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Idaho History Feb 16, 2020

The Prospector and Thunder Mountain News April 29, 1905

courtesy Sandy McRae and Jim Collord

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The Prospector and Thunder Mountain News

Roosevelt, Idaho April 29, 1905 Volume 1 Number 20

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Hunting and Fishing Grounds of Thunder Mountain.

Many inquiries have been received concerning the Thunder Mountain country as an outing ground and in answer to these many questions we publish a brief description of the country from a sportsman’s standpoint. Is safe to say that no other section in the United States presents a more pleasing prospect for the hunter and the angler than does this section of Central Idaho within a radius of twenty-fire or thirty miles from Roosevelt, the metropolis of the district.

In the very heart of the world-famed Bitter Root Range nestles the unique town of Roosevelt with the canyon walls fairly overhanging its streets.

This little city, a mining camp in the midst of one of the world’s richest mineral deposits, is also a center of one of the finest hunting and fishing grounds to be found in any land.

Marble creek, a brook six miles east of town, empties its waters into streams that flow to the sea. The creek is literally full of brook trout from six to ten inches in length.

Salmon trout are also very plentiful; this is a beautiful fish, and one of the best ever eaten, and varies in size from 5 to 22 pounds. Then there is the Red-side trout, weighing a pound to a pound and a half — from eleven to fourteen inches in length. All of these are fresh water fish and in winter go down the creek through the Middle Fork to the Salmon, perhaps even to the Snake river.

The last of July the Steelhead Salmon appears, having completed its long journey from the sea. This is a most remarkable salt-water fish. After maturing in the Pacific Ocean till three years of age, it starts on its inland passage to spawn.

Leaving the salt water and entering the Columbia it seems to have but one instinct: to go up stream to the very limit of depth. It passes through the Columbia to the Snake river, on through the Salmon to the Middle Fork and up Marble creek even to Belleco where the waters are so shallow that the fish’s back often protrudes from the water in its struggles to overcome the inborn instinct, sometime pitiful of reaching the source of the crystal mountain stream which seems to give life and vigor for the close of its thousand mile journey. When this fish reaches the mountain streams it is in fine condition — the meat is hard and delicious. But here the spawning is begun and the fish begin to fight. The males have continued and protracted fights, and shortly after their arrival begin to be wounded in these contests which may be seen from the bank of the stream — the water is thrown into foam in these struggles and the individual fish are rendered unfit to eat; for these reasons the Steelhead is good only upon his arrival.

Few of the Steelheads ever get back to the sea. The spawn is deposited and the little myriads of their young go down the tortuous channel to the sea and after maturing the same process of nature is repeated.

All tributaries of the Middle Fork receive this school as it comes from the lower rivers — the Salmon and Snake. The Monumental creek is now debarred on account of the waters being roiled by the operations of the Dewey mill. Some fish do come up this creek but the majority turn back and go … (page torn) … streams which remain … clear.

Big creek and other streams flowing into the Middle Fork get the full benefit and in return send back their myriads of young Salmon to the sea.

We have mentioned the fish, but for the hunter there is still greater attraction. Moose, Elk, deer, mountain sheep, mountain goats and small game abound.

No moose can be killed — they are protected by law and no true sportsman will kill this “Monarch of the Glen” while its species is being propagated. The legislature this winter placed a time limit of five years in order that the moose be given time to multiply.

Some of the largest elk heards [sic] in the world are within five miles of Roosevelt. This beautiful animal, which is the most perfect of all the horned species, is to be found within a days journey of town.

Deer are very plentiful. This graceful little denizen of the forest is found on every hand. When packers go out in the morning to get the stock, it is not an uncommon occurrence to see the deer among the horses. Thousands of deer are in these mountain resorts, and roam at will over vast ranges of the finest natural deer park in the world.

Mountain sheep are getting scarce. In summer they are found on the highest and roughest crags in this rugged country. Occasionally they are brought in and heads, with horns 13 to 16 inches in diameter, are gathered every year.

Wild goats, too, are hard to get; they live in the very highest altitudes of any animal in the Northwest. For a time in spring they come down to get fresh green grass after they have been living on the (?) of the peaks, but as the grass springs up on the mountain side they climb higher and can be found only on the very tops of high ranges.

The snowshoe rabbit, so called, is the best small game in the county. The thickets are full of them and they are delicious eating.

The above mentioned constitutes all the game animals. Grouse innumerable (?) found in all the woods as there are no sheep herds here to ruin their nests. Coyotes, which generally follow sheep ranges, are scarce in this country though not unknown — stray bands are sometimes heard by the prospector in the hills.

Foxes are not uncommon but most difficult to get. The rugged nature of the country gives them ample hiding, and the hunter seldom gathers one.

Black bears and brown bears are very plentiful. They are found sometimes within a few … (page torn) … to get. J. P. Bradner, of St. Paul, shot two last summer with a six shooter. R. C. Schofield killed a very fine grizzley [sic], a year ago about thirty miles from here. The bear weighed not less than 800 pounds.

The mountain lion, the worst curse of all game destroying animals, is very plentiful. A contemptible, sneaking beast, it destroys vast numbers of deer and rabbits. The State legislature last winter established a bounty of $15.00 on each lion killed and this will lead to their destruction. For mounting or for rugs the mountain lion or cougar is a splendid specimen. They are often 12 or 14 feet from tip to tip and the skin makes a fine souvenir of the hunter’s skill. They very seldom attack man but will kill almost any wild animal of the forest.

In the issue of THE NEWS of April 15 we published a digest of the new game law of Idaho. All true sportsmen are welcome here and they will find royal sport. And by “sportsman” we mean the men who will fish and hunt according to law. That includes every man who is visiting the county; it includes every prospector in the hills. But it absolutely excludes the man who will ruthlessly slaughter the beautiful wild game of our forests. Nothing more like that will be tolerated. Public sentiment can always en-bone law and every man in Roosevelt and every miner and prospector in the hills will stand together in this matter and THE NEWS will give its assistance in bringing to justice any such vandal of the forest.
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John U. Cassel Returns From the Middle Fork.

John U. Cassell arrived the 24th from the Middle Fork where he has been spending a most enjoyable vacation. Every body soon knew Jack was in town for he is no drone, and his genial, hustling go-ahead-and-do-some-thing-way has made him one of the best known and best liked mining men in the whole Thunder Mountain country. He returns in a few days to the Greyhound Mountain district where he owns considerable property.

He speaks in most glowing terms of the Middle Fork as an outing ground; he visited at the McGiveney brothers ranch which he says is a delightful spot with its hot strings and beautiful views.

Concerning the mining outlook of the Wilson creek, the Loon creek, and the Greyhound Mountain sections, Mr. Cassell says the … (page torn) … Loon creek district where the Lost Packer mine is showing marvelous results. In the deepest workings the rock is giving returns of from $80 to $150 gold, 100 oz. silver and 30 per cent. copper.

The company has been to great expense completing the wagon road in preparation for the arrival of the smelter which is being constructed by the Colorado Fuel & Iron Company and according to the contract, will be “blown in” on or before August 15.

This is a Pyritic smelter constructed to reduce the ore to a “matte” — five tons into one.

In the sixties some $10,000,000 of placer gold was taken from Loon creek and from a strip hardly four miles in length and it still has the reputation of having produced the coarsest gold of any placer in the world.

Near the head of the creek is a large bar — containing six or seven hundred acres with the bed rock very deep — fully thirty feet — and on this ground is to be built an extensive hydraulic plant. Great results may be expected from this work.

A large amount of Denver and Salt Lake capital is invested in the Loon creek section and the future of the camp is very bright.

In the Greyhound Mountain country, a thirty or forty ton smelter will be put in this year by the Greyhound Mining & Milling Company, of which ex-governor McConnell is at the head. This same company owns the famous Greyhound and Rufus properties on which enormous ore bodies have been opened up. This is a silver-lead district and has all the “earmarks” of becoming a second Coeur d’Alenes. The development of this section has been retarded on account of the very poor transportation facilities but the O. R. & N. people have bonded the Bull Dog property and this seems to be an additional precursor of a railroad.

Mr. Cassell says there is great activity in the Wilson creak district also. It is a well known fact that this section carries very high values. The rock is all free milling. On the Wyatt & Walker claims considerable work has been done which has developed an ore chute 250 feet in length with an average width of 18 inches yielding values in an arastra of $40 per ton. Geo. W. Bruce and Angus Cameron also have a fine showing on their property.

This section of the Thunder Mounder [sic] country will receive a large amount of attention this … (page torn) … count of the fine surface showing and the remarkably high grade character of the ore.
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19050429Pg1-txt1headline1The Beaver Dam.

It is not generally known that one of the finest and most architectural beaver dams in the whole Thunder Mountain country is within a mile and a half of town. Lava creek flows into the Monumental at a right angle and the industrious beaver has built his dam across the mouth of Lava, swinging it to the right and continuing his masterpiece of nature’s civil engineering across Monumental. Days and weeks and months have been consumed in this untiring process of building, and the fine “mill pond” or reservoir would seem to justify this incessant labor prompted by the instincts of nature.
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19050429Pg1-txt1headline2At the Monte Christo.

The Monte Christo people are in high spirits. In their main tunnel, now driven 375 feet, they have struck a fine body of ore; this is the third ledge they have cut in driving this tunnel and the work is now being pushed for the main lode which should be reached within the next few days.

Pat McEwen arrived Wednesday from the mine and says that the quartz in each of the three lodes now located is fine looking rock. From the last ore found a raise is to be made to the surface.
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We mentioned last week that Dr. Jones had bought out his former partner Hunter E. Crane. See Doe’s ad in this issue.
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19050429Pg2-txt1headline1The Lewis & Clark Exposition.

Some steps should be taken toward getting a good mineral exhibit from Thunder Mountain for the Lewis & Clark Fair to be held at Portland this summer. This section is now well known all over the country and a good collection from here would be of much interest to visitors to the fair, moreover the absence of any representative ore would be a source of adverse comment and much disappointment.
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As mentioned on another page, we have frequent inquiries from people on the outside concerning the hunting and fishing grounds here. The postmaster also receives many letters of this nature, and so for the benefit of all, we have endeavored to give authentic information concerning the fish and game of this locality. Roosevelt and the surrounding country is easily accessible from outside points. The trip can be made from Boise in four days over the newly completed wagon road and … (page torn) … through and the drive is a most enjoyable one. Good roadhouse accommodations may be found each evening and there will be no shortage of feed for animals. We have endeavored to give a good list of roadhouses which may be found in the advertising columns with distances shown, and tourists will find no privation or difficulty attached to a journey into this sylvan and virgin wild, where game and fish abound and where the bluest skies and clearest mountain streams give welcome to the dusty traveler. A growing sentiment exists to preserve the game. The State law is such that any true sportsman may gather his fish and game legally and yet see the county grow richer each year in the natural increase of the finest wild game to be found in the world.
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In as much as the 4th of July, the day of all days for the good American citizen is coming, now is the time to start the ball a rolling in order that the people of the the Thunder Mountain Mining District may observe this great occasion in a fitting and substantial manner. Those who were present at our last celebration went away with that glad feeling that while there were only a few of us here, that this great day was justly commemorated and all were unanimous in the verdict that the celebration, was a grand success. Another year has almost passed around and during that time the future great gold camp has gained in population so in order to keep pace with all up-to-date camps we should by all means give a larger and, if possible, better celebration this year. By a little hustling a subscription list of $500 could be easily procured and hung up for prizes to be contested for by the people of the district and again, as in most all other mining camps, we should extend the celebration for two days. Well, here is to the 4th of July, 1905, and let us all join in and make it a celebration that will have but few equals and no superior.
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For much of the information contained in the front page article — the “Hunting and Fishing Grounds of Thunder Mountain,” we are indebted to Chas. L. Myers, one of the pioneers of this district and a very successful hunter and fisherman.
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19050429Pg2-txt1headline2What God Couldn’t Do.

In a country school district in the State of Maine, the teacher had a notoriously large mouth. At the fireside one evening where this man boarded, sat an old man and his little grandson. After gazing thoughtfully into the fire for sometime, the boy looked into the old man’s face and said “Grandpa, is there anything God can’t do?” “No, Johnnie,” was the answer. Another period of silence followed. “Grandpa,” said the boy again, “I know something God can’t do.” “Why Johnnie!” exclaimed the grand father, “what is there God can’t do?” “Well,” answered Johnnie, “He couldn’t make teacher’s mouth any bigger unless he set back his ears.”
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Subscribe for THE THUNDER MOUNTAIN NEWS.
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19050429Pg3-txt1headline1Astralia’s [sic] Largest Dam.

The dam recently finished at Barossa, near Gawler, in southern Australia, is entirely of concrete and the largest of the kind that exists in Australia, says the Scientific American.

The site of the dam was selected at a point at which one of the banks presented a nearly perpendicular cliff 98 feet high, and at which the opposite bank, of an easy slope formed a sort of spur that projected into the bed of the river.

The dam is constructed entirely of concrete without any facing of dressed stone or rubber. Nevertheless, blocks of undressed gneiss were placed in the concrete, with intervals between them of at least six inches.

At about 15 feet from the top of the dam, such blocks ceased to be employed because of the slight thickness of the dam at this part, and rows of curved rails, connected by fish plates were imbedded [sic] in the concrete. A total weight of 40 tons of rails was worked into the dam in this manner. The dam is of the curved type, presenting its convex face to the water. The upstream facing is vertical and the downstream inclined. The height is 95 feet above the old level of the river.

The thickness is but 36 feet at the base of the foundation in the thickest part and 4.5 at the top. It was possible to make the dam of such slight thickness owing to the curved form that was given it in the plan and which gives to the structure all the resisting qualities of the arch.

During the time of frosts the masonry was covered with straw matting and fire was kindled that produced much smoke at the top of the masonry, doubtless to prevent the loss of heat by radiation, in this way the newly-laid concrete was very efficiently protected against the cold.

The concrete employed in the work was always mixed with the greatest care and in small quantities at a time. The mixture was made by weight and automatically. Before the composition of the concrete for one part or another of the. dam was decided upon, experiments were always made in order to make sure of the impermeability of the material to the pressure that it had to support.
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19050429Pg3-txt1headline2Not a Fall.

“Sorry to see you get such a fall,” said the pedestrian to a man who had just had a tumble from the rear platform of a street car.

“Oh, I didn’t get no fall,” was the cheerful reply.

“But you — you tumbled off.”

“Not at all. I got into an argument with the conductor and he threw me off.”

“I see. And you take it good-naturedly.”

“Got to, old fellow. That’s the sixth car I’ve been thrown off today because I wouldn’t pay fare, and you see I’m getting used to it.”

— Chicago News.
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W. H. Courtney sold his house on Main St. Wednesday and will buy or build for his restaurant.
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19050429Pg4headlineBillions of Shoe Lace Eyes Are Used.

“Some of the apparently most trivial things in the world are the most necessary things and fortunes are made in manufacturing them.” said Ralph L. Jenkins.

Take the lace eyes of shoes, for instance. The average person never gives them a thought, but they are indispensable to our foot-wear, and there are factories that devote themselves exclusively to making them. Did you ever stop to think how many of those little things are used every year?

On the basis of the population of the United States being 80,000,000, this country uses more than 3,000,000,000 of lace eyes and hooks a year. Every man, woman and child will wear out on an average two pairs of shoes in twelve months. The majority of people have two feet and there are twenty eyes and hooks in each shoe. Use your arithmetic and see what the total is. It foots up to 2,000,000 more than 3,000,000,000.

— Milwaukee Sentinel.
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A. D. Almond this week lost a valuable Masonic pin. As he had worn it over twenty years, he regarded it as a souvenir. Mr. Almond would be much pleased if any one finding it would return it to him or leave it at the NEWS office.
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LOCALS

See the ad of the Roosevelt Laundry.

Orin Goodrich and O. W. Laing went to Copper Camp Friday morning.

O. T. Lingo, the local freighter, is delivering timbers and lagging at the Dewey.

D. S. McInerney has been quite sick. He is much better as we go to press.

Sherman S. Whitaker has left his position at the Standard for a while in order to be able to attend to his own mining interests.

Travelers arriving are made at home at Geo. D. Smith’s hotel. The table is first-class and every courtesy is extended to patrons.

J. H. Hanson has gone to the Big creek district for another drove of cattle. He will arrive about the first of the month.

The boy or girl that is mindful of others and refuses to take advantage or speak evil of anyone has name written on flowers that bloom in human hearts. — Ex.

McAndrews & Reuter, this week, received a shipment of hats and other gent’s furnishing goods. They also received for their grocery department some fine butter.

Phil Guidicy left town Thursday at 3 a. m. for the outside. He will take his train from the range and load a general freight from Boise for this town. He will arrive as soon as horses can be brought over the summits.

E. E. Myers received a letter from B. F. Francis this week stating that he should leave Boise about the first of May if the roads permitted. Mr. Francis expects to carry a larger stock of general merchandise than has ever been brought into this town in any previous year.

A letter was received from Nash Wayland on the outside addressed to his father, L. A. Wayland, saying he should start for Roosevelt on the 1st of May with his train. He will thus arrive here with some forty horses and mules loaded with general merchandise stock about the 20th of May.

The name of the town in which we live is often mispronounced even by those living here. The town was named for the present executive head of the nation and on the authority of one of the president’s kinsmen the name, which means “rose land” or “rose field,” is pronounced Rose-velt. Let’s pronounce it right.
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19050429Pg5-txt1headline2Season Approaching.

One of those little men who always like to talk tapped the big man on the shoulder.

“It’s a shame,” he began “how little a man’s life is worth in Russia.”

“Tain’t worth so much over here if you are in my business,” said the big man.

“You don’t mean it?”

“Yes, sir. I’m liable to be chased by a gang far more blood-thirsty than the Cossacks of the Nevsky prospect.”

“W-who are you?”

“Oh. I’m a baseball umpire.”

—Chicago News.
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19050429Pg5-txt1headline3Notice For Publication
Survey No. 1994 A-B

U. S. LAND OFFICE,
Hailey, Idaho, April 13, 1905.

Notice is hereby given. that in pursuance of the Act of Congress approved May 10, 1872, the Thunder Mountain Gold and Silver Mining and Milling Company, whose postoffice is Nampa, Idaho, has made application for a patent for 1475 linear feet of the Massenet lode, bearing gold and silver. The same being 143 ft. south-westerly and 1332 ft. northeasterly from discovery shaft. Together with surface ground 567.67 feet in width. Also for 809.45 linear feet of the Dewey Mill site, with surface ground 275 feet in width situate in Thunder Mountain Mining District, Idaho County. State of Idaho. and described by the official plat and by the field notes on file in the office of the Register of Hailey District. Idaho, as follows, viz: Var 21 degrees 30 minutes E.

Massenet lode. Beginning at corner No, 1 whence U. S. L. M. No. 2 Thunder Mountain District, bears N. 45 degrees 20 minutes W. 154.94 feet. Thence N. 41 degrees 27 minutes E. 1478 feet to corner No 2. Thence N. 48 degrees 33 minutes W. 567.67 feet to corner No. 3, Thence S. 41 degrees 27 minutes W. 1475 feet to corner No. 4. Thence S. 48 degrees 33 minutes E. 567.67 feet to corner No. 1, the place of beginning, containing 19.222 acres, Dewey Mill Site. Beginning at corner No. 1 identical with corner No. 1 Massenet lode, whence U. S. L. M. No. 2 Thunder Mountain Mining District bears N. 45 degrees 20 minutes W. 154.91 feet. Thence N. 41 degrees 27 minutes E. 275 feet to corner No. 2. Thence S. 36 degrees 38 minutes E. 809.45 feet to corner No. 3. Thence S. 41 degrees 27 minutes W. 275 feet to corner No. 4. Thence N. 36 degrees 38 minutes W. 809.45 feet to corner No. 1. the place of beginning, containing 5 acres, making a total of 21.222 acres for the lode and mill site, and forming a portion of the unsurveyed lands of the United States, in the said Thunder Mountain Mining District, Idaho County, State of Idaho. Names of the adjoining claims. if any, are unknown. The notice of amended location of the Massenet lode is recorded in volume 9, page 285, and the location notice of the Dewey Mill Site in volume 9, page 261 in the office of the Deputy County Recorder, at Roosevelt. Idaho.

Any and all persons claiming adversely the mining ground, vein, lode, premises or any portion thereof so described, surveyed, platted and applied for, are hereby notified that unless their adverse claims are duly filed as according to law and the regulations thereunder, within the time prescribed by law, with the Register of the United States Land Office at Halley, Idaho, they will be barred by virtue of the provisions of the United States Statutes in such cases made and provided.

N J SHARP, Register.
First publication April 29, 1905.
Last publication July 29, 1905.
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19050429Pg5-txt1headline4Notice For Publication
Dewey Group of Mining Claims
Survey No. 1988.

UNITED STATES LAND OFFICE.
Hailey, Idaho, April 13, 1905.

Notice is hereby given, that in pursuance of the Act of Congress approved May 10, 1872, Thunder Mountain Gold and Silver Mining and Milling Company. whose postoffice is Nampa, Idaho. has made an application for a patent for 436.49 linear feet on the Coal Pit Fraction lode, bearing gold and silver, the same being 146.49 feet northwesterly and 290 feet southeasterly from discovery shaft.

669.22 linear feet on the Goldie lode, bearing gold and silver. the same being 237.22 feet northwesterly, and 432 feet southeasterly from discovery cut.

1468.38-linear feet on the Golden Reef lode, bearing gold and silver, the same being 638.78 feet northwesterly, and 790 feet southeasterly from discovery cut.

1494.83 linear feet on the Gravel Point lode, bearing gold and silver, the same being 729.83 feet northwesterly, and 765 feet southeasterly from discovery cut.

1281.72 linear feet on the Poormans Treasure lode, bearing gold and silver, the same being 656.72 feet northwesterly, and 625 feet southeasterly from discovery cut.

1500 linear feet on the Golden Treasure lode; bearing gold and silver, the same being 530 feet northwesterly and 970 feet southeasterly from discovery cut.

1500 linear feet on the Black Cat lode, bearing gold and silver, the same being 1175 feet northwesterly and 325 feet southeasterly from discovery cut.

608.06 linear feet on the Fraction lode, bearing gold and silver, the same being 365 feet northwesterly and 243.06 feet southeasterly from discovery shaft.

1127.63 linear feet on the Equinox lode, bearing gold and silver, the same being 350 feet northwesterly and 777.63 feet southeasterly front discovery cut.

1039.74 linear feet on the Gold Bug lode, bearing gold and silver, the same being 670 feet northwesterly and 369.74 feet southeasterly from discovery cut.

1493.60 linear feet on the Roosevelt lode, bearing gold and silver, the same being 100 feet northwesterly and 1393.60 feet southeasterly from discovery shaft.

428.75 linear feet on the Parker lode, bearing gold and silver, the same being 100 feet northeasterly and 328.75 feet southwesterly from discovery cut thereon.

With surface ground 564 feet in width on the Coal Pit Fraction, 559 feet in width on the Goldie, 591.92 feet in width on the Golden Reef, 572.20 feet in width on the Gravel Point, 551.92 feet in width on the Poormans Treasure, 600 feet in width on the Golden Treasure, 219.10 feet in width on the Black Cat, 580.39 feet in width on the Fraction, 473.18 feet in width on the Roosevelt, 586.37 feet in width on the Equinox, 491.63 feet in width on the Gold Bug and 600 feet in width on the Parker, situated in the Thunder Mountain Mining District, County of Idaho, State of Idaho and described by the official plat, and by the field notes on file in the U. S. Land office at Hailey, Idaho and more particularly described as follows, viz: Var. 21 degrees 30 minutes E.

Coal Pit Fraction lode. Beginning at corner No. 1 whence U. S. L. M. No. 2 Thunder Mountain Mining District, bears N. 65 degrees 11 minutes W. 6315.5 feet. Thence S. 31 degrees 31 minutes W. 574.72 feet to corner No. 2. Thence S. 47 degrees 24 minutes E. 436.49 feet to corner No. 3. Thence N. 31 degrees 31 minutes E. 574.72 feet to corner No. 4. Thence N. 47 degrees 21 minutes W. 436.49 feet to corner No. 1. the place of beginning Containing 5.632 acres.

