it. This man took Crowels provisions and disposed of them and brought the stock on to Roosevelt and disposed of the animals.

These men reached Logan about the 20th or 25th of last September. When Crowel left Goff he was only to be gone about thirty days and has never been seen or heard of since the day he bought the meat in Logan.

It is the opinion of every one that this man has met with foul play and they will commence to solve this mystery when the snow leaves that section. Not only the citizens of that place are going to make a search but we are informed the county officers are going to take the matter up.

The man disposing of these provisions and animals should be made to prove where he got them and what became of the missing man.

Mr. Crowel was in Roosevelt last summer and was slightly known here.
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19050624Pg3-txt1headline2The Pearl Gold Mining Co. at Work

W. A. Douglas, general manager for the Pearl Gold Mining Co., arrived the latter part of last week with a team from Boise. This was the second team over the road. While here Mr. Douglas put six miners to work and let a contract to Nick Kill and M. M. Atherton to cut a road from the Adam’s Mining & Milling Co.’s road to their property. This road will be about one half mile in length with a good grade. Mr. Douglas left Wednesday morning for Boise to meet Alford Adams, Jr., the president of the company. They will be in as soon as Mr. Douglas can make the round trip.
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G. B. Holleran, general manager for the the Spear’s American Exchange, was in town the first of the week in the interest of the company. This company own the Gold Bullion property of which S. I. Choat, deceased, had a contract on. The tunnel is in 326 feet. On account of Mr. Choat’s death Mr. Holleran paid off the men employed and stopped work for the present. Mr Holleran says there is plenty of money coming from the company to pay the bills connected with the mine and Mr. Choat has plenty to satisfy the few outstanding bills. There will be nothing further done until an administrator is appointed. Mr. Spears will be in next month and work will most likely be started up again on this property.
— — — —

Johnny Conyers and wife, passed through Roosevelt Sunday morning with a lot of pack animals, headed for their new home on the Middle Fork, which they recently secured from the Caswell Bros.
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— — — —




link: Notice For Publication.rtf
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E. M. Thornton was in town the first of the week.

Just received a fine line of confectioneries at James McAndrews.

John Noss, father of J. R. Noss, arrived Thursday evening.

B. F. Francis has a full line of bunting and flags for the Fourth.

Ollie Lingo has gone to the South Fork after a train load of hay.

Julius Lachs is putting a porch on the building occupied by R. F. Francis.

E. W. Whitcomb has commenced the erection of a building on north Main street.

J. B. Randell commenced the completion of his new building yesterday morning.

Bert Ailport has gone to the transfer after Mrs. Ailport who is on the way to Roosevelt.

M. F. Kirkpatrick, a well-known mining man of this section, died in Goldfield, Nev., on June 3rd of typhoid fever.

A. D. Clark passed through town Thursday enroute to Boise His two brothers have been sick but are able to be at work again.

Warren M. Dutton has been appointed postmaster at Roosevelt, Idaho county, vice James Randell, removed. — Capital News.

The Wellington Cafe has changed hands. The name of the new firm will appear later. We hope them success in their new undertaking.

The Overland Cafe is the best place to get a good 50 cent meal.

Thomas Neighbors and wife have returned from the outside. Mrs. Neighbors had trouble in making the trip on account of poor health.

There has been a strike made recently on the Alta group on Divide creek, two miles from town. This ground belongs to Frank Hutchinson. He is in about three feet on this vein and it pans.

James McAndrews has all kinds of smoking and chewing tobaccoes [sic].

A NEWS representative happened to run across a couple of stray horses the other day. These horses have been in their present section about eight months. Full information can be had by calling at this office.

Charley Frost, of the livery firm of Jones 86 Frost, left last Wednesday for Boise. He took out T. J. Little and will bring back Mrs. Henry Kinsinger and and children. Mr. Frost will make regular trips if the travel will demand it.

John Treweek, of Salt Lake, has accepted the position as general superintendent of the Sunnyside properties. He has had 20 years experience in mining and is looked upon as a good man for the position. Tom Babbitt will be the new foreman.

Just follow the rush to the Overland Cafe.

J. M. Venable came in the latter part of last week and is starting preliminary work on the Mosier property. This ground adjoins the Sunny side property and lies in a good mineral belt. Mr. Venable is representing St. Joseph, Mo., people.

S. G. Spicer arrived the first of the week with a drove of milch cows from Salmon Meadows and has engaged in the dairy business here. He has taken up quarters at the mouth of the West Fork of Monumental. This makes two dairies for Roosevelt.

The Nampa Leader-Herald contains the following information given out at headquarters concerning the Dewey mill and mine: “Several very important strikes have been reported lately, which the company is not ready to make public. The development work has been pushed with great vigor since Mr. Haug’s trip to Pittsburg, with a view of installing the big 100 stamp mill. Mr. Haug reports that he can be ready for the larger mill in about two months.”

Geo. D. Smith has been appointed deputy assessor for this district and is at work. He is also polltax collector. If you pay this tax before the first of the ear it is $2 after that time it is $2.50. Mr. Smith seems to think we will get a road supervisor appointed for this district about the middle of July.

Nash Wayland and Harry Markham arrived from Grangeville the latter part of last week with a cargo of supplies and departed Monday for Elk City for another load which they have there. This will be their last trip on the northern route. They will work on the southern route the remainder of the season as it is inure profitable.
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19050624Pg4-txt1headline2Must Be Lost.

Some three months ago Mrs. Ross Arnold was engaged to teach the Roosevelt school and was directed to come by Boise, but after leaving Grangeville with her husband for this place they changed their mind and started in by way of Elk City and after coming some distance on the road they concluded the snow was too deep to finish the journey and returned to the outside and Mrs. Arnold exchanged schools with Francis Steele at Clearwater.

Mr. Steele started to Roosevelt and came as far as Salmon river and was going to leave there with one days rashions [sic] but was insisted upon until he finally took enough for five days. This was the last seen or heard of him until he arrived at the Ramey Cabin on Big creek. The way they know he arrived there was that he dropped a few letters and assessors books in or near the cabin for this place. When he arrived at this cabin he had been out fifteen days, and as this is a bachelors cabin, as is familiar in this country, there was two men. One of these men had prepared a good dinner and happened to be out awaiting the arrival of the other and Steele entered the cabin and ate this dinner with a lot of other stuff and it is thought by many that the excessive eating was too much for him to bear and he lost the presence of mind.

This cabin is on a main traveled trail and there is no reason why he should not come through alright if something like this has not happened him. He has never been seen or heard off since he was at this cabin.

Mr. Steele would not listen to his friends ideas but clung to his own as he seemed to be a determined man. He was told if he got lost to remember that “water runs down hill.”

It is safe to say if this man Steele is not lost in the mountains he would show-up somewhere after this elapse of time.
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June 24, 1905 4 pages Images of full sized pages:

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Link to Thunder Mountain and Roosevelt index page

Link: Public folder with images of the old newspapers
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Other Papers

Elk City Mining News June 17, 1905 page 1

Francis Steele Failed to Reach His Destination at Roosevelt — Last Seen on Salmon River — Mining Notes.

Clayton Vance passed through town this week on his way out from Roosevelt after supplies. He was accompanied by S. S. Whitaker. Mr. Vance brought out such particulars as could be gathered along the route relating to the disappearance of Francis Steele, the school teacher who is supposed to have been lost in the mountains between Salmon river and Big creek, while on the way in to Roosevelt to take charge of the school there.

So far as Mr. Vance knew the unfortunate man was last seen at Warren E. Cook’s ranch on Salmon river May 9th, where he secured five days rations, enough to bring him through. About the 20th a prospector named Lynch who was in temporary camp in the Ramey cabin, returned from a day’s hunt and found his camp had been visited during his absence, evidently by a half famished man, judging by the havoc wrought on a “mulligan” stew. After eating this the intruder carried away a kettle of beans. This kettle was afterwards found empty but a short distance from the cabin, near where had been a small camp fire.

Ten days later Lynch found the sack containing the poll books which Steele had with him for the purpose of assessing the Roosevelt district, also in the vicinity of the Ramey cabin. All of which seems to justify the assumption that the unfortunate man had lost the trail and had wandered around until famished and demented, and while in this condition he found Lynch’s camp, and instead of remaining in safety he, following the primal instinct, gorged himself till satisfied, took the remaining food and fled again into the wilderness.

Should this line of reasoning prove correct, and there seems little reason to doubt it, it leaves little hope for the unfortunate man’s escape from the saddest possible fate.

As to the mining operations in Thunder Mountain and Big Creek camps the coming season, Mr. Vance says they will be lively. All the better known properties are going ahead with development. The Dewey mill is pounding away steadily. The Sunnyside people have experienced bad luck with their mill thus far, it having run less than two days since its erection. Superintendent Abbott and his foreman have both resigned. There, is no doubt, however, with the installation of the additional power now planned this property will make good everything claimed for it in the past as a producer.

The Ramey Ridge and Big Creek countries are forging ahead in the most gratifying way. New discoveries are being made and the older ones are being developed into mines. Among the more promising new properties is the Florence A. group, owned by Vance, Merritt, Shepard and Arnelstrom. The ledge is uncovered for a distance of 2000 feet along its strike and has an average width of four feet. Average assay values thus far taken give $30 per ton in gold, much of it free.

Mr. Vance met Wayland’s pack train between Chamberlain basin and Big creek. It will be the first train to reach Roosevelt this season.
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ECMN19050617-5headline1Thunder Mountain Mill.

Most of the timbers for the Champion mill are sawed and framed; although the recent accident by which the big saw was put out of commission has delayed operations considerably in this direction. Excavation for the mill foundations and for the mortar blocks is being rushed with all possible dispatch by Manager Stoever.
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ECMN19050617-5headline2Broke His Leg.

G. W. Peck, a miner and prospector, well known in the various mining camps of Washington and Idaho, while logging for the Thunder Mountain G. M. Co. was caught by a log and suffered a compound fracture of the leg below the knee. Drs. Cullen and Parks reduced the fracture and the injured man is doing as well as could be wished.

source: Chronicling America
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Elk City Mining News June 17, 1905 page 8

Local Mention Personal and Otherwise

Ed Pell is working for the Thunder Mountain company.

D. Rosengrantz of Stites bro’t [sic] in a load of freight Monday for the Thunder Mountain Co.

J. J. Barlow and P. Gilbert of Spokane arrived in camp to work on the Thunder Mountain mill.

source: Chronicling America
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Idaho County Free Press June 22, 1905

Young Man Perishes

Francis Steele was a school teacher and spent the winter and early spring in Mt. Idaho. He left Grangeville on May 8 for Roosevelt where he expected to teach school during the summer and assess the district for the county assessor of Idaho Co. On May 9 he appeared at Campbell’s crossing where he was supplied with food by Warren Cook. This is the last time he was seen.

He was directed by Cook how to follow the trail as miners and packers are constantly passing back and forth to the mines, and no trace of Steele had been found until Vance and Whitaker, of Roosevelt, found the assessment blanks and school books at the mouth of Ramey creek. They had evidently been on the ground several days as they were covered with mould [sic]. There was a bucket that had been taken from the cabin of Tom Lynch on May 20. Lynch was fishing and had left some grouse, fish and a lot of cooked beans in his cabin and when he returned he found the cabin had been entered and the greater part of the food was gone. There was a pair of gloves on the floor.

Search parties have spent several days traveling through the mountains where the papers were found, but no trace of the unfortunate man has been discovered. Steele leaves a wife in Portland.
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Idaho County Free Press July 27, 1905

Steele’s Body Found

Miners who arrived at Warren, Monday brought the news that the body of Francis Steele has been found near the mouth of Ramey creek which is about a half mile from the spot where he camped and ate his last meal. The supposition at the time of his disappearance is that he had attempted to cross Big Creek and was drowned. Details concerning the burial of the body have not been learned, but it is thought no effort will be made to bring the remains out of the country.
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Idaho County Free Press August 17, 1905

Steele’s Body Found

Word has been received that the body of Francis Steele has been found in Big Creek. A similar report reached here about two weeks ago but the body then found was evidently that of some other unfortunate. It is said that papers and other articles on the body leave no doubt as to his identity. Coroner Irwin and J.W. Evans, a brother-in-law of Steele’s expect to examine the body and it will be brought out for burial if possible.
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Idaho County Free Press Sept 7, 1905

Coroner Irvin passed through Warren with the remains of Francis Steele who was lost in Big Creek last spring. The remains were taken to Cottonwood for interment.

source: Idaho County GenWeb Project complied by Penny Bennett Casey

Idaho History March 15, 2020

The Prospector and Thunder Mountain News June 3, 1905

courtesy Sandy McRae and Jim Collord

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The Prospector and Thunder Mountain News

Roosevelt, Idaho News June 3, 1905 Volume 1 Number 25

Note: missing page 4 – (blank page not printed.)

19050603Pg1-txt1headline1He Thought He Stopped the Paper.

An acquaintance met Horace Greeley, one day, and said: “Mr. Greeley, I’ve stopped your paper.” “Have you?” said the editor; “well, that’s too bad,” and he went his way.

The next morning Mr. Greeley met his subscriber again, and said: “I thought you had stopped the ‘Tribune.'”

“So I did.”

“Then there must be some mistake,” said Mr. Greeley, “for I just came from the office and the presses were running, the clerks as busy as ever, the compositors were hard at work, and the business was going on the same as yesterday and the day before.”

“Oh!” ejaculated the subscriber, “I didn’t mean that I had stopped the paper, I stopped only my copy of it, because I didn’t like your editorials.”

“Pshaw!” retorted Mr. Greeley, “It wasn’t worth taking up my time to tell me such a trifle as that. Mr. dear sir, if you expect to control the utterance of the ‘Tribune’ by the purchase of one copy a day, or if you think to find [any] newspaper or magazine [worth reading] that will never express … (page torn) … with your own, you are doomed to disappointment.”

— Success.
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19050603Pg1-txt1headline2B. F. Francis’ New Store.

B. F. Francis arrived in Roosevelt last Saturday and commenced to prepare a place for his mammoth stock of general merchandise which is expected to arrive most any time. Mr. Francis secured the Dr. C. T. Jones’ building on north Main street and has had it remodeled and shelving put in. This building is only about half large enough for his use. Ben has a large sign already in place so it will not be hard to find his store.
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M. J. Milmore and J. B. Martin returned Monday from a prospecting trip to Hoodo. They secured three claims in that section. One of these claims is located on Wilson creek and has a 17 foot ledge. The other two claims were located on Hoodo and Erasta creeks. The veins on these claims run from two and one-half to five feet in width and are between a quartsite and chist contact. They have received one assay from the float that went $61. They seem well satisfied with the country and are going back as soon as convenient.
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H. C. Willis, general manager of the Adams Mining Co., arrived in town the first of the week. Mr. Willis has been spending most of the time at the mine and expresses himself well pleased with the progress of the work under way. Mr. Willis will leave today in company with Mead Mayo for Boise.
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19050603Pg1-txt1headline3Our Northern Route.

The State Commission has decided to take up the northern route into Big creek from Warren. While this route might not meet with the approval of some of our citizens it will be so much toward opening up this great mining district. The road has been promised on the condition the citizens of that district pay half and the state one-half of the expense. This, they no doubt will do as it is to their interest.