Goldie lode. Beginning at corner No, 1 whence U. S L. M. No. 2 Thunder Mountain Mining District, bears N. 63 degrees 43 minutes 35 seconds W. 6653.80 ft. Cor. No. 4 Coal Pit Fraction lode bears S. 88 degrees 58 minutes E. 87.8 feet. Thence S. 42 degrees 48 minutes 38 seconds E. 679.48 feet to corner No, 2. Thence N. 36 degrees 46 minutes E. 574.59 feet to corner No. 3. Thence N. 57 degrees 36 minutes W. 670.20 feet to corner No. 4. Thence S. 36 degrees 46 minutes W. 400.63 feet to corner No. 1, the place of beginning. Containing 7.375 acres.

Golden Reef lode. Beginning at corner No. 1, whence U. S. L. M. No. 2 Thunder Mountain Mining District, bears N 64 degrees 02 minutes 56 seconds W. 9732.15 feet. Identical with corner. No 4 Coal Pit Fraction lode. Thence S. 31 degrees 31 minutes W. 574.72 feet to corner No. 2. Thence S. 35 degrees 25 minutes 38 seconds E. 628.78 feet to corner No 3. Thence S. 60 degrees 28 minutes E. 846.49 feet to corner No. 4. Thence N. 31 degrees 31 minutes E. 592.87 feet to corner No. 5. Thence N. 60, degrees 28 minutes W. 846.49 feet to corner No. 6. Thence N. 36 degrees 58 minutes W. 621.89 feet to corner No. 1, the place of beginning. Containing 18.821 acres.

Gravel Point lode. Beginning at earner No. 1. Identical with corner No. 2 Goldie lode and corner No 6 Golden Reef lode. Whence U. S. L. M. No. 2 Thunder Mountain Mining District, bears N. 61 degrees 49 minutes 25 seconds W. 7291.64 feet. Thence S. 58 degrees 28 minutes E. 1494.83 feet to corner No. 2. Thence N. 36 degrees 46 minutes E. 574.59 feet to corner No. 3. Thence N. 58 degrees 28 minutes W. 1491.83 feet to center No 4. Thence S. 36 degrees 46 minutes W. 574.59 feet to corner No. 1. the place of beginning. Containing 19.349 acres.

Poormans Treasure lode. Beginning at corner No 1 Identical with corner No. 5 Golden Reef lode, whence U. S. L. M. No. 2 Thunder Mountain Mining District, bears N. 61 degrees 40 minutes 56 seconds W. 8137.94 ft. Cor. No. 2 Gravel Point lode bears S. 55 degrees 51 minutes 41 seconds E 619.52 feet Thence S. 31 degrees 31 minutes W. 592.87 feet to corner No. 2. Thence S. 61 degrees 02 minutes E. 1281.72 feet to corner No. 3. Thence N. 31 degrees 31 minutes E. 592.87 feet to corner No. 4. Thence N. 64 degrees 02 minutes W. 1281.72 feet to corner No. 1, the place of beginning. Containing 16.443 acres.

Golden Treasure lode. Beginning at corner No 1 whence U. S. L. M. No. 2 Thunder Mountain Mining District bears N. 57 degrees 17 minutes 09 seconds W. 7566.71 feet. Thence S. 21 degrees 18 minutes W. 594.77 feet to corner N. 2. Thence S. 62 degrees 21 minutes 40 seconds E. 1500 feet to corner No. 3. Thence N. 21 degrees 18 minutes E. 603.70 feet to corner No. 4. Thence N. 64 degrees 02 minutes W. 939.17 feet to corner No. 5. Identical with corner No. 4 Golden Reef lode, and corner No. 2 Poormans Treasure lode. Thence N. 60 degrees 28 minutes W. 560.32 feet to corner No. 1. the place of beginning. Containing 20.132 acres.

Black Cat lode. Beginning at corner No. 1, whence U. S. L. M. No. 2 Thunder Mountain Mining District bears N. 51 degrees 11 minutes 06 seconds W, 7633.86 feet. Thence N. 55 degrees 03 minutes E. 246.82 feet to corner No. 2. Identical with corner No. 2 Golden Treasure lode. Thence S. 62 degrees 21 minutes 40 seconds E. 1500 feet to corner No. 3. Thence S. 55 degrees 03 minutes W. 246.82 feet to corner No. 4. Thence N. 62 degrees 21 minutes 40 seconds W. 1500 feet to corner No. 1, the place of beginning, Containing 7,545 acres.

Fraction lode. Beginning at corner No. 1. Identical with corner No. 3 Poormans Treasure lode, whence U. S. L. M. No. 2 Thunder Mountain Mining District bears N. 53 degrees 23 minutes 36 seconds W. 9400.95 feet. Thence S. 61 degrees 07 minutes E. 608.06 feet to corner No. 2. Thence N, 31 degrees 31 minutes N, 581 feet to corner No. 3. Identical with the S. W. corner of the Gem Fraction lode, unsurveyed. Corner No. 1 of survey No. 1967 Warren Fraction lode bears N. 39 degrees 28 minutes E. 1052.07 feet. Thence N. 61 degrees 07 minutes W. 608.06 feet to corner No. 4. Thence S. 31 degrees 31 minutes W. 581 feet to corner No. 1, the place of beginning. Containing 8.102 acres.

Equinox lode. Beginning at corner No. 1, whence U. S. L. M. No. 2 Thunder Mountain Mining District, bears N. 57 degrees 47 minutes 50 seconds W. 9071,60 feet. Thence S. 21 degrees 18 minutes W. 266.99 feet intersect corner No. 2 Roosevelt lode, 547 feet to corner No. 2. Thence S. 58 degrees 47 minutes 52 seconds E. 1134.44 feet to corner No. 3. Thence N. 21 degree 18 minutes E. 591.66 feet to corner No. 4. Thence N. 61 degrees 02 minutes W. 1127.63 feet to corner No. 1, the place of beginning. Containing 14.606 acres.

Gold Bug lode. Beginning at corner No. 1. Identical with corner No 3 Fraction lode. Whence U. S. L. M, No. 2, Thunder Mountain Mining District, bears N, 61 degrees 51 minutes 51 seconds W. 10025.99 feet. Thence S, 31 degrees 31 minutes W. 525 feet to corner No. 2. Thence S. 38 degrees 54 minutes E. 1039.74 feet to corner No. 3. Thence N. 31 degrees 31 minutes E. 525 feet to corner No, 4 Identical with the west side line angle post of the Gem Fraction mining claim. Thence N. 38 degrees 54 minutes W. 1039.74 feet to corner No. 1, the place of beginning. Containing 11.806 acres.

Roosevelt lode. Beginning at corner No. 1. Whence U. S. L. M. No. 2. Thunder Mountain Mining District, bears N. 59 degrees 09 minutes 17 seconds W. 9032.83 feet Cor.’s No’s. 3-1 Poormans Treasure and Fraction lodes, bears S. 40 degrees 21 minutes 24 seconds E. 387.91 feet. Thence S. 21 degrees 18 minutes W. 485 feet to corner No. 2. Thence S. 56 degrees 38 minutes E. 1493.00 ft. to corner No, 3. Thence N. 21 degrees 18 minutes E. 485 feet to corner No. 4. Thence N. 50 degree 38 minutes W. 1493.60 ft. to corner No. 1, the place of beginning. Containing 4.901 acres.

Parker lode. Beginning at corner No. 1, whence U. S. L. M. No 2 Thunder Mountain Mining District, bears N. 57 degrees 47 minutes 49 seconds W. 10559.04 feet. Thence S. 32 degrees 43 minutes W. 428.75 feet to corner No. 2. Thence S. 38 degrees 54 minutes E. 631.08 feet to corner No. 3. Thence N. 32 degrees 43 minutes E. 428.75 to corner No. 4. Thence N. 38 degrees 54 minutes W. 175 feet intersect corner No. 3 Gold Bug lode. 631.08 feet to corner No. 1, the place of beginning. Containing 5.898 acres. Making a total of 140.430 acres for the lode claim, and forming a portion of the unsurveyed public lands in the said Thunder Mountain Mining District, County and State of Idaho.

The name of the adjoining and conflicting claim as shown by the plat of survey is Gem Fraction. Others if any unknown. The notices of location or amended location of the several claims of this group are recorded in the Deputy Recorder’s office of Thunder Mountain Mining District as follows:

Gold Pit Fraction, volume 9, page 277; Goldie, volume 9, page 279; Golden Reef, volume 9, page 281; Gravel Point, volume 9, page 275; Poormans Treasure, volume 9, page 269; Golden Treasure, volume 9, page 283; Black Cat, volume 9, page 265; Fraction, volume 9, page 267 ; Equinox, volume 9, page 273; Gold Bug, volume 9, page 271; Roosevelt, volume 9, page 262, and Parker, volume 9, page 264.

Any and all persons claiming adversely the mining ground, vein, lode, premises or any portion thereof so described, surveyed, platted and applied for are hereby notified that unless their adverse claims are duly filed as according to law and the regulations thereunder, within the time prescribed by law, with the Register of the United States Land Office at Hailey, Idaho, they will be barred by virtue of the provisions of the United States statutes in such cases made and provided.

N. J. SHARP, Register.
First publication April 29, 1905
Last publication July 29, 1905.
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19050429Pg6-txt1headline1Thunder Mountain Brown Returns.

D. J. Brown — “Thunder Mountain Brown” — arrived this week from the Yellow Pine Basin. After speaking of the townsite which nature has provided in this beautiful yellow pine valley, Mr. Brown said he was astonished at the growth of Roosevelt, where on every hand the activity and life of the camp is in evidence.

It re called to him the early days, when the Caswell boys were washing out their first placer which led to the investment of Col. W. H. Dewey — the pioneer venture, which has made Thunder Mountain.

Mr. Brown says that the Yellow Pine country is looking well. He has just finished cutting a four foot ledge of well defined quartz on East Fork of the Salmon, six miles above the Yellow Pine Basin proper. This lode pans some free gold but is mostly base in values.

Thomas Ryan has just struck a big ledge of gold ore on the divide between Tamarac [sic] and Divide creeks. This is about five miles above the property which Mr. Brown has, and is base ore which averages $20 per ton by assays.

Mr. Brown’s theory of the placer outlook at Yellow Pine Basin is somewhat interesting. He believes that were a bed rock flume or drain run from the main Johnson creek one mile below the Basin proper, thus enabling the exposure of the real bedrock in the Basin, that a valuable placer deposit would be found.
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19050429Pg6-txt1headline2Wm. Queeney Arrives From Salmon City.

Wm. Queeney arrived on the 25th from a trip to the Salmon country where he went to secure cattle for next fall’s killing for his company — Queeney & McGiveney. He secured a large number of first-class stock which will be driven in during the last of the summer. Mr. McGiveney himself will arrive in town about the first of the month with a train load of hay and grain for their livery and feed barn.

Mr. Queeney says that I. N. Hibbs, superintendent of the Rainbow Mining & Milling Co., will soon arrive and that the property of the company on Botha creek will probably he extensively worked this summer. Mr. Queeney himself was over the ground Friday, and he says there is a good surface showing. Two men commence work this morning.

Two men will arrive within the next week who have in mind a sawmill plant and if they are able to secure a good timber site within a few miles of town we may look for a good sawmill within the next few months — one that will turn out first-class boards and dimension lumber.

Mr. Queeney, in common with all our citizens who stray away from home, is glad to get back to Roosevelt which he says is the most wide awake town he has seen on his trip.
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Mr. Spears, of the Spears American Exchange, Geo Holleren the general manager, and Geo. Bruce are expected the first of next week.
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Chas. J. Perkins, well known here, is reported to have arrived at Boise on his way to Thunder Mountain.
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19050429Pg6-txt1headline3More Arrivals.

Henry Kinsinger and Dave Sillivan arrived from Boise this noon having made a quick trip. Mr. Kinsinger says the mail is scattered along the road and that little effort is being made to get it in. The mail service here this winter has been abominable — it might be nearer the truth to prefix that adjective with a big damn.

Mr. Kinsinger says that Bert Ailport’s contract is completed and that a new contract is let to Al. Austin of Boise, who has a livery barn there with plenty of stock so that the prospect of a better service seems bright — each change we have had this winter has been hailed with joy only to be turned into disappointment as the mail service has continued to be absolutely wretched.

If the department at Washington would make the fines for nondelivery so high as to make it absolutely imperative to get the mail here, then the cheap bidding would cease and a price would be paid that would insure the arrival of the mail on time and its consequent departure on time. Such service as we have had is exasperating and the government contractors have apparently had no thought or desire to give a decent mail service.
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19050429Pg6-txt1headline4Great Strike at Monte Christo.

The following letter received today from Bert Ethier, E. M., seems to confirm the reports of the strike just made at the Monte Christo:

EDITOR NEWS: –

A strike that will play a great part in the future mining operations in this country was made at the Monte Christo on the 26th of this month, the crosscut tunnel having intersected the main vein at a distance of 375 feet and at a depth of 125 feet from the surface. The vein pitch is 70 degrees making the depth on the vein 170 feet. At the present time the full width of the vein is not known but five feet has been crosscut and that amount of work shows a well defined body of ore that evidently carries as good if not hatter values than are exposed on the surface works.

The ore is a silver carbonate containing gold values. This strike places the Monte Christo mine on the side of the bread winners.

– BERT ETHIER.
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19050429Pg6-txt1headline5Notice.

All parties knowing themselves to be indebted to me at the Lisenby Lunch Counter are kindly requested to call and settle with Mr. Lisenby, who will have charge of the accounts and oblige.

– W. W. MATHENY.
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Idaho History Feb 9, 2020

The Prospector and Thunder Mountain News April 22, 1905

courtesy Sandy McRae and Jim Collord

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The Prospector and Thunder Mountain News

Roosevelt, Idaho April 22, 1905 Volume 1 Number 19

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Yellow Pine Basin – Its Timber And Mineral Resources
Great Possibilities Of The District

Yellow Pine Basin is the land of romance since the early sixties, and in ’84 the scene of Bill Southerland’s wonderful trip to save the lives of his scurvey [sic] stricken pardners, which occurrance [sic] gave Capt. H. G. Catilen the incident on which his story, “Yellow Pine Basin” is written.

From the nature of the mining developments of the present winter, will the coming summer be the mecca of a great number of people from the outside, and the scene of a number of mining enterprises. This basin is situated on the East Fork of the South Fork of Salmon river at the mouth of Johnson creek, eleven miles below the Johnson creek bridge on the Thunder Mountain wagon road. This Basin contains about 3,000 acres of level land covered with one of the finest growths of yellow pine timber in the interior of Idaho. The elevation is 4,300 feet at the Werden-[hoff?] … (page torn) … creek, Parks creek, Reardon creek, and Johnson creek mines are situated within a radius of ten miles of the Basin proper, and of a necessity from the nature of the ores and contour of the country they will make the Basin the place where a town is sure to grow in the next few years.

In describing the mines of this section, I will say that the Quartz and Johnson creek mines are located on an exfoliated dyke of porphyries, andicites and altered granite, running north and south, with a slight general trend eastward. Nearly all of this dyke contains slight values in gold, silver, copper and lead, while in it occur lenzes of quartz and quartz-schists in which the values are good. Country rock a nonmicatious granite.

My last three years’ experience on a number of properties in the district lead me to believe that the free values are confined to the oxidized surface of the veins and are not a permanent factor in the mining industry of this part of Idaho. So far nothing has been encountered in the ores to interfere with cyanidation, and that, or some kindred process will be the one used in extracting the precious metals from these ores.

Evidences of this dyke are found from the head of the Buck creek branch of Johnson creek on the south, to the head of Quartz creek on the north, a distance of 17 or 18 miles. Johnson and Quartz creek canyons are caused by the faulting of the granite along a plane of least resistance, and the fault filled with the above named ejecta.

I will now say that paralleling this horizon at a distance of 9 or 10 miles the Reardon and Indian creek ridge horizon occurs. The geological phenomena of this zone is possibly coincident with that of Thunder Mountain proper, being one of the numerous extensions of the same. The ore veins are found in porphries, andicites, schists, and kindred rocks. This horizon, as so far proved, extends a distance of 11 miles north and south along Indian creek ridge, Reardon creek summit, and Trappers Flat. Between these two main geological factors, and on the outside of the same for some distance, veins carrying ores containing good values are found. This region comprising an area 20 miles square presents one of the greatest mining possibilities of our State, and one destined to be a wealth producer for a great number of years, when worked.

I will now mention … (page torn) … taking place in this section. In Yellow Pine Basin the two Van Meter brothers are placering rim and making good wages. On Parks creek, Jessie Jackman and John Carson have driven 200 feet of levels on their respective properties this winter; in the Jackman tunnel from two to three feet of ore is in sight that assays from $5 to $20 in gold, while the showing on the Carson property is equally as good.

Late last fall A. C. Behne disposed of four claims to N. Y. parties and has had two men at work on one of these claims this winter. They are developing through a cross-cut tunnel which intersected the vein at a depth of 50 feet showing it to be at this point six feet in width, sampling, for this distance in the neighborhood of $8 in gold per ton.

The 500 foot cross-cut tunnel at the Sunshine intersected the first vein about a month ago with gratifying results, it proving its self to be three feet wide where struck. But as the tunnel is primarily run for the big vein distant about 150 feet from the one already cut, the work is being pushed ahead to that point. Assays from this ground run as high as $45 in gold, some of which is free. The ore is a massive quartz filled with yellow iron sulphides.

Adjoining the Sunshine on the north, is the ground held by the Johnson Creek Mining Company; operations were suspended on this property last fall to await the results of the work done on the Sunshine tunnel, both of these companies being under the management of the same eastern people. This spring work will be pushed on the Johnson Creek Company’s claims with new vigor. Mr. George B. (Hol-?) … (page torn) two properties.

At the Diffany claims on Buck creek, a number of men will be put to work as soon as supplies can be got on the ground; these claims are under the management of Chas. A. Werdenhoff, and the money is fourthcoming [sic] to do a lot of work this summer. The ores here average $6 gold and 9 oz. silver, and are found on the south side of a large porphyry dyke.

Work is to be resumed on the Golden Gate shortly. The last work done showed ore shutes [sic] that assayed well.

The Black Foot Company’s ground at the head of Quartz creek, on Cleveland Summit, has been closed down the present winter but work is to be re-commenced about the middle of May. Some of the assays from this property give exceptional values.

I will now mention some of the prospects that show up well. On the Van Welch claims about 100 feet of work has been done; one tunnel about 50 feet long has 7 feet of ore in sight that samples $7 gold and 18 ounces of silver, while open cuts on the surface show this ore body in place for four or five hundred feet in length. Sam Gillam’s claims show ores of the same character. Kit, Dick and Charlie Chitwood have eleven claims at this point on which they have driven 350 feet of tunnel. A hundred-foot tunnel shows the vein to be from 3 to 8 feet in width, averaging $10 gold. Al. Behne, Charlie Werdenhoff, Geo. Abstine, Al. Hennessy and Clark Rowland are individual owners of claims on this creek that look all right.

I will now take up the Trapper’s Flat, Indian creek ridge, and Reardon creek parts of the Yellow Pine Basin district. At Black Lake, Allison and Blackburn(?) sunk a 30 foot … (page torn) … The Reliance group this winter, showing up an 8 foot vein, assays from which run $8 to $122 gold, a great deal of which is free. At the Monte Christo, the long cross-cut tunnel has intersected two veins that do not show on the surface. Assays from these veins run from $5 to $10 gold. The Monte Christo is on the same vein as the Reliance and is managed by the Spear’s American Exchange, Mans L. Coffin superintendent; a mill will be placed on this property soon.

On Cooper Mountain, Cooper and Hood have a splendid showing of $20 gold ore on the Minnie claim. This property is attracting a good deal of attention. Perry Watson and Joe Gardner own two claims three miles northeast of the Minnie, from which they get $4 to $16 assays. This vein is well defined and from two to seven feet wide where opened up.

Last fall, Baxter the packer, did quite a lot of work on his claims. A shaft sunk along side of the wagon road shows the vein to be in place, and from two to five feet in width. The ore looks to be of good grade. W. J. Burke has an excellent showing on his ground near the Trapper’s flat road house. The Snow ground will be developed extensively this spring.

A number of claims have been located in the Yellow Pine Basin country by people from the outside during the last two years. On this property little or no work has been done. To retain these holdings, assessment work will have to be done this year. This work of itself will prove some of the claims to be good ones.

– BERT ETHIER, E. M.
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19050422Pg1photo
Mountain Scene in Idaho County.
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19050422Pg1-txt1headline1A Mute Messenger.

(page torn) … to our desk one day this week. It was a small bullet encased in a piece of wood from a block a foot in diameter. A. D. Almond while splitting some kindling for his evening fire cut the bullet in two. It had pierced the tree about six inches some time in the long ago — so long ago that the wood had grown around it and entirely obliterated the track it ploughed when it entered the tree. The log came from the house of Sam Bell which fell to ruin some two years ago, and the log was doubtless from a dead tree when it was put into the building; so it may have been embeded [sic] for half a century. It brings to mind stories of the outlawed Sheepeater Indians when they first sought these mountain fastnesses.
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19050422Pg1-txt1headline2Lost Mines.

By far the greater number of the stories relative to lost mines are figments of the imagination. The Lost Cabin, Lost Squaw, Gunsight, Nigger Ben and Pegleg traditions are so firmly welded into current literature in mining that we do not believe that they will ever be completely discredited as myths. They should be classed with sailor’s yarns. We firmly believe that the stories were in most cases invented to pass away an idle hour. Passing from mouth to mouth they have come to be believed. Personally we would not waste five minutes’ time, nor a dollar, to investigate.

– Mining Reporter.
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J. A. Herron came up from the Middle Fork of the Salmon this week and he and O. W. Laing are on a prospecting trip.
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19050422Pg2-txt1headline1The Yellow Pine Basin.

We publish this week an article by Bert Ethier, E. M., on the great Yellow Pine Basin country. This will be interesting to our readers as Mr. Ethier’s statements are reliable and we believe this is the first sweeping account ever published of that great district. The development work there has never been extensive and just what the future will bring forth is still necessarily a matter of conjecture, but we have firm faith that the district will give a good account of itself. It has many natural advantages besides its mineral wealth and is really tributary to the great Thunder Mountain district.
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19050422Pg2-txt1headline2In the Sunny South.

It has been feared by some northern people that the President would not receive a cordial welcome on his trip through the South. Such an idea was never advanced by any one well acquainted with the real temperament of the southern people. It is … misunderstandings have … (page torn) to of the southerner is as quick to right a wrong as to resent a grievance. No chief executive ever received a more enthusiastic ovation than Mr. Roosevelt on his southern trip through Kentucky, Missouri and Texas.
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19050422Pg2-txt1headline3H. O. Johnson Arrives From Salmon City.

H. O. Johnson, who has been spending the winter at Salmon City arrived in town Friday. Mr. Johnson says that those on the outside are just awakening to the marvelous resources of Thunder Mountain. The people of Salmon City say they must and shall have a wagon road through to this town of Roosevelt and that too light away.

Peter McKinney, our well known and popular meat man, leaves for Roosevelt with a herd of cattle and will arrive here about May 10.

Newton Hibbs is expected to arrive with Mr. McKinney. Mr. Hibbs will at once assume charge of the Rainbow Gold Mining Co.’s property and extensive operations will be carried on this summer.

Mr. Johnson is to drive a 200 foot tunnel on his property on Cornish creek and he has engaged O. T. Lingo to freight his supplies and equipment to the mine where work will be commenced immediately. Mr. Johnson says that the prospects for the Butte-Boise railroad via Salmon are very bright and when that road goes through that Salmon will be the headquarters for the Thunder Mountain country. The distance is 120 miles and but seventy miles of road remains to be built. This route would extend down Marble creek, down Middle Fork to the month of Camas creek, up Camas creek to Three Forks, and up Silver creek to the Lingiser wagon road which leads to Salmon.

Mr. Johnson is glad to get back to Roosevelt and we are glad to see him. He is an old-timer here, well and favorably known.
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Locals Continued.

Subscribe for THE THUNDER MOUNTAIN NEWS.

School will commence Monday at the Fairview building. Mrs. Arnold, the teacher, is expected daily.

The snow is all gone in town and every one is busy getting ready for the coming summer which will be a strenuous one.

Frank Gorman is budding a dwelling house on the rear of his lot on Main Street. The house will be 15×17 feet in the clear.

Miners are continually arriving, looking for work. They will have no difficulty in getting employment as the demand for workmen will doubtless exceed the supply as it did last year.
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The Thunder Mountain News.
SATURDAY, APRIL 22, 1905.
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19050422Pg3-txt1headline1How Jap Servants Leave.

No Japanese servant is so wanting in good breeding as to give direct notice to her mistress, says the Boston Traveler. Nothing is direct in Japan, for their language does not contain the word “no.” When a servant wishes to leave she asks to visit a sick relative. When the date for her returning arrives, a magnificently worded apology is sent saying that the relative is dead, and that she cannot be spared from her home, or something of the kind. When a servant is rebuked or scolded he must smile like a Chinese cat.

Truth for truth’s sake is unknown in Japanese commerce. If you transact business with a Japanese and trust implicitly to his honor, he will think you such a fool that you deserve to be robbed, and rob you he will. The Chinaman’s word is as good as a check. The Japanese’s word is a mere compliment. The reason for this discreditable state of things is sought in the social history of the nation, which has left trade traditionally to the riffraff.

Their poverty is the excuse the Japanese shopkeepers make for themselves. Their low caste is the excuse make for them by their apologists. In the Japanese social scale the merchant is the lowest, except the outcast or scavenger class, called eta. In the old feudal days the nobles and their establishments of samurai did not buy things at shops. Manufacturers and artificers of all sorts formed part of their establishment. Tradesmen had no customers worth having, and, therefore, only a very low class cared to go into trade.

The elder statesman whom we know in these last few months to be the real rulers of Japan, who have been pulling the wires in secret ever since the Revolution, are much disturbed at the debauch of Japanese trade reputation in the eyes of the world, and there are signs that when the war is over they will take the matter in hand. For the present, we are confronted with the spectacle that, although the Japanese government is the most correct of any of the great powers in observing international obligations, the Japanese individual is at the other end of the scale.
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19050422Pg3-txt1headline2Pillsbury Made Insane Effort to Kill Himself.

Harry N. Pillsbury, champion chess player of America, recently made a desperate effort to plunge from a window in the fourth story of the Presbyterian hospital. He had been suffering from an internal malady and went to the hospital to be operated on.

Pillsbury left his room during the temporary absence of his nurse. He was a wild figure in dishabille, making violent gestures, loudly calling off chess moves and discussing the game in insane fashion to himself. He walked down the hallway to a woman patient’s room, and dashed in. She screamed and her attendant and Pillsbury’s male nurse rushed into the ward.

They led Pillsbury back to his room. Here the patient became more violent and made a rush for the window, which he shattered in his effort to plunge to the street. A woman nurse seized him by the legs, but Pillsbury kicked her to the floor. Two other nurses, a doctor and an orderly arrived at this juncture. Pillsbury gave his captors the struggle of their lives, all the time raving about chess and screaming orders to make certain moves. He was finally overcome and sedatives were applied to quiet him.

-Pittsburg Gazette.

link: Wikipedia Harry Nelson Pillsbury
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19050422Pg4headline1
Great Thunder Mountain Mining Man Elected Mayor of Nampa.

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R. W. Purdum was elected mayor of Nampa April 4th by a large majority. Of the 715 votes cast, Mr. Purdum received 475. He is a Republican in politics, but party lines were entirely obliterated; the great personal popularity of the man gave him his splendid majority. So much is Mr. Purdum liked in his home town of Nampa that even those who voted against him feel no disappointment in his election.

Naturally, the citizens of Roosevelt feel much pleased at his triumph, for they claim Mr. Purdum. He is general manager of the great Sunnyside mine; he, and Superintendent E. L. Abbott who has worked in perfect harmony with him, have made the mine which means so much, not alone to Roosevelt, but to the whole State of Idaho as its future production of bullion will prove. A weaker man would have lacked the courage to expend nearly $1,000,000 as R. W. Purdum has done in developing a mine and acquiring 740 acres of ore blanket; the body of ore now blocked out and worth millions of dollars justifies the operations which would have overwhelmed a man of less confidence, ability and financial backing.

Mr. Purdum is a friend to the town of Roosevelt. Last year when the question of building the road to the different mines on Thunder Mountain proper came up and the idea was advanced to branch south of Roosevelt on account of the lesser grade, thus cutting out the flourishing town already begun, Mr. Purdum stood with the other big mining men here, saying: “Let’s have one good town in Thunder Mountain; Roosevelt is started, its location is good and let’s give it a boost and have a city of which we can be proud. The road must go through the town and up Mule creek.” The result is that Roosevelt has become the metropolis of the district and will doubtless remain such.

The two men who believed in Thunder Mountain, believed in their city of Nampa, believed in their State of Idaho – believed in them, worked for them, and were proud of them first, last and at all times were Col. W. H. Dewey and R. W Purdum. Col. Dewey is dead and his monument is the Dewey mine, but Mr. Purdum is in the prime of his life and his usefulness to his State is but just begun. Accept our congratulations.
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19050422Pg4headline2Idaho’s Town Officer’s.

The results of the municipal elections which were held all over Idaho on April 4 are somewhat interesting. Boise and Lewiston are the only towns of any size in the state which did not elect municipal officers — they having special charters. As we go to press we learn of but two towns in the whole state where the officials were elected by strict party vote.

Macky voted for Sunday closing of saloons, or at least elected trustees in favor of closing.

This independent voting all over the State is an encouraging sign of the times. It is not limited to Idaho, but seems to be taking place all over the country as evidenced in the last national election, and well illustrated in Massachusetts where Roosevelt was given a tremendous majority but W. L. Douglas, the democratic candidate for governor, elected by one of the heaviest pluralities ever given any gubernational [sic] candidate in the Bay State.
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The Mountain Flower.

I sought a cabin near Thunder Mount
Where a miner’s child lay dying;
We could not find a priest to count
The beads, for heaven’s portals plying.

I tried to whisper that weird old tale
That still hangs on the crucifix,
But her eyes seemed e’er to pierce the veil
That floats on fabled river Styx.

She was like to the “Prairie Flower” —
The pure soul of that cabin home.
And when she died, we thought the hour
For the end of all things had come.

She seemed to harken to yonder’ shore
As her soul prepared for its flight,
But ever her gaze reached out before —
Beyond the circle of bear oil light.

And what did she see in that last view —
Need’st shrink from curse the universe broad?
Hell itself gasps at such fiendish brew;
You dare not thus blaspheme your God.

Her soul was calm as an oil-laid sea
And her smile spoke faith and hope;
Whatever her future fate may be
She surely saw in that last scope.

I strove to witness that pure soul soar
And to note its eternal fate
But dimly heard echo of distant oar,
Saw a gleam of an unbarred gate.

She never knew that the Christ had died,
And she never had heard of hell,
But calmly crossed to the other side.
And who dare say all is not well?

We blasted deep ‘neath a towering ledge,
Where sunshine bright the shadow courts
Just in the evergreen forest’s edge,
A sparkling tomb in golden quartz.

Oh sweet be your sleep my lovely one,
On this alter of soul’s tears made!
And wait the wakening time to come
When the demon of Death is paid.

– Wm PENN IRLAND.
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Locals

H. J Hanson has gone to the McGiveney ranch on Middle Fork of Salmon for cattle.

Chas. McLaughlin and D. S. McInerney are doing some fine work on L. A. Wayland & Son’s building.

Dr. C. T. Jones has bought out his partner, Hunter E. Crane and will in future conduct the business alone. Mr. Crane will remain in town.

Mr. Campbell, accountant at the Sunnyside mine, is making a short visit at Nampa. Several men at the mine are temporarily on the sick list.

S. I. Choat and Bert Ethier left Friday for Indian creek where they are to do some work on their property there. From that point Mr. Ethier will go on to Yellow Pine Basin.

Mr. McAndrews has been looking for his partner, Mr. Reuter for some weeks. He has lately learned the cause of the delay. There is a young lady at Knox — we don’t mention any names — but Mr. McAndrews thinks the Belles may ring.

The showing in the shaft at the H. Y. is looking better this week, the ground is more oxidized and Supt. Whitlock has good hopes that the blanket ore will be struck at that point. The rock is also improving in appearance in the Polo Duro tunnel.

Charlie Myers arrived from the Middle Fork Tuesday with his three horses and immediately turned them on the range below town. He says it is summer on the Middle Fork; the grass is green and flowers are in bloom. Stock there is looking fine.

Bert Ailport arrived Wednesday with the mail. Coming down Southwest Fork of Monumental creek, he was endeavoring to remove a large log from the road when he was caught by one end and quite severely hurt. He left with the outward bound mail Saturday morning.

Clark Rowland, a veteran mountaineer and miner, died at Meadows April 9th, says the Statesman. Mr. Rowland, mentioned in Bert Ethier’s article this week as a property owner in Yellow Pine Basin, was well known here in Roosevelt. He was here in the early days of the camp and located property here.

Frank Hutchison received an assay certificate Wednesday night from J. McVicker’s assay office showing trace of silver and $8.44 in gold per ton. This is from his property on south side of Divide creek near its mouth. He is cross cutting the ledge and is in about fifteen feet and has not yet got the hanging wall.
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The Great Blanket Ore Deposit of Thunder Mountain

[The following article was first published July 6, 1902, in the Salt Lake Telegram and republished in the Salt Lake Mining Review July 30, 1904. Its chief value lies in the fact that the prophesy made by Samuel F. Hunt at that time — a prophecy founded on careful investigation — has proven true. At the time of the first appearance it did not meet with the approval of many good mining men here in the district. — Editor.]

Quite a little discussion has gone on among miners and prospectors regarding the nature of the Thunder Mountain ore deposits. The boom literature of the newspapers have it a volcanic condition similar to Cripple creek; and all shades of opinion are expressed pro and con about it in camp. The truth of it is that the volcanic rock so prevalent about the mines have disguised the real nature of the deposits to even very acute and competent mining men.

Having had three months time to study the surrounding conditions and examine into the nature of the ores and the mode of occurrence at many different points, I believe there should be no longer any disagreement regarding the matter and conditions prevalent, and with this make a statement of the facts in the case, which the exploitation of the mines up to the present time have proven. As a new arrival, about the first thing you are told about and shown are the great pieces of charcoal and petrified wood that are found right in the ore. I have seen, many feet under solid strata, eighteen inches of charcoal that will burn in an open fire, and run five dollars per ton in gold.

Now, the most of the ores are of a dark earthy and talcose material, mottled and mixed with sand and gravel and wash worn boulders as large as a cocoanut [sic]. The dark coloring is derived from the presence of carbonaceous material of a lignitic nature, containing many leaf impressions. The floor of the deposit is diorite; the hanging wall is rhyolite which resembles quartzite in appearance; there are two hundred and fifty feet of alternating layers of dark and light colored rhyolites capped with coarse wash worn conglomerate and soft carbonaceous shales that overlie the rhyolites and the ore.

The ore deposits lie in almost horizontal positions. These sediments have been much altered and buried in most places, first by a flow of tuffaceous material or geyser mud and lastly by a basalt capping burying them from sight in many places. What are now the ore deposits, was a marginal sea or lake deposit of the Tertiary age and was primarily a placer bed; but the out-flowing of rhyolites over these sediments forming the immediate cover of the ore deposits has brought about a secondary enrichment of the bed.

Thermal waters were apparently the vehicle that transported the gold which was one of the constituent metals of the rhyolitic magma, downward and laterally through the sediments until brought to the impervious diorite floor, was arrested, making the detrital accumulation above a zone of saturation. The gold, evidently carried in a solution of iron sulphate, was precipitated as sulphide by the organic material present. The deposit then is a blanket; but it has not an exact horizontal position; the reason being that the district has been subjected to recent orographic changes which have tilted the sediments into undulating folds. The backs of the anticlines were more easily eroded and have been removed. The synclines having been more or less compressed and capped by subsequent igneous ejecta, have withstood the ceaseless action of Time’s denudating agents and remain in patches capping the high hills.

There are three of these patches in the district; one on Thunder Mountain with an areal extent of about five square miles. It is in the form of an irregular ellipse, about five miles in length and from one-half to two miles in width.

The next in importance is four miles east of Thunder Mountain on Lookout Peak and covers many more square wiles. Another patch on Rainbow Peak, five miles west of Thunder Mountain, the area of which has not been determined.

There may be a forth development of these formations on the divide between Monumental and Rush creeks ten or fifteen miles north of the Dewey mine.

There is in all probability fifteen or twenty square miles of mining, ground on this fossilized, lava capped, secondarily enriched placer, in the district. Should it prove with further development to be as rich as the famous Dewey mine, it will supply an enormous tonnage for many years to come.

This form of ore deposit is not a singular or unheard of occurrence; it has not upset the philosophy of the mine expert, nor brought out a “new thing.” In fact these pre-quarteranry placers were the first mines discovered in the State of Idaho forty-two years ago, and that too, in this county.

Florence and Warren both are similar occurrences; but were worked out as placers. It is certain that the gold of these camps was deposited on what is now the high hills, before the canyon of the Salmon river, a gorge that is five thousand feet deep, had begun to wear down; and what appear to be isolated patches now, are remnants left here and there of a gold placer that at one time covered an area of thirteen hundred square miles.

In the interior of Idaho now, are many different places dotted over a territory one hundred and fifty miles long, east and west, by seventy-five miles wide, north and south, that manifest similar conditions present at Thunder Mountain; and it is more than likely that a part of this is the richest unprospected field in the West.

SAMUEL F. HUNT.
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Idaho History Feb 2, 2020

The Prospector and Thunder Mountain News April 15, 1905

courtesy Sandy McRae and Jim Collord

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The Prospector and Thunder Mountain News

Roosevelt, Idaho April 15, 1905 Volume 1 Number 18

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Thunder Mountain Mines
Progress and Development for the Past Week.

19050415Pg1-txt1headline1The H.Y. -Climax.

At the H. Y. -Climax the new shaft is down about 20 feet; no new developments have taken place but the work will be continued.
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19050415Pg1-txt1headline2Machinery for Roosevelt.

Two car loads of machinery have arrived in Boise says the Statesman, bound for Thunder Mountain. The shipment embraces an Ellspass mill complete. The company for which the shipment is intended has not yet made its plans public.
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19050415Pg1-txt1headline3The Standard

The Burley tunnel at the Standard mine is now driven 260 feet. The rock is now solid requiring no further timbering and the Great Terrett Lode should be cut within … (page torn) tunnel the drift on the lode is in 75 ft. and 65 feet from the beginning of the drift a crosscut of the lode is being made. At this point the lode swerved slightly to the west but is coming back to its former direction. On the foot wall of the lode a drift was started south from the Elk tunnel Tuesday morning.
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19050415Pg1-txt1headline420th Century

Thirty-one men are on the payroll of the 20th Century Mining & Power Co. and the force is being constantly increased. Work is being pushed on the Central, the Toltac and the Blue Point tunnels.

A. A. Lyden, who is an experienced charcoal burner, has been given a contract to burn 2000 bushels.

The saw-mill, which was started and running smoothly last week, has been obliged to shut down for two or three days on account of an accident. A block of wood passed through the grizzlies and stripped the bevel geared wheel of cogs. The damage can easily be repaired however and sawing will soon proceed.
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19050415Pg1-txt1headline5The Sunnyside.

Work is being pushed at the Sunnyside in preparation for the starting of the mill which will occur in a few days. The tramway is nearly ready, the crusher is being put in place, and the main stope is laid out so that the large number of miners required to furnish the ore may work to advantage. In the Bur Oak tunnel the raise to the blanket is progressing well.

A fine station has been built at the foot of the raise which is underground over 1800 feet. Cars are run under the ore compartments and iron slide doors, opened and closed with levers and worked with perfect case, allow the rock to fill the cars and shut off the discharge at the will of the operator.
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19050415Pg1-txt1headline6Reardon Creek.

On March 11, THE NEWS called attention to the work being done on Reardon Creek by the owners of the Reliance and Helen Gould groups, eight claims in all. The owners are Frank S. Allison, Lester H. Busby and Richard R. Blackburn. Mr. Busby has just returned from the property and may well feel delighted with its showing. A representative of THE NEWS was allowed to pan some of the rock which was brought in and the prospect was … (page torn) group, where the work is now being done, is about three-fourths of a mile from the summit south of Diamond’s road house.

A well defined lode of quartz runs through the property, and in one place is so situated that by running a tunnel diagonally to the vein the ore will be reached in about 45 feet at a depth of 150 feet. The work is already begun on this tunnel. The surface rock is a white oxidized quartz and seems to be entirely free. Mr. Busby and his partners have great faith in this ground and firmly believe they have a valuable mine.
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19050415Pg1-txt1headline7Prospective Sale.

Frank B. McCann and Lester H. Busby have made a conditional sale of their property on the east side of Sugar creek about two miles from Rainbow Summit. Capitalists from the East have an option on the group till July 15 for $50,000. A tunnel 65 feet in length has been run and the showing is good. The lode which is of porphyry is 45 feet in width and has both walls of granite well defined.

As the sale depends only upon the verification of the representations made by Mr. McCann and Mr. Busby, it is safe to say that the deal will go through all right.
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19050415Pg1-txt1headline8Big Creek Mines.

B. F. Goldman arrived from Big creek last Friday. In speaking of the country Mr Goldman said that the Independence mine never showed up well as at present. This is a great cyanide proposition. About 600 feet of tunnel work has been done. The rock is looking better and the assays are running higher.

The Crown Mining Co. is just letting a contract for 1200 feet of tunnel. Upon the developments in the main tunnel at the Independence, which joins the Crown Co.’s property, depends whether the work will be done on the Crown group or the Empress … (page torn) …

W. E Edwards is expecting parties from the East to inspect the property in which he is interested.

Shepp Edwards, in drifting for the Sunday lode on his claims, has run into a body of galena ore over twenty feet wide: He expects to reach the Sunday lode in about twenty days.

Mr. Goldman says the road to Big creek is assured. It is now only a question whether it will be built from Warren across the South Fork of the Salmon and over Elk Summit or branch from the Thunder Mountain road at Johnson creek and go up Profile creek. Mr. Goldman warns all travelers to avoid the Snowslide mountain trail for the next few weeks unless they can get over it early in the day. After passing on Friday, he watched two snow slides shoot down the mountain side tearing everything before them.
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Caption: Concentrator at Bay Horse, Idaho, showing town in background.

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Bayhorse, Idaho Ghost Town
source:
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The Mysterious Slide
Placer Ground on Mule Creek

Of all the mining properties of the Thunder Mountain country perhaps there is not one giving great promise, which is less known and concerning which there has been less said and written, than the Mysterious Slide group owned by Martin Curran and Ben Caswell, and for the past two years under the management of Joe Davis, one of the most thorough mining men in the country. Both the owners and Mr. Davis are reticent men which perhaps accounts for the fact that while, work has progressed steadily, the property has received tittle notice from outsiders.

Three of the five claims of this group are located on Mule creek with the stream flowing down through the middle of the ground, the other two are situated on the south side of the upper two claims and running parallel to them. The group is bounded on the … (page torn) property and thus extends down Mule creek from the Dewey mine about three-quarters of a mile and in a direction almost due west. The beginning of Thunder Mountain’s history was the placer from which the Caswell brothers sluiced some $20,000. This placer was situated on what is now the Dewey ground just above the present site of the Will and some 2000 feet above the Mysterious Slide claims on Mule creek.

At the time the Caswell boys were working their placer and before any ore had been found in place on Thunder Mountain, other parties had located the claims below them, or perhaps the placer would have been found at that time and worked to the mouth of the creek.

Mr. Davis has quietly worked the property and from his study of the formations he has formed a well grounded opinion concerning its possibilities and courteously gave to THE NEW’S representative his theory of its future which is outlined below. Mr. Davis’s cabin is situated in the Mule creek gulch about 1500 feet below the Dewey ground. From this point up the creek is a great gravel deposit the width of the gulch – about 200 feet, and varying from 50 to 100 feet in depth. This deposit probably contains eight hundred thousand tons of gravel and ore float which carries values in gold from $4 to $12 a ton. Mr. Davis considers this a great cyanide proposition. There is plenty of water in Mule creek to run such a plant and the returns would be enormous. The west tunnel on the property has been driven over 200 feet through this deposit obtaining a depth of about 60 feet … (page torn) … is noticed. A good prospect can be panned at any point in the tunnel which has been driven under great difficulties. It is wet and caves continually. The ground swells in places to such an extent that lagging cannot be used but the timber sets must be placed scarcely two feet apart.

A few hundred feet above this tunnel another has been driven 50 feet and there is no change in the formation or values.

Below the cabin little real prospecting has been done but Mr. Davis believes that when properly worked a good placer deposit will be found there.

We have mentioned the two claims on the south side of the other three and adjoining the Dewey. These claims lie on the range of hills which extends from Thunder Mountain proper in a westerly direction. A line in the direction of the Dewey stope would pass right through these claims and so it is not unreasonable to surmise that proper development will discover the ore body. The Missing Link tunnel has been run 450 feet but in a direction nearly east. At the time this tunnel was begun the work at the Dewey had not shown the general trend of the ore there. It is thought that by driving a tunnel due south into the side of the hill a good deposit of ore will be found. It is much to be hoped that this property will be thoroughly worked from this on. The developments thus far certainly indicate an extensive deposit of paying ground.

Mr. Davis is not able to say at this time what the future operations will be but he expects Messrs Curran and Caswell within a few weeks and believes that extensive work will soon be begun.

We feel sure that if given good development work the Mysterious Slide will take its proper place among the other great mines of Thunder Mountain.
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19050415Pg2-txt1headline1Big Creek Wagon Road.

Considerable controversy exists concerning the location of the new wagon road to the Big creek district. We presume the interests of the people living in that district and owning property there have very little right in the matter. The principal question to decide seems to be whether Warren, Meadows, Council and Weiser shall have the financial benefit derived from having that route, the outlet of the Big creek district, or whether Boise shall be the recipient.

The road to Johnson creek can be built for much less cost than to Warren and after it is once built could be used the year round as can the Thunder Mountain road over Elk Summit, would become absolutely impassible during several months of the year on account of its great altitude and snowslides.
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As we go to press, reports of the oriental situation are meager and uncertain. The movements of the Japanese armies are as … (page torn) shrouded … complete mystery … perfect secret … Field Marshal Oyama’s … moves has contributed largely to his success. With Napoleonic confidence in his own matchless ability as a master of offensive tactics and with perfect reliance upon the courage and blind patriotism of his troops, Oyama has planned and executed some of the most daring and overwhelming operations in the annals of war. Russia waits for the terrible blow she knows will soon be struck. We believe the commander-in-chief, Gen. Linevitch will prove a more aggressive fighter than did Gen. Kuropatkin, but it is difficult to conceive of a general capable of enough resource to vanquish the fanatically patriotic soldiers of Japan commanded by the greatest captain of the age.
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The Capital News is an honest, fearless, Democratic newspaper of a high order. We quote from its editorial columns: “They assert at Washington that Senator Gorman scored a victory in the defeat of the San Dominican treaty. Well, what if he did? It is triumphs of this kind that have relegated the democratic party to the rear as a political factor – always opposing some progressive idea, and with no definite purpose of achievement in view. San Domingo needs to feel for awhile. the strong hand of this government to bring order out of the existing chaos, and the president’s plan seems designed for that end. Gorman and his followers would defeat the program outlined without offering any substitute that will bring about a desired result. Such obtuse leadership is destined if adhered to persistently to wreck for all time the stained and leaking ship of democracy.”
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Considerable attention is being paid to the deposits on Rainbow mountain. Rainbow mountain was the scene of a lively excitement about eighteen or nineteen years ago, owing to the discovery of rich placers. The placers proving to be quite small, the excitement soon died down. Today, however, there are a number of promising quartz properties on the mountain, and considerable development work is being done.
– Mining Reporter.
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19050415Pg2-txt1editorial
The NEWS desires to print something upon which all its readers will agree. Here it is — in this blank.
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The reports from the mines this week show increased activity in all directions. Thunder Mountain will soon take its place as a great bullion producer. Six mines and probably eight will have mills or cyanide plants in full operations before winter closes in again. We shall have a large and steady payroll which will continually increase.
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19050415Pg2-txt1headline2His Experience.