The route of the proposed road leads southwesterly from Warren up Warren creek to its head, over the summit to Pony creek, down that stream to the south fork of the Salmon, up the south fork to Elk creek and up that stream to the Elk creek summit, then dropping down to the Werdenhoff mine on Big creek. Bids will be called for at once, the idea being to have construction work begun on June 25.

If this road is completed by fall to the Werdenhoff mine they will readily see that it will be necessary to extend it on to Roosevelt in order to get our trade. This northern route would not only prove a revenue to the people in … (page torn) … accommodation to a great many here who are compelled to travel this route.

If a person goes the southern route in the winter time they are compelled to go down through parts of Oregon and Washington before they reach the county seat. Think of how many days and how many hundreds of miles they travel to reach this point? The people in Grangeville have no interest in us any more than to collect their share of the taxes and make us humble servants for a lot of high salaried county officials. What have we received from the county in return for our support? The privilege of casting a vote to support these officials.
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19050603Pg1-txt1headline4School Election.

There will be an election Monday, June 5, for three school trustees for this district. A meeting of the retiring trustees will be held from 1 to 2 o’clock for the purpose of making their report. A judge and clerk of election will be chosen for the election of the three trustees. Election will be held right after the meeting from 2 to 5 o’clock. Three of our well known resident citizens have signified their willingness to run for the trusteeship, viz: C. W. Hinkey, P. McKinney and J. M. Ellis.

All interested in the school should attend the meeting June 5th from 1 to 2 o’clock at the Fairview building, now used as school house.
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The Thunder Mountain country is receiving its share of moisture.
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19050603Pg1-txt1headline5Here and There.

When you want a good meal read Le Roy’s ad and give him a call.

We have been informed the Fairview claims have been rebonded to the same company.

Olof Hagberg and Peter Johnson have sold their lot opposite the Lisenby Hotel to Gus Holtgren.

Jack Ferguson and Jim Hash came up from Loom creek Thursday with a load of oats and “spuds.”

The Clark brothers, of Boise, who have been doing assessment work on the Bannock Burn claims south of Roosevelt, passed through town Tuesday on a prospecting trip. They only completed about one-half of this work and concluded to give the remainder up for the present time on account of the water. They had nine horses with them.

Jack Cassell and George Sheppard returned Thursday from a two weeks trip to Greyhound Mountain, in Custer county. They struck a big thing in finding one of the strongest veins in the country. They have seven feet of a … ore carrying silver … (page torn) … granite … wall with porphyry foot wall. George Batters and Al. Adell are interested with them.

Newton Hibbs, of Salmon, arrived in camp this week to take charge of the Rainbow Gold Mining Co.’s property. This company has a fairly well developed property on Sable creek, three miles from Roosevelt. One shift has been working on a cross-cut for Mr. Hibbs for the past month. A dike 30 fee wide has been cut at a depth of [100?] feet which carries good gold values. If the preliminary tests of this great ore body are confirmed by more careful sampling, this mine is ready for a 50 ton reduction plant. The company is prepared to install such a plant this fall, if tests now being made demonstrate the fact that the values can be saved by cyanide or other economic methods of extraction.

Wm. Kreps, sister and nephew and four men arrived in Roosevelt last Monday night from Boise. Mr. Kreps had 30 head of stock besides some milch cows and calves. Mr. Kreps loaded 12,000 pounds of stuff out of Boise for this pace and succeeded in getting it as far as Snows place. He was compelled to break the snow on Cabin creek summit before reaching Snows place where he left his wagons. He brought his stock in heavily packed. He has five good draft teams which he will work at the mines. He says this is the easiest trip he has ever made into Thunder Mountain at this time of the year. Mr. Kreps is now remodeling his stable so he will have a place to keep his feed and stock.
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After the long and bitter contest among the towns of northern Idaho it has been decided to locate the asylum at Orofino. This is not a bad location for an institution of this kind.
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If reports are true concerning the railroad situation on Camas prairie they will soon have a road of some kind. It most likely would be well patronized by the traveling public in the winter.
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Mine superintendents who are hiring men and sending them in here will please bear in mind that we are American citizens and that this class of labor will be appreciated instead of Italians. A hint to the wise should be sufficient!
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There are a lot of enquiries [sic] coming to Roosevelt about a property that is being handled by an old timer in the Thunder Mountain country and if he does not let up we will advertise him and his “bunco property.” This annoyance and robbery has gone for enough.
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The Thunder Mountain country is still [without a road] district and the commissioners have adjourned until in July and then if they should see fit to take this matter up we would hardly get the road work started until the first of September. This will come in our busy season and will only serve to will this money and what will we get in return? We need the road repairing now and not next fall. Our roads need repairing as all other mountain roads do in the spring and from the present outlook the only work they will receive will be from donations.
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This issue of THE NEWS makes it six months old and four months under the present management, and now we are compelled to explain away one thing. On taking hold of this newspaper plant we supposed that as an application had been made to enter it as second class matter everything was perfectly satisfactory. After running some thirty days we found that a new entry had to be made and in a letter from the Third Assistant Postmaster General last week claims this has never been done, and after receiving $25 for postage at 8 cents per pound, we have at last been shut off from that and are compelled to use stamps in order to get our paper through the mail.
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Owing to the Thunder Mountain wagon road not being finished until late last fall and the amount of machinery that had to be freighted in it was thought, by some on the outside not familiar with the situation, that the camp was receiving a set back when the Sunnyside was compelled to close down waiting the arrival of the new crusher and grips. This closing down was the best thing that ever happened this district. If this mine had worked all winter we would of all been on scant rashings [sic] at the present time. When they made the first start this spring there was a number of men sent in from the outside to go to work and when these men were laid off the most of them started out. We are safe in saying that there was not a practical miner in the crowd and as they were not familiar with this mining life they had all kind of hard luck stories to tell. If these men had of been miners and of stayed until now they could of found plenty of work. There are comparatively no idle men to be had at this time. In a month from now a man can get a job wherever he asks for it and there will be no delay.
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— — — —

Her Compensation.

Ye patient old maid
When all has been said,
There’s a pile of good to your credit.

Now that you are gone
We have a new song;
‘Tis the “bachelor girl” we must edit.

Before your slow death
One just held his breath,
Were the term spake in your hearing,

‘Twas cats and weak tea
And passementerie
With a temper not very endearing

With all this slander,
O! goose minus gander,
You filled a niche well in the home,

A handy right bower
In sunshine or shower,
In the whirl, too, as Maud’s chaperone.

But now ’tis decreed
That you shall precede
Both spinsters and dames in the race —

A man without pants,
A goose in a trance,
One smiles a droll smile at your pace.

Oh! bachelor girl,
This flag now unfurl,
And wave it where single men see it —

“I’m tired of this strife
Please take me to wife,”
And I’m sure in a year you’ll be it.


* Passementerie wiki link:
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19050603Pg3-txt1headline2Doomed Tribe of Red Men.

“The full blood Indian is finally passing, just as the deer or the wild turkey will finally die if penned up,” said Col. John N. Florer, of Gray Horse, O. T., who has lived with the Osage Indians for thirty-three years. and is one of the valued counselors of the tribe, at the Coates House, recently. “My prediction is that in twenty-five years more there will not be a full-blood Osage left.”

“When I first went among the Osages,” said Col. Florer to a Kansas City Journal reporter, “the tribe comprised between 6,000 and 8,000 persons. Now there are but 1,700 or 1,800 of them, including, of course, all those of mixed blood. The Osages have been holding their own pretty well in point of numbers in the last four or five years, but they are doomed to go the way of their fellows.

“The dying out of the race is due in large measure to the change in their habits of life. They used to be out in the open air all the time, and when they traveled it was always on horseback. Even when they moved their camps each Indian would round up his string of ponies and make pack animals of six or eight of them, to carry his belongings. Now they ride about in buggies and carriages, the best to be had. They are rich enough to afford all the luxuries of that sort, and, with no incentive to exertion, their lives are about as far removed from their former habits of activity as could be.

“I was present at the council near Independence, Kans., when the treaty was signed by which the tribe surrendered to the government the Osage ceded lands in southern Kansas, and purchased in their stead the million and a half acres from the Cherokees, which they have since occupied. That trade was a good thing for the Osages. They got $1.25 per acre for the land, and the deferred payments were to draw five per cent interest. That mounted up rapidly, and is the source of the annuities which the Osages enjoy today.

“Those were the good old days which the Indians always speak of as ‘the buffalo days.’ I went out on the plains with them in their hunts for years. On out west from the Osage nation there used to be times when one could see buffalo for miles and miles. At a distance it had the appearance of a dark, surging sea. In a year there I bought 28,000 buffalo hides — more than there are in the whole country today. Of course there are lots of younger members of the tribe to whom that is all tradition and they will sit around for hours and listen to the elders talk of the old times.”
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James McCalla, Wm. Mitchell and Mr. Commer own seven claims on Big creek opposite the town of Golden and the Lick creek. They expect to go to work on this property soon. The ores are an odd kind in this country carrying five per cent. nickle, twelve per cent. cobalt and $3 gold. The vein is well defined and in granite.
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19050603Pg5-txt1headline1The Fake Town of “Hallis”

We can now explain away the matter concerning the fake town of Hallis. There is no such a town but we have been able to locate the companies and their properties. Finding this property does not help the companies very much, for a legitimate mining company would not be guilty of handling such ground. These people are not wanting to handle the ground but are out to sell stock.

This property lies on the West Fork of Monumental creek below Roosevelt but hardly shows up as the Mining Record has it. Part of the companies cannot be found of record. But possibly when they took these claims out to advertise them they have changed the name to suit their taste thanking they could do a better business. These companies own one claim each and we are not able to say whether the assessment work was done for last year or not.

The Liberty Bell Gold Mining Co. own one claim and is called the Sandpoint.

Victoria Mining Co. own one claim called the Rambler.

The owner of these two claim, is the inter-Trust Security Co., 7911 Water street, Boston, Mass.

The Consolidated Mining & Development Co. own one claim called the Ram Rod.

The Idaho Exploration & Development Co. awn one claim called the Frontier.

F. L. Miner, 501 Mutual Reserve building, New York City, seems to be secretary or manager for the last two companies.

The above information is found of record in the recorder’s office at this place and if they can clear away this matter it would be much more satisfactory to the people in the mining profession. This way of selling mining stock and not expending the money on the ground should be passed up as a fraud and not tolerated in the camp.
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19050603Pg5-txt1headline2The New Butcher Firm.

People in Roosevelt will be interested to know that Peter McKinney and H. J. Hanson have entered into a co-partnership under the firm name of McKinney & Hanson, for the purpose of opening a first-class meat and produce market in the Pioneer Meat Market building, being the same formerly occupied by Mr. Hanson. Mr. McKinney will have charge of the shop and Mr. Hanson will superintend the killing of the cattle and other outside work. By this arrangement it is believed by both the gentlemen that they will be able to give better service to their patrons and to furnish beef at more reasonable prices. The firm has already purchased a large number of fat steers and promise their customers a superior quality of meat during the coming season. Both Mr. McKinney and Mr. Hanson are well known in Roosevelt as experienced butchers and market men and both have a large number of friends who wish them success in their joint enterprise.
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Jones & Frost have formed a co-partnership in the livery business and have commenced to erect a barn on south Main street.
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Mrs. Euler and son left Monday for Boise.
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Notices For Publication



link: Notice For Publication.rtf
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Hunter E. Crane left Monday for outside points for a three weeks trip.

S. S. Whitaker left Tuesday for Elk City where he Will visit relatives for awhile.

Wm. Dutton is spending a few days with the McGiveney brothers at the hot springs.

Robt. Skinner has disposed of his lot next to the Log Cabin Club to Geo. W. Bruce.

The school directors of Roosevelt wish to extend their thanks to J. R. Noss, of the Twentieth Century mine, for the lumber donated for the school desks.

Ollie Lingo has commenced the erection of a home in Roosevelt. The building is to be 20×36. When this is finished his mother and father will come to Roosevelt and make this camp their future residence.

The Standard Mining company will commence a raise and also to sink on the main ledge the first of the week. They are working as large a force of men as they have accommodations for at the present time.

The Government Townsite Association held a meeting at Smith’s Hotel last Friday evening to transact some important business. The hearing of this case will come up at the Hailey Land Office on the 20th of July. A committee was appointed to gather evidence in this case.
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19050603Pg6-txt1headline24th of July Celebration.

We have been requested to state that there will be a citizen’s mass-meeting held this evening (Saturday) at B. F. Francis’ store for the purpose of perfecting arrangements for a 4th of July celebration.
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Milt Merritt and Clate Vance left last Monday for Ramey Ridge and after spending a few days there they will then go to Stites after a load of supplies for their own use. Robt. Skinner and R. D. Almond accompanied them as far as Ramey Ridge where they will do some assessment work.

E. A. Clark, who has been employed at the Dewey mine the past winter left for Boise Thursday for a much needed vacation, before doing the annual work on his property, which is located on Cooper Mountain. Mr. Clarks holdings consist of a group of six full clams and two fractions on which property the Hood & Cooper ledges traverse with outcroppers. These claims are also an extension of the Snowstorm.

According to the Statesman of May 21, a mill has arrived in Boise for the Curran-Caswell Gold Mining Company, owners of the Mysterious Slide group on Mule creek, and will be shipped as soon as the roads get into condition for heavy freighting, which we hope will not be long. The plant consists of a 5-foot Monadnock mill, with boiler and engine, and a small sawmill. It is expected the mill will handle 100 tons of ore daily. The character of the ore is such that it is anticipated the plant will develop the maximum capacity. When this plant is completed we can safely say. that it will run steady for the work is being handled by experienced men.
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The McGiveney brothers were up the first of the week with a full cargo of hay. While here they disposed of their interest in the livery stable to Wm. Queeney.

Fred Todd, superintendent of the Standard mine, left Tuesday for St. Paul where he will attend the directors and stockholders meeting, of the company, to be held in that city on the 10th inst.

The Weiser Signal of the 20th ult. says the owners of the Buffalo group will install a 50-stamp mill on their property the coming summer. If this goes in it will no doubt prove another producer. We will expect more reliable information when Thomas Neighbors returns from Boise as he will have charge of the work.

James Mahoney and Pete Rude came up from the Middle Fork the latter part of last week with a packtrain load of vegetables which they disposed of readily. They left the first of the week for the transfer for a load of freight for this place. Mr. Mahoney informs us that he has his ditch completed but cannot use it on account of not having enough cable. This wire cable is used to convey the water across the river and the shortage was not discovered until they commenced to use it. The mistake was made in the shipment and hence he will lose the use of part of the ground this season.
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To E. M. Clements, his heirs or assigns:

You are hereby notified that I have expended during the year 1904 the sum of two (200) hundred dollars in labor and improvements upon the Edmon, Bullion and Amalgan Bar mining claims in the Pittsburg group of quartz mining claims, situate in Thunder Mountain mining district, Idaho Co., State of Idaho, the location certificates of which are found of record in the office of the recorder of said county, in order to hold said claims for the period ending December 31, 1904, you proportion of said expenditures being one (100) hundred dollars for said year, for the one-third interest belonging to you. And if, within ninety days after the service of this notice by publication, you fail or refuse to contribute your proportion of such expenditures as co-owner, together with the cost of this notice, your interest in said claims will become the property of the undersigned your co-owner, under the terms of section 2324, Revised Statutes of the United States.