“Love, so says a scientific writer, is controlled by vibration,” remarked young Singleton.

“I guess that’s right,” answered Wedderly with a large, open-faced sign; “at least that had been my experience.”

“How’s that?” queried Singleton.

“Well,” explained Wedderly, “I trembled when I proposed to my wife, trembled when I interviewed her father, trembled at the altar, and her ladyship has kept me trembling in my shoes ever since.”

– Chicago News.
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19050415Pg3-txt1headlineNew Fish and Game Law.

Provisions of Enactment of the Last Legislature Put into Paragraphs

The following is a digest of the fish and game law enacted by the last legislature, which has been prepared in response to numerous inquires from sportsmen:

Licenses under the provisions of this act are of four classes, namely:

1. For a bona fide male resident (over 12 years of age) for six months prior to issuance, costing $1, entitling the holder to fish and hunt all kinds of game subject to the restrictions of this act.

2. For non-residents of Idaho, a big game license, costing $24, entitling holder to hunt the animals hereinafter mentioned, subject to the restrictions of this act.

3. For non-residents of Idaho, costing $5, entitling holder to hunt birds, subject to the restrictions of this act.

4. For non-residents, costing $1, entitling holder to catch fish with hook and line only, subject to the restrictions of this act (required of all non-residents, regard less of sex.)

Females and children under 12, residents of Idaho, are not required to procure license to fish and take game.

All licenses expire January 31 next following date of issuance.

The open season is as follows:

Trout, grayling, bass and sunfish may be caught at any time with hook and line.

Salmon, sturgeon, carp, mullet, sucker, whitefish, Bear Lake trout and charr may be caught with seine, net or spear.

Quail, Nov. 1 to Dec. 1; sage hen, July 15 to Dec. 1; turtle dove, snipe and plover, Aug. 1 to Nov. 1; partridge, pheasant, grouse, prairie chicken and fool hen, Aug. 15 to Dec. 1; duck, Sept. 1 to Feb. 1; geese and swans, Sept. 1 to Feb. 1.

Elk, deer, mountain sheep, mountain goat, Sept. 1 to Dec. 31.

Not more than 20 pounds of trout, bass, catfish, grayling, or sunfish may be caught in any one day, and not more than 30 lbs. to be had in possession at any time.

Unlawful to kill or destroy, or have in possession at any time trout or black bass of less than four inches in length.

Unlawful to take fish by means of any deleterious drug or by means of an explosive.

Snag hook fishing is absolutely prohibited.

The taking of Mongolian pheasants is absolutely prohibited for four years next following the passage of this act.

Unlawful to snare or trap any protected birds.

Unlawful to kill more than 18 of each of the following kinds of birds in one day, namely, quail, sage hen, partridge, grouse, prairie chicken or fool hen.

Unlawful to take in any one day more than 24 ducks, three geese or three swans.

Unlawful to take fish by means of any deleterious drug or by means of explosive.

Unlawful to destroy nest, eggs, or the young birds of any game bird, or to molest such birds or their young, during breeding season.

The hunting or killing of moose, antelope, buffalo, beaver and caribou is absolutely prohibited.

Unlawful to hunt deer, elk, mountain sheep, or mountain goats with dogs or by means of a pitfall, trap or snare.

Unlawful to kill or capture more than one elk, two deer, one mountain sheep, one ibex, and one goat during the open season.

It is unlawful to sell any protected fish or animals at any time of the year.

Unlawful to hunt any song, insectivorous or innocent bird, except English sparrow, magpie or bee bird, at any time of the year.

Unlawful to cause to be set on fire any timber, underbrush, or grass upon the public domain.

Unlawful not to totally extinguish any fire near any forest, timber or other inflammable material, before leaving the same.

The possession of game or fish unlawfully taken is a misdemeanor.

All devices and nets used in unlawfully taking fish or game are subject to confiscation.

Any and all persons violating any of the provisions of this act are guilty of a misdemeanor, and upon conviction thereof shall be fined in a sum not to exceed $300 and costs, or by imprisonment in the county jail not to exceed six months, or by both such fine and imprisonment.

– Statesman.
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19050415Pg4-txt1YoungMoses
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19050415Pg4-txt1Headline1News From Gold Field.

Joseph Cheatham arrived from the Gold Fields country last Friday and is glad to get back to Thunder Mountain where he has extensive mining interests. He says the great rush is now to Bullfrog, and that from 25 to 150 teams arrive there daily. A strip of country from Bullfrog, sixty miles long and twenty miles broad, is completely staked and Mr. Cheatham thinks the belt extends clear through into Northern California. He says the richness of … (page torn) disputed … long by a foot square, said to be worth $60,000. It had been sawed in two and showed a bar of gold running lengthwise several inches in diameter and the whole mass seemed to be alive with the precious metal.

Although thousands of claims have been located in the Bullfrog country, there are but twelve, says Mr. Cheatham which have produced anything or give any promise of producing anything, except the fact that they are situated in a gold producing country. As in all other great strikes the country is entirely overrun and everything is overdone. At least 5000 people are in the vicinity of Bullfrog and at least 3000 are “broke.”

Three stage lines run to Bullfrog and they are taxed to their full capacity.

One great drawback to the country is the great scarcity of water. It sells for 50 cents per barrel and to water a pair of mules or horses at the spring or well costs 25 cents. A ranch there with a good spring is better than an ordinary gold mine. He speaks of one rancher who is making $100 a day from his road house and water.

Mr. Cheatham was fortunate in finding some old acquaintances and in company with these they took a pair of mules with a wagon and loading it with provisions, mostly water, they went on a prospecting trip for three weeks – as long as the water would last. The climate is hot and dusty and the dry, hot wind fills the air with alkali dust till it is almost unbearable. Mr. Cheatham says Thunder Mountain with its pure air, bright skies and crystal water is good enough for him.
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19050415Pg5-txt1headline1
Locals

W. W. Matheny went down to the mouth of Rush Creek Tuesday looking for his horse.

T. J. Lynch went to Rush creek this week on a prospecting trip. He took three horses.

Clay Spicer is in from Warren. He reports not a large amount of work being done in that locality.

D. Diamond, proprietor of Diamond’s Road House at Reardon creek, was in town on a business trip this week.

O. T. Lingo goes to the Middle Fork this week for a load with his train. He will do local teaming and packing this summer, also supply logs and wood. See his ad.

Postmaster J. B. Randell left Monday for Boise on a business trip. He will be absent several weeks and expects to bring Mrs. Randell and his daughter back with him.

Thomas Neighbors has moved to the Buffalo Cabin on the Buffalo group. He is daily expecting the arrival of S. P. Burr who will survey the property in order that the ground may be patented.

The property on the canyon-side, opposite THE NEW’S office, which was sold to Eastern capitalists and mentioned last week as the Alliance No. 1, 2 and 3, should have read Dividend No. 1, 2 and 3.

A laundry is opened this week next door to THE NEW’S office. This is the only laundry in town and the work will be first-class. No chemicals are used and the clothes will be clear but not destroyed.

Travelers going to Big creek should heed the caution expressed by B. F. Goldman about snowslide Mountain. It is positively unsafe to pass over the trail around the mountain after the snow begins to thaw.

A. D. Almond and Robt. Skinner are building a dwelling house 16×24 feet in the clear, for Sam Bell. The house is situated on the rear of the lot on the west side of Main street thus leaving the front for business purposes.
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19050415Pg5-txt1headline2New Business Building.

L. A. Wayland & Son commenced their building opposite Amusement Hall Tuesday morning.

They have there two lots making a frontage of 50 feet. The whole front will be occupied by the building, making the largest frontage of any building in town. The structure will be two stories high and well lighted.

In the rear of the store and across the Monumental, Wayland & Son are building a cellar in the solid rock of the canyon-side. This will have tripple [sic] doors making a cellar that will never freeze and one that will always be cool in summer. The bank of the creek has been thoroughly cribbed and the stream will be bridged high so that the whole lot may be used from the street clear back to the canyon wall.

The building when completed will contain the general merchandise store of L. A. Wayland & Son, the Recorder’s office, and other office rooms for rental.
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19050415Pg5-txt1headline3Fishers Make a Big Catch

Lashed to the stern of a small fishing craft, the largest fish ever taken in Puget Sound came to this port, says the Seattle Post Intelligencer. It measured a trifle more than nine feet in length, and weighed probably 600 pounds. There was a dispute regarding its species when the black monster was towed in by Nick Dupont and a crew of Greek fishermen. Some were of the opinion that he was of the shark variety, and a majority, including men who claim to have seen the same kind in foreign waters, were of the opinion that it was a blackfish.

Dupont operates a small salmon fishing crew on the sound. The nets were set off West Seattle, and about 2:30 o’clock in the morning the crew went out in charge of Dupont, to make the haul. No sooner had they taken hold of the seine than there was a terrific struggle beneath the waters, and it was evident that more than salmon had been caught. The men pulled the net to the surface, when the captive was brought to view.

For a moment the tremendous tail lashed the water into a foam. The net was torn from one end to the other, and whatever the catch of salmon had been, it was released.

While the fish was struggling a rope was secured and made fast about its tail. It was then the work of a few minutes to take the oars and pull for the shore.

On the way over the fish seemed to be fagged out, and did not make much resistance until near the wharf, when he began to fight, and for a moment it looked as though the little fishing craft and its occupants would be sent to the bottom. However, the men managed to keep the fish away, and finally he was landed near a jetty, where he remained over night.

Rough measurements showed him to be a little more than nine feet long. His body is black in color. In form he resembles very much the sturgeon. His back is straight, and his tail bevels up fully a foot over the top of his back? In his thickest part he measures probably 18 inches through, and tapers from head to tail. His eyes are very large, and protrude, giving him the appearance of great ferocity.

After he was tied to the stern of the fishing smack he appeared to be at ease, and took a long rest. An hour later he tugged at the two feet of rope which was given him to play, but again realized his captivity, and settled down for the night.

Within the recollection of the oldest fishermen in Seattle there never was so large a fish taken in Puget Sound before. He is evidently at home in the ocean, and adventure led to his fate.
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Locals Continued.

Julius Lachs is building the desks for the school house.

McAndrews & Reuter received a lot of new clothing by the last stage.

E. L. Reid, who has had a serious attack of pleurisy has recovered and is again about town.

R. W. Purdum, general manager of the Sunnyside mine has been nominated on the citizen’s ticket for mayor of Nampa.

Felix Lanter came to town Thursday. He has been cooking for Sam Poll this winter and this is the first time he has been in town since Oct. 13 — exactly six months.

W. H. Courtney arrived Thursday from Wallace where he has been spending the winter. He intends opening a restaurant as soon as he can get his building on Main street in readiness.

Bert Ailport, the sub-contractor for this end of the mail route has made arrangements with McAndrews & Reuter to act as local passenger and express agents for all traffic over the line.

Suppose that everyone was called upon for proof of every statement that was made reflecting upon the character of other people, it would put the gossips out of business.
– Northern Idaho Mail.

R. E. Went came in Thursday from Rifle, Colo. He brought in a team from Boise valley and sold them to Bert Ailport, the stage proprietor. Mr. Went will remain it Roosevelt for some time.

B. B. Scott has just returned from Haily [sic] where he has been on a business trip. He reports the road from Knox to Southwest Fork as being very bad. On the summit the snow is deep and not of sufficient strength to bear a, horse during the warmer part of the day.
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19050415Pg6-txt1headline2State Items.

White Bird, situated 20 miles south of Grangeville, was nearly wiped out by fire March 23. The estimated loss is $30,000.

James F. Wardner, a mining man of international reputation died recently at El Paso, Texas. The town of Wardner, Idaho, was named in his honor.

M. L. Parker, secretary of the Idaho State Press Association, has completed arrangements for an excursion of the association through the Northwest leaving Boise about June 23. The route leads through Portland, Seattle, Vancouver, Victoria and other western cities. It is possible that the trip will be extended to Sitka.

Any section of the state desiring a wagon road built under the authority of the act of the last legislature establishing a state wagon road commission must pay dollar for dollar with the state. That is the decision arrived at by the commission, which is now in session in this city. The commission has but $50,000 at its disposal. Several times that amount is asked in bills presented during the legislative session and which went over by unanimous consent to be considered by the commission. In order that any appreciable benefits should accrue to different parts of the state it was found necessary to adopt the dollar for dollar rule, which was done by resolution.
– Statesman.
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19050415Pg6-txt1headline3
International Happenings

President Castro, of Venezuela, has sent a special envoy named Jose de Jesus Paul to Washington to notify the national government that American Minister Bowen is not agreeable to the Venezuela president.

Emperor William is making an extensive cruise in the Mediterranean sea on the Hamberg-American steamer Hamberg. Dressed in the uniform of a British field marshal he inspected the troops at Gibraltar March 31.

The mystery of the blowing up of the U. S. Battleship Maine* has at last been solved says the Capital News Gessler Rossean, a bomb manufacturer now waiting in the tombs at N. Y. for sentence says that he made the bomb used to destroy the Maine. It was an accident, however, and the Cuban who attached the bomb to the Maine intended to destroy a Spanish ship. He committed suicide. Rossean has just been convicted of sending a box of dynamite on to the Cunard Liner Umbra two years ago.

[* Wikipedia USS Main Sinking]
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National.

Cassie L. Chadwick* has been sentenced to serve ten years in the penitentiary.

[* Wikipedia Cassie L. Chadwick]

The national debt on March 31 at the close of business, less cash in the treasury, amounted to $988,624,599.

Washington, March 30. — Senators who called on the president today to consult as to the probable time of the re-assembling of congress were informed it was likely the special session will be called for October 16.

The Daily Mining Record, of Denver, the only daily mining journal in the world, published on March 17th its annual statistical edition. It was a superb edition of 96 pages, rich with good illustrations and reliable statistics.

The President is taking a two month’s vacation. He left Washington April 3 and while he will deliver a few addresses, the object of the trip is the re-union of his old regiment of rough-riders at San Antonio April 7, and it hunting excursion in Texas and Colorado.

Hon. W. J. Bryan is actively engaged in a systematic organization of Dramatic Clubs in preparation for the national election of 1908. He believes that if general interest is awakened and a campaign of education carried on, the votes of the people will again sweep the Democratic party into power.

A terrible explosion took place in Joseph Lether’s coal mine near Benton, Ill., April 3. The force of the explosion was so great that one of the steel cages was blown to the surface from the bottom of the shaft. At last reports, April 4, it was thought that nearly 50 miners had lost their lives.
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19050415Pg6-txt1headline5
Roosevelt Has Another Baby.

The second child to be born in Thunder Mountain came to Dr. and Mrs. Kilgour April 10. Both mother and daughter are doing well. The child has been named Ruth Frances.
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Ed Lewis went to work at the Standard last week.
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Subscribe for THE THUNDER MOUNTAIN NEWS.
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Idaho History Jan 26, 2020

The Prospector and Thunder Mountain News April 8, 1905

courtesy Sandy McRae and Jim Collord

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The Prospector and Thunder Mountain News

Roosevelt, Idaho April 8, 1905 Volume 1 Number 17

19050408Pg1-txt1headline
Locals

James Hash was up from the Middle Fork for a few days this week.

Robt. Pugh, E. Jenson and Robt. Kirk arrived from Grangeville Monday.

Carl Sandell arrived from Boise this week and went to work at the Sunnyside mine Friday.

Geo. Batters and Al. Adell have gone to Middle Fork of Salmon for a pleasure and prospecting trip.

Willis W. Loy arrived from the outside and is in the employ of the Thunder Mountain Pearl Mining Co.

Floyd H. Barnett is putting a canvas roof on his office to use until he can get roofing material from the outside.

McAndrews & Reuter have bought the general merchandise stock of Gus. Holtgren and moved it to their store on Main St.

Dr. C. T. Jones commenced Wednesday the remodeling of his building on the west side of Main street. [He will make it into a] first-class lodging house.

H. J. Hanson drove two beeves to town this week. The animals were in fine condition and the beef is good. This is the first fresh meat to arrive this spring.

G. P. Pugh and son Robert have gone to work at the 20th Century temporarily – until the snow in the mountains will admit of their doing the assessment work on their various claims.

Tom Neighbors received a letter from S. P. Burr recently that he left Boise for his home in Moscow on the 18th ult. Mr. Burr expects to return to Roosevelt by the 15th inst. via Grangeville and Warren.

Dr. Elmer H. Capen, president or Tufts College, died March 22nd. E. W. Whitcom, Esq., of this town is a graduate of Tufts, class of ’87 and entertained a deep feeling of friendship for Dr. Capen.

Mrs. R. Ross Arnold has been engaged to teach the school in this town. The school books have arrived and school will begin April 24th. Mrs. Arnold will arrive a few days prior to that time.

Patrick O’Donnell, who has been quite sick for several weeks, left for Boise with Wm. Kreps Monday. He was somewhat better and we hope he will fully regain his former health. Joe Surprise went with him.

The water in Monumental creek was muddy as it flowed through town Thursday. We find it was caused by the creek having been turned through the 20th Century flume two miles and a half above town. The pentstock and flume are in fine condition and the mill was started Thursday morning.

Bert Either recently received a letter from Chas. A. Knodle, of Butte, Mont., stating that a railroad will start from Lewiston coming this way and that work will doubtless begin this summer. The exact location or destination of the road is not stated.

E. B. Dodson, a stockholder of the Adams Mining Co., made up principally of Atlantic City and Philadelphia capitalists, arrived last Friday. Extensive development work will be done on their property, situated on Divide creek, between Divide and Cooney creek. H. C. Willis, the vice-president and manager, is expected to arrive within three weeks with necessary equipment.
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19050408Pg1-txt2headlineNews From the Middle Fork.

T J. Lynch returned Thursday from the Middle Fork of the Salmon river where he has been for nearly a month. He was delighted with his trip and speaks in glowing terms of the springs and says that in all his experience in the mountains he never saw two prospectors situated so comfortably as are Voller and McNerney.

They have a fine ranch of about forty acres cleared on which they raise all their vegetables and hay for stock; they have a fine range and are well supplied with fresh eggs, milk and butter. The hot springs are situated near their cabin which is but a short distance from the ore lode they are developing. They are not pushing the work on their mining property very fast – perhaps because they are so pleasantly situated. They have had some good assays. They are now building a two-story house 14×24 feet in the clear.

Mr. Lynch says Mr. Cunningham is very feeble and was unfortunate in loosing [sic] nearly all of his potatoes last winter by frost. J. Herron is assisting him on the ranch.

Jack Murray has taken up a ranch five miles below Mahoney’s. Mr. Mahoney has leased his ranch to his two sons and he himself this summer is going to build “that ditch.”

Mr. Lynch says that deer are very plentiful on the Middle Fork and that the fish are just beginning to come up the stream.
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19050408Pg1-txt3headlineJohn Shaffer Drowned

Well Known Pioneer Meets Death in the South Fork.

John Shaffer was drowned in the South Fork of the Salmon River on March 29th.

Mr. Shaffer was one of the best known citizens in this part of the state and leaves many friends to regret his death. He was universally liked; always generous and genial he made friends on every hand and kept them.

He spent several years at Custer in its palmy days, and before the wagon road was built carried the mail there on snow shoes.

During the first excitement at the Coeur d’Alenes, he went to that camp. He was an expert miner as well as an all round frontiersman, and at one time was foreman of the famous Bunker Hill mine. In 1898 he came to the South Fork of the Salmon and bought what afterwards became widely known as Shaffer’s ranch. Hundreds of people stopped there during the rush to Thunder Mountain and all will remember his hearty, kindly ways. While he made much money he was generous to a fault, and did not accumulate a large property though he left a good ranch and considerable stock.

On the afternoon of his death he had been taking up the planking of his bridge across the South Fork, deeming it unsafe, and was crossing on one of the timbers, or stringers, of the bridge; he lost his balance and fell into the stream which at this point is a boiling torrent. The water is icy cold at this time of year and it is thought he either became cramped at once or was stunned by the fall; he apparently made no effort to save himself but was swept down the stream. The body was found the next evening at 5 o’clock some distance down the river.

Mr. Shaffer leaves a wife and two little boys who were at their home on the ranch at the time of his death, also a sister, Mrs. Julius Cross, who is postmistress at Custer, in this state.

The funeral took place the next day after the body was found. Near the house on the ranch is a rounded knoll on which stands a beautiful, wide spreading pine tree. Mr. Shaffer had spoken of this spot as an ideal burial place, and here he was laid to rest.
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19050408Pg1photoRedfish

Caption (page torn): A [glimpse] of Redfish Lake … Sawtooth range … of Thunder Mountain
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MINING NEWS

(page torn)… and Lester H. Busby have gone to Reardon [sic] creek to inspect their mining property there.

The Sunnyside mine took on five more men Friday morning. Supt. Abbott expects the stamps to drop not later than the 25th of the month.

Clate Vance and James LeRoy went down Monumental creek Wednesday to their property opposite the Roosevelt Monument to do some assessment work.

Prospectors returning from the hills say the south sides of the mountains are almost entirely bare and water in the draws at this time of year makes panning easy.

M. W. Mouat, of Denver, is in town experting the property of the Thunder Mountain Pearl Mining Co. He says Mr. DeCamp will arrive in about a month.

Peeler Foster, H P. Brown and Lou Englebright sold their group of three claims on the canyon side just in front of THE NEW’S office to T. M. Nichols of Chicago. The group is known as the Alliance No. 1, 2 and 3.

T. G. Thomas and son left Wednesday for Ramey Ridge to commence work on their Mildred and War Eagle properties. Their partner, August Herzog of Spokane, is expected soon. They believe the development work will warrant coutinuous [sic] operations.

At the H. Y. -Climax work is being pushed on the Polo Duro tunnel. Supt. Whitlock was in town Thursday and says he is just starting a shaft near the old cook house, and they have already found some remarkably good float.
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19050408Pg1-txt5headlineRailroad Activity in Idaho.

The next two years promises to be an era of great activity in railroad building in this state.

The North and South Railway is a topic of intense interest to every patriotic citizen of Idaho and indications point to a speedy accomplishment of this much desired project.

It is confidently believed that the Northern Pacific will extend its line from Stites through the Lolo Pass of the Bitter Roots to Missoula, Mont. Should this be done Grangeville would doubtless get a branch from the N. P. even if the main line should not pass through that city. This cut-off would pass through a very mountainous country and would. doubtless develop a large mineral belt, but of course the immediate object of this connection would be to accommodate the traffic between Eastern points, and Portland and San Francisco.

The Oregon Railroad and Navigation Company have already … (page torn) … to Grangeville.

The O. R. & N. survey follows the Clearwater river up to Big Canyon thence it starts up on to the prairie.

It is reported that the O. R. & N. people will at once start a survey from Meadows, to which point the Pacific and Idaho Northern will be extended this year from Council, and thus shut out the N. P. from the Salmon river valley.

The O. R. & N. lines now extend from Wallace over through the Coeur d’Alenes down to Moscow, and the road is being built to Lewiston. Should the line be continued through Grangeville and on down to connect with the P. and I. N. the North and South railroad would be complete and all points in the western part of the state would have fairly good connection.

The proposed new railroad tapping the N. P. in Montana, passing through Salmon City and Boise thence on to the coast will give Idaho a very good railroad system.

Several projects for building a railroad into the Thunder Mountain country are now being considered and the probability is that within eighteen months we shall hear the locomotive whistle in Roosevelt.
— — — —

W. T. Saunders arrived in town Monday from his ranch on Big creek. He says the snow is all gone down there. Mr. Saunders returned Wednesday. He says that the bear is still hibernating but he looks for him to appear in about two weeks, that the feed for stock is luxuriant and that the horses on the range “jump ten feet high and stay up in the air kicking for five minutes before they come down.”
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19050408Pg2banner
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19050408Pg2-txt1headlineWestern Courtesy.

Seth Bullock went to Washington in connection with the cowboy contingent that took part in the inaugural parade. He has made many sensible statements in various “interviews” with newspaper men. He is quoted as having said the following while on a visit in New York:

“A man from out our way can’t help seeing certain things. He can’t help seeing the way a lot of sheepfaces along these subways and street cars of yours crowd the women and stamp on their feet to get ahead of them. Great God Almighty! I came over from Washington yesterday on the Congressional limited, and things they call men pushed ther [sic] way by women who were there before ’em into the dining car, and when they were through with their dinners, these same critters sat there and smoked cigars and let the women wait.

Now, you don’t see doings like that out in our country. If that’s typical of the eastern gentleman, then the real American gentlemen are to be found out west.

Let me tell you, I don’t think it is typical. I think I recognize some of these critters. For many years the west has been shipping … (page torn) … east to Chicago and I can’t help thinking … those … romping around here in New York with two of their legs missing – having got past Chicago and the scalding vats.”

We are well acquainted with the customs of large eastern cities and feel justified in saying that a woman will receive more courtesy and politeness on any western frontier than in New York City or in any other large eastern city. We believe there isn’t a miner or a prospector in Thunder Mountain, and we know most of them pretty well, who would sit in a crowded car and let a woman stand clinging to a strap overhead. Some of them might forget the senseless fad of removing their hats while in an elevator car if a lady happened to be present, for the western man’s politeness “consists of kindness,” but when it comes to real genuine, downright politeness (we don’t mean certain steriotyped [sic] forms and foolish inconveniences called etiquette) it is found in the big West where men have room to move, good air to breathe, and space for the heart to grow big and brave, and we hope that when our mother or sister boards a crowded car there will be at least one western cowboy aboard, like Seth Bullock, who has a seat, for we know he will not sit and let a woman stand.
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In our columns we often speak of “The Thunder Mountain country.” In using this term we do not refer to the small section lying just about the town of Roosevelt but for want of any other significant designation, we use it to include this whole mining section extending more than twenty-five miles in every direction with Roosevelt at its center.
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19050408Pg2-txt2headlinePipe Dream.

On March 27th the Statesman published an interview with Fred. C. Bradley, a member of the exposition commission. An extract follows:

“Today Mr. Bradley will visit Nampa to see Mr. Dewey and Mr. Purdum relative to an exhibit. from Thunder Mountain. It appears the people of Roosevelt have a novel project on foot. They propose to take a pack train loaded with ore straight from that camp to Portland, pitch a camp, and give an illustration of the life of the prospector. Commissioner McBride thinks he can secure ground for their camp if they determine to go ahead with the undertaking.”

This proposition is so preposterous that it hardly needs comment if it were to be read only by mining men and prospectors, or those accustomed to frontier life. It is ludicrous to a packer to read of loading a train with ore, driving it over mountain ranges for 150 miles and then for hundreds of miles over roads with barbwire fence on each side. Some one has surely had a “pipe dream.”
— — — —

Idaho has only one congressman, Burton L. French. He is said to be the youngest member of the national house of representatives. He has already made an enviable record for himself and one of which he and his state may well be proud. He is a tireless worker and though not given over to oratorical display accomplishes a vast amount of work with committees which has been of great value to his state as well as to the nation. lie is a man of great integrity as he has evidenced in his refusal to for the construction mileage grab, thus depriving himself … (page torn) … western …vote for the bill which was hardly less than a steal. Mr. French has already taken a commanding place in congress; we predict for him a great future. We are proud of his ability, and still more proud of his integrity.
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19050408Pg3-txt1headline1a
Why I Prospect.

‘Tis for the glamor of the life,
And the gleam of the virgin gold
That congour me visions,
Of a wealth untold.
And to perhaps see by my emprise
A city of free wild life arise,
And to feel at last
That when I am gone
My soul for the right
Will prospect on.

– Tamerack.
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19050408Pg3-txt1headline1bWhy Kentuckians Elope.

In the country districts of Kentucky a girl is an old maid at 25, at 30 she is passe and relegated to teacups, cats and knitting. Corkscrew curls are hers, and on her hands when she goes to church are half lace mitts, not kids. All this, writes a Shelbyville correspondent of the Henderson Journal, makes the race to conjugal happiness one of almost maddening haste – in Kentucky. Twenty-seven elopements in two days is the record of one backwoods county this season.

In common with all the other states of the Union, Kentucky has more poor families than rich ones, and a follows that the preponderance of marriages is among the former, whose purses are not always equal to heavy outlays for elaborate wedding ceremonies. Hence it is that the most economical scheme of elopement is highly popular, with the added advantage of the spirit of romance that surrounds the idea of running away and being pursued by alleged irate parents, who, it should be noted, never succeed in coming up with the elopers until the knot has been tied. The whole affair is a pleasing illusion, and may it always be so.

The old people, however, raise perennial objections – they always do. The old people are match-makers who follow all the traditions of the south, and the girl who is ambitious to dodge the implication of being called an old maid will take no risks. Down here in Kentucky there is no dearth of suitors, and the average Blue Grass belle does not have to wait long. She has sweethearts before she is out of short skirts, and it is no uncommon thing for her to be engaged while she still wears her hair in a long plait down her back and tops her curls with a junty tam-o’-shanter.

Here in Shelbyville eloping couples find a mecca. It is a quiet little place, with lots of churches and no end of obliging ministers. The town is a stop for all trains, but the elopers do not take the railroad route if they are in fear of being discovered – not in Kentucky. These young Lochinyars take the best high stepper from the stable and start down the pike in a good rig. They then feel assured that they will clear all pursuers and get the knot tied before the father can interrupt their plans by appearing on the scene with bootjack, gun or glad hand.

In some counties in Kentucky last fall the number of elopements is said to have been as great as that of ordinary unromantic, premeditated marriages. There are instances where three girls and three young men have formed a party and eloped together. The method of procedure sometimes is unique. The belle wants none of the traditions lacking – not in Kentucky. Her wardrobe may be slight, because she is in a hurry, but she is sure to take along Something old, something new, Something borrowed and something blue.

A Lawrenceburg farmer heard that his daughter was clearing out with the son of a neighbor. There was no very strenuous objection, and the father bought some wedding presents and with some of his friends started out in pursuit. They arrived in town about an hour after the ceremony and were told that the happy pair had gone to the hotel for dinner. The whole party, headed by the new bride’s father, rushed into the dining room and formally presented the gifts, afterward buying tickets for a honeymoon trip to Cincinnati.

Several marriages have been performed on railroad trains, and one couple sought refuge by taking their minister on board a boat which was plying on the Kentucky river below Frankford.

– Pittsburg Gazette.
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Following is a list of the officers of the Sunnyside company for the ensuing year: F. T. F. Lovejoy, president; J. C. Russell, vice-president; R. E. Russell, treasurer; C. J. Flemming, secretary; R. W. Purdum, general manager. Mr Purdum, in his report to the company, says the drifts and cuts at the mine have blocked out three and three-quarter acres of ore valued, according to the report of Prof. John Kruse, at $800,000 an acre. Mr. Purdum says that by means of the drilling machine now in use, the gold ore blanket has been located under 40 acres of ground and no indication of the limit has been found.
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19050408Pg4-txt1headline1Big Creek.

R. B. MacGregor and A. A. Lyden arrived from Ramey Ridge, and reported the development work done in the district during the winter was very satisfactory.

I. R. Frier, Supt. of the Pueblo Mining & Milling Co. sunk a shaft to the depth of 90 feet and run a crosscut at the bottom of the shaft, a distance of 70 feet, all in ore, and numerous pieces showing free gold. This company is figuring for the installation of a mill during the summer.

D. T. Davis, who is at present negotiating with a western company for his property on Beaver creek, has one of the best showings in the district. The lead is 60 ft. wide and crops for a distance of 800 feet, several places standing 20 feet above the surface. The values consist of gold and silver. Values from a trace to $40.

James Hand, who has been developing his property on Beaver creek during the winter, has extended his tunnel a distance of 50 feet – all in ore. The face of the drift having a vertical depth of 130 feet on the lead and free gold is very easily seen in the quartz with the naked eye.

Stewart and Lyden, whose property is on the Ramey Ridge side of Beaver creek, have a very good surface showing. They have two parallel leads a distance of 200 feet apart, one being 10 feet 8 inches wide and can be traced for a distance of 900 feet – values from $3.12 to $87.72. A crosscut tunnel has been run to a distance of 131 feet, but owing to not having supplies, were compelled to discontinue the work before reaching the lead. The other lead is 7 feet and can be traced 500 feet on surface – values as high as $70.

Stephenson and Lynch, who are located on Ramey Ridge, have shown up some excellent bodies of ore.

Butcher and Cassette, who were the discoverers of the district, have opened up with shaft and tunnels, a great body of ore. An average sample across the lead valued $11.40 in free gold.

Yates and MacGregor, who have been working on their properties on Ramey Ridge during the winter, report development work very satisfactory.

All told the prospects of the district are very promising.
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19050408Pg4-txt1headline2Had to Get His Breath.

One of the representatives from Texas says that while he was coming to Washington he was greatly amused by the antics of a young married couple on the sleeper.

“There was a continuous performance of kissing,” says the representative, “and the smacks could be heard like the cracking of a new saddle.” Finally there was a lull in the performance and the bride blurted out:

“Oh, Jim, dear, I fear you have ceased to love me.”

“‘No, no, darling,’ came the answer; ‘but I must have time to get my breath.’

“It was a half minute before the bridegroom ‘got his breath,’ and the smacking was resumed.”

– Washington Times.
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J. B. Pyle and John Sitting left last Sunday for a trip to Boise and will return in about six weeks.
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19050408Pg5-txt1headline1
Do It Now.

When you’ve got a job to do,
Do it now!
If it’s one you wish was through,
Do it now!
If you’re sure the job’s your own,
Just tackle it alone;
Don’t hem and haw and groan —
Do it now!
Don’t put oil a bit of work,
Do it now!
It doesn’t pay to shirk,
Do it now!
If yon want to fill a place,
And be useful to the race,
Just get up and take a brace,
Do it now.

– Frank Harrington, in the New York Sun.
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19050408Pg5-txt1headline2The Statesman’s Ghost Story.

The Boise Statesman offered a prize of $5.00 for the best ghost story not exceeding 300 words.

Here is the prize winner:

THE GHOST OF HAYVILLE.

Beside the usual crowd at the Hayville store, was a stranger in a shaded corner, listening, silently, as the others talked.

The wind shrieked dismally, dashing the rain against the windows.

“Makes me think o’ the night o’ man Hawkins killed himself,” said Pete Longman, as he shook the rain from his slouched hat and squirted a quid of tobacco under the farthest leg of the stove.

“Yes, me too. ‘Twas jist sech a night. I’d give mybody twenty five dollars jist to sleep in that house one night,” responded John Sloan, the storekeeper.

“Ye’ll kape yer twinty-foive, I’m thinkin’,” put in Mike Sullivan.

The stranger moved uneasily, then arose, saying:

“Gentlemen, I’m broke, and if you’ll guarantee me twenty-five dollars, I’ll sleep in that house to night. I don’t believe in ghosts.”

“Do it, an’ the twenty five’s yourn,” answered Sloan.

“You bet!”

“We’ll see’t ye git it,” came from the others.

The stranger hastened to the haunted house, accompanied to the front gate by Pete.

He stretched himself on the floor, expecting to go asleep at once, but after several hours, he was still wide awake.

“Just us two!” sounded a hoarse, ghostly voice at his side.

Up he started, caring naught for twenty-five dollars, nor for twenty-five thousand, for that matter. Breathlessly he went down the walk, pausing just long enough to open the gate, which stubbornly refused to yield to his efforts.

“Wasn’t that a devil of a race?” from the same ghostly voice at his elbow.

Off again, through the rain, he plunged, landing this time in a deep mud hole.

“Tired?” breathed the terrible voice. Yes, he was, but on he sped, never halting, until he had left the village far behind.

The ghost was a parrot, owned by the man who committed suicide.

– Ida R. M’Sparran.
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19050408Pg5-txt1headline3Another Pioneer Passes Away.

George Dyer, living near the Shaffer Ranch, on the South Fork of the Salmon, died of old age March 30th.

Mr. Dyer came around Cape Horn many years ago in company with Mr. Kelley, of the Kelley & Patterson firm, of Warren. He had lived in that section for a long time.
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19050408Pg5-txt1headline4Insane Man Missing.

At the time of Mr. Shaffers death reported elsewhere, an insane man, whose name we are unable to learn, was being kept temporarily at the ranch house. During the excitement which followed the sad drowning accident, the man disappeared and at last accounts he had not been heard of. Grave fears for his safety are entertained.
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J. W. Wright, a well-known Thunder Mountain and Warren mining man, for the past two years a resident of this city, died last night from an attack of grip. Mr. Wright leaves a wife and four children. Mr. Wright was interested in some of the most promising mining properties in the Thunder Mountain and Warren sections.

– Weiser World.
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The NEWS has two 2nd hand stoves for sale – one heating stove and one cook stove.
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19050408Pg6-txt1headline1His Opinion of Thunder Mountain.

B. F. Francis, in an interview with a Statesman reporter, describes his trip out, and in speaking of the country, says:

“The most noticeable thing in the whole Thunder Mountain country is the general air of confidence which pervades the whole district for miles in all directions from Roosevelt, the metropolis. This is not limited to those alone who are interested in the great mines whose wealth of mineral deposits has already. been established beyond all doubt, as for instance the Sunnyside, the Dewey, the H. Y. and the Mysterious Slide mines, but on every hand signs of great activity prevail and there seems to be good reason for this.

“Great bodies of heavily mineralized ore are being uncovered on all sides; in fact, there seems to be good indications that the whole country for 25 miles in all directions from Roosevelt will be dotted with stamp mills, and that, too, within a short space of time.

“The Standard mine is the latest big development. The Great Teriett lode, a body of ore 56 feet wide and averaging $10 per ton, has been cut and a drift is now being run. It is impossible at this time to even estimate the extent of this ore body.

“The town of Roosevelt is the commercial and mining center. It is favorably situated right in the heart of what will surely be one of the great mining sections of the world, embracing the Ramey Ridge country, with its great quartz deposits where extensive operations are showing fine developments, Rainbow mountain, a vast depository of mineral wealth, the Big creek country, which is among the most promising of all, and the copper camp district, ten miles below town, which has a fine showing of ore carrying good deposits of copper and gold.

“On the whole the Thunder Mountain country never looked so promising as it does today. Its experimental stage is passed; at least six stamp mills will be running by the last of the coming summer, and more will soon follow.

“The camp has every indication now of soon becoming one of the greatest bullion producers of the northwest.”
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19050408Pg6-txt1headline2International Happenings.

The free coinage of silver in Mexico ends the 16th of this month and a gold standard is established.

On March 22, Field Marshal Oyama gave to an associated press correspondent his first interview. When asked to discuss the probability of peace he answered, “I am only a soldier, not a politician.”

General Kuropatkin, after receiving two disastrous defeats from Field Marshal Oyama, was dismissed in disgrace from the supreme command of the Manchurian armies. He generously offered his services in any capacity at the front and was placed at the head of the very army which his successor Gen. Linevitch, had left, thus changing places with his former subordinate. This shows remarkable patriotism on the part of General Kuropatkin.

Emperor William is desirous of getting on closest terms of friendship with France and the French people says the Daily Chronicle of London. The time is opportune. The alliance of France and Russia is an unnatural one formed for sinister purposes and the results of the far East render the continuance of this alliance useless. It is much to be hoped that France and Germany will put aside their ancient enmity, so bitter since the Franco-German war, and be friends again.

Venezuela, or perhaps more properly, President Castro is making more trouble. Absolutely devoid of all consideration of the duties of a ruler toward the people, or one nation toward the other nations of the earth, he now proposes to capture New Orleans and teach the United States a lesson. He is not satisfying the just claims of any of his foreign creditors, and we may look for more trouble with this most turbulent little republic, whose whole history since it obtained its independence, has been one of disorder and revolution.
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19050408Pg6-txt1headline3National.

In accordance with the president’s recommendation congress recently voted to return some confederate battle flags. A proclamation was issued by Gen. Stephen D. Lee, commander of the United Confederate Veterans, praising the president and congress for this action.

Colorado had three governors within 24 hours. Governor Adams was ousted, and Governor Peabody installed at 5 o’clock p. m. March 17th, and immediately after Peabody’s resignation was filed at 4:20 on the afternoon of the 18th, Lieutenant Governor McDonald was sworn in as governor.

For years, Addicks has held up the State of Delaware – for years at a time she has had but one U. S. senator and sometimes none at. all. On March 22nd the legislature adjourned after taking 49 ballots on the senatorship with no majority The state will have but one senator for two years more.
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19050408Pg6-txt1headline4State Items.

Two baloonists [sic], O’Dell and Dare, were killed in a double baloon [sic] ascension at Wallace, March 20th. They were between 150 and 200 feet from the ground and were almost instantly killed.

Twin Falls City is having a genuine boom and will be a good sized town within a very few years. Moreover, it will be a city of stability as it is situated in one of the finest agricultural districts in the northwest now that the great irrigation project is completed. On March 22nd, 3200 acres of land situated within a few miles of the city were sold at auction at an average price of $21.50; the water costs $15 an acre making the total average cost $36.50.

The Idaho Wool Grower’s Association bought the Great Western salt plant, 12 miles from Ogden, on March 2. Prior to that time, stock salt was selling at $6.05 F. 0. B. The price was controlled by the trust which dropped the price to $3.50 as soon as the association bought the Great Western. The association met the cut with a $3.00 rate; the trust again dropped to $2.50 which the association met. A great stock salt war is on. The Idaho Wool Grower’s Association consumes 5000 tons per year and the output of the Great Western is 20,000 tons.
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Idaho History Jan 19, 2020

The Prospector and Thunder Mountain News April 1, 1905

courtesy Sandy McRae and Jim Collord

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The Prospector and Thunder Mountain News

Roosevelt, Idaho April 1, 1905 Volume 1 Number 16

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Sunnyside Crusher Arrives With 62 Horses And 21 Men

William Kreps, the Dauntless Freighter, Crosses Four Mountain Ranges With 20,000 Pounds of Mining Machinery.

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The Dewey Palace Hotel (Home of Thunder Mountain Millionaires) Nampa, Idaho
By courtesy of Mrs. Mansfield of Idaho Leaders

William Kreps is just arriving with the Sunnyside Mine machinery weighing fully 20,000 lbs. The great rock crusher, which weighs 7000 pounds, drawn by twelve horses is the last of the teams to arrive and will pass through town as we go to press. This ponderous piece of machinery loaded on the sled stands fully eight feet above the road bed.

A representative of THE NEWS met the teams at Southwest Fork summit in order to see for himself the consumation [sic] of this gigantic undertaking. He was shown every courtesy by Mr. Kreps and thus enabled to give a systematic account of this stupendous journey.

Mr. Kreps took the crusher at Pearl Summit, 25 miles this side of Nampa on the 11th of March, where it was left by previous freighters. Coming up Squaw creek hill, the mud reached the wagon box. 20 horses were used in pulling the load up this hill. Mr. Kreps took the Sunnyside company at its word. He was told to get the machinery to the mine and he has done what few men would have thought possible. He hired horses and men whenever he needed them and kept his eye on the goal. He owns one team of six horses which is perhaps not surpassed in the whole state. The horses average 1500 pounds each and seem to take work as a passtime [sic]. With 4000 pounds of machinery on their sled Mr. Kreps sent this team ahead to break the road and up some of the mountains there was fully three feet of snow.

At High Valley it became necessary to transfer the crusher from wheels to a sled. The last mile and a half was made through mud which seemed to have no bottom. After the [crusher passed], not even a saddle horse could make his way and the fence was taken down on one side and a temporary road made through a field.

Mr. Kreps had a novel way of transferring his load. He drove along side a large tree, placed a tackle of wire cable above the load, lifted it by means of horses, and drawing the wagon out and a sled underneath, lowered the ponderous weight to the sled.

He experienced no further trouble and made good time to Smith’s Ferry on the Payette. Here he found the ice although two feet thick in places too rotten to bear his tremendous load, or even his stock. He spent three days in dynamiting a canal, so to speak, through the river which at this point is several hundred feet wide. The canal he made about 25 feet in width and loading the crusher on to the ferryboat, attached a line to it and with twelve horses which he had engaged on the opposite side of the stream he pulled the boat through the slush ice made in dynamiting, to the other shore. A little later the ice cleared and loading his horses on the boat they were poled across.

This side of Smith’s Ferry, Mr. Kreps began to pick up other machinery belonging to the crusher, hired men and horses as they were needed and swept the road clean of machinery needed at the Sunnyside mine.

Several miles this side of Thunder City he was again obliged to transfer his loads to wheels for a few miles and then back to sleds again. He accomplished this in the same manner as before – simply … (page torn).

At Big Creek Summit, 12 miles south of Knox, Mr. Kreps showed his resourceful genious [sic] in a remarkable way. The road along this summit was sidling and frozen hard. He hired Joseph Rollins with his team and an ordinary breaking plough and ploughed a single furrow through the snow and ice on the upper side of the road for a distance of two miles. This made a trench for the upper runners of his sleds and held them in place, thus preventing them from sliding down the mountain side with his tremendous loads.

Fortune seemed to smile sometimes, however, on the heroic efforts being made; at Johnson creek when the teams arrived, there was no snow on the grade; Mr. Kreps made preparations to again transfer his loads to wheels. At dark snow began to fall and at daylight next morning the road was covered with six inches of snow. The morning was warm and time could not be lost. Hastily harnessing his teams be rushed the great loads up the mountain side to the height where the old snow had not melted. He returned to Johnson Creek for dinner with men and horses, went back up the hilt and made Reardon Creek that night.

The road which Mr. Kreps had broken on a previous trip was of much value as it formed a firm foundation below tie new snow – across Bald Hill which is over 8000 feet high, for fully eight miles the new snow was over three feet deep.

Hearing of the approach of the teams, Supt. Abbott sent seven men in charge of D. S. Cotter to assist in getting … (page torn) … down Southwest Fork summit. This work was of great service.

Mr. Kreps himself, with two sixes arrived Thursday afternoon, leaving the crusher to follow from Bald Hill. Charles Haynes, a veteran driver, has been with that load during the whole trip.

Leaving his own superb six, driven by Al. Woods, to break the road to the Sunnyside mine, Mr. Kreps went back to see the last load in.

To feed this large number of horses 15 bales of hay and 11 sacks of oats were used daily. It is pleasant to be able to say that no care or expense was spared to keep the horses in good condition and make them comfortable. Mr. Kreps himself is a master driver and not only knows how to care for horses but insists that it shall be done.

This marvelous undertaking passes into the wonderful history of Thunder Mountain. In the dead of winter William Kreps has drawn 20,000 pounds of machinery over four mountain ranges and will set it down in perfect condition at its destination.
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19050401Pg1-txt1headline
Locals

Charles E. Curtis has opened a saloon at Belleco.

Wm. Queeney has gone to Middle Fork of the Salmon.

Mrs. Sam Hancock is spending a few days with Mrs. Pannkake at the Y. H.

Bert Merridth and Claude Taylor went to work at the Dewey Wednesday.

E. M. Thornton returned Thursday … (page torn).

Mrs. Morris went to Belleco this morning where she will take charge of the Sunnyside boarding house.

A. A. Lyden, R. B. MacGregor and Ed. Lewis arrived from the Ramey Ridge country the 27th ult.

Mrs. Charles E. Curtis and family, Mis. C. M. Taylor and Mrs. Hasbrook took the stage this morning for Boise.

H. C. Ailport, the sub-contractor for this end of the mail route, arrived Thursday afternoon with a sleigh load of mail. Mr. Ailport made great efforts to get the mail in.

E. L. Reid is quite sick. Stage-driver Ailport went to the Southwest Fork of Monumental Friday morning and brought him to town. We hope he will soon be about again.