Dated at Roosevelt, Idaho, May 17, 1905,
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To J. Fry, his heirs or assigns:

You are hereby notified that I have expended during the year 1904 the sum of one (100) hundred dollars in labor and improvements upon the Monk mining claim in the Pittsburg group of quartz claims, situated in the Thunder Mountain mining district, Idaho county, State of Idaho, the location certificate of which is found of record in the office of the recorder of said county, in order to hold said claim for the period ending December 31, 1904, your proportion of said expenditures being fifty (50) dollars for said year, for the one-half interest belonging to you. And if, within ninety days after the service of this notice by publication, you fail or refuse to contribute your proportion of such expenditures as co-owner, together with the cost of this notice, your interest in said claims will become the property of the undersigned your co-owner, under the terms of section 2324, Revised Statutes of the United States.

Dated at Roosevelt, Idaho, May 17, 1905.
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To Wm. Burg, his heirs or assigns:

You are hereby notified that I have expended during the year 1904 the sum of one hundred [100] dollars in labor and improvements upon the Golden Chest Fraction lode, situated in Thunder Mountain Mining district, Idaho county, State of Idaho, the location certificate of which is found of record in the deputy recorder’s office at Roosevelt, Idaho, also county seat, Grangeville, Idaho, in order to hold said claim for the period ending Dec, 31, 1904, your proportion of said expenditures being the sum of fifty [50] dollars for said year, for the one-half interest belonging to you. And if, within ninety days after the service of this notice by publication, you fail or refuse to contribute your proportion of such expenditure as co-owner, together with the cost of this notice, your interest in said claim will become the property of the undersigned your co-owner, under the terms of section 2324, Revised Statutes of the United States.

Dated at Roosevelt, Idaho, May 20, 1905
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The owners of the Lion Group of claims have commenced their annual assessment work this week. This property is situated on Mule creek near town.
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Other Papers

Elk City Mining News. May 27, 1905, page 1

ECMN19050527-1headlineTo Thunder Mountain.

The Stonebreaker brothers and Frank Roberts of Stites passed through town Tuesday with their pack train on their way to Roosevelt. Nash Wayland and Harry Markham arrived in Elk Sunday with the former’s pack train, also loaded for Roosevelt. They unloaded here and doubled back for another load before proceeding farther.
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ECMN19050527-2headlineWarren-Big Creek Road.

The state wagon road commission made its first appropriation last Tuesday. It set aside $10,000 to build the road from Warren to Big Creek, a distance of 30 miles. The mining companies in Big Creek and the citizens of Weiser and upper country have agreed to contribute an equal amount for the purpose.

source: Chronicling America
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Elk City Mining News. May 27, 1905, page 8

C. D. Patterson of Spokane, the millwright who will erect the Thunder Mountain company’s mill, arrived on Wednesday’s stage and proceeded to the mine the same day.

source: Chronicling America
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Elmore Bulletin. June 01, 1905, page 4

William J Bryan has notified the regents of the state university that $400 of the philanthropic fund left by the late Philo M. Bennett, had been apportioned to the Idaho university. The money is to constitute a fund, the income for life of which is to be used for an annual prize for the best paper on political economy, statesmanship or any other related subject. It is hoped that the fund will be increased by local subscriptions to $1,000 that three prizes may be given. Mr. Bennett lost his life in a runaway accident on the road to Thunder Mountain.

source: Chronicling America
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Lewiston Inter-State News. June 02, 1905, Page 3

LISN19050602-1headlineRailway Program.
(Boise Statesman.)

Some very peculiar railway stories emanate from New York. They are peculiar because of their manner of dealing with the geography and topography of this northwestern country. The Statesman had occasion a few days ago to call attention to one such story. It now finds another bearing on the same subject in the form of a special to the Portland Oregonian. This special says:

“The Union Pacific and Northern Pacific executive committees met separately on Thursday and passed motions to prepare for building a joint line, from Huntington or such other point on the Oregon Short Line as may be chosen near Huntington to either Culdesac or Clearwater on the Northern Pacific. The entire new line will be about 550 miles long and will be built of 75 pound rails and equipped according to the Union Pacific’s specification, the total cost not to exceed $15,000,000, and work on the surveys to begin immediately. The surveys made by both railroads in 1900 will be abandoned in favor of a line to follow the Snake river closely.”

The Oregonian construes that as an announcement that a line is to be built from Huntington to Lewiston, following the water grade down the Snake river. A line from the south to Culdesac would have to leave the Snake at some point. Yet the special states it is proposed to keep as close as possible to that river. The contradictions are so confusing that it is difficult to understand what may really be implied.

It has long been the belief of most observers that the Union Pacific would eventually secure a line down the Snake over which it would have a water grade all the way to Portland. It is altogether probable that it has been determined to construct such a line as part of the present program of extension.

That would make the continued references to a line from Culdesac meaningless unless it be assumed it is the intention to make a north and south connection over another route — one by which the great interior region could be developed. A line following the canyon of the river would not contribute much toward the development f the country, as it would be too inaccessible along the greater part of the way.

On the other hand, a line through the higher country would tap many rich regions and afford others transportation facilities with comparatively short wagon hauls. With the P. & I. N. at Pollock, to which it is to be constructed according to the information recently published in The Statesman, and with the Northern Pacific at Grangeville, or with a line out through the heart of the Nez Perce prairie from Culdesac, there would be but a short link to be built to connect the two sections.

Such a line as this, with branches like that to Thunder Mountain proposed by Mr. Van Riper and his associates, would open up a vast region. The traffic from it could flow in either direction — northward to the Northern Pacific or southward to the Short Line.

In addition to all the indications of such a purpose. it may be added that The Statesman has received several intimations, from persons qualified to speak advisedly. that the program does involve such a connection between the P. & I. N. and a road from the north. That road will be purely for the development of the country and accommodation of the settlers and business interests of the interior, since it would not be suitable for heavy through traffic.

source: Chronicling America
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Elk City Mining News. June 03, 1905, page 1

The Twentieth Century Mining & Power Co., Ltd., is hauling in a ten-stamp mill for their property at Thunder Mountain.

source: Chronicling America
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Elk City Mining News. June 03, 1905, page 4


source: Chronicling America
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Elk City Mining News. June 10, 1905, page 1

ECMN19050610-1headlineTHUNDER MOUNTAIN
Mill for the Curren-Caswell Property — General Notes of Interest.

A special from Boise states that a mill has arrived there for the Curren-Caswell Gold Mining Co., owner of the Mysterious Slide group at Thunder Mountain. It will be shipped to the camp as soon as the roads get into condition for heavy freighting, which, it is hoped, will be about the first of next month.

This plant consists of a 5-foot Monadnock mill, with boiler and engine, and a small sawmill. It will be put up by a man sent from the machinery house from which it was secured, going in under a guarantee that it will do all that is claimed for it. The company pays, only the expenses of the man sent to put it into operation. It is expected the mill will handle 100 tons of ore daily. The character of the ore is such that it is anticipated the plant will develop the maximum capacity. The values will be saved by simple amalgamation. It is known that a large proportion of the gold will amalgamate, but if it be found too much is being lost, a cyanide plant will be installed with which to treat the tailings.

In the Mysterious Slide a very large body of ore has been developed, carrying values about like those of other properties of the camp. It can be mined very cheaply and can be made to pay very handsomely. Martin Curren and Ben Caswell have been developing the mine for a long time, determining the proportions and the value of the ore body. They have demonstrated they have sufficient ore to keep a large plant running for years, and that its grade is sufficient to assure large profits. It is the intention to double the capacity of the plant next year.

According to reports the bond on the Eureka property has been taken up before the time was up and the $50,000 is to be paid over at once.

The 10-stamp mill on the Dewey is running steadily on low grade ore, but at that about $7 per ton was being realized. The company run out of timber, which prevented them from stoping their best body of ore, and it became necessary to work ore which was not so rich in value.

The Sunnyside is running 30 stamps of its 40 stamp mill. The company shut down for a short time to install an engine, which will furnish additional power to operate the crusher.

The Adams Mining company is building a wagon road from the main road on Monumental creek to its property and getting out timber for the mill, which will be taken in from Boise as soon as the roads are passable.

The Pearl Mining company is moving the machinery from the Erie to the Cheapman group with the intention of developing that property.

source: Chronicling America
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Elk City Mining News. June 10, 1905, page 8

Local Mentions

Wayland’s pack train left for Roosevelt Tuesday via Dixie.

Several loads of machinery arrived for the Thunder Mountain company this week.

source: Chronicling America
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SM19050613-1headlineSITUATION AT THUNDER.

Well, here we are in the famous Thunder Mountain country (that is Ben and I) and find that the stories that are floating around the Salmon River country about the scarcity of laborers to be an exaggeration, as there are at least between seventy-five and one hundred idle men in Roosevelt at the present time ready to go to work the first chance they have to do so.

This I believe will be the banner year of Thunder Mountain but it is too early in the season to make any predictions. The roads and trails are impassable owing to deep snows in the mountains and high water, and nearly all of the mining companies and stores are short of supplies.

The “Sunnyside” Company which employs more men than any other one company had to suspend operation about 2 weeks ago owing to a defect in the workings of their tramway, but they expect to have this remedied and resume operations by June 1st. The success of this company means much to Thunder Mountain. They have spent thousands of dollars in the erection of a forty-stamp mill, tramway, boarding and bunk houses and on the road which was built from Boise last year. Judging from reports the “Sunnyside” has immense bodies of free-mill-ore and is undoubtedly one of the largest mines in the State. The mine is at present under the management of Supt. Abbott.

The H. Y. and Climax Co., have only three men in their employ at present, but will put on a larger force as soon as the snow disappears. The mine is now under the management of Peter Wagner, who was foreman of the “Sunnyside” mine last year.

The “Standard” has a fine showing of high grade ore, and at the present time have a force of fourteen men at work under the management of Supt. Schnider. This is a new company which started up late in the winter.

The Dewey Company have been working a force of thirty men all winter in their mine and mill. This property is under the management of Supt. Hang and William Pryor — the latter is well known to all old Custerites and at one time was foreman of the “Skylark” mine at Bayhorse.

The 20th Century Company have about thirty men at work but they expect to double their force as soon as they can get the machinery in for their ten stamp mill which they will erect during the coming summer.

The De Camp property on Divide Creek have a small force at work and they have let a contract for the hewing of square timbers for a ten stamp mill which is to be erected this year.

There are a great many people in this section who have claimed Custer county as their home at one time or another, viz: Mel Hicks, Myron Shonover, Pat Lynch, Mrs. Morris and daughter, Nick Dorsa, Frank Tully, Chas. Frost, Toni Horton, Joe Davis, Jas. West, Geo. Shepherd, Al Green, Dr. Jones, Jas. Kerr and Mike Foley.

Those coming here in search of work, do not come before the 1st of July, as there will be little doing before that time. Prices on all commodities are high and one to live a life of idleness in here must have an income of [a] Wall Street magnate. Flour is from $13 to $15 per 100; sugar from 20 to 25c per pound; rice 20c; bacon 25 to 40c; dried fruits 20 to 27c., and everything else in proportion.

Roosevelt, Ida., May 29, 1905.

source: Chronicling America
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The Weiser Semi-Weekly Signal. June 14, 1905, page 1

WSWS19050614-1headlineNo Road District in Thunder.

The Thunder Mountain country is still without a road district and the commissioners have adjourned until in July and then if they should see fit to take this matter up we would hardly get the road work started until the first of September, says the Thunder Mt. News. This will come in our busy season and will only serve to collect this money and what will we get in return? We need the road repairing now and not next fall. Our roads need repairing as all other mountain roads do in the spring and from the present outlook the only work they will receive will be from donations.

source: Chronicling America
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The Weiser Semi-Weekly Signal. June 14, 1905, page 2

WSWS19050614-2headlineStill Taking Weiser-Warren Route.

The people of Boise are still taking the Weiser-Warren route to Thunder Mountain, despite the $50,000 state wagon road built for the special benefit of the capitol city, as witness this from Monday’s Statesman:

“Mrs. Brown Lower has left, via Weiser and Council, for Roosevelt, called there by news of the serious illness of her sister, Mrs. Ed Myers, formerly of Boise”

source: Chronicling America

Idaho History March 8, 2020

The Prospector and Thunder Mountain News May 20, 1905

courtesy Sandy McRae and Jim Collord

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The Prospector and Thunder Mountain News

Roosevelt, Idaho May 20, 1905 Volume 1 Number 23

Note: This issue is 4 pages “On account of the scarcity of paper.”

History Of The New Eldorado.

“The great gold fields of Nevada, which are at this time attracting so much attention throughout the world, are seriously threatened with a formidable rival for public recognition in a new find which has recently been made by Denver parties near the headwaters of the Salmon river in Idaho.

In fact, some of the richest gold ore ever exhibited in Denver is being shown by T. M. Rowell, a well-known Denver newspaper man and Colorado prospector, who spent several months in that country, and who says that it is one of the richest mineral sections he has ever visited.

The ore shows considerable free gold and one of the pieces sawed in twain reveals a streak of almost solid gold half an inch in thickness. This ore is entirely different from anything heretofore seen in this country, being a rusty, sugar quartz mixed with an iron formation that looks more like coal cinders than phenomenally rich gold ore.

Howell submitted a specimen of float to E. E. Burlingame for assaying and received a certificate showing 3,645 ounces in gold per ton, or a value of $72,500.

In speaking of the district in which this rich ore was found, Mr. Howell says that it is near Yellow Jacket creek, one of the tributaries of the Salmon river, along which many millions of dollars’ worth of placer gold has been found. It is 125 miles from the nearest railroad station, Red Rock, Mont., and near the trail over which hundreds of prospectors passed a few years ago in their mad rush to the Thunder Mountain country, which is about forty miles father west than the section in which he made his find.

“I believe,” said Mr. Howell, “that this find which I have made goes a long way toward solving the problem of the source of the placer gold of the Idaho streams. This ore is a porus formation, entirely different from the white quartz veins which have heretofore been prospected by the placer miners of that country in their search for the ledges containing gold values. Idaho has produced $200,000,000 of placer gold, yet there has been comparatively little good quartz mining in that country, and while entirely different from the white quartz which abounds throughout the mountains of Idaho, is closely associated with these veins.”

He reports the climatic conditions of the district as being remarkable for habitation.

Mr. Howell is well known throughout Colorado, having been one of the pioneers of the Cripple Creek district, and since returning from Idaho has interested some of the most prominent men of Denver in the properties he acquired while in Idaho and expects to return to that country in a few weeks to further develop the finds made last fall.

There are a number of other Denver parties who have prospected out in that field, and a stampede is anticipated in the early summer when the roads to the new find are passable.”

Following T. M. Howell’s report the Daily Mining Record prints an article in their issue of May 8th by Capt. John A. Dubbs. He showed in Deaver some of the richest gold bearing quartz yet shown in that city, he says comes from a new mine on Arasta creek and that about ten men were on the ground when he left there and that very little ground had been steaked. He also says that while some of the ore is exceptionally rich, in the prospects on which work has been done. The main ore bodies run about $80 per ton in gold and that the veins are large and clearly defined and that it is going to be a great camp.