McCrum & Deary, of Boise, always carry a first class stock of drugs and medicines. They make a specialty of mail order business, and solicit Thunder Mountain trade. See their advertisement.

A petition was circulated last week praying the county commissioners to declare the Thunder Mountain Road a county road and appoint a road supervisor. R. D. Almond was named as supervisor, and the petition was universally signed.

Ed. Collins, while working in the Blue Point tunnel at the 20th Century, narrowly escaped death last Saturday. While timbering the tunnel a huge boulder weighing nearly a ton fell from the roof grazing his head and shoulder. He is not seriously injured though disabled for a few days.
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The Oriental situation as we go to press seems almost axiomatic. After the battle of Liao Yang Japan intimated that she would gladly welcome peace. The Czar said, “I will risk another battle.’ He risked it – the cost is some hundred and fifty thousand human lives – this doesn’t amount to much to the Czar – he considers his private soldiers in the same light as a freighter does his stock – “the collar will fit another horse” – the Czar has millions of men, his “subjects,” left. The autocracy of Russia must be sustained. The bankers of Paris, however, think that the down-trodden peasantry of Russia may at last reach the limit of endurance; they think that weeping Poland and strangled Finland may yet assert, and they refuse the Russian loan. Japan has not millions of serfs to throw to the front, but after she has buried her 50,000 dead as the result of the awful battle of Mukden she has left millions of men whose very life blood thrills with the noblest … (page torn)

… captain of modern warfare. The Japanese have never known defeat – they are fighting for principles as lofty as the blue dome and we confidently predict for Japan the victory.
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Every few months some obscure word is brought forth from the deep recess of the English language and inflicted upon the reading public until the word becomes so trite that newspaper men are ashamed longer to use it. The latest nuisance is the word “effete” applied to the eastern states – “Effete East” People who are acquainted with the East or who do business there find it is not very much “effete.”
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The reason we have such an irregular mail service is simply the fact of underbidding for the contract to carry the mail. Any branch of federal service carries with it prestage [sic] and responsibilities – many federal officials remember the prestage [sic] and forget the responsibility.
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The Standard Oil Company has had everything its own way for many years. It is now facing an investigation, national in extent, which is backed by the executive head of the nation. It is safe to say that its methods will be well aired.
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It is said that there is but one daily mining newspaper in the world – The Daily Mining Record of Denver.
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19050401Pg2-txt1bheadline
Locals Continued.

The Summit House was the scene of much activity Wednesday evening when 21 men with the Sunnyside machinery spent the night there. Fully 50 horses were tied about the grounds.

Fred Roesch is putting up a dwelling house 16×24 feet in the clear on his lot south of the pioneer meet [sic] market. He will set it back from the street so that the front of the lot may be used as a business location.

S. L. Gillam has a very fine mountain sheep’s head, a present from Ed. Myers, which he will have mounted and hang as an ornament in his saloon. He has quite extensive decorations in mind which we shall report later.

Says the Mining Recorder: “An important mining deal was recently made in Kansas City whereby George Brant transferred his interest in the Brant Mining & Milling Company for an interest in the Golden Islet, situated in Jones gulch. New officers were elected for the Golden Islet Mining & Milling Company, as follows: J. G. McKnight, president; S. E. Bowerman, vice-president; J. F. Mensing, secretary and treasurer.” Geo. Brant is well known in this section as the local manager of the Brant Mining & Milling Company.

I have been requested to state my prices for professional services; they are as follows: A common extraction, without anaesthetics [sic], $1.00; absolutely painless extraction, $2.50; seemless [sic] gold crown, 22k.-30 gague [sic], $10 to $15; for bridge work, $10 to $12.50; plates from, $25 to $100; silver fillings $1.50 to $2.00; platinum fillings, $2.50 to $3.00; gold fillings, $3.50 up. A word in regard to the painless extraction: I am inventor of an anaesthetic [sic] which has taken me years to complete, and the experiments incidental thereto have cost much time, trouble and money. Ask those who have used my anaesthetic [sic] if I missrepresent [sic] its effect. In no dental parlors outside, can you get first-class work done cheaper than I do it and the after effects commonly known to painless extraction, are not known to my patients since my anaesthetic [sic] is local in its effect. I do all kinds of dental work known to the profession. I avoid giving needless pain in all dental operations. Ask your friends about this. I take personal interest in my patients and so assume to refer you to any of them. C. T. JONES, D. D. S.
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19050401Pg3-txt1headline1Idaho’s Game Law.

During the session of the last legislature, considerable attention was given to the fish and game law. The law as it now stands is a good one and all good citizens of the state will unite in upholding it. We are too apt to disregard the value of the wild animals of our forests. There is perhaps the finest hunting ground in the world right here in Idaho. Elk, deer, bears of several varieties, mountain sheep, beaver, martin, grouse and all small game abound in our great mountain fastnesses. Nothing but wanton disregard of all decent and sportsmanlike hunting will ever despoil our forests. The only game which really needs protection at the present time is Elk, deer and mountain sheep.

Three great evils menace the increase, and even the continuance of these fine species of game in this section of the country, namely:

Destruction by cougars,
Wanton slaughter,
And sale of wild game.

The first named is perhaps the worst evil of till. Few people realize the terrible destruction of deer caused by the cougar, or American lion. Many mountaineers estimate that every full grown cougar kills not less than thirty deer each year, and so the wisdom of the late legislature is shown, in offering a bounty of $15 for every cougar killed – the cougar is of absolutely no use – a sneaking, cowardly beast which stealthily crawls upon his prey and springing from his lair sets his jaws in death grip on the throat of his victim.

The second evil, wanton slaughter, is fast disappearing from this section, though we have suffered from it in the past. It seems hardly credible that any man would stand and deliberately shoot a wild deer of the forest for the pleasure of seeing it fall in death throes. Unfortunately such has been the case and right here in Thunder Mountain.

There are men, God grant they are few, so deeply depraved that a living mark is preferable to a target for rifle practice, even though it be the finest specimen of wild game for which they have not the slightest use except the morbid satisfaction of seeing it give up its life.

Last year three fine elk were killed in the Chamberlain Basin – they weighed from 300 to 500 pounds each. Two teeth were taken from each elk and the carcasses were left to rot. The State Game Warden, Van Irons, used every means to bring the dastard who killed them to justice; he failed because the two witnesses who could testify for the prosecution were too cowardly to do so, and left the state.

But perhaps the least excusable and most disgraceful of all the agencies of destruction of wild game animals is claudestine [sic] sale of the meat. We believe there is not a state in the union where deer or elk may be legally sold – there is certainly not one where any attention is given to the preservation of game. No good citizen will sell a deer or elk. It is legally as well as morally wrong; and no man who has respect for himself and interest in his community and those who are to come after him, will, for a few paltry dollars, so degrade himself.

No restaurant or hotel keeper who is honorable and does a legitimate business will serve a piece of deer meat at his table unless it is furnished by his guest.

The state of Maine has the finest hunting and fishing of any or the older states. Why? Because it has the most stringent laws, and because every citizen upholds them.

Maine’s revenue from her game and fish probably amounts to $1,000,000 a year. That amount is brought into the state. A man may leave Boston in the morning and be in the very heart of a great game country at night.

On the shores of Rangely Lake, is situated a hotel property worth not less than $100,000 – the “Rangely Lake House,” which is supported by the fish and game resources. There, a man may be given six months in jail for killing a deer out of season and at the Parsons Hotel on Dead River where the deer may be seen any sunny morning at the edge of the wood, you can not get venison served unless you legally kill it yourself.

The preservation of the game makes revenue to every man in the country, farmer, guide, boatman, liveryman and hotel keeper.

The time is not too distant when the same conditions may exist here if every citizen will do his own honest part in strengthening the arm of the law. We owe it to ourselves; we owe it to those who come after us.
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19050401Pg3-txt1headline2The Great American Hen.

The great American hen, thrice hail! Here in very sooth is a subject for an epic. In his annual report Secretary Wilson says the farmers’ hens produce one and two-third billions of dozens of eggs every year. Think of that! Under a beneficent republican administration the hens of the American farmyards produce annually 1,666,666,666 dozens of eggs. What is the wealth of a Monte Cristo compared with the wealth produced by these cheerful, clucking, industrious denizens of the barnyard? It invites the mind to rhapsodical flights of fancy.

– Rochester Post-Express.
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19050401Pg4-txt1headlineInternational Happenings

During the week preceeding [sic] March 9th, deaths from plague numbered 34,000. Statistics show that the deaths from bubonic plague in India within a few years have reached 3,000,000. In 1903 the deaths from this source was 860,000.

On March 9th, Lord Rosebery in a speech before the City of London Liberal Club, said: “There is one thing to which no wise statesman ever will expose the country, namely, the curse of a dual government. We have sufficient warnings in the example of Norway and Sweden, and Austria and Hungary to avoid the peril of having the vulture gnawing at our very vitals.”

It is reported that President Castro of Venezuela has sold his government and himself for $2,600,000. Castro’s financial agent at Antwerp has been instructed to sign an agreement with German and British bond holders turning over 50 per cent. of the customs receipts of five Venezuelan ports until the full amount of the indebtedness is paid. This will take about fifty years and will give to Germany and Great Britain a preponderance of influence in the republic. He receives the amount referred to above as a gift.
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NATIONAL.

Wm. R. Hearst announces that his papers will not support Mayor McClellan for re-election as mayor of New York.

It is now reported that Mrs. Huntington and her millions are behind the Western Pacific railroad move, instead of the Goulds.

Harry S. New has been appointed vice-chairman of the Republican National Committee and will be acting chairman upon the resignation of Secretary Cortelyou.

President Roosevelt is not satisfied with the progression made by the Panama Canal Commission – we may look for important changes. Roosevelt has to be shown.

A terrible boiler explosion followed by destructive fire occurred in a Brockton shoe factory the 21st of March. The last accounts we have on going to press state that 53 bodies had been taken from the ruins.

A newspaper advertisement in New York offering a day’s work to fifty snow shovelers brought more than 300 men to the spot before daylight the next morning. When the man appeared with the fifty work checks a rush ensued which necessitated calling the police. When they arrived more than 20 individual couples were engaged in a fist fight for the privilege of shoveling all day for $2.

The President’s cabinet is composed as follows: Secretary of State, John Hay of Ohio. Secretary of the Treasury, Leslie M. Shaw of Iowa. Secretary of War, William H. Taft of Ohio. Secretary of the Interior, Ethan A. Hitchcock of Missouri. Secretary of tin Navy, Paul Morton of Illinois. Secretary of Agriculture, James Wilson of Iowa. Postmaster General, Robert J. Wynne. Attorney General, William H. Moody of Massachusetts. Secretary of Commence [sic] and Labor, Victor H. Metcalf of California.
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19050401Pg4-txt2headlineState Items.

There are but two mining camps in the West and Alaska that produce more mineral wealth than the Coeur d’Alenes, a section 10×20 miles in extent. These are Butte and Cripple Creek. In 1904 the smelter returns for ore shipped from the Cour d’Alenes [sic] was $12,317,375.

At the annual debate between the University of Idaho and the University of Utah held at Moscow, March 9th, the victory was awarded to Idaho. The question was: “Resolved, that it would be unwise to make provision in our laws for compulsory voting.” Idaho had the negative, thus favoring the enactment of such a law.

A terrible accident occurred March 12th to Mrs. P. E. Ellis, wife of postmaster Ellis of Stites. She was riding a spirited horse over a dangerous road when the cinch broke and Mrs Ellis was thrown against a sharp rock at the side of the road. Her skull was crushed, so that parts had to be removed leaving an aperture, 2×3 inches into which was inserted a silver plate. It would hardly seem possible that she could recover but at last accounts she was improving.

On the Middle Fork of the Clearwater River, B. F. Cressler recently had a most marvelous escape from death says the Stites Journal. He was hunting and had chosen a sunny spot on which to eat his lunch. He took a cup of coffee and walked to the edge of a cliff a few feet away where stood a lone fire tree fully 325 feet above the rocks below. Hearing a slight noise he turned and saw a huge black bear eating the bacon he had just left. His rifle stood leaning against a tree very near Mr. Bear who after finishing the bacon, came defiantly toward him. Nothing could be done but climb the tree; this Mr. Cressler did, and did it quickly. The bear came also but with exasperating deliberation. The man had climbed as high as e dared to go. The rocks under the cliff were fully 400 feet below him. He felt pitch on the limb he clasped and with perfect self possession he cut a small limb, split the end and fastened in a piece of the pitch The bear was now within five feet of him; with his only match he lighted the pitch and allowed the scalding drops to fall on the bears face. One burning drop fell into the nostril and the bear, crazed with the pain, raised both front paws to scratch away the fiery torture, lost his hold and fell with a dull thud to the rocks below. Mr. Cressler made haste to desend [sic] and in recounting the adventure modestly said “that was a close call.”
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Clippings from Idaho for April 1 – 8, 1905

Elk City Mining News April 01, 1905

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19050401ElkCityMiningNews1A Five Stamp Mill.

W. Stoever, manager of the Thunder Mountain Gold Mining company, left on Sunday’s stage for Spokane to complete the details preliminary to the shipment of their five stamp mill which the company recently purchased and which will be installed as soon as possible. The first consignment will reach Stites April 20th.

source: Elk City Mining News., April 01, 1905, Page 1, from Chronicling America
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19050401ElkCityMiningNews1headlineARE WAKING UP.

Yesterday the Journal threw a word of warning in respect to the possible effect of the operations of the State Wagon Road commission on the diversion of Thunder Mountain business to the southern part of the state. It is common knowledge that the constantly growing business into Thunder now goes through northern Idaho via Moscow, Lewiston and Stites, geographical conditions being favorable, and the wagon road facilities much better than are available by a southern route.

If the northern wagon road receives a fair share of the appropriation to the disposal of the commission this supremacy, will be retained at the north, but if the road from Stites is neglected and the Boise-Thunder road built on an extensive scale the south will aggrandize itself at the expense of the north, because other things being equal this business would naturally flow through northern channels.

Business men throughout southern Idaho are keenly alive to the possibilities of extending their sphere of trade, and will not lose an opportunity of impressing upon the commission the desirability of improving the wagon road facilities from Boise to Thunder. This course is perfectly proper. At the same time the northern interests should insist if possible that the Stites road receive reasonable consideration. It’s a pure matter of dollars and cents.

– Moscow Journal.

source: Elk City Mining News., April 01, 1905, Page 4, from Chronicling America
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The Weiser Semi-Weekly Signal April 05, 1905

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19050405WeiserSemi-WeeklySignalheadline
The State Will Pay Dollar For Dollar

Decision Reached by Road Commission Now In Session — The Warren – Big Creek Road.

Any section of the state desiring a [wagon] road built under the authority the act of the last legislature establishing a state wagon road commission must pay dollar for dollar [to] the state. That is the decision [arrived] at by the commission, which [is] now session in this city, says [the] Boise Statesman. The commission has but $50,000 at its disposal. Several times that amount is asked in [?] presented during the legislative session which went over by unanimous consent to be considered by the commission. In order that any [applicable] benefits should accrue to [?] parts of the state it was [?] necessary to adopt the dollar [to] dollar rule.

The Commission’s first day was a [?] one. Three delegations were [?] representing the Atlanta, Warren-Big creek and Sheep Mountain [road] projects. The commission also [set] up the work of charting the [roads] asked by the bills presented to [the] legislature.

The commission devoted some time looking over the wagon road bills [that] were printed, and in searching through the records for evidences of [?] that were not printed. As [?] as possible the routes are being charted. All these projects will [be] scheduled under the following [findings]: Length, estimated cost, [State’s] proportion of expense, kind [of] mineral opened up. The commission will send an engineer over [the] various proposed roads and will [?] inspect them. The inspections will be made as fast as weather conditions in the mountains [will] permit. Probably the first examination will be made of the Atlanta project owing to the likelihood [of] the trail being opened early.

In the Weiser delegation, which [?] on behalf of the Warren-Big creek road were E. M. Barton, Dr. G. [?] Waterhouse, Dr. J. R. Numbers and C. W. Luck, the engineer. Others who were present when the project was being discussed were J. B. Eldridge, James Green, ex-Governor Hunt, M. B. Gwinn, J. E. Clinton, Jr., Max Mayfield and Leonard Logan.

Engineer Luck presented a report based on surveys of three routs he had made into the Big creek section for mining companies. His surveys converged at the Werdenhoff mine, which is located in about the center of the district One, 40 miles in length, went from tho Werdenhoff mine over Profile pass, through Yellow Pine basin and, via Johnson creek, to a connecting point with the present Thunder Mountain road. This he called the southern route because the nearest railroad point was Council and because it would be of little use to peoplo in the north. The other survey was from the Werdenhoff mine to Dixie and thence to Stites — the northern route, which would accommodate none from the south.

The third route, and the one which the commission was urged to accept and aid in building road over, was from Warren via Elk creek to the Werdenhoff mine, a distance of 35 1/2 miles, with three miles of the road already built. This route would be available for people in the north, south and west and presented no great difficulties in wagon road construction. There would have to be built three and a half miles of road above the Payette lakes so as to straighten out the state road and place it in the west side of the river. That, with some repairing on the state road, would leave a splendid route from the lakes to Warren. The total cost, including a substantial bridge across the south fork of the Salmon at Shafer’s ranch, would not exceed $30,000.

E. M. Barton said the mining companies and others would pay half this sum.

source: The Weiser Semi-Weekly Signal., April 05, 1905, Page 1, from Chronicling America
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Long Valley Advocate April 06, 1905

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SMITH’S FERRY.

Smith’s Ferry, March 29,1905.

The crusher for the Belle of Thunder Mountain mining company, which passed here about two weeks ago, was at Riordan creek 18 miles this side of Roosevelt when last heard of. The crusher weighs about 7000 pounds all in one piece and is a difficult load to haul on account of condition of roads.

The new saw mill for G. Al. Snow of Knox passed the ferry a few days ago. Air. Snow is also going to put up a quartz mill this summer, a great deal of the machinery is now in Emmett.

F. A. Noland of Van Wyck passed the ferry Tuesday night enroute to Sweet, having got word that his father at that place was very ill.

Winter is again with us, weather has been stormy for past 14 days and in the last 36 hours snow has fallen to a depth of 10 inches.

Roads are very bad for heavy loads, so soft and muddy that wheels must he used and ground will not bear up heavy loads.
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ALPHA

Alpha, April 1, 1906.

The ranchers of this end of the valley are waking up to the fact that it is profitable to raise oats, and a very large acreage is going to be sown this spring.

The Snow freight outfit passed through here last Wednesday with two ten-horse loads of the saw mill machinery that they are putting in on Johnson creek.

B. F. Cushing, an old miner and prospector of Pearl, passed through here Thursday enroute to Thunder Mountain.

Lafe Cantrell and Oscar Pinkston of It attended the Odd Fellows lodge here Saturday night.

John Atkins was visiting friends in Round valley last Saturday and Sunday.

We are enjoying beautiful spring weather again after the recent snow storm.

Mrs. Laurence Herrick was visiting friends in Round valley last week.
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BEAVER MEADOWS

Van Wyck, April 2, 1905.

John McMurren has returned from the Thunder Mountain district, where he has been freighting for the Sunnyside mine. He reports three feet of new snow, also a narrow escape of B. L. Ward’s freight outfit from sliding down the side of Riordan mountain, however they are not going to give up hauling the machinery to its destination.

L. S. Kimball of Van Wyck is the man behind the district telephone project. He generally makes things go.

August Stunz and two daughters, the Misses Bertha and Gretchen, went to Van Wyck Saturday.

Frank McMurren is working at Fred Rutledge’s livery barn at Yan Wyck.

School begins Isere April 3rd.

Source: Long Valley Advocate., April 06, 1905, Page 1, from Chronicling America
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19050406LVAdvocate4headlineNORTH & SOUTH ROAD

Col. Spofford Believes Long Valley Route Will be Selected.

Col. Judson Spofford, president of the Lewiston and Southeastern Electric railway, has returned from an extended visit at Boise, where he states a deep interest has been aroused in the north and south road project, says the Lewiston Tribune. In speaking of the conditions and the outlook for the construction of the north and south road, Col. Spofford said:

“The matters of the Lewiston and Southeastern Electric railway are progressing nicely. Everybody in the southern part of the state seems anxious to see it become the north and south road, between Lewiston and Boise.

“Of course there will be efforts made to have this north and south line terminate at some point other than Boise, but that is a matter the people of that section will have to settle for themselves. In my opinion no route for a north and south road would completely fill the bill unless it went through the Long valley country and would make it practicable to run a branch from some point in the Long valley country into Thunder Mountain. I am firmly of the opinion that if Thunder Mountain had railroad facilities, it would soon become one of the greatest gold mining camps in the United States. And with a north and south road between Lewiston and Boise there would be a fine summer resort at the Payette lakes.

“The joint resolution passed by the legislature, one submitting to the vote of the people a constitutional amendment allowing counties and municipalities to issue bonds in aid of great public utilities, and the one also submitting to a vote of the people an amendment to the constitution allowing the legislature to exempt from taxation for a period of ten years such railroads as would be of great benefit to the state, have already had a splendid effect upon eastern capital and the correspondence I have had with eastern people regarding these matters indicates that We will have no trouble in financing the proposition.”

source: Long Valley advocate., April 06, 1905, Page 5, from Chronicling America
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The Nezperce Herald April 06, 1905

19050406NezperceHerald2headlineFor Idaho Wagon Roads.

The state wagon road commission met in Boise April 3rd and organized with Governor Gooding as chairman and State Senator M. E. Lewis as secretary. The other member is J. W. Wheeler, of Shoshone. It was decided by the commission that no project should be taken up for which private interests did not subscribe as much as would be appropriated by the commission. Delegations ware heard during the day and evening on behalf of the various projects. First came the presentation of the Sheep mountain project. Then the Atlanta road, to give Atlanta and other sections an outlet down the Boise river was heard. In the evening a large delegation from Boise and Weiser was heard on behalf of the road from Warren into the Big Creek district. It was announced the interested people would give half the cost of the road. It was also suggested that the survey already made be adopted as that would save much time, since it will be two months before the engineers can enter the field to make a new survey. The commission did not take action on any project. There is $50,000 appropriated by the state for roads, and it is the intention through the rule adopted to make $100,000 available. The singular fact developed that the law does not carry an emergency clause though it directed the commission to hold its first meeting April 3rd. Consequently the commission will not be able to enter into a contract before May 6. Work until that time will be rather informal.
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Frank and Wallace Hedrick started for Boise last Tuesday with fifty-fire head of horses. These horses will be sold for pack animals to be used in the Thunder Mountain district. Jack Jackson of Kamiah, and Sam Bell, of Nezperce, accompanied the boys on their trip.

source: The Nezperce herald., April 06, 1905, Page 8, from Chronicling America
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Shoshone Journal April 07, 1905

19050407ShoshoneJournal1Shoshone Journal

A Weekly Republican Paper,
W. D. Crocker, Publisher.

Issued Every Friday At
SHOSHONE, a city of 1,000; the county west of Lincoln county, and the best town in Southern Idaho, on the main line of the Oregon Short Line Railway and a junction of the same line of road to Ketchum, a distance of (?) miles and the nearest route to Thunder Mountain.

Subscription, Per Year, $2.00
Payable in Advance.

Entered at the post office at Shoshone, Idaho, as second-class mail matter for  transmission through the United States mails.

source: Shoshone Journal., April 07, 1905, Page 4, from Chronicling America
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The Caldwell Tribune April 08, 1905

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D. M. Traynor and family left for Thunder Mountain Thursday.

source: The Caldwell tribune., April 08, 1905, Page 5, from Chronicling America
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Elk City Mining News April 08, 1905

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Rudolph & Medaris have put their ferry in shape to handle all trade with safety and dispatch. They are looking for a heavy travel toward Thunder Mountain this summer.
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19050408ElkCityMiningNews2headlineMixed in His Geography.

The Evening Journal of Portland publishes the following interview given out by the editor of the Grangeville News, who is visiting in that city, and who, if quoted correctly, is guilty of the provincial’s blunder of mixing more than his geography.