In view of the fact that the above articles are written at the instance of men of unimpeachable integrity, and that it bears the empress of truth, and if so, effects everyone in the Thunder Mountain country.

I take the liberty to write this short history of this region as I have heard it related to me at times, since I was a boy. The reader can put his own construction on this story. In the … (page torn) … Dalles, outfitted Three Fingered Smith, Pierre Mero, Capt. Pierson — that Pierce City is named after — two or three other men unknown and Uncle Tommy Cleveland to prospect for placer on Salmon river. A part of this party came back to Florence in the fall with quartz gold specimens of remarkable richness and told that Tommy Cleveland had found the same while hunting his horses on a creek they called Camas creek, from the fact that they had to dig and prepare wild camas to subsist on to get back to where they could get supplies.

Uncle Tommy going out by the way of Idaho City had two assays made of the ore he had found. One piece assayed $41,000 gold the other piece assayed $62,000. This old prospector came back to this country about five years later and from his return to the present time has persistantly tried to rediscover this vein of gold quartz that he and his party showed specimens of at Idaho City, the Dalles and Florence.

Wm. Dunbar, now of Pearl, found the same float in ’78. He and his party left these mountains on account of the Sheep Eater Indians. In ’82 John McMahon and party arrived in Bellview, Wood river, and showed speciments ore of unusual richness. They said this float came from a creek on the Middle Fork of the Salmon. In the late 70’s and early 80’s Cordell, who was afterwards killed at the Yellow Jacket, sold dust every month or so that he claimed he pounded out of rock that was found on Hoodo creek.

Since the efforts of these early prospectors, every year or so, float specimens of striking richness have been brought out of this part of the country by wondering prospectors. Probably overlooked by a thousand prospectors. T. M. Howell, of Denver, has re-discovered and proved true another “Lost Packer Story.”

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19050520Pg1-txt1headline2Ranches Tributary to Roosevelt.
One Ranch That Has Made Millionaires.

In 1872 the Caswell brothers seeking a place to grow cattle found it on the Middle Fork of Salmon river at what is now called the Caswell ranch, distant about 30 miles from the present town of Roosevelt. These brothers having more time on their hands than what was necessary to carry on ranching operations and led by a spirit of adventure in prospecting the surrounding country discovered the Mule creek placer diggings and following this rich placer deposit to its source uncovered the gold bearing reef that now constitutes the Dewey, Sunnyside, H. Y.-Climax, and Standard mines, and other properties, on this great gold hearing zone. On this ranch fifteen acres of garden will he cultivated the coming year by Ward Robison, the present leaser and forty acres of hay ground.

The W. D. Bull ranch. About six mile down Salmon river from the Caswell ranch W. D. Bull has a garden spot. The present year he will raise 25,000 pounds of potatoes and 20,000 pounds of cabbage, also two acres of miscellaneous garden.

The James Mahoney ranch. About twenty miles above the Caswell ranch James Mahony has eight acres of land planted in miscellaneous vegetables.

A. J. Hash, Voller McNerney, Pete Rude and Hank McGiveney also grow from eight to ten acres of vegetables it this section on Salmon river.

The Byars ranch, on Marble creek, owned by Joseph Byars, this year will be planted to garden, three acres potatoes, one acre of general garden stuff.

This is all of the land tributary to a great mining country available for farming purposes. These ranches are situated from 30 to 40 miles from Thunder Mountain proper and can have no competition on their produce. A number of them raise a few cattle for which the owners get the highest market price in the west.

To an Eastern reader farms of this description would not appeal strongly but in country, where at the present time, potatoes cost 12 1/2 cents per pound, cabbage 15 cents per sound, onions 15 cents per pound and all other garden produce costs like proportion it will be readily seen how five acres of land, rightly worked, is more valuable than some mines of silver and gold.
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The Marble Creek Tunnel Site Company, a mile above Belleco, have a couple of men at work fixing up and preparing to commence work. They aim to work ten or twelve men this summer.
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19050520Pg2-txt1headline1Among the Mines.

At the Sunnyside.

After a ten days successful mill run it was found advisable to put in an intermediate tention tower on the tramway and stay lines for three or four of the towers effected by strain on the traveling cable. This work will necessitate a layoff at this property of from 18 to 20 days. The mine is in the best physical condition to produce mill tunnage [sic]. This layoff is unavoidable.

Adams Mining Company.

At the Adams Mining Company property on Divide creek. The last month a road was completed from the Thunder Mountain wagon road to the mine. This work was done in first-class shape. These people intend to put a mill on their claims this summer and are preparing for the transportation of machinery to the mill site. At the mine the ore shoots from which assays are universally good will be opened by drifts and crosscuts, that this company are now having driven.

Indian Creek.

Joe Gardner and Perry Watson will commence work shortly on a hundred foot tunnel to develop their ground. These boys have a good showing.

L. E. Moody, arrived at his property last week. He came in from Boise with two miners and six loaded pack animals and expects to increase the force already employed as soon as supplies and tools can be got on the ground. This property is situated one and one-fourth miles east of the Monte Christo where the strike was recently made. The vein and ore on his property are of the same character as the Monte Christo.
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19050520Pg2-txt1headline2Building Notes

Virgil Richardson is building an addition to his store.

Sam Bell is having another new residence built south of his new building now finished.

Wm. Midgley is having constructed three rooms along side of his place of business.

Hunter E. Crane is having erected a 24×42 two story business block on the east side of Main street north of the Amusement Hall.

Sam Gillam is having his place of business renovated throughout. When completed Sam will have one of the most attractive saloons in Idaho county. He is also putting up a building 14×16 for a residence north of Sam Bell’s new residence.

Lee Lisenby is having material got out for the commencement of an addition to his hotel, which will be built adjoining the present building on the north. This part will be 25×50 with a 14 foot ceiling and will be used as the wine department, and the present building will be used for hotel purposes exclusively.
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19050520Pg3-txt1headline1To Establish a Government Townsite.

A large and enthusiastic meeting of the residents of Roosevelt was held at Smith’s Hotel for the purpose of devising ways and means to establish a Government Townsite and to prevent the issuance of a patent to Davis, et al, entryman of the so called Black Bird Placer Mining Claim, upon which ground the town of Roosevelt now stands. Said ground not being placer ground and Davis et al does not intend to work it for the purpose of extracting gold from the ground, but for speculative purposes and of extracting money from the pockets of those who have labored hard to build up the town, by selling lots at exorbitant prices and have already received money on lots for which they have no legal or moral right.

An association was formed called the Government Townsite Association of Roosevelt. A committee composed of Messrs. Dutton, Whitcomb, Scott, Jones and Smith was appointed to draft constitution and by-laws, which, when presented, were unanimously adopted and the following were elected permanent officers: Geo. D. Smith, president; W. M. Dutton, secretary, and Virgil Richardson, treasurer.

Active committees were appointed and other business pertaining to the townsite was transacted. Remarks were made by the President, Messrs. Whitcomb, Jones, Dutton and others all tending to show that the association had taken hold of the matter in earnest and would fight this steal to a finish. And to secure a Government Townsite from the government whereby we could get title to our lots direct from the government at a nominal price and not, to pay an exorbitant price to outsiders who have done nothing to help build up the place.

There was not a dissentary [sic] voice present and every one present signed the constitution and by-laws, and others have signified of joining at next meeting. The association means business and will use all honorable and legal means to win — which it will.

After congratulating each other on the formation of a permanent association and reiterating its determination to fight to a successful end it adjourned subject to a call of the president.
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A letter received recently at this office from P. K. McCann, who left here a few months ago for Ketchikan, Alaska, gives a brief description of the country. Mr. McCann says that Ketchikan has about 1000 or 1200 inhabitants and has only three horses which are used by the merchants for draying. This is a new country without trails or wagon roads. And as to the mines they are copper and gold propositions running very high in copper. The formation is diarite and dark gray granite. The wages there are just about the same as in Thunder Mountain.
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Those knowing themselves in-debt to the firm of Dorsey & Shaneour, also to Jones & Shaneour, will call at Dock Jones’ saloon, pay the same, and be receipted in full. C. T. JONES.
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Notices For Publication



link: Notice For Publication.rtf
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J. R. Noss is on the sick list this week.

D. S. Cotter left for Boise last Saturday on a business trip.

L. A. Wayland is suffering with a severe attack of neuralgia.

J. B. Whitlock will leave the first of the week for Salt Lake City.

It is reported Salmon have reached Roosevelt so we can have fish at home.

Watch for the x on your paper, which denotes the expiration of your subscription.

C. Ball, the sign painter and decorator, is turning out some good work this week.

Jim Herron and family have moved to Belleco this week from the Middle Fork, where they have spent the winter.

Olof Hagberg while on the way to town Wednesday saw six deer between the 20th Century mine and town. This is a sign of spring.

At the Lost Packer mine a man — name unknown — died of pneumonia last week. Eight others are sick with this mallady [sic]. It seems to be an epidemic.

As we go to press we learn that P M. Reuter has sold his interest in the general merchandise store of McAndrews & Reuter, to his partner, James McAndrews.

A letter received from B. F. Francis last Saturday states that he will be in Roosevelt soon and by looking over his ad you can get a better idea about what he is coming for.

Dr. W. L Connell is in from Warren and the Big creek country and will spend the summer with us. The Dr. says that Shep Edwards and James McCaller opened up some good bodies of ore this winter.

W. D. Bull, the Middle Fork rancher, and formerly an owner in the Sunnyside mine, was in town last Saturday. He called at this office and gave us some green onions. In this country these favors are surely appreciated.

C. E. Curtis was over from Belleco Monday on a business trip. Mr. Curtis left us an ad and invites his friends to call and see him when in that section. Charlie handles nothing but the best of wines, liquors and cigars.

Quite a number of prospectors have left Roosevelt this week for the new El Dorado on the Middle Fork of Salmon river. This country is situated about forty miles from here. Roosevelt is the nearest supply point to the new diggins [sic].

S. P. Burr, the deputy U. S. M. Surveyor, after a couple of months absence to outside points and his home at Gennessee, returned to town the first [of] the week by way of Warren. His brother, W. W. Burr, accompanied him in and will spend the summer in this section.

Sam Bell says that the next work Mr. DeCamp will have done will be work to develop the Cheapman group. He expects Mr. DeCamp in Roosevelt in a short time. Then a comprehensive plan for the working of the property under Mr. DeCamps charge will be outlined and carried out.

James W. Hood, aged 36 years, a native of Pennsylvania, died at Boise, Idaho, on the. 7th inst. of pneumonia. Mr. Hood was well known in Roosevelt. He was a prospector by profession and had resided in this district for the last three years. He had been a resident of Idaho about twelve years and in Silver City, Rocky Bar and at Atlanta was universally liked and esteemed for his many unobtrusive acts of kindness and charity. Vale — to another old prospector.

THE NEWS lost its first subscriber last Saturday on account of the article written in regard to “Which way will this road be built?” This is the way we like o see a man express himself and then we know just where we stand and an accommodation is appreciated once and awhile.

Geo. Wertz, the well known Thunder Mountain mining operator was married to Miss Bessie Beard, at Nashville, Mich, their old home on the 10th of May. Mr. and Mrs Mertz* will make Roosevelt their future home after a couple of months visit in the East. We offer congratulations to George and bride. [*sic?]

J. E. Armatage, a veteran Colorado prospector will leave this camp in a few days in company with Johnny Cameron for the Wilson creek country. Mr. Armatage has had a representative on Wilson creek since last fall. He expects to look over a number of sections in that country and afterwards go to Camas creek. Mr. Bruce, the Roosevelt business man, is partially outfitting these parties.

Since the new mail contractor, Al. Ostner, has taken charge of the mail route we are now receiving our mail regularly. Mr. Ostner’s stock are all in good shape and he says that he is not going to work them unless he can feed them good. The people of Roosevelt and along the line can congratulate themselves on getting a man that takes pride in taking care of this stock and getting us a regular mail. As soon as the road is opened up Mr. Ostner will put on a regular stage and express line.
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To E. M. Clements, his heirs or assigns:

You are hereby notified that I have expended during the year 1904 the sum of two (200) hundred dollars in labor and improvements upon the Edmon, Bullion and Amalgan Bar mining claims in the Pittsburg group of quartz mining claims, situate in Thunder Mountain mining district, Idaho Co., State of Idaho, the location certificates of which are found of record in the office of the recorder of said county, in order to hold said claims for the period ending December 31, 1904, you proportion of said expenditures being one (100) hundred dollars for said year, for the one-third interest belonging to you. And if, within ninety days after the service of this notice by publication, you fail or refuse to contribute your proportion of such expenditures as co-owner, together with the cost of this notice, your interest in said claims will become the property of the undersigned your co-owner, under the terms of section 2324, Revised Statutes of the United States.

Dated at Roosevelt, Idaho, May 17, 1905. D. T. SILLIVAN.
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To C. J. Fry, his heirs or assigns:

You are hereby notified that I have expended during the year 1904 the sum of one (100) hundred dollars in labor and improvements upon the Monk mining claim in the Pittsburg group of quartz claims, situated in the Thunder Mountain mining district, Idaho county, State of Idaho, the location certificate of which is found of record in the office of the recorder of said county, in order to hold said claim for the period ending December 31, 1904, your proportion of said expenditures being fifty (50) dollars for said year, for the one-half interest belonging to you. And if, within ninety days after the service of this notice by publication, you fail or refuse to contribute your proportion of such expenditures as co-owner, together with the cost of this notice, your interest in said claims will become the property of the undersigned your co-owner, under the terms of section 2324, Revised Statutes of the United States.

Dated at Roosevelt, Idaho, May 17, 1905. D. T. SILLIVAN.
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Grass is getting good in all parts of the canyons and stock is doing well.
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Link to Thunder Mountain and Roosevelt index page

Link: Public folder with images of the old newspapers
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Other Newspapers

The Coeur d’Alene Press., May 20, 1905, page 6

CDAPress19050520-1headlineExtension of P. & I. N.

Work to Begin Soon., Says Manager Heigho

Boise, Idaho, May 17. — E. M. Heigho, general manager of the Pacific & Idaho Northern road, tuning north from Weiser, is in the city today. He stated that work on the proposed extension of the line would begin soon as material, already ordered, should arrive. Part of the grade to Meadows, 30 miles, has been made. Mr. Heigho said the extension would reach that place this year, and possibly be carried to Payette Lakes, 12 miles farther. It is part of the general plan to build a narrow gage line from the lakes to Big Creek and Thunder Mountain, but by a different corporation. It is understood the large operators interested in the Big Creek section are back of the narrow gage project, but it is closely allied with the P. & I. N. Mr. Heigho declined to make a statement on this point.

source: Chronicling America
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Elk City Mining News., May 20, 1905, page 1

ECMN19050520-1headlineA Large Consolidation

Twelve Groups of Claims in Thunder Mountain Form One Company.

A consolidation of rather extensive proportions, embracing twelve different groups of properties, all located in the Thunder Mountain and Big Creek sections of Idaho, became public recently. The new company will be known as the Thunder Mountain and Big Creek Consolidated Mining and Transportation company, with a capital stock of $25,000,000.