“Central Idaho is a land of virgin mineral resources, operating mines and witchery for the prospector,” says H. L. Herzinger, editor of the Grangeville News, who is in this city. “Many districts are being brought out, and most of these are equipped for milling and heavy placer work. Aside from being a much used highway to Thunder Mountain, this region,” Mr Herzinger says, “is thronged with mining men.

“In Clearwater district, near Grangeville, the Dewey and Evergreen are developing constantly. Arrangements are being made by the management of the Dewey for a 10-stamp milling plant to be erected this summer.

“Newsome district, next above Clearwater, is most conspicuous at present from remarkable developments of the great porphyry dyke property of Schissler Bros. Other men are doing heavy development in this district.

“Buffalo Hump, which is next in order, has several mills. The Big Buffalo’s 24 stamps are said to be dropping steadily on high grade milling ore. At the Jumbo ten stamps are dropping, and the Atlas and Wise Boy mines are equipped with 10-stamp mills. The Concord owner is arranging to put a mill in at an early date. The good ore recently encountered in the Mother Lode has encouraged the management to erect a mill, work on which is expected to commence early this spring. In general, the Hump is more active this spring than ever before in its history.

“At Four Mile there is one property destined to command national attention. This is the big Hogan mine, on which the great, milling plant of the old Republic mine, at Republic, Wa., is being installed. Over 100 tons of machinery for the Hogan went through Grangeville this winter and spring, and more is to follow. April 1 was the date set by the management to commence milling with the enlarged plant. The Hogan has been using a 20-stamp mill for some time, making in this work a record for low mining and milling never exceeded in the northwest, unless at the Barns-King, Kendall or Big Indian mines of Montana. With the new equipment the management expects to make even a better record.

“Elk City is another promising interior district of central Idaho, where several placers are said to be making good records. Moose Creek, where a big placer deal was recently consummated, is near Elk City.

“Warren has several quartz properties and three or four prominent placers. Senator W. A. Clark’s eldest son was in there several days ago, and is currently reported to have an option on the McKinley mine, which has a good showing of ore.”

source: Elk City mining news., April 08, 1905, Page 1, from Chronicling America
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Link to Thunder Mountain and Roosevelt index page

Link: Public folder with images of the old newspapers
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Idaho History Jan 12, 2020

The Prospector and Thunder Mountain News March 25, 1905

courtesy Sandy McRae and Jim Collord

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The Prospector and Thunder Mountain News

Roosevelt, Idaho March 25, 1905 Volume 1 Number 15

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The Famous Thunder Mountain Gold Fields.
Its Past, Present And Great Future
By Ernest Clark

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Its Early History.

The Thunder Mountain gold fields with its vast resources of mineral wealth, prior to the real stampede of the years 1901 and ‘2 was a vast expance [sic] of mountainous country inhabited only a few months in the year by a few hardy trappers and gold seekers, who, in quest of what they sought, were led into these places which the onward march of civilization had not reached. It was here in the early days that Uncle Sam sent his troops to combat with the so-called Sheep-eater Indians, a hostile band composed chiefly of renegades from other tribes, who after committing their depredations of murdering and plundering among the white settlers of the far distant valleys, would retreat to this wild and rocky region to divide the spoils and formulate plans to carry out more of their fiendish work. Uncle Sam being successful in the dispersing of the band withdrew his troops, leaving the country in its former state of tranquility, and to the large bands of deer and other wild game which abounded in plenty.

THE DISCOVERY OF GOLD.

In recent years at frequent intervals, parties of adventures would come into this, then unexplored region to hunt and prospect for gold but it remained for the Caswell brothers in the year 1893 to be the successful ones in the finding of the precious metal; prospecting with pan and rocker on what is now known as Monumental Creek, and being rewarded by the finding of the yellow grains of gold, they followed up stream, until the mouth of Mule Creek, as it is now called, was Leached. This stream being one of the many tributaries of the above named creek. Here bigger results were obtained; pay dirt being found in large deposits, the working of which resulted in a big clean up, and also the building of a permanent camp and the bringing in of supplies, to enable the discoverers to thoroughly prospect the creek.

The shortness of the season, and the difficulties which were to be encountered and overcome in the bringing of the necessary supplies to the camp, to carry out the work, were such as to dampen the arder [sic] of the most enthusiastic prospector, with a limited water supply; and the slow tedious work of whip-sawing lumber for their sluce [sic] boxes, and often times the shortness of provisions, and other set-backs, too numerous to mention here, had to be endured.

THE SOURCE OF SUPPLY.

These men coming as they did from old pioneer stock and possessing their accustomed tenacity of purpose overcame these obstacles, and each successive season would find them busily engaged in the work of slucing [sic] their ground, and extracting therefrom gold dust in sufficient quantities to amply reward them for their trials and privations which they went through.

It was not however until the year 1901 that they discovered what proved to be a great bonanza, the finding of which not only brought to them an independent fortune, but caused a stampede into the country, the magnitude of which has been characterized as a close rival to the great rush of gold seekers into the Klondyke [sic] region of Alaska.

The working out of the different paystreaks as they were found and the prospecting for more led the Caswells to the headwaters of the stream, and also to the great reef of gold bearing, conglomerate, that stands majestically at its head.

Here indeed was the source of supply; from whence came the gold was no longer to them a mystery. Old father time, with the aid of the elements had done its work, and done it well.

THE BONDING OF THE PROPERTY BY COL. DEWEY.

The decomposing and the consequent sluffing of the rock containing the precious metal and the carrying and depositing of the same down stream by the rushing waters of the melting snows thereby causing what is known and eagerly looked for by prospectors, viz: rich placer diggings; it was also the means by which the Caswells found the source of supply.

The subsequent finding of several pockets of gold containing many thousands of dollars, led the discovers to visit the outside world, where they could have and enjoy the luxuries of life which their hard earned wealth would bring them.

About this time the news of the rich strike reached the ears of Col. Dewey, of Silver City fame, also renowned for his successful achievements in the mining world. The coming together of the Caswells and this master miner resulted in the bonding of their property to him for the sum of $100,000 and the sending into the district of Thos. Reed, the well known mining expert, a graduate from the hard school of experience. The submitting of his report verifying the glowing accounts, and the bringing out of rock glistening with the yellow metal, resulted in the closing of the deal, and the opening up of a dividend paying property known as the Dewey mine. In the fall of 1901 this property was equipped with a modern ten stamp mill with its necessary requirements, and was both night and clay pounding out the precious metal.

The bringing in and installing of the mill at that time can be recorded as a brilliant achievement; everything had to be packed on horses and mules being used for this purpose; trails had to be blazed and built; raging streams to be bridged, and other difficulties too numerous to be mentioned here, had to be overcome.
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caption: The 20th Century Mining & Power Co.’s Stamp Mill loaded and ready to leave Boise for Roosevelt
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THE INSTALLATION OF MILL – REPORTS OF OTHER RICH STRIKES.

This mill has been in constant operation since that time and stands as a living monument to those brave men who risked both life and limb to make this possible.

The taking hold of the property by Col. Dewey and the large sum of money that changed hands in the transaction spread like wild fire, and acted as an incentive to those already in the district to go out and prospect on their own account; quickly came the reports of other big strikes and in an incredable [sic] short space of time, the ground adjacent to the great Dewey mine, for several miles in all directions was staked and claimed by those, who fortunately were in the district at that time.

THE STAMPEDE – SCARCITY OF PROVISIONS.

The making of many rich discoveries, and the purchase of the Sunnyside and Fairview properties by Pittsburg capitalists for large sums of money, and the quick sales of other locations had its effect in the creating of a stampede of large proportions. The boom was on. The winter months found the camp suffering from a scarcity of the necessities of life; there were no provisions to be had it seemed at any price; those fortunate enough to be the possessors of a sack of flour, a slab of bacon and a few other staple articles were made tempting offers to part with what they had; it is on record that $60 was paid for a 50 pound sack of flour, and the purchaser considered he was lucky in getting it at that price.

The approach of spring 1902 saw the commencement of the great rush of gold seekers from the outside world, into the new found El Dorado, the breaking up of the snow trails made travelling slow and difficult. Those who had the misfortune of having pack animals found that no progress could be mad at all; these and other hardships had its discouraging effect on the tenderfoot who, having left the comforts of the outside world was beginning to realize that he was up against it. Time seasoned prospector, who had been there before, found no difficulty in making tracks for Thunder Mountain.

THE BOOMING OF THE TOWNSITE – THE SURVIVAL OF THE FITTEST.

The price of foodstuffs at this time were still held at Klondyke [sic] prices and the coming of the summer months saw the creating and booming of the Roosevelt, Marble, and Thunder Mountain City townsites, log houses sprang up as if by magic, streets were surveyed, lots staked off, and scenes of great activity were witnessed; it remained, however, for the survival of the fittest to be the metropolis of the district. The town of Roosevelt, named in honor of our illustrious president, having secured both the postoffice and recorders office, and having many other natural advantages over its rivals, soon took the lead, and with the co-opperation [sic] of its enterprising inhabitants soon took on airs of a bustling mining town.

The arriving almost hourly of numerous pack animals, loaded down with the necessities of life and other commodites [sic] also had its effect in the creating of scenes of great activity in the camp.

THE COW PACK TRAIN.

It was at this time that the unique spectacle was witnessed of the arrival in town of a cow pack train, the particulars of which are worthy of mention here. A. D. Clark, an enterprising rancher of Boise valley, having heard that the good people of Roosevelt were in need of fresh milk, and were willing to pay a good price for it, hit upon a novel scheme whereby he could not only satisfy their demands, but bring in at the same time those staple articles which there was a good market for at that time; this up to date farmer, believed in the old adage of the killing of two birds with one stone, and with this in mind, he had pack saddles made to fit his cows and thereby proceeded to pack them; it is needless to state that on several occasions he found his goods going in all directions, but as persistancy [sic] generally has its results one way or the other, these animals realizing that it was a case of being packed became reconciled to their fate and carried their burdens of 150 to 200 pounds into the goldfields with apparent ease. The old time prospector on seeing this pack train of ten cows was forced to admit that it was a new one on him. Mr Clark found a ready market for his milk, which he disposed of for $1.00 per gallon and the demand was greater than the supply at that.

THE CONFIDENCE IN THE CAMP.

The reports of rich strikes coming in from day to day and the forming of numerous companies to take hold of these new finds, coupled with the news of the commencement of the building of a wagon road into the district by Boise business men and the arriving and unloading at Emmett of the 40 stamp mill and bucket tramway for the Sunnyside Mining Co. had its incentive in the creating of confidence among the many in the great future of the camp.

The great excitement at this time had somewhat subsided, the open trails made travelling less hazardous, and was also the means of freeing the camp of a class of individuals, who having failed in their quest for what they sought took it upon themselves to try and discourage others, and often times were successful in so doing.

The approach of winter found the camp in a prosperous condition, with the development of the many properties the owners of which were enabled to have as greater insight into the general conditions as they really were, and at that time, little understood. The results of the winters work were such as to give great encouragement to those who were engaged in the opening up, and the proving of this new country.

THE FINDING OF RICH ORE BODIES IN THE SUNNYSIDE.

The coming of the spring, 1903, was hailed with joy by the many who had put in the long winter months in the district, and with the disappearance of the snow, pack trains began to arrive loaded with provisions, which, by this time, had become a very scarce article in the camp. It was at this time that the welcome news was received, of the work under way on the new State wagon road, and its possible completion into the district before the winter months set in; this, however, was not to be, owing to the difficulties which were to be met with in the construction, and the selection of the most feaseable [sic] route into the district. This road was built to Johnson creek; where work was suspended until the following year.

The comprehensive development work which bad been carried on in the district, was by this time showing big results. The opening up of mammoth ore bodies in the great Sunnyside mine, and also rich finds on other properties, not only demonstrated, but proved the positive statements made by conservative mining men that Thunder Mountain was destined to become one of the great mining camps of the West, and her future one of great promise.

(Continued to Page Six.)
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The President and the Monroe Doctrine.

The Capital News in commenting upon the attitude of the president concerning the Santa Domingo affair says:

“Upon the whole the action of the president is not so much for the protection and safety of the Dominicans as for the maintenance of the supremacy of the United States, upon the western continent, and yet there is a growing body of Americans who would not care if the more progressive of the European nations were to secure a foothold in South America and the nearby islands.”

We agree with the News that the president does have the “protection and safety of the Dominicans” less at heart than he does the “supremacy of the United States upon the western continent” but we believe there is no “growing body of Americans” who would not regard with the deepest displeasure and alarm any attempt on the part of any European nation to acquire any territory on the western continent.

Such an act would be fraught With continual and perpetual … (page torn) … [United] States. The world has not yet arrived at that stage where war may be avoided by moral suasion – until the majority of the individuals which go to make up the human race become honest and frank and observant of all their neighbor’s rights, no safeguard for national protection and security may wisely be omitted. Until that time arrives, even a coaling station or harbor of refuge for a foreign fleet, is a menace to the safety of the United States.
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The North & South Railway.

Three great railway lines cross the State of Idaho from east to west: the Great Northern, on the extreme north; the Northern Pacific, a few miles south; and the Oregon Short Line; in the extreme southern part of the State at its greatest breadth. But no railway traverses the State in a general northerly and southerly direction. Already this subject has received considerable attention from those having the interests of the whole state at heart and feeling loyalty to the commonwealth of Idaho.

Of course it is a matter for capitalists to decide. A vast amount of money would be required to connect Lewiston by a direct line with southern points of the State but we believe that in the near future the vast and diversified resources of Idaho will warrant the construction of such a line. The geographical outline of the State is such that those dwelling in the far northern part are in close proximity to two other states and have little in common with the southern part. It is most desirous that the “North and South Railway” should soon be built thus drawing into closer relationship the extreme points of our great Idaho.
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The National Debt.

On the 31st day of August, 1865, the national debt of the United States government reached its highest point, being $2,756,431,571. In less than forty years the debt has been reduced nearly fifteen hundred million dollars; on March 1st, 1905, it was $1,280,255,997. This enormous debt was caused largely by the great civil war, but if no large national calamity occurs within the next fifty years, the government will have accomplished the gigantic task of liquidating a debt of nearly three billion dollars.
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We publish this week an article by Ernest Clark giving briefly the history of Thunder Mountain and its environment. We believe this is the best pen sketch ever given of the growth and development of this great mining camp.
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The Secret of Happiness.

The man who can drill his thoughts, so as to shut out every thing that is depressing and discouraging and see only the bright side even of his misfortunes and failures, has mastered the secret of happiness and success. He has made himself a magnet to draw friends, cheer, brightness and good fortune to him. Every one is pleased to see him. His presence is like a sunbeam on a dull day.

There is no accomplishment, no touch of culture, no gift which will add so much to the alchemic power of life as the optimistic … (page torn) … [be] cheerful and happy no matter what comes to us. It will smooth rough paths, light up gloomy places, and melt away obstacles as the sunshine melts snow on the mountain side
– O. S. Marden in Success Magazine.
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Subscribe for THE THUNDER MOUNTAIN NEWS.
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Appearances Are Deceitful.

There was a young lady of Skye,
With a shape like a capital I;
She said, “It’s too bad!
But then I can pad,” —
Which shows you that figures can lie.
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Topics of the Day.

Single eyeglasses are prohibited in the German army.

An eel has two separate hearts. One beats over 60, the other 160 times a minute.

Chas. Moncky, the inventor of the “monkey wrench,” so miscalled still lives in Williamsburg, N. J.

Persons are killed at the rate of one for every day in the year in the new York City streets by vehicles.

The deepest well ever drilled in America is said to be 6000 feet. It is located at West Elizabeth, Pennsylvania.

A song called the “Hymn to Apollo,” written 280 years B. C., has just been sung for the first time in England.

It is said that Henry Clay, the “great compromiser,” once lost an estate valued at $25,000 on a single hand of poker.

The country which sells most to Japan is British India, Great Britain coming next, with China third, the United States fourth and Germany fifth.

The fact that a single telephone company has within ten months made 6000 contracts for telephones in New England is an indication of the enterprise of eastern agriculturists.

James G. Blaine and Roscoe Conklin had each for the other a relentless, undiring [sic] hatred. Robert G. Ingersoll nominated Blaine for the presidency and delivered the funeral eulogy of Conklin.

The two deepest vertical shafts in America are the Tamarack No. 5 shaft of the Tamarack Co. (4938 feet) and the Red Jacket of the Calumet & Hecla Co (4920 feet), in the Lake Superior copper region.

A girl baby weighing fourteen and one-half ounces was recently born at Jersey City. It is considered the smallest child ever born. She measures less than ten inches. She is beautiful in form and perfectly healthy.

There is such a thing as being too cautious, hence we cannot blame the New York man who is suing for divorce because his wife insisted on wearing her shoes to bed so that she might be prepared for instant flight in case of fire.

The Woman’s Army and Navy league members have made a plea for the restoration of the canteen. That is very impudent of them. Being wives and daughters of military men, they cannot possibly know the needs of the army so well as the W. C. T. U.
– Salt Lake Tribune.

President Luther, of Trinity college, at Hartford, Conn., preached one Sunday, on the story of Esther. He concluded with the words: “So they hanged Haman on the gallows that he had prepared for Mordecai, and everyone was pleased.” Then, as the irony appealed to him, he added in a lower tone, “except Haman.”
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Mining As a Civilizer.

At the thirty second annual dinner of the old students of the Royal School of Mines, held recently at the Hotel Cecil, London, says the Daily Mining Record, T. A. Rickard, editor of the Engineering and Mining Journal was master of ceremonies. Mr. Rickard, in proposing a toast to the Royal School of Mines, gave utterance to very eloquent words concerning the civilizing effects of the mining industry. From the Record’s report of this speech we quote the closing words:

“You know what blazing the trail means? How prospectors, in marking their way through the forest, chop a bit of bark off the trees at intervals of ten or fifteen yards, so that, when the winter snow covers the track, these light patches on the dark tree trunks may guide the wayfarer. Mining, gentlemen, has blazed the trail of empire. In Australia, and Africa, it is true, the first explorers were not miners; they were geographers, hunters and missionaries. They came and they went, their heroism has thrilled three generations and has given us a heritage of noble deeds; but there was no practical result until the miner came. The English sailor made outposts of empire at many a distant haven, and the roving Britisher criss crossed the map of regions heretofore unknown; but the actual development of these vast areas was started, not by the sword, not by the pen, but by the pick. Trade followed the flag, but the flag followed the miner.”
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Editorial.

To the Memory of the Pioneers of American Mining.

I have a toast; lift high the glass
To those old heroes who
First crossed the plains and found the pass,
To make a way for you.

To those who traced the river gold
The Spaniards sought in vain;
The first to see the range unfold
Beyond the sagebrush plain.

Those Argonauts of yesterday,
Whose Colchis dream came true;
Those voyageurs who cleared the way
More wisely than they knew.

The track they broke for other men
Is crossed by rail and plow:
And where they built their camp-fires then,
The cities bivouac now.

Their footsteps linked the sounding shore
From Sandy Hook to Golden Gate;
Their deeds breathe youth for evermore,
A bugle call to challenge fate

The great cathedral guards their sleep,
The unfettered sky is over them,
The proud Sierras vigil keep,
And wind and wave their requiem

A toast to the adventurous!
Explorers, miners, engineers!
Who blazed the trail ahead for us,
The pioneers! the pioneers!

– T. A. Rickard.
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A Suggestion.

Did it ever occur to you that the hot air artist is on top? He will do more toward promoting a property in one hour than still water will in a month. Don’t class this hot air artist with the wind-jammer; that would never do. The wind-jammer means well and was kind to his aged parents no doubt, but he can not promote property. He generally starts out above safe working pressure. Throws the throttle wide open. exhausts his dome of wisdom and runs the gage to zero at the same time. When such a draft strikes a prospective buyer it reminds him of an engagement he has with a man up the street and makes haste to keep it. If wind-jammer has any energy left he turns it on some good natured bartender for about three fingers of regards. The artist opens up like a pin-hole in a bicycle tire; the volume increases or diminishes to suit the occasion and the result is that the prospective decides to send his experts to look the property over and in the majority of cases proves profitable to artist and prospective alike. The next time we see he artist he will in all probability be loading a pack-train with supplies for a dozen men and writes superintendent after his name.

There are numerous claims we hear little or nothing about; they have good showings and will some day make mines but are in the background for the lack of hot air. “Still water runs deep” but the rapids fascinate us. Let still water turn his claims over to the rapids or the artist, he will see that they make their debut, so to speak, and once before the public eye they will talk for themselves.

– J. R. L.
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Charles W. Neff and James Tucker have both been quite sick with grippe, but each is convalesing [sic]. Mr. Neff was about town again the first of the week and Mr. Tucker is again attending to his business.
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Mining News

Dorsey, Milmore and Rowe were awarded the contract of 200 feet on the Blue Point Tunnel for the 20th Century Mining & Power Company.

The H. Y. -Climax Co. commenced Tuesday to drive a tunnel on the Polo Duro claim above the Lightning Peak Trail. Superintendent Whitlock says the operations on the mine will soon proceed in earnest. Just what the development work will be has not yet been decided.

At the Sunnyside. Supt. Abbott finds considerable work attached to getting the tramway re adjusted and put into conditions for carrying the ore to the mill. This will cause no particular delay however. Mr. Abbott like every one else in town is much pleased to learn that the crusher is so near the camp. It will arrive in a few days.

Robert Skinner, H. A. Hummell and Geo Swayne are feeling much elated over the outlook on their property which lies at the head of Three Mile creek on the Cottonwood side. After running through a conglomerate 27 feet they struck a body of ore which pans freely. The say it resembles ore found at both the Standard and Dewey mines.
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Wilson Creek.

A. T. Fuller arrived from Wilson Creek Thursday and will return in a few days.

Mr. Fuller says of the country: that the ledges as a rule, are narrow; that three great dykes traverse the country from north to south and are traceable for several miles. The upper one on the hillside is composed of trachite – about 75 feet wide; the next below is of schist, about 100 feet in width, and the lower one of granite is fully 120 feet wide. He says that between each of these dykes is a body of oxidized quartz averaging 18 inches in width at the surface and running diagonally across these great dykes are what seem. to be “stringers” of 20 or 24 inches in bredth [sic].

Mr. Fuller believes that these stringers will become “confined” – that is, will disappear from this diagonal direction at a depth of 150 feet and merge into the lateral veins.

There is no doubt about the richness of these veins – the free gold is plainly visible to the naked eye. And if development work proves the lodes to be of any considerable extent the country will surely he a good one.
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State News.

A. E. Carlson, of Wallace, has purchased the business of the Coffin Clinton Hardware Co. at Boise. It is a big deal involving $100,000.

On March 8th Senator Heyburn introduced to President Roosevelt the five boys from the Idaho high schools who took part in the inaugural parade. The president congratulated the boys on their appearance in the parade and spoke of his keen interest in their state.
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Patrick O’Donnell is on the sick list.
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(Continued from First Page.)

SALE OF THE H. Y.

The sale of the H. Y. group to New York capitalists for a large sum, and the bonding and selling of other properties added to the enthusiasm which was being displayed by those who believed in the future of the great gold camp.

THE BLOCKING OUT OF LARGE ORE RESERVES IN THE DEWEY AND SUNNYSIDE MINES.

The town of Roosevelt was on the boom ; buildings were going up from day to day, its business as well as its population greatly increasing, and many other improvements were under way. Its business men were anxiously waiting for the great event, of the coming of the wagon road, as their present means of transportation, although slow and sure, was inadequate to meet the demand and supply.

The Dewey mine and mill at this time was in operation both night and day; a full working force of men being constantly employed, large ore bodies were being blocked out and reserved for the 100 stamp mill which had been unloaded and stored away at Emmett. Tons and tons of other machinery was also patiently waiting for the great evens of the completion of the State wagon road into the great gold camp.

The Sunnyside company also had a large working force busily engaged both night and day in the blocking out of the great ore bodies, which was to supply the 40 stamp mill that was to be brought in and installed the following summer.

THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE 20TH CENTURY HOLDINGS.