The organization has secured control of the Werdenhoff Mining and Milling company, Crown Mining company, Empress Mining and Milling company, East Dewy Gold Mining company, Blackfoot Gold Mining and Development company, Ltd., Dewey Ledge Gold Mining company, Rainbow Mountain Gold Mining company, Thunder Mountain Gold Mining company, Campfire Mining company, Blackfoot Extension Gold Mining company, and the Buffalo group of claims, said to be located between the Sunnyside and the Dewey mines. It is announced that sufficient shares of the various companies have already been secured to insure the deal going through.

The officers of the combination are: J. E. Morhardt, New York, president; F. W. Hunt, Boise, Id., vice-president; James B. Pratt. New York, secretary, and E. H. Higho, Weiser, Idaho, treasurer. The directors include H. N. Coffin, Boise; Edmund Wolcott, New York; B. F. Olden, Boise; H. E. Neal, Boise; O. H. Miller, New York; S. A. Powell, New York, and Martin Jacobs, Boise.

The impression prevails that the combine has been effected as furnishing an easy method of obtaining additional funds to make the improvements contemplated on the various properties. A portion of the properties mentioned in the deal are still prospects, though development work has been done on all of the claims, while at least six of the groups have opened up ore deposits. The company expects to erect a power plant on Big creek or elsewhere in the district, where more advantageous facilities may be offered.

The company likewise will attempt to acquire control of the Big Creek and Thunder Mountain railroad and work out the plans originally prepared by this organization, to build a railroad into Thunder Mountain. The company will also help the state of Idaho to construct a wagon road into the Big Creek section.

The immediate plans contemplate the opening of the blanket ore body underlying the holdings in the mineral zone on Thunder Mountain, and the installation of a modern milling plant of at least 50 stamps capacity, which will insure the treatment of approximately 200 tons of ore per day. A statement covering all the details of the merger is being prepared and will be sent to the stockholders of the companies, to be taken up by them. The management states that all the companies will retain their identity.

source: Chronicling America
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The Weiser Semi-Weekly Signal., May 20, 1905, page 1

The Federal Developing company has recently filed its articles of incorporation with the secretary of state at Boise and now has a force of men exploiting its properties on Salmon river, Yellow Pine basin, Quartz creek and Big creek. The officers are: H. T. Abstein, president and manager; Fred Sittkus, vice president; W. H. Hooper, secretary-treasurer.

The Dewey, on Thunder mountain proper, is keeping its five stamps dropping and is turning out about $1,000 to the stamp per month.

The Sunnyside has installed its machinery, after a breakdown with the grips on the ore conveyors. This company conveys the ore from the mine to its mill, several thousand feet distant and below, by gravity, and thus generate sufficient power to run the mill.

The Standard has done a large amount of development work and blocked out some very rich ore ans is now ready for a mill and cyanide plant.

It is rumored that a bond has been given on the “Copper Camp,” on Big creek, for $250,000 and that engineers will examine the property the present month.

There was still several feet of snow on the summit between Warren and Big creek on May 1.

source: Chronicling America
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Long Valley Advocate., June 01, 1905, Long Valley Advocate Supplement, page 9

LVA19050601headlineWill Build Warren-Big Creek Road.

The state road commission has decided to appropriate ten thousand dollars for the construction of the Warren-Big creek wagon road, conditional upon the people of the country benefited raising an equal sum. At the meeting in Boise where the decision was arrived at, Ex-Governor Hunt and Civil Engineer Chas. W. Luck appeared. Mr. Luck, who has carefully surveyed the road, gave the commission the benefit of his estimates. Governor Hunt gave assurance of financial assistance of his associates.

Bids will be called for at once, the idea being to have construction work under way before the end of this month.

source: Chronicling America

Idaho History March 1, 2020

The Prospector and Thunder Mountain News May 13, 1905

courtesy Sandy McRae and Jim Collord

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The Prospector and Thunder Mountain News

Roosevelt, Idaho May 13, 1905 Volume 1 Number 22

Note: This issue is 4 pages “On account of the scarcity of paper.”

Which Way Will This Wagon Road Be Built?

Within a few days the State Road Commission will be in the field to examine the two different routes in to the Big creek country. First, they will look over the route from Warrens to the Big Creek Flats and then the route from the Big Creek Flats to the Johnson Creek Bridge. As one-half of the money to be spent for this road will come out of the people of the State, I believe it is right to call the commissioners and taxpayers attention to a number of reasons why this road should be built from the Johnson Creek Bridge to Big creek instead of by the way of Warrens.

This road is to be constructed for the purpose of opening up a mining country and should be built where it will benefit the greatest number of mine owners, prospectors, and the largest mining country. This one reason alone should be sufficient to build the road from the Johnson Creek Bridge down Johnson creek up the East Fork, up Quartz and Profile creeks divide, through Profile gap at the head of Big creek and from the gap down Big creek to the mouth of Smith creek as against the route from Warrens. On this route the traveler would never be out of sight of prospects or mines, a number of which it would cross. It would also make access to the Sugar creek, Logan creek, Parks creek, Government creek and upper East Fork mining properties easy.

On the other hand, the first 25 miles of road via Warrens, Poney creek, South Fork, Elk creek, and Smith creek as so far known has failed to show mines or a mineralized country sufficient to justify the spending of State money at the present time. The distance from Warrens to the Big Creek Flats is approximately 43 miles, the distance from Johnson Creek Bridge to the Big Creek Flats is approximately 38 miles and to the Werdenhoff mine 48 miles.

For the benefit of the reader I will give the approximate distances on the two routes, highest elevations and lowest depressions. The elevation at Warrens is 6400 feet, at Poney creek summit 7200 feet, distance about four miles, road grade 200 feet to the mile. Elevation at South Fork of Salmon river 3400 feet, distance from Poney creek summit eight miles, road grade 475 feet to the mile. Elevation, Elk creek summit 9400 feet, distance from South Fork about fourteen miles, road grade 440 to the mile. Elevation, lower cabins at Wordenhoff [sic] mine 5800 feet, distance about six miles from Elk creek summit, road grade 600 feet to the mile. Elevation at mouth of Smith creek 5000 feet, distance from Werdenhoff cabins about six miles, road grade 130 feet to the mile. Elevation, Big Creek Flats 5500 feet, distance from the mouth of Smith creek seven miles, road grade 115 ft. to the mile.

The elevations on the route via Johnson Creek Bridge, distances and lowest depressions, are as follows: Elevation, Johnson Creek Bridge 5300 feet, Yellow Pine Basin 4300 feet, distance about eleven miles, road grade 90 feet to the mile. Elevation, mouth of Profile creek 5400 feet, distance about eight miles, road grade 140 feet to the mile. Elevation, Profile gap 7800 feet, distance about eight miles, road grade 300 feet to the mile. Elevation, Big Creek Flats 5500 feet, distance about eight miles, road grade 285 feet to the mile. Elevation, mouth of Smith creek 5000 feet, distance about seven miles road grade 75 Feet to the mile. Elevation, lower cabins Werdenhoff mine 5800 feet, distance about six miles, road grade 115 feet to the mile. The elevations, distances, and road grades are a self explanatory reason why the road via Johnson creek is the more practicable one of the two. The impracticability of keeping a divide open in winter at an elevation of 9400 feet as against 1600 feet lower should condemn the route via Warren alone.

The miners of Yellow Pine Basin will build the eleven miles of road from Johnson Creek Bridge to the Basin independent of State aid, and if the road is built that way will finish it at once, so it will not interfere with the rest of the work. The voluntarily completion of this eleven miles of work should cut quite a figure with the people interested in this road. Messrs. A. C. Behne, Chas. Werdenhoff and Kit Chitwood are ready at any time to show the Road Commission the best practicable route via Johnson Creek Bridge.

This road effects the future interests of a large section of the country and should be built over the best route, irrespective of other considerations.

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Geo. W. Bruce, returned to town last Monday, after a two months visit. with his family in Boise. Mr. Bruce says business is rather dull in Boise this spring and that every one has the Tonapah fever. He was well pleased to here [sic] of the strike in the Monte Christo as he is a large owner in that property. Every one in Roosevelt gave Mr. Bruce a welcome home.
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19050513Pg1-txt1headline2The Profile Copper Belt.

This copper bearing zone, as so far known, is about four miles in length. It first shows itself about five miles above the mouth of Profile creek, on the west mountain slope of Profile canyon and ends on the head of Big Creek, running northwest and southeast.

The country rock is a very hard gray syenite granite, in which masses of quartzite occur. The filling of the copper bearing zone is a gray phonolite porphyry, in this filling the ores occur in irregular masses. The ores are the chalco pyrite of copper, arsenate of copper, and the red oxide of copper. These ore veins are evidently of igneous origin. The ores average four to twelve per cent. copper, five to thirty dollars gold and from a trace to twenty ounces in silver.

Torn Ryan, of Pearl, owns the first group of claims on this belt, above the mouth of Profile. Mr. Ryan has worked on this ground the last four years, each summer five or six months, and has showed up the ground to excellent advantage and has some fine bodies of ore in sight. In one drift forty feet long the vein is from three to [eight feet wide and … $?] (page torn) per ton in copper, gold and silver.

The next group above this is the Hyier and Duglass ground, here the owners get some high assays as high as $150 gold and 30 per cent. copper.

Missouri George owns the ground next above the Hyier and Duglass group, here some fine bodies of copper show on the surface, and where one of them is cut by a tunnel at a depth of probably 40 feet. I understand the ore assays well in copper and gold. About one mile above the Missouri George ground Alex Hurdle has done quite a lot of work on this belt and has some fine showings.

East of these two groups and paralleling them, Curley Brewer, George Brewer, Hank Babindorf and Cash Macey own seven claims. A surface cut exposes twenty feet of fine ore in place, averaging 4 per cent copper, $7 gold and 5 ounces silver.

Adjoining the Brewer and associates property Joe Davis and Nate Earl own four claims. An ore shoot on this ground two feet in width returns the following values: Average assay $30 gold, 6 per cent. copper and 9 ounces silver. Picked samples run from $20 in gold to $150 in gold, from 9 per cent. copper to 40 per cent. copper, and from 15 ounces silver to 40 ounces silver. This shoot has been fairly well prospected on and near the surface.

The Hurdle ground is bounded on the northwest by the eight claims owned by the Camp Fire Mining Company. These claims are situated on Profile ridge and the head of Big creek. Ward Robinson and Amos Grinell did quite a lot of work for this company last fall on this ground. Mr. Grinell says that the showings are good for the money spent — lots of ore in sight, but he does not know what it assays.

A mining field of this character ought to present itself to the conservative capitalist as a safe one to put money into. A number of these properties are good mining propositions.

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19050513Pg2-txt1headline1A Daily Mail Service.

A daily mail for the people of this town and the surrounding country will be an imperitive [sic] necessity the coming summer. From twelve to fifteen hundred people will get mail through the Roosevelt postoffice in the course of a couple of months. A petition to the postal department asking for a daily mail service will be circulated in a few days and should receive the signature of every one in the camp.
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19050513Pg2-txt1headline2How True This Is.

The NEWS quotes the following from an exchange and says that this voices its sentiments in regard to some people in this town:

“There are people in every community who get their living off the community and never invest a dollar to improve the town They never do anything to help the town, but are always ready to slander and abuse the place and the people. If the town is not what you want it to be, go to work and make it better. If it is not what you would have it, what have you done to make it any better? Ask yourself these plain questions, and if the town is no good why don’t you leave it? This [is a free country and walking is] good, besides, you wouldn’t be missed.”

That, this office has received no exchanges for five weeks. That, this works a hardship on the editor and regular exchange readers. That, the new mail contractor, A. W. Ostner, has placed 16 horses and four men on the route between this place and Thunder City and that, we know Al will give us regular mail if men, money and horses can do the work. That, this office is equipped with one piece of a school dictionary, one last years almanac; and one Edison’s Hand Encyclodaedia [sic] and that, the same will not be loaned.

Our supplies shipped two months ago has failed to arrive. That, quite a number of men have come to town the last two weeks who haven’t gone to work yet. That, there will be lots of work here as soon as supplies and accommodations can be had on the ground at a number of the mines. That we advise workingmen at this time on the outside to come prepared to stay in town a couple of weeks and be able to pay their expenses. That, there is always room for a few first-class miners. That, every prospector is expected to visit this office when in town and tell us what is going on in the hills.
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C. L. Danforth is in from Ramey Ridge for a few days. Mr. Danforth is a partner of T. G. Thomas in several mining claims on the East arm of Ramey Ridge and says that they have a new cabin nearly completed and expects to put in the summer and winter in development work. He will return with L. A. Wayland, who will take him over a lot of provisions on his way out to meet Nash Wayland with the loaded pack train.
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19050513Pg5-txt1headline1Indian Creek.

W. J. Burke is putting up a 16×36 stable at the Trappers Flat station. His station is one of the best on the line.

Dave Diamond had “bar meat” on the bill of fare at his hostelry the last week. The best to be had is none to good for the boys when they stop at Daves.

W. R. Polson, of the Summit House is getting out logs and lumber for his new hotel. Mr. Polson will have everything necessary for the accommodation of the traveler in a short time — including a fine stock of liquors and cigars.

At the Monte Christo, foreman John Enibo is cutting a working station, from which a raise is to be put through to the surface. This work is being done on the last vein cut. The vein was found to be six feet wide, and the ore is of a good grade.

J. B. Randell, of Roosevelt, has let a contract to Jim Pierce for an 18×30 foot building to be put up at the road crossing on Reardon creek. Jim is now at work getting out logs for the same. When finished it will be used for hotel and store purposes.

Blackburn and Allison are driving a forty foot crosscut on the Alliance, when the vein is cut they will drift on it. They are doing this work about eight hundred feet south of where the big strike was made last winter. The vein shows another ore shoot on the surface at this point.
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19050513Pg5-txt1headline2Sunshine Mine.

M. B. Merritt returned to Roosevelt last Saturday after few months absence at the Sunshine mine on Johnson creek, which is owned by the Spears American Exchange. He speaks well of the property for the amount of work that has been done. He says that when the tunnel was in 120 feet that they crosscut a ledge 18 feet wide which averaged $5 per ton. The tunnel is now in 235 or 240 feet, and they have been in ore for 35 or 40 feet, and of which they are still in, that looks better than the first found.

Mr. Merritt says that A. C. Behne, the deputy recorder at Morrison is putting up a good sized building to be used as a recorders office, postoffice and store. Mr. Behne aims to carry a good stock of goods which will be a great accommodation to that part of the country.

Mr. Merritt left the first of the week for the Middle Fork to get his horses and will leave in a few days for Ramey Ridge where he will go to work on the Florence group. Jack Cassell, his partner, will join him in about a month. Out of thirteen assays on this property they gave an average of $30 per ton for 600 feet and the ledge can be traced for 2500 feet.
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Henry Huck returned from Ramey Ridge Tuesday where he has been on a business trip.

Thompson & Cronin opened up their stand on the H. Y. and Standard road the first of the week. They are both good fellows and carry a fine stock of cigars, wines and liquors. This will give them their share of the trade.
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Notices For Publication



link: Notices For Publication
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Billy Pyles returned from Boise Tuesday.

James McAndrews is at Knox on a business trip.

Meals at The Amusement Hall lunch counter 50 cents.

E. H. Bish has commenced annual assessment work on his Trap creek claims.

S. A. Kimmell came in from Reno, Nev., Tuesday and will spend the summer in this section.

Jim Herron says that Salmon are now in full run on the Middle Fork and that trout fishing is good.

James LeRoy gave a turkey dinner last Monday at the opening the LeRoy cafe. All the boys got a bid.

Ed. Thornton, of Johnson creek arrived in town yesterday and says the two men lost on Reardon creek are alight.

Those knowing themselves in debt to the firm of Dorsey & Shaneour, also to Jones & Shaneour, will call at Dock Jones’ saloon, pay the same, and be receipted in full. C. T. Jones.

On account of the scarcity of paper the THE NEWS is compelled to run only four pages for a month or so. We find that this sized sheet is about five columns too small for our news and ads.

Peter Johnson and Olaf Hagberg are cutting logs for a building 22×30 feet to be erected opposite the Lisenby Hotel, and as soon as a team can be had to draw the logs they will commence the construction.

For a good 50c meal go to the Amusement Hall Lunch Counter.

Elias Wertz, of Nashville, Mich., a brother of John Wertz, arrived in Roosevelt last Wednesday. He is pleased with this camp and intends to stay here for sometime. This is the first time these brothers have met in eight years.

James Tappin came up from the Middle Fork last Sunday with six horses partly loaded with potatoes. He brought all the “spuds” that could be spared from that section and they brought 12 1/2 cents per pound. Mr. Tappin started back the same day.

John Cameron, an old timer in the Thunder Mountain country, returned to this place Thursday with a prospecting outfit. He will stay in camp a couple of months and then go to Wilson creek to work with his brother, Angus Cameron, who owns property there. Mr. Cameron, Joe Surprise and L. A. Robinson traveled together from Boise to Roosevelt. Joe says that Pat O’Donnell is getting along alright.

E. L. Abbott, superintendent of the Sunnyside mine gave THE NEWS office a call Thursday evening and informed us that he had sent in his resignation as superintendent to the company to take effect June 1 and not later than the 15. Mr. Abbott has been with this company for the last three years and has at last succeeded in seeing his long looked for efforts rewarded by the mill working in first-class order and the mine in excellent physical condition. Mr Abbott has had more men under his charge in this section than all the rest of the mines combined and he has shown unusual ability in handling them. Mr. Abbott has not sent in his resignation on account of the mine not being a good one. He says the ore is there to show for itself and he is ready to show it to any one who doubts this. While this company loses a good man at the head of their affairs the many friends of Mr. Abbott will be glad to know that he is not going to quit the country. He will go on the outside for a couple of months vacation and then he will return to Roosevelt as he has the greatest confidence in the camp.

Jack Cassell and Geo. Sheppard left Monday for Grayhound Mountain on a prospecting trip and to do work on their ground.

J. C. Wagner, formerly foreman at the Sunnyside, who has been East on a couple of months vacation, returned to town Monday in company with Geo. W. Bruce, and proceeded to the mine Tuesday morning. While East Mr. Wagner promised the H. Y. -Climax people that if it was satisfactory with E. L. Abbott he would take the superintendency of their mine, which was mutually agreed to and he took up his new position Thursday as superintendent. Mr. Wagner has been with the Sunnyside company for two years and Mr. Abbott is sorry to lose him and says he is a first class man for that position and will will make this a paying mine. Mr. Wagner is familiar with the lay of the ores on Thunder Mountain and has an advantage over a stranger. He will put on a few men immediately and start things moving.
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19050513Pg6-txt1headline220th Century.

On the Empire Tunnel the company is working two shifts. They expect to reach the ledge in about 600 feet.

The sawmill is running full time and turning out timbers and lumber fur the stamp mill and other buildings.

Englebright and Hagberg, contractors on the Toltac tunnel, are pushing the work right along as they know how to do it.

John Snyder and Ole Jacobson have the contract for building a large stable and wagon shed for the company. They are both old timbermen.

Dorsey, Roe and Beek, contractors on the Blue Point tunnel, report that they are getting along fine and breaking from three to four feet a day.

Collins, Huck and Bender have just completed forty feet of work in the Central Tunnel No. 1. The company expects to drive this tunnel 800 hundred feet this spring and connect Central Tunnel No. 2 with No. 1, which will be about 1400 feet in length.
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Images of full sized pages:

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Link to Thunder Mountain and Roosevelt index page

Link: Public folder with images of the old newspapers
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Other Newspapers


Elk City mining News., May 13, 1905, Page 8

source: Chronicling America
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To Inspect Warren-Big Creek Road

Correspondence to the Statesman from Weiser, dated May 7th, states, “Messrs. Wheeler and Lewis of the state road commission left here yesterday morning for Warren on a tour of inspection of the Warren-Big Creek road to Thunder Mountain. They were accompanied b Civil Engineer Luck of this city.”

Long Valley Advocate., May 11, 1905, Page 1

source: Chronicling America
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Boise, Idaho, May 7. – State Wagon Road Commissioners M. E. Lewis and Joe Wheeler left Saturday from Weiser for the Salmon River country. It was the intention of the commissioner to follow the Little Salmon down to Goff, where the Big Salmon will be struck. They will then follow up the main Salmon on the line of proposed Thunder Mountain trail. After a thorough inspection of this trail, the commission will proceed to Gig Creek mining district, and make a careful inspection of the proposed road from there to Warrens, where a state wagon road will be struck. This is one of the roads that it is generally supposed that the commission will decide on building, if the proposed route proves feasible. There seems to be little doubt of this latter fact.

The Idaho Republican. Blackfoot, Idaho, May 12, 1905, Page 4

source: Chronicling America
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Capital News says one of the most important deals for central Idaho was completed in Now York City a few days ago, when the Pacific Idaho Northern railroad was sold by Mr. Hall to Lewis C. Van Riper and associates. The price paid has not yet been given out.

News of this important transaction was brought to Boise yesterday by J. B. Randall of Roosevelt, who had just returned from Now York City. Speaking of the transfer Mr. Randall said he met Van Riper in his office in New York a week ago last Sunday, when Mr. Van Riper told him the matter had been closed and purchase money paid over. He said the road would be turned over to the new owners June 1.

As to extensions, Mr. Van Riper said the road would be extended from Council to Meadows this season, as the grading is nearly all done between those two points. If possible, he added, the road will be continued on to Payette lake during the fall. Here will be the terminus of the standard gauge. “It is our intention,” Mr. Van Riper said, “to build a narrow gauge road from Payette lake into the Thunder Mountain country, opening up the Big creek section as well as that part of the district about Roosevelt.

“Those extensions were definitely agreed upon before the line was purchased, for without them,” Mr. Van Riper said, “the road would be worth no more to his people than it was to Hill.”

He anticipated remarkable development of the great mineral wealth of that section as soon as they could get in with the road.

This is Mr. Randall’s second trip to New York City this winter, and he will leave in a few days for Roosevelt. He will be accompanied by Mrs. Randall who has been spending the winter in Boise.

According to private information given to the Signal reporter yesterday morning, the above report has good foundation.

It has been known here for some time past that negotiations were going on for the purchase of the road, but not until a few days ago was it learned that the deal was about to be closed.

It was also known that General Manager Heigho, passed through here a few days ago enroute to Portland on some important and secret mission and returned home yesterday.

It is rumored that the road was bought by the Great Northern, Jim Hill’s line, and is to be a part of his proposed Butte-San Francisco road, it is known that he is anxious to reach a California seaport.

The Weiser Semi-Weekly Signal., May 13, 1905, Page 1

source: Chronicling America
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The Silver Messenger, Challis, Idaho, May 16, 1905, page 8

source: Chronicling America
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The Silver Messenger, Challis, Idaho, May 16, 1905, page 5

source: Chronicling America

Mining Fake Again Exposed.

The Daily Mining Record, published at Denver, recently exposed an Idaho mining fake, which, however, still continues to operate and deceive the eastern investor. Is a later issue, the Record says:

The unearthing of the fake mining camp of “Hallis” in Idaho — a service performed for the mining interests of that state by the Record two weeks ago — has attracted a great deal of attention in the northwest. The Spokane Chronicle, for example, announces that it has searched that town for facts concerning “Hallis,” but it has been unable to locate it. The editor of the Thunder Mountain News has advised us that there is no such town in Idaho, and he ought to know, because the “Hallis Weekly Messenger” — the most interesting fake newspaper we have ever seen — pretends that the imaginary town of “Hallis” belongs to that region.

The Record took a little secret delight two weeks ago in throwing just the shadow of a doubt over the existence of such a town as “Hallis,” because it wanted some of its contemporaries to go on a still hunt for the town. The fact that they have done so and learned that the name “Hallis” was invented by a Boston mining stock swindler makes the facts In this astounding case all the more impressive for them. The publisher of a legitimate mining camp newspaper is not apt to regard as a joke the invention of a camp name to be used as the cover for a fake mining stock dodger.

The Record asked the Inter Trust Security company, of Boston, to tell what it knew about the fake camp of “Hallis,” and the so-called “Weekly Messenger,” “the only paper on the Salmon river,” which has been represented as the democratic organ of the fake town. Thus far that outfit has not replied. Inasmuch as the stocks floated by the Inter Trust Security company and its officers, appear to have derived the only benefit possible from the fake “Weekly Messenger,” the Record expresses its sentiments concerning the origin of the swindle by branding a batch of these stocks as fakes. They will henceforth be carried In the list of “insipids,” properly classified. The said companies are:

The Liberty Bell Gold Mining company.
The Fair Gold Mines company.
The Investors Gold Mines company.
The Victoria Gold Mines company.
The American Gold Mines company.

There is one phase of this incident that the Record had not noticed before — namely, the fact that a weekly newspaper known as the Silver Messenger is published at Challis, Idaho. We have formerly said that the fake town of “Hallis” which we desired to have located was not to be confused with the name Challis, because the fake newspaper bearing the name “Weekly Messenger” repeats the name “Hallis” so often in its news and advertising columns that it is impossible to doubt the dishonest intention of its publisher — whoever and wherever the latter may be.

But the discovery that the name of Challis has been imitated, also the name of the Challis Silver Messenger, leads to the further discovery that certain of the advertisements in the columns of the “Hallis” paper have been borrowed from the Challis publication, the letter “C” being scratched off in every case whore the name of the town is used.

Thus ends the story of the fake mining camp in Idaho, the tows of “Hallis,” the thriving metropolis without a postoffice. The sequel will appear when the postal inspectors of Boston are heard from.

The Owyhee Nugget, Silver City, Idaho, May 19, 1905, page 1

source: Chronicling America

Idaho History Feb 23, 2020

The Prospector and Thunder Mountain News May 6, 1905

courtesy Sandy McRae and Jim Collord

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The Prospector and Thunder Mountain News

Roosevelt, Idaho May 6, 1905 Volume 1 Number 21

The Great Sunnyside Dropped Her Stamps Wednesday
Tremendous Difficulties Overcome and the Mill Running Smoothly

Caption: Scene on the Sunnyside where Great Tunnels are being Driven into the Dome of Thunder Mountain.

The Sunnyside mill started Wednesday under most auspicious circumstances. A brief description of the mine and mill will be interesting to our readers for the mine is one of the best known in the State of Idaho and is about to take its place as a great producer of wealth. It cannot possibly fail, for a vast blanket of orc has been thoroughly blocked out by a splendid system of cross-cuts, winzes, and raises showing a solid block 440 feet long by 120 in width with an average depth or thickness of 22 feet. $10 per ton is a very conservative estimate of the value of this great mass of ore — it will probably average more than that figure.

The raise now being made in the Bar Oak tunnel will strike the ore body 204 feet north of the present development in the Sunnyside. This tunnel … over 1800 … (page torn) … cost of more than $18,000 was made in order that the immense tonnage might be worked from beneath. Thus avoiding hoisting and from the raise, the mine can be worked systematically and economically.

The Sunnyside mine is not yet three years old and we feel justified in saying that for its age it is one of the best developed and opened up mines in the State. The several thousand feet of tunnels are good and finely ventilated.

The tramway which is a mile and a half in length from the upper terminal at the mine to the mill is a perfect success. At one point there is a span of 1000 feet running over a canyon and the buckets pass fully 150 feet from the ground. The highest of the cable towers is 84 feet.

The tram running at the rate of 350 feet per minute with 34 buckets carrying 500 pounds each, develops with its fall of 1600 feet, sufficient power which is twenty horsepower, to run a number 3 Gates crusher of a capacity of twenty tons per hour. The new automatic grips are working most satisfactorily.

Herman Veilman has been in charge of the remodeling of the tramway and grips and Supt. Abbott says to Mr. Veilman is due much credit. THE NEWS representative was present at the dropping of the stamps and courteously given every opportunity to observe the workings of the mill and tramway.

Caption: Sunnyside Wagons Leaving Randall’s for Roosevelt.
(link to larger raw size)

The machinery at the mill which was set in motion at 3:30, ran like clock work. The boilers carrying just 80 pounds of steam and not the least crowded during the 30 minutes trial run, the fires not having been replenished during the time, furnished the power with perfect ease for the whole plant: the thirty stamps dropped 95 times at a 6 inch drop per minute, the electric lights were turned on and with both injectors running the boilers frequently blew off steam.

The present foreman of the mill, W. H. Paddock, a widely known and experienced mill man all over the West has been of the greatest service in the readjustment of the mill and in bringing it into perfect working condition.

Chas. Annett, the electrician, has put the 1000-light electric plant into splendid working order. This is one of the best plants in the State. It has a beautiful marble switch board and the lights burn brightly and steadily. All the buildings, as well as the mine have the electric lights, a matter of great convenience and economy.

The sawmill will soon be put into operation and the works will probably carry 75. men on the payroll this summer.

The ditch bringing water to the mill is a mile and a quarter in length and flumed the whole distance with two retaining tanks near the mill. The water is taken from Marble creek where a dam thirty feet high is built across the canyon which at this point is only 30 feet wide and the dam is anchored to the solid rock walls on each side.

The buildings at Belleco, for which the site of the mill has been named, are very convenient. The bunkhouse is roomy and well lighted as is also the kitchen and dining room building. The stamp mill is well arranged and well lighted.

Caption: Mrs. Purdum and Mrs. Euler by the Sunnyside Cabin.
(linkto larger raw size)

With the exception of R. W. Purdum, no other one man has been so closely identified with the life of the Sunnyside mine as E. L. Abbott. He is and has been from the very beginning the general superintendent, and so complete has been Mr. Purdum’s confidence in Mr. Abbott that he has virtually been given complete control of the development work of the mine. The results tell their own story, and the consummation Wednesday may well have been a proud and happy day for E. L. Abbott, and his many friends all over the mining West congratulate him on the success he so richly deserves.
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See what W. H. Courtney has to say in his new ad.
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19050506Pg1headlineAnother Branch From the Thunder Mountain Road.

From the wagon road that leads to the Sunnyside mine, C. M. DeCamp will build to the Erie group this summer branching off near Dan Cotter’s house. At the Erie a large body of low grade ore has been opened up this winter.