The enterprising 20th Century Mining Co. had a large force of men, at this time, busily engaged in the construction of their saw-mill, ditch, and buildings on their townsite two miles south of Roosevelt. This company was also engaged in the driving of several long tunnels that were to tap the ore bodies at a great depth, which were known to exist on the property.

The past winter’s experience in the shortness of provisions, being a guide to the one fast approaching, the citizens of Roosevelt made great efforts to have a large supply on hand which resulted in the camp being well equipped with the necessities of life, and comforts that were not to be had the previous winter.

The coming of the year 1904 can be characterized as being the banner year in the history of the Thunder Mountain mining district and with the early approach of spring travellers began to arrive at the metropolis, bringing with them glowing reports of the high esteem the great gold camp was held at, by people of all classes in the outside world.

CLEAN UP – OF $20,000 AT THE DEWEY.

The Dewey mine and mill after a successful winters run was forced to close down on account of the using up of the available wood supply. The management up to this period had been very reticent concerning the inside workings, and the production of bullion of this famous property, the giving out of the news by E. H. Dewey of the March clean-up of the large sum of $20,000 was therefore, not only good news to the camp, but received with general satisfaction elsewhere.

THE COMPLETION OF THE WAGON ROAD – 250 MEN ON THE SUNNYSIDE PAYROLL.

The early summer months saw the completion of the State wagon road into the camp, and the realization of the long felt want.

Roosevelt was no longer isolated from the outside world, and her citizens had good cause to rejoice. A wagon road was also constructed from town to the Dewey, H. Y., and Sunnyside properties, and an up-to-date telephone and electric light system installed. In the meantime wagons loaded down with the heavy machinery and supplies of all descriptions were arriving daily for the Sunnyside Mining Co. who were making strenuous efforts to have the building of their mill and cable tramway completed and in operation before the winter set in. At Belleco, great activity was to be seen on every hand, a saw-mill being busily engaged in the sawing of the lumber for the 40 stamp mill and various other buildings which were then under way; large forces of men were engaged in the constructor of the cable tramway and other important work. This company during the summer months had as many as 250 men on the their payroll at good wages, and was a great factor in the creating of the boom, which was experienced at this time.

The H. Y. Mining Co. also had extensive improvements under way, the most important being the construction of a shaft house and the installation of the hoist and the commencement of the sinking of the shaft which would tap their ore bodies at a great depth.

The 20th Century Mining & Power Co. were also extensive employers of labor at this time, many improvements were being made on their townsite two miles south of Roosevelt, their saw mill was kept in constant operation to supply the demands which were made upon it by the many buildings that were in the course of construction; miners were busily engaged, both night and day, in the driving of the several tunnels that were to open up the ore bodies that were on the property.

Other extensive improvements too numerous to mention here under way in the district, and the coming in daily of encouraging reports from those engaged in the development work on their properties, was an incentive to the doing of greater things in the future.

THE PROVING OF THE EXISTANCE [sic] OF THE GREAT GOLD BLANKET DEPOSIT.

The ground adjacent to the great Sunnyside mine had been acquired by this enterprising company, and a boring machine in operation demonstrated the fact that the great gold bearing blanket deposit covered an extensive area, and was from eight to forty feet in thickness The successful results obtained by this steam drill in its quest for the precious metal, resulted in a stampede of no small proportions to secure locations, and the making of over 200 of them in a short space of time would be interesting reading would space allow. The coming of the winter months saw the completion of the stamp mill and cable tramway but its successful operation, however, was deferred on account of defects found in the clutches on the ore buckets this, however, at the present time of writing has been remedied and with the installation of the new rock rusher that is on its way into the district for this property, the near future will witness the starting up of the mill, and the pounding out of the gold both night and day, from the mammoth ore bodies that have been blocked out for this purpose.

SUCCESSFUL RUNNING OF THE DEWEY.

The coming in of the present year found the gold camp in a state of great prosperity. The Dewey mine and mill since starting in the month of July has been in constant operation both night and day since that time, forty men being on the payroll; the monthly output of bullion has been made public through the medium of this paper from time to time and speaks well for the able and popular management of E. Haug, who, being handicapped by wearing machinery and many other disadvantages, has made this possible.

The great find of a large body of free-milling ore on what is known as the Standard property, and the important development work under way by D. S. Cotter and others located on the great blanket deposit with successful results, not only goes to show the proving of the camp, but also the positive statements made by conservative mining experts, who did not err in their judgment when they pronounced the Thunder Mountain mining district to be one of great promise, and the making of a great mining camp.

THE GREAT FUTURE OF THE CAMP.

The coming summer will witness the bringing in and installation of several stamp mills, and a persistant [sic] rumor going the rounds has it, that the 100 stamp mill for the great Dewey mine is to be brought in and installed.

The town of Roosevelt is in a state of great progressiveness; numerous buildings are in the course of construction; its merchants have a large stock of provisions, and dry goods of all kinds on hand, that would do credit to a town many times its size.

The Bell Telephone Co. with the disappearance of the snow will hasten the work of construction of the system into the camp, the completion of which, will be the connecting link of the district and the outside world.

The first term of school to be held in Roosevelt will shortly commence. A Sunshine club organized by the enterprising ladies of the town has been very successful in its results, and the near future will witness the realization of the hopes of a great many, viz: a free library in operation, and many other undertakings for the good and well-fare of its citizens.

In closing the writing of the history of the camp I will say that those, who like myself, having been in the district from its birth, and been close observers of its progress from year to year will bear with me when I make the statement, that the Thunder Mountain mining district not only has a a future of great promise, but is distined [sic] to take its place in the front ranks of the gold-producing camps of the world.
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The Capital News of March 7th copies the article on “Little Indian Creek District” written by Ernest Clark for THE THUNDER MOUNTAIN NEWS of Feb. 11th.
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Idaho History Jan 5, 2020

The Prospector and Thunder Mountain News March 18, 1905

courtesy Sandy McRae and Jim Collord

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The Prospector and Thunder Mountain News

Roosevelt, Idaho March 18, 1905 Volume 1 Number 14

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A Remarkable Railroad.

The northern part of the state of Maine is threaded with a railroad of two-foot gauge.

The inhabitants of that section have years since, ceased to wonder at this miniature of iron traction; in fact, children have been born and grown to manhood within sound of its trains and are awestruck at their first view of the massive locomotive and, comparatively large, cars of the standard gauge at the terminus of this narrow gauge road. Its construction was began about 1878 from Farmington, the terminal of the great Main Central Road, and has been continually pushed into the very heart of Maine’s virgin lumber centers, and her unparalleled hunting and fishing grounds.

This road is of exactly two-foot gauge. The locomotives are powerful and capable of great speed. The daily runs over parts of the road being made at the rate of forty miles an hour. The drive wheels are about twenty-six inches in diameter and the engines are compact and yet graceful in appearance.

The road gives most excellent passenger service as its palace cars, with single seats on each side upholstered in fine plush are perfect little boudoirs of comfort.

At the time this unique rail road was begun there were but two others of this gauge in the world – one in Texas, since discontinued, and one in Switzerland, still in operation. The particular advantages of such a road were carefully investigated before construction was began and results have shown the wisdom of the promoters. The stock of the Sandy River Railroad, the first division, soon went to par and has ever since paid dividends. The road has but one drawback and this is incident to its very life as a railroad. Its freight and passengers must be transferred. The country through which this two-foot gauge runs would not support a standard gauge road and this peculiar and remarkable system is perhaps the only one exactly adaptable to its environment.

It runs into a rich lumber country covered with white birch, yellow birch, rock maple and the finest of pine, spruce and hemlock. The products of this timberland are shipped to all parts of the world.

But perhaps the largest resource of this road is the fish and game of the district surrounding its terminal at Rangeley. Nestling among the beautiful hills, lies one of the most enchanting system of lakes. In their crystal surface is reflected the verdure of a forest in which lurks the wild deer and the “Monarch of the Glen.”

For three months of the year these may be shot, but the law of the state is so willingly upheld, that practically no large game is gathered in close season – the open months are October, November and December. The close observance of the law has increased the game until the northern part of the state is fairly overrun and the sportsman may leave Boston in the morning and arriving at Farmington in the afternoon, may take the narrow gauge train and in his cozy quarters forget the teeming city. The sylvan beauty is delightful and a very few hour’s run brings him to the verge of the Rangeleys, the finest fishing grounds in the world, and where deer and caribou come down to drink and in the listless sunshine toss their pretty heads and slowly walk away into the deep shades of the wood.
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Note: Sandy River and Rangeley Lakes Railroad – Wikipedia
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Natures Art in Thunder Mountain.

The Thunder Mountain country has many striking views, in fact it is situated in the midst of most wild and rugged scenery. Surrounded as it is on all sides by lofty ranges and mighty peaks, the view from any nearby lofty elevation is grand and impressive. Mountains are everywhere, range on range till they disappear in the dim haze of the distance. Among the many interesting scenes of the district, Monumental creek, upon whose banks is situated the town of Roosevelt, perhaps is unsurpassed.

Its name is self-explanatory. On the sides of its rocky canyon tower strange and fantastic shapes, which to the new comer excite constant surprise and wonder. The most striking of these are the “Roosevelt Monument,” (page torn) … Roosevelt.”

The first named is a most peculiar and interesting phenomenon. It is situated several miles below town right in the bed of the stream. Its height is about 75 feet and its construction and general appearance seems to indicate that at one time back in the dim past, the bed of the stream was on a level with the top of this monument. It is slim and graceful, being but a few feet in circumference and at the very top rests a huge boulder so delicately poised that one wonders at its quiet repose through all the centuries of the geological past.

“Suicide Cliff” is not thus named on account of any tragedy that has ever taken place there, but the name is nevertheless suggestive. It is situated on the west side of Monumental creek about two miles north of town.

Its perpendicular wall rises several hundred feet above the creek which runs at its base, and like all perpendicular precipices, it seems to the traveler on the trail a few feet from its base, that it is fairly overhanging him and is about to topple from its rock bound station.

But the most beautiful of all, is “Lady Roosevelt,” named for the gracious mistress of the White House. Nature has perhaps no prettier statue in the state. It is not obtrusive but stands in graceful pose at the very top of the cliff on the west side of the canyon. It is the superb figure of a woman; the head is delicate and pretty. The bust is plainly outlined and from the waist the solid rock forms a long flowing robe graceful in every line.

Happily this statue is so situated that it is best seen from a point in the very center of the town, and shows to best advantage just after the sun has sunk behind the canyon wall, where it rests in serene profile against the evening sky.
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Among the Mines.

DEWEY.

Supt. E. Haug, of the Dewey mine, arrived Thursday afternoon from Boise. Mr. Haug has been on an extended trip to the East where he attended the stockholders meeting at Pittsburg. At this meeting G. T. Bradener was elected president of the company. Mr. Bradener and T. N. Barnsdale, one of the directors, will arrive early in the season for a visit to the mine. Mr. Dewey also will be in Roosevelt early in the summer. Mr. Haug finds that operations at the mine have been carried on in a most satisfactory manner during his absence.

SUNNYSIDE.

The Bur Oak tunnel has been driven to a distance of 1820 feet. At this point a raise to the surface will be made of three compartments. At this point the shaft is 192 feet from the surface.

Supt. Abbott is anxiously waiting for the crusher when the mill will soon start. The tram and all other apparatus will soon be in readiness.

20TH CENTURY.

(page torn) … Point and Toltac tunnels are making a fine showing.

Mr. Z. A. Harris, president and general manager of the 20th Century Co. has purchased ten spans of mules with which the company’s freight will be drawn this coming season. The first consignment will leave Boise about April 1st.

STANDARD.

Work is progressing with increased activity at the Standard mine; two more miners are engaged for the first of the week and each day the mine seems to give further guarantee of its stability and resources.

THE EMPRESS.

The Empress Mining & Milling Co. are now pushing work on their main tunnel which is in 225 feet. They are in a granite formation.

Within a few weeks we shall have new mines to report; this year will be one of great activity for this camp.
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The Lewis & Clark Exposition.

The greatest of all western expositions will open at Portland June 1.

It will be, like all other great fairs, a source of education as well as of pleasure and recreation, but its benefits to the northwest will not end here. Thousands of people from all parts of the country will visit the exposition and they will arrive during the most beautiful months of the year and will experience the cool, delightful climate of our great northwest, unexcelled in any part of the United States. The visitors, many of them will come not to see the Fair alone, but with an eye for investment or for a future home. They will be a class of desirable people and the result will be that the Lewis and Clark Exposition will bring to this section of the U. S. many men of sufficient means to purchase land and build homes. Coming from crowded eastern and middle states they will find in the boundless northwest ample opportunity for agricultural, mercantile, and mining operations. Idaho, as much as any other state, will have the benefit of this influx.

Vast tracks of the most fertile land have just been reclaimed from the desert. And but a very few years will elapse before the sage brush will have entirely disappeared and in its place a veritable garden spot, luxuriant in verdure and vegetation will lie where previously the Snake river wound through a vast waste of sand. As this state is young and still sparely populated, its promise of future greatness is assured. Fabulous mineral wealth, almost untouched as yet, combined with great stock ranges, and fertile farm land as well as its limitless water power, make the state capable of supporting a large population.

Central Idaho will at once feel the effect of the new life. Within its boundaries are situated some of the largest mineral deposits in stock, unlimited water power for mining and milling purposes and much fertile land for agriculture.

The Lewis & Clark Exposition will do much to bring to the eyes of the world the vast and virgin resources of all sections of the Northwest and the result will be plainly felt here in the central part of the state.
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Rainbow Mountain.

In our article last week on Rainbow Mountain we endeavored to mention all properties on which any considerable amount of work has been done. In reviewing the matter, we find that two groups or at least two properties omitted should have received consideration.

First, the Rainbow group of seven claims situated on the Sugar Creek slope and near the very top of the mountain.

This property is owned by the Idaho Gold Mines Development Co. of which Charles W. Neff is the local manager. This same company owns the Osborne mine at Horseshoe Bend. About 275 feet of tunnel work has been done on the Rainbow Group, and is cut in direction of the great rhyolite dyke. This dyke shows free gold on the surface.

Another property consisting of the Rio Grand group and Pickwic group lying contiguous and owned by the Thunder Mountain Consolidated Gold Mining & Milling Co. consists of seven claims and as much as 800 feet of tunnel work has been done on these two groups. We understand the showing is very satisfactory.

Still another group – the First National has received considerable attention and quite a lot of work has been systematically done.
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Ward Robinson arrived this week from Boise. It is reported that he is to take charge of the Caswell ranch.
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The Inauguration.

Theodore Roosevelt has been formally inaugurated as president of the United States.

The ceremonies were the most brilliant in the history of the nation. It has justly been spoken of as the first national inauguration since the Civil war. North,South, East and West were represented – not politically, for Tennessee sent its whole legislation, governors from Main to North Carolina rode in the great parade. The famous colored regiment of U. S. Cavalry, the military organizations of the Philippines and of Porto Rico, Indians from the far West, and many organizations, civic and military, from all parts of the laud formed one of the most notable processions in the country’s history.

Roosevelt is a unique personality. No president since Andrew Jackson has had a place in so large a percentage of American hearts and homes as has the chief executive in the White House today.

The prejudice occasioned in the South three years ago has almost entirely disappeared – this is plainly evinced by the tone of the southern press; and the whole country regardless of political faith looks forward to Mr. Roosevelt’s admiration with confidence. … (page torn) display … most superb in the history of electricity, and the inaugural ball was entirely without precedent.

The President enters upon his second administration under most auspicious circumstances and with the God-speed of the whole nation.
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The Mail Service to Be Improved.

The sub contract taken by E. P. Stickney for carrying the mail from Thunder City to Roosevelt has been given up and Mr. Barnes, the government contractor, has again sub let the route to Messrs. Wootan & McLaughlin, a livery firm of Boise. The price paid for a service of 60 days, commencing about March 10th, is $3000.

Wootan & McLaughlin have again sublet the route from Knox to Roosevelt to a Mr. Ailport, he to receive $1500 for the tri-weekly service of 24 trips.

Mr. Ailport himself will bring the mail from Reardon Creek to Roosevelt which is the worst part of the whole route from Boise to this point. He will have the mail here on time three times a week. The irregularity of the arrivals during the past winter, which has caused so much annoyance, is probably over and regular service may reasonably be expected.
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A. D. Clark left camp Tuesday morning for Boise. While Mr. Clark was here he visited Wilson Creek in company with W. R. L. Posten to look at some mining property in which he has an interest. Mr. Clark was so well pleased with the mine that he will buy a ten stamp mill and have it sent in just as soon as possible. Mr. Clark owns ten or twelve claims joining the 20th Century Mining & Power Co.’s property on the south and expects to install a mill on the property in the near future.
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70,000 Killed.

As we again go to press the terrible battle around Mukden is still raging. March 5th. 70,000 men have been killed in the two armies and another awful carnage is added to the world’s bloody annuls. Considering the strong defensive position of the Russians, the Japanese have the best of the fight thus far. We feel safe in predicting the victory of the Mikado’s arms. Actuated by a patriotism that amounts almost to fanaticism, and commanded by the best officers in the world, the vast army of Japan will entertain no thought of defeat.

A decisive victory for Japan, will practically end the war. The moral effect upon the Russian people added to the internal dissatisfaction and unrest already existing there, will make it impossible for the Czar to regain prestige already lost.

The Russian empire does not lack resources – it wants for neither money nor men. It is however devoid of love for native land. Why indeed, should a peasant of Russia love a land where be is born to strive and labor through (page torn) … therefore a mere existence?

No thrill of freedom and larger manhood ever penetrates his breast; the ambitions and possibilities of free life incidental to self government he never knows; with dogged submission he allows himself to he driven in this unjust war, against vast armies made up of men ennobled by the loftiest principles that ever actuated men to supreme sacrifice: the love and devotion for their fatherland.

These are the conditions under which Russia is striving for autocratic ends. Should this battle around Mukden be lost to the Czar, further struggles would only sink the imperial government at St. Petersburg into deeper dishonor with the inevitable result of Japanese victory.
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Note: Battle of Mukden – Wikipedia
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The Sunday Closing Law.

The Sunday Closing Bill has become a law in Idaho, having passed the house on the last active day of the legislative session, March 3.

It was amended in such a manner that communities not incorporated may be excluded from its provisions by a majority of the qualified voters petitioning the commissioners to allow them to remain open Sunday. The mistake is, that the petitioning was not reversed, making it necessary in order that the places of business be closed. Then the law would have been obeyed; as it is it will simply become a dead letter.

Incorporated towns are excluded from the provisions, so that in order that they may have Sunday closing they must enact a municipal law to that effect. If a majority of the citizens desire the places of business kept open they simply have nothing to do in the matter but allow events to take their own course – they are not transgressing the law. But upon the isolated, unincorporated districts is thrown the burden of this law. In order to legally do business on Sunday a majority of the citizens must petition the commissioners to that effect. This will not be done in most cases.

Had the petition been made necessary for Sunday closing it would have made provision whereby a community desiring a quiet Sunday would have the weapons with which to enforce it. The same ends would have been gained and the very undesirable effect of disregard for law would have been avoided. It is safe to say that not a mining camp in the world desires a closed town on Sunday, and the effect of the new law will be simply unnoticed in nearly every mining town in this State.
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We quote from an editorial in Goodwin’s Weekly, a most excellent publication, by the way: “Andrew Carnegie has given away much money for public libraries. We do not think they will add very much to his fame for libraries are, after all, inert things. But a very small proportion of the people, even in the most cultured centers, patronize them, and after a generation or two, if any one hears the name of the founder mentioned, he is liable to think of him as be does of an Egyptian mummy – as one who long ago went back to dust.” We take decided issue with Goodwin’s Weekly. Libraries are not “inert things;” their subtle, silent but living influence effects every home in the land Our observation has not been that “very (page torn) … most cultured centers,” patronize them, and we believe that were Andrew Carnegies fame dependent alone upon the libraries he has established or aided, he would live in the love of the English speaking world as long as history and poetry and art and music are loved and revered.
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The completion of the Simplon tunnel through the Alps is an event that attracts universal attention as one of the greatest engineering feats of history. The ancient wonders of the world are dwarfed into insignificance by such an achievement as the boring of this mighty hole through the rugged mountains. It is 12 miles long and is a double-compartment bore. The work has consumed several years and has cost fifteen millions of dollars. The manual labor expended upon some of the great works of antiquity was far in excess of that employed in this undertaking, but the earlier engineers did not have the advantage of steam, electricity and dynamite. They consumed an enormous amount of labor, but they were unable to make such progress as our engineers record with the modern facilities for mastering nature.
– Statesman.
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Note: Simplon Tunnel – Wikipedia
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Attention is called to the article on the two-foot gauge railroad published on another page. It has often been remarked by members of this community who have seen this road and witnessed its work that it is strange that that gauge is not used more extensively in rough mountainous countries like our own. It can be built and maintained for a fraction of the cost of a standard gauge. It can make curves and use grades impracticable with the ordinary railroad and the fact that in a country where its usefulness has been demonstrated, it is being continually extended, indicates that the road is a thorough success.
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Harry Wilson, in a state of semi-intoxication jumped from a projection at the top of Shoshone Falls on March 2nd. The distance is 225 feet and a large volume of water was pouring over … (page torn) … turned twice in the air before he disappeared in the spray and foam and by chance only, struck the water in such a position that he was not injured. He was next seen swimming stoutly for shore. His foolhardy adventure could probably not be accomplished again in a thousand rials.
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19050318Pg3-txt1headline
Mahoney and His Ditch.

When we are sitting round the fire
On these lonesome winter nights,
Solving other people’s problems,
‘Till we’ve got ’em “dead to rights.”
When all subjects are exhausted,
We are always sure to switch
To the never failing – wait now
‘Till “Mahoney gets His Ditch.”

When we get to talking politics
Just to hear each other prattle
Or the more familiar subjects
Trails, cayuses and cattle,
Our arguments grow hotter,
Soon it reaches quite a pitch
‘Till we cool down with a joke
On “Mahoney and His Ditch.”

Oh! we are building castles.
Everyone has got a plan
How to better his condition,
All that’s lacking is the sand.
How the sawmills would be buzzing,
Bridges built, without a hitch,
But we are all kind of waiting
‘Till “Mahoney gets His Ditch.”

Now, if all our wise or otherwise,
Predictions come not true,
And we find our calculations wrong
As wise men sometimes do.
If we see that water running
Wont it make our fingers itch,
Just to handle some of that money
He will make off that “Old ditch.”
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19050318Pg3-txt2headline
Three Stories Underground.

The New York Times is being published from its new building in Times square, a structure which has been referred to by experts as one of the notable architectural triumphs of the world. In recognition of this contribution to the architectural beauty of New York, the city government some time ago named the district from Forty-second street north for seven blocks along Broadway and Seventh avenues, Times square, and the subway station in the basement of the building bears the same title.

The moving, including the 30 linotype machines brought from Park row to Times square, over a distance of three miles, began after midnight. A force of 150 expert machinists accomplished the work without the slightest hitch or delay and the following night the same machines were setting up the paper that did similar work 15 hours earlier three miles away.

The building is the city’s tallest structure, from base to top being 31 stories, with an extreme height of 476 feet. A new record in steel tonnage has been made in its construction, as it contains a larger percentage of steel to cubical contents than any other office building, having at the same time the strongest and stiffest steel frame structure of similar dimensions ever erected. It contains a 30-ton girder, the largest in any office building, and in its construction 80,000 field rivets were used. A 50-foot railway runs obliquely through its basement without contact at any point.

The total weight of the building is nearly 8,0000,000 [sic] pounds of structural iron; brick, 19,000,000 pounds; cement and mixed mortar, 14,000,000; terra cotta arches and partitions, 5,000,000; rubble masonry in back fill, exclusive of 2,000,000 pounds of cement, 15,000,000 pounds; sand, 2,500,000 pounds, and other items of equal significance.

The presses are 55 feet below the street, while the paper is written and set up from the 14th to the 25th floors. The foundations of the present completed building were laid in June, 1902, and since then 299 days were lost by strikes and 35 days by bad weather.
– Pittsburg Gazette.
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