Last year when Mr. DeCamp cut out a trail, he very wisely made it wide enough for a wagon road thus leaving little work and expense for its completion.

Mr. DeCamp’s company also has a group of promising claims known as the Cheapman Group north of the main wagon road at the same point where the road leaves for the Erie group; here a road will be built north through Dan Cotter’s ground to the group. … (page torn) … simply cutting logs out of the road and a small amount of grading; this it is seen how easy it is for all other companies to build to their properties.

Since the Dewey and Sunnyside companies have built the main road which leads over the top of Thunder Mountain all other roads leading from it will have but little grade.

New companies have the advantage of the experience of the pioneer companies who have broken the ice in ascertaining the proper treatment of the ores and the development of the ore bodies.
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T. J. Thompson, formerly manager of the Robb Mercantile Co.’s store here, has resigned his position and will go into business for himself. He will build at the junction of the Standard and H. Y. roads and carry a first-class line of liquors, cigars, pipes, tobaccoes and lunch goods.

O. T. Lingo and “Shorty” returned from Big creek Wednesday with thirty-five head of mules and horses.
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19050506Pg2-txt1headline1E. W. Whitcomb Arrives From the Outside.

E. W. Whitcomb, Esq., arrived in town Thursday after an absence of two months. Mr. Whitcomb went out for the purpose of being admitted to the Idaho bar, he having previously practiced at the Maine, Washington and Alaskan bars.

He was admitted at Grangeville March 7 to the Second Judicial District of the State of Idaho and will open a law office here at once.

Mr. Whitcomb, whose father is one of the leading attorneys in the State of Maine, had a most thorough training in Common law which gives him a vantage ground in handling the code law of our State. His whole practice at the bar has been a very successful one. In speaking of his trip, Mr. Whitcomb says the trail over Snow Slide is still too dangerous to undertake. He and his companions after attempting it returned to Big Creek and went around by Monumental to town.

He says that Grangeville is alive to the question of an electric road from [Lewiston?.] At a … (page torn) … sum of money was subscribed to carry the project into effect. Lewiston also took the same step, and all indications point to the certainty of the road being built in the immediate future.

At Resort (Burgdorf’s Hot Springs) Mr. Whitcomb learned that Gov. Frank Gooding and Ex Governor Hunt were daily expected there on a trip to determine the advisability of building a wagon road to Big Creek and possibly through to Roosevelt to be connected with some outside point to be determined later.

In Seattle Mr. Whitcomb met many of his old Alaskan friends who, after having spent the winter in the States were again on their way to the North.

From reliable men holding interests in the Tanana country he learned that the camp there is very promising and has not been overestimated through the press: that it will ultimately prove to be the richest camp in the district in the production of placer gold.

Mr. Whitcomb says that in the mining world outside Thunder Mountain stands well.
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19050506Pg2-txt1headline2Fine Mail Service.

Thomas Naighbors came in Friday evening from Knox, where he had been in telephonic communication with outside parties concerning the properties now in his charge.

We learn from him that U. S. mail sacks are on the route to Roosevelt — hanging on trees by the wayside — they will doubtless arrive in a few years. Many people in Thunder Mountain are saying Blank Blank such mail service as has been given this district during the past winter. It is absolutely abominable — there is little effort on the part of the contractors, or sub contractors or sub-sub contractors to get the U. S. mail to the postoffice here.

Mr. Naighbors went to Knox for a business and pleasure trip and he surely accomplished the latter for he, in company with B. B. Scott, caught the very first Salmon to come up from the sea to that district. The fish, which weighed over 16 pounds, was taken at the outlet of Hot Lake — and while speaking of fish — just to change the subject a little — four deer crossed the road on Southwest Fork summit on their way to Indian Creek. The tracks were fresh as Mr. Naighbors came along the road. The deer arriving so early pressages [sic] the coming of summer.

At Knox, C. C. Randall is doing a rushing business. Travel is heavy and he can hardly accommodate the transient trade — beds are made on the floor and the full capacity of his hotel is taxed.

Thornton & Gilman have bought out Mr. Cole at Johnson Creek, the telephone station, and they will continue there a good road house. Mr. Cole has contracted to construct the sawmill for Mr. Snow on the Thunderbolt mining property.

Mr. Naighbors says that the reports concerning the Monte Christo strike have not been exagerated and that at the Sunshine mine also, in charge of Chas. Werdenhoff, several rich stringers have been traversed during their tunnelling.
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19050506Pg3-txt1headlineReclamation of the Sahara

There are many surprises in the geography of Africa, says the Review of Reviews. One of the greatest of these, perhaps, is the truth about the Desert of Sahara, which has for so long been supposed to consist exclusively of bleak, vast, uninhabitable wastes of sand. The truth seems to be that within the limits of the so-called desert there are vast stretches of land potentially fertile, a waiting only the touch of irrigation to make them blossom like the rose.

The increasing importance of French interests in the Sahara and Soudan has furnished the theme for a book, recently issued in Paris, under the title, “The Sahara, the Soudan, and the Trans-Sahara railroads.” In reviewing this book and analyzing its suggestions, M Robert Doucet, writing in the France de Demain, declares that, after 25 years, M. Paul Leroy-Beaulieu’s struggle to destroy the legend of the Sahara desert has succeeded.

We now know that there are vast agricultural and economic possibilities in the Sahara. A number of French “missions,” says M. Doucet, have proved that, not only is the Sahara inhabitable, as far as nature is concerned, but the bands of robbers and brigands are not anywhere near so frequent or terrible as has been imagined. In the south and central portions, the Sahara is comparatively free from sand dunes and the oases are frequent and fertile. Moreover, the climate, speaking generally, is healthful. “The heat is not excessive in these regions, and the nighly [sic] frosts compensate largely for the fatigues and heat of the day.” The temperature throughout the southern and eastern portion is moderate. M. Leroy-Beaulieu, says the writer, advocates a number of railroads across the desert strip to exploit the commercial possibilities of this vast region.

— Gazette.
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19050506Pg4-txt1headlinePassing of the Politician.

We hear a good deal said these days about “the passing of the politician,” says the Washington Post. By this is meant that the old-fashioned professional office-holder — the citizen who made a livelihood of public service — is gradually in process of being crowded off the road by the man whose political preferment is only an incident in a career absorbed by other interests who stand for some definite idea in the great workaday world, and who accepts his office as a call to duty, a reward of merit, or a stepping stone to a special object.

This is not a new phenomenon by any means. There was a long period after the civil war when the politician pure and simple held the center of the stage in public affairs. Then came, about the middle of the ’70s, a change similar to that which some observers see now in progress. As one and another of the old “war horses” were set aside and replaced by figures like Isaac Christiancy of Michigan. David Davis of Illinois and the others who were believed to be the pioneers of a new movement, we were told that the politician as a distinct type was going out and would be known thence-forward as a curio rather than as a living force in the republic.

But it was the change itself that was passing; not the politician. He simply retired into the background for a time. He stayed in the shadows till the wave or novelty had spent itself. Then he re-emerged and took his place as conspicuously as before, and the old story was repeated.

The political history of our country is an evolution. We occasionally have a period of variation, which brings new men and new ideas to the front, but their service is only to prepare the way for a fresh era in which the old familiar principle is to assert itself again under unaccustomed forms and guises. The American people are too busy to give a great deal of time and thought themselves to the solution of public problems; it is cheaper and easier for them to hire persons regularly drilled in the business to do their legislating and administering for them.

The politician will continue with us always. Whoever else takes up his work for a little, treating it as an excursion or a holiday, may be trusted to get tired and lay it aside ere long for something more profitable We witness the same process going on in other fields. The magazine literature of today is furnished chiefly by specialists, men who have “done things” and who dip into literature merely to tell their fellows how this and that was accomplished. The general describes his battles, the scientist has discoveries, the banker his business triumphs. We are apt to say that the old-fashioned man of letters, who made his living with his pen and treated all subjects with equal fluency, is dead. He is really only dormant. The bearers of special messages will soon write themselves out, and the old literary worker will come back and occupy his field once more.

So with the politician. He is “passing,” perhaps, but only into a state of suspended animation; when the railroad magnates, and the successful business men and the attorneys for individual interests have their fling at public life, the professional officeholders will slip once more into their places and politics become a calling again.

— Pittsburg Gazette.
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19050506Pg5-txt1headline1Few French Millionaires.

The vast wealth of France is divided into a large number of small savings, according to a recent computation in the French financial journal, Le Rentier. In France, it seems, there are not 20,000 persons who are millionaires — and it must be remembered that by millionaire is meant a possessor of 1,000,000 francs, or, in other words, $193,000. There are possibly ten persons in the country whose fortunes are 100,000,000 francs, or about $19,000,000 or over.

All the holders of great fortunes may easily be mentioned by name; only about 100 persons are worth between $2,000,000 and $10,000,000, and 14,000 have accumulated or inherited property valued at from $193,000 to $386,000. That is, France has very few rich citizens. This distribution of wealth in France is indicated by the facts that in 1902 there was left by persons dying property of the value of $921,000,000; but of the 363,612 inheritances distributed in that year more than 300,000 consisted of sums ranging from 20 cents to $1,930. About two-thirds of the property to be distributed was in sums of $200 to $400. The large inheritances, from about $50,000 to $1,000,000, represented only 0.04 per cent. of the total amount; and the property to be divided amounting to more than $100,000 represented lees than 0.01 per cent of the total value.

It is the vast army of small savers in France, the 9,000,000 persons whose names figure in the tax accounts and who own the millions of small parcels of personal real estate, that make the fortune of the country. In comparison with their aggregate accumulations the possessions of the wealthy are insignificant. Such facts as these illustrate in a striking manner the thrift of the masses of the French people.

— Gazette.
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Many a song remains unsung but could these be touched into life they should tell, not of those who killed their fellows, but of the humble and unpretentious men and women who devote their lives to doing good deeds unseen, without expecting or receiving reward. The Carnegie fund will not reach the kind-hearted farmer who feeds the birds in winter, who ever speaks gently at home and does acts of kindness to those less fortunate than himself. It will not reach the farmers’ wife who, through days of sadness and nights devoid of ease is not forgetful of those “small ministries of life” on which depends the large part of what goes to make the sum total of human happiness.
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19050506Pg5-txt1headline2The Colorado Results.

It is of no great consequence to the people of Colorado who holds the office of governor for the rest of the present term. But it is of consequence to them to have broken down at last the system of fraud which has ruled for six or eight years past in Colorado elections. Democratic supremacy in the state has rested during that time on the fraudulent vote returned in Denver by the thugs who control the election machinery there.

— New York Tribune.

link: The Day Colorado Had 3 Governors
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19050506Pg5-Notice1Notice For Publication
Survey No. 1994 A-B

Hailey, Idaho, April 13, 1905.

Notice is hereby given. that in pursuance of the Act of Congress approved May 10, 1872, the Thunder Mountain Gold and Silver Mining and Milling Company, whose postoffice is Nampa, Idaho, has made application for a patent for 1475 linear feet of the Massenet lode, bearing gold and silver. The same being 143 ft. south-westerly and 1332 ft. northeasterly from discovery shaft. Together with surface ground 567.67 feet in width. Also for 809.45 linear feet of the Dewey Mill site, with surface ground 275 feet in width situate in Thunder Mountain Mining District, Idaho County. State of Idaho. and described by the official plat and by the field notes on file in the office of the Register of Hailey District. Idaho, as follows, viz: Var 21 degrees 30 minutes E.

Massenet lode. Beginning at corner No, 1 whence U. S. L. M. No. 2 Thunder Mountain District, bears N. 45 degrees 20 minutes W. 154.94 feet. Thence N. 41 degrees 27 minutes E. 1478 feet to corner No 2. Thence N. 48 degrees 33 minutes W. 567.67 feet to corner No. 3, Thence S. 41 degrees 27 minutes W. 1475 feet to corner No. 4. Thence S. 48 degrees 33 minutes E. 567.67 feet to corner No. 1, the place of beginning, containing 19.222 acres, Dewey Mill Site. Beginning at corner No. 1 identical with corner No. 1 Massenet lode, whence U. S. L. M. No. 2 Thunder Mountain Mining District bears N. 45 degrees 20 minutes W. 154.91 feet. Thence N. 41 degrees 27 minutes E. 275 feet to corner No. 2. Thence S. 36 degrees 38 minutes E. 809.45 feet to corner No. 3. Thence S. 41 degrees 27 minutes W. 275 feet to corner No. 4. Thence N. 36 degrees 38 minutes W. 809.45 feet to corner No. 1. the place of beginning, containing 5 acres, making a total of 21.222 acres for the lode and mill site, and forming a portion of the unsurveyed lands of the United States, in the said Thunder Mountain Mining District, Idaho County, State of Idaho. Names of the adjoining claims. if any, are unknown. The notice of amended location of the Massenet lode is recorded in volume 9, page 285, and the location notice of the Dewey Mill Site in volume 9, page 261 in the office of the Deputy County Recorder, at Roosevelt. Idaho.

Any and all persons claiming adversely the mining ground, vein, lode, premises or any portion thereof so described, surveyed, platted and applied for, are hereby notified that unless their adverse claims are duly filed as according to law and the regulations thereunder, within the time prescribed by law, with the Register of the United States Land Office at Halley, Idaho, they will be barred by virtue of the provisions of the United States Statutes in such cases made and provided.

N J SHARP, Register.
First publication April 29, 1905.
Last publication July 29, 1905.
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19050506Pg5-Notice2Notice For Publication
Dewey Group of Mining Claims
Survey No. 1988.

Hailey, Idaho, April 13, 1905.

Notice is hereby given, that in pursuance of the Act of Congress approved May 10, 1872, Thunder Mountain Gold and Silver Mining and Milling Company. whose postoffice is Nampa, Idaho. has made an application for a patent for 436.49 linear feet on the Coal Pit Fraction lode, bearing gold and silver, the same being 146.49 feet northwesterly and 290 feet southeasterly from discovery shaft.

669.22 linear feet on the Goldie lode, bearing gold and silver. the same being 237.22 feet northwesterly, and 432 feet southeasterly from discovery cut.

1468.38-linear feet on the Golden Reef lode, bearing gold and silver, the same being 638.78 feet northwesterly, and 790 feet southeasterly from discovery cut.

1494.83 linear feet on the Gravel Point lode, bearing gold and silver, the same being 729.83 feet northwesterly, and 765 feet southeasterly from discovery cut.

1281.72 linear feet on the Poormans Treasure lode, bearing gold and silver, the same being 656.72 feet northwesterly, and 625 feet southeasterly from discovery cut.

1500 linear feet on the Golden Treasure lode; bearing gold and silver, the same being 530 feet northwesterly and 970 feet southeasterly from discovery cut.

1500 linear feet on the Black Cat lode, bearing gold and silver, the same being 1175 feet northwesterly and 325 feet southeasterly from discovery cut.

608.06 linear feet on the Fraction lode, bearing gold and silver, the same being 365 feet northwesterly and 243.06 feet southeasterly from discovery shaft.

1127.63 linear feet on the Equinox lode, bearing gold and silver, the same being 350 feet northwesterly and 777.63 feet southeasterly front discovery cut.

1039.74 linear feet on the Gold Bug lode, bearing gold and silver, the same being 670 feet northwesterly and 369.74 feet southeasterly from discovery cut.

1493.60 linear feet on the Roosevelt lode, bearing gold and silver, the same being 100 feet northwesterly and 1393.60 feet southeasterly from discovery shaft.

428.75 linear feet on the Parker lode, bearing gold and silver, the same being 100 feet northeasterly and 328.75 feet southwesterly from discovery cut thereon.

With surface ground 564 feet in width on the Coal Pit Fraction, 559 feet in width on the Goldie, 591.92 feet in width on the Golden Reef, 572.20 feet in width on the Gravel Point, 551.92 feet in width on the Poormans Treasure, 600 feet in width on the Golden Treasure, 219.10 feet in width on the Black Cat, 580.39 feet in width on the Fraction, 473.18 feet in width on the Roosevelt, 586.37 feet in width on the Equinox, 491.63 feet in width on the Gold Bug and 600 feet in width on the Parker, situated in the Thunder Mountain Mining District, County of Idaho, State of Idaho and described by the official plat, and by the field notes on file in the U. S. Land office at Hailey, Idaho and more particularly described as follows, viz: Var. 21 degrees 30 minutes E.

Coal Pit Fraction lode. Beginning at corner No. 1 whence U. S. L. M. No. 2 Thunder Mountain Mining District, bears N. 65 degrees 11 minutes W. 6315.5 feet. Thence S. 31 degrees 31 minutes W. 574.72 feet to corner No. 2. Thence S. 47 degrees 24 minutes E. 436.49 feet to corner No. 3. Thence N. 31 degrees 31 minutes E. 574.72 feet to corner No. 4. Thence N. 47 degrees 21 minutes W. 436.49 feet to corner No. 1. the place of beginning Containing 5.632 acres.

Goldie lode. Beginning at corner No, 1 whence U. S L. M. No. 2 Thunder Mountain Mining District, bears N. 63 degrees 43 minutes 35 seconds W. 6653.80 ft. Cor. No. 4 Coal Pit Fraction lode bears S. 88 degrees 58 minutes E. 87.8 feet. Thence S. 42 degrees 48 minutes 38 seconds E. 679.48 feet to corner No, 2. Thence N. 36 degrees 46 minutes E. 574.59 feet to corner No. 3. Thence N. 57 degrees 36 minutes W. 670.20 feet to corner No. 4. Thence S. 36 degrees 46 minutes W. 400.63 feet to corner No. 1, the place of beginning. Containing 7.375 acres.

Golden Reef lode. Beginning at corner No. 1, whence U. S. L. M. No. 2 Thunder Mountain Mining District, bears N 64 degrees 02 minutes 56 seconds W. 9732.15 feet. Identical with corner. No 4 Coal Pit Fraction lode. Thence S. 31 degrees 31 minutes W. 574.72 feet to corner No. 2. Thence S. 35 degrees 25 minutes 38 seconds E. 628.78 feet to corner No 3. Thence S. 60 degrees 28 minutes E. 846.49 feet to corner No. 4. Thence N. 31 degrees 31 minutes E. 592.87 feet to corner No. 5. Thence N. 60, degrees 28 minutes W. 846.49 feet to corner No. 6. Thence N. 36 degrees 58 minutes W. 621.89 feet to corner No. 1, the place of beginning. Containing 18.821 acres.

Gravel Point lode. Beginning at earner No. 1. Identical with corner No. 2 Goldie lode and corner No 6 Golden Reef lode. Whence U. S. L. M. No. 2 Thunder Mountain Mining District, bears N. 61 degrees 49 minutes 25 seconds W. 7291.64 feet. Thence S. 58 degrees 28 minutes E. 1494.83 feet to corner No. 2. Thence N. 36 degrees 46 minutes E. 574.59 feet to corner No. 3. Thence N. 58 degrees 28 minutes W. 1491.83 feet to center No 4. Thence S. 36 degrees 46 minutes W. 574.59 feet to corner No. 1. the place of beginning. Containing 19.349 acres.

Poormans Treasure lode. Beginning at corner No 1 Identical with corner No. 5 Golden Reef lode, whence U. S. L. M. No. 2 Thunder Mountain Mining District, bears N. 61 degrees 40 minutes 56 seconds W. 8137.94 ft. Cor. No. 2 Gravel Point lode bears S. 55 degrees 51 minutes 41 seconds E 619.52 feet Thence S. 31 degrees 31 minutes W. 592.87 feet to corner No. 2. Thence S. 61 degrees 02 minutes E. 1281.72 feet to corner No. 3. Thence N. 31 degrees 31 minutes E. 592.87 feet to corner No. 4. Thence N. 64 degrees 02 minutes W. 1281.72 feet to corner No. 1, the place of beginning. Containing 16.443 acres.

Golden Treasure lode. Beginning at corner No 1 whence U. S. L. M. No. 2 Thunder Mountain Mining District bears N. 57 degrees 17 minutes 09 seconds W. 7566.71 feet. Thence S. 21 degrees 18 minutes W. 594.77 feet to corner N. 2. Thence S. 62 degrees 21 minutes 40 seconds E. 1500 feet to corner No. 3. Thence N. 21 degrees 18 minutes E. 603.70 feet to corner No. 4. Thence N. 64 degrees 02 minutes W. 939.17 feet to corner No. 5. Identical with corner No. 4 Golden Reef lode, and corner No. 2 Poormans Treasure lode. Thence N. 60 degrees 28 minutes W. 560.32 feet to corner No. 1. the place of beginning. Containing 20.132 acres.

Black Cat lode. Beginning at corner No. 1, whence U. S. L. M. No. 2 Thunder Mountain Mining District bears N. 51 degrees 11 minutes 06 seconds W, 7633.86 feet. Thence N. 55 degrees 03 minutes E. 246.82 feet to corner No. 2. Identical with corner No. 2 Golden Treasure lode. Thence S. 62 degrees 21 minutes 40 seconds E. 1500 feet to corner No. 3. Thence S. 55 degrees 03 minutes W. 246.82 feet to corner No. 4. Thence N. 62 degrees 21 minutes 40 seconds W. 1500 feet to corner No. 1, the place of beginning, Containing 7,545 acres.

Fraction lode. Beginning at corner No. 1. Identical with corner No. 3 Poormans Treasure lode, whence U. S. L. M. No. 2 Thunder Mountain Mining District bears N. 53 degrees 23 minutes 36 seconds W. 9400.95 feet. Thence S. 61 degrees 07 minutes E. 608.06 feet to corner No. 2. Thence N, 31 degrees 31 minutes N, 581 feet to corner No. 3. Identical with the S. W. corner of the Gem Fraction lode, unsurveyed. Corner No. 1 of survey No. 1967 Warren Fraction lode bears N. 39 degrees 28 minutes E. 1052.07 feet. Thence N. 61 degrees 07 minutes W. 608.06 feet to corner No. 4. Thence S. 31 degrees 31 minutes W. 581 feet to corner No. 1, the place of beginning. Containing 8.102 acres.

Equinox lode. Beginning at corner No. 1, whence U. S. L. M. No. 2 Thunder Mountain Mining District, bears N. 57 degrees 47 minutes 50 seconds W. 9071,60 feet. Thence S. 21 degrees 18 minutes W. 266.99 feet intersect corner No. 2 Roosevelt lode, 547 feet to corner No. 2. Thence S. 58 degrees 47 minutes 52 seconds E. 1134.44 feet to corner No. 3. Thence N. 21 degree 18 minutes E. 591.66 feet to corner No. 4. Thence N. 61 degrees 02 minutes W. 1127.63 feet to corner No. 1, the place of beginning. Containing 14.606 acres.

Gold Bug lode. Beginning at corner No. 1. Identical with corner No 3 Fraction lode. Whence U. S. L. M, No. 2, Thunder Mountain Mining District, bears N, 61 degrees 51 minutes 51 seconds W. 10025.99 feet. Thence S, 31 degrees 31 minutes W. 525 feet to corner No. 2. Thence S. 38 degrees 54 minutes E. 1039.74 feet to corner No. 3. Thence N. 31 degrees 31 minutes E. 525 feet to corner No, 4 Identical with the west side line angle post of the Gem Fraction mining claim. Thence N. 38 degrees 54 minutes W. 1039.74 feet to corner No. 1, the place of beginning. Containing 11.806 acres.

Roosevelt lode. Beginning at corner No. 1. Whence U. S. L. M. No. 2. Thunder Mountain Mining District, bears N. 59 degrees 09 minutes 17 seconds W. 9032.83 feet Cor.’s No’s. 3-1 Poormans Treasure and Fraction lodes, bears S. 40 degrees 21 minutes 24 seconds E. 387.91 feet. Thence S. 21 degrees 18 minutes W. 485 feet to corner No. 2. Thence S. 56 degrees 38 minutes E. 1493.00 ft. to corner No, 3. Thence N. 21 degrees 18 minutes E. 485 feet to corner No. 4. Thence N. 50 degree 38 minutes W. 1493.60 ft. to corner No. 1, the place of beginning. Containing 4.901 acres.

Parker lode. Beginning at corner No. 1, whence U. S. L. M. No 2 Thunder Mountain Mining District, bears N. 57 degrees 47 minutes 49 seconds W. 10559.04 feet. Thence S. 32 degrees 43 minutes W. 428.75 feet to corner No. 2. Thence S. 38 degrees 54 minutes E. 631.08 feet to corner No. 3. Thence N. 32 degrees 43 minutes E. 428.75 to corner No. 4. Thence N. 38 degrees 54 minutes W. 175 feet intersect corner No. 3 Gold Bug lode. 631.08 feet to corner No. 1, the place of beginning. Containing 5.898 acres. Making a total of 140.430 acres for the lode claim, and forming a portion of the unsurveyed public lands in the said Thunder Mountain Mining District, County and State of Idaho.

The name of the adjoining and conflicting claim as shown by the plat of survey is Gem Fraction. Others if any unknown. The notices of location or amended location of the several claims of this group are recorded in the Deputy Recorder’s office of Thunder Mountain Mining District as follows:

Gold Pit Fraction, volume 9, page 277; Goldie, volume 9, page 279; Golden Reef, volume 9, page 281; Gravel Point, volume 9, page 275; Poormans Treasure, volume 9, page 269; Golden Treasure, volume 9, page 283; Black Cat, volume 9, page 265; Fraction, volume 9, page 267 ; Equinox, volume 9, page 273; Gold Bug, volume 9, page 271; Roosevelt, volume 9, page 262, and Parker, volume 9, page 264.

Any and all persons claiming adversely the mining ground, vein, lode, premises or any portion thereof so described, surveyed, platted and applied for are hereby notified that unless their adverse claims are duly filed as according to law and the regulations thereunder, within the time prescribed by law, with the Register of the United States Land Office at Hailey, Idaho, they will be barred by virtue of the provisions of the United States statutes in such cases made and provided.

N. J. SHARP, Register.
First publication April 29, 1905
Last publication July 29, 1905.
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Rhodes & Kettenger have commenced work on their new building.

Hank McGiveney was in town on a business trip the first of the week.

F. B. McCann was in from his claims on Sugar creek this week.

O. M. Snyder, E. W. Whitcomb and H. G. McMillan arrived from the outside Thursday evening.

S. S. Whitaker and Fred Roesch returned Friday from a five days prospecting trip in the Dynamite creek country. They found some good looking rock.

P. M. Reuter, of the firm of McAndrews & Reuter came in yesterday evening and will remain in town for a few days.

Queeney & McGiveney have opened up their livery stable and now have both hay and grain. See their ad in this issue.

D. S. Cotter found a double cinch saddle, numbered “44” on his properly. The owner can have the same by calling on Mr. Cotter.

Joe Byars was in town yesterday and says that the weather in his section of the country has been unusually moist for the past ten days.

Sam Jones has again taken charge of the lunch counter at the Lisenby Hotel, after some months vacation, and invites his friends to call and see him.

Robt. Skinner and A. D. Almond have the contract to raise … of a building 16×24 for … (page torn) … Courtney on his lot opposite the postoffice.

We learn though Mr. Whitcomb that R. C. Schofield has been very sick at Spokane, but is now much better and will probably arrive in Roosevelt the last of this month.

S. I. Choat, who has a contract on the Gold Bullion tunnel, was in town Wednesday and reports work moving along in the usual way. It will take him some weeks yet to complete the work.

W. T. Evans arrived May 1st from Nampa, and on the 2nd assumed the management of the Robb Mercantile Co.’s store, the position having been made vacant by the resignation of T. J. Thompson.

P. McMahon leaves the first of the week for Boise where he will visit his family and purchase his seasons stock of goods. Mr. McMahon says that when he returns he will commence the erection of a new building.

While H. O. Johnson was at Salmon this winter, the girls there commented on the size of his feet. On his return to Thunder Mountain he diminished the size of one of them this week by chopping off a slice with an ax, but neglected to trim down the other foot to match.

L. A. Wayland, of the firm of L. A. Wayland & Son, will leave the first of the week with the part of their train which has wintered in this section, and will meet Nash Wayland at Dixie where some forty horse loads of general merchandise will be at once started for Roosevelt.

Mr. and Mrs. Arnold left Grangeville April 27 for Roosevelt via Dixie. Mrs. Arnold is to be the school teacher here — Mrs. Myers supplying temporarily — and she should have arrived before this but has probably been delayed on account of the depth of snow on the summits.

Jas. Le Roy and M. M. Kinsinger have rented the Queeney building next to the Log Cabin Saloon and are fitting it up for a cigar stole and restaurant. Mr. Kinsinger is to have the cigar counter and club room and Mr. Le Roy will run the chop house and restaurant. They will open up this coming week and Le Roy’s big turkey is to grace the first table.

M. F. Campbell, accountant at the Sunnyside, arrived from Nampa last Sunday. He left Roosevelt for the outside on the 11th at 2 p. m. and arrived at Knox on the 12th at 5 p. m. — the record we believe for winter traveling. He ‘phoned from Knox for material to be used on the tramway and went on to High Valley to meet the rig from Emmett in order to hasten its transportation. Mr. Campbell says the snow is all gone from Thunder City to the outside and that the roads are in good shape for freighting to that point. He believes that freight will begin to arrive here by June 1. Speaking of Nampa he said that the town already seemed to feel the life of R. W. Purdum’s administration as mayor.
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19050506Pg6-txt1headline2Henry Wax Dead.

All people of this section who are acquainted in Grangeville remember Henry Wax, one of the … (page torn) … best known merchants in that town. On his way to attend the Grand Lodge of Oddfellows to which he was a delegate, Mr. Wax met with an accident and was taken to the hospital in Portland where he died. The remains were brought back to Lewiston where the funeral took place April 19.
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19050506Pg6-txt1headline3Roosevelt Laundry Price List.

Gent’s out side shirt, 25c; under shirt, 20c; drawers, 20c.; handkerchiefs each, 5c; large turkish bath towels, 15c; barber or bar towels 50c per dozen or 5c each; socks, per pair, 10c; collars, double 25c, single 12 1/2 cts. Extra charges made for mending.
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Link to Thunder Mountain and Roosevelt index page

